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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706500/executive-functions-do-not-mediate-prospective-relations-between-indices-of-physical-activity-and-academic-performance-the-active-smarter-kids-ask-study
#1
Katrine N Aadland, Yngvar Ommundsen, Eivind Aadland, Kolbjørn S Brønnick, Arne Lervåg, Geir K Resaland, Vegard F Moe
Changes in cognitive function induced by physical activity have been proposed as a mechanism for the link between physical activity and academic performance. The aim of this study was to investigate if executive function mediated the prospective relations between indices of physical activity and academic performance in a sample of 10-year-old Norwegian children. The study included 1,129 children participating in the Active Smarter Kids (ASK) trial, followed over 7 months. Structural equation modeling (SEM) with a latent variable of executive function (measuring inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility) was used in the analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704010/-smarter-medicine-in-ambulatory-care-beliefs-and-practices-of-family-doctors-and-training-of-future-clinicians
#2
Christine Cohidon, Kevin Selby, Jacques Cornuz, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Nicolas Senn
Following an American and then international initiative, the Swiss Society of Internal Medicine launched the « Smarter Medicine » campaign in 2014 with five recommendations of activities to be avoided, focusing on low back pain, antibiotic prescriptions, pre-operative chest x-rays, prostate cancer screening and treatment with proton pump inhibitors. In 2016, 69 % of family physicians reported that they knew the recommendations and levels of agreement were very high. However, physicians reported differences between recommendations in how often they are followed in practice, and there remains room for improvement...
January 25, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696393/secure-service-proxy-a-coap-s-intermediary-for-a-securer-and-smarter-web-of-things
#3
Floris Van den Abeele, Ingrid Moerman, Piet Demeester, Jeroen Hoebeke
As the IoT continues to grow over the coming years, resource-constrained devices and networks will see an increase in traffic as everything is connected in an open Web of Things. The performance- and function-enhancing features are difficult to provide in resource-constrained environments, but will gain importance if the WoT is to be scaled up successfully. For example, scalable open standards-based authentication and authorization will be important to manage access to the limited resources of constrained devices and networks...
July 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691173/successes-and-challenges-in-school-meal-reform-qualitative-insights-from-food-service-directors
#4
Yuka Asada, Margaret Ziemann, Lara Zatz, Jamie Chriqui
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) directed the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to revise school meal standards to increase healthy food offerings. A critical stakeholder in the implementation of standards is Food Service Directors (FSDs). We sought to examine FSDs' perspectives on revised school meal standards to gain insight into successful implementation strategies. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with FSDs (N = 9) from high schools that had achieved HealthierUS Schools Challenge: Smarter Lunchrooms (HUSSC: SL) status...
August 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688924/healthy-preconception-nutrition-and-lifestyle-using-personalized-mobile-health-coaching-is-associated-with-enhanced-pregnancy-chance
#5
Matthijs R van Dijk, Maria P H Koster, Sten P Willemsen, Nicole A Huijgen, Joop S E Laven, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
Periconceptional nutrition and lifestyle are essential in pathogenesis and prevention of most reproductive failures, pregnancy outcome and future health. We aimed to investigate whether personalized mobile health (mHealth) coaching empowers couples contemplating pregnancy to increase healthy behaviour and chances of pregnancy. A survey was conducted among 1053 women and 332 male partners who received individual coaching using the mHealth programme 'Smarter Pregnancy' to change poor nutrition and lifestyle for 26 weeks, depending on pregnancy state and gender...
June 27, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671362/get-smarter-about-brainstorming
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Family Practice Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627227/smarter-sole-survival
#7
Bijan Najafi, Eyal Ron, Ana Enriquez, Ivan Marin, Javad Razjouyan, David G Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: This study examined adherence to alert-based cues for plantar pressure offloading in patients with diabetic foot disease. METHOD AND DESIGN: Participants (n = 17) with in diabetic foot remission (history of neuropathic ulceration) were instructed to wear a smart insole system (the SurroSense Rx, Orpyx Medical Technologies Inc, Calgary, Canada) over a three-month period. This device is designed to cue offloading to manage unprotected sustained plantar pressures in an effort to prevent foot ulceration...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588988/how-prevention-of-violence-in-childhood-builds-healthier-economies-and-smarter-children-in-the-asia-and-pacific-region
#8
Deborah Fry, Stephen Blight
Investments in preventing violence against children in the Asia and Pacific region will bring important social and economic returns that contribute to building the region's 'cognitive capital'. An analysis of burden of violence research in the region is presented to identify the impacts of violence and to demonstrate these returns. Violence is an everyday experience in the lives of many children in the Asia-Pacific, and the toxic stress associated with such routine forms of violence may permanently impact the architecture and chemistry of the developing brain...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587885/destination-bioeconomy-the-path-towards-a-smarter-more-sustainable-future
#9
REVIEW
Joanna Dupont-Inglis, Agnes Borg
Five years following the publication of the EU Bioeconomy Strategy, this article discusses the state of play of the bioeconomy in Europe. Placing specific focus on Industrial Biotech, it outlines ten pragmatic recommendations from BIO-TIC [BIO-TIC, A roadmap to a thriving industrial biotechnology sector in Europe, 2015], an EU FP7 funded project completed in 2015 and coordinated by EuropaBio, comprehensively examining the hurdles to the development of a bioeconomy in Europe, enabled by industrial biotech. These include improving opportunities for feedstock producers within the bioeconomy; investigating the scope for using novel biomass; developing a workforce which can maintain Europe's competitiveness in industrial biotechnology; introducing a long-term, stable and transparent policy and incentive framework to promote the bioeconomy; improving public perception and awareness of industrial biotechnology and bio-based products; identifying, leveraging and building upon EU capabilities for pilot and demonstration facilities; promoting the use of co-products from processing; improving the bioconversion and downstream processing steps; improving access to financing for large-scale biorefinery projects; developing stronger relationships between conventional and non-conventional players...
June 3, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579673/spatial-and-temporal-variations-in-airborne-ambrosia-pollen-in-europe
#10
B Sikoparija, C A Skjøth, S Celenk, C Testoni, T Abramidze, K Alm Kübler, J Belmonte, U Berger, M Bonini, A Charalampopoulos, A Damialis, B Clot, Å Dahl, L A de Weger, R Gehrig, M Hendrickx, L Hoebeke, N Ianovici, A Kofol Seliger, D Magyar, G Mányoki, S Milkovska, D Myszkowska, A Páldy, C H Pashley, K Rasmussen, O Ritenberga, V Rodinkova, O Rybníček, V Shalaboda, I Šaulienė, J Ščevková, B Stjepanović, M Thibaudon, C Verstraeten, D Vokou, R Yankova, M Smith
The European Commission Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action FA1203 "SMARTER" aims to make recommendations for the sustainable management of Ambrosia across Europe and for monitoring its efficiency and cost-effectiveness. The goal of the present study is to provide a baseline for spatial and temporal variations in airborne Ambrosia pollen in Europe that can be used for the management and evaluation of this noxious plant. The study covers the full range of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. distribution over Europe (39°N-60°N; 2°W-45°E)...
2017: Aerobiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543812/acetylacetonatebodipy-biscyclometalated-iridium-iii-complexes-effective-strategy-towards-smarter-fluorescent-photosensitizer-agents
#11
Maria J Ortiz, Eduardo Palao, Rebeca Sola-Llano, Andrea Tabero, Hegoi Manzano, Antonia R Agarrabeitia, Angeles Villanueva, Iñigo López-Arbeloa, Virginia Martinez-Martinez
Biscyclometalated Ir(III) complexes involving BODIPY-based ancillary ligands, where the BODIPY unit is grafted to different chelating cores (acetylacetonate for Ir-1 and Ir-2, and bipyridine for Ir-3) by the BODIPY meso position, have been synthesized and characterized. Complexes having the BODIPY moiety directly grafted to acetylacetonate (Ir-1 and Ir-2) exhibit higher absorption coefficient (ca. ε = 4.46 104 M-1 cm-1 and 3.38 104 M-1cm-1 at 517 nm and 594 nm, respectively), higher moderate-fluorescence emission (ca...
May 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495654/minimally-invasive-surgical-ablation-should-we-ablate-harder-or-smarter
#12
EDITORIAL
David Callans, Ramanan Kumareswaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490605/adhesion-modulation-using-glue-droplet-spreading-in-spider-capture-silk
#13
Gaurav Amarpuri, Ci Zhang, Todd A Blackledge, Ali Dhinojwala
Orb web spiders use sticky capture spiral silk to retain prey in webs. Capture spiral silk is composed of an axial fibre of flagelliform silk covered with glue droplets that are arranged in a beads-on-a-string morphology that allows multiple droplets to simultaneously extend and resist pull off. Previous studies showed that the adhesion of capture silk is responsive to environmental humidity, increasing up to an optimum humidity that varied among different spider species. The maximum adhesion was hypothesized to occur when the viscoelasticity of the glue optimized contributions from glue spreading and bulk cohesion...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467651/n-bodipys-come-into-play-smart-dyes-for-photonic-materials
#14
César Ray, Laura Díaz-Casado, Edurne Avellanal-Zaballa, Jorge Bañuelos, Luis Cerdán, Inmaculada García-Moreno, Florencio Moreno, Beatriz L Maroto, Íñigo López-Arbeloa, Santiago de la Moya
N-BODIPYs (diaminoboron dipyrromethenes) are unveiled as a new family of BODIPY dyes with huge technological potential. Synthetic access to these systems has been gained through a judicious design focused on stabilizing the involved diaminoboron chelate. Once stabilized, the obtained N-BODIPYs retain the effective photophysical behavior exhibited by other boron-substituted BODIPYs, such as O-BODIPYs. However, key bonding features of nitrogen compared to those of oxygen (enhanced bond valence and different bond directionality) open up new possibilities for functionalizing BODIPYs, allowing an increase in the number of pendant moieties (from two in O-BODIPYs, up to four in N-BODIPYs) near the chromophore and, therefore, greater control of the photophysics...
May 3, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419302/the-posthuman-as-hollow-idol-a-nietzschean-critique-of-human-enhancement
#15
Ciano Aydin
In this paper, the author aims to show that transhumanists are confused about their own conception of the posthuman: transhumanists anticipate radical transformation of the human through technology and at the same time assume that the criteria to determine what is "normal" and what is "enhanced" are univocal, both in our present time and in the future. Inspired by Nietzsche's notion of the Overhuman, the author argues that the slightest "historical and phenomenological sense" discloses copious variations of criteria, both diachronic and synchronic, for what can be considered "normal" and "enhanced...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409090/the-smarter-pilot-study-testing-feasibility-of-real-time-feedback-for-dietary-self-monitoring
#16
Lora E Burke, Yaguang Zheng, Qianheng Ma, Juliet Mancino, India Loar, Edvin Music, Mindi Styn, Linda Ewing, Brian French, Dan Sieworek, Asim Smailagic, Susan M Sereika
Self-monitoring (SM) of food intake is central to weight loss treatment. Technology makes it possible to reinforce this behavior change strategy by providing real-time feedback (FB) tailored to the diary entry. To test the feasibility of providing 1-4 daily FB messages tailored to dietary recordings via a smartphone, we conducted a 12-week pilot randomized clinical trial in Pittsburgh, PA in US in 2015. We compared 3 groups: SM using the Lose It! smartphone app (Group 1); SM + FB (Group 2); and SM + FB + attending three in-person group sessions (Group 3)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381476/moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-but-not-sedentary-time-predicts-changes-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-10-y-old-children-the-active-smarter-kids-study
#17
Turid Skrede, Mette Stavnsbo, Eivind Aadland, Katrine N Aadland, Sigmund A Anderssen, Geir K Resaland, Ulf Ekelund
Background: Cross-sectional data have suggested an inverse relation between physical activity and cardiometabolic risk factors that is independent of sedentary time. However, little is known about which subcomponent of physical activity may predict cardiometabolic risk factors in youths.Objective: We examined the independent prospective associations between objectively measured sedentary time and subcomponents of physical activity with individual and clustered cardiometabolic risk factors in healthy children aged 10 y...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319656/the-role-of-pulses-in-sustainable-and-healthy-food-systems
#18
REVIEW
John McDermott, Amanda J Wyatt
Improving nutrition is a development priority, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Africa and South Asia, in which there is a persistent burden of undernutrition and increasing obesity. Healthy food systems can play a necessary role, aligned with other multisectoral actions, in addressing this challenge. Contributing to improved nutrition and health outcomes through food-based solutions is complex. In considering the role that pulses can play in addressing this challenge, there are useful conceptual frameworks and emerging lessons...
March 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306149/medicare-access-and-chip-reauthorization-act-what-do-geriatrics-healthcare-professionals-need-to-know-about-the-quality-payment-program
#19
Kathleen T Unroe, Peter A Hollmann, Alanna C Goldstein, Michael L Malone
Commencing in 2017, the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) of 2015 will change how Medicare pays health professionals. By enacting MACRA, Congress brought an end to the (un)sustainable growth rate formula while also setting forth a vision for how to transform the U.S. healthcare system so that clinicians deliver higher-quality care with smarter spending by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). In October 2016, CMS released the first of what stakeholders anticipate will be a number of (annual) rules related to implementation of MACRA...
April 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281865/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-improve-the-success-of-women-assistant-professors
#20
Jeane Ann Grisso, Mary Dupuis Sammel, Arthur H Rubenstein, Rebecca M Speck, Emily F Conant, Patricia Scott, Lucy Wolf Tuton, Alyssa Friede Westring, Stewart Friedman, Stephanie B Abbuhl
BACKGROUND: Given the persistent disparity in the advancement of women compared with men faculty in academic medicine, it is critical to develop effective interventions to enhance women's careers. We carried out a cluster-randomized, multifaceted intervention to improve the success of women assistant professors at a research-intensive medical school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven departments/divisions were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups...
May 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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