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International SOS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832193/postnatal-changes-in-tibial-bone-speed-of-sound-of-preterm-and-term-infants-during-infancy
#1
Hsiu-Lin Chen, Wei-Te Lee, Pei-Lun Lee, Po-Len Liu, Rei-Cheng Yang
This study aimed to evaluate changes in tibial bone speed of sound (SOS) over time, in preterm and term infants during infancy, in addition to identifying factors influencing the development of tibial SOS during infancy. Preterm (n = 155) and term (n = 65) infants were enrolled in this study. Tibial bone SOS was measured using quantitative ultrasonography (QUS) on the left tibia of newborn infants after birth (within 7 days), at 1 month old, and then every 2 months until subjects were approximately 12-15 months old...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831731/behavioral-inhibition-and-activation-systems-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Christina G Wong, Lisa J Rapport, Sarah-Jane Meachen, Robin A Hanks, Mark A Lumley
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Personality has been linked to cognitive appraisal and health outcomes; however, research specific to traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been sparse. Gray's theory of behavioral inhibition system and behavioral activation system (BIS/BAS) offers a neurobiologic view of personality that may be especially relevant to neurobehavioral change associated with TBI. The present study examined theoretical and psychometric issues of using the BIS/BAS scale among adults with TBI as well as BIS/BAS personality correlates of TBI...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773779/a-closer-look-at-travellers-infections-abroad-finnish-nationwide-data-with-incidences-2010-to-2012
#3
Heli Siikamäki, Pia Kivelä, Mikael Fotopoulos, Anu Kantele
BACKGROUND: Although infections represent the most common health problem of travellers abroad, data on morbidity and incidences of various infections are scarce. METHOD: Data on infections of Finnish travellers during 2010 to 2012 were retrieved from the database of SOS International, an assistance organization covering 95% of Finns requiring aid abroad. The study included 30,086 cases. For incidence calculation, the data were linked to the numbers of Finns visiting these regions during the same period as recorded by the Official Statistics of Finland...
October 20, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672375/the-measurement-invariance-of-the-student-opinion-scale-across-english-and-non-english-language-learner-students-within-the-context-of-low-and-high-stakes-assessments
#4
Jason C Immekus, Dean McGee
Student effort on large-scale assessments has important implications on the interpretation and use of scores to guide decisions. Within the United States, English Language Learners (ELLs) generally are outperformed on large-scale assessments by non-ELLs, prompting research to examine factors associated with test performance. There is a gap in the literature regarding the test-taking motivation of ELLs compared to non-ELLs and whether existing measures have similar psychometric properties across groups. The Student Opinion Scale (SOS; Sundre, 2007) was designed to be administered after completion of a large-scale assessment to operationalize students' test-taking motivation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505208/implicit-stigmatization-related-biases-in-individuals-with-skin-conditions-and-their-significant-others
#5
Sylvia van Beugen, Joyce Maas, Antoinette I M van Laarhoven, Tessel E Galesloot, Mike Rinck, Eni S Becker, Peter C M van de Kerkhof, Henriët van Middendorp, Andrea W M Evers
OBJECTIVE: Stigmatization is common in people with chronic skin conditions and may also affect their significant others (SOs). The fast and implicit processing of stigmatization-related stimuli has received little attention in these populations; however, such knowledge may offer indications for new treatment methods. This study aimed to investigate implicit processing of stigmatization-related stimuli in people with skin conditions and their SOs. METHOD: A modified Stroop task and 2 approach-avoidance tasks were administered to participants with chronic skin conditions (alopecia: n = 50 and psoriasis: n = 50); their significant others (alopecia SOs: n = 47 and psoriasis SOs: n = 50); and controls (n = 50)...
August 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421750/the-sos-framework-systems-of-sedentary-behaviours-an-international-transdisciplinary-consensus-framework-for-the-study-of-determinants-research-priorities-and-policy-on-sedentary-behaviour-across-the-life-course-a-dedipac-study
#6
Sebastien F M Chastin, Marieke De Craemer, Nanna Lien, Claire Bernaards, Christoph Buck, Jean-Michel Oppert, Julie-Anne Nazare, Jeroen Lakerveld, Grainne O'Donoghue, Michelle Holdsworth, Neville Owen, Johannes Brug, Greet Cardon
BACKGROUND: Ecological models are currently the most used approaches to classify and conceptualise determinants of sedentary behaviour, but these approaches are limited in their ability to capture the complexity of and interplay between determinants. The aim of the project described here was to develop a transdisciplinary dynamic framework, grounded in a system-based approach, for research on determinants of sedentary behaviour across the life span and intervention and policy planning and evaluation...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397724/defibrotide-for-the-treatment-of-hepatic-veno-occlusive-disease-final-results-from-the-international-compassionate-use-program
#7
Selim Corbacioglu, Enric Carreras, Mohamad Mohty, Antonio Pagliuca, Jaap Jan Boelens, Gandhi Damaj, Massimo Iacobelli, Dietger Niederwieser, Eduardo Olavarría, Felipe Suarez, Tapani Ruutu, Leo Verdonck, Robin Hume, Bijan Nejadnik, Chinglin Lai, Giorgia Finetto, Paul Richardson
Hepatic veno-occlusive disease, also called sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (VOD/SOS), is an unpredictable and potentially fatal complication of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) or nontransplantation-associated chemotherapy/radiotherapy. In cases of severe hepatic VOD/SOS, typically defined by associated multiorgan failure (MOF, also known as multiorgan dysfunction), mortality exceeds 80%. Preclinical and early clinical data have provided a rationale for defibrotide treatment in hepatic VOD/SOS. Based on this evidence and in recognition of the dismal prognosis for these patients, defibrotide was made available through an international multicenter compassionate-use program conducted from December 1998 to March 2009...
October 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273795/better-living-with-hyper-mutation
#8
REVIEW
Myron F Goodman
The simplest forms of mutations, base substitutions, typically have negative consequences, aside from their existential role in evolution and fitness. Hypermutations, mutations on steroids, occurring at frequencies of 10(-2) -10(-4) per base pair, straddle a domain between fitness and death, depending on the presence or absence of regulatory constraints. Two facets of hypermutation, one in Escherichia coli involving DNA polymerase V (pol V), the other in humans, involving activation-induced deoxycytidine deaminase (AID) are portrayed...
July 2016: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110488/inter-domain-tagging-implicates-caveolin-1-in-insulin-receptor-trafficking-and-erk-signaling-bias-in-pancreatic-beta-cells
#9
Tobias Boothe, Gareth E Lim, Haoning Cen, Søs Skovsø, Micah Piske, Shu Nan Li, Ivan R Nabi, Patrick Gilon, James D Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The role and mechanisms of insulin receptor internalization remain incompletely understood. Previous trafficking studies of insulin receptors involved fluorescent protein tagging at their termini, manipulations that may be expected to result in dysfunctional receptors. Our objective was to determine the trafficking route and molecular mechanisms of functional tagged insulin receptors and endogenous insulin receptors in pancreatic beta-cells. METHODS: We generated functional insulin receptors tagged with pH-resistant fluorescent proteins between domains...
May 2016: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002130/transcriptome-analysis-of-escherichia-coli-during-dgtp-starvation
#10
Mark Itsko, Roel M Schaaper
UNLABELLED: Our laboratory recently discovered that Escherichia coli cells starved for the DNA precursor dGTP are killed efficiently (dGTP starvation) in a manner similar to that described for thymineless death (TLD). Conditions for specific dGTP starvation can be achieved by depriving an E. coli optA1 gpt strain of the purine nucleotide precursor hypoxanthine (Hx). To gain insight into the mechanisms underlying dGTP starvation, we conducted genome-wide gene expression analyses of actively growing optA1 gpt cells subjected to hypoxanthine deprivation for increasing periods...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932658/bone-characteristics-anthropometry-and-lifestyle-in-late-adolescents
#11
Márta Szmodis, Edit Bosnyák, Anna Protzner, Gábor Szőts, Emese Trájer, Miklós Tóth
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and adequate calcium intake have favourable influences on the bone status, while body structure and function can be altered with lifestyle changes. The use of portable quantitative ultrasound measurements provides a non-invasive method of evaluating bone characteristics. AIM: To analyze relationships between physical activity, anthropometric variables, milk consumption and bone parameters in late adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subjects were 16-18-year-old athletic and non-athletic adolescents (N = 377)...
2016: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26554859/levels-of-physical-activity-motivation-and-barriers-to-participation-in-university-students
#12
J Sevil, A Práxedes, A Abarca-Sos, F Del Villar, L García-González
AIM: Grounded in self-determination theory and trans-theoretical model applied to exercise, the aim of this study was to analyse the existing relationships between physical activity (PA) carried out by university students, perceived barriers to PA, motivation to PA and stages of change. METHODS: 901 Spanish students took part in the study (408 men and 493 women; M = 22.59; SD = 3.59), who completed the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-3), Scale of Barriers to PA, Stages of Change and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Short Form (IPAQ-SF)...
November 10, 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26520837/influence-of-endurance-running-on-calcaneal-bone-stiffness-in-male-and-female-runners
#13
Beatriz Lara, Juan José Salinero, Jorge Gutiérrez, Francisco Areces, Javier Abián-Vicén, Diana Ruiz-Vicente, César Gallo-Salazar, Fernando Jiménez, Juan Del Coso
PURPOSE: The aim of this investigation was to determine the influence of endurance running on calcaneus bone stiffness in male and female runners. METHODS: A total of 122 marathoners (longer distance runners, men = 101; women = 21) and 81 half-marathon and 10-km runners (shorter distance runners; men = 48; women = 33), competing in an international running event, underwent an ultrasonographic assessment of the right and left calcaneus. Calcaneus bone stiffness was estimated using the measurements of the speed of sound (SOS) and broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA)...
February 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26474906/the-effects-of-gender-and-age-on-the-range-of-the-normal-human-electro-oculogram
#14
Alisa T Thavikulwat, Patrick Lopez, Rafael C Caruso, Brett G Jeffrey
PURPOSE: To define the normal ranges for the slow oscillations (SO) and fast oscillations (FO) of the electro-oculogram (EOG) recorded to International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV) standards. The effects of age and gender on the EOG ranges were examined. METHODS: ISCEV standard SOs and FOs were recorded from 121 subjects (51 % male) aged from 7 to 72 years. Study variables for the SO were dark trough (DT) and light peak (LP) amplitudes (µV), times to DT and LP (min), and the Arden ratio (LP/DT amplitude)...
December 2015: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26348020/spatiotemporal-microbial-single-cell-analysis-using-a-high-throughput-microfluidics-cultivation-platform
#15
Alexander Grünberger, Christopher Probst, Stefan Helfrich, Arun Nanda, Birgit Stute, Wolfgang Wiechert, Eric von Lieres, Katharina Nöh, Julia Frunzke, Dietrich Kohlheyer
Cell-to-cell heterogeneity typically evolves due to a manifold of biological and environmental factors and special phenotypes are often relevant for the fate of the whole population but challenging to detect during conventional analysis. We demonstrate a microfluidic single-cell cultivation platform that incorporates several hundred growth chambers, in which isogenic bacteria microcolonies growing in cell monolayers are tracked by automated time-lapse microscopy with spatiotemporal resolution. The device was not explicitly developed for a specific organism, but has a very generic configuration suitable for various different microbial organisms...
December 2015: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26219837/psychogeriatric-sos-services-on-screen-a-unique-e-health-model-of-psychogeriatric-rural-and-remote-outreach
#16
EDITORIAL
David Burke, Ayse Burke, Jacqueline Huber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26142931/2015-guidelines-for-osteoporosis-in-saudi-arabia-recommendations-from-the-saudi-osteoporosis-society
#17
Yousef Al-Saleh, Riad Sulimani, Shaun Sabico, Hussein Raef, Mona Fouda, Fahad Alshahrani, Mohammad Al Shaker, Basma Al Wahabi, Mir Sadat-Ali, Hanan Al Rayes, Salwa Al Aidarous, Siham Saleh, Fakhr Al Ayoubi, Nasser M Al-Daghri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To provide guidelines for medical professionals in Saudi Arabia regarding osteoporosis. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: A panel of 14 local experts in osteoporosis assembled to provide consensus based on the strength of evidence and expert opinions on osteoporosis treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Saudi Osteoporosis Society (SOS) formed a panel of experts who performed an extensive published studies search to formulate recommendations regarding prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of osteoporosis in Saudi Arabia...
January 2015: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26088387/comparison-of-international-reference-values-for-bone-speed-of-sound-in-pediatric-populations-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
R Rivas-Ruiz, L Méndez-Sánchez, O D Castelán-Martínez, P Clark, J Tamayo, J O Talavera, G Huitrón, J Salmerón-Castro
The aim of this study was to compare international reference values (RV) for tibial and radial speed of sound (SoS) assessed by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) in pediatric populations. These values were compared by age and country of origin in a systematic review with meta-analysis from studies published on QUS (Sunlight Omnisense). A search was carried out in electronic databases. Nine studies with 6963 patients were included in the meta-analysis. For the newborn populations, 3 studies (from Italy, Portugal, and Israel) were used...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26066412/optimization-of-antiproliferative-activity-of-substituted-phenyl-4-2-oxoimidazolidin-1-yl-benzenesulfonates-qsar-and-comfa-analyses
#19
Vijay H Masand, Devidas T Mahajan, Ahmed M Alafeefy, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Nahed N Elsayed
Multiple separate quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) models were built for the antiproliferative activity of substituted Phenyl 4-(2-Oxoimidazolidin-1-yl)-benzenesulfonates (PIB-SOs). A variety of descriptors were considered for PIB-SOs through QSAR model building. Genetic algorithm (GA), available in QSARINS, was employed to select optimum number and set of descriptors to build the multi-linear regression equations for a dataset of PIB-SOs. The best three parametric models were subjected to thorough internal and external validation along with Y-randomization using QSARINS, according to the OECD principles for QSAR model validation...
September 18, 2015: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25954251/how-much-territory-can-a-single-e-coli-cell-control
#20
Ziad W El-Hajj, Elaine B Newman
Bacteria have been traditionally classified in terms of size and shape and are best known for their very small size. Escherichia coli cells in particular are small rods, each 1-2 μ. However, the size varies with the medium, and faster growing cells are larger because they must have more ribosomes to make more protoplasm per unit time, and ribosomes take up space. Indeed, Maaløe's experiments on how E. coli establishes its size began with shifts between rich and poor media. Recently much larger bacteria have been described, including Epulopiscium fishelsoni at 700 μm and Thiomargarita namibiensis at 750 μm...
2015: Frontiers in Microbiology
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