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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644801/magnetic-particle-imaging-for-quantification-of-vascular-stenoses-a-phantom-study
#1
S Herz, P Vogel, T Kampf, M A Ruckert, S Veldhoen, V C Behr, T A Bley
Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) is a promising new tomographic imaging method to detect the spatial distribution of superparamagnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs). The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of MPI to quantify artificial stenoses in vessel phantoms. Custom-made stenosis phantoms (length 40 mm; inner diameter 8 mm) with different degrees of stenosis (0 %, 25 %, 50 %, 75 % and 100 %) were scanned in a custom-built MPI scanner (in-plane resolution: ~ 1-1.5 mm, field of view: 65 × 29 × 29 mm3)...
June 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643695/highly-fluorescent-and-superparamagnetic-nanosystem-for-biomedical-applications
#2
Mariana P Cabrera, Paulo E Cabral Filho, Camila M C M Silva, Rita M Oliveira, Carlos F G C Geraldes, M Margarida C A Castro, Benilde F O Costa, Marta S C Henriques, José A Paixão, Luiz B Carvalho, Beate S Santos, Fernando Hallwass, Adriana Fontes, Giovannia A L Pereira
This work reports on highly fluorescent and superparamagnetic bimodal nanoparticles (BNPs) obtained by a simple and efficient method as probes for fluorescence analysis and/or contrast agents for MRI. These promising BNPs with small dimensions (ca. 17 nm) consist of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) covalently bound with CdTe quantum dots (ca. 3 nm). The chemical structure of the magnetic part of BNPs is predominantly magnetite, with minor goethite and maghemite contributions, as shown by Mössbauer spectroscopy, which is compatible with the x-ray diffraction data...
July 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643467/a-core-shell-satellite-structured-fe3-o4-g-c3-n4-ucnps-peg-for-t1-t2-weighted-dual-modal-mri-guided-photodynamic-therapy
#3
Lili Feng, Dan Yang, Fei He, Shili Gai, Chunxia Li, Yunlu Dai, Piaoping Yang
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in the specific tumor site plays the key role in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Herein, a multifunctional nanoplatform is designed by absorbing ultrasmall upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) on mesoporous graphitic-phase carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 ) coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanospheres, then further modified with polyethylene glycol (PEG)molecules (abbreviated as Fe3 O4 @g-C3 N4 -UCNPs-PEG). The inert g-C3 N4 layer between Fe3 O4 core and outer UCNPs can substantially depress the quenching effect of Fe3 O4 on the upconversion emission...
June 23, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642952/solventless-mechanochemical-preparation-of-novel-magnetic-bioconjugates
#4
Daily Rodriguez-Padrón, Alain R Puente-Santiago, Alina M Balu, Antonio A Romero, Rafael Luque
A solventless mechanochemical approach was employed to obtain a bioconjugate (BSA-DA-Fe2O3) based on bovine serum albumin (BSA) and dopamine (DA) coated iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles. UV-vis measurements of the obtained material showed a distinctive peak at 280 nm which, together with the presence of N on the surface of the nanomaterial (a band at 400 eV in the XPS spectrum) and zeta potential measurements, confirmed the successful immobilization of the protein. Additionally, the presence of two bands at 1652 and 1545 cm(-1) in the FT-IR spectra of both BSA and BSA-DA-Fe2O3 and steady-state fluorescence analysis validated that the protein preserved its native-like structure after the mechanochemical milling process...
June 23, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642010/magnetic-nanogels-as-dual-triggered-anticancer-drug-delivery-toxicity-evaluation-on-isolated-rat-liver-mitochondria
#5
Somayeh Sadighian, Kobra Rostamizadeh, Mehrdad Hamidi, Mir-Jamal Hosseini, Hassan Hosseini-Monfared
This study aimed to evaluate bio-safety of magnetic chitosan nanogels as dual triggered drug carrier for doxorubicin through analysis of mitochondrial function. In the present study, chitosan/TPP nanogels containing magnetite nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared according to the ionotropic gelation method as novel pH-sensitive magnetic nanogels. The NPs showed outstanding entrapment efficiency for doxorubicin (76.6%) with a sustained and high extent of drug release in the acidic media (pH=5-7) compared to the neutral media...
June 19, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641813/sensors-and-bioassays-powered-by-upconverting-materials
#6
REVIEW
Diego Mendez-Gonzalez, Enrique Lopez-Cabarcos, Jorge Rubio-Retama, Marco Laurenti
In recent years, considerable efforts have been done to better understand the peculiar emission properties of upconverting materials due to their widespread applications in different and important technological fields such as upconversion-based photoactivated cancer therapies, photoactivated drug-delivery, magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents, bioimaging. However, one of the most promising applications of upconverting materials concerns the field of sensing, due to their unique emission properties. In fact, the minimal autofluorescence, blinking, photo-bleaching, and high photostability makes them an excellent alternative to organic dyes or quantum dots...
June 10, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641142/optical-electrical-and-ferromagnetic-studies-of-zno-fe-diluted-magnetic-semiconductor-nanoparticles-for-spintronic-applications
#7
R Elilarassi, G Chandrasekaran
In the present investigation, diluted magnetic semiconductor (Zn1-xFexO) nanoparticles with different doping concentrations (x=0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, and 0.08) were successfully synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion method. The crystal structure, morphology, optical, electrical and magnetic properties of the prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive analysis using x-rays (EDAX), ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer, fluorescence spectroscope (FS), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and broad band dielectric spectrometer (BDS)...
May 31, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640198/experimental-investigation-of-magnetic-nanoparticle-enhanced-microwave-hyperthermia
#8
Brogan T McWilliams, Hongwang Wang, Valerie J Binns, Sergio Curto, Stefan H Bossmann, Punit Prakash
The objective of this study was to evaluate microwave heating enhancements offered by iron/iron oxide nanoparticles dispersed within tissue-mimicking media for improving efficacy of microwave thermal therapy. The following dopamine-coated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were considered: 10 and 20 nm diameter spherical core/shell Fe/Fe₃O₄, 20 nm edge-length cubic Fe₃O₄, and 45 nm edge-length/10 nm height hexagonal Fe₃O₄. Microwave heating enhancements were experimentally measured with MNPs dissolved in an agar phantom, placed within a rectangular waveguide...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640197/mesoporous-silica-matrix-as-a-tool-for-minimizing-dipolar-interactions-in-nife%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-and-znfe%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-nanoparticles
#9
Maider Virumbrales, Regino Saez-Puche, María José Torralvo, Veronica Blanco-Gutierrez
NiFe₂O₄ and ZnFe₂O₄ nanoparticles have been prepared encased in the MCM (Mobile Composition of Matter) type matrix. Their magnetic behavior has been studied and compared with that corresponding to particles of the same composition and of a similar size (prepared and embedded in amorphous silica or as bare particles). This study has allowed elucidation of the role exerted by the matrix and interparticle interactions in the magnetic behavior of each ferrite system. Thus, very different superparamagnetic behavior has been found in ferrite particles of similar size depending on the surrounding media...
June 22, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639659/hydrothermal-and-biomineralization-synthesis-of-a-dual-modal-nanoprobe-for-targeted-near-infrared-persistent-luminescence-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Yu Wang, Cheng-Xiong Yang, Xiu-Ping Yan
The development of the multimodal probes is of great importance for bioimaging application. Herein, we report the fabrication of a functional nanocomposite from near-infrared (NIR) persistent luminescent nanoparticles (PLNPs) and Gd2O3 as a multimodal probe for in vivo NIR persistent luminescence and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Small-sized monodispersed NIR ZnGa2O4:Cr(3+) PLNPs (ca. 15 nm) were prepared as the NIR persistent luminescence source by a hydrothermal method while hyaluronic acid (HA) functionalized Gd2O3 (HA-Gd2O3) was synthesized as the MR contrast agent via a biomineralization approach...
June 22, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639394/transferrin-conjugated-magnetic-dextran-spermine-nanoparticles-for-targeted-drug-transport-across-blood-brain-barrier
#11
Maryam Ghadiri, Ebrahim Vasheghani-Farahani, Fatemeh Atyabi, Farzad Kobarfard, Farzaneh Mohamadyar-Toupkanlou, Hossein Hosseinkhani
Application of many vital hydrophilic medicines have been restricted by blood-brain barrier (BBB) for treatment of brain diseases. In this study, a targeted drug delivery system based on dextran-spermine biopolymer was developed for drug transport across BBB. Drug loaded magnetic dextran-spermine nanoparticles (DS-NPs) were prepared via ionic gelation followed by transferrin (Tf) conjugation as targeting moiety. The characteristics of Tf conjugated nanoparticles (TDS-NPs) were analyzed by different methods and their cytotoxicity effects on U87MG cells were tested...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639348/cell-specificity-of-magnetic-cell-seeding-approach-to-hydrogel-colonization
#12
Raminder Singh, Anna Wieser, Supachai Reakasame, Rainer Detsch, Barbara Dietel, Christoph Alexiou, Aldo R Boccaccini, Iwona Cicha
Tissue-engineered scaffolds require an effective colonization with cells. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) can enhance cell adhesion to matrices by magnetic cell seeding. We investigated the possibility of improving cell attachment and growth on different alginate-based hydrogels using fibroblasts and endothelial cells loaded with SPIONs. Hydrogels containing pure alginate (Alg), alginate dialdehyde crosslinked with gelatin (ADA-G) and Alg blended with G or silk fibroin (SF) were prepared...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638900/ordering-of-ferromagnetic-nanoparticles-in-nematic-liquid-crystals
#13
I Dierking, M Heberle, M A Osipov, F Giesselmann
Dispersions of magnetic nanoparticles in a nematic liquid crystal were investigated as magnetic fields were applied in three different boundary condition geometries: (i) planar substrates and B ⊥ n, (ii) planar substrates and B ‖ n, and (iii) homeotropic substrates and B ⊥ n. Particle chaining is observed when a magnetic field is applied, with a periodicity perpendicular to the chains. Furthermore, linear chains are observed for the magnetic field applied perpendicular to the director, while zigzag chains are formed when the magnetic field direction is parallel to the director field...
June 22, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638087/mesoscopic-multimodal-imaging-provides-new-insight-to-tumor-tissue-evaluation-an-example-of-macrophage-imaging-of-hepatic-tumor-using-organosilica-nanoparticles
#14
Michihiro Nakamura, Koichiro Hayashi, Hitoshi Kubo, Masafumi Harada, Keisuke Izumi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Toshinobu Yogo
Multimodal imaging using novel multifunctional nanoparticles provides new approach to biomedical field. Thiol-organosilica nanoparticles containing iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and rhodamine B (thiol OS-MNP/Rho) were applied to multimodal imaging of hepatic tumor of Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of LEC rats revealed tumors in the liver clearly and semi-quantitatively due to a labeling of macrophages in liver. The fluorescent imaging (FI) showed abnormal fluorescent patterns of the liver at the mesoscopic level that was between macroscopic and microscopic level...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636308/redox-sensitive-nanoscale-coordination-polymers-for-drug-delivery-and-cancer-theranostics
#15
Jiayue Zhao, Yu Yang, Xiao Han, Chao Liang, Jingjing Liu, Xuejiao Song, Zili Ge, Zhuang Liu
Nanoscale coordination polymers (NCPs) with inherent biodegradability, chemical diversities, and porous structures, are a promising class of nanomaterials in the nanomedicine field. Herein, a unique type of redox sensitive NCPs is constructed with manganese ions (Mn2+) and dithiodiglycolic acid as the disulfide (SS) containing organic bridging ligand. The obtained Mn-SS NCPs with mesoporous structure could be efficiently loaded with doxorubicin (DOX), a chemotherapeutics. The yielded Mn-SS/DOX nanoparticles are coated with a layer of polydopamine (PDA) and then modified by polyethylene glycol (PEG)...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635249/perfluorocarbon-gold-loading-for-non-invasive-in-vivo-assessment-of-bone-fillers-using-19f-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-computed-tomography
#16
Simone Mastrogiacomo, Weiqiang Dou, Olga Koshkina, Otto C Boerman, John A Jansen, Arend Heerschap, Mangala Srinivas, X Frank Walboomers
Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) is used in bone repair because of its biocompatibility. However, high similarity between CPC and the natural osseous phase results in poor image contrast in most of the available in vivo imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). For accurate identification and localization during and after implantation in vivo, a composition with enhanced image contrast is needed. In this study, we labeled CPC with perfluoro-15-crown-5-ether-loaded (PFCE) poly(latic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (hydrodynamic radius 100 nm) and gold nanoparticles (diameter 40 nm), as 19F MRI and CT contrast agents respectively...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635132/the-fabrication-of-iron-oxide-nanoparticle-nanofiber-composites-by-electrospinning-and-their-applications-in-tissue-engineering
#17
REVIEW
Chris J Mortimer, Chris J Wright
This paper reviews the use of iron oxide nanoparticle-nanofiber composites in tissue engineering with a focus on the electrospinning technique. Electrospinning is an established method of scaffold fabrication offering a number of key advantages which include its facile nature, with electrospun materials offering a high surface area to volume ratio, potential for the release of drugs and antimicrobials, controllable fiber diameters and high porosity and permeability. A number of different techniques for the preparation of iron oxide nanoparticles including their functionalization are discussed along with their applications in the biomedical field...
June 21, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634420/characterization-of-the-proinflammatory-profile-of-synovial-fluid-derived-exosomes-of-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#18
Rossana Domenis, Rossella Zanutel, Federica Caponnetto, Barbara Toffoletto, Adriana Cifù, Cinzia Pistis, Paolo Di Benedetto, Araldo Causero, Massimo Pozzi, Fabrizio Bassini, Martina Fabris, Kayvan R Niazi, Patrick Soon-Shiong, Francesco Curcio
The purpose of this study is to characterize synovial fluid- (SF-) derived exosomes of patients with gonarthrosis comparing two methods of isolation and to investigate their immune regulatory properties. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been isolated from inflamed SF by polymer precipitation method and quantified by Exocet kit and by nanoparticle tracking analysis. Vesicles expressed all the specific exosomal markers by immunoblot and FACS. After isolation with Exoquick, a relevant contamination by immune complexes was detected, which required further magnetic bead-based purification to remove...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633813/multi-stimuli-responsive-smart-chitosan-based-microcapsules-for-targeted-drug-delivery-and-triggered-drug-release
#19
Xuejun Cui, Xinyu Guan, Shuangling Zhong, Jie Chen, Houjuan Zhu, Zhanfeng Li, Fengzhi Xu, Peng Chen, Hongyan Wang
In the present study, we designed a novel, multi-stimuli responsive, biocompatible and non-immunogenic smart carrier for targeted delivery and triggered release of hydrophobic drugs. The designed multi-stimuli responsive smart chitosan-based microcapsules (MSRS-CS-MCs) have been fabricated successfully from folic acid (FA) functionalized thiolated chitosan via a facile sonochemical method. Targeting moiety FA and red fluorescent dye (Rhodamine B isothiocyanate, RITC) were immobilized onto the shells of microcapsules...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633810/sonochemical-rate-enhanced-by-a-new-nanomagnetic-embedded-core-shell-nanoparticles-and-catalytic-performance-in-the-multicomponent-synthesis-of-pyridoimidazoisoquinolines
#20
Ali Maleki, Morteza Aghaei
A sonochemical approach for the one-pot three-component synthesis of pyridoimidazoisoquinolines via by using phthalaldehyde, trimethylsilylcyanide and aminopyridines the presence of a catalytic amount of a new nanomagnetic catalyst Fe3O4@SiO2-CO-C6H4-NH2 is described. The characterization of the nanocatalyst and the product was done by various methods, such as FT-IR, SEM, EDX, TGA/DTA, NMR, MS and CHN analyses. This is the first design, preparation, characterization and application of the present core/shell nanomaterial and also the first ultrasound irradiated synthesis of the biologically and pharmaceutically important fused polycyclic compounds in ethanol as a green solvent...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
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