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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938103/let-s-talk-about-sex-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-experiences-of-hiv-nurses-when-discussing-sexual-risk-behaviours-with-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
S de Munnik, C den Daas, H S M Ammerlaan, G Kok, M S Raethke, S C J M Vervoort
BACKGROUND: Despite prevention efforts, the incidence of sexually transmitted infection among HIV-positive men who have sex with men remains high, which is indicative of unchanged sexual risk behaviour. Discussing sexual risk behaviour has been shown to help prevent sexually transmitted infections among HIV-positive men who have sex with men. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify factors that influence whether - and how - specialised HIV nurses discuss sexual risk behaviour with HIV-positive men who have sex with men...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934370/the-risk-of-sustained-sexual-transmission-of-zika-is-underestimated
#2
Antoine Allard, Benjamin M Althouse, Laurent Hébert-Dufresne, Samuel V Scarpino
Pathogens often follow more than one transmission route during outbreaks-from needle sharing plus sexual transmission of HIV to small droplet aerosol plus fomite transmission of influenza. Thus, controlling an infectious disease outbreak often requires characterizing the risk associated with multiple mechanisms of transmission. For example, during the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, weighing the relative importance of funeral versus health care worker transmission was essential to stopping disease spread...
September 21, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933935/a-smartphone-application-to-reduce-time-to-notification-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#3
Adam Carl Cohen, Frederick Zimmerman, Michael Prelip, Deborah Glik
OBJECTIVES: To measure whether the implementation of Healthvana-an online patient engagement platform and smartphone application-reduced the number of days between sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing, notification, and treatment at AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF) Wellness Centers. METHODS: We analyzed the retrospective data for 917 male clients who tested positive and received treatment for chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933870/the-role-of-young-adult-social-bonds-substance-problems-and-sexual-risk-in-pathways-between-adolescent-substance-use-and-midlife-risky-sexual-behavior-among-urban-african-americans
#4
Katarzyna A Zebrak, Kerry M Green
African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections relative to other racial groups. Although substance use has been linked to risky sexual behavior, the understanding of how these associations develop over the life course remains limited, particularly the role of social bonds. This study uses structural equation modeling to examine pathways from adolescent substance use to young adult sexual risk, substance problems, and social bonds and then to midlife risky sexual behavior among African American men and women, controlling for childhood confounders...
September 21, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932707/neisseria-gonorrhoeae-challenge-increases-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-expression-in-fallopian-tube-explants
#5
Natalia E Juica, Paula I Rodas, Paula Solar, Paula Borda, Renato Vargas, Cristobal Muñoz, Rodolfo Paredes, Myron Christodoulides, Luis A Velasquez
Background:Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ngo) is the etiological agent of gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted infection that initially infects the female lower genital tract. In untreated women, the bacteria can ascend to the upper genital reproductive tract and infect the fallopian tube (FTs), which is associated with salpingitis and can lead to impaired FT function and infertility. The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in cell migration and differentiation in the female genital tract, and some pathogens modify the ECM to establish successful infections...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930604/therapeutic-startegies-for-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-associated-cancers
#6
Alok Chandra Bharti, Tejveer Singh, Anjali Bhat, Deepti Pande, Mohit Jadli
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is linked to development of cancer of cervix, vagina, vulva, penis, ano-genital and non-genital oro-pharyngeal sites. HPV being a sexually transmitted virus infects both genders equally but with higher chances of pathological outcome in women. In the absence of organized screening programs, women report HPV-infected lesions at relatively advanced stages where they are subjected to standard treatments that are not HPV-specific. HPV infection-driven lesions usually take 10-20 years for malignant progression and are preceded by well-characterized pre-cancer stages...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930567/molecular-mechanisms-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-resistance-to-antimicrobial-drugs
#7
Tomislav Mestrovic, Suncanica Ljubin-Sternak
Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) is a leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections in developed and undeveloped countries, and therefore a global public health issue. In an era of increasing bacterial resistance to antibiotics, resistance has been an exceedingly rare phenomenon in C. trachomatis; however, clinical treatment failures attributed to multidrug-resistant C. trachomatis strains have been described on several occasions. Cell culture systems using McCoy cells and subsequent immunofluorescent staining are still the most common methodology used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing, but the presence of resistance markers should be appraised by further genetic analysis...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929904/sexual-behaviours-in-the-context-of-the-ebola-virus-disease-evd-in-ghana
#8
Eric Y Tenkorang
Evidence suggests that Ebola virus disease can be transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, in particular through contact with the semen of an infected person. Yet few studies examine sexual behaviours in the context of Ebola. Using data collected from 460 women and 340 men within 40 selected communities in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana, this study employed hierarchical linear modelling to examine individual and community-level factors that influence willingness to engage in behaviours that protect against the sexual transmission of Ebola...
September 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929893/long-term-health-outcomes-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-peer-sexual-contact-among-an-urban-sample-of-behaviourally-bisexual-latino-men
#9
Brian Mattera, Ethan C Levine, Omar Martinez, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, José Bauermeister, M Isa Fernandez, Don Operario, Carlos Rodriguez-Diaz
While previous research indicates high rates of childhood sexual abuse among Latino men who have sex with men, few studies have examined the long-term health outcomes of childhood sexual abuse specifically among behaviourally bisexual Latino men. In a sample of 148 behaviourally bisexual Latino men in New York City, we examined associations between childhood sexual abuse and multiple dimensions of adult health: sexual risk behaviours; sexually transmitted infections incidence; polydrug use; depressive symptoms; and perceived stress...
September 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929860/adolescent-perspectives-on-patient-provider-sexual-health-communication-a-qualitative-study
#10
Andrea J Hoopes, Samantha K Benson, Heather B Howard, Diane M Morrison, Linda K Ko, Taraneh Shafii
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the United States are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. Adolescent-centered health services may reduce barriers to health care; yet, limited research has focused on adolescents' own perspectives on patient-provider communication during a sexual health visit. METHODS: Twenty-four adolescents (14-19 years old) seeking care in a public health clinic in Washington State participated in one-on-one qualitative interviews...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927766/vulvovaginitis-presentation-of-more-common-problems-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-gynecology
#11
REVIEW
Meredith Loveless, Ohmar Myint
Vulvovaginitis is one of the most common gynecological complaints presenting in the pediatric and adolescent female. The common causes of vulvovaginitis in the pediatric patient differ than that considered in adolescent females. When a child present with vulvar itching, burning and irritation the most common etiology is non-specific and hygiene measures are recommended. However these symptoms can mimic more serious etiologies including infection, labial adhesion, lichen sclerosis, pinworms and foreign body must be considered...
September 5, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927341/perceived-need-of-and-interest-in-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-three-sexual-health-clinics-in-london-uk
#12
Lauren Bull, Pavle Dimitrijevic, Sophie Beverley, Alex Scarborough, Sundhiya Mandalia, Olamide Dosekun, Tristan Barber, Iain Reeves, Sheena McCormack, Michael Rayment
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has proven efficacy in reducing the risk of HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM), but has not yet been commissioned in the UK. The aim of this study was to investigate perceived need and benefit (or experience of) PrEP among HIV-negative MSM attending sexual health clinics. HIV-negative MSM attending three sexual health centres in London, UK were opportunistically invited to complete a questionnaire. Data collected comprised demographic data and sexual and drug use behaviours as well as questions regarding perceptions of risk and need for PrEP...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926403/pathways-from-sexual-stigma-to-incident-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-nigerian-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#13
Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Rebecca G Nowak, Rashelle Musci, Danielle German, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Blessing Kayode, Hongjie Liu, Oye Gureje, Trevor A Crowell, Stefan Baral, Man Charurat
OBJECTIVES: Sexual stigma affecting men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria may be an important driver of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but potential mechanisms through which this occurs are not well understood. This study assessed the contributions of suicidal ideation and sexual risk behaviors to causal pathways between stigma and HIV/STIs. DESIGN: Data were collected from the TRUST/RV368 Study, a prospective cohort of 1,480 MSM from Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922959/compliance-to-the-primary-health-care-treatment-guidelines-and-the-essential-medicines-list-in-the-management-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-correctional-centres-in-south-africa-findings-and-implications
#14
Tammy B Matsitse, Elvera Helberg, Johanna C Meyer, Brian Godman, Amos Massele, Natalie Schellack
BACKGROUND: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global concern and a growing health crisis. Additionally, evidence has shown that non-compliance to treatment guidelines, especially in the management of communicable diseases such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), has the potential of further enhancing AMR rates. Data on the extent of these challenges in Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities in correctional centres in South Africa (SA) is limited. Hence this study was conducted to determine the level of compliance with the 2008 PHC Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Medicines List (PHC STGs/EML) in the management of STIs, and to identify potential factors contributing to the compliance and non-compliance to guide future strategies...
September 19, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922821/individual-traveller-health-priorities-and-the-pre-travel-health-consultation
#15
Gerard T Flaherty, Bingling Chen, Gloria Avalos
The purpose of this study was to examine the principal travel health priorities of travellers. The most frequently selected travel health concerns were accessing medical care abroad, dying abroad, insect bites, malaria, personal safety and travel security threats. The travel health risks of least concern were culture shock, fear of flying, jet lag and sexually transmitted infections. This study is the first to develop a hierarchy of self-declared travel health risk priorities among travellers.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921726/chlamydia-trachomatis-regulates-innate-immune-barrier-integrity-and-mediates-cytokine-and-antimicrobial-responses-in-human-uterine-ecc-1-epithelial-cells
#16
Lucy Rudo Mukura, Danica K Hickey, Marta Rodriguez-Garcia, John V Fahey, Charles R Wira
PROBLEM: Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection worldwide and known to increase the risk for HIV acquisition. Few studies have investigated how infection of epithelial cells compromises barrier integrity and antimicrobial response. METHOD OF STUDY: ECC-1 cells, a human uterine epithelial cell line, were treated with live and heat-killed C. trachomatis. Epithelial barrier integrity measured as transepithelial resistance (TER), chemokines antimicrobial levels, and antimicrobial mRNA expression was measured by ELISA and Real-time RT-PCR...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920768/sexually-transmitted-infections-compelling-case-for-an-improved-screening-strategy
#17
Stephen Hull, Seán Kelley, Janice L Clarke
Sexually Transmitted Infections: Compelling Case for an Improved Screening Strategy Stephen Hull, MHS, Seán Kelley, MD, MSc, and Janice L. Clarke, RN, BBA Editorial: Sexually Transmitted Infections-A Fixable Problem: David B. Nash, MD, MBA   S-3 Introduction   S-3 Rising Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STIs)   S-4 Current Screening Rates for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea   S-4 The Human Toll and Economic Burden of STI-Related Illness   S-5 Current Screening Guidelines for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea   S-5 Factors Contributing to Inadequate Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment for STIs   S-6 Methods Used to Improve Screening Rates   S-7 Benefits of Opt-Out Screening Strategies for STIs   S-8 Cost-Effectiveness of Screening for STIs   S-8 Discussion   S-9 Conclusion   S-10...
September 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920542/brief-manual-based-single-session-motivational-interviewing-for-reducing-high-risk-sexual-behaviour-in-women-an-evaluation
#18
Jens Boman, Helena Lindqvist, Lars Forsberg, Urban Janlert, Gabriel Granåsen, Elisabet Nylander
The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate brief Motivational Interviewing (MI) to facilitate behaviour change in women at high risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs). One hundred and seventy-three women (mean age 24.7) at high risk of contracting STIs were randomized to a brief risk-reducing MI counselling intervention (n = 74) or assigned to the control group (n = 99). MI skill was assessed using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) Coding System...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919833/conventional-culture-versus-nucleic-acid-amplification-tests-for-screening-of-urethral-neisseria-gonorrhea-infection-among-asymptomatic-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#19
Jiratha Budkaew, Bandit Chumworathayi, Chamsai Pientong, Tipaya Ekalaksananan
BACKGROUND: Many methods are used to detect urethral Neisseria gonorrhea (NG) infection among asymptomatic men who have sex with men (MSM). The objective of this study was to define the performance of conventional culture compared to real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of asymptomatic urethral gonorrhea among MSM. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 147 clinical specimens for NG testing from asymptomatic participants were evaluated. MSM >18 years old who consented to undergo urethral swab and collection of urine samples from two clinics (one was the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) mobile clinic and the second was the antiretroviral clinic) located in Khon Kaen, Thailand, were recruited...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919639/using-a-narrative-to-spark-safer-sex-communication
#20
Lennie Donné, John Hoeks, Carel Jansen
OBJECTIVE: College students are a group at risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs). While they are generally well informed about STIs, they do not consistently use condoms. An important element in preventing STIs is safer sex communication, especially with a sexual partner. This may be difficult, however, because of a lack of experience in talking about safer sex or because of the absence of suitable role models. In this study, a narrative intervention was tested that was developed to provide receivers with a social script for safer sex communication...
October 2017: Health Education Journal
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