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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447351/research-versus-practice-in-quality-improvement-understanding-how-we-can-bridge-the-gap
#1
Lisa R Hirschhorn, Rohit Ramaswamy, Mahesh Devnani, Abraham Wandersman, Lisa A Simpson, Ezequiel Garcia-Elorrio
The gap between implementers and researchers of quality improvement (QI) has hampered the degree and speed of change needed to reduce avoidable suffering and harm in health care. Underlying causes of this gap include differences in goals and incentives, preferred methodologies, level and types of evidence prioritized and targeted audiences. The Salzburg Global Seminar on 'Better Health Care: How do we learn about improvement?' brought together researchers, policy makers, funders, implementers, evaluators from low-, middle- and high-income countries to explore how to increase the impact of QI...
February 13, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446534/habitat-maintenance-and-local-economic-ethics-in-rural-atlantic-canada
#2
Karen Foster
Inspired by Jane Jacobs's writing on "habitat maintenance," this paper seeks to identify the ethics that sometimes compel rural residents to act in ways that preserve their communities in the long run, despite short-term incentives to do otherwise. Data from focus groups in four rural Atlantic Canadian communities suggest shared ethics around entrepreneurship, market competition, buying local, and subsistence, some of which underlie the rural practices and perspectives that appear, to some outsiders, as irrational and "backwards...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441344/implementation-of-a-sustainable-training-system-for-emergency-in-vietnam
#3
REVIEW
Sunjoo Kang, Hyejin Seo, Binh Duy Ho, Phuong Thi Anh Nguyen
Purpose: This study analyzed the project outcomes to share lessons regarding the development of an emergency medicine education system in Vietnam. Methods: Retrospective evaluation was implemented using project outcome indicators. Results: A total of 13 training courses were administered, with the collaboration of international experts in Korea and Vietnam. A total of 23 kinds of emergency medicine education equipment were purchased, and a basic life support (BLS) and two advanced cardiac life support labs were remodeled to provide appropriate simulation training...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441194/leadership-and-capacity-building-in-international-chiropractic-research-introducing-the-chiropractic-academy-for-research-leadership-carl
#4
EDITORIAL
Jon Adams, Greg Kawchuk, Alexander Breen, Diana De Carvalho, Andreas Eklund, Matthew Fernandez, Martha Funabashi, Michelle M Holmes, Melker S Johansson, Katie de Luca, Craig Moore, Isabelle Pagé, Katherine A Pohlman, Michael S Swain, Arnold Y L Wong, Jan Hartvigsen
In an evidence-based health care environment, healthcare professions require a sustainable research culture to remain relevant. At present however, there is not a mature research culture across the chiropractic profession largely due to deficiencies in research capacity and leadership, which may be caused by a lack of chiropractic teaching programs in major universities. As a response to this challenge the Chiropractic Academy for Research Leadership, CARL, was created with the aim of develop a global network of successful early-career chiropractic researchers under the mentorship of three successful senior academics from Australia, Canada, and Denmark...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440420/companies-contribution-to-sustainability-through-global-supply-chains
#5
Tannis Thorlakson, Joann F de Zegher, Eric F Lambin
Global supply chains play a critical role in many of the most pressing environmental stresses and social struggles identified by the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Responding to calls from the global community, companies are adopting a variety of voluntary practices to improve the environmental and/or social management of their suppliers' activities. We develop a global survey of 449 publicly listed companies in the food, textile, and wood-products sectors with annual reports in English to provide insight into how the private sector contributes to advancing the SDGs via such sustainable-sourcing practices...
February 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439664/heart-rate-defined-sustained-attention-in-infants-at-risk-for-autism
#6
Bridgette L Tonnsen, John E Richards, Jane E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Although aberrant visual attention has been identified in infants at high familial risk for autism, the developmental emergence of atypical attention remains unclear. Integrating biological measures of attention into prospective high-risk infant studies may inform more nuanced developmental trajectories, clarifying the onset and course of atypical attention and potentially advancing early screening or treatment protocols. Heart rate-defined sustained attention (HRDSA) is a well-validated biological measure of attentional engagement that, in non-clinical infant populations, provides incremental information about attentional engagement beyond looking behaviors alone...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434521/nursing-education-challenges-and-solutions-in-sub-saharan-africa-an-integrative-review
#7
Thokozani Bvumbwe, Ntombifikile Mtshali
Background: The Lancet Commission and the Global Health Workforce Alliance reported that professional education has generally not kept up the pace of health care challenges. Sub Saharan Africa needs an effective and efficient nursing education system to build an adequate, competent and relevant nursing workforce necessary for the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals. The Plan of Action for Scaling up Quality Nursing and Midwifery Education and Practice for the African Region 2012 - 2022 provided a framework for scale up of nurses and midwives...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434313/distributions-of-phytoplankton-carbohydrate-protein-and-lipid-in-the-world-oceans-from-satellite-ocean-colour
#8
Shovonlal Roy
Energy value of phytoplankton regulates the growth of higher trophic species, affecting the tropic balance and sustainability of marine food webs. Therefore, developing our capability to estimate and monitor, on a global scale, the concentrations of macromolecules that determine phytoplankton energy value, would be invaluable. Reported here are the first estimates of carbohydrate, protein, lipid, and overall energy value of phytoplankton in the world oceans, using ocean-colour data from satellites. The estimates are based on a novel bio-optical method that utilises satellite-derived bio-optical fingerprints of living phytoplankton combined with allometric relationships between phytoplankton cells and cellular macromolecular contents...
February 12, 2018: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433593/education-practical-training-and-professional-development-for-public-health-practitioners-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-and-insights-for-sustainable-food-system-capacity-building
#9
Jessica Wegener, Debbie Fong, Cecilia Rocha
OBJECTIVE: Noting the upstream positioning of sustainable food systems (SFS) to multiple global crises, the present review described examples of emerging and promising practices to support SFS-oriented education, practical training (PT) and continuing professional development (CPD) among trainees and public health practitioners (PHP). A secondary objective was to compile the evidence into practical considerations for educators, supervising practitioners and professional associations. DESIGN: A scoping review of the literature published between 2007 and 2017 was conducted in May 2017 using four databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus and HSSA, along with bibliography hand-searching and expert consultation...
February 13, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432321/evaluation-of-intramedullary-fixation-for-pediatric-femoral-shaft-fractures-in-developing-countries
#10
Andrew T Chen, William Z Morris, Lewis G Zirkle, Raymond W Liu
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical results following treatment of pediatric femoral shaft fractures with the SIGN Fracture Care International (SIGN) pediatric and standard fin nails. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data SETTING:: Sixteen global SIGN centers from 2003-2013 PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: One hundred and twelve pediatric patients who sustained a diaphyseal pediatric femoral shaft fracture INTERVENTION:: Intramedullary fixation with the standard or pediatric SIGN nail MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:: Main outcome measurements include clinical and radiographic healing and postoperative complications RESULTS:: The mean age of the pediatric fin patients was 9...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426325/a-research-utilisation-framework-for-informing-global-health-and-development-policies-and-programmes
#11
Christine Kim, Rose Wilcher, Tricia Petruney, Kirsten Krueger, Leigh Wynne, Trinity Zan
A shift in the culture and practice of health and development research is required to maximise the real-world use of evidence by non-academic or non-research-oriented audiences. Many frameworks have been developed to guide and measure the research utilisation process, yet none have been widely applied. Some frameworks are simplified to an unrealistic linear representation while others are rendered overly complex and unusable in an attempt to capture all aspects of the research utilisation process. Additionally, many research utilisation frameworks have focused on the policy development process or within a clinical setting, with less application of the translation process at the programme level...
February 9, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426207/towards-sustainable-and-multifunctional-agriculture-in-farmland-landscapes-lessons-from-the-integrative-approach-of-a-french-ltser-platform
#12
Vincent Bretagnolle, Elsa Berthet, Nicolas Gross, Bertrand Gauffre, Christine Plumejeaud, Sylvie Houte, Isabelle Badenhausser, Karine Monceau, Fabrice Allier, Pascal Monestiez, Sabrina Gaba
Agriculture is currently facing unprecedented challenges: ensuring food, fiber and energy production in the face of global change, maintaining the economic performance of farmers and preserving natural resources such as biodiversity and associated key ecosystem services for sustainable agriculture. Addressing these challenges requires innovative landscape scale farming systems that account for changing economic and environmental targets. These novel agricultural systems need to be recognized, accepted and promoted by all stakeholders, including local residents, and supported by public policies...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423178/gap-between-contact-and-content-in-maternal-and-newborn-care-an-analysis-of-data-from-20-countries-in-sub-saharan-africa
#13
Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Agbessi Amouzou, Vrinda Mehra, Meng Ziqi, Nabila Zaka, Holly Newby
Background: Over the last decade, coverage of maternal and newborn health indicators used for global monitoring and reporting have increased substantially but reductions in maternal and neonatal mortality have remained slow. This has led to an increased recognition and concern that these standard globally agreed upon measures of antenatal care (ANC), skilled birth attendance (SBA) and postnatal care (PNC) only capture the level of contacts with the health system and provide little indication of actual content of services received by mothers and their newborns...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422048/tools-for-surveillance-of-anti-malarial-drug-resistance-an-assessment-of-the-current-landscape
#14
REVIEW
Christian Nsanzabana, Djibrine Djalle, Philippe J Guérin, Didier Ménard, Iveth J González
To limit the spread and impact of anti-malarial drug resistance and react accordingly, surveillance systems able to detect and track in real-time its emergence and spread need to be strengthened or in some places established. Currently, surveillance of anti-malarial drug resistance is done by any of three approaches: (1) in vivo studies to assess the efficacy of drugs in patients; (2) in vitro/ex vivo studies to evaluate parasite susceptibility to the drugs; and/or (3) molecular assays to detect validated gene mutations and/or gene copy number changes that are associated with drug resistance...
February 8, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420393/implementing-innovations-in-global-women-s-children-s-and-adolescents-health-realizing-the-potential-for-implementation-science
#15
Herbert B Peterson, Joumana Haidar, Dean Fixsen, Rohit Ramaswamy, Bryan J Weiner, Sheila Leatherman
The launch of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the new Secretary General's Global Strategy for Women's, Children's, and Adolescents' Health are a window of opportunity for improving the health and well-being of women, children, and adolescents in the United States and around the world. Realizing the full potential of this historic moment will require that we improve our ability to successfully implement life-saving and life-enhancing innovations, particularly in low-resource settings. Implementation science, a new and rapidly evolving field that addresses the "how-to" component of providing sustainable quality services at scale, can make an important contribution on this front...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416943/understanding-value-in-health-data-ecosystems-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-ways-forward
#16
Marjanovic Sonja, Ghiga Ioana, Yang Miaoqing, Knack Anna
The potential of health data to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of health research and development, healthcare delivery, and health systems more widely is substantial. There are many initiatives across the EU that are experimenting with ways to capture value and address the nexus of technical, legal, ethics-related, governance and data protection-related, and cultural challenges to delivering potential benefits for society and the economy. The field of health data research and policy is highly dynamic and there is a need for further reflection, thematic learning and evaluation to better understand how to create and connect receptive places, to inform future interventions and to identify transferable lessons...
January 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416187/how-to-be-modern-the-social-negotiation-of-good-food-in-contemporary-china
#17
Joy Y Zhang
Developing safe and sustainable food production for its population has been central to China's 'Modernisation Project'. Yet recent fieldwork in three Chinese cities suggests that there are two conflicting views on what a 'modern' agriculture should look like. For the government, modernisation implies a rational calculation of scale and a mirroring of global trends. But an alternative interpretation of modernity, promoted by civil society, has been gaining ground. For this camp, good food production is then established through a 'rhizomic' spread of new practices, which are inspired by world possibilities but are deeply rooted in the local context...
February 2018: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415740/guidelines-for-responsible-short-term-global-health-activities-developing-common-principles
#18
Judith N Lasker, Myron Aldrink, Ramaswami Balasubramaniam, Paul Caldron, Bruce Compton, Jessica Evert, Lawrence C Loh, Shailendra Prasad, Shira Siegel
BACKGROUND: Growing concerns about the value and effectiveness of short-term volunteer trips intending to improve health in underserved Global South communities has driven the development of guidelines by multiple organizations and individuals. These are intended to mitigate potential harms and maximize benefits associated with such efforts. METHOD: This paper analyzes 27 guidelines derived from a scoping review of the literature available in early 2017, describing their authorship, intended audiences, the aspects of short term medical missions (STMMs) they address, and their attention to guideline implementation...
February 7, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415240/the-financing-gaps-framework-using-need-potential-spending-and-expected-spending-to-allocate-development-assistance-for-health
#19
Annie Haakenstad, Tara Templin, Stephen Lim, Jesse B Bump, Joseph Dieleman
As growth in development assistance for health levels off, development assistance partners must make allocation decisions within tighter budget constraints. Furthermore, with the advent of comprehensive and comparable burden of disease and health financing estimates, empirical evidence can increasingly be used to direct funding to those most in need. In our 'financing gaps framework', we propose a new approach for harnessing information to make decisions about health aid. The framework was designed to be forward-looking, goal-oriented, versatile and customizable to a range of organizational contexts and health aims...
February 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414424/international-voluntary-health-networks-ivhns-a-social-geographical-framework
#20
Benet Reid, Nina Laurie, Matt Baillie Smith
Trans-national medicine, historically associated with colonial politics, is now central to discourses of global health and development, thrust into mainstream media by catastrophic events (earthquakes, disease epidemics), and enshrined in the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals. Volunteer human-resource is an important contributor to international health-development work. International Voluntary Health Networks (IVHNs, that connect richer and poorer countries through healthcare) are situated at a meeting-point between geographies and sociologies of health...
February 1, 2018: Health & Place
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