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International SOS

David S Fike, Jason Denton, Matt Walk, Jennifer Kish, Ira Gorman
Background: The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has been working toward a vision of increasing professional focus on societal-level health. However, performance of social responsibility and related behaviors by physical therapists remain relatively poorly integrated into practice. Promoting a focus on societal outreach is necessary for all health care professionals to impact the health of their communities. Objective: The objective was to document the validity of the 14-item Societal Outreach Scale (SOS) for use with practicing physical therapists...
April 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
Gisela Mezquida, Bibiana Cabrera, Anabel Martínez-Arán, Eduard Vieta, Miguel Bernardo
The period of subclinical signs that precedes the onset of psychosis is referred to as the prodrome or high-risk mental state. The "Symptom Onset in Schizophrenia (SOS) inventory" is an instrument to characterize and date the initial symptoms of a psychotic illness. The present study aims to provide reliability and validity data for clinical and research use of the Spanish version of the SOS. Thirty-six participants with a first-episode of psychosis meeting DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia/schizoaffective/schizophreniform disorder were administered the translated SOS and other clinical assessments...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
Bum Gun Kwon, Seon-Yong Chung, Seung-Shik Park, Katsuhiko Saido
The objective of this study is to investigate the qualitative contribution of internal and external factors of the area contaminated by polystyrene (PS) in coastal marine environments. This study is based on the extensive results of monitoring the styrene oligomers (SOs) present in sand and seawater samples along various coastlines of the Pacific Ocean. Here, anthropogenic SOs is derived from PS during manufacture and use, and can provide clues about the origin of SOs by PS pollution. The monitoring results showed that, if the concentration of SOs in water is higher than those concentrations in beach sand, this area could be affected by PS plastic caused by an external factor...
March 2018: Environmental Pollution
Lipi Mukherjee, Peng-Wang Zhai, Yongxiang Hu, David M Winker
Polarized radiation fields in a turbid medium are influenced by single-scattering properties of scatterers. It is common that media contain two or more types of scatterers, which makes it essential to properly mix single-scattering properties of different types of scatterers in the vector radiative transfer theory. The vector radiative transfer solvers can be divided into two basic categories: the stochastic and deterministic methods. The stochastic method is basically the Monte Carlo method, which can handle scatterers with different scattering properties explicitly...
May 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Erwin Ista, Harma Te Beest, Joost van Rosmalen, Matthijs de Hoog, Dick Tibboel, Babette van Beusekom, Monique van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Delirium in critically ill children is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder which has gained increased attention from clinicians. Early identification of delirium is essential for successful management. The Sophia Observation withdrawal Symptoms-Paediatric Delirium (SOS-PD) scale was developed to detect Paediatric Delirium (PD) at an early stage. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the measurement properties of the PD component of the SOS-PD scale in critically ill children...
August 23, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
Han-Kyeong Lee, Ji-Hae Kim, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Jae-Hyun Park, Eun-Jung Shim, Eun-Ho Lee, Ji Hyeon Lee, Hong Jin Jeon
The aim of this study was to develop a screening questionnaire that could distinguish individuals at high risk of smartphone overuse from casual users. The reliability, validity, and diagnostic ability of the Smartphone Overuse Screening Questionnaire (SOS-Q) were evaluated. Preliminary items were assessed by 50 addiction experts on-line, and 28 questions were selected. A total of 158 subjects recruited from six community centers for internet addiction participated in this study. The SOS-Q, Young's internet addiction scale, Korean scale for internet addiction, and Smartphone Scale for Smartphone Addiction (S-Scale) were used to assess the concurrent validity...
August 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Rebecca Tucker, Jill R Quinn, Ding-Geng Chen, Leway Chen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) was adapted to be administered to the family caregiver/significant other (FC/SO) of hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF). The objective was to examine the psychometrics of the adapted scale (KCCQ-SO). METHODS: Factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and correlations were used. RESULTS: A 5-factor solution was found that explained 67.9% of the variance. The internal consistency of the KCCQ-SO factors were all greater than ...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
Bryant T Svedin, Allison Payne, Bradley D Bolster, Dennis L Parker
PURPOSE: Implement and evaluate a 3D MRI method to measure temperature changes with high spatial and temporal resolution and large field of view. METHODS: A multiecho pseudo-golden angle stack-of-stars (SOS) sequence with k-space weighted image contrast (KWIC) reconstruction was implemented to simultaneously measure multiple quantities, including temperature, initial signal magnitude M(0), transverse relaxation time ( T2*), and water/fat images. Respiration artifacts were corrected using self-navigation...
March 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Morgan O'Hayre, Kelsie Eichel, Silvia Avino, Xuefeng Zhao, Dana J Steffen, Xiaodong Feng, Kouki Kawakami, Junken Aoki, Karen Messer, Roger Sunahara, Asuka Inoue, Mark von Zastrow, J Silvio Gutkind
The β2 -adrenergic receptor (β2 AR) has provided a paradigm to elucidate how G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) control intracellular signaling, including the discovery that β-arrestins, which bind to ligand-activated GPCRs, are central for GPCR function. We used genome editing, conditional gene deletion, and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to determine the roles of β-arrestin 1 (β-arr1) and β-arr2 in β2 AR internalization, trafficking, and signaling to ERK. We found that only β-arr2 was essential for β2 AR internalization...
June 20, 2017: Science Signaling
Outi Uimari, Nilufer Rahmioglu, Dale R Nyholt, Katy Vincent, Stacey A Missmer, Christian Becker, Andrew P Morris, Grant W Montgomery, Krina T Zondervan
Study question: Do genome-wide association study (GWAS) data for endometriosis provide insight into novel biological pathways associated with its pathogenesis? Summary answer: GWAS analysis uncovered multiple pathways that are statistically enriched for genetic association signals, analysis of Stage A disease highlighted a novel variant in MAP3K4, while top pathways significantly associated with all endometriosis and Stage A disease included several mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-related pathways...
April 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
Sheila Rodríguez-Muñoz, Cristina Corella, Alberto Abarca-Sos, Javier Zaragoza
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) in university students has not been analyzed with specific questionnaires tailored to this population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyse the validity of three PA questionnaires developed on other populations comparing with accelerometer values: counts and moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) calculated with uniaxial and triaxial cut points. METHODS: 145 (92 women) university students from Spain wore an accelerometer GT3X or GTX+ to collect PA data of 7 full days...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
W Yang, Z Fan, Z Deng, J Pang, X Bi, M Fenchel, D Li, B Fraass, B Hakimian, R Reznik, M Bryant, H Sandler, R Tuli
PURPOSE: 4D-MRI based on resorting of 2D-cine-MRI images shows great potential to assess tumor motion more accurately compared to 4D-CT, however, it suffers from low through-plane resolution and stitching artifacts. 4D-MRI based on 3D acquisition results in stitching-artifact-free images with high in-plane and through-plane resolutions. In this study, we report our early clinical experience of a prototype 4D-MRI sequence with 3D stack-of-stars (SOS) trajectory for internal target volume (ITV) definition...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Hsiu-Lin Chen, Wei-Te Lee, Pei-Lun Lee, Po-Len Liu, Rei-Cheng Yang
This study aimed to evaluate changes in tibial bone speed of sound (SOS) over time, in preterm and term infants during infancy, in addition to identifying factors influencing the development of tibial SOS during infancy. Preterm (n = 155) and term (n = 65) infants were enrolled in this study. Tibial bone SOS was measured using quantitative ultrasonography (QUS) on the left tibia of newborn infants after birth (within 7 days), at 1 month old, and then every 2 months until subjects were approximately 12-15 months old...
2016: PloS One
Christina G Wong, Lisa J Rapport, Sarah-Jane Meachen, Robin A Hanks, Mark A Lumley
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Personality has been linked to cognitive appraisal and health outcomes; however, research specific to traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been sparse. Gray's theory of behavioral inhibition system and behavioral activation system (BIS/BAS) offers a neurobiologic view of personality that may be especially relevant to neurobehavioral change associated with TBI. The present study examined theoretical and psychometric issues of using the BIS/BAS scale among adults with TBI as well as BIS/BAS personality correlates of TBI...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Heli Siikamäki, Pia Kivelä, Mikael Fotopoulos, Anu Kantele
BACKGROUND: Although infections represent the most common health problem of travellers abroad, data on morbidity and incidences of various infections are scarce. METHOD: Data on infections of Finnish travellers during 2010-2012 were retrieved from the database of SOS International, an assistance organization covering 95% of Finns requiring aid abroad. The study included 30,086 cases. For incidence calculation, the data were linked to the numbers of Finns visiting these regions during the same period as recorded by the Official Statistics of Finland...
January 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Jason C Immekus, Dean McGee
Student effort on large-scale assessments has important implications on the interpretation and use of scores to guide decisions. Within the United States, English Language Learners (ELLs) generally are outperformed on large-scale assessments by non-ELLs, prompting research to examine factors associated with test performance. There is a gap in the literature regarding the test-taking motivation of ELLs compared to non-ELLs and whether existing measures have similar psychometric properties across groups. The Student Opinion Scale (SOS; Sundre, 2007) was designed to be administered after completion of a large-scale assessment to operationalize students' test-taking motivation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Sylvia van Beugen, Joyce Maas, Antoinette I M van Laarhoven, Tessel E Galesloot, Mike Rinck, Eni S Becker, Peter C M van de Kerkhof, Henriët van Middendorp, Andrea W M Evers
OBJECTIVE: Stigmatization is common in people with chronic skin conditions and may also affect their significant others (SOs). The fast and implicit processing of stigmatization-related stimuli has received little attention in these populations; however, such knowledge may offer indications for new treatment methods. This study aimed to investigate implicit processing of stigmatization-related stimuli in people with skin conditions and their SOs. METHOD: A modified Stroop task and 2 approach-avoidance tasks were administered to participants with chronic skin conditions (alopecia: n = 50 and psoriasis: n = 50); their significant others (alopecia SOs: n = 47 and psoriasis SOs: n = 50); and controls (n = 50)...
August 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Sebastien F M Chastin, Marieke De Craemer, Nanna Lien, Claire Bernaards, Christoph Buck, Jean-Michel Oppert, Julie-Anne Nazare, Jeroen Lakerveld, Grainne O'Donoghue, Michelle Holdsworth, Neville Owen, Johannes Brug, Greet Cardon
BACKGROUND: Ecological models are currently the most used approaches to classify and conceptualise determinants of sedentary behaviour, but these approaches are limited in their ability to capture the complexity of and interplay between determinants. The aim of the project described here was to develop a transdisciplinary dynamic framework, grounded in a system-based approach, for research on determinants of sedentary behaviour across the life span and intervention and policy planning and evaluation...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Selim Corbacioglu, Enric Carreras, Mohamad Mohty, Antonio Pagliuca, Jaap Jan Boelens, Gandhi Damaj, Massimo Iacobelli, Dietger Niederwieser, Eduardo Olavarría, Felipe Suarez, Tapani Ruutu, Leo Verdonck, Robin Hume, Bijan Nejadnik, Chinglin Lai, Giorgia Finetto, Paul Richardson
Hepatic veno-occlusive disease, also called sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (VOD/SOS), is an unpredictable and potentially fatal complication of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) or nontransplantation-associated chemotherapy/radiotherapy. In cases of severe hepatic VOD/SOS, typically defined by associated multiorgan failure (MOF, also known as multiorgan dysfunction), mortality exceeds 80%. Preclinical and early clinical data have provided a rationale for defibrotide treatment in hepatic VOD/SOS. Based on this evidence and in recognition of the dismal prognosis for these patients, defibrotide was made available through an international multicenter compassionate-use program conducted from December 1998 to March 2009...
October 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Myron F Goodman
The simplest forms of mutations, base substitutions, typically have negative consequences, aside from their existential role in evolution and fitness. Hypermutations, mutations on steroids, occurring at frequencies of 10(-2) -10(-4) per base pair, straddle a domain between fitness and death, depending on the presence or absence of regulatory constraints. Two facets of hypermutation, one in Escherichia coli involving DNA polymerase V (pol V), the other in humans, involving activation-induced deoxycytidine deaminase (AID) are portrayed...
July 2016: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
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