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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349245/mental-health-of-sub-saharan-african-migrants-the-gendered-role-of-migration-paths-and-transnational-ties
#1
Julie Pannetier, France Lert, Marie Jauffret Roustide, Annabel Desgrées du Loû
In Europe, migrants are at higher risk of common mental disorders or psychological distress than are natives. Little is known regarding the social determinants of migrant mental health, particularly the roles played by migration conditions and transnational practices, which may manifest themselves in different ways for men and for women. The goal of this paper was to understand the gendered roles of migration paths and transnational ties in mental health among sub-Saharan African migrants residing in the Paris, France, metropolitan area...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348040/negative-valence-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-relationship-between-amygdala-activity-selective-attention-and-co-occurring-anxiety
#2
John D Herrington, Brenna B Maddox, Alana J McVey, Martin E Franklin, Benjamin E Yerys, Judith S Miller, Robert T Schultz
BACKGROUND: A critical agenda of the National Institutes of Health Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative is establishing whether domains within the RDoC matrix are truly transdiagnostic. Rates of anxiety disorders are elevated in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but it is unclear whether the same mechanisms contribute to anxiety in individuals with and without ASD. As changes in selective attention are a hallmark of anxiety disorders in non-ASD samples, the identification of these changes in ASD would support the transdiagnostic nature of anxiety...
September 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343228/problematic-internet-use-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-in-a-population-of-japanese-adult-psychiatric-patients
#3
Hille T de Vries, Takashi Nakamae, Kenji Fukui, Damiaan Denys, Jin Narumoto
BACKGROUND: Many studies reported the high prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among adolescents (13-50%), and PIU was associated with various psychiatric symptoms. In contrast, only a few studies investigated the prevalence among the adult population (6%). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PIU and psychiatric co-morbidity among adult psychiatric patients. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-three adult psychiatric patients were recruited over a 3-month period...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341497/defining-behavioral-components-of-social-functioning-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-as-targets-for-treatment
#4
Ashley A Pallathra, Monica E Calkins, Julia Parish-Morris, Brenna B Maddox, Leat S Perez, Judith Miller, Ruben C Gur, David S Mandell, Robert T Schultz, Edward S Brodkin
There is increasing recognition that adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) would benefit from treatment to improve social functioning, a key factor in adults' overall quality of life. However, the various behavioral components of social functioning (i.e., categories of behaviors underlying social functioning), including social motivation, social anxiety, social cognition, and social skills, have not all been assessed together in any sample of adults with ASD, making it difficult to know the relative levels of impairment in these various categories, the relationships among these categories, or promising targets for treatments...
January 17, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339262/the-long-term-physical-and-psychological-health-impacts-of-flooding-a-systematic-mapping
#5
REVIEW
Shuang Zhong, Lianping Yang, Sam Toloo, Zhe Wang, Shilu Tong, Xiaojie Sun, David Crompton, Gerard FitzGerald, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Flooding has caused significant and wide ranging long-term health impacts for affected populations. However, until now, the long-term health outcomes, epidemiological trends and specific impact factors of flooding had not been identified. In this study, the relevant literature was systematically mapped to create the first synthesis of the evidence of the long-term health impacts of flooding. METHODS: The systematic mapping method was used to collect and categorize all the relevant literature...
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338955/declining-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-u-s
#6
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shang-Min Liu, Michael Schoenbaum, Carlos Blanco
INTRODUCTION: Despite recent declining mortality of the U.S. population from most leading causes, uncertainty exists over trends in health-related quality of life. METHODS: The 2001-2002 and 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Surveys on Alcohol and Related Conditions U.S. representative household surveys were analyzed for trends in health-related quality of life (n=79,402). Health-related quality of life was measured with the Short Form-6 Dimension scale derived from the Short Form-12...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337350/alterations-in-mglu5-receptor-expression-and-function-in-the-striatum-in-a-rat-depression-model
#7
Li-Min Mao, John Q Wang
Major depressive disorder is a common form of mental illness. Many brain regions are implicated in the pathophysiology and symptomatology of depression. Among key brain areas is the striatum that controls reward and mood and is involved in the development of core depression-like behavior in animal models of depression. While molecular mechanisms in this region underlying depression-related behavior are poorly understood, the glutamatergic input to the striatum is believed to play a role. In this study, we investigated changes in metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor expression and signaling in the striatum of adult rats in response to prolonged (10-12 weeks) social isolation, a pre-validated animal paradigm modeling depression in adulthood...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337001/antidepressant-treatment-duration-in-pediatric-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-how-long-is-long-enough
#8
Elizabeth E Hathaway, John T Walkup, Jeffrey R Strawn
Anxiety and depressive disorders are common in the pediatric primary care setting, and respond to both psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacologic treatment. However, there are limited data regarding the optimal treatment duration. This article systematically reviews guidelines and clinical trial data related to antidepressant treatment duration in pediatric patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. The extant literature suggests 9-12 months of antidepressant treatment for youth with major depressive disorder...
January 11, 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336041/symptoms-of-social-anxiety-depression-and-stress-in-parents-of-children-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#9
Brynjar Halldorsson, Jenny Draisey, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that elevated maternal social anxiety may play a disorder-specific role in maintaining childhood social anxiety disorder (SAD), but few studies have examined whether mothers of children with SAD are more socially anxious than mothers of children with other anxiety disorders (ANX). This study set out to examine whether symptoms of social anxiety were more severe amongst mothers of 7-12 year old children presenting for treatment with SAD (n = 260) compared to those presenting with ANX (n = 138)...
January 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336012/predictors-and-consequences-of-health-anxiety-symptoms-a-novel-twin-modeling-study
#10
C López-Solà, M Bui, J L Hopper, L F Fontenelle, C G Davey, C Pantelis, P Alonso, O A van den Heuvel, B J Harrison
OBJECTIVE: The question of how to best conceptualize health anxiety (HA) from a diagnostic and etiological perspective remains debated. The aim was to examine the relationship between HA and the symptoms of anxiety and obsessive-compulsive-related disorders in a normative twin population. METHOD: Four hundred and ninety-six monozygotic adult twin pairs from the Australian Twin Registry participated in the study (age, 34.4 ± 7.72 years; 59% females). Validated scales were used to assess each domain...
January 15, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334641/do-clinically-anxious-children-cluster-according-to-their-expression-of-factors-that-maintain-child-anxiety
#11
Samantha Pearcey, Anna Alkozei, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Helen Dodd, Kou Murayama, Suzannah Stuijfzand, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for childhood anxiety disorders, yet a significant proportion of children do not benefit from it. CBT for child anxiety disorders typically includes a range of strategies that may not all be applicable for all affected children. This study explored whether there are distinct subgroups of children with anxiety disorders who are characterized by their responses to measures of the key mechanisms that are targeted in CBT (i...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333899/social-support-and-mental-health-in-lgbtq-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
Kari McDonald
LGBTQ adolescents experience higher rates of mental health disorders than their heterosexual peers. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to examine studies evaluating social support and its effects on mental health in the LGBTQ adolescent population. Higher levels of social support were associated with positive self-esteem. Lack of social support (or low social support) was associated with higher levels of depression, anxiety, alcohol or drug misuse, risky sexual behaviors, shame, and low self-esteem...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333493/a-quality-improvement-project-aimed-at-adapting-primary-care-to-ensure-the-delivery-of-evidence-based-psychotherapy-for-adult-anxiety
#13
Mark D Williams, Craig N Sawchuk, Nathan D Shippee, Kristin J Somers, Summer L Berg, Jay D Mitchell, Angela B Mattson, David J Katzelnick
Primary care patients frequently present with anxiety with prevalence ratios up to 30%. Brief cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has been shown in meta-analytic studies to have a strong effect size in the treatment of anxiety. However, in surveys of anxious primary care patients, nearly 80% indicated that they had not received CBT. In 2010, a model of CBT (Coordinated Anxiety Learning and Management (CALM)) adapted to primary care for adult anxiety was published based on results of a randomised controlled trial...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333196/brief-report-reduced-anxiety-following-pivotal-response-treatment-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Jiedi Lei, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Sebiha M Abdullahi, Megan L Braconnier, Pamela Ventola
Up to 40% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit co-occurring anxiety symptoms. Despite recent success in mitigating anxiety symptoms in school-aged children with ASD (mean age >9 years) using adapted versions of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, little is known about potential treatment outcomes for younger children. To address the gap in the literature, this open-label study evaluated change in anxiety following a 16-week open-label trial of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) in children with ASD aged 4-8 years...
November 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332179/profiles-and-correlates-of-parent-child-agreement-on-social-anxiety-symptoms-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Catherine A Burrows, Lauren V Usher, Emily M Becker-Haimes, Camilla M McMahon, Peter C Mundy, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Heather A Henderson
This study characterized patterns and correlates of parent-youth agreement on social anxiety in youth with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants (279 verbally-fluent youth aged 8-16 years, NASD = 144, NTD = 135) completed the SASC-R. Youth with ASD exhibited higher social anxiety across informants. While TD youth endorsed higher anxiety than did parents, self- and parent-reports did not differ in youth with ASD. For children with ASD, higher parent-youth agreement was associated with lower lifetime ASD symptoms and higher adaptive skills...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330217/a-systematic-review-of-network-meta-analyses-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-common-mental-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Dan J Stein, Jonathan Ipser
QUESTION: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of treatment efficacy across different pharmacological treatments help inform clinical decision-making, but their methodological quality may vary a lot depending also on the quality of the included primary studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological treatment for common mental disorders in order to assess the methodological quality of these NMAs, and to relate study characteristics to the rankings of efficacy and tolerability...
January 12, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329979/how-acute-stress-may-enhance-subsequent-memory-for-threat-stimuli-outside-the-focus-of-attention-dlpfc-amygdala-decoupling
#17
Yu Luo, Guillén Fernández, Erno Hermans, Susanne Vogel, Yu Zhang, Hong Li, Floris Klumpers
Stress-related disorders, e.g., anxiety and depression, are characterized by decreased top-down control for distracting information, as well as a memory bias for threatening information. However, it is unclear how acute stress biases mnemonic encoding and leads to prioritized storage of threat-related information even if outside the focus of attention. In the current study, healthy adults (N = 53, all male) were randomly assigned to stress induction using the socially evaluated cold-pressor test (SECPT) or a control condition...
January 9, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329058/association-of-comorbid-personality-disorders-with-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-two-psychotherapies-for-early-onset-persistent-depressive-disorder
#18
Nele Erkens, Elisabeth Schramm, Levente Kriston, Martin Hautzinger, Martin Härter, Ulrich Schweiger, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is associated with high rates of comorbid personality disorders (PD). The association of comorbid PD and clinical characteristics has not been systematically studied in PDD. Results regarding effects on treatment outcome are heterogeneous. METHODS: We analyzed the association of comorbid personality disorders with clinical characteristics and outcome in a randomized controlled trial comparing the disorder-specific Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) with nonspecific supportive psychotherapy (SP) in patients with early-onset PDD...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327281/effect-of-early-natal-supplementation-of-paracetamol-on-attenuation-of-exotoxin-endotoxin-induced-pyrexia-and-precipitation-of-autistic-like-features-in-albino-rats
#19
Abdulaziz S Saeedan, Indu Singh, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Manjari Singh, Jitendra K Rawat, Uma Devi, Swetlana Gautam, Rajnish K Yadav, Gaurav Kaithwas
The present study was aimed to test the hypothesis that paracetamol (PCM) can precipitate autistic like features when used to counteract vaccine-induced fever using experimental rat pups. The pups were treated with measles mumps rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria tetanus and pertussis (DPT) vaccines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with subsequent PCM treatment. The pups were evaluated for postnatal growth (weight gain, eye opening) and behavior alterations (swimming performance, olfactory discrimination, negative geotaxis, nociception, and locomotor activity) by performing battery of neurobehavioral test...
January 11, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327218/online-communication-about-depression-and-anxiety-among-twitter-users-with-schizophrenia-preliminary-findings-to-inform-a-digital-phenotype-using-social-media
#20
Yulin Hswen, John A Naslund, John S Brownstein, Jared B Hawkins
Digital technologies hold promise for supporting the detection and management of schizophrenia. This exploratory study aimed to generate an initial understanding of whether patterns of communication about depression and anxiety on popular social media among individuals with schizophrenia are consistent with offline representations of the illness. From January to July 2016, posts on Twitter were collected from a sample of Twitter users who self-identify as having a schizophrenia spectrum disorder (n = 203) and a randomly selected sample of control users (n = 173)...
January 12, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
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