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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921108/a-novel-antioxidant-peptide-derived-from-wheat-germ-prevents-high-glucose-induced-oxidative-stress-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-vitro
#1
Siyuan Chen, Dingbo Lin, Yulong Gao, Xiaozhou Cao, Xinchun Shen
The ingestion of whole wheat products is responsible for the prevention of a number of chronic diseases. The aim of this study is to characterize the molecular properties of a novel wheat germ-derived antioxidant peptide (AOP) in protection against high glucose-induced oxidative stress in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). AOP (amino acid sequence AREGETVVPG) was isolated from wheat germ albumin using dual-enzymatic hydrolysis/separation, followed by MS/MS. The in vitro IC50 value for Fe(2+) chelation was 0...
December 6, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913300/suppression-of-nadph-oxidase-attenuates-hypoxia-induced-dysfunctions-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#2
Bin Liu, Kai-Di Ren, Jing-Jie Peng, Tao Li, Xiu-Ju Luo, Chengming Fan, Jin-Fu Yang, Jun Peng
NADPH oxidases (NOX) - derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to oxidative injury in hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension. This study aims to evaluate the status of NOX in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) under hypoxic condition and to determine whether NOX inhibitors could attenuate hypoxia-induced dysfunctions of EPCs. EPCs were isolated from peripheral blood of SD rats and subjected to hypoxia (O2/N2/CO2, 1/94/5) for 24 h. The cells were collected for β-galactosidase or Hoechst staining, or for functional analysis (migration, adhesion and tube formation)...
November 29, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912196/nox-isoforms-in-the-development-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#3
Kin Lung Siu, Qiang Li, Yixuan Zhang, Jun Guo, Ji Youn Youn, Jie Du, Hua Cai
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the formation of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and we have recently established a causal role of uncoupled eNOS in this severe human disease. We have also shown that activation of NADPH oxidase (NOX) lies upstream of uncoupled eNOS. Therefore, identification of the specific NOX isoforms that are required for eNOS uncoupling and AAA formation would ultimately lead to novel therapies for AAA. In the present study, we used the Ang II infused hph-1 mice to examine the roles of NOX isoforms in the development of AAA...
November 19, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910195/mulberrofuran-g-protects-ischemic-injury-induced-cell-death-via-inhibition-of-nox4-mediated-ros-generation-and-er-stress
#4
Sungeun Hong, Jaeyoung Kwon, Dong-Woo Kim, Hak Ju Lee, Dongho Lee, Woongchon Mar
The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effect of mulberrofuran G (MG) in in vitro and in vivo models of cerebral ischemia. MG was isolated from the root bark of Morus bombycis. MG inhibited nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) enzyme activity and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced NOX4 protein expression in SH-SY5Y cells. MG inhibited the expression of activated caspase-3 and caspase-9 and cleaved poly adenine dinucleotide phosphate-ribose polymerase in OGD/R-induced SH-SY5Y cells...
December 2, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908234/sustained-early-disruption-of-mitochondrial-function-contributes-to-arsenic-induced-prostate-tumorigenesis
#5
B Singh, M Kulawiec, K M Owens, A Singh, K K Singh
Arsenic is a well-known human carcinogen that affects millions of people worldwide, but the underlying mechanisms of carcinogenesis are unclear. Several epidemiological studies have suggested increased prostate cancer incidence and mortality due to exposure to arsenic. Due to lack of an animal model of arsenic-induced carcinogenesis, we used a prostate epithelial cell culture model to identify a role for mitochondria in arsenic-induced prostate cancer. Mitochondrial morphology and membrane potential was impacted within a few hours of arsenic exposure of non-neoplastic prostate epithelial cells...
October 2016: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898405/n-acetyl-cysteine-attenuated-the-deleterious-effects-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-on-the-kidney-of-non-diabetic-rats
#6
Karina Thieme, Karolline S Da Silva, Nelly T Fabre, Sergio Catanozi, Maria Beatriz Monteiro, Daniele Pereira Santos-Bezerra, Juliana Martins Costa-Pessoa, Maria Oliveira-Souza, Ubiratan F Machado, Marisa Passarelli, Maria Lucia Correa-Giannella
AIM: To assess the renal effects of chronic exposure to advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in the absence of diabetes and the potential impact of concomitant treatment with the antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine (NAC). METHODS: Wistar rats received intraperitoneally 20 mg/kg/day of albumin modified (AlbAGE) or not (AlbC) by advanced glycation for 12 weeks and oral NAC (600mg/L; AlbAGE+NAC and AlbC+NAC, respectively). Biochemical, urinary and renal morphological analyses; carboxymethyl-lysine (CML, an AGE), CD68 (macrophage infiltration), and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE, marker of oxidative stress) immunostaining; intrarenal mRNA expression of genes belonging to pathways related to AGEs (Ager, Ddost, Nfkb1), renin-angiotensin system (Agt, Ren, Ace), fibrosis (Tgfb1, Col4a1), oxidative stress (Nox4, Txnip), and apoptosis (Bax, Bcl2); and reactive oxidative species (ROS) content were performed...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897258/lack-of-fibronectin-extra-domain-a-alternative-splicing-exacerbates-endothelial-dysfunction-in-diabetes
#7
Gianluca Gortan Cappellari, Rocco Barazzoni, Luigi Cattin, Andrés F Muro, Michela Zanetti
Glucose-induced changes of artery anatomy and function account for diabetic vascular complications, which heavily impact disease morbidity and mortality. Since fibronectin containing extra domain A (EDA + FN) is increased in diabetic vessels and participates to vascular remodeling, we wanted to elucidate whether and how EDA + FN is implicated in diabetes-induced endothelial dysfunction using isometric-tension recording in a murine model of diabetes. In thoracic aortas of EDA(-/-), EDA(+/+) (constitutively lacking and expressing EDA + FN respectively), and of wild-type mice (EDA(wt/wt)), streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes impaired endothelial vasodilation to acetylcholine, irrespective of genotype...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895046/gene-silencing-of-nox4-by-cpg-island-methylation-during-hepatocarcinogenesis-in-rats
#8
Guadalupe S López-Álvarez, Tomasz K Wojdacz, Claudia M García-Cuellar, Hugo C Monroy-Ramírez, Miguel A Rodríguez Segura, Ruth A Pacheco Rivera, Carlos A Valencia-Antúnez, Nancy C Cervantes-Anaya, Ernesto Soto-Reyes, Verónica R Vázquez-Garzón, Yesennia Sánchez-Pérez, Saúl Villa Treviño
The association between the downregulation of genes and DNA methylation in their CpG islands has been extensively studied as a mechanism that favors carcinogenesis. The objective of this study was to analyze the methylation of a set of genes selected based on their microarray expression profiles during the process of hepatocarcinogenesis. Rats were sacrificed at: 24 Hours, 7, 11, 16 and 30 days and 5, 9, 12 and 18 months post-treatment. We evaluated the methylation status in the CpG islands of four deregulated genes (Casp3, Cldn1, Pex11a and Nox4) using methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting technology for the samples obtained from different stages of hepatocarcinogenesis...
November 28, 2016: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891092/dihydrotanshinone-i-attenuates-atherosclerosis-in-apoe-deficient-mice-role-of-nox4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-lectin-like-oxidized-ldl-receptor-1-lox-1-of-the-endothelium
#9
Wenwen Zhao, Chunxia Li, Hongwei Gao, Qin Wu, Jingshan Shi, Xiuping Chen
Dihydrotanshinone I (DHT) is a natural compound extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge which has been widely used for treating cardiovascular diseases. However, its role in atherosclerosis remains unclear. In this study, the effect of DHT on atherosclerosis were investigated using apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice and endothelial cells. In lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), DHT (10 nM) decreased lectin-like ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) and NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) expression, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, NF-κB nuclear translocation, ox-LDL endocytosis and monocytes adhesion...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870947/subcellular-localization-of-the-flt3-itd-oncogene-plays-a-significant-role-in-the-production-of-nox-and-p22-phox-derived-reactive-oxygen-species-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#10
Jennifer N Moloney, Joanna Stanicka, Thomas G Cotter
Internal tandem duplication of the juxtamembrane domain of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3-ITD) receptor is the most prevalent FLT3 mutation accounting for 20% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. FLT3-ITD mutation results in ligand-independent constitutive activation of the receptor at the plasma membrane and 'impaired trafficking' of the receptor in compartments of the endomembrane system, such as the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). FLT3-ITD expressing cells have been shown to generate increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), in particular NADPH oxidase (NOX)-generated ROS which act as pro-survival signals...
November 11, 2016: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866193/mixed-aqueous-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-reduces-blood-pressure-through-inhibition-of-vascular-remodelling-and-oxidative-stress-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#11
Jing Zhang, Sheng Jun An, Jun Qiu Fu, Pei Liu, Tie Mei Shao, Manli Li, Xue Li, Zhan Jiao, Xi Qing Chai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) contains four major aqueous active ingredients, which have been isolated, purified and identified as danshensu (DSS), salvianolic acid A (Sal-A), salvianolic acid B (Sal-B) and protocatechuic aldehyde (PAL), totally abbreviated as SABP. Although SM is often used to treat various cardiovascular diseases in traditional Chinese medicine, the efficacy and function of optimal compatibility ratio of SM's active ingredients (SABP) in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases remain uncertain...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863990/cytochrome-p450-enzymes-but-not-nadph-oxidases-are-the-source-of-the-nadph-dependent-lucigenin-chemiluminescence-in-membrane-assays
#12
Flávia Rezende, Kim-Kristin Prior, Oliver Löwe, Ilka Wittig, Valentina Strecker, Franziska Moll, Valeska Helfinger, Frank Schnütgen, Nina Kurrle, Frank Wempe, Maria Walter, Sven Zukunft, Bert Luck, Ingrid Fleming, Norbert Weissmann, Ralf P Brandes, Katrin Schröder
: Measuring NADPH oxidase (Nox)-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) in living tissues and cells is a constant challenge. All probes available display limitations regarding sensitivity, specificity or demand highly specialized detection techniques. In search for a presumably easy, versatile, sensitive and specific technique, numerous studies have used NADPH-stimulated assays in membrane fractions which have been suggested to reflect Nox activity. However, we previously found an unaltered activity with these assays in triple Nox knockout mouse (Nox1-Nox2-Nox4(-/-)) tissue and cells compared to wild type...
November 15, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856453/rasgrf-couples-nox4-dependent-endoplasmic-reticulum-signaling-to-ras
#13
Ru Feng Wu, Chengxu Liao, Hadi Hatoum, Guosheng Fu, Christhiaan D Ochoa, Lance S Terada
OBJECTIVES: In response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, endothelial cells initiate corrective pathways such as the unfolded protein response. Recent studies suggest that reactive oxygen species produced on the ER may participate in homeostatic signaling through Ras in response to ER stress. We sought to identify mechanisms responsible for this focal signaling pathway. APPROACH AND RESULTS: In endothelial cells, we found that ER stress induced by tunicamycin activates the NADPH oxidase Nox4 focally on the ER surface but not on the plasma membrane...
November 17, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856286/nox4-is-an-early-initiator-of-neuropathic-pain
#14
Christian Geis, Eva Geuss, Claudia Sommer, Harald H H W Schmidt, Christoph Kleinschnitz
Treatment of neuropathic pain remains challenging as the etiology is heterogeneous and pathomechanisms are incompletely understood. One possible mechanism is oxidative stress due to unphysiological reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation. The only know dedicated enzymatic source of ROS are NADPH oxidases of which the type 4 isoform (NOX4) has been suggested to be involved in the subacute and chronic phase of neuropathic pain. Here, we aim to translate this finding into a treatment strategy by examining the efficacy of the NOX1/4-specific inhibitor GKT136901 using the chronic constriction injury (CCI) mouse model of neuropathic pain...
November 14, 2016: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847553/differential-expression-of-nadph-oxidases-depends-on-skeletal-muscle-fiber-type-in-rats
#15
Adriano César Carneiro Loureiro, Igor Coutinho do Rêgo-Monteiro, Ruy A Louzada, Victor Hugo Ortenzi, Angélica Ponte de Aguiar, Ewerton Sousa de Abreu, João Paulo Albuquerque Cavalcanti-de-Albuquerque, Fabio Hecht, Ariclécio Cunha de Oliveira, Vânia Marilande Ceccatto, Rodrigo S Fortunato, Denise P Carvalho
NADPH oxidases (NOX) are important sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in skeletal muscle, being involved in excitation-contraction coupling. Thus, we aimed to investigate if NOX activity and expression in skeletal muscle are fiber type specific and the possible contribution of this difference to cellular oxidative stress. Oxygen consumption rate, NOX activity and mRNA levels, and the activity of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and superoxide dismutase (SOD), as well as the reactive protein thiol levels, were measured in the soleus (SOL), red gastrocnemius (RG), and white gastrocnemius (WG) muscles of rats...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843711/iron-overload-induced-death-of-osteoblasts-in-vitro-involvement-of-the-mitochondrial-apoptotic-pathway
#16
Qing Tian, Shilei Wu, Zhipeng Dai, Jingjing Yang, Jin Zheng, Qixin Zheng, Yong Liu
BACKGROUND: Iron overload is recognized as a new pathogenfor osteoporosis. Various studies demonstrated that iron overload could induce apoptosis in osteoblasts and osteoporosis in vivo. However, the exact molecular mechanisms involved in the iron overload-mediated induction of apoptosis in osteoblasts has not been explored. PURPOSE: In this study, we attempted to determine whether the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway is involved in iron-induced osteoblastic cell death and to investigate the beneficial effect of N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) in iron-induced cytotoxicity...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812432/treatment-of-rapidly-progressive-systemic-sclerosis-current-and-futures-perspectives
#17
Fabian A Mendoza, Maryah Mansoor, Sergio A Jimenez
INTRODUCTION: Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by severe and often progressive cutaneous, pulmonary, cardiac and gastrointestinal tract fibrosis, cellular and humoral immunologic alterations, and pronounced fibroproliferative vasculopathy. There is no effective SSc disease modifying therapy. Patients with rapidly progressive SSc have poor prognosis with frequent disability and very high mortality. AREAS COVERED: This paper reviews currently available therapeutic approaches for rapidly progressive SSc and discuss novel drugs under study for SSc disease modification...
2016: Expert Opinion on Orphan Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807688/angiotensin-ii-induced-early-and-late-inflammatory-responses-through-noxs-and-mapk-pathways
#18
Xi Zhang, Jia Yang, Xinyi Yu, Si Cheng, Hua Gan, Yunfeng Xia
Angiotensin II (Ang II) dysregulation has been determined as cause or an effect of many diseases. The relationship between Ang II and reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are generated by enzymes in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) family, has been the focus of many researchers for years. Inflammation in response to the activities of various NOXs with differing time-dependent characteristics was reported. It is still unclear how these factors interplay over the course of the inflammatory response and how signal transduction through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways...
November 2, 2016: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805062/ros-mediated-different-homeostasis-of-murine-corneal-epithelial-progenitor-cell-line-under-oxidative-stress
#19
Jing Zhou, Lianping Ge, Changkai Jia, Xiling Zheng, Huixia Cui, Rongrong Zong, Xiaorui Bao, Yuanyuan Yin, Jian-Xing Ma, Wei Li, Zuguo Liu, Yueping Zhou
The role of ROS in stem cell biology has not been fully illustrated and understood. Here we compared the different responses and investigated the mechanism underlying oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) between murine corneal epithelial progenitor cell line (TKE2) and mature murine corneal epithelial cells (MCE). TKE2 showed a different homeostasis and strong resistance to H2O2. TKE2 reduced the production of ROS, inhibited ROS generation enzyme NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4), and increased dual specificity phosphatase 6 (DUSP6)...
November 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797149/nox2-and-nox4-regulate-self-renewal-of-murine-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#20
Xueling Kang, Xiangxiang Wei, Li Jiang, Cong Niu, Jianyi Zhang, Sifeng Chen, Dan Meng
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and redox homeostasis have a pivotal role in the maintenance of stem cell pluripotency and in stem cell self-renewal; however, the mechanisms by which ROS regulate the self-renewal of stem cells have not been thoroughly studied. Here, we evaluated the role of the ROS produced by NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox2) and NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4) in the self-renewal and stemness of murine induced-pluripotent stem cells (miPSCs). Targeted silencing of Nox2 or Nox4 reduced both NADPH oxidase activity and intracellular ROS levels, as well as alkaline phosphatase activity, the total number of miPSCs, the expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), IGF-1 receptor, and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2...
October 31, 2016: IUBMB Life
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