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Magnetic nanoparticles

Maneea Eizadi Sharifabad, Tim Mercer, Tapas Sen
Liposome-capped core-shell mesoporous silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles called 'magnetic protocells' were prepared as novel nanocomposites and used for loading anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) for cellular toxicity study. Cytotoxicity of the magnetic protocells with or without DOX was tested in vitro on commercial MCF7 and U87 cell lines under alternating magnetic field. MCF7 cell line treated with the DOX-loaded nanoparticles under alternating magnetic field exhibited nearly 20% lower survival rate after 24 h compared with cells treated with free DOX and similarly, it was around 24% when applied to U87...
October 19, 2016: Nanomedicine
Saeed Zavareh, Milad Mahdi, Soheyla Erfanian, Hamid Hashemi-Moghaddam
PURPOSE: Carrier-mediated drug delivery systems can be used to increase the intracellular concentration of drugs in cancerous cells, thereby improving drug biodistribution and minimizing unwanted side effects. This study aimed to investigate the effect of synthesized magnetic molecularly imprinted polydopamine for controlled doxorubicin (DOX) delivery in a breast adenocarcinoma model of BALB/c mice with an external magnetic field. METHODS: The synthesized DOX-imprinted polydopamine (DOX-IP) was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy...
October 17, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Cristina Munoz-Menendez, Ivan Conde-Leboran, David Serantes, Roy Chantrell, Oksana Chubykalo-Fesenko, Daniel Baldomir
In the magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH) research field, it is usually assumed that achieving a uniform temperature enhancement (ΔT) of the entire tumour is a key-point for treatment. However, various experimental works reported successful cell apoptosis via MFH without a noticeable ΔT of the system. A possible explanation of the success of these negligible-ΔT experiments is that a local ΔT restricted to the particle nanoenvironment (i.e. with no significant effect on the global temperature T) could be enough to trigger cell death...
October 18, 2016: Soft Matter
Wan-Li He, Wei-Kai Zhang, Huan Xu, Li-Hao Li, Zhou Yang, Hui Cao, Dong Wang, Zhi-Gang Zheng, Huai Yang
The magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle-doped blue phase liquid crystal (BPLC) was found to have a relatively strong contrast ratio in magnetic-addressed display performance compared to the composites in other phases; this is a new application of the BPLC and a way to prepare a new type of power-free magnetically-driven LC flexible display.
October 18, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Kuen-Lin Chen, Yao-Wei Yeh, Jian-Ming Chen, Yu-Jie Hong, Tsung-Lin Huang, Zu-Yin Deng, Chiu-Hsien Wu, Su-Hsien Liao, Li-Min Wang
Magnetoplasmonic nanoparticles, composed of a plasmonic layer and a magnetic core, have been widely shown as promising contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications. However, their application in low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LFNMR) research remains scarce. Here we synthesised γ-Fe2O3/Au core/shell (γ-Fe2O3@Au) nanoparticles and subsequently used them in a homemade, high-Tc, superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) LFNMR system. Remarkably, we found that both the proton spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) and proton spin-spin relaxation time (T2) were influenced by the presence of γ-Fe2O3@Au nanoparticles...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Febelyn Reguyal, Ajit K Sarmah, Wei Gao
Magnetisation of carbonaceous adsorbent using iron oxide (FexOy) has potential to decrease the recovery cost of spent adsorbent because it could be separated magnetically. However, formation of various phases of FexOy and iron hydroxide (Fex(OH)y) during synthesis particularly the non-magnetic phases are difficult to control and could significantly reduce the magnetic saturation of the adsorbent. Hence, formation of the most magnetic FexOy, Fe3O4, on biochar via oxidative hydrolysis of FeCl2 under alkaline media was performed to synthesise magnetic adsorbent using pine sawdust biochar (magnetic pine sawdust biochar: MPSB)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Vidhya Kumar, Yves Boucher, Hao Liu, Diego Ferreira, Jacob Hooker, Ciprian Catana, Andrew J Hoover, Tobias Ritter, Rakesh K Jain, Alexander R Guimaraes
PURPOSE: Losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, can reduce desmoplasia and enhance drug delivery and efficacy through improving interstitial transport and vascular perfusion in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) models in mice. The purpose of this study was to determine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) and micro-positron emission tomography (PET) measurements could respectively detect improvements in tumor vascular parameters and drug uptake in orthotopic PDAC in mice treated with losartan...
October 2016: Translational Oncology
Dongqing Kong, Sai Bi, Zonghua Wang, Jianfei Xia, Feifei Zhang
In this work, an in situ growth protocol is introduced to fabricate three-dimensional graphene films (3D GFs) on gold substrates, which are successfully utilized as working electrode for electrochemical detection of nucleic acid (microRNA) and protein (lysozyme) based on a signal-on sensing mechanism. To realize the bridge between the gold substrate and graphene film, a monolayer of 4-aminothiophenol is self-assembled on the substrate, which is then served as connectors for the growth of 3D GFs on the gold substrate by the hydrothermal reduction (HR) technique...
October 18, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Marie-France Penet, Jiefu Jin, Zhihang Chen, Zaver M Bhujwalla
With its exquisite anatomical resolution and wide-ranging functional imaging capabilities, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has found multiple applications in detection, staging, and monitoring treatment response in cancer. The metabolic information provided by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is being actively investigated to complement MRI parameters, as well as existing biomarkers, in cancer detection and in monitoring response to treatment. Located at the interface of detection and therapy, theranostic imaging is a rapidly expanding new field that is showing significant promise for precision medicine of cancer...
October 2016: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
Chi K Tang, Abhay Vaze, Min Shen, James F Rusling
Microchip-based microfluidic electrochemical arrays hold great promise for fast, high-throughput multiplexed detection of cancer biomarker proteins at low cost per assay using relatively simple instrumentation. Here we describe an inexpensive high-throughput electrochemical array featuring 32 individually addressable microelectrodes that is further multiplexed with an 8-port manifold to provide 256 sensors. The gold electrode arrays were fabricated by wet-etching commercial gold compact discs (CD-R) followed by patterned insulation...
August 26, 2016: ACS Sensors
Qiong Xiao, Qin Yin, Hui Ni, Huinong Cai, Changzheng Wu, Anfeng Xiao
Carboxyl functioned magnetic nanoparticles (CMNPs) were prepared by a simple co-precipitation method and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spedtroscopy and scanning electron microscope. The prepared CMNPs were used for covalent immobilization of the arylsulfatase which could be applied in desulfation of agar. The optimal immobilizaion conditions were obtained as follows: glutaraldehyde concentration 1.0% (v/v), cross-linking time 3h, immobilization time 3h, immobilization temperature 5°C and enzyme dose 0...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Cancan Xu, Rui Liu, Lvjun Chen, Jialu Tang
Ni/Fe-Fe3O4 nanocomposites were synthesized for dechlorination of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). The effects of the Ni content in Ni/Fe-Fe3O4 nanocomposites, solution pH, and common dissolved ions on the dechlorination efficiency were investigated, in addition to the reusability of the nanocomposites. The results showed that increasing content of Ni in Ni/Fe-Fe3O4 nanocomposites, from 1 to 5wt.%, greatly increased the dechlorination efficiency; the Ni/Fe-Fe3O4 nanocomposites had much higher dechlorination efficiency than bare Ni/Fe nanoparticles...
October 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Antonella Antonelli, Carla Sfara, Oliver Weber, Ulrich Pison, Elisabetta Manuali, Sonia Salamida, Mauro Magnani
AIM: The biomedical application of contrast agents based on superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles is still limited because of their short intravascular half-life. The potential of red blood cells (RBCs) loaded with new ferucarbotran nanoparticles as magnetic contrast agents with longer blood retention time has been investigated. MATERIALS & METHODS: Ferucarbotran was loaded into RBCs by a procedure of hypotonic dialysis and isotonic resealing. Ferucarbotran amounts encapsulated in RBCs were determined by NMR...
October 14, 2016: Nanomedicine
Sophie Richard, Véronique Eder, Gianvito Caputo, Clément Journé, Phalla Ou, Julie Bolley, Liliane Louedec, Erwann Guenin, Laurence Motte, Nicola Pinna, Yoann Lalatonne
AIM: Tunable size ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles from 3 to 9 nm coated with polyethylene glycol phosphonate moieties have been designed for neovascularization MRI. MATERIALS & METHODS: USPIO were synthesized using a nonaqueous sol-gel method. An ischemia-reperfusion rat model has been chosen for neo-angiogenesis and scanned on MRI after injection of different sized USPIO. Histological studies have been performed for USPIO localization within the tissue...
October 14, 2016: Nanomedicine
Peng Mi, Fang Wang, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Horacio Cabral
Several imaging modalities have been widely applied for the detection of cancer and its pathological activity in combination with probes capable of improving the contrast between healthy and cancerous tissues. Biocompatible polymeric nanoassemblies have been developed for precise detection of malignant tumors by enhancing the selectivity and sensitivity of the imaging. Exploiting the compartmentalized structure of the nanoassemblies advantageously allows delivering both imaging and therapeutic agents for cancer multifunctional imaging and theranostics, i...
October 14, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Farah Benyettou, Jaen Alonso Ocadiz Flores, Florent Ravaux, Rachid Rezgui, Mustapha Jouiad, Samer I Nehme, Rajesh Kumar Parsapur, John-Carl Olsen, Parasuraman Selvam, Ali Trabolsi
Mesoporous iron-oxide nanoparticles (mNPs) were prepared by using a modified nanocasting approach with mesoporous carbon as a hard template. mNPs were first loaded with doxorubicin (Dox), an anticancer drug, and then coated with the thermosensitive polymer Pluronic F108 to prevent the leakage of Dox molecules from the pores that would otherwise occur under physiological conditions. The Dox-loaded, Pluronic F108-coated system (Dox@F108-mNPs) was stable at room temperature and physiological pH and released its Dox cargo slowly under acidic conditions or in a sudden burst with magnetic heating...
October 14, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Jabadurai Jayapaul, Susanne Arns, Matt Bunker, Marek Weiler, Sandra Rutherford, Peter Comba, Fabian Kiessling
: Riboflavin (Rf) receptors bind and translocate Rf and its phosphorylated forms (e.g. flavin mononucleotide, FMN) into cells where they mediate various cellular metabolic pathways. Previously, we showed that FMN-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (FLUSPIO) nanoparticles are suitable for labeling metabolically active cancer and endothelial cells in vitro. In this study, we focused on the in vivo application of FLUSPIO using prostate cancer xenografts. Size, charge, and chemical composition of FLUSPIO were evaluated...
2016: Nano Research
Avnesh S Thakor, Jessie V Jokerst, Pejman Ghanouni, Jos Campbell, Erik Mittra, Sam S Gambhir
Nanoparticles (NPs) are new class of imaging agents that can be used for both anatomic and molecular imaging due to their small size and unique properties. Nanoparticle-based imaging exploits the signal intensity, stability, and biodistribution behavior of sub-micron diameter molecular imaging agents. This review focuses on nanoparticles used in human medical imaging with an emphasis on radionuclide and magnetic resonance imaging. Newer nanoparticle platforms are also discussed in relation to theranostic and multimodal nanoparticles...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Xianxian Yao, Xingxing Niu, Kexin Ma, Ping Huang, Julia Grothe, Stefan Kaskel, Yufang Zhu
A multifunctional platform is reported for synergistic therapy with controlled drug release, magnetic hyperthermia, and photothermal therapy, which is composed of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) as caps and local photothermal generators and magnetic mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MMSN) as drug carriers and magnetic thermoseeds. The structure, drug release behavior, magnetic hyperthermia capacity, photothermal effect, and synergistic therapeutic efficiency of the MMSN/GQDs nanoparticles are investigated. The results show that monodisperse MMSN/GQDs nanoparticles with the particle size of 100 nm can load doxorubicin (DOX) and trigger DOX release by low pH environment...
October 13, 2016: Small
Peng Wang, Jianfei Sun, Zhichao Lou, Fengguo Fan, Ke Hu, Yi Sun, Ning Gu
Films of gold nanoparticles are easily fabricated by layer-by-layer assembly. With increasing number of layers a transition of the electric property from insulating to conducting can be achieved. This conductivity leads to controllable thermogenesis of the film, which can be employed for drug release of loaded hydrogels.
October 13, 2016: Advanced Materials
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