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Intelligence Quotient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219251/childhood-intelligence-and-early-tooth-wear-patterns
#1
Tuomo Heikkinen, Jaana Rusanen, Koshi Sato, Paula Pesonen, Virpi Harila, Lassi Alvesalo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the relationships between early dental wear patterns and preschool IQ (Intelligence Quotient, by Stanford-Binet) of the child to illuminate the historic relationship of mental queries and bruxism. METHODS: The dental study participants were 864 Euro-American preschool and school children whose IQs were tested for school maturity purposes at the age of 4 years, followed by dental data in a cross-sectional manner at the mean age of 7...
February 20, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217543/effect-of-fluoridated-water-on-intelligence-in-10-12-year-old-school-children
#2
A Aravind, R S Dhanya, Ajay Narayan, George Sam, V J Adarsh, M Kiran
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of drinking water fluoride levels with children's intelligence quotient (IQ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Water was collected from initially identified endemic fluoride regions according to the geological research of Government of India. Fluoride concentration of the water was assessed by utilizing fluoride ion selective electrode, Orion 9609BN, and categorized on the basis of fluoride concentration into low, medium, and high-fluoride regions, i...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215253/early-features-associated-with-the-neurocognitive-development-at-36-months-of-age-the-aube-study
#3
Sabine Plancoulaine, Camille Stagnara, Sophie Flori, Flora Bat-Pitault, Jian-Sheng Lin, Hugues Patural, Patricia Franco
BACKGROUND: Few studies on the relations between sleep quantity and/or quality and cognition have been conducted among preschoolers from healthy general population. We aimed at identifying, among 36 months old children, early factors associated with intelligence quotient (IQ) estimated through the Weschler Preschool and Primary Scale Intelligence-III test and its indicators: Full-Scale-, Verbal- and Performance-IQs and their subscale scores. METHODS: We included 194 children from the French birth cohort AuBE with both available Weschler Preschool and Primary Scale Intelligence-III scores at three years and sleep data...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212177/neurocognitive-outcomes-for-acute-global-acquired-brain-injury-in-children
#4
Fenella J Kirkham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In children, acute global brain injury from traumatic brain injury (TBI) and nontraumatic coma has a substantial cost to the child, the family, and the society. There have historically been relatively few studies looking at long-term cognition and behavioural outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Long-term follow-up studies, population-based studies, and meta-analyses are now available for TBI in children as well as adults and suggest that there is a significant cognitive cost, particularly for processing speed, working memory, and intelligence quotient (IQ) in severe TBI...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189001/functional-outcome-at-school-age-of-children-born-with-gastroschisis
#5
Chiara C M M Lap, Sandra W Bolhuis, Koenraad N J A Van Braeckel, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Gwendolyn T R Manten, Arend F Bos, Jan B F Hulscher
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine motor, cognitive and behavioural outcomes of school aged children born with gastroschisis compared to matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: We compared outcomes of 16 children born with gastroschisis treated at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands, between 1999 and 2006 with 32 controls matched for gender, gestational age, birth weight, and corrected for small for gestational age (SGA) and parental socioeconomic status (SES)...
February 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177185/effect-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-on-the-early-intellectual-development-of-preterm-infants
#6
Fatao Lin, Haipeng Dong, Yanyan Song, Tengwei Zhang, Junye Qi, Xuwen Xiao, Yueju Cai
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the effect of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) on the early intellectual development of preterm infants. METHODS: From 2011 to 2015, 83 preterm infants diagnosed with BPD were recruited to the BPD group, and 89 preterm infants without BPD and 98 healthy term infants were randomly recruited to the non-BPD and term group, respectively. Neural and intellectual development according to the Gesell Development Scale were evaluated and compared between groups at 0-3 months, 3-6 months, 6-9 months, and 9-12 months of adjusted age for preterm infants and real age for term infants...
February 8, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147434/editorial-comment-to-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-is-associated-with-lower-intelligence-quotient-scores-in-boys-from-poorer-socioeconomic-status-families
#7
Kazuyoshi Johnin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141739/improving-cognitive-outcomes-for-pediatric-stroke
#8
Mardee Greenham, Vicki Anderson, Mark T Mackay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The past 20 years have seen a 35% increase in prevalence of pediatric stroke. Contrary to widely held views, children do not recover better than adults. This review explores the impact of pediatric stroke on cognitive domains, including intellectual and executive functions, memory and behavior, and the influence of age, lesion characteristics, and comorbidities on outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Cognitive problems occur in up to half of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke survivors...
January 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141730/-footprints-in-the-bathroom-the-role-of-spirituality-in-patient-diagnosis
#9
Veronica Meneses, Douglas Vanderbilt, Linda Barnes, Marilyn Augustyn
Lucy is a 12-year-old Latina whose mother brought her to the pediatric clinic for help with her anxiety symptoms, "hearing voices," and episodes of "spacing out." Lucy did not cry at birth secondary to vocal cord paralysis and still has the tracheostomy performed at a few days of life. In addition to her neonatal intensive care unit stay, she has been hospitalized for pneumonia. Her mother says she is "sickly" and has a weak immune system due to her asthma symptoms. Lucy also experiences somatic complaints related to gastroesophageal reflux and constipation...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141718/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-behavior-regulation-and-virtual-school-support
#10
Claire Wallace, Carolyn E Ievers-Landis, Catherine Scherer, Nancy Roizen, Marilyn Augustyn
Tony is a 6-year-old multiracial boy diagnosed as having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-combined type who is followed in your primary care practice and has started on a stimulant medication. Tony continues to have difficulty with emotion regulation and impulse control both at home and at school. He was asked to leave his private school soon after beginning first grade because of physical fighting, emotional outbursts, and arguing with teachers.His mother made the decision to enroll Tony in online virtual schooling for the remainder of the academic year, with the plan to transition back to traditional school for the next academic year...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141710/the-curse-of-the-dolphins-cognitive-decline-and-psychosis
#11
Randall Phelps, Anne Tsai, Arlene Hagen, Joseph Pinter, Raegan Smith, Martin T Stein
Isela is an 11-year-old Mexican-American girl with mild intellectual disability. During a vacation with her family, she went swimming with dolphins. A few days later, Isela awoke at night with laughing spells; during the day, she was pacing, aggressive, and had a decline in self-care and communication skills. Her parents attributed the symptoms to the dolphins. She was evaluated by a pediatric neurologist. The sleep-deprived electroencephalogram, brain magnetic resonance imaging, lumbar puncture, and thyroid function tests were normal...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140403/medical-history-of-discordant-twins-and-environmental-etiologies-of-autism
#12
C Willfors, T Carlsson, B-M Anderlid, A Nordgren, E Kostrzewa, S Berggren, A Ronald, R Kuja-Halkola, K Tammimies, S Bölte
The environmental contributions to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their informative content for diagnosing the condition are still largely unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between early medical events and ASD, as well as autistic traits, in twins, to test the hypothesis of a cumulative environmental effect on ASD risk. A total of 80 monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs (including a rare sample of 13 twin pairs discordant for clinical ASD) and 46 dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs with varying autistic traits, were examined for intra-pair differences in early medical events (for example, obstetric and neonatal factors, first year infections)...
January 31, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125077/cognitive-outcomes-and-age-of-detection-of-severe-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-1
#13
Scott D Grosse, Wendy K K Lam, Lisa D Wiggins, Alex R Kemper
The US Secretary of Health and Human Services recommended in February 2016 that mucopolysaccharidosis type 1 (MPS I) be added to the recommended uniform screening panel for state newborn screening programs. One of the key factors in this decision was the evidence suggesting that earlier treatment with hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for the most severe form, Hurler syndrome (MPS IH), would lead to improved cognitive outcomes. Consistent evidence from peer-reviewed studies suggests that transplantation in the first year of life is associated with improved developmental quotient or intelligence quotient and continued cognitive growth, with earlier age of treatment associated with improved outcomes...
January 26, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122391/primary-nocturnal-enuresis-is-associated-with-lower-intelligence-quotient-scores-in-boys-from-poorer-socioeconomic-status-families
#14
Abbas Basiri, Seyed Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Alireza Khoshdel, Niloofar Jalaly, Shabnam Golshan, Hamid Pakmanesh
OBJECTIVES: To explore intelligence quotient in boys with primary nocturnal enuresis compared with normal boys considering their socioeconomic status. METHODS: A total of 152 school-aged boys (including 55 boys with primary nocturnal enuresis and 97 matched normal controls) were assessed. Boys with a history of any neurological or urological disease were excluded. Two different districts of Tehran: Khani-Abad (a poor district) and Pirouzi (a middle class district) districts were enrolled according to socioeconomic status data reported by the World Health Organization...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117840/mir-137-derived-polygenic-risk-effects-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-controls
#15
D Cosgrove, D Harold, O Mothersill, R Anney, M J Hill, N J Bray, G Blokland, T Petryshen, A Richards, K Mantripragada, M Owen, M C O'Donovan, M Gill, A Corvin, D W Morris, G Donohoe
Variants at microRNA-137 (MIR137), one of the most strongly associated schizophrenia risk loci identified to date, have been associated with poorer cognitive performance. As microRNA-137 is known to regulate the expression of ~1900 other genes, including several that are independently associated with schizophrenia, we tested whether this gene set was also associated with variation in cognitive performance. Our analysis was based on an empirically derived list of genes whose expression was altered by manipulation of MIR137 expression...
January 24, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115851/cognitive-profiles-in-bilingual-children-born-to-immigrant-parents-and-italian-monolingual-native-children-with-specific-learning-disorders
#16
Anna Riva, Renata Nacinovich, Nadia Bertuletti, Valentina Montrasi, Sara Marchetti, Francesca Neri, Monica Bomba
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children(®) - fourth edition IV (WISC IV) intellectual profile of two groups of children with specific learning disorder, a group of bilingual children and a group of monolingual Italian children, in order to identify possible significant differences between them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A group of 48 bilingual children and a group of 48 Italian monolingual children were included in this study...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099526/executive-functioning-in-men-with-schizophrenia-and-substance-use-disorders-influence-of-lifetime-suicide-attempts
#17
Ana Adan, Maria Del Mar Capella, Gemma Prat, Diego A Forero, Silvia López-Vera, José Francisco Navarro
BACKGROUND: Lifetime suicide attempts in patients with comorbidity between psychotic disorders and Substance Use Disorder (SUD), known as dual diagnosis, was associated with a worse clinical and cognitive state, poor prognosis and premature death. However, to date no previous study has examined the cognitive performance of these patients considering as independent the presence or absence of lifetime suicide attempts. METHODS: We explore executive functioning differences between suicide attempters and non-attempters in dual schizophrenia (DS) patients and the possible related factors for both executive performance and current suicide risk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099397/the-effects-of-attention-problems-on-psychosocial-functioning-in-childhood-brain-tumor-survivors-a-2-year-postcraniospinal-irradiation-follow-up
#18
Yunhye Oh, Hyunjung Seo, Ki Woong Sung, Yoo Sook Joung
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychosocial outcomes and impact of attention problems in survivors of pediatric brain tumor. STUDY DESIGN: The survivors' cognitive functioning was measured using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. The Child Behavior Checklist-Attention Problems scale was used to screen for attention problems, and participants were classified as having attention problems (n=15) or normal attention (n=36). Psychosocial functioning was examined with the Korean Personality Rating scale for Children (K-PRC) at precraniospinal radiation and at 2-year follow-up...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097835/cognitive-profiles-of-patients-with-early-detected-and-treated-congenital-hypothyroidism
#19
María L Pardo Campos, Mariel Musso, Ana Keselman, Laura Gruñeiro, Ignacio Bergadá, Ana Chiesa
INTRODUCTION: Children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) detected by newborn screening and adequately treated may have mild cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVES">To assess the intelligence quotient of children with CH and identify the presence of specific cognitive deficits. POPULATION AND METHODS: A group of 60 children with CH detected by newborn screening, who were aged 9-10 years old and received adequate treatment since their first month of life was selected and compared to a control group of 60 children without CH in the same age range...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089981/sleep-disturbances-and-neurobehavioral-performance-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#20
Teresa M Ward, Dean W Beebe, Maida Lynn Chen, Carol A Landis, Sarah Ringold, Ken Pike, Carol A Wallace
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent of polysomnographic (PSG) sleep disturbances [obstructive apnea hypopnea index (OAHI), number of wake bouts, arousals, periodic limb movements] and the effect of OAHI on neurobehavioral performance in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), JIA without OSA, and controls without OSA, adjusting for intelligence quotient (IQ), pain, medications, daytime sleepiness, and wake bouts. METHODS: Children 6-11 years, 68 with JIA and 67 controls, underwent 1 night of PSG and completed self-reported daytime sleepiness surveys, multiple sleep latency tests for physiological sleepiness, and neurobehavioral performance tests the next day...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
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