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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102293/a-new-coumarin-derivative-4-acetatecoumarin-with-antifungal-activity-and-association-study-against-aspergillus-spp
#1
Felipe Q S Guerra, Rodrigo S A Araújo, Janiere P Sousa, Viviane A Silva, Fillipe O Pereira, Francisco J B Mendonça-Junior, José M Barbosa-Filho, Julio Abrantes Pereira, Edeltrudes O Lima
Fungal infections have become a concern for health professionals, and the emergence of resistant strains has been reported for all known classes of antifungal drugs. Among the fungi causing disease, we highlight those that belong to the genus Aspergillus. For these reasons, the search for new antifungals is important. This study examines the effects of a coumarin derivative, 4-acetatecoumarin (Cou-UMB16) both alone and together with antifungal drugs, and its mode of action against Aspergillus spp. Cou-UMB16 was tested to evaluate its effects on mycelia growth, and germination of Aspergillus spp...
October 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955375/ferulic-acid-but-not-all-hydroxycinnamic-acids-is-a-novel-t3ss-inducer-of-ralstonia-solanacearum-and-promotes-its-infection-process-in-host-plants-under-hydroponic-condition
#2
Yong Zhang, Jing Li, Weiqi Zhang, Rongsheng Wang, Qiaoqing Qiu, Feng Luo, Yasufumi Hikichi, Kouhei Ohnishi, Wei Ding
Hydroxycinnamic acids (HCAs) are typical monocyclic phenylpropanoids, including cinnamic acid (Cin), coumaric acid (Cou), caffeic acid (Caf), ferulic acid (FA) and their isomers, and involved in the interactions between pathogens and host plants. Here, we focused on the impact of HCAs on expression of type III secretion system (T3SS) in Ralstonia solanacearum. FA significantly induced the expression of the T3SS and some type III effectors (T3Es) genes in hrp-inducing medium, while did not the other HCAs. However, exogenously supplemented FA did not affect the T3SS expression in planta and the elicitation of the hypersensitive response (HR) in tobacco leaves...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939004/the-phase-3-cou-aa-302-study-of-abiraterone-acetate-plus-prednisone-in-men-with-chemotherapy-na%C3%A3-ve-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-stratified-analysis-based-on-pain-prostate-specific-antigen-and-gleason-score
#3
Kurt Miller, Joan Carles, Jürgen E Gschwend, Hendrik Van Poppel, Joris Diels, Sabine D Brookman-May
BACKGROUND: In the COU-AA-302 study (NCT00887198), abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AAP) significantly improved outcomes in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) versus prednisone alone. Baseline clinical parameters predicting that treatment response could help inform clinical decisions were explored. OBJECTIVE: To identify patients who derive the greatest clinical benefit from AAP treatment. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1088 mCRPC patients treated with either AAP or prednisone in the first-line setting in COU-AA-302 were included in this post hoc analysis...
September 20, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932114/spermidine-mediated-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-nanoparticles-containing-fluorofenidone-for-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#4
Jing Tang, Jianming Li, Guo Li, Haitao Zhang, Ling Wang, Dai Li, Jinsong Ding
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive, fatal lung disease with poor survival. The advances made in deciphering this disease have led to the approval of different antifibrotic molecules, such as pirfenidone and nintedanib. An increasing number of studies with particles (liposomes, nanoparticles [NPs], microspheres, nanopolymersomes, and nanoliposomes) modified with different functional groups have demonstrated improvement in lung-targeted drug delivery. In the present study, we prepared, characterized, and evaluated spermidine (Spd)-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) NPs as carriers for fluorofenidone (AKF) to improve the antifibrotic efficacy of this drug in the lung...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867370/transport-mechanism-of-chitosan-n-acetylcysteine-chitosan-oligosaccharides-or-carboxymethyl-chitosan-decorated-coumarin-6-loaded-nanostructured-lipid-carriers-across-the-rabbit-ocular
#5
Jinyu Li, Guoxin Tan, Bingchao Cheng, Dandan Liu, Weisan Pan
To facilitate the hydrophobic drugs modeled by coumarin-6 (Cou-6) acrossing the cornea to the anterior chamber of the rabbit eye, chitosan (CS) derivatives including chitosan-N-acetyl-l-cysteine (CS-NAC), chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) modified nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) were designed and characterized. We found that, with similar size distribution and positivecharges, different CS derivatives based on NLCs led to distinctive delivery performance. In vivo precorneal retention study on rabbits revealed that these CS derivatives coating exhibited a stronger resistant effect than Cou-6 eye drops and Cou-6-NLC (P<0...
November 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844792/prognostic-index-model-for-progression-free-survival-in-chemotherapy-na%C3%A3-ve-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-treated-with-abiraterone-acetate-plus-prednisone
#6
Charles J Ryan, Thian Kheoh, Jinhui Li, Arturo Molina, Peter De Porre, Joan Carles, Eleni Efstathiou, Philip W Kantoff, Peter F A Mulders, Fred Saad, Kim N Chi
BACKGROUND: Radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) is associated with overall survival (OS) in chemotherapy-naïve metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. Using readily assessable baseline clinical and laboratory parameters, we developed a prognostic index model for rPFS in chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC patients without visceral disease who were treated with abiraterone acetate plus prednisone. METHODS: Data from the abiraterone acetate plus prednisone arm of COU-AA-302 were used...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791863/improved-aromatic-substitution-rearrangement-based-ratiometric-fluorescent-cysteine-specific-probe-and-its-application-of-real-time-imaging-under-oxidative-stress-in-living-zebrafish
#7
Longwei He, Xueling Yang, Kaixin Xu, Weiying Lin
Biothiols, including cysteine (Cys), homocysteine (Hcy), and glutathione (GSH), play a crucial role in many physiological processes. Cys production and metabolism is closely connected with Hcy and GSH; meanwhile, the dynamic antioxidant defenses network by Cys is independent of the GSH system, and Cys can serve as a more effective biomarker of oxidative stress. Hence, it is significant and urgent to develop an efficient method for specific detection of Cys over other biothiols (Hcy/GSH). However, most of the present Cys-specific fluorescent probes distinguished Cys from Hcy through response time, which would suffer from an unavoidable interference from Hcy in long-time detection...
September 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776672/mechanisms-involved-in-the-cytotoxic-action-of-brazilian-propolis-and-caffeic-acid-against-hep-2-cells-and-modulation-of-p-glycoprotein-activity
#8
Lívia M da Silva, Yahima Frión-Herrera, Ariane R Bartolomeu, Carolina Mendonça Gorgulho, José M Sforcin
OBJECTIVES: The effects of propolis and phenolic compounds (caffeic acid - Caf; dihydrocinnamic acid - Cin; p-coumaric acid - Cou) in the same quantity found in our propolis sample were investigated on human laryngeal epidermoid carcinoma (HEp-2) cells. METHODS: Cell viability, apoptosis/necrosis and cell cycle arrest, P53 and CASPASE-3 gene expression, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the ability of propolis to induce doxorubicin (DOX) efflux using a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor (verapamil) were assayed...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776508/two-novel-bimetallic-transition-metal-uranyl-one-dimensional-coordination-polymers-with-manganese-ii-and-cobalt-ii-incorporating-bridging-diglycolate-2-2-oxydiacetate-ligands
#9
J August Ridenour, Mikaela M Pyrch, Zachery J Manning, Jeffery A Bertke, Christopher L Cahill
The crystal structures of two new bimetallic uranyl-transition metal compounds with diglycolic acid [or 2-(carboxymethoxy)acetic acid] have been hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized via single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The compounds, namely catena-poly[[[tetraaquamanganese(II)]-μ-2,2'-oxydiacetato-[dioxidouranium(VI)]-μ-2,2'-oxydiacetato] dihydrate], {[MnU(C4H4O5)2O2(H2O)4]·2H2O}n, and catena-poly[[[tetraaquacobalt(II)]-μ-2,2'-oxydiacetato-[dioxidouranium(VI)]-μ-2,2'-oxydiacetato] dihydrate], {[CoU(C4H4O5)2O2(H2O)4]·2H2O}n, both crystallize in the triclinic space group P-1...
August 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761993/coumarin-impairs-redox-homeostasis-in-wheat-aleurone-layers
#10
Ahmed M Saleh, Rashad Kebeish
Many plant families produce coumarin (COU) and its derivatives as secondary metabolites via the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway. This ubiquitous group of phytochemicals was shown to have diverse physiological effects on cellular, tissue, and organ levels. So far, research dealing with the hormonal like behavior of COU and its interaction with the activity and/or transport of phytohormones is very limited. In the current study, the impact of COU on redox homeostasis in aleurone layers of wheat grains was investigated...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744160/impact-of-abiraterone-on-patient-related-outcomes-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-current-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Joelle El-Amm, Rami Nassabein, Jeanny B Aragon-Ching
Abiraterone acetate has established a major role in the treatment paradigm of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer ever since pivotal trials, COU-AA-301 and COU-AA-302, have shown benefit in both the second-line and first-line (post- and pre-chemotherapy) setting, respectively, with improvement in overall survival as well as secondary end points such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and radiographic response rates, time to PSA progression, and progression-free survival. There has been a lot of interest and emphasis in the evaluation of patient-related outcomes (PROs) as it relates to quality of life, pain, adverse events, fatigue, and among others, in the use of different agents that have been shown to improve survival...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649689/the-first-transition-metal-phthalocyanines-sensitizing-rubrene-emission-based-on-triplet-triplet-annihilation
#12
Jianlei Han, Fei Zhang, Jing You, Yonemura Hiroaki, Sunao Yamada, Toru Morifuji, Shirong Wang, Xianggao Li
Metallophthalocyanines (MPc-o-Cou, M = Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) with fourth period metal ions have been successfully applied as a sensitizer coupled with rubrene (Rub) in photon upconversion based on triplet-triplet annihilation. An upconversion quantum yield (ϕPUC) of up to 4.82% was observed in the CoPc-o-Cou : Rub couple. The absorption and phosphorescence emission spectra showed that the Q bands and phosphorescence emission peaks were dramatically dependent on the number of d-electrons of the metal ions in MPc-o-Cou...
September 13, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594889/use-of-the-fda-nozzle-model-to-illustrate-validation-techniques-in-computational-fluid-dynamics-cfd-simulations
#13
Prasanna Hariharan, Gavin A D'Souza, Marc Horner, Tina M Morrison, Richard A Malinauskas, Matthew R Myers
A "credible" computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model has the potential to provide a meaningful evaluation of safety in medical devices. One major challenge in establishing "model credibility" is to determine the required degree of similarity between the model and experimental results for the model to be considered sufficiently validated. This study proposes a "threshold-based" validation approach that provides a well-defined acceptance criteria, which is a function of how close the simulation and experimental results are to the safety threshold, for establishing the model validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562371/the-role-of-the-multiparametric-mri-in-the-diagnosis-of-prostate-cancer-in-biopsy-na%C3%A3-ve-men
#14
Adrian Rhudd, Jean McDonald, Mark Emberton, Veeru Kasivisvanathan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the role of prebiopsy multiparametric MRI in biopsy-naïve men for the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent level 1 evidence shows that multiparametric MRI has high sensitivity and negative predictive value for the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer in biopsy-naïve men. Concurrent developments include important work in the standardization of MRI reporting. The low specificity and positive predictive value of MRI means that biopsy is still necessary following MRI...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508031/altered-levels-of-blood-proteins-in-alzheimer-s-disease-longitudinal-study-results-from-australian-imaging-biomarkers-lifestyle-study-of-ageing-cohort
#15
Veer Bala Gupta, Eugene Hone, Steve Pedrini, James Doecke, Sid O'Bryant, Ian James, Ashley I Bush, Christopher C Rowe, Victor L Villemagne, David Ames, Colin L Masters, Ralph N Martins
INTRODUCTION: A blood-based biomarker panel to identify individuals with preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD) would be an inexpensive and accessible first step for routine testing. METHODS: We analyzed 14 biomarkers that have previously been linked to AD in the Australian Imaging Biomarkers lifestyle longitudinal study of aging cohort. RESULTS: Levels of apolipoprotein J (apoJ) were higher in AD individuals compared with healthy controls at baseline and 18 months (P = ...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453964/degradation-of-sulfadimethoxine-catalyzed-by-laccase-with-soybean-meal-extract-as-natural-mediator-mechanism-and-reaction-pathway
#16
Shangtao Liang, Qi Luo, Qingguo Huang
Natural laccase-mediator systems have been well recognized as an eco-friendly and energy-saving approach in environmental remediation, whose further application is however limited by the high cost of natural mediators and relatively long treatment time span. This study evaluated the water extract of soybean meal, a low-cost compound system, in mediating the laccase catalyzed degradation of a model contaminant of emerging concern, sulfadimethoxine (SDM), and demonstrated it as a promising alternative mediator for soil and water remediation...
August 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434219/hydrogen-peroxide-responsive-nanoprobe-assists-circulating-tumor-cell-identification-and-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis
#17
Chunting Li, Ruijun Pan, Peiyong Li, Qinghua Guan, Junping Ao, Kai Wang, Li Xu, Xiaofei Liang, Xin Jin, Chuan Zhang, Xinyuan Zhu
In the clinic, numeration of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) plays a critical role in cancer diagnosis and treatment, but conventional CTC identification and counting that rely on specific antibodies to characterize a cell's surface antigens are costive and with limitations. Importantly, false positive or negative results may occur due to the high heterogeneity and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of CTCs. Herein we demonstrate a novel and effective CTC detecting nanoprobe that could rapidly respond to the high level of endogenous H2O2 of CTCs and report the signal through fluorescence emission...
June 6, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429896/production-of-a-conjugate-between-the-rk346-antigen-from-leishmania-infantum-and-the-horseradish-peroxidase-c-for-the-detection-of-rk346-antibodies
#18
Juan Rengifo-González, Yollyseth Medina-Mora, Sasha Silva-Barrios, María Elizabeth Márquez-Contreras, María Tibisay Ruiz, Ana J Cáceres, Juan Luis Concepción, Wilfredo Quiñones
It was designed and characterized a reporter system to be captured by an- tibodies bound to ELISA plates. The system was designed with the rK346 from Leishmania infantum, a highly antigenic and specific protein. The rK346 was coupled to the horseradish peroxidase C (HRPc) from Armoracia rusticana using glutaraldehyde or sulfo-SMCC. Gluta- raldehyde conjugation was performed in two steps. Separation of conjugates was carried out using a Sepharose S-200 in size exclusion chromatography (SEC); fractions were analyzed via HRPc activity and through ELISA plates sensitized with polyclonal anti-rK346 IgG puri- fied from rabbit serum...
June 2016: Investigación Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414430/palladium-catalyzed-asymmetric-three-component-coupling-of-boronic-esters-indoles-and-allylic-acetates
#19
Santanu Panda, Joseph M Ready
Boronic esters react with 2-lithiated indoles to form boronate intermediates. The boronate reacts with allylic acetates in the presence of (BINAP)Pd catalysts to allylate C3 concurrent with alkyl migration from B to C2 of the indole. Overall, the process is a three-component coupling that joins an allylic acetate, and indole and an organo-B(pin) species to provide substituted indoles and indolines with high enantio-, regio-, and diastereoselectivity.
May 3, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409494/association-between-metabolically-healthy-central-obesity-in-women-and-levels-of-soluble-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-soluble-vascular-adhesion-protein-1-and-the-activity-of-semicarbazide-sensitive-amine-oxidase
#20
Ivana Koborová, Radana Gurecká, Melinda Csongová, Katarína Volkovová, Éva Szökő, Tamás Tábi, Katarína Šebeková
AIM: To determine the levels of circulating soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), as a biomarker of risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease development in centrally obese (CO) women considered metabolically healthy (COH) in comparison with those metabolically unhealthy (COU). METHODS: 47 lean healthy, 17 COH (presenting waist-to-height ratio ≥0.5 but not elevated blood pressure, atherogenic lipid profile, and insulin resistance), and 50 COU (CO presenting ≥2 risk factors) women aged 40-45 years were included...
April 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
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