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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676742/on-the-sensitivity-of-geospatial-low-impact-development-locations-to-the-centralized-sewer-network
#1
Jonatan Zischg, Peter Zeisl, Daniel Winkler, Wolfgang Rauch, Robert Sitzenfrei
In the future, infrastructure systems will have to become smarter, more sustainable, and more resilient requiring new methods of urban infrastructure design. In the field of urban drainage, green infrastructure is a promising design concept with proven benefits to runoff reduction, stormwater retention, pollution removal, and/or the creation of attractive living spaces. Such 'near-nature' concepts are usually distributed over the catchment area in small scale units. In many cases, these above-ground structures interact with the existing underground pipe infrastructure, resulting in hybrid solutions...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657320/why-fit-fathers-sire-smarter-offspring
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628528/using-smart-city-technology-to-make-healthcare-smarter
#3
Diane J Cook, Glen Duncan, Gina Sprint, Roschelle Fritz
Smart cities use information and communication technologies (ICT) to scale services include utilities and transportation to a growing population. In this article we discuss how smart city ICT can also improve healthcare effectiveness and lower healthcare cost for smart city residents. We survey current literature and introduce original research to offer an overview of how smart city infrastructure supports strategic healthcare using both mobile and ambient sensors combined with machine learning. Finally, we consider challenges that will be faced as healthcare providers make use of these opportunities...
April 2018: Proceedings of the IEEE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616569/who-perceives-they-are-smarter-exploring-the-influence-of-student-characteristics-on-student-academic-self-concept-in-physiology
#4
Katelyn M Cooper, Anna Krieg, Sara E Brownell
Academic self-concept is one's perception of his or her ability in an academic domain and is formed by comparing oneself to other students. As college biology classrooms transition from lecturing to active learning, students interact more with each other and are likely comparing themselves more to other students in the class. Student characteristics can impact students' academic self-concept; however, this has been unexplored in the context of undergraduate biology. In this study, we explored whether student characteristics can affect academic self-concept in the context of an active learning college physiology course...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615234/smarter-solutions-for-hotter-times-what-the-philippines-can-do
#5
Angeli Guadalupe, Akihiko Ozaki, Tetsuya Tanimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610301/china-the-united-states-and-competition-for-resources-that-enable-emerging-technologies
#6
Andrew L Gulley, Nedal T Nassar, Sean Xun
Historically, resource conflicts have often centered on fuel minerals (particularly oil). Future resource conflicts may, however, focus more on competition for nonfuel minerals that enable emerging technologies. Whether it is rhenium in jet engines, indium in flat panel displays, or gallium in smart phones, obscure elements empower smarter, smaller, and faster technologies, and nations seek stable supplies of these and other nonfuel minerals for their industries. No nation has all of the resources it needs domestically...
April 2, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579053/emergence-of-opinion-leaders-in-reference-networks
#7
Mariko I Ito, Hisashi Ohtsuki, Akira Sasaki
Individuals often refer to opinions of others when they make decisions in the real world. Our question is how the people's reference structure self-organizes when people try to provide correct answers by referring to more accurate agents. We constructed an adaptive network model, in which each node represents an agent and each directed link represents a reference. In every iteration round within our model, each agent makes a decision sequentially by following the majority of the reference partners' opinions and rewires a reference link to a partner if the partner's performance falls below a given threshold...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572707/prescription-drug-use-and-cost-trends-among-medicaid-enrolled-children-with-disruptive-behavioral-disorders
#8
Lirong Zhao, Caitlin Cross-Barnet, Vetisha L McClair
Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) are the most common mental health conditions in children. These conditions profoundly affect healthcare utilization and costs. Service use, costs, and diagnostic trends among pediatric Medicaid beneficiaries provide information regarding healthcare quality and potential for smarter spending. Using nationwide Medicaid administrative data, this study investigates diagnoses, prescription drug fills, and payments in 49 states and D.C. from 2006 to 2009 in Medicaid beneficiaries age 20 and under...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541050/executive-function-behavioral-self-regulation-and-school-related-well-being-did-not-mediate-the-effect-of-school-based-physical-activity-on-academic-performance-in-numeracy-in-10-year-old-children-the-active-smarter-kids-ask-study
#9
Katrine N Aadland, Eivind Aadland, John R Andersen, Arne Lervåg, Vegard F Moe, Geir K Resaland, Yngvar Ommundsen
Inconsistent findings exist for the effect of school-based physical activity interventions on academic performance. The Active Smarter Kids (ASK) study revealed a favorable intervention effect of school-based physical activity on academic performance in numeracy in a subsample of 10-year-old elementary schoolchildren performing poorer at baseline in numeracy. Aiming to explain this finding, we investigated the mediating effects of executive function, behavioral self-regulation, and school related well-being in the relation between the physical activity intervention and child's performance in numeracy...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537473/undoctored-why-health-care-has-failed-you-and-how-you-can-become-smarter-than-your-doctor
#10
Joseph E Scherger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530385/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-physician-delivered-pedometer-based-step-count-prescription-strategy-with-insight-from-participants-and-treating-physicians
#11
Alexandra B Cooke, Romina Pace, Deborah Chan, Ellen Rosenberg, Kaberi Dasgupta, Stella S Daskalopoulou
AIMS: The integration of pedometers into clinical practice has the potential to enhance physical activity levels in patients with chronic disease. Our SMARTER randomized controlled trial demonstrated that a physician-delivered step count prescription strategy has measurable effects on daily steps, glycemic control, and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes and/or hypertension. In this study, we aimed to understand perceived barriers and facilitators influencing successful uptake and sustainability of the strategy, from patient and physician perspectives...
March 9, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510709/a-comparison-of-10-accelerometer-non-wear-time-criteria-and-logbooks-in-children
#12
Eivind Aadland, Lars Bo Andersen, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen, Geir Kåre Resaland
BACKGROUND: There are many unresolved issues regarding data reduction algorithms for accelerometry. The choice of criterion for removal of non-wear time might have a profound influence on physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (SED) estimates. The aim of the present study was to compare 10 different non-wear criteria and a log of non-wear periods in 11-year-old children. METHODS: Children from the Active Smarter Kids study performed 7-days of hip-worn accelerometer monitoring (Actigraph GT3X+) and logged the number of non-wear periods each day, along with the approximate duration and reason for non-wear...
March 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507263/an-innovative-technology-to-support-independent-living-the-smarter-safer-homes-platform
#13
Mohanraj Karunanithi, Qing Zhang
Australian population aged over 65 years is 14% (3.3 million) and this expected to increase to 21% by 2053 (8.3 million), of which 1.9% to 4.2% is attributed to Australians over 85 years. With increase in ageing, there is high prevalence in long-term health conditions and more likely multiple visits to the doctors or the hospitals, particularly when one's functional condition declines. This adds burden to the already stretched health system such as the overcrowding of emergency departments in hospitals. This is partly due to many ageing patients with high care needs occupying significant number of hospital beds because they are waiting for entry to the limited placements in residential care...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495964/improving-eukaryotic-genome-annotation-using-single-molecule-mrna-sequencing
#14
Vincent Magrini, Xin Gao, Bruce A Rosa, Sean McGrath, Xu Zhang, Kymberlie Hallsworth-Pepin, John Martin, John Hawdon, Richard K Wilson, Makedonka Mitreva
BACKGROUND: The advantages of Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) single-molecule real-time (SMRT) technology include long reads, low systematic bias, and high consensus read accuracy. Here we use these attributes to improve on the genome annotation of the parasitic hookworm Ancylostoma ceylanicum using PacBio RNA-Seq. RESULTS: We sequenced 192,888 circular consensus sequences (CCS) derived from cDNAs generated using the CloneTech SMARTer system. These SMARTer-SMRT libraries were normalized and size-selected providing a robust population of expressed structural genes for subsequent genome annotation...
March 1, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439101/can-consumers-be-smarter-health-care-shoppers-in-the-quest-for-cost-containment
#15
Brendan Riley
Lawmakers, health plans, and employers are increasingly shifting a greater portion of health care costs onto consumers in hopes that increased price sensitivity will make them become better health care shoppers. However, health care consumerism offers limited potential for system-wide cost containment and presents significant pitfalls for patients.
January 2018: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403383/how-realistic-are-the-scientific-assumptions-of-the-neuroenhancement-debate-assessing-the-pharmacological-optimism-and-neuroenhancement-prevalence-hypotheses
#16
Stephan Schleim, Boris B Quednow
Since two decades, neuroenhancement is a major topic in neuroethics and still receives much attention in the scholarly literature as well as in public media. In contrast to high hopes at the beginning of the "Decade of the Brain" in the United States and Europe that we subsume under the "pharmacological optimism hypothesis," recent evidence from clinical neuroscience suggests that developing drugs that make healthy people smarter is even more difficult than finding new treatments for patients with mental disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402217/systematic-comparison-of-small-rna-library-preparation-protocols-for-next-generation-sequencing
#17
Cloelia Dard-Dascot, Delphine Naquin, Yves d'Aubenton-Carafa, Karine Alix, Claude Thermes, Erwin van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Next-generation sequencing technologies have revolutionized the study of small RNAs (sRNAs) on a genome-wide scale. However, classical sRNA library preparation methods introduce serious bias, mainly during adapter ligation steps. Several types of sRNA including plant microRNAs (miRNA), piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNA) in insects, nematodes and mammals, and small interfering RNAs (siRNA) in insects and plants contain a 2'-O-methyl (2'-OMe) modification at their 3' terminal nucleotide...
February 5, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359569/static-metrics-of-impact-for-a-dynamic-problem-the-need-for-smarter-tools-to-guide-suicide-prevention-planning-and-investment
#18
Andrew Page, Jo-An Atkinson, Mark Heffernan, Geoff McDonnell, Ante Prodan, Nathaniel Osgood, Ian Hickie
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates two approaches to estimate the potential impact of a population-level intervention on Australian suicide, to highlight the importance of selecting appropriate analytic approaches for informing evidence-based strategies for suicide prevention. METHODS: The potential impact of a psychosocial therapy intervention on the incidence of suicide in Australia over the next 10 years was used as a case study to compare the potential impact on suicides averted using: (1) a traditional epidemiological measure of population attributable risk and (2) a dynamic measure of population impact based on a systems science model of suicide that incorporates changes over time...
January 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304937/an-economic-evaluation-of-the-impact-cost-and-medicare-policy-implications-of-chronic-nonhealing-wounds
#19
Samuel R Nussbaum, Marissa J Carter, Caroline E Fife, Joan DaVanzo, Randall Haught, Marcia Nusgart, Donna Cartwright
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the cost of chronic wound care for Medicare beneficiaries in aggregate, by wound type and by setting. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of the Medicare 5% Limited Data Set for calendar year 2014 included beneficiaries who experienced episodes of care for one or more of the following: arterial ulcers, chronic ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, diabetic infections, pressure ulcers, skin disorders, skin infections, surgical wounds, surgical infections, traumatic wounds, venous ulcers, or venous infections...
January 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303916/what-robot-for-tomorrow-and-what-improvement-can-we-expect
#20
Benjamin Namdarian, Prokar Dasgupta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the status of robotic surgery currently, contextualizing the advances and improvements we can expect in the immediate future. Robotics continues to demonstrate increased utility and expansion in medicine, particularly surgery. When coupled with the imminent expiry of Intuitive patents in the next few years, it is timely to consider what we can expect to see from new platforms; what new features might we anticipate and what technology will be available to enhance and improve patient care...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
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