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matrix Metalloproteinase

Lucas C Klemm, Evan Czerwonka, Mary L Hall, Philip G Williams, Alejandro M S Mayer
Cosmopolitan Gram-negative cyanobacteria may affect human and animal health by contaminating terrestrial, marine and freshwater environments with toxins, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The cyanobacterial genus Scytonema ( S ) produces several toxins, but to our knowledge the bioactivity of genus Scytonema LPS has not been investigated. We recently reported that cyanobacterium Oscillatoria sp. LPS elicited classical and alternative activation of rat microglia in vitro. Thus, we hypothesized that treatment of brain microglia in vitro with either cyanobacteria S...
March 21, 2018: Toxins
Eva Skiöldebrand, Anna Thorfve, Ulrika Björklund, Pegah Johansson, Ruth Wickelgren, Anders Lindahl, Elisabeth Hansson
Chondrocytes are effectively involved in the pathophysiological processes of inflammation in joints. They form cellular processes in the superficial layer of the articular cartilage and form gap junction coupled syncytium to facilitate cell-to-cell communication. However, very little is known about their physiological cellular identity and communication. The aim with the present work is to evaluate the physiological behavior after stimulation with the inflammatory inducers interleukin-1β and lipopolysaccharide...
January 2018: Heliyon
Byung Hyun Baek, Hyung Seok Kim, Woong Yoon, Yun Young Lee, Jang Mi Baek, Eun Hee Kim, Seul Kee Kim
Objective: In this study we investigate the association between the expression of inflammatory mediators measured in clots retrieved by mechanical thrombectomy, stroke etiology, and the susceptibility vessel sign (SVS) on gradient-echo (GRE) MR imaging in acute ischemic stroke patients. Methods: We performed molecular analysis of intracranial clots retrieved by mechanical thrombectomy from 82 patients with acute stroke. Seventy-two of these patients underwent GRE imaging before endovascular therapy...
March 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Yu-Kui Shang, Can Li, Ze-Kun Liu, Ling-Min Kong, Ding Wei, Jing Xu, Zi-Ling Wang, Huijie Bian, Zhi-Nan Chen
CD147, encoded by BSG , is a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein that belongs to the immunological superfamily and expressed on the surface of many types of cancer cells. While CD147 is best known as a potent inducer of extracellular matrix metalloproteinases, it can also function as a key mediator of inflammatory and immune responses. To systematically elucidate the function of CD147 in cancer cells, we performed an analysis of genome-wide profiling across the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE). We showed that CD147 mRNA expression was much higher than that of most other genes in cancer cell lines...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
Ya-Li Ma, Fang Chen, Jun Shi
Background: Rhein, an anthraquinone derivative of rhubarb, is traditionally used in Chinese herbal medicine. Now emerging studies suggest its antitumor properties in many human cancers. The present study aims to investigate the antitumor role of Rhein and its possible mechanism in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Materials and methods: Three RCC cell lines (A489, 786-O and ACHN) were used as the cell models. We applied CCK-8, cell counting, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell assays to assess the antitumor roles of Rhein in RCC cells in vitro...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Ji-Hyun Lee, Barun Poudel, Hyeon-Hui Ki, Sarmila Nepali, Young-Mi Lee, Jeon-Soo Shin, Dae-Ki Kim
C1q is known to perform several functions in addition to the role it plays in complement activation. C1q contains a collagen-like portion and DDR1 (discoidin domain receptor 1) is a well-known collagen receptor. Accordingly, we hypothesized C1q might be a novel ligand of DDR1. This study shows for the first time C1q directly induces the activation and upregulation of DDR1, and that this leads to enhanced migration and invasion of HepG2 cells. In addition, C1q was found to induce the activations of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling, and to increase the expressions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP2 and 9)...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Albert G Remacle, Swathi K Hullugundi, Jennifer Dolkas, Mila Angert, Andrei V Chernov, Alex Y Strongin, Veronica I Shubayev
BACKGROUND: In the peripheral nerve, pro-inflammatory matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 performs essential functions in the acute response to injury. Whether MMP-9 activity contributes to late-phase injury or whether MMP-9 expression or activity after nerve injury is sexually dimorphic remains unknown. METHODS: Patterns of MMP-9 expression, activity and excretion were assessed in a model of painful peripheral neuropathy, sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI), in female and male rats...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Fazeela Mahaboob Begum S M, Kalai Chitra, Benin Joseph, Raji Sundararajan, Hemalatha S
BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma is the most common subtype of Non small cell lung cancer in which the PI3K/Akt cascade is frequently deregulated. The ubiquitous expression of the PI3K and the frequent inactivation of PTEN accounts for the prolonged survival, evasion of apoptosis and metastasis in cancer. This has led to the development of PI3K inhibitors in the treatment of cancer. Synthetic PI3K inhibitors undergoing clinical and preclinical studies are toxic in animals. Hence, there is a critical need to identify PI3K inhibitor(s) of natural origin...
March 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Kirsten Glaser, Christine Silwedel, Markus Fehrholz, Birgit Henrich, Ana Maria Waaga-Gasser, Heike Claus, Christian P Speer
Being generally regarded as commensal bacteria, the pro-inflammatory capacity of Ureaplasma species has long been debated. Recently, we confirmed Ureaplasma-driven pro-inflammatory cytokine responses and a disturbance of cytokine equilibrium in primary human monocytes in vitro. The present study addressed the expression of CC chemokines and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in purified term neonatal and adult monocytes stimulated with serovar 8 of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Uu) and serovar 3 of U. parvum (Up)...
2018: PloS One
Kasturi Chatterjee, Sayantan Jana, Pramathes DasMahapatra, Snehasikta Swarnakar
Endometriosis, characterized by extrauterine development of endometrial glands and stroma, is associated with increased risk of ovarian cancer development. In the present study, we investigated the role of matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during ovarian endometriosis ( N = 40) progression. We found that the expressions of EMT markers such as vimentin, slug, and N-cadherin were significantly elevated in late stages of ovarian endometriosis compared with those found in early stages...
March 20, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Xiangchun Zhang, Qing Yuan, Xueyun Gao
Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is expressed in most tumors and is believed to play a key role in the development, invasion and metastasis of tumors. There is an urgent need to develop a simple method to detect the MT1-MMP expression level on cells. In this current study, we demonstrated a red emission Au cluster probes with the specific targeting of MT1-MMP on human dopaminergic neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells. More importantly, utilizing the intrinsic enzyme-like activity of the Au cluster probes, the expression level of MT1-MMP on the SH-SY5Y cells could be assessed by the naked eye without cell lysis and protein extraction process...
March 14, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
Feng Fu, Xiang Zhu, Zhe Qin, Jing-Jing Wang, Chao Xu, Li-Na Wang, Yue Tu, Sai Zhang, Rui-Xin Li, Xiao-Hong Li, Ming-Liang Zhao
Degradation rate is an important index for evaluating biomaterials. The authors' aim was to determine whether the degradation rate of biomaterials is different in distinct tissues and to clarify the underlying mechanism of degradation. The collagen-chitosan (CG-CS) composite scaffolds were prepared using freeze-drying technology. The porosity, water absorption and swelling ratio of the scaffolds were tested in vitro. The scaffolds were implanted into the subcutis, spinal cord and brain tissues of SD rats, the rate of degradation was assessed by continuous monitoring of weight loss, the pathological changes of target areas were observed by histological staining, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and lysozyme were detected at the rapid stage of degradation of the scaffolds...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Cem Gabay, Jérôme Msihid, Moshe Zilberstein, Caroline Paccard, Yong Lin, Neil M H Graham, Anita Boyapati
Introduction: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) orchestrates formation of an inflammatory pannus, leading to joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Sarilumab is a human monoclonal antibody blocking the IL-6Rα. In TARGET (NCT01709578), a phase 3 study in adults with moderate-to-severe RA and inadequate response or intolerance to tumour necrosis factor inhibitors, subcutaneous sarilumab 200 mg or 150 mg every 2 weeks (q2w) plus conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) significantly reduced disease activity versus placebo plus csDMARDs...
2018: RMD Open
Nan Mu, Jintao Gu, Nannan Liu, Xiaochang Xue, Zhen Shu, Kuo Zhang, Tonglie Huang, Chu Chu, Wangqian Zhang, Li Gong, Huadong Zhao, Bo Jia, Dakuan Gao, Lei Shang, Wei Zhang, Qingdong Guo
Purpose: Glioblastoma is the most common and aggressive type of primary brain malignancy and is associated with a poor prognosis. Previously, we found that phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) was significantly up-regulated in glioblastoma as determined by a microarray analysis. However, the function of PRL-3 in glioblastoma remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the clinical relationship between PRL-3 and glioblastoma, and uncover the mechanisms of PRL-3 in the process of glioblastoma. Methods: PRL-3 expression was evaluated in 61 glioblastoma samples and 4 cell lines by RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry...
2018: Theranostics
Xiaoyu Wang, Libing Wang, Yan Xu, Guohua Zhang, Yunlin Wu, Ping Chen
Protein inhibitor of activated signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (PIAS1) is an important regulator of the inflammatory signaling network, the expression of which was decreased in gastric cancer and implicated in the development of cancer. However, its mechanism has not been elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of PIAS1 on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of gastric cancer cells within the inflammatory microenvironment. Recombinant adenovirus Ad5/F35-PIASl and Ad5/F35-null plasmids were constructed to transfect SGC7901 cells...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Hui Cao, Senlin Li, Rui Xie, Na Xu, Ying Qian, Hongdan Chen, Qinyu Hu, Yihong Quan, Zhihong Yu, Junjun Liu, Ming Xiang
Dangguiliuhuang decoction (DGLHD) has been demonstrated to be effective in treating inflammatory, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance. In the study, we tried to elucidate the pharmacological efficacy and mechanism of DGLHD against liver fibrosis and predicate potential active ingredients and targets via network analysis and experimental validation. In the formula, we totally discovered 76 potential active ingredients like baicalein, berberine, and wogonin, and 286 corresponding targets including PTGS (prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase) 2, PPAR (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors) -γ, and NF-κB (nuclear factor-κB)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Selma Cirrik, Geert W Schmid-Schönbein
Increased protease activity causes receptor dysfunction due to extracellular cleavage of different membrane receptors in hypertension. The vasodilatory effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are decreased in hypertension. Therefore, in the present study the association of an enhanced protease activity and IGF-1 receptor cleavage was investigated using the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and their normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) controls (n = 4). Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activities were determined using gelatin zymography on plasma and different tissue samples...
March 19, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Eugenia Roupakia, Georgios Markopoulos, Evangelos Kolettas
Liu and colleagues investigated the expression of matrix matalloproteinases (MMPs) in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLFs) regulated by interleukin-12 (IL-12), a cytokine implicated in inflammatory and immune responses. They showed that IL-12 activates canonical NF-kappaB signalling leading to increased expression of MMP-1 (Interstitial collagenase), MMP-3 (stromelysin 1) and MMP-13 (collagenase 3), and to a smaller reduction in the expression of MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and MMP-9 (gelatinase B) at both mRNA and protein levels, with corresponding changes in the secreted levels of these extracellular matrix-remodelling and immune regulatory metalloproteinases...
March 19, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Jiangchao Li, Xiaohan Zhang, Qing Liu, Mingming Yang, Zijun Zhou, Yuxiang Ye, Zeqi Zhou, Xiaodong He, Lijing Wang
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are found frequently in patients and mice bearing tumors, which derived from immature myeloid cells. In healthy individuals, immature myeloid cells formed in the bone marrow differentiating to dendritic cells, macrophages and neutrophils. However, it is unclear whether some gene deficiency will lead to MDSCs accumulation in mice without bearing tumor. Here, we observed that MDSCs accumulated in the bone marrow of matrix metalloproteinase 12 knockout mice (MMP12-/- mice) compared with wild type mice (MMP12+/+ mice)...
December 13, 2017: Cellular Immunology
Adriana Correa Melo, Isabella Cattani-Cavalieri, Marina Valente Barroso, Nicolas Quesnot, Lycia Brito Gitirana, Manuella Lanzetti, Samuel Santos Valença
Emphysema results in a proteinase - antiproteinase imbalance, inflammation and oxidative stress. Our objective was to investigate whether atorvastatin could repair mouse lungs after elastase-induced emphysema. Vehicle (50 μL) or porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) was administered on day 1, 3, 5 and 7 at 0.6 U intranasally. Male mice were divided into a control group (sham), PPE 32d (sacrificed 24 h after 32 days), PPE 64d (sacrificed 24 h after 64 days), and atorvastatin 1, 5 and 20 mg treated from day 33 until day 64 and sacrificed 24 h later (A1 mg, A5 mg and A20 mg, respectively)...
March 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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