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Magnetic nanoparticles drug delivery

Kheireddine El-Boubbou
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), particularly made of iron oxides, have been extensively studied as diagnostic imaging agents and therapeutic delivery vehicles. In this review, special emphasis is set on the 'recent advancements of drug-conjugated MNPs used for therapeutic applications'. The most prevalent preparation methods and chemical functionalization strategies required for translational biomedical nanoformulations are outlined. Particular attention is, then, devoted to the tailored conjugation of drugs to the MNP carrier according to either noncovalent or covalent attachments, with advantages and drawbacks of both pathways conferred...
March 16, 2018: Nanomedicine
Kuikun Yang, Yijing Liu, Yi Liu, Qian Zhang, Chuncai Kong, Chenglin Yi, Zijian Zhou, Zhantong Wang, Guofeng Zhang, Yang Zhang, Niveen M Khashab, Xiaoyuan Chen, Zhihong Nie
This article describes the fabrication of nanosized magneto-vesicles (MVs) comprising tunable layers of densely-packed superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) in membranes via cooperative assembly of polymer-tethered SPIONs and free poly(styrene)-b-poly(acrylic acid) (PS-b-PAA). The membrane thickness of MVs could be well controlled from 9.8 to 93.2 nm by varying the weight ratio of PS-b-PAA to SPIONs. The increase in membrane thickness was accompanied with the transition from monolayer MVs, to double-layered MVs and to multilayered MVs (MuMVs)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Arezoo Mohammadi Gazestani, Samideh Khoei, Sepideh Khoee, Soraya Emamgholizadeh Minaei, Manijeh Motevalian
Magnetite nanographene oxide has exhibited great potential in drug delivery and photothermal therapy (PTT) for cancer treatment. Here we developed 5-fluorouracil-loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)-coated magnetite nanographene oxide (NGO-SPION-PLGA-5-Fu) to simplify combined PTT and chemotherapy in one complex. The nanocarrier was synthesized using a modified O1 /W1 /O2 /W2 multiple emulsion solvent evaporation method and was characterized for size, zeta potential, drug loading, in vitro and in vivo release...
March 15, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Yan Li, Dewen Ye, Mingxi Li, Ming Ma, Ning Gu
The paper provides a brief overview of the use of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) in the areas of bone regenerative medicine. Reconstruction of bone defects caused by trauma, non-union, and bone tumour excision still faces many challenges despite the intense investigations and advancement in bone tissue engineering and bone regeneration over the past decades. IONPs have promising prospects in this field due to their controlled responsive characteristics in specific external magnetic fields and have been of great interest during the last few years...
March 14, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Esra Metin, Pelin Mutlu, Ufuk Gunduz
BACKGROUND: Although conventional chemotherapy is the most common method for cancer treatment, it has several side effects such as neuropathy, alopecia and cardiotoxicity. Since the drugs are given to body systemically, normal cells are also affected, just like cancer cells. However, in recent years, targeted drug delivery has been developed to overcome these drawbacks. OBJECTIVE: The aim in this study was targeted co-delivery of doxorubicin (Dox) which is an anticancer agent and D-α-Tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (vitamin E TPGS or simply TPGS) to breast cancer cells...
March 13, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Chalathan Saengruengrit, Patcharee Ritprajak, Supason Wanichwecharungruang, Apoorva Sharma, Georgeta Salvan, Dietrich R T Zahn, Numpon Insin
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have received much attention in drug and biomolecule delivery systems. Here, we report a delivery system using the combination of a magnetic field and the relatively biocompatible composite particles of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and SPIONs (SPION-PLGA particles) for protein delivery to bone-marrow derived primary dendritic cells (BM-DCs). SPIONs with the diameter of ∼10 nm were synthesized via thermal decomposition of iron(III) oleate. The SPIONs and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were encapsulated in PLGA particles of two different diameters, 300 and 500 nm...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Changqie Pan, Yuqing Liu, Minyu Zhou, Wensheng Wang, Min Shi, Malcolm Xing, Wangjun Liao
A multifunctional theranostic nanoplatform integrated with environmental responses has been developed rapidly over the past few years as a novel treatment strategy for several solid tumors. We synthesized pH-sensitive poly(β-thiopropionate) nanoparticles with a supermagnetic core and folic acid (FA) conjugation (FA-doxorubicin-iron oxide nanoparticles [FA-DOX@ IONPs]) to deliver an antineoplastic drug, DOX, for the treatment of folate receptor (FR)-overexpressed breast cancer. In addition to an imaging function, the nanoparticles can release their payloads in response to an environment of pH 5, such as the acidic environment found in tumors...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Mohammad Kooti, Azar Naghdi Sedeh, Hossein Motamedi, Seyedeh Elham Rezatofighi
A three-component composite consisted of graphene oxide, cobalt ferrite, and silver nanoparticles has been prepared by a facile method and fully characterized. The antibacterial activity of this composite has been greatly enhanced after being combined with ciprofloxacin drug. This clearly showed the occurrence of a strong synergistic effect between ciprofloxacin and the Ag NPs in the composite. The ciprofloxacin-conjugated composite was found to be a potent antimicrobial agent while having rather low cytotoxicity and high stability...
March 6, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Fatemeh Farjadian, Mohsen Moghoofei, Soroush Mirkiani, Amir Ghasemi, Navid Rabiee, Shima Hadifar, Ali Beyzavi, Mahdi Karimi, Michael R Hamblin
Drug delivery is a rapidly growing area of research motivated by the nanotechnology revolution, the ideal of personalized medicine, and the desire to reduce the side effects of toxic anti-cancer drugs. Amongst a bewildering array of different nanostructures and nanocarriers, those examples that are fundamentally bio-inspired and derived from natural sources are particularly preferred. Delivery of vaccines is also an active area of research in this field. Bacterial cells and their components that have been used for drug delivery, include the crystalline cell-surface layer known as "S-layer", bacterial ghosts, bacterial outer membrane vesicles, and bacterial products or derivatives (e...
February 27, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
Hyeon-Yeol Cho, Taek Lee, Jinho Yoon, Zhenlin Han, Hudifah Rabie, Ki Bum Lee, Wei Wen Su, Jeong-Woo Choi
In the present study, we fabricated magnetic oleosomes functionalized with recombinant proteins as a new carrier for oil-based lipophilic drugs for cancer treatment. The bioengineered oleosome is composed of neutral lipids surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer with embedded oleosin fusion proteins. The oleosin was genetically fused to a nanobody of a green fluorescent protein (GFP). A recombinant protein consisting of immunoglobulin-binding protein LG fused to GFP was used to couple the oleosome to an antibody for targeted delivery to breast cancer cells...
February 28, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yan Li, Yanhui Li, Weihong Ji, Zhiguo Lu, Linying Liu, Yuanjie Shi, Guanghui Ma, Xin Zhang
Due to the vast differences in chemical properties among small molecule drugs, nucleotide drugs and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocubes (SPIONs), such as charge and hydrophobicity, entrapment of these within a single carrier for traceable synergistic therapy has been proven difficult. Herein, we synthesize positively charged polyprodrug amphiphiles. The hydrophobic polyprodrug unit of the amphiphiles is positively charged, which can simultaneously load hydrophobic SPIONs and absorb negative let-7b antisense oligonucleotide to construct traceable co-delivery nanoparticles (NPs)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Filipe Leal Portilho, Edward Helal-Neto, Santiago Sánchez Cabezas, Suyene Rocha Pinto, Sofia Nascimento Dos Santos, Lorena Pozzo, Félix Sancenón, Ramón Martínez-Máñez, Ralph Santos-Oliveira
Cancer is responsible for more than 12% of all causes of death in the world, with an annual death rate of more than 7 million people. In this scenario melanoma is one of the most aggressive ones with serious limitation in early detection and therapy. In this direction we developed, characterized and tested in vivo a new drug delivery system based on magnetic core-mesoporous silica nanoparticle that has been doped with dacarbazine and labelled with technetium 99 m to be used as nano-imaging agent (nanoradiopharmaceutical) for early and differential diagnosis and melanoma by single photon emission computed tomography...
February 27, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Ali Rayegan, Alireza Allafchian, Ismaeil Abdolhosseini, Parviz Kameli
A novel drug delivery system, loaded the drug cephalexin on the basil seed mucilage coated magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3 O4 @BSM-CPX) was prepared and characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Furier Transform Infrared (FTIR), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM), Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Anti-bacterial, and Specific Surface (BET). By comparing the size of the uncoated nanoparticles (12 nm) and the size of the coated magnetite nanoparticles (6 nm), it was found that with the mucilage coating being put on the magnetite nanoparticles, the size of the nanoparticle cores has also decreased...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Mingjun Xuan, Jingxin Shao, Jie Zhao, Qi Li, Luru Dai, Junbai Li
Targeted drug delivery represents an emerging technological strategy, and enables nanoparticle systems are responsible for tumor therapy. This work describes a magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MMSN) cloaked with red blood cell membrane (RBC), which integrates with long circulation, photosensitizer delivery, and magnetic targeting feature for cancer therapy. In vivo experiments demonstrate that RBC@MMSNs can avoid the immune clearance, and achieve magnetic field (MF) induced high-accumulation in tumor...
February 26, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Lazhen Shen, Bei Li, Yongsheng Qiao
Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles (NPs), the most traditional magnetic nanoparticles, have received a great deal of attention in the biomedical field, especially for targeted drug/gene delivery systems, due to their outstanding magnetism, biocompatibility, lower toxicity, biodegradability, and other features. Naked Fe₃O₄ NPs are easy to aggregate and oxidize, and thus are often made with various coatings to realize superior properties for targeted drug/gene delivery. In this review, we first list the three commonly utilized synthesis methods of Fe₃O₄ NPs, and their advantages and disadvantages...
February 23, 2018: Materials
Daniel Coluccia, Carlyn A Figueiredo, Megan YiJun Wu, Alexandra N Riemenschneider, Roberto Diaz, Amanda Luck, Christian Smith, Sunit Das, Cameron Ackerley, Meaghan O'Reilly, Kullervo Hynynen, James T Rutka
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor resulting in high rates of morbidity and mortality. A strategy to increase the efficacy of available drugs and enhance the delivery of chemotherapeutics through the blood brain barrier (BBB) is desperately needed. We investigated the potential of Cisplatin conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-UP-Cis) in combination with MR-guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) to intensify GBM treatment. Viability assays demonstrated that GNP-UP-Cis greatly inhibits the growth of GBM cells compared to free cisplatin and shows marked synergy with radiation therapy...
February 19, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Nahideh Asadi, Nasim Annabi, Ebrahim Mostafavi, Maryam Anzabi, Rovshan Khalilov, Siamak Saghfi, Masoud Mehrizadeh, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh
Magnetic nanoparticles have properties that cause to apply them in cancer therapy and vehicles for the delivery of drugs such as 5FU, especially when they are modified with biocompatible copolymers. The aim of this study is to modify superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONPs) with PCL-PEG-PCL copolymers and then utilization of these nanoparticles for encapsulation of anticancer drug 5FU. The ring-opening polymerization (ROP) was used for the synthesis of PCL-PEG-PCL copolymer by ε-caprolactone (PCL) and polyethylene glycol (PEG2000)...
February 22, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Giuditta Dal Cortivo, Gabriel E Wagner, Paolo Cortelletti, Krishna Mohan Padmanabha Das, Klaus Zangger, Adolfo Speghini, Daniele Dell'Orco, N Helge Meyer
Nanoparticles have been recognized as promising tools for targeted drug-delivery and protein therapeutics. However, the mechanisms of protein-nanoparticle interaction and the dynamics underlying the binding process are poorly understood. Here, we present a general methodology for the characterization of protein-nanoparticle interaction on a molecular level. To this end we combined biophysical techniques including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), circular dichroism (CD), resonance energy transfer (RET) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR)...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Güliz Ak, Habibe Yilmaz, Aybike Güneş, Senay Hamarat Sanlier
Doxorubicin is widely used anticancer drug; however, use of doxorubicin is limited. Under externally applied magnetic field, magnetic agents can help to transport drug directly to tumor. Folate receptor is overexpressed in ovarian carcinomas. In this study, we aimed to develop magnetically responsive and folate receptor-targeted biomimetic drug delivery system for ovarian cancer therapy. Doxorubicin-loaded and glucose/gluconic acid-coated magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized and erythrocyte membrane vesicles were used for coating of nanoparticles...
February 19, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Rezvan Enteshari Najafabadi, Nasrin Kazemipour, Abolghasem Esmaeili, Siamak Beheshti, Saeed Nazifi
Background: Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) have been largely considered for numerous applications in biomedicine such as magnetic resonance imaging, hyperthermia, cell tracking, anticancer treatment, and targeted delivery of drugs or genes. However, they may have side effects such body weight loss. Quercetin (QT), a strong antioxidant and free radical scavenger and a natural flavonoid, has a wide range of biological and therapeutic effects. In this study, the effect of QT on prevention of weight loss due to the using of SPION has been investigated...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
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