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Direct veneer

Fernanda Campos, Rodrigo Oa Souza, Marco A Bottino, Mutlu Özcan
The required connector dimension for zirconia fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) may be a clinical limitation due to limited space in the occlusogingival direction. Using no veneering in the gingival regions of the pontics and connectors may solve this problem. This study evaluated the mechanical durability of zirconia FDPs with and without veneering in the gingival area of the connectors and pontics and subsequent air abrasion of this region with different protocols. Models were made of resin abutments (diameter = 6 or 8 mm, height = 6 mm, 6 degrees convergence) and embedded in polyurethane resin (distance = 11 mm)...
November 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Vinicius P Fardin, Vitor Guarconi de Paula, Estevam A Bonfante, Paulo G Coelho, Gerson Bonfante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fatigue life of zirconia-veneered and metal-ceramic crowns comprised by an even thickness or a modified framework design when loaded on marginal ridges. METHODS: Eighty marginal ridges were present after fabrication of forty molar crowns cemented onto composite-resin replicas and divided (n=20/each), in the following groups: metal-ceramic with even thickness (MCev) or with a modified framework design (MCm, lingual collar with proximal struts); porcelain-fused to zirconia with even thickness (PFZev) or with the modified framework design (PFZm)...
September 30, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Yu-Tao Jian, Tian-Yu Tang, Michael V Swain, Xiao-Dong Wang, Ke Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of core ceramic grinding on the fracture behaviour of bilayered zirconia under two loading schemes. METHODS: Interfacial surfaces of sandblasted zirconia disks (A) were ground with 80 (B), 120 (C) and 220 (D) grit diamond discs, respectively. Surface roughness and topographic analysis were performed using a confocal scanning laser microscope (CSLM) and a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Relative monoclinic content was evaluated using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) then reevaluated after simulated veneer firing...
September 29, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Anders Ekfeldt, Björn Fürst, Gunnar E Carlsson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical outcome of custom-made zirconia abutments for implant-supported single-tooth restorations 10-11 years after insertion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprises a clinical examination of 23 patients with 30 restorations placed 10-11 years ago. Oral surgeons placed the implants. The prosthodontic treatment was provided at a prosthodontic specialist clinic. The restoration was either an all-ceramic crown for cementation or a screw-retained one-piece restoration with the veneering porcelain baked directly to the zirconia abutment...
September 24, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Marc Kvansakul, Fung T Lay, Christopher G Adda, Prem K Veneer, Amy A Baxter, Thanh Kha Phan, Ivan K H Poon, Mark D Hulett
Defensins are cationic antimicrobial peptides that serve as important components of host innate immune defenses, often by targeting cell membranes of pathogens. Oligomerization of defensins has been linked to their antimicrobial activity; however, the molecular basis underpinning this process remains largely unclear. Here we show that the plant defensin NsD7 targets the phospholipid phosphatidic acid (PA) to form oligomeric complexes that permeabilize PA-containing membranes. The crystal structure of the NsD7-PA complex reveals a striking double helix of two right-handed coiled oligomeric defensin fibrils, the assembly of which is dependent upon the interaction with PA at the interface between NsD7 dimers...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yong-Keun Lee
Human tooth enamel is opalescent, which renders teeth bluish in reflected and orange in transmitted color. The aim was to review opalescent property of teeth and application and mimetic reproduction in esthetic restorations. A PubMed search for articles published in English till 2015 on the opalescence of teeth and esthetic materials revealed 29 relevant papers. Opalescence was measured with OP-RT index, which was calculated as the difference in the yellow-blue and red-green color coordinates between the reflected and transmitted colors...
August 20, 2016: Dental Materials Journal
Mirco Vadini, Maurizio D'Amario, Francesco De Angelis, Antonello Falco, Camillo D'Arcangelo
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic options for dental trauma depend on the injuries' features. For patients with uncomplicated tooth fractures, adhesive materials and composite partial veneers may be a therapeutic solution that completely preserves healthy tooth structure. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: An ultra-conservative approach, using indirect composite partial veneers to restore fractured anterior teeth is described in these case reports. CONCLUSION: Despite the position of the finish line in the middle of the clinical crown, this solution offers functional and esthetic outcomes using an indirect composite technique, and appears to be a suitable alternative to direct composite restorations or less conservative indirect veneers...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Donald L Roberts, Ben F Warner, Dan A Bentley, Ryan L Quock
The esthetic management of enamel dysplasia presents an opportunity for the practitioner to integrate expertise in diagnosis, biomaterials, and technique. In addition to considerations of appearance, careful attention must be paid to occlusal function and restorative material properties. This case report highlights a combined approach of conservative lithium disilicate indirect restorations and composite resin direct veneers to electively restore the anterior teeth of a patient diagnosed with idiopathic enamel hypoplasia...
May 2016: General Dentistry
Radhakrishnan Prabhu, Geetha Prabhu, Eswaran Baskaran, Eswaran M Arumugam
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: In recent years, direct metal laser sintered (DMLS) metal-ceramic-based fixed partial denture prostheses have been used as an alternative to conventional metal-ceramic fixed partial denture prostheses. However, clinical studies for evaluating their long-term clinical survivability and acceptability are limited. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of metal-ceramic fixed dental prosthesis fabricated with DMLS technique, and its clinical acceptance on long-term clinical use...
April 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Stefan Krennmair, Michael Weinländer, Michael Malek, Thomas Forstner, Gerald Krennmair, Michael Stimmelmayr
PURPOSE: This prospective study evaluated the clinical and radiographic outcome of distally cantilevered 4-implant-supported fixed mandibular prostheses (4-ISFMP) with distal implants either in axial or distally tilted direction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-one mandibulary edentulous patients received acrylic veneered 4-ISFMP with casted framework. Based on distal implant placement direction patients were assigned to 2 groups: 21 patients with four (2 anterior/2 posterior) axial implants (axial-group I) and 20 patients with 2 anterior axial/2 distal tilted implants (tilted-group II)...
April 28, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Carina B Tanaka, Hossam Harisha, Marta Baldassarri, Mark S Wolff, Hui Tong, Josete B C Meira, Yu Zhang
The main complications of zirconia-based laminated systems are chipping and delamination of veneering porcelain, which has been found to be directly associated with the development of residual thermal stresses in the porcelain layer. This study investigates the effects of cooling rate and specimen geometry on the residual stress states in porcelain-veneered zirconia structures. Bilayers of three different shapes (bars, semi-cylindrical shells, and arch-cubic structures) with 1.5 mm and 0.7 mm thickness of dentin porcelain and zirconia framework, respectively, were subjected to two cooling protocols: slow cooling (SC) at 32 °C/min and extremely-slow cooling (XSC) at 2 °C/min...
May 15, 2016: Ceramics International
Mauro Elias Mesko, Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci, Niek Johannes Opdam, Bas Loomans, Tatiana Pereira-Cenci
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the treatment performance/longevity of dental materials/techniques indicated to restore teeth with severe wear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to select retrospective studies (cohort and case series) and prospective studies that evaluated or compared techniques/materials to restore teeth with severe wear. A search was conducted in Medline (via Pubmed - June 2015) with no limits for publication year or language to identify clinical studies...
May 2016: Journal of Dentistry
X Liu, Y Zhang, Z Zhou, S Ma
AIMS: This retrospective study evaluated the clinical performance of combining a fiber-reinforced, composite-resin (FRC) bonded splint; bridge; fiber post; and/or resin veneer for the restoration of periodontally-involved anterior teeth. METHODS: Sixty-three patients with periodontally-involved anterior teeth each received one of the following splinting restorations: FRC-bonded splint-bridges (SB), a combination of an FRC-bonded splint and resin veneer (SV), or FRC-bonded splints (S)...
March 11, 2016: British Dental Journal
Guido Migliau, Laith Konstantinos Besharat, Afrah Ali Abdullah Sofan, Eshrak Ali Abdullah Sofan, Umberto Romeo
AIM: Re-establishing a patient's lost dental aesthetic appearance is one of the most important topics for contemporary dentistry. New treatment materials and methods have been coming on the scene, day by day, in order to achieve such an aim. Most dentists prefer more conservative and aesthetic approaches, such as direct or indirect veneer restorations, instead of full-ceramic crowns for anteriors where aesthetics is really important. The aim of the study is to evaluate clinically the effectiveness of a direct composite veneering system in resolving aesthetic problem of an upper incisor with a multidisciplinary treatment approach...
July 2015: Annali di Stomatologia
Zi-Xiang Chen, Qiong Lei, Rui-Lin He, Zhong-Feng Zhang, Ahmed Jalal Khan Chowdhury
In this review, the characteristics and applications of structural laminated veneer lumber made from planted forest wood is introduced, and its preparation is explained, including various tree species and slab qualities, treatments for multiple effects and reinforced composites. The relevant factors in the bonding technology and pressing processes as well as the mechanical properties, research direction and application prospects of structural laminated veneer lumber made from planted forest wood are discussed...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Ronauk Singh, Arvind Tripathi, R K Dhiman, Dinesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Resin materials used in the fabrication of direct provisional restoration exhibit an exothermic reaction and the extent of damage may also depend on the remaining dentine thickness. An ex-vivo study was envisaged to compare the time related temperature changes in the pulp chamber during the fabrication of fixed partial denture provisional restorations using direct technique. The effect of differently prepared teeth (with varying remaining dentine thickness) on the above mentioned temperature changes were also evaluated...
December 2015: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
S Shibata, Cmc Taguchi, R Gondo, S C Stolf, L N Baratieri
The aim of this article is to present two case reports for the treatment of patients affected with amelogenesis imperfecta. One case was treated with composite resin and the other case with ceramic veneers. Esthetic and functional results were achieved using both treatments, and a review of advantages and disadvantages is presented.
May 2016: Operative Dentistry
John M Wakiaga, Paul Brunton, Nick Silikas, Anne-Marie Glenny, Ashish Gopakumar, Liam Boyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Aishwarya Chatterjee, Mallikarjuna Ragher, Sanket Patil, Debopriya Chatterjee, Savita Dandekeri, Vishnu Prabhu
Two cases are reported with malpositioned implants. Both the implants were placed 6-7 months back. They had osseointegrated well with the surrounding bone. However, they presented severe facial inclination. Case I was restored with custom cast abutment with an auto polymerizing acrylic gingival veneer. Case II was restored with custom cast UCLA type plastic implant abutment. Ceramic was directly fired on the custom cast abutments. The dual treatment strategy resulted in functional and esthetic restorations despite facial malposition of the implants...
August 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
H J Rogers, G Yesudian, H D Rodd
BACKGROUND: Developmental defects of enamel (DDE), such as amelogenesis imperfecta (AI), may present with tooth discolouration that is of aesthetic concern to the affected individual. Children and young people with DDE may therefore seek dental interventions to improve their dental appearance. The most commonly employed approaches include microabrasion, bleaching and/or placement of composite resin veneers. CASE REPORT: A 13-year-old girl with hypomature AI requested treatment for the 'marks' on her teeth which were having a negative impact on her social interactions...
August 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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