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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216318/reproducibility-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-over-two-seasons-in-children-comparing-a-day-by-day-and-a-week-by-week-approach
#1
Eivind Aadland, Lars Bo Andersen, Turid Skrede, Ulf Ekelund, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen, Geir Kåre Resaland
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of reproducibility of accelerometer-determined physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (SED) estimates are a prerequisite to conduct high-quality epidemiological studies. Yet, estimates of reproducibility might differ depending on the approach used to analyze the data. The aim of the present study was to determine the reproducibility of objectively measured PA and SED in children by directly comparing a day-by-day and a week-by-week approach to data collected over two weeks during two different seasons 3-4 months apart...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212614/clinical-trials-in-gynecologic-oncology-past-present-and-future
#2
REVIEW
Christina M Annunziata, Elise C Kohn
The Gynecologic Oncology Group has historically performed ground-breaking, practice-changing clinical trials in women's cancers. The current standard of care for initial treatment of ovarian, endometrial, cervical, and trophoblastic cancers was determined by clinical trials completed within this cooperative group structure. For example, trial GOG-0111 set the standard for combining platinum and taxane chemotherapy in ovarian cancer, and more recently GOG-0240 provided evidence for adding bevacizumab to chemotherapy for women with advanced cervical cancer...
December 3, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185980/venture-capital-throws-dough-that-could-fix-health-care-woe
#3
Timothy Kelley
Some experts say that investors funding innovative startup companies can disrupt American health care, making it smarter and more efficient. Others warn that incentives must change if VC money is to make a real difference. It's a trend no one in health care can ignore.
November 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168409/how-do-swiss-general-practitioners-agree-with-and-report-adhering-to-a-top-five-list-of-unnecessary-tests-and-treatments-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Kevin Selby, Jacques Cornuz, Christine Cohidon, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Nicolas Senn
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the 'Smarter Medicine' campaign released a top five list of unnecessary tests and treatments in Swiss primary care, such as imaging for acute low-back pain and long-term prescribing of proton pump inhibitors. OBJECTIVES: Measure general practitioners' (GPs) agreement with the recommendations and self-reported adherence. METHODS: Cross-sectional, online survey of GPs in the 'Swiss primary care active monitoring' (SPAM) network, which assessed awareness of 'Smarter Medicine' and views on each recommendation...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155380/making-clothing-smarter-rita-paradiso-of-smartex-is-engineering-clothes-that-can-monitor-a-wearer-s-condition
#5
David L Chandler
As bedtime approaches, take note! Your pajamas may have something important to tell you.
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153351/choosing-wisely-an-international-and-multimorbid-perspective
#6
Edouard J Battegay, Marcus Cheetham
Some medical diagnostic and therapeutic interventions are non-beneficial or even harmful. The Choosing Wisely campaign has encouraged the generation of "top five" lists of unnecessary low-value services in different specialist areas. In the USA alone, where the campaign was launched, these lists include a total of 450 evidence-based recommendations. Medical scientific societies in further countries such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, England, Switzerland and Germany have since initiated Choosing Wisely campaigns...
November 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141846/atrial-substrate-modification-for-atrial-fibrillation-striving-to-get-smarter
#7
EDITORIAL
Prabhat Kumar, J Paul Mounsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136484/effect-of-the-strong4life-school-nutrition-program-on-cafeterias-and-on-manager-and-staff-member-knowledge-and-practice-georgia-2015
#8
Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Ashley Bennett, Farrah Keong, Wendy Palmer, Trisha Hardy, Jean Welsh
OBJECTIVES: The goal of the Strong4Life School Nutrition Program is to promote healthy eating in school cafeterias in Georgia by training school nutrition managers and staff members to implement changes in the cafeteria to nudge children to make healthier choices. The objective of our study was to evaluate program effect on (1) school nutrition manager and staff member knowledge of evidence-based strategies and their self-efficacy to make positive changes, (2) the school cafeteria environment, and (3) National School Lunch Program participation...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133868/from-harmful-microcystis-blooms-to-multi-functional-core-double-shell-microsphere-bio-hydrochar-materials
#9
Lei Bi, Gang Pan
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) induced by eutrophication is becoming a serious global environmental problem affecting public health and aquatic ecological sustainability. A novel strategy for the utilization of biomass from HABs was developed by converting the algae cells into hollow mesoporous bio-hydrochar microspheres via hydrothermal carbonization method. The hollow microspheres were used as microreactors and carriers for constructing CaO2 core-mesoporous shell-CaO2 shell microspheres (OCRMs). The CaO2 shells could quickly increase dissolved oxygen to extremely anaerobic water in the initial 40 min until the CaO2 shells were consumed...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132720/intensify-production-transform-biomass-to-energy-and-novel-goods-and-protect-soils-in-europe-a-vision-how-to-mobilize-marginal-lands
#10
REVIEW
P Schröder, B Beckers, S Daniels, F Gnädinger, E Maestri, N Marmiroli, M Mench, R Millan, M M Obermeier, N Oustriere, T Persson, C Poschenrieder, F Rineau, B Rutkowska, T Schmid, W Szulc, N Witters, A Sæbø
The rapid increase of the world population constantly demands more food production from agricultural soils. This causes conflicts, since at the same time strong interest arises on novel bio-based products from agriculture, and new perspectives for rural landscapes with their valuable ecosystem services. Agriculture is in transition to fulfill these demands. In many countries, conventional farming, influenced by post-war food requirements, has largely been transformed into integrated and sustainable farming...
November 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109626/action-and-resistance-mechanisms-of-antibiotics-a-guide-for-clinicians
#11
REVIEW
Garima Kapoor, Saurabh Saigal, Ashok Elongavan
Infections account for a major cause of death throughout the developing world. This is mainly due to the emergence of newer infectious agents and more specifically due to the appearance of antimicrobial resistance. With time, the bacteria have become smarter and along with it, massive imprudent usage of antibiotics in clinical practice has resulted in resistance of bacteria to antimicrobial agents. The antimicrobial resistance is recognized as a major problem in the treatment of microbial infections. The biochemical resistance mechanisms used by bacteria include the following: antibiotic inactivation, target modification, altered permeability, and "bypass" of metabolic pathway...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104022/gender-specific-effects-of-physical-activity-on-children-s-academic-performance-the-active-smarter-kids-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
G K Resaland, V F Moe, J B Bartholomew, L B Andersen, H A McKay, S A Anderssen, E Aadland
Active learning combines academic content with physical activity (PA) to increase child PA and academic performance, but the impact of active learning is mixed. It may be that this is a moderated relationship in which active learning is beneficial for only some children. This paper examine the impact of baseline academic performance and gender as moderators for the effects of active learning on children's academic performance. In the ASK-study, 1129 fifth-graders from 57 Norwegian elementary schools were randomized by school to intervention or control in a physical activity intervention between November 2014 and June 2015...
November 2, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081044/quantifying-shedding-of-synthetic-fibers-from-textiles-a-source-of-microplastics-released-into-the-environment
#13
Bethanie M Carney Almroth, Linn Åström, Sofia Roslund, Hanna Petersson, Mats Johansson, Nils-Krister Persson
Microplastics in the environment are a subject of intense research as they pose a potential threat to marine organisms. Plastic fibers from textiles have been indicated as a major source of this type of contaminant, entering the oceans via wastewater and diverse non-point sources. Their presence is also documented in terrestrial samples. In this study, the amount of microfibers shedding from synthetic textiles was measured for three materials (acrylic, nylon, polyester), knit using different gauges and techniques...
October 28, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077008/the-glycosyltransferases-of-lps-core-a-review-of-four-heptosyltransferase-enzymes-in-context
#14
REVIEW
Joy M Cote, Erika A Taylor
Bacterial antibiotic resistance is a rapidly expanding problem in the world today. Functionalization of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria provides protection from extracellular antimicrobials, and serves as an innate resistance mechanism. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are a major cell-surface component of Gram-negative bacteria that contribute to protecting the bacterium from extracellular threats. LPS is biosynthesized by the sequential addition of sugar moieties by a number of glycosyltransferases (GTs)...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061562/margaret-mccartney-we-must-be-smarter-about-recruitment-and-retention
#15
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060723/proposal-of-custom-made-wrist-orthoses-based-on-3d-modelling-and-3d-printing
#16
Mauren Abreu de Souza, Cristiane Schmitz, Marcelo Marega Pinhel, Joao A Palma Setti, Percy Nohama
Accessibility to three-dimensional (3D) technologies, such as 3D scanning systems and additive manufacturing (like 3D printers), allows a variety of 3D applications. For medical applications in particular, these modalities are gaining a lot of attention enabling several opportunities for healthcare applications. The literature brings several cases applying both technologies, but none of them focus on the spreading of how this technology could benefit the health segment. This paper proposes a new methodology, which employs both 3D modelling and 3D printing for building orthoses, which could better fit the demands of different patients...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027474/on-the-metabolites-produced-by-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides-a-fungus-proposed-for-the-ambrosia-artemisiifolia-biocontrol-spectroscopic-data-and-absolute-configuration-assignment-of-colletochlorin-a
#17
Marco Masi, Maria Chiara Zonno, Alessio Cimmino, Pierluigi Reveglia, Alexander Berestetskiy, Angela Boari, Maurizio Vurro, Antonio Evidente
Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. is responsible for serious allergies induced on humans. Different approaches for its control were proposed during the COST Action FA1203 "Sustainable management of Ambrosia artemisiifolia in Europe" (SMARTER). Fungal secondary metabolites often show potential herbicidal activity. Three phytotoxins were purified from the fungal culture filtrates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, isolated from infected leaves of A. artemisiifolia. They were identified by spectroscopic and chemical methods as colletochlorin A, orcinol and tyrosol (1, 2 and 3)...
October 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025019/differing-molecular-response-of-young-and-advanced-maternal-age-human-oocytes-to-ivm
#18
J M Reyes, E Silva, J L Chitwood, W B Schoolcraft, R L Krisher, P J Ross
STUDY QUESTION: What effect does maternal age have on the human oocyte's molecular response to in vitro oocyte maturation? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although polyadenylated transcript abundance is similar between young and advanced maternal age (AMA) germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes, metaphase II (MII) oocytes exhibit a divergent transcriptome resulting from a differential response to in vitro oocyte maturation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Microarray studies considering maternal age or maturation stage have shown that either of these factors will affect oocyte polyadenylated transcript abundance in human oocytes...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994607/book-review-neurotribes-the-legacy-of-autism-and-how-to-think-smarter-about-people-who-think-differently-steve-silberman-neurotribes-the-legacy-of-autism-and-how-to-think-smarter-about-people-who-think-differently-silberman-steve-allen-and-unwin-2015-544-pp
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984317/pharmacotherapy-a-smarter-way-to-treat-obesity
#20
David Holmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
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