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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782173/field-directed-self-assembly-of-mutually-polarizable-nanoparticles
#1
Zachary M Sherman, Dipanjan Ghosh, James W Swan
Directed assembly of dielectric and paramagnetic nanoparticles can be used to synthesize diverse functional materials that polarize in response to an externally applied electric or magnetic field. However, theories capable of predicting the self-assembled states are lacking. In the proposed work, we develop a complete thermodynamic description of such assemblies for spherical nanoparticles. We show how an important physical feature of these types of particles, mutual polarization, sculpts the free energy landscape and has a remarkably strong influence on the nature of the self-assembled states...
May 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781005/direct-observation-of-dynamical-magnetization-reversal-process-governed-by-shape-anisotropy-in-single-nife-2-o-4-nanowire
#2
Junli Zhang, Shimeng Zhu, Hongli Li, Liu Zhu, Yang Hu, Weixing Xia, Xixiang Zhang, Yong Peng, Jiecai Fu
Discovering how the magnetization reversal process is governed by the magnetic anisotropy in magnetic nanomaterials is essential and significant to understand the magnetic behaviour of micro-magnetics and to facilitate the design of magnetic nanostructures for diverse technological applications. In this study, we present a direct observation of a dynamical magnetization reversal process in single NiFe2O4 nanowire, thus clearly revealing the domination of shape anisotropy on its magnetic behaviour. Individual nanoparticles on the NiFe2O4 nanowire appear as single domain states in the remanence state, which is maintained until the magnetic field reaches 200 Oe...
May 21, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780995/magnetic-conjugated-polymer-nanoparticles-doped-with-a-europium-complex-for-biomedical-imaging
#3
E Kemal, R Peters, S Bourke, S Fairclough, P Bergstrom-Mann, D M Owen, L Sandiford, L A Dailey, M Green
Self-assembling conjugated polymer nanoparticles containing PVK and PLGA-PEG as a matrix polymer were doped with both a luminescent rare-earth complex and magnetic nanoparticles (SPIONs), giving rise to materials that are both luminescent and magnetic. Nanoparticle sizes ranged from 80-110 nm without SPIONs and showed an increase in size (200-1000 nm) with additional SPION content (11-54%). Quantum yields (QYs) of 24% and 18% were measured for systems without and with 11% SPIONs, respectively. Optical properties were stable and suitable for biological imaging applications...
May 21, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780245/protein-delivery-nanosystem-of-six-arm-copolymer-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-poly-ethylene-glycol-for-long-term-sustained-release
#4
Jianwei Duan, Chao Liu, Xiaoyu Liang, Xuanling Li, Youlu Chen, Zuoguan Chen, Xiaoli Wang, Deling Kong, Yongjun Li, Jing Yang
Background: To address the issue of delivery of proteins, a six-arm copolymer, six-arm poly (ε-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol) (6S-PCL-PEG), was synthesized by a simple two-step reaction. Thereafter, the application of 6S-PCL-PEG as a protein carrier was evaluated. Materials and methods: A six-arm copolymer, six-arm poly(ε-caprolactone) (6S-PCL), was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization, with stannous octoate as a catalyst and inositol as an initiator...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779258/hyperpolarized-porous-silicon-nanoparticles-potential-theragnostic-material-for-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-si-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Hyeonglim Seo, Ikjang Choi, Nicholas Whiting, Jingzhe Hu, Quy Son Luu, Shivanand Pudakalakatti, Caitlin McCowan, Yaewon Kim, Niki Zacharias, Seunghyun Lee, Pratip Bhattacharya, Youngbok Lee
Porous silicon nanoparticles have recently garnered attention as potentially-promising biomedical platforms for drug delivery and medical diagnostics. Here, we demonstrate porous silicon nanoparticles as contrast agents for ²⁹Si magnetic resonance imaging. Size-controlled porous silicon nanoparticles were synthesized by magnesiothermic reduction of silica nanoparticles and were surface activated for further functionalization. Particles were hyperpolarized via dynamic nuclear polarization to enhance their ²⁹Si MR signals; the particles demonstrated long ²⁹Si spin-lattice relaxation (T₁) times (~ 25 mins), which suggests potential applicability for medical imaging...
May 20, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778557/nanotechnological-foundations-of-a-%C3%A2-new%C3%A2-nephrology
#6
M Laura Sorian, Alberto Rodríguez-Benot, Miguel Valcárcel
After contextualising the generic frameworks of nanotechnology and nanomedicine, the 2disciplines are discussed in the field of Nephrology. The potential downside to nanonephrology is the renal clearance of nanoparticles, the use of which is ever-increasing both for nanomedicinal purposes and in nanofoods. The positive impact of nanotechnology in Nephrology is centred on the development of renal nanodiagnostics for basic renal function studies, the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury, reliable and simple follow-up of chronic kidney disease and the improvement of magnetic resonance imaging...
May 16, 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778406/magnetic-nanocomposite-of-chitosan-schiff-base-grafted-graphene-oxide-for-lead-analysis-in-whole-blood
#7
Shahram Seidi, Mahshid Majd, Maryam Rezazadeh, Maryam Shanehsaz
A new Schiff base grafted graphene oxide-magnetic chitosan was utilized as a novel sorbent for extraction and quantification of lead ion in blood samples via dispersive magnetic solid phase extraction. The prepared nanocomposite sorbent was characterized by SEM, TEM, FT-IR, XRD, VSM and EDX and the quantification analysis was performed by microsampling flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The important parameters on the extraction efficiency were thoroughly optimized by means of experimental design. Under the optimized conditions, an aliquot of 50 mL of sample (pH 6...
May 17, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778076/design-and-synthesis-of-core-shell-fe-3-o-4-ptmt-composite-magnetic-microspheres-for-adsorption-of-heavy-metals-from-high-salinity-wastewater
#8
Xin Huang, Jinyue Yang, Jingkang Wang, Jingtao Bi, Chuang Xie, Hongxun Hao
In this study, a novel magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) modified by an organodisulfide polymer (PTMT) was designed for adsorption of heavy metals (Hg(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II)) from simulated coal chemical high salinity wastewater. The MNP-PTMT nano-composite was synthesize and characterized by SEM, TEM, FTIR, BET, VSM, TGA and XRD. The results indicate that the wanted MNP-PTMT magnetic nanoparticles were successfully obtained by modification. Adsorption experiments were systematically carried out to evaluate the performance of the obtained nanoparticles and to build up the adsorption models...
May 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778058/plasma-polymer-facilitated-magnetic-technology-for-removal-of-oils-from-contaminated-waters
#9
Satriyo Krido Wahono, Alex Cavallaro, Krasimir Vasilev, Agnieszka Mierczynska
Oil pollution of waters is one of the most serious environmental problems globally. The long half-life and persistence within the environment makes oil particularly toxic and difficult to remediate. There is a significant need for efficient and cost-effective oil recovery technologies to be brought in to practice. In this study, we developed a facile and efficient magnetic separation method. The surface of 316L stainless steel nanoparticles was modified by plasma deposition of 1,7-octadiene and perfluorooctane, producing relatively hydrophobic coatings having water contact angles of 86 and 100°, respectively...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778024/simultaneous-glucose-production-from-cellulose-and-fouling-reduction-using-a-magnetic-responsive-membrane-reactor-with-superparamagnetic-nanoparticles-carrying-cellulolytic-enzymes
#10
Abaynesh Yihdego Gebreyohannes, Madhav Dharmjeet, Tom Swusten, Matthias Mertens, Joran Verspreet, Thierry Verbiest, Christophe M Courtin, Ivo F J Vankelecom
This work aimed at investigating simultaneous hydrolysis of cellulose and in-situ foulant degradation in a cellulose fed superparamagnetic biocatalytic membrane reactor (BMRSP ). In this reactor, a dynamic layer of superparamagnetic bionanocomposites with immobilized cellulolytic enzymes were reversibly immobilized on superparamagnetic polymeric membrane using an external magnetic field. The formation of a dynamic layer of bionanocomposites on the membrane helped to prevent direct membrane-foulant interaction...
May 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778001/patchy-gold-coated-fe-3-o-4-nanospheres-with-enhanced-catalytic-activity-applied-for-paper-based-bipolar-electrode-electrochemiluminescence-aptasensors
#11
Xin Zhang, Ning Bao, Xiliang Luo, Shou-Nian Ding
In this work, novel multifunctional patchy gold coated Fe3 O4 hybrid nanoparticles (PG-Fe3 O4 NPs) have been successfully synthesized in aqueous medium via a facile adsorption-reduction method. A rational formation mechanism has been proposed by monitoring the morphological evolution. The PG-Fe3 O4 NPs retained the good magnetic property and exhibited excellent catalytical effeciency towards the electrochemical reduction of hydrogen peroxide. Chronoamperometric and amperometric experiments indicated a relatively high catalytic rate constant of 3...
May 10, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776044/magnetic-susceptibility-nanorheology-and-magnetoviscosity-of-magnetic-nanoparticles-in-viscoelastic-environments
#12
Patrick Ilg, Apostolos E A S Evangelopoulos
While magnetic nanoparticles suspended in Newtonian solvents (ferrofluids) have been intensively studied in recent years, the effects of viscoelasticity of the surrounding medium on the nanoparticle dynamics are much less understood. Here we investigate a mesoscopic model for the orientational dynamics of isolated magnetic nanoparticles subject to external fields, viscous and viscoelastic friction, as well as the corresponding random torques. We solve the model analytically in the overdamped limit for weak viscoelasticity...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775295/noncovalent-grafting-of-a-dy-iii-2-single-molecule-magnet-onto-chemically-modified-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes
#13
Vassilis Tangoulis, Nikolia Lalioti, John Parthenios, Nikos Boukos, Ondřej Malina, Jiří Tuček, Radek Zbořil
While synthetic methods for the grafting of nanoparticles or photoactive molecules onto carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been developed in the last years, a very limited number of reports have appeared on the grafting of single-molecule magnets (SMMs) onto CNTs. There are many potential causes, mainly focused on the fact that the attachment of molecules on surfaces remains not trivial and their magnetic properties are significantly affected upon attachment. Nevertheless, implementation of this particular type of hybrid material in demanding fields such as spintronic devices makes of utmost importance the investigation of new synthetic protocols for effective grafting...
May 18, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775283/magnetic-glycol-chitin-based-hydrogel-nanocomposite-for-combined-thermal-and-d-amino-acid-assisted-biofilm-disruption
#14
Eric C Abenojar, Sameera Wickramasinghe, Minseon Ju, Sarika Uppaluri, Alison Klika, Jaiben George, Wael Barsoum, Salvatore J Frangiamore, Carlos A Higuera-Rueda, Anna Cristina S Samia
Bacterial biofilms are highly antibiotic resistant microbial cell associations that lead to chronic infections. Unlike free-floating planktonic bacterial cells, the biofilms are encapsulated in a hardly penetrable extracellular polymeric matrix and, thus, demand innovative approaches for treatment. Recent advancements on the development of gel-nanocomposite systems with tailored therapeutic properties provide promising routes to develop novel antimicrobial agents that can be designed to disrupt and completely eradicate preformed biofilms...
May 18, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775052/double-photosystems-based-z-scheme-photoelectrochemical-sensing-mode-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-disease-biomarker-accompanying-3d-dna-walker
#15
Shuzhen Lv, Kangyao Zhang, Yongyi Zeng, Dianping Tang
A new double photosystems-based 'Z-scheme' photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensing platform is designed for ultrasensitive detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) by coupling with three-dimensional (3D) DNA walker. Two photosystems consist of CdS quantum dots (photosystem I; PS I) and BiVO4 photoactive materials (photosystem II; PS II), whereas gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) photodeposited on high-active {010} facets of BiVO4 are used as the electron mediators to promote electron transfer from conduction band (CB) of PS II to valence band (VB) of PS I...
May 18, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774340/a-molecular-approach-to-magnetic-metallic-nanostructures-from-metallopolymer-precursors
#16
Qingchen Dong, Zhengong Meng, Cheuk-Lam Ho, Hongen Guo, Weiyou Yang, Ian Manners, Linli Xu, Wai-Yeung Wong
In recent years, metallopolymers have attracted much attention as precursors to generate magnetic metal/metal alloy nanoparticles (NPs) through pyrolysis or photolysis because they offer the advantages of ease of solution processability, atomic level mixing and stoichiometric control over composition. The as-generated NPs usually possess narrow size distributions with precise control of composition and density per unit area. Moreover, patterned NPs can be achieved on various substrates in this way owing to the good film-forming property of metallopolymers and such work is important for many applications based on metal nanostructures...
May 18, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774111/ceragenin-csa-13-as-free-molecules-and-attached-to-magnetic-nanoparticle-surfaces-induce-caspase-dependent-apoptosis-in-human-breast-cancer-cells-via-disruption-of-cell-oxidative-balance
#17
Ewelina Piktel, Izabela Prokop, Urszula Wnorowska, Grzegorz Król, Mateusz Cieśluk, Katarzyna Niemirowicz, Paul B Savage, Robert Bucki
Natural antimicrobial peptides and ceragenins, as non-peptide amphipathic mimics, have been proposed as anti-cancer agents. To date, it has been confirmed that cathelicidin LL-37 and ceragenin CSA-13, both in free form and immobilized on the surface of magnetic nanoparticles (MNP@LL-37, MNP@CSA-13) induce apoptosis in colon cancer cells. Nevertheless, the question remains whether ceragenins, as synthetic analogs of LL-37 peptide and mimicking a number of its properties, act as antineoplastic agents in breast cancer cells, where LL-37 peptide stimulates oncogenesis...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773369/cellulose-based-molecularly-imprinted-red-blood-cell-like-microparticles-for-the-selective-capture-of-cortisol
#18
Koichiro Hayashi, Hikaru Hayashi, Shota Yamada, Wataru Sakamoto, Toshinobu Yogo
Magnetite-nanoparticle-containing red-blood-cell-like-microparticles (M-RBC-MPs) with a selective ability for trapping cortisol (COR) were synthesized by an electrospray technique of a molecularly imprinted ethyl(hydroxyethyl) cellulose (EHEC)-based precursor. The as-synthezied M-RBC-MPs were ∼3-μm-disks with a dent. M-RBC-MPs contained magnetite nanoparticles below 15 nm in diameter, which exhibited magnetization and no room-temperature coercivity. The molecularly imprinted M-RBC-MPs (MI-M-RBC-MPs) passed through pores less than their diameter...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772424/enhanced-hexavalent-chromium-removal-performance-and-stabilization-by-magnetic-iron-nanoparticles-assisted-biochar-in-aqueous-solution-mechanisms-and-application-potential
#19
Shishu Zhu, Xiaochen Huang, Dawei Wang, Li Wang, Fang Ma
The superiority of the nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) assisted biochar (BC) composites compared to traditional nZVI and its application feasibility are still unclear. This study aimed to provide valuable information for practical application. Firstly, the Fe/BC mass ratio of 2:1 during the preparation of nZVI-BC was proved obtaining the complete Cr6+ removal. Then, results revealed that the initial pH value tuned Cr6+ removal performance via varying existing Cr6+ species, surface charge, and chemical states of iron nanoparticles (NPs)...
May 9, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772078/evaluating-blood-clot-progression-using-magnetic-particle-spectroscopy
#20
Hafsa Khurshid, Yipeng Shi, Brent L Berwin, John B Weaver
PURPOSE: To evaluate the thrombus maturity non-invasively providing the promise of much earlier and more accurate diagnosis of diseases ranging from stroke to myocardial infarction to deep vein thrombosis. METHODS: Magnetic spectroscopy of nanoparticle Brownian rotation (MSB), a form of magnetic particle spectroscopy sensitive to Brownian rotation of magnetic nanoparticles, was used for the detection and characterization of blood clots. The nanoparticles' relaxation time was quantified by scaling the MSB spectra in frequency to match the spectra from nanoparticles in a reference state...
May 17, 2018: Medical Physics
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