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Intelligence Quotient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152209/case-control-study-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-persistent-post-concussion-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Paul G Harch, Susan R Andrews, Edward F Fogarty, Juliette Lucarini, Keith W Van Meter
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) persistent post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are epidemic in United States Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. Treatment of the combined diagnoses is limited. The aim of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for mild TBI PPCS and PTSD. Thirty military subjects aged 18-65 with PPCS with or without PTSD and from one or more blast-induced mild-moderate traumatic brain injuries that were a minimum of 1 year old and occurred after 9/11/2001 were studied...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150869/maternal-mood-disorders-and-lithium-exposure-in-utero-were-not-associated-with-poor-cognitive-development-during-childhood
#2
L Forsberg, M Adler, I Römer Ek, M Ljungdahl, L Navér, L L Gustafsson, G Berglund, A Chotigasatien, U Hammar, B Böhm, K Wide
AIM: This study evaluated whether maternal mood disorders, particularly bipolar disorder, and lithium treatment during pregnancy influenced the neonatal health and cognition of children born from 2006- 2010. METHODS: Our study at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, focused on women with and without mood disorders and their children. Information on pharmacotherapy, mental health, delivery and neonatal complications was retrospectively collected from electronic patient records...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136227/developmental-outcome-of-9-year-old-children-born-after-pgs-follow-up-of-a-randomized-trial
#3
Derk Kuiper, Anne Bennema, Sacha la Bastide-van Gemert, Jorien Seggers, Pamela Schendelaar, Sebastiaan Mastenbroek, Annemieke Hoek, Maas Jan Heineman, Tessa J Roseboom, Joke H Kok, Mijna Hadders-Algra
STUDY QUESTION: Does Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS affect neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: We did not find evidence of adverse consequences of Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS on neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring, although children born after IVF with or without PGS often had a non-optimal neurological condition. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Knowledge on long-term sequelae for development and health of children born following PGS is lacking...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128471/development-of-verbal-short-term-memory-and-working-memory-in-children-with-epilepsy-developmental-delay-and-impact-of-time-related-variables-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Loretta van Iterson, Peter F de Jong
While short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) are understood as being crucial for learning, and children with epilepsy often experience learning difficulties, little is known about the age-related development of memory span tasks in children with epilepsy. Short-term memory and WM, operationalized as digit span forwards (DSF) or digit span backwards (DSB), respectively, were studied. Participants were 314 children with epilepsy and 327 typically developing children in ages between 5 and 15years and full scale intelligence quotient (FS-IQ)≥75...
November 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124442/neuropsychological-profile-in-parents-of-adult-phenylketonuria-patients
#5
Gabriella Santangelo, Fausta Piscopo, Franco Santangelo, Luigi Trojano
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder caused by an inborn error of metabolism, causing cognitive and behavioral disorders when not treated. Heterozygotes (i.e., patients' parents) were described with low verbal intelligence quotient, but no study systematically investigated cognitive functions in PKU parents. To obtain a neuropsychological profile in heterozygotes, we compared cognitive performance of heterozygotes and healthy controls (HC) on cognitive battery. Twelve heterozygotes and 14 HCs underwent standardized neuropsychological tasks assessing frontal/executive functions, memory, and visuospatial abilities...
November 9, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110533/childhood-language-skills-and-adolescent-self-esteem-in-preterm-survivors
#6
Umna A Islam, Kristie L Poole, Louis A Schmidt, Jennifer Ford, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Fifty-seven percent of children with poor language skills are affected by socio-emotional problems. Despite the importance of language skills to interpersonal functioning and school performance, relatively little is known about how they affect self-esteem in adolescence. Data on youth at high risk for language problems (e.g. those born extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 grams)) are even more scarce. This prospective study examined associations between language skills at age 8 and self-esteem during adolescence (12-16 years) in individuals born at ELBW ( N = 138) or normal birth weight (NBW; >2500 grams) ( N = 111)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104391/emerging-understanding-of-emotional-intelligence-of-teenagers
#7
Punya Sekhri, Meera Sandhu, Vinod Sachdev
Aim: Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to use emotions effectively and productively. It is becoming increasingly clear that these skills are one of the primary foundations for better performance of students in classrooms and in the society as well and EI provides the basis for competencies important "in almost every job." So we accessed the EI of teenagers as a guide of their academic score. Study design: We analyzed the correlation of academic score to the EI of teenagers in regular schools and part-time unconventional coaching institute using the Bar-On Emotional Quotient questionnaire...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096527/correlates-of-adaptive-behavior-profiles-in-a-large-cohort-of-children-with-autism-the-autism-speaks-autism-treatment-network-registry-data
#8
Manina Pathak, Amanda Bennett, Amy M Shui
Children with autism spectrum disorder have deficits in adaptive functioning. This study examines the adaptive behavior, its association with cognitive ability, gender, age, and symptom severity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from Autism Treatment Network registry, the adaptive behavior profiles were examined in 2538 school-aged children (between 5 and 17 years, mean: 8.8 years, standard deviation: 3.0) who had an overall intelligence quotient and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale scores available...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093147/advancing-the-measurement-of-dental-students-professionalism
#9
Sandra Farah-Franco, Gail Singer-Chang, Harshavardhan Deoghare
In dental education, professionalism has been viewed as a requirement in order to achieve and maintain competence in the practice of dentistry. The Professionalism Mini-Evaluation Exercise (P-MEX), a 21-item instrument validated in medicine, is often used to measure the following observable professionalism behaviors: doctor-patient relationship, reflective skills, time management skills, and interprofessional relationship skills. Emotional intelligence (EI) is defined as the ability to accurately perceive emotions in oneself and in others in order to improve performance and personal growth...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091783/neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-prenatally-diagnosed-isolated-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#10
Lise Folliot-Le Doussal, Alexandra Chadie, Marie Brasseur-Daudruy, Eric Verspyck, Pascale Saugier-Veber, Stéphane Marret
Neurodevelopmental outcome in children with agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is correlated with the presence or absence of associated brain abnormalities. Indeed, neurodevelopmental outcome shows severe disabilities when the ACC is not isolated whereas in isolated forms, the neurologic development is mainly normal. Contrary to data in several published studies, the prognosis remains uncertain even in isolated forms, which may lead in France to medical termination of pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in children with prenatally diagnosed isolated ACC...
October 29, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083944/the-relation-between-emotional-intelligence-and-resilience-in-at-risk-populations
#11
Adam W McCrimmon, Emma A Climie, Stephany Huynh
PURPOSE: Resilience factors and their relation to emotional intelligence (EI) as a potential strength for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) were investigated. Children with either ADHD or HFASD were hypothesized to demonstrate reduced EI and differential relations between EI and resilience as compared to typically developing (TD) children. METHODS: Fifty-four children aged 8-12 years (18 with ADHD, 18 with HFASD, and 18 TD controls) completed the Resilience Scales for Children and Adolescents and BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069568/surgery-for-drug-resistant-epilepsy-in-children
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rekha Dwivedi, Bhargavi Ramanujam, P Sarat Chandra, Savita Sapra, Sheffali Gulati, Mani Kalaivani, Ajay Garg, Chandra S Bal, Madhavi Tripathi, Sada N Dwivedi, Rajesh Sagar, Chitra Sarkar, Manjari Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical treatment may improve seizures in children and adolescents with drug-resistant epilepsy, but additional data are needed from randomized trials. METHODS: In this single-center trial, we randomly assigned 116 patients who were 18 years of age or younger with drug-resistant epilepsy to undergo brain surgery appropriate to the underlying cause of epilepsy along with appropriate medical therapy (surgery group, 57 patients) or to receive medical therapy alone (medical-therapy group, 59 patients)...
October 26, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055263/sub-cortical-brain-morphometry-and-its-relationship-with-cognition-in-rolandic-epilepsy
#13
Mahsa Shakeri, Alexandre N Datta, Domitille Malfait, Nadine Oser, Laurent Létourneau-Guillon, Philippe Major, Myriam Srour, Alan Tucholka, Samuel Kadoury, Sarah Lippé
PURPOSE: Rolandic epilepsy (RE), also called benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is the most common childhood epilepsy syndrome. RE is associated with cognitive difficulties, which can affect children's quality of life. The underlying causes of these cognitive impairments are unclear. The objective of this prospective study is to investigate sub-cortical morphological alterations in RE children with left, right, or bilateral hemispheric focus and its association with cognition...
October 7, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042876/does-emotional-intelligence-fluctuate-within-clinical-depressive-condition
#14
Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Hee Park, Duk-In Jon, Myung Hun Jung, Narei Hong
OBJECTIVE: Emotional intelligence (EI) is regarded an important factor related to psychiatric disorder. Most of previous studies of EI and depression only dealt with EI in present of depressive symptoms. Our study investigated EI both before and after remission of depression and to identify which component of EI is changeable by depression condition. METHODS: EI was evaluated for 23 depression patients and 44 normal control participants. Adult Emotional Quotient Test (AEQT) was used as subjective EI measure and Emotional Literacy Test (ELT) was used as objective EI measure to both groups...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036850/methodology-for-the-development-of-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#15
D Rivera, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology utilized to calculate reliability and the generation of norms for 10 neuropsychological tests for children in Spanish-speaking countries. METHOD: The study sample consisted of over 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Inclusion criteria for all countries were to have between 6 to 17 years of age, an Intelligence Quotient of≥80 on the Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence (TONI-2), and score of <19 on the Children's Depression Inventory...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036388/risk-factors-for-suicidality-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-of-96-studies
#16
Ryan Michael Cassidy, Fang Yang, Flávio Kapczinski, Ives Cavalcante Passos
The lifetime risk of suicide and suicide attempt in patients with schizophrenia are 5% and 25%-50%, respectively. The current meta-analysis aims to determine risk factors associated with suicidality in subjects with schizophrenia. We searched Pubmed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the reference lists of included studies. Inclusion criteria were met if an article reported a dichotomous sample of patients with schizophrenia with suicidal ideation, attempted suicide, or suicide compared to patients without. We also performed a cohort study meta-analysis as a supplemental analysis...
September 23, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030199/effect-of-iodine-supplementation-in-pregnant-women-on-child-neurodevelopment-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Sueppong Gowachirapant, Nidhi Jaiswal, Alida Melse-Boonstra, Valeria Galetti, Sara Stinca, Ian Mackenzie, Susan Thomas, Tinku Thomas, Pattanee Winichagoon, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Michael B Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency during pregnancy might be associated with reduced intelligence quotient (IQ) score in offspring. We assessed the effect of iodine supplementation in mildly iodine-deficient pregnant women on neurodevelopment of their offspring in areas where schoolchildren were iodine sufficient. METHODS: In this randomised, placebo-controlled trial, pregnant women in Bangalore, India, and Bangkok, Thailand, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive 200 μg iodine orally once a day or placebo until delivery...
November 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027643/contribution-of-theory-of-mind-executive-functioning-and-pragmatics-to-socialization-behaviors-of-children-with-high-functioning-autism
#18
Carmen Berenguer, Ana Miranda, Carla Colomer, Inmaculada Baixauli, Belén Roselló
Social difficulties are a key aspect of autism, but the intervening factors are still poorly understood. This study had two objectives: to compare the profile of ToM skills, executive functioning (EF), and pragmatic competence (PC) of children with high-functioning autism (HFA) and children with typical development (TD), and analyze their mediator role in social functioning. The participants were 52 children with HFA and 37 children with TD matched on age, intelligence quotient, and expressive vocabulary. Significant differences were found on measures of ToM, both explicit and applied, EF, and PC between children with HFA and TD...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026697/effect-of-fluoride-concentration-in-drinking-water-on-intelligence-quotient-of-12-14-year-old-children-in-mathura-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Priyanka Razdan, Basavaraj Patthi, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Nikhil Agnihotri, Prajakta Chaudhari, Monika Prasad
AIMS: The aim was to assess and correlate the influence of the concentration of fluoride in ingested water on the intelligence quotient (IQ) of 12-14-year-old youngsters in Mathura district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 219 children were selected, 75 from low F area, 75 medium F area, and 69 from high F area. The concentration of fluoride in the routinely ingested water was estimated using "Ion Selective Electrode method"; then, Raven's Test was utilized to estimate the IQ of the study participants...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992219/childhood-health-outcomes-in-term-large-for-gestational-age-babies-with-different-postnatal-growth-patterns
#20
Xiaoping Lei, Dongying Zhao, Lisu Huang, Zhongcheng Luo, Jun Zhang, Xiaodan Yu, Yongjun Zhang
Large-for-gestational-age (LGA) babies have a higher risk of metabolic disease later in life, and their postnatal growth in early childhood may be associated with long-term outcomes. This study is aimed to determine childhood health outcomes of term LGA babies with different growth patterns. Data were obtained from the U.S. Collaborative Perinatal Project between 1959 and 1976. The growth trajectories of 3316 term LGA babies were identified and odds ratios (ORs) of obesity, growth restriction, low intelligence quotient (IQ) and high blood pressure (HBP) were calculated by logistic regression...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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