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Intelligence Quotient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905667/the-relationship-between-intelligence-quotient-and-aspects-of-everyday-functioning-and-participation-for-people-who-have-mild-and-borderline-intellectual-disabilities
#1
Patrik Arvidsson, Mats Granlund
BACKGROUND: This study explored the relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and aspects of everyday functioning/participation in individuals (age 16-40) who have a mild/borderline intellectual disability (IQ 55-85). METHOD: Correlations were examined between IQ and (i) self-rated (n = 72) ability, participation as performance (how often an activity is performed), important participation restriction (not/seldom performing an activity perceived as important) and general well-being and (ii) proxy-rated (n = 41) ability and participation as performance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891420/suboptimal-performance-in-cleft-lip-palate-children-who-is-responsible
#2
Bhavana B Lakhkar
Information in this article is from an observational study comparing intelligence in children with cleft lip and palate with normal children. Both groups performed "draw a man test", the investigator noted the attitude and behaviour of children and their parents. The study shows low, but normal intelligence quotient in children with oral defects as compared to normal. The probable reason for sub-normal performance appeared to be overprotective attitude of parents and poor self esteem of children with oral defects...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881961/functional-connectivity-of-child-and-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-patients-correlation-with-iq
#3
Bo-Yong Park, Jisu Hong, Seung-Hak Lee, Hyunjin Park
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a pervasive neuropsychological disorder that affects both children and adolescents. Child and adolescent ADHD patients exhibit different behavioral symptoms such as hyperactivity and impulsivity, but not much connectivity research exists to help explain these differences. We analyzed openly accessible resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data on 112 patients (28 child ADHD, 28 adolescent ADHD, 28 child normal control (NC), and 28 adolescent NC)...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880065/fluctuations-in-the-emotional-intelligence-of-therapy-students-during-clinical-placements-implication-for-educators-supervisors-and-students
#4
Nigel Gribble, Richard K Ladyshewsky, Richard Parsons
This study investigated the changes in emotional intelligence (EI) of occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and speech pathology students (therapy students). Clinical placements have multiple benefits including the development of interprofessional skills, enhancing practice skills and interpersonal skills. Higher EI competencies have been shown to have a positive impact on patient outcomes, teamwork skills, dealing with stress, and patient satisfaction. Data for this study were collected at two time points: before third-year therapy students commenced extended clinical placements (T1 with 261 students) and approximately 7 months later after students had completed one or more clinical placements (T2 with 109 students)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876835/folic-acid-supplementation-improves-cognitive-function-by-reducing-the-levels-of-peripheral-inflammatory-cytokines-in-elderly-chinese-subjects-with-mci
#5
Fei Ma, Tianfeng Wu, Jiangang Zhao, Aili Song, Huan Liu, Weili Xu, Guowei Huang
This study aimed to evaluate whether folic acid supplementation would improve cognitive performance by reducing serum inflammatory cytokine concentrations. This RCT was performed in Tianjin, China. Participants with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were randomly assigned to the folic acid (400 μg/day) or conventional treatment groups. Neuropsychological tests were administered, and folate, homocysteine, vitamin B12, IL-6, TNF-α, Aβ-42, and Aβ-40 were measured at baseline and at 6- and 12-month time points...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869906/-emotional-intelligence-index-a-tool-for-the-routine-assessment-of-mental-health-promotion-programs-in-schools
#6
Franco Veltro, Valentina Ialenti, Manuel Alejandro Morales García, Antonella Gigantesco
AIM: After critical examination of several aspects relating to the evaluation of some dimensions of emotional intelligence through self-assessment tools, is described the procedure of construction and validation of an Index for its measurement, conceived only for the routine assessment of health promotion programs mental in schools that include among their objectives the improvement of emotional intelligence specifically "outcome-oriented". METHODS: On the basis of the two most common international tools, are listed 27 items plus 6 of control, illustrated two Focus Group (FG) of students (face validity)...
September 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869148/motor-noise-is-rich-signal-in-autism-research-and-pharmacological-treatments
#7
E B Torres, K Denisova
The human body is in constant motion, from every breath that we take, to every visibly purposeful action that we perform. Remaining completely still on command is a major achievement as involuntary fluctuations in our motions are difficult to keep under control. Here we examine the noise-to-signal ratio of micro-movements present in time-series of head motions extracted from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans in 1048 participants. These included individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and healthy-controls in shared data from the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (ABIDE) and the Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD-200) databases...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862292/author-s-response-to-suggestion-of-publication-bias-in-a-recent-meta-analysis-on-breastfeeding-and-intelligence-quotient
#8
Bernardo Lessa Horta, Cesar G Victora
In his comment on our meta-analysis (1), which reported that breastfeeding was positively associated with performance in intelligence tests, Ritchie (2) pointed out that the discussion of publication bias was suboptimal and that such bias may have overestimated the pooled effect. He reached this conclusion after carrying out several publication bias tests and gave greater importance to the p values than to a critical examination of the data. Firstly, it is important to make it clear that publication bias is not the only explanation for funnel plot asymmetry, as heterogeneity can lead to such asymmetry if the effect of exposure is larger among the small studies included in a systematic review...
November 12, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848077/identification-of-new-trip12-variants-and-detailed-clinical-evaluation-of-individuals-with-non-syndromic-intellectual-disability-with-or-without-autism
#9
Nuria C Bramswig, H-J Lüdecke, M Pettersson, B Albrecht, R A Bernier, K Cremer, E E Eichler, D Falkenstein, J Gerdts, S Jansen, A Kuechler, M Kvarnung, A Lindstrand, D Nilsson, A Nordgren, R Pfundt, L Spruijt, H M Surowy, B B A de Vries, T Wieland, H Engels, T M Strom, T Kleefstra, D Wieczorek
The ubiquitin pathway is an enzymatic cascade including activating E1, conjugating E2, and ligating E3 enzymes, which governs protein degradation and sorting. It is crucial for many physiological processes. Compromised function of members of the ubiquitin pathway leads to a wide range of human diseases, such as cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and neurodevelopmental disorders. Mutations in the thyroid hormone receptor interactor 12 (TRIP12) gene (OMIM 604506), which encodes an E3 ligase in the ubiquitin pathway, have been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
November 15, 2016: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848051/continuity-and-change-in-cognition-and-autism-severity-from-toddlerhood-to-school-age
#10
Megan L E Clark, Josephine Barbaro, Cheryl Dissanayake
: This paper charted the cognitive and behavioural profiles from toddlerhood to middle childhood in 48 children diagnosed with ASD at 24-months. The Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL) was administered at 24- and 48-months and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) at school age. Autism severity was derived using The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) Results: Developmental Disability/Intellectual Disability (DD/ID; Developmental Quotient <70) reduced from 64% at 24-months to 8% at outcome...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847227/neuropsychological-characteristics-of-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder
#11
Elena de la Serna, Gisela Sugranyes, Vanessa Sanchez-Gistau, Elisa Rodriguez-Toscano, Immaculada Baeza, Montserrat Vila, Soledad Romero, Teresa Sanchez-Gutierrez, Mª José Penzol, Dolores Moreno, Josefina Castro-Fornieles
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are considered neurobiological disorders which share some clinical, cognitive and neuroimaging characteristics. Studying child and adolescent offspring of patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BDoff) or schizophrenia (SZoff) is regarded as a reliable method for investigating early alterations and vulnerability factors for these disorders. This study compares the neuropsychological characteristics of SZoff, BDoff and a community control offspring group (CC) with the aim of examining shared and differential cognitive characteristics among groups...
November 12, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843473/relationship-of-attachment-styles-and-emotional-intelligence-with-marital-satisfaction
#12
Amir Reza Kamel Abbasi, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Hamidreza Aghamohammadiyan Sharbaf, Hossein Karshki
BACKGROUND: The early relationships between infant and care takers are significant and the emotional interactions of these relationships play an important role in forming personality and adulthood relationships. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to investigate the relationship of attachment styles (AS) and emotional intelligence (EI) with marital satisfaction (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional research, 450 married people (226 male, 224 female) were selected using multistage sampling method in Mashhad, Iran, in 2011...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832004/neurologic-neurocognitive-and-functional-outcomes-in-children-under-6-years-treated-with-the-berlin-heart-excor-ventricular-assist-device
#13
Juliana H VanderPluym, Charlene M T Robertson, Ari R Joffe, Jennifer Conway, Ivan M Rebeyka, David B Ross, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Mohammed M Al Aklabi, Holger Buchholz
The objective of this study is to describe the neurologic, neurocognitive and functional outcomes of children aged under 6 years supported on the Berlin Heart EXCOR ventricular assist device (VAD) followed in the Complex Pediatric Therapies Follow-up Program (CPTFP). Sixteen patients were prospectively followed through this longitudinal, developmental program. The patients were evaluated with neurologic physical exam. Intelligence Quotients (IQ) and functional outcome scores (ABAS-II scores) were obtained. Neuroimaging reports from before, during and after VAD implantation were retrospectively reviewed for reported brain injury (BI)...
November 9, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830648/what-grades-and-achievement-tests-measure
#14
Lex Borghans, Bart H H Golsteyn, James J Heckman, John Eric Humphries
Intelligence quotient (IQ), grades, and scores on achievement tests are widely used as measures of cognition, but the correlations among them are far from perfect. This paper uses a variety of datasets to show that personality and IQ predict grades and scores on achievement tests. Personality is relatively more important in predicting grades than scores on achievement tests. IQ is relatively more important in predicting scores on achievement tests. Personality is generally more predictive than IQ on a variety of important life outcomes...
November 22, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826328/behavioral-and-intelligence-outcome-in-8-to-16-year-old-born-small-for-gestational-age
#15
Kyung Hee Yi, Yoon Young Yi, Il Tae Hwang
PURPOSE: We investigated behavioral problems, attention problems, and cognitive function in children and adolescents born small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: Forty-six SGA children born at term and 46 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) children born at term were compared. Psychiatric symptoms were examined with reference to the Korean-Child Behavior Checklist, Korean-Youth Self Report, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale (ADHD-RS)...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818637/social-competence-in-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-delayed-development-of-theory-of-mind-across-all-complexity-levels
#16
Gisella Baglio, Valeria Blasi, Francesca Sangiuliano Intra, Ilaria Castelli, Davide Massaro, Francesca Baglio, Annalisa Valle, Michela Zanette, Antonella Marchetti
Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is characterized by heterogeneous cognitive difficulties, with an intelligence quotient (IQ) between 70 and 85 points, and a failure to meet the developmental and sociocultural standards for personal independence and social responsibility required in daily life. The fact that this population still remain a marginal clinical category, with no ad hoc diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, has stimulated the present research. Our goal was to study children with BIF investigating the development of Theory of Mind (ToM) as a pillar of social competence...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817130/rank-determination-of-mental-functions-by-1d-wavelets-and-partial-correlation
#17
Y Karaca, Z Aslan, C Cattani, D Galletta, Y Zhang
The main aim of this paper is to classify mental functions by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised tests with a mixed method based on wavelets and partial correlation. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised is a widely used test designed and applied for the classification of the adults cognitive skills in a comprehensive manner. In this paper, many different intellectual profiles have been taken into consideration to measure the relationship between the mental functioning and psychological disorder...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811550/preliminary-validation-of-the-promis-parent-proxy-peer-relationships-measure-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-dbpnet-study
#18
Marisa Toomey, Justin Schwartz, Michele Laverdiere, Carole A Tucker, Katherine Bevans, Christopher B Forrest, Nathan J Blum
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the content and construct validity of the existing PROMIS Pediatric Parent-Proxy Peer Relationships Measure in 5- to 12-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: Parents of 121 children aged 5 to 12 years who met DSM-IV criteria for ASD completed the Peer Relationships Measure using computerized adaptive testing (CAT). Parents also completed the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition (SRS-2) and a demographic form...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804186/estimated-cognitive-decline-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-multi-center-study
#19
Haruo Fujino, Chika Sumiyoshi, Yuka Yasuda, Hidenaga Yamamori, Michiko Fujimoto, Masaki Fukunaga, Kenichiro Miura, Yuto Takebayashi, Naohiro Okada, Shuichi Isomura, Naoko Kawano, Atsuhito Toyomaki, Hironori Kuga, Masanori Isobe, Kazuto Oya, Yuko Okahisa, Manabu Takaki, Naoki Hashimoto, Masaki Kato, Toshiaki Onitsuka, Takefumi Ueno, Tohru Ohnuma, Kiyoto Kasai, Norio Ozaki, Tomiki Sumiyoshi, Osamu Imura, Ryota Hashimoto
AIM: Studies have reported that cognitive decline occurs after the onset of schizophrenia despite heterogeneity in cognitive function among patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of estimated cognitive decline in patients with schizophrenia by comparing estimated premorbid intellectual functioning and current intellectual functioning. METHODS: A total of 446 patients with schizophrenia (228 male, 218 female), consisting of three sample sets obtained from 11 psychiatric facilities, and 686 healthy controls participated in this study...
October 31, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801722/preliminary-validation-of-the-promis-parent-proxy-peer-relationships-measure-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-dbpnet-study
#20
Marisa Toomey, Justin Schwartz, Michele Laverdiere, Carole A Tucker, Katherine Bevans, Christopher B Forrest, Nathan J Blum
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the content and construct validity of the existing PROMIS Pediatric Parent-Proxy Peer Relationships Measure in 5- to 12-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: Parents of 121 children aged 5 to 12 years who met DSM-IV criteria for ASD completed the Peer Relationships Measure using computerized adaptive testing (CAT). Parents also completed the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition (SRS-2) and a demographic form...
November 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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