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Fluorescent cystoscopy

Heather Katz, Rahoma E Saad, Krista Denning, Toni O Pacioles
Metastatic esophageal adenocarcinoma to the urinary bladder is extremely rare. We describe a previously healthy 49-year-old female with recent diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction with metastatic disease to the liver. Biopsy was positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) by Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH). She received six cycles of Cisplatin, 5-Fluorouracil, and Herceptin and subsequently developed symptomatic anemia and hematuria. Cystoscopy with retroflexion was performed and she received a transurethral resection of bladder tumor with fulguration...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Tianhai Lin, Zhenhua Liu, Liangren Liu, Lu Yang, Ping Han, Peng Zhang, Qiang Wei
Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is the most common type of cancer of the bladder and upper urinary tract, and is characterized by a high risk of recurrence and progression. Urine fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a technique that detects genetic aberrations in exfoliated cells in the urine, with specific probes for chromosomes 3, 7 and 17 and the p16 gene. To evaluate the diagnostic value of FISH in UC, 119 patients from November 2010 to June 2012 with suspected UC were recruited into a prospective, cross-sectional study and were followed up for 12-30 months...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
Yair Lotan, Paul OʼSullivan, Jay D Raman, Sharokh F Shariat, Laimonis Kavalieris, Chris Frampton, Parry Guilford, Carthika Luxmanan, James Suttie, Henry Crist, Douglas Scherr, Scott Asroff, Evan Goldfischer, Jeffrey Thill, David Darling
OBJECTIVE: Patients with urothelial carcinoma (UC) undergo rigorous surveillance for recurrence. Noninvasive urine tests are not currently recommended by guideline panels owing to insufficient clinical benefit. The objective of this study was to prospectively compare the performance of the Cxbladder Monitor test to other commonly available urine markers and cytology for surveillance of patients with UC. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 1,036 urine samples were collected from 803 patients undergoing surveillance for UC...
March 30, 2017: Urologic Oncology
Eugene J Pietzak
Photodynamic diagnostic technique with blue light cystoscopy (BLC) takes advantage of the preferential uptake and accumulation of protoporphyrins in neoplastic tissue which emit a red fluorescence when illuminated with blue light (360-450 nm wavelengths). This allows enhanced visualization of small papillary tumors and flat carcinoma in situ lesions that might have been missed on white light cystoscopy (WLC). There is compelling evidence that the ability of BLC to detect these additional tumors translates into improved recurrence rates compared to WLC...
May 2017: Current Urology Reports
Lars R Lindvold, Gregers G Hermann
Photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) of bladder tumour tissue significantly improves endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancer in rigid cystoscopes in the operating theatre and thus reduces tumour recurrence. PDD comprises the use of blue light, which unfortunately excites green fluorescence from urine. As this green fluorescence confounds the desired red fluorescence of the PDD, methods for avoiding this situation particularly in cystoscopy using flexible cystoscopes are desirable. In this paper we demonstrate how a tailor made high power LED light source at 525 nm can be used for fluorescence assisted tumour detection using both a flexible and rigid cystoscope used in the outpatient department (OPD) and operating room (OR) respectively...
November 14, 2016: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
Carla L Ellis, Lara R Harik, Cynthia Cohen, Adeboye O Osunkoya
Urologic pathology is evolving rapidly. Emerging trends include the expanded diagnostic utility of biomarkers and molecular testing, as well as adapting to the plethora of technical advances occurring in genitourinary oncology, surgical practice, and imaging. We illustrate those trends by highlighting our approach to the diagnostic workup of a few selected disease entities that pathologists may encounter, including newly recognized subtypes of renal cell carcinoma, pheochromocytoma, and prostate cancer, some of which harbor a distinctive chromosomal translocation, gene loss, or mutation...
April 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Ajay Gopalakrishna, Joseph J Fantony, Thomas A Longo, Richmond Owusu, Wen-Chi Foo, Rajesh Dash, Brian T Denton, Brant A Inman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish the criteria defining an anticipatory positive test for bladder cancer. METHODS: We reviewed all patients at our institution who underwent urine cytology or UroVysion fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and cystoscopy from 2003 to 2012. Test performance and cancer anticipation was assessed using generalized linear mixed models, mixed-effects proportional hazards models, and cumulative incidence curves using tests performed within 30 days of each other as well as within a lag time of 1 year...
January 10, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Johannes Mischinger, Lutz Philipp Guttenberg, Jörg Hennenlotter, Georgios Gakis, Stefan Aufderklamm, Steffen Rausch, Eva Neumann, Jens Bedke, Stefan Kruck, Christian Schwentner, Arnulf Stenzl, Tilman Todenhöfer
PURPOSE: Urine fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has become a broadly used marker for noninvasive detection of bladder cancer (BC). However, it has been discussed whether the interpretation algorithm proposed by the manufacturer could be improved. Aim of the present study was to compare alternative evaluation strategies of FISH for detection of BC. METHODS: We included 1048 patients suspicious for BC, who underwent urine FISH examination before cystoscopy (diagnostic cohort)...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Roger Chou, Shelley Selph, David I Buckley, Rongwei Fu, Jessica C Griffin, Sara Grusing, John L Gore
PURPOSE: We systematically reviewed the comparative effectiveness of fluorescent vs white light cystoscopy on bladder cancer clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic literature searches of Ovid MEDLINE® (January 1990 through September 2015), Cochrane databases and reference lists were performed. A total of 14 randomized trials of fluorescent cystoscopy using 5-aminolevulinic acid or hexaminolevulinic acid vs white light cystoscopy for the diagnosis of initial or recurrent bladder cancer that reported bladder cancer recurrence, progression, mortality and harms were selected for review...
March 2017: Journal of Urology
Alexander I Rolevich, Alexander G Zhegalik, Andrey A Mokhort, Alexander A Minich, Vladimir Yu Vasilevich, Sergey L Polyakov, Sergey A Krasny, Oleg G Sukonko
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of two treatment options for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC): (1) transurethral resection (TUR) guided by fluorescence cystoscopy (FC) with the use of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and (2) single early instillation of doxorubicin in a single-center open-label prospective randomized study with a 2 × 2 factorial design. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with clinical suspicion of primary or recurrent NMIBC were randomized into four study arms: FC-assisted TUR with 5-ALA and single instillation of doxorubicin, FC-assisted TUR without instillation, TUR in white light (WL) with single instillation of doxorubicin, and WL-TUR only...
May 2017: World Journal of Urology
Anna Kołodziej, Wojciech Krajewski, Michał Matuszewski, Krzysztof Tupikowski
INTRODUCTION: Urinary bladder urothelial cell carcinoma is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in Europe. After prostate, lung and colon cancers, bladder cancer rates as the fourth most common cancer in men in the world. Urinary bladder cancer detection, treatment, and staging have traditionally been based on an endoscopic examination - cystoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A Medline, and Web of Science database search was performed on September 2015 without setting time limits, using the terms 'bladder cancer' in conjunction with 'cystoscopy', 'diagnosis', 'detection', 'fluorescence', 'blue-light', 'PDD', 'narrow band imaging', 'molecular imaging', 'optical coherence tomography' or 'confocal laser endomicroscopy'...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
Ajay Gopalakrishna, Thomas A Longo, Joseph J Fantony, Richmond Owusu, Wen-Chi Foo, Rajesh Dash, Brant A Inman
BACKGROUND: Spectrum effects refer to the phenomenon that test performance varies across subgroups of a population. When spectrum effects occur during diagnostic testing for cancer, difficult patient misdiagnoses can occur. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of test indication, age, gender, race, and smoking status on the performance characteristics of two commonly used diagnostic tests for bladder cancer, urine cytology and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). METHODS: We assessed all subjects who underwent cystoscopy, cytology, and FISH at our institution from 2003 to 2012...
June 13, 2016: BMC Urology
Xiaofeng Yang, Fan Zhang, Junqian Luo, Jianzhi Pang, Sanhua Yan, Fang Luo, Jiehao Liu, Wei Wang, Yongping Cui, Xixi Su
Bladder cancer is common and widespread, and its incidence is increasing. Many new diagnostic methods combined with state-of-the-art technology have been introduced in cystoscopy to collect real-time images of the bladder mucosa for diagnosis, but often miss inconspicuous early-stage tumors. Fluorophore-labeled peptides with high sensitivity and specificity for cancer would be a desirable tool for the detection and treatment of tiny or residual bladder tumors. Phage display and the human non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer cell line BIU-87 were used to identify a peptide...
July 2016: Oncology Reports
Cheng Pang, Youyan Guan, Hongbo Li, Wanqing Chen, Gang Zhu
Cancer remains to be the second most common cause of death, and its incidence and mortality rates are increasing in China. According to the 2015 National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR) of China, the incidence of bladder cancer and prostate cancer ranked sixth and seventh, respectively, in male cancers. The majority of prostate cancer patients were diagnosed at an advanced stage. Early diagnosis of prostate cancer is the key to improve prostate cancer survival in China. Radical prostatectomy or radical radiotherapy is the main treatment for localized prostate cancer, and a comprehensive therapy based on androgen deprivation therapy is the treatment for advanced disease...
June 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Savino M Di Stasi, Francesco De Carlo, Vincenzo Pagliarulo, Francesco Masedu, Cristian Verri, Francesco Celestino, Claus Riedl
Clinical trials have shown that hexaminolevulinate (HAL) fluorescence cystoscopy improves the detection of bladder tumors compared with standard white-light cystoscopy, resulting in more efficacious treatment. However, some recent meta-analyses report controversially on recurrence-free rates with this procedure. A systematic review of literature was performed from December 2014 to January 2015 using the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases for controlled trials on photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) with HAL. A total of 154 publications were found up to January 2015...
December 2015: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
Ayman Soubra, Michael C Risk
INTRODUCTION: Nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is the most common presentation of bladder cancer and is often treatable with endoscopic resection and intravesical therapies. Cystoscopy and urine cytology are the gold standard in diagnosis and surveillance but are limited by their sensitivity in some situations. We seek to provide an overview of recent additions to the diagnostic armamentarium for urologists treating this disease. METHODS: Articles were identified through a literature review of articles obtained through PubMed searches including the terms "bladder cancer" and various diagnostic techniques described in the article...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
Ziho Lee, Joshua Kaplan, Laura Giusto, Daniel Eun
Iatrogenic ureteral injuries, more than half of which occur during gynecologic surgery, may have devastating consequences for both patients and physicians. Gynecologists have employed various techniques such as cystoscopy, ureteral stents, and lighted ureteral stents to prevent ureteral injuries. The emergence and increasing prevalence of robotic surgery necessitates that we not only reevaluate the utility of these techniques, but also develop new ones specific for the robotic modality. In the robotic setting, the surgeon lacks tactile feedback and must rely primarily on visual cues...
May 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
N T Gaisa, K Lindemann-Docter
Cytology in uropathological diagnostics is mainly performed for oncological purposes. The assessment of malignancy by urothelial cell morphology is therefore decisive; however, cytology is only sensitive enough to detect high-grade tumor cells and the different low-grade tumors cannot be reliably diagnosed. Thus, the four-tier classification system of cytological findings (i.e. negative, atypical cells but significance uncertain, suspicious and positive) refers to high-grade tumor cells only. Furthermore, for valid cytological diagnostics not only the cytological specimen but also clinical information on cystoscopy findings and, if applicable, a biopsy should be evaluated together...
November 2015: Der Pathologe
Hideo Fukuhara, Mitsuhiro Kureishi, Takeo Khoda, Katsushi Inoue, Tohru Tanaka, Kohei Iketani, Masahiro Orita, Keiji Inoue, Taro Shuin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic value of a new photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) system using 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) for the diagnosis of bladder tumors. To validate whether false-positive findings caused by tangent effects in PDD can be resolved, we compared diagnostic accuracies between the new PDD system and a conventional PDD system. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among 30 transurethral bladder biopsies, 15 cases received ALA-PDD using rigid fluorescence cystoscopy (conventional PDD system), and flexible fluorescence cystoscopy with a twin mode monitor (new PDD system) was used in a separate set of 15 cases...
2015: PloS One
Zoltan Farkas Kispal, Daniel Kardos, Tamas Jilling, Laszlo Kereskai, Marla Isaacs, Daniel L Balogh, Andrew B Pinter, Holger Till, Peter Vajda
INTRODUCTION: Bladder augmentation is widely used to treat otherwise unmanageable urinary incontinence. However, it is associated with a large number of complications, of which tumor formation is the most severe. Mucin proteins and MUC genes are linked, among others, to malignancies of the urinary bladder and the gastrointestinal system. OBJECTIVE: To investigate histological alterations as well as changes in expression of MUC1 and MUC2 genes and proteins following different types of urinary bladder augmentation or substitution performed in children and adolescents...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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