Read by QxMD icon Read


Augustine Tee, Wai Leng Chow, Colin Burke, Guruprasad Basavarajaiah
INTRODUCTION: In light of the growing evidence base for better clinical results with the use of the dual bronchodilator indacaterol/glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) over inhaled corticosteroid-containing salmeterol/fluticasone combination (SFC), this study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of IND/GLY over SFC in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are at low risk of exacerbations in the Singapore healthcare setting. METHODS: A previously published patient-level simulation model was adapted for use in Singapore by applying local unit costs...
March 16, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
Jens M Hohlfeld, Jens Vogel-Claussen, Heike Biller, Dominik Berliner, Korbinian Berschneider, Hanns-Christian Tillmann, Simone Hiltl, Johann Bauersachs, Tobias Welte
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hyperinflation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with reduced biventricular end-diastolic volumes and increased morbidity and mortality. The combination of a long-acting β agonist (LABA) and a muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) is more effective in reducing hyperinflation than LABA-inhaled corticosteroid combination therapy but whether dual bronchodilation improves cardiac function is unknown. METHODS: We did a double-blind, randomised, two-period crossover, placebo-controlled, single-centre study (CLAIM) at the Fraunhofer Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (Hannover, Germany), a specialty clinic...
February 21, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Alberto Papi, Jørgen Vestbo, Leonardo Fabbri, Massimo Corradi, Hélène Prunier, Géraldine Cohuet, Alessandro Guasconi, Isabella Montagna, Stefano Vezzoli, Stefano Petruzzelli, Mario Scuri, Nicolas Roche, Dave Singh
BACKGROUND: Evidence is scarce on the relative risk-benefit of inhaled triple therapy, consisting of inhaled corticosteroid, long-acting muscarinic antagonist, and long-acting β2 -agonist, versus dual bronchodilation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to compare a single-inhaler triple combination of beclometasone dipropionate, formoterol fumarate, and glycopyrronium (BDP/FF/G) versus a single-inhaler dual bronchodilator combination of indacaterol plus glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) in terms of the rate of moderate-to-severe COPD exacerbations over 52 weeks of treatment...
February 8, 2018: Lancet
Peter Kardos, Ina Hagedorn-Peinz
Background: The objective of the FAVOR study was to evaluate the effect of indacaterol/glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) versus tiotropium on peak forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and also to investigate patient satisfaction and treatment preference. Methods: Patients with moderate-to-severe airflow limitation (FEV1/forced vital capacity ratio of <0.70), those with a COPD assessment test score of ≥10, and those who were maintained on tiotropium HandiHaler® therapy prior to enrollment were recruited for the study, and randomized (1:1) to receive either 4 weeks open-label IND/GLY (110/50 μg) once daily followed by 4 weeks of tiotropium (18 μg) once daily or vice versa...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Hongjian Li, Christy Wing-Sum Tong, Yee Leung, Man-Hon Wong, Kenneth Kin-Wah To, Kwong-Sak Leung
In advanced lung cancer, epidermal growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs) have extraordinary clinical efficacy. However, their usefulness is severely compromised by drug resistance mediated by various mechanisms, the most important of which is the secondary EGFR T790M mutation. The mutation blocks the binding of EGFR TKIs to the receptor kinase, thereby abolishing the therapeutic efficacy. In this study, we used our free and open-source protein-ligand docking software idock to screen worldwide approved small-molecule drugs against EGFR T790M...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
Leif Bjermer, Job F M van Boven, Madlaina Costa-Scharplatz, Dorothy L Keininger, Florian S Gutzwiller, Karin Lisspers, Ronan Mahon, Petter Olsson, Nicolas Roche
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of indacaterol/glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) versus salmeterol/fluticasone (SFC) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with moderate to very severe airflow limitation and ≥1 exacerbation in the preceding year. METHODS: A previously published and validated patient-level simulation model was adapted using clinical data from the FLAME trial and real-world cost data from the ARCTIC study. Costs (total monetary costs comprising drug, maintenance, exacerbation, and pneumonia costs) and health outcomes (life-years (LYs), quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs)) were projected over various time horizons (1, 5, 10 years, and lifetime) from the Swedish payer's perspective and were discounted at 3% annually...
December 11, 2017: Respiratory Research
Cristina Bozzolino, Marta Leporati, Federica Gani, Cinzia Ferrero, Marco Vincenti
A fast analytical method for the simultaneous detection of 24 β2 -agonists in human urine was developed and validated. The method covers the therapeutic drugs most commonly administered, but also potentially abused β2 -agonists. The procedure is based on enzymatic deconjugation with β-glucuronidase followed by SPE clean up using mixed-phase cartridges with both ion-exchange and lipophilic properties. Instrumental analysis conducted by UHPLC-MS/MS allowed high peak resolution and rapid chromatographic separation, with reduced time and costs...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Israel Ramos, Mònica Aparici, Maria Letosa, Carlos Puig, Amadeu Gavaldà, Josep Maria Huerta, Sonia Espinosa, Dolors Vilella, Montserrat Miralpeix
This study describes the association rate and residence time of abediterol, a novel long-acting β2 -adrenoceptor agonist (LABA) in Phase II development for treatment of asthma and COPD, in comparison with indacaterol, olodaterol, vilanterol and salmeterol, for both human β1 - and β2 -adrenoceptors. Abediterol association and dissociation rates were monitored directly by using its tritiated form. Moreover, association was determined indirectly using experimental Ki and koff obtained from assays performed with unlabelled compound...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Keisaku Fujimoto, Haruna Yamazaki, Midori Ura, Yoshiaki Kitaguchi
Background and objective: The difference in efficacy of long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) and long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) for dynamic lung hyperinflation (DLH) in COPD is unclear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the difference in efficacy of LAMA and LABA alone and the combination thereof for DLH. Subjects and methods: Thirty stable patients were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups following baseline measurements. One group was treated with 5 μg tiotropium (Respimat inhaler) for 4 weeks following a 4-week treatment with 150 μg indacaterol, while the other group was treated with indacaterol for 4 weeks following a 4-week treatment with tiotropium...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Ledong Wan, Wenying Yu, Enhui Shen, Wenjie Sun, Yuan Liu, Jianlu Kong, Yihua Wu, Fengyan Han, Lei Zhang, Tianze Yu, Yuwei Zhou, Sunzhe Xie, Enping Xu, Honghe Zhang, Maode Lai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular function of splicing factor SRSF6 in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression and discover candidate chemicals for cancer therapy through targeting SRSF6. DESIGN: We performed comprehensive analysis for the expression of SRSF6 in 311 CRC samples, The Cancer Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Functional analysis of SRSF6 in CRC was performed in vitro and in vivo. SRSF6-regulated alternative splicing (AS) and its binding motif were identified by next-generation RNA-sequencing and RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (RIP-seq), which was validated by gel shift and minigene reporter assay...
November 7, 2017: Gut
Tadeusz Płusa, Group Of Physicians From Medical Centers In Poland
Indacaterol, as well glycopyronium has been reimbursed lately in Poland, so patients have a greater access to this treatment in medical practice. Physicians do not realize the potential benefit of once daily ultra-LABA indacaterol and/or modern LAMA with fast-acting glycopyrronium on treatment results. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of routinely administered treatment with either indacaterol (Onbrez) or glycopyrronium (Seebri) or both on patient reported outcomes in form of the health status (CCQ score - clinical COPD questionnaire) and level of dyspnoea (mMRC - modified Medical Research Council) in treatment naive COPD patients after the change of treatment as addon from any other COPD treatment in "real life" settings...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Donald Banerji, Robert Fogel, Francesco Patalano
Indacaterol/glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) 110/50mcg was the first once-daily, long-acting β2-agonist (LABA)/long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) fixed-dose combination (FDC) approved in Europe for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Development of IND/GLY was driven by the need to improve the standard of care for patients with this disease, in terms of symptom control and exacerbation frequency. IGNITE, an adaptive, comprehensive, and innovative Phase 3 development program, demonstrated the efficacy of IND/GLY in optimising bronchodilation, reducing symptoms, and reducing exacerbations in patients with COPD...
October 24, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
Edward Kerwin, Gary T Ferguson, Shahin Sanjar, Thomas Goodin, Anthony Yadao, Robert Fogel, Samopriyo Maitra, Biswajit Sen, Tim Ayers, Donald Banerji
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of two long-acting dual bronchodilator combinations: indacaterol/glycopyrrolate (IND/GLY) versus umeclidinium/vilanterol (UMEC/VI). METHODS: Studies A2349 and A2350 were replicate, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled, cross-over studies in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. Patients were randomized to sequential 12-week treatments of twice-daily IND/GLY 27.5/15.6 μg and once-daily UMEC/VI 62...
December 2017: Lung
Antonio Molino, Francesca Simioli, Anna Agnese Stanziola, Mauro Mormile, Maria Martino, Maria D'Amato
BACKGROUND: Small airways are considered the major site of airflow limitation in COPD. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a forced oscillation technique, which provides passive measurement of lung mechanics. It can differentiate small airway from large airway obstruction and is more sensitive than spirometry for peripheral airway disease. In this study the efficacy of the combination of Indacaterol/Glycopirronium (IND/GLY) versus Tiotropium on airway resistance (R5, R20, R5-20), lung reactance (X) and resonant frequency in moderate to severe COPD patients has been evaluated...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Heinrich Worth, Roland Buhl, Carl-Peter Criée, Peter Kardos, Nadine S Lossi, Claus F Vogelmeier
INTRODUCTION: The 2017 update to the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) strategy document includes recommendations for treatment intensification or step-down in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), although recognises that limited supporting information is available. DACCORD is an ongoing observational, non-interventional study, recruiting patients following COPD maintenance treatment change or initiation, a subset of whom were receiving a long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) plus a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) fixed-dose combination (FDC) on entry...
October 2017: Respiratory Medicine
Ernesto Crisafulli, Annalisa Frizzelli, Alberto Fantin, Alessandra Manco, Angelo Mangia, Giovanna Pisi, Valentina Fainardi, Veronica Alfieri, Marina Aiello, Giuseppina Bertorelli, Alfredo Chetta
A fixed-dose inhalation of a long-acting β-agonist (LABA) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is commonly recommended for moderate to severe asthmatic patients not adequately controlled by an ICS only. In order to improve the patients' adherence and the control of disease there is a noteworthy interest for the next generation inhaled β adrenoreceptor agonists maintaining an over 24 hours bronchodilatation and used once-daily (ultra-LABAs). This review focuses on the currently available evidences on the clinical role of any single ultra-LABAs in the treatment of asthmatic patients...
October 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Mario Cazzola, Paola Rogliani
Indacaterol/glycopyrronium has been the first long-acting β2-agonist (LABA)/long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) fixed-dose combination to be approved as a maintenance treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Comparative effectiveness studies indicate that it is constantly superior to a LAMA or a LABA alone or even a LABA/inhaled corticosteroid combination, regardless of the drugs used. However, definitive data documenting the benefit of indacaterol/glycopyrronium fixed-dose combination over these consolidated therapies are still absent in a real-world setting, although the results of pivotal randomized controlled trials show that this is the case...
October 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
Matteo M Pecchiari, Pierachille Santus, Dejan Radovanovic, Edgardo Giacomo D'Angelo
Small airways represent the key factor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) pathophysiology. The effect of different classes of bronchodilators on small airways is still poorly understood and difficult to assess. Hence, the acute effects of tiotropium (18 µg) and indacaterol (150 µg) on closing volume (CV) and ventilation inhomogeneity were investigated and compared in 51 stable patients (mean age (SD): 70±7 years; 82% males) with moderate to very severe COPD. Patients underwent body-plethysmography, arterial blood gas-analysis, tidal expiratory flow limitation (EFL), dyspnea assessment, and simultaneous recording of single breath nitrogen test (SBN) and transpulmonary pressure-volume curve (PL-V), before and one hour after drug administration...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
Christianne M Blais, Beth E Davis, Donald W Cockcroft
BACKGROUND: Methacholine dose-response curves illustrate pharmacologic bronchoprotection against methacholine-induced airway hyperresponsiveness and can be used to quantitate changes in airway sensitivity (position), reactivity (slope), and maximal responsiveness following drug administration. Our objective was to determine the influence of single-dose glycopyrronium (long-acting muscarinic antagonist) and indacaterol (ultra-long acting β2 agonist), as monotherapy and in combination, on the methacholine dose-response curve of mild asthmatics and to compare these findings with a non-asthmatic control curve...
August 2, 2017: Respiratory Research
Michele Baroffio, Giovanni Barisione, Vito Brusasco
BACKGROUND: Muscarinic-receptor antagonists and β-adrenoceptor agonists are used, alone or in combination, as first-line treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Both drugs decrease airway smooth muscle tone by post-junctional mechanisms but they may have opposing effects on pre-junctional acetylcholine (ACh)-release. METHODS: We studied the effects of the muscarinic-receptor antagonist glycopyrronium (GLY), the β-adrenoceptor agonist indacaterol (IND) and their combination on electrically-induced ACh-release and contractile response in isolated bovine trachealis...
July 28, 2017: Respiratory Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"