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Intelligence Quotient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784892/food-insecurity-and-primary-school-girl-students-intelligence-quotients-a-case-control-study
#1
Ahmad Reza Dorosty Motlagh, Peivasteh Safarpour, Milad Daneshi Maskooni, Mostafa Hosseini, Farzaneh Ranjbar Noshari
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) refers to the lack of sufficient and safe availability of the food. Accumulating studies have suggested associations between dietary intake and Intelligence quotient (IQ). Accordingly, we aimed to examine the association between FI and IQ. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: In this case-control study, 222 girl students aged 9 to 11 years old were randomly chosen from Bandar-Anzali, Iran in 2013. Students with low and moderate IQ were considered as case (n=111) and control (n=111) group, respectively...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774207/overview-of-social-cognitive-dysfunctions-in-rare-developmental-syndromes-with-psychiatric-phenotype
#2
REVIEW
Aurore Morel, Elodie Peyroux, Arnaud Leleu, Emilie Favre, Nicolas Franck, Caroline Demily
Rare neurodevelopmental syndromes often present social cognitive deficits that may underlie difficulties in social interactions and increase the risk of psychosis or autism spectrum disorders. However, little is known regarding the specificities of social cognitive impairment across syndromes while it remains a major challenge for the care. Our review provides an overview of social cognitive dysfunctions in rare diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms (with a prevalence estimated between 1 in 1,200 and 1 in 25,000 live births: 22q11...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764777/comparison-of-social-interaction-between-cochlear-implanted-children-with-normal-intelligence-undergoing-auditory-verbal-therapy-and-normal-hearing-children-a-pilot-study
#3
Leila Monshizadeh, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Fariba Yadegari, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Petra Kirchem, Fatemeh Kasbi
OBJECTIVE: A cochlear implant is a device that helps hearing-impaired children by transmitting sound signals to the brain and helping them improve their speech, language, and social interaction. Although various studies have investigated the different aspects of speech perception and language acquisition in cochlear-implanted children, little is known about their social skills, particularly Persian-speaking cochlear-implanted children. Considering the growing number of cochlear implants being performed in Iran and the increasing importance of developing near-normal social skills as one of the ultimate goals of cochlear implantation, this study was performed to compare the social interaction between Iranian cochlear-implanted children who have undergone rehabilitation (auditory verbal therapy) after surgery and normal-hearing children...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763350/fluoride-exposure-in-early-life-as-the-possible-root-cause-of-disease-in-later-life
#4
Tetsuo Nakamoto, H Ralph Rawls
Fluoride, one of the most celebrated ingredients for the prevention of dental caries in the 20th century, has also been controversial for its use in dentifrices and other applications. In the current review, we have concentrated primarily on early-life exposure to fluoride and how it may affect the various organs. The most recent controversial aspects of fluoride are related to toxicity of the developing brain and how it may possibly result in the decrease of intelligence quotient (IQ), autism, and calcification of the pineal gland...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754012/clinical-spectrum-of-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-children-an-observational-study
#5
Priyanka Madaan, Sheffali Gulati, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Savita Sapra, Rajesh Sagar, Akbar Mohammad, R M Pandey, Manjari Tripathi
PURPOSE: The current study was designed to analyze the clinical spectrum of Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) in children. METHODS: Children aged 6-16years with clinically suspected PNES, confirmed by short-term VEEG (STVEEG{video electroencephalogram}) and induction were classified as per Seneviratne classification. Stressors, associated co morbidities, Verbal IQ (Intelligence Quotient) and behavioral abnormalities were assessed using HTP(House tree person) test, DSM IV (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders) TR criteria, MISIC (Malin intelligence scale for Indian children) and CBCL (Child behaviour checklist)...
April 27, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750338/influence-of-contraindicated-medication-use-on-cognitive-outcome-in-dravet-syndrome-and-age-at-first-afebrile-seizure-as-a-clinical-predictor-in-scn1a-related-seizure-phenotypes
#6
Iris M de Lange, Boudewijn Gunning, Anja C M Sonsma, Lisette van Gemert, Marjan van Kempen, Nienke E Verbeek, Joost Nicolai, Nine V A M Knoers, Bobby P C Koeleman, Eva H Brilstra
OBJECTIVE: Pathogenic variants in SCN1A can give rise to extremely variable disease severities that may be indistinguishable at their first presentation. We aim to find clinical features that can help predict the evolution of seizures into Dravet syndrome and clinical features that predict cognitive outcome in Dravet syndrome. We specifically investigate the role of contraindicated medication (CIM) as a possible modifier of cognitive decline. METHODS: A cohort of 164 Dutch participants with SCN1A-related seizures was evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746381/raising-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-monolingual-vs-bilingual-homes-a-scoping-review
#7
Michelle Wang, Thivia Jegathesan, Elizabeth Young, Joelene Huber, Ripudaman Minhas
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of children in Canada and the United States are raised in bilingual family homes. Current recommendations for typically developing children are to encourage and support bilingual exposure in the home; however, there are no specific guidelines for families of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), a disorder in which communication deficits are considered a hallmark feature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to present a scoping review of studies that compare cognitive, linguistic, and behavioral outcomes for children with ASDs raised in monolingual vs bilingual homes...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744873/methylphenidate-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents-assessment-of-adverse-events-in-non-randomised-studies
#8
REVIEW
Ole Jakob Storebø, Nadia Pedersen, Erica Ramstad, Maja Lærke Kielsholm, Signe Sofie Nielsen, Helle B Krogh, Carlos R Moreira-Maia, Frederik L Magnusson, Mathilde Holmskov, Trine Gerner, Maria Skoog, Susanne Rosendal, Camilla Groth, Donna Gillies, Kirsten Buch Rasmussen, Dorothy Gauci, Morris Zwi, Richard Kirubakaran, Sasja J Håkonsen, Lise Aagaard, Erik Simonsen, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in childhood. The psychostimulant methylphenidate is the most frequently used medication to treat it. Several studies have investigated the benefits of methylphenidate, showing possible favourable effects on ADHD symptoms, but the true magnitude of the effect is unknown. Concerning adverse events associated with the treatment, our systematic review of randomised clinical trials (RCTs) demonstrated no increase in serious adverse events, but a high proportion of participants suffered a range of non-serious adverse events...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738505/preschoolers-technology-assessed-physical-activity-and-cognitive-function-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Minghui Quan, Hanbin Zhang, Jiayi Zhang, Tang Zhou, Jinming Zhang, Guanggao Zhao, Hui Fang, Shunli Sun, Ru Wang, Peijie Chen
Early childhood is a critical period for development of cognitive function, but research on the association between physical activity and cognitive function in preschool children is limited and inconclusive. This study aimed to examine the association between technology-assessed physical activity and cognitive function in preschool children. A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Physical Activity and Cognitive Development Study was conducted in Shanghai, China. Physical activity was measured with accelerometers for 7 consecutive days, and cognitive functions were assessed using the Chinese version of Wechsler Young Children Scale of Intelligence (C-WYCSI)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736960/kif16b-is-a-candidate-gene-for-a-novel-autosomal-recessive-intellectual-disability-syndrome
#10
Saud Alsahli, Stefan T Arold, Ahmed Alfares, Bader Alhaddad, Mohammed Al Balwi, Erik-Jan Kamsteeg, Waleed Al-Twaijri, Majid Alfadhel
Intellectual disability (ID) and global developmental delay are closely related; the latter is reserved for children under the age of 5 years as it is challenging to reliably assess clinical severity in this population. ID is a common condition, with up to 1%-3% of the population being affected and leading to a huge social and economic impact. ID is attributed to genetic abnormalities most of the time; however, the exact role of genetic involvement in ID is yet to be determined. Whole exome sequencing (WES) has gained popularity in the workup for ID, and multiple studies have been published examining the diagnostic yield in identification of the disease-causing variant (16%-55%), with the genetic involvement increasing as intelligence quotient decreases...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736073/a-study-of-neuropsychological-profile-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-children-and-adolescents-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#11
Vasantmeghna S Murthy, Ajita S Nayak, Minal K Joshi, Kaneenica Ninawe
Aims: The aim is to study the neuropsychological and functional profile of children and adolescents with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the association between the neuropsychological status and medical illness variables, treatment variables, and functional status in the cases of the sample and compare with normal controls. Materials and Methods: Forty-two HIV-positive children and adolescents on ART were evaluated and compared with 40 matched controls not known to be HIV-positive...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730500/changes-in-antiepileptic-drug-prescribing-patterns-in-pregnant-women-with-epilepsy
#12
Kimford J Meador, Page B Pennell, Ryan C May, Elizabeth Gerard, Laura Kalayjian, Naymee Velez-Ruiz, Patricia Penovich, Jennifer Cavitt, Jaqueline French, Sean Hwang, Alison M Pack, Maria Sam, Eugene Moore, Dominic M Ippolito
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed current prescribing patterns for antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in pregnant women with epilepsy (PWWE) at 20 USA tertiary epilepsy centers. METHODS: The Maternal Outcomes and Neurodevelopmental Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs (MONEAD) study is an NIH-funded, prospective, observational, multicenter investigation of pregnancy outcomes for both mother and child, which enrolled women from December 2012 to January 2016. Inclusion criteria for PWWE included ages 14-45 years and up to 20 weeks gestational age...
May 3, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727133/identifying-vulnerable-periods-of-neurotoxicity-to-triclosan-exposure-in-children
#13
Medina S Jackson-Browne, George D Papandonatos, Aimin Chen, Antonia M Calafat, Kimberly Yolton, Bruce P Lanphear, Joseph M Braun
BACKGROUND: Exposure to triclosan, an endocrine disrupting chemical, may affect thyroid hormone homeostasis and adversely affect neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVE: Using a longitudinal pregnancy and birth cohort, we investigated associations between triclosan exposures during different time windows, and cognitive test scores at 8 y of age in 198 children from the HOME Study. METHODS: We quantified triclosan in urine samples from mother-child pairs up to nine times between the second trimester of gestation and 8 y of age...
May 2, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720288/prenatal-malnutrition-and-adult-cognitive-impairment-a-natural-experiment-from-the-1959-1961-chinese-famine
#14
Ping He, Li Liu, J M Ian Salas, Chao Guo, Yunfei Cheng, Gong Chen, Xiaoying Zheng
The current measures of cognitive functioning in adulthood do not indicate a long-term association with prenatal exposure to the Dutch famine. However, whether such association emerges in China is poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the potential effect of prenatal exposure to the 1959-1961 Chinese famine on adult cognitive impairment. We obtained data from the Second National Sample Survey on Disability implemented in thirty-one provinces in 2006, and restricted our analysis to 387 093 individuals born in 1956-1965...
May 3, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719644/contrast-sensitivity-abnormalities-in-deaf-individuals
#15
Masoud Khorrami-Nejad, Javad Heravian, Farshad Askarizadeh, Davood Sobhani-Rad
Purpose: Hearing impaired children are heavily dependent on their sense of vision to develop efficient communication skills; any contrast sensitivity defect can negatively impact their lives because they are not able to use auditory stimuli to recognize probable dangers in the world around them. The purpose of this study was to determine the contrast sensitivity abnormalities in deaf individuals. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, contrast sensitivity of 15- to 20-year-old high-school boys with hearing disability from Tehran, Iran were evaluated...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716859/impact-of-blood-lead-level-on-haemoglobin-and-intelligence-among-school-children-living-near-lead-based-industries
#16
Bhima Uma Maheswari, Rajagopalan Vijayaraghavan, Thuppil Venkatesh
Blood lead level and its impact on haemoglobin and intelligence among school children near lead based industries, and to supplement them with a nutritious food for its effect, were studied. Blood was withdrawn from 120 children (9-12 years) and lead was estimated by Lead Care Analyzer Kit and haemoglobin by auto analyser. Culture Fair Non-verbal Test was used to assess the Intelligence Quotient. After pre-test, the experimental group (n = 60) were given nutritional supplementation for 3 months and education on hygiene measures, while the control group (n = 60) did not receive them...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701730/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-aged-8-years-autism-and-developmental-disabilities-monitoring-network-11-sites-united-states-2014
#17
Jon Baio, Lisa Wiggins, Deborah L Christensen, Matthew J Maenner, Julie Daniels, Zachary Warren, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Walter Zahorodny, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Tiffany White, Maureen S Durkin, Pamela Imm, Loizos Nikolaou, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, Li-Ching Lee, Rebecca Harrington, Maya Lopez, Robert T Fitzgerald, Amy Hewitt, Sydney Pettygrove, John N Constantino, Alison Vehorn, Josephine Shenouda, Jennifer Hall-Lande, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Nicole F Dowling
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children aged 8 years whose parents or guardians reside within 11 ADDM sites in the United States (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Wisconsin)...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696034/review-of-iodine-nutrition-in-iranian-population-in-the-past-quarter-of-century
#18
REVIEW
Hossein Delshad, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Iodine deficiency is one of the most important health problems worldwide. The overall aim of this study was a narrative review of the past and present status of iodine nutrition in the Iranian population to gather and provide valuable background data in this field for future studies. Evidence Acquisition: For this narrative literature review study, published internal (SID, Iran doc, Iran medex) and international (Web of knowledge, Pubmed, SCOPUS) source studies were searched using the following medical subject heading terms: Iodine, IDD (iodine deficiency disorders), UIC (urinary iodine concentration), Goiter, IQ (intelligence quotient), thyroid hormone, Iodine and pregnancy, Iodine and breast feeding, as well as Iodized salt, reporting the prevalence of iodine deficiency and iodine nutrition status of different target populations in Iran over 25 years, between 1988 - 2014, were assessed...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692704/left-parietal-functional-connectivity-mediates-the-association-between-comt-rs4633-and-verbal-intelligence-in-healthy-adults
#19
Qiang Xu, Jilian Fu, Feng Liu, Wen Qin, Bing Liu, Tianzi Jiang, Chunshui Yu
In Chinese Han population, Catechol-O-methyltransferase gene ( COMT) rs4633 is found to be associated with impaired cognitive process. We aimed to investigate the association between COMT rs4633 and verbal intelligence and the underlying neural mechanisms in Chinese Han healthy young adults. In 256 Chinese Han healthy young adults, we explored the modulatory effects of COMT rs4633 on verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ) and functional connectivity density (FCD) of the brain and the mediation effect of FCD on the association between COMT and VIQ...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691880/early-postnatal-growth-and-neurodevelopment-in-children-born-moderately-preterm-or-small-for-gestational-age-at-term-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Marion Taine, Marie-Aline Charles, Jacques Beltrand, Jean Christophe Rozé, Juliane Léger, Jérémie Botton, Barbara Heude
BACKGROUND: Clinicians' interest in the long-term effects of early postnatal growth (EPG) is growing. There is compelling evidence linking rapid EPG with later cardiovascular risk, but its neurodevelopmental benefits still remain hypothetical in individuals born moderately preterm (MP) or small for gestational at term (SGAT). METHODS: The objective was to perform a systematic review of the relationship between EPG before age 3 years and neurodevelopmental outcome for individuals born MP (32-36 weeks' gestational age) or SGAT...
April 25, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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