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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164683/is-hypertension-the-fate-of-aortic-coarctation-patients-treated-with-cheatham-platinum-cp-stent
#1
Ali Baykan, Ayse G Demiraldi, Onur Tasci, Ozge Pamukcu, Suleyman Sunkak, Kazım Uzum, Sadettin Sezer, Nazmi Narin
AIM: The aim of this study is to address the presence of hypertension and risk for cardiovascular diseases in patients with Coarctation of the Aorta (CoA) who were treated with endovascular stent placement. METHODS: Twenty patients (mean age: 14.2 ± 3.9 years) who were treated with stent and 20 age- and sex-matched controls were included to the study. Structure and functions of left ventricle were assessed by echocardiography. Carotid intima media (CIM) thickness was measured by using sonography as a marker for detecting cardiovascular risk...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163131/task-irrelevant-novel-sounds-have-antithetical-effects-on-visual-target-processing-in-young-and-old-adults
#2
Erich S Tusch, Nicole C Feng, Phillip J Holcomb, Kirk R Daffner
In young adults, primary visual task processing can be either enhanced or disrupted by novel auditory stimuli preceding target events, depending on task demands. Little is known about this phenomenon in older individuals, who, in general, are more susceptible to distraction. In the current study, age-related differences in the electrophysiological effects of task-irrelevant auditory stimuli on visual target processing were examined. Under both low and high primary task loads, the categorization/updating process in response to visual targets preceded by auditory novels, as indexed by the target P3 component, was enhanced in young, but diminished in old adults...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162269/trans-articular-kirschner-wire-fixation-in-treating-complex-tibial-plateau-fractures-complicated-by-multiple-ligaments-injuries-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Jianbin Wu, Yiyang Wang, Feiya Zhou, Lei Yang, Jun Tang
There is no guideline and consensus about when and how to treat accompanying multi-ligaments injuries, especially anterior and/or posterior cruciate ligaments, in tibial plateau fractures. We report one case of fracture and dislocation of tibial plateau, treated by open reduction and internal plates fixation, augmented by trans-articular Kirschner wire fixation to overcome instability and malrotation of the knee joints discovered intraoperatively. The Kirschner wire was removed about four weeks after the index operation, and the patient begun functional exercise from then on...
November 18, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160142/structural-fat-grafting-to-improve-outcomes-of-vocal-folds-fat-augmentation-long-term-results
#4
Giovanna Cantarella, Riccardo F Mazzola, Michele Gaffuri, Elisabetta Iofrida, Pietro Biondetti, Laura V Forzenigo, Lorenzo Pignataro, Sara Torretta
Objective Evaluating the long-term outcomes of vocal fold structural fat grafting. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting University hospital. Subjects and Methods Seventy-nine dysphonic patients (16-82 years; 55 with unilateral laryngeal paralysis and 24 with vocal fold scarring) underwent vocal fold fat injection. Fat was harvested by low-pressure liposuction and then processed by centrifugation. Refined fat aliquots were placed in the vocal fold and paraglottic space in multiple tunnels to enhance graft neovascularization...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155485/advantages-of-diapause-in-trichogramma-dendrolimi-mass-production-via-eggs-of-the-chinese-silkworm-antheraea-pernyi
#5
Jun-Jie Zhang, Xue Zhang, Lian-Sheng Zang, Wen-Mei Du, Yang-Yang Hou, Chang-Chun Ruan, Nicolas Desneux
BACKGROUND: Trichogramma dendrolimi Matsumura is widely used as biological control agent for lepidopteran agricultural pests control in China and can be successfully reared using the large eggs of the Chinese silkworm, Antheraea pernyi. In this study, biological parameters of diapaused, non-diapaused, and cold-stored T. dendrolimi were investigated for two generations on host eggs of A. pernyi under the laboratory conditions. RESULTS: The cold-stored T. dendrolimi performed poorer than diapaused and non-diapaused T...
November 20, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150789/radial-pulse-and-electrocardiography-modulation-by-mild-thermal-stresses-applied-to-feet-an-exploratory-study-with-randomized-crossover-design
#6
Jang-Han Bae, Boncho Ku, Young Ju Jeon, Hyunho Kim, Jihye Kim, Haebeom Lee, Jong Yeol Kim, Jaeuk U Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in radial pulse induced by thermal stresses (TSs). METHODS: Sixty subjects were enrolled. Using an open-label, 2×2 crossover randomization design, both feet of each subject were immersed in 15 °C water for cold stress (CS) and in 40 °C water for heat stress (HS) for 5 min each. Radial pulse, respiration and electrocardiogram (ECG) signals were recorded before, during and immediately after the TSs. RESULTS: The analysis of heart rate variability revealed that CS increased the low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) components (P <0...
November 17, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150068/sensitization-to-staphylococcus-aureus-enterotoxins-in-smokers-with-asthma
#7
Tadao Nagasaki, Hisako Matsumoto, Tsuyoshi Oguma, Isao Ito, Hideki Inoue, Toshiyuki Iwata, Tomoko Tajiri, Yoshihiro Kanemitsu, Yumi Izuhara, Chie Morimoto, Yumi Ishiyama, Hironobu Sunadome, Akio Niimi, Toyohiro Hirai
BACKGROUND: Sensitization to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins (SEs) augments eosinophilic inflammation in asthma. Recent epidemiologic studies demonstrate that sensitization to SEs is increased in healthy smokers; however, there is no evidence on the association between sensitization to SEs and eosinophilic inflammation in smokers with asthma. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the role of SEs on clinical indexes, including eosinophilic inflammation and lung function in smokers with asthma...
November 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148128/step-ergometer-training-augmented-with-functional-electrical-stimulation-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-feasibility-study
#8
Candy Tefertiller, Don Gerber
Spinal cord injury (SCI) often results in loss of upright mobility and independence subsequently challenging rehabilitation practitioners for meaningful intervention strategies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and potential impact on walking function of the stimulation and ergometer training protocol (STEP) in chronic SCI. Fourteen individuals with a chronic motor incomplete SCI (>1-year post injury) were enrolled in the study. The intervention consisted of a 12-week walking training program delivered three times per week from 20 up to 45 min in combination with 10 channels of FES on a step ergometer...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147952/gemigliptin-a-novel-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-inhibitor-exerts-a-synergistic-cytotoxicity-with-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-pxd101-in-thyroid-carcinoma-cells
#9
S H Kim, J G Kang, C S Kim, S-H Ihm, M G Choi, H J Yoo, S J Lee
PURPOSE: The influence of the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitor gemigliptin alone or in combination with the histone deacetylase inhibitor PXD101 on survival of thyroid carcinoma cells was investigated. METHODS: SW1736, TPC-1, 8505C and BCPAP human thyroid carcinoma cells were used. To assess cell survival, cell viability, the percentage of viable cells and dead cells, cytotoxic activity, ATP levels and FACS analysis were measured. To validate the impact of gemigliptin combined with PXD101, the interactions were estimated by obtaining combination index in cells treated with two agents...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147697/role-of-spin-orbit-interaction-on-the-nonlinear-optical-response-of-cspbco3f-using-dft
#10
E Narsimha Rao, G Vaitheeswaran, Ali H Reshak, S Auluck
We explore the effect of spin-orbit interaction (SOI) on the electronic and optical properties of CsPbCO3F using the full potential linear augmented plane wave method with the density functional theory (DFT) approach. CsPbCO3F is known for its high powder second harmonic generation (SHG) coefficient (13.4 times (d36 = 0.39 pm V(-1)) that of KH2PO4 (KDP)). Calculations are done for many exchange correlation (XC) potentials. After the inclusion of SOI, the calculated Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson (TB-mBJ) band gap of 5...
November 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143462/evaluation-of-immediate-implants-augmented-with-autogenous-bone-melatonin-composite-graft-in-the-esthetic-zone-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Hala H A Hazzaa, Naglaa Sh El-Kilani, Shadia Abd-Elhameed Elsayed, Phoebe M Abd El Massieh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes following the application of autogenous bone (ABG)/melatonin composite graft around immediate implants in the esthetic zone compared to ABG alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients with two nonrestorable anterior/premolar teeth were randomly classified into two equal groups. Dental implants were immediately inserted either with ABG (control group) or ABG/melatonin (test group). Outcome measures were peri-implant sulcus depth (PD), gingival index (GI), and wound healing scores...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143384/enhanced-ventricular-arterial-coupling-during-a-2-year-physical-activity-program-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#12
Philip Sarajlic, Cecilia Fridén, Lars H Lund, Aristomenis Manouras, Ashwin Venkateshvaran, Susanna C Larsson, Birgitta Nordgren, Christina H Opava, Ingrid E Lundberg, Magnus Bäck
OBJECTIVE: To establish how guided physical activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) without known cardiovascular disease affected vascular and cardiac function, and how these two entities were prospectively interconnected in this patient group. METHODS: Prospective substudy of 29 participants in the Physical Activity in RA (PARA) 2010 trial. All subjects were examined at baseline, at year 1 and 2 with measures of pulse wave velocity and arterial augmentation index, as well as echocardiographic evaluation of diastolic parameters and ventricular-arterial coupling...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129253/rationale-of-a-novel-study-design-for-the-bioflow-v-study-a-prospective-randomized-multicenter-study-to-assess-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-orsiro-sirolimus-eluting-coronary-stent-system-using-a-bayesian-approach
#13
Gheorghe Doros, Joseph M Massaro, David E Kandzari, Ron Waksman, Jacques J Koolen, Donald E Cutlip, Laura Mauri
BACKGROUND: Traditional study design submitted to the Food and Drug Administration to test newer drug-eluting stents (DES) for marketing approval is the prospective randomized controlled trial. However, several DES have extensive clinical data from trials conducted outside the United States that have led to utilization of a novel design using the Bayesian approach. This design was proposed for testing DES with bioresorbable polymer compared with DES most commonly in use today that use durable polymers for drug elution...
November 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126178/the-impact-of-intradialytic-pedaling-exercise-on-arterial-stiffness-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-hemodialysis-population
#14
Alexandra B Cooke, Vincent Ta, Sameena Iqbal, Yessica-Haydee Gomez, Thomas Mavrakanas, Paul Barré, Murray Vasilevsky, Elham Rahme, Stella S Daskalopoulou
Objectives: Regular exercise is known to reduce arterial stiffness (AS) in hemodialysis patients. However, the impact of a more realistic intradialytic form of exercise, such as pedaling, is unclear. We aimed to examine 1) the effect of intradialytic pedaling exercise on AS over 4 months, and 2) the longer-term effect of pedaling on AS 4 months after exercise cessation. Methods: Patients on stable in-center hemodialysis (3x/week) were randomly assigned 1:1 to either intradialytic pedaling exercise (EX) or to a control group receiving usual hemodialysis (nonEX) for 4 months...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124853/intracorporeal-robotic-assisted-radical-cystectomy-together-with-an-enhanced-recovery-programme-improves-postoperative-outcomes-by-aggregating-marginal-gains
#15
Wei Shen Tan, Mae-Yen Tan, Benjamin W Lamb, Ashwin Sridhar, Anna Mohammed, Hilary Baker, Senthil Nathan, Timothy Briggs, Melanie Tan, John D Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cumulative effect of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway and a minimally invasive RARC with intracorporeal urinary diversion (iRARC) in comparison to open radical cystectomy (ORC) on hospital length of stay (LOS) and perioperative outcomes. MATERIALS & METHODS: Between Feb 2009 and Oct 2017, 304 radical cystectomy cases were performed at a single institution (54 ORC, 250 RARC). Data were prospectively collected. We identified 45 consecutive ORC cases performed without ERAS before the commencement of the RARC programme (Cohort A), 50 consecutive iRARC cases performed without ERAS (Cohort B) and 40 iRARC cases with ERAS (Cohort C)...
November 10, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124680/the-antiepileptic-drug-levetiracetam-protects-against-quinolinic-acid-induced-toxicity-in-the-rat-striatum
#16
Maricela Dircio-Bautista, Ana Laura Colín-González, Gabriela Aguilera, Marisol Maya-López, Juana Villeda-Hernández, Sonia Galván-Arzate, Esperanza García, Isaac Túnez, Abel Santamaría
Levetiracetam (LVT) is a relatively novel antiepileptic drug (AED) known to act through binding with the synaptic vesicular 2A (SV2A) protein, thus modulating the presynaptic neurotransmitter release. The tryptophan metabolite quinolinic acid (QUIN) acts as an excitotoxin when its brain concentrations reach toxic levels under pathological conditions. Since increased neuronal excitability induced by QUIN recruits degenerative events in the brain, and novel AED is also expected to exert neuroprotective effects in their pharmacological profiles, in this work the effect of LVT (54 mg/kg, i...
November 9, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123428/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-a-severe-refractory-crohn-s-disease-patient-with-intestinal-stoma-a-case-report
#17
Milton Artur Ruiz, Roberto Luiz Kaiser Junior, Luiz Gustavo de Quadros, Gustavo Henrique Xavier Caseiro, Aderson Francisco Oliveira, Tatiana Peña-Arciniegas, Lilian Piron-Ruiz, Fernanda Soubhia Liedtke Kaiser, Vera Lucia Oliveira
Background: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can be used in the treatment of patients with refractory Crohn's disease (CD) when no alternative treatment is available. However, HSCT increases the risk of infections, in particular during the aplasia of mobilization and conditioning. Moreover, intestinal stomas in CD augment the risk of morbidity in immunocompromised patients and under aplastic conditions. The objective of this report was to describe the results of the first year after HSCT in a CD patient with an intestinal stoma...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122571/360%C3%A2-operative-videos-a-randomised-cross-over-study-evaluating-attentiveness-and-information-retention
#18
Cuan M Harrington, Dara O Kavanagh, Gemma Wright Ballester, Athena Wright Ballester, Patrick Dicker, Oscar Traynor, Arnold Hill, Sean Tierney
OBJECTIVE: Although two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional videos have traditionally provided foundations for reviewing operative procedures, the recent 360º format may provide new dimensions to surgical education. This study sought to describe the production of a high quality 360º video for an index-operation (augmented with educational material), while evaluating for variances in attentiveness, information retention, and appraisal compared to 2D. DESIGN: A 6-camera synchronised array (GoPro Omni, [California, United States]) was suspended inverted and recorded an elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 2016...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121871/predictive-abilities-of-cardiovascular-biomarkers-to-rapid-decline-of-renal-function-in-chinese-community-dwelling-population-a-5-year-prospective-analysis
#19
Shihui Fu, Chunling Liu, Leiming Luo, Ping Ye
BACKGROUND: Predictive abilities of cardiovascular biomarkers to renal function decline are more significant in Chinese community-dwelling population without glomerular filtration rate (GFR) below 60 ml/min/1.73m(2), and long-term prospective study is an optimal choice to explore this problem. Aim of this analysis was to observe this problem during the follow-up of 5 years. METHODS: In a large medical check-up program in Beijing, there were 948 participants with renal function evaluated at baseline and follow-up of 5 years...
November 9, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120994/inhaled-corticosteroids-in-asthma-promoting-or-protecting-against-atherosclerosis
#20
Michał Podgórski, Maciej Kupczyk, Piotr Grzelak, Małgorzata Bocheńska-Marciniak, Michał Polguj, Piotr Kuna, Ludomir Stefańczyk
BACKGROUND Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory system. However, it may also induce systemic effects. Although reports suggest patients with asthma are at increased risk of cardiovascular events, the association between asthma and atherosclerosis is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare the progression of atherosclerosis between patients with asthma treated with inhaled corticosteroids and healthy controls. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 102 adult patients with asthma, markers of arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity and augmentation index) were evaluated by applanation tonometry...
November 9, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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