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Magnetic nanoparticles drug delivery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821965/increased-endocytosis-of-magnetic-nanoparticles-into-cancerous-urothelial-cells-versus-normal-urothelial-cells
#1
Jasna Lojk, Vladimir Boštjan Bregar, Klemen Strojan, Samo Hudoklin, Peter Veranič, Mojca Pavlin, Mateja Erdani Kreft
The blood-urine barrier is the tightest and most impermeable barrier in the body and as such represents a problem for intravesical drug delivery applications. Differentiation-dependent low endocytotic rate of urothelial cells has already been noted; however, the differences in endocytosis of normal and cancer urothelial cells have not been exploited yet. Here we analysed the endocytosis of rhodamine B isothiocyanate-labelled polyacrylic acid-coated cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (NPs) in biomimetic urothelial in vitro models, i...
August 18, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821132/the-effect-of-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-on-poly-pseudo-rotaxane-nanoparticles-self-assembled-by-protoporphyrin-modified-poly-ethylene-glycol-for-anticancer-drug-delivery
#2
Taotao Xu, Junhua Li, Jun Cao, Wenxia Gao, Li Li, Bin He
Poly(pseudo)rotaxane (PPR) nanoparticles was facilely prepared using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) modified with protoporphyrin (PpIX) and α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) via host-guest interaction, the effect of α-CD number on the nanoparticle properties was investigated. The PEG with protoporphyrin (PEG-PpIX) end capping was synthesized via coupling reaction and the poly(pseudo)rotaxane nanoparticles with different amount of α-CD were fabricated by host-guest interaction between mPEG-PpIX and α-CDs. The final product was characterized by nuclear magnetic spectrum ((1)H NMR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscope (AFM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819800/nanotechnology-from-in-vivo-imaging-system-to-controlled-drug-delivery
#3
REVIEW
Maria Mir, Saba Ishtiaq, Samreen Rabia, Maryam Khatoon, Ahmad Zeb, Gul Majid Khan, Asim Ur Rehman, Fakhar Ud Din
Science and technology have always been the vitals of human's struggle, utilized exclusively for the development of novel tools and products, ranging from micro- to nanosize. Nanotechnology has gained significant attention due to its extensive applications in biomedicine, particularly related to bio imaging and drug delivery. Various nanodevices and nanomaterials have been developed for the diagnosis and treatment of different diseases. Herein, we have described two primary aspects of the nanomedicine, i.e...
August 17, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815766/preparation-of-robust-metal-free-magnetic-nanoemulsions-encapsulating-low-molecular-weight-nitroxide-radicals-and-hydrophobic-drugs-directed-toward-mri-visible-targeted-delivery
#4
Rui Tamura, Kota Nagura, Yusa Takemoto, Satori Moronaga, Yoshiaki Uchida, Satoshi Shimono, Akihiko Shiino, Kenji Tanigaki, Tsukuru Amano, Fumi Yoshino, Yohei Noda, Satoshi Koizumi, Naoki Komatsu, Tatsuhisa Kato, Jun Yamauchi
With a view to developing a theranostic nanomedicine for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-visible targeted drug delivery system, robust metal-free magnetic nanoemulsions (mean particle sizes of less than 20 nm) consisting of the biocompatible surfactant 1 and the incorporated hydrophobic low-molecular-weight 2,2,5-trimethyl-5-(4-alkoxy)phenylpyrrolidine-N-oxyl radicals [(±)-2] have been prepared in pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered saline. The structure of the nanoemulsions has been characterized by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and dynamic light scattering and small angle neutron scattering measurements...
August 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812769/multiplex-coaxial-flow-focusing-for-producing-multicompartment-janus-microcapsules-with-tunable-material-compositions-and-structural-characteristics
#5
Qiang Wu, Chaoyu Yang, Guangli Liu, Wanghuai Xu, Zhiqiang Zhu, Ting Si, Ronald X Xu
We propose a simple but efficient multiplex coaxial flow focusing (MCFF) process for single-step fabrication of multicompartment Janus microcapsules (MJMs) in a wide range of operating parameters. The produced MJMs consist of a multicompartmental core-shell structure with material compositions tunable in individual shell and core compartments. Potential applications of such a MJM agent are demonstrated in both benchtop and in vitro experiments. For the benchtop experiment, magnetic nanoparticles are loaded into one of the shell compartments and photopolymerized under ultraviolet light for controlled alignment and rotation of the microcapsules in a magnetic field...
August 16, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807368/membrane-interactions-and-antimicrobial-effects-of-inorganic-nanoparticles
#6
REVIEW
Sara Malekkhaiat Häffner, Martin Malmsten
Interactions between nanoparticles and biological membranes are attracting increasing attention in current nanomedicine, and play a key role both for nanotoxicology and for utilizing nanomaterials in diagnostics, drug delivery, functional biomaterials, as well as combinations of these, e.g., in theranostics. In addition, there is considerable current interest in the use of nanomaterials as antimicrobial agents, motivated by increasing resistance development against conventional antibiotics. Here, various nanomaterials offer opportunities for triggered functionalites to combat challenging infections...
July 27, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802174/synthesis-and-characterization-of-mno2-nio-nanocomposites-for-photocatalysis-of-tetracycline-antibiotic-and-modification-with-guanidine-for-carriers-of-caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-an-anticancer-drug
#7
Vinod Kumar Gupta, Ali Fakhri, Shilpi Agarwal, Elham Ahmadi, Pedram Afshar Nejad
In the present studies, modified NiO nanoparticles and MnO2/NiO nanocomposites with guanidine were synthesized by anchoring method for carriers of anticancer drug "Caffeic acid phenethyl ester". The prepared nanocomposites were characterized by using Scanning Electron Microscopy, Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Vibrating sample magnetometer. The results from XRD indicated that the crystalline size of NiO nanoparticles and MnO2/NiO nanocomposites are 12 and 15nm, respectively...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789586/comparative-study-of-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-doxorubicin-co-loaded-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-nanospheres-prepared-by-different-emulsion-solvent-evaporation-methods
#8
Jafar Mosafer, Manouchehr Teymouri
Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is a widely used biodegradable polymer for preparation of polymeric biodegradable carriers that shows attractive features and offers possibilities to tune the physicochemical characteristics, drug release properties and biological behaviour of the PLGA-based nanospheres. Double emulsion solvent evaporation methods fail when it comes to encapsulation of highly hydrophilic drugs such as doxorubicin (Dox). The reason for this defect is due to the rapid drug diffusion into the external aqueous phase before solidification of the PLGA nanospheres...
August 9, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764283/fabrication-and-appraisal-of-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-moxifloxacin-nanoparticles-using-vitamin-e-tpgs-a-potential-intracanal-drug-delivery-agent
#9
Hardik Makkar, Gaurav Patri
INTRODUCTION: Nanotechnology is gaining momentum in the search for ideal biomaterials by dental researchers. The expansible nature of Endodontology deems exploration, learning and scrutinizing newer avenues which have the potential to be applied and investigated. The popularity of polymers as drug delivery vehicles has opened avenues for their application in the root canal system. This study utilized application of biodegradable polymers as potential drug delivery vehicles against Enterococcus faecalis, one of the main reasons for post treatment disease...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763197/cyclodextrin-paclitaxel-dimer-assembling-vesicles-reversible-morphology-transition-and-cargo-delivery
#10
Qing Pei, Xiuli Hu, Lei Wang, Shi Liu, Xiabin Jing, Zhigang Xie
Here, we developed stable supramolecular binary vesicles on the basis of the host-guest interaction between β-cyclodextrins (β-CDs) and paclitaxel (PTX) dimer. The inclusion complexation between PTX dimer and β-CDs in water was studied by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and two-dimensional rotating-frame Overhauser effect spectroscopy. The resulting inclusion complex was amphiphilic and could self-assemble into vesicles with average diameter of 230 nm. The vesicles could evolve to nanoparticles (NPs) by adding competitive binding guest amantadine hydrochloride or by digesting β-CDs through α-amylase...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763074/nanodevices-that-acts-as-nanocarriers-for-controlled-and-directed-drug-delivery-to-select-cells-organs-or-tissues-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#11
Juan Manuel Vélez-Reséndiz, Juan Jesús Vélez-Arvízu
Cardiovascular disease, which today represents the main cause of death worldwide, is a likely candidate for the application of nanotechnology in the near future. Nanocarriers are currently being developed to deliver medicine (smart drugs) to selected targets in cells and tissues of blood vessels and the heart, as well as to aid in diagnosis and screening for early detection and individualized treatment. Other applications of nanotechnology hold promise for the long run, such as using nanodevices for drug delivery or correcting the misfolding of proteins...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762580/mnal-layered-double-hydroxide-nanoparticles-as-a-dual-functional-platform-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-sirna-delivery
#12
Huali Zuo, Weiyu Chen, Bei Li, Kewei Xu, Helen Cooper, Zi Gu, Zhi Ping Xu
Multifunctional nanoparticles for cancer theranosis have been widely explored for effective cancer detection and therapy. In this research, dually functionalised manganese-based layered double hydroxide nanoparticles (Mn-LDHs) have been examined as an effective anticancer drug/gene delivery system and T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) modality for brain cancer theranostics. Such Mn-LDHs have been shown to accommodate dsDNA/siRNAs and efficiently deliver to Neuro-2a cells (N2a). Mn-LDHs have also shown high biocompatibility with low cytotoxicity...
August 1, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754064/development-and-characterization-dual-responsive-magnetic-nanocomposites-for-targeted-drug-delivery-systems
#13
Lida Ahmadkhani, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh, Mojtaba Abbasian
A drug delivery system based on dual responsive units was developed. An appealing pH- and thermo-responsive triblock terpolymer as the drug carrier was synthesized by RAFT polymerization of N-isopropyl acrylamide and methacrylic acid monomers using PEG-RAFT agent. The Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation of Fe salts. Synthesized samples were characterized by FT-IR, XRD, GPC, SEM and TEM. The dual responsive behaviour and self-assembly of the triblock terpolymers in aqueous solution were investigated using UV-vis transmittance and DLS...
July 28, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750341/the-enzyme-sensitive-release-of-prodigiosin-grafted-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-and-chitosan-magnetic-nanoparticles-as-an-anticancer-drug-delivery-system-synthesis-characterization-and-cytotoxicity-studies
#14
Banafsheh Rastegari, Hamid Reza Karbalaei-Heidari, Sedigheh Zeinali, Heather Sheardown
In present investigation, two glucose based smart tumor-targeted drug delivery systems coupled with enzyme-sensitive release strategy are introduced. Magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4) were grafted with carboxymethyl chitosan (CS) and β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) as carriers. Prodigiosin (PG) was used as the model anti-tumor drug, targeting aggressive tumor cells. The morphology, properties and composition and grafting process were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), vibration sample magnetometer (VSM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis...
July 18, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741458/hybrid-polymeric-magnetic-nanoparticles-in-cancer-treatments
#15
Alexandra Muñoz Bonilla, Pilar Herrasti González
Over the last years, magnetic nanoparticles have received a great attention in cancer therapy and diagnosis. Magnetic drug targeting, is a particularly promising application in this area as the nanoparticles can be directed to the tumor by external magnetic field and concentrated the drug in this tumor tissue. In addition to this magnetic targeting, their inherent magnetic properties provide sensitive contrast enhancement in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and can, therefore, be visualized and used for theranostic purposes...
May 18, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738425/preparation-and-characterization-of-pegylated-iron-oxide-gold-nanoparticles-for-delivery-of-sulforaphane-and-curcumin
#16
Hossein Danafar, Ali Sharafi, Sonia Askarlou, Hamidreza Kheiri Manjili
Natural products have been used for the treatment of various diseases such as cancer. Curcumin (CUR) and sulforaphane (SF) have anti-cancer effects, but their application is restricted because of their low water solubility and poor oral bioavailability. To improve the bioavailability and solubility of SF and CUR, we performed an advanced delivery of SF and CUR with PEGylated gold coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (PEGylated Fe3O4@Au NPs) to endorse SF and CUR maintenance as an effective and promising antitumor drugs...
July 24, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737673/magnetic-nanoemulsions-comparison-between-nanoemulsions-formed-by-ultrasonication-and-by-spontaneous-emulsification
#17
Nathalia Rodríguez-Burneo, Maria Antònia Busquets, Joan Estelrich
Nanoemulsions are particularly suitable as a platform in the development of delivery systems. The type of nanoemulsion with a higher stability will offer an advantage in the preparation of a delivery system for lipophilic drugs. Nanoemulsions can be fabricated by different processing methods, which are usually categorized as either high- or low-energy methods. In this study, a comparison between two methods of preparing magnetic oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsions is described. The nanoemulsions were formed by sonication (the high-energy method) or by spontaneous emulsification (the low-energy method)...
July 22, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732161/elegant-ph-responsive-nanovehicle-for-drug-delivery-based-on-triazine-dendrimer-modified-magnetic-nanoparticles
#18
Amir Landarani-Isfahani, Majid Moghadam, Shima Mohammadi, Maryam Royvaran, Naimeh Moshtael-Arani, Saghar Rezaei, Shahram Tangestaninejad, Valiollah Mirkhani, Iraj Mohammadpoor-Baltork
Owing to properties of magnetic nanoparticles and elegant three-dimensional macromolecule architectural features, dendrimeric structures have been investigated as nanoscale drug delivery systems. In this work, a novel magnetic nanocarrier, generation two (G2) triazine dendrimer modified Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nanoparticles (MNP-G2), was designed, fabricated, and characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
August 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731079/a-polymeric-temozolomide-nanocomposite-against-orthotopic-glioblastoma-xenograft-tumor-specific-homing-directed-by-nestin
#19
Suma Prabhu, Jayant Sastri Goda, Srinivas Mutalik, Bhabani Shankar Mohanty, Pradip Chaudhari, Sharada Rai, Nayanabhirama Udupa, Bola Sadashiva Satish Rao
The development of effective therapeutic strategies for glioblastoma faces challenges such as modulating the blood brain barrier (BBB) for drug influx and selectively targeting tumor cells. Nanocarrier drug delivery strategies are functionalized to enhance vascular permeability. We engineered superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPION) based polymeric nanocomposites (84.37 ± 12.37 nm / 101.56 ± 7.42 nm) embedding temozolomide (TMZ) targeted against glioblastoma by tagging an antibody against nestin, a stem cell marker, and transferrin / polysorbate-80 to permeate the BBB...
August 3, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721043/preparation-of-exenatide-loaded-linear-poly-ethylene-glycol-brush-poly-l-lysine-block-copolymer-potential-implications-on-diabetic-nephropathy
#20
Fei Tong
The poly(ethylene glycol)-b-brush poly(l-lysine) polymer (PEG-b-(PELG50-g-PLL3)) was synthesized and evaluated as a nanocarrier for prolonging delivery of exenatide through the abdominal subcutaneous injection route. The isoelectric point of exenatide was 4.86, and exenatide could combine with PEG-b-(PELG50-g-PLL3) polymers via electrostatic interactions at pH 7.4. This polymer was a good candidate for achieving prolonged drug delivery for exenatide, considering its high molecular weight. Besides the physicochemical characterization of the polymer, in vitro and in vivo applications were researched as a sustained exenatide delivery system...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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