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Nocturnal eating disorder

Sabrina Baldofski, Patrick Lüthold, Ingmar Sperling, Anja Hilbert
Night eating syndrome (NES) is characterized by excessive evening and/or nocturnal eating episodes. Studies indicate an attentional bias towards food in other eating disorders. For NES, however, evidence of attentional food processing is lacking. Attention towards food and non-food stimuli was compared using eye-tracking in 19 participants with NES and 19 matched controls without eating disorders during a free exploration paradigm and a visual search task. In the free exploration paradigm, groups did not differ in initial fixation position or gaze duration...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
V Parisi, S Paolillo, G Rengo, R Formisano, L Petraglia, F Grieco, C D'Amore, S Dellegrottaglie, C Marciano, N Ferrara, D Leosco, P P Filardi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common in patients with heart failure (HF), contributes to the progression of cardiac disease, and is associated with adverse prognosis. Previous evidence indicates that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is independently associated with sleep apnea in obese individuals. We explored the relationship between SDB and EAT in HF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: EAT thickness was assessed by echocardiography in 66 patients with systolic HF undergoing nocturnal cardiorespiratory monitoring...
February 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Rhonda F Brown, Einar B Thorsteinsson, Michael Smithson, C Laird Birmingham, Hessah Aljarallah, Christopher Nolan
PURPOSE: Overweight/obesity, sleep disturbance, night eating, and a sedentary lifestyle are common co-occurring problems. There is a tendency for them to co-occur together more often than they occur alone. In some cases, there is clarity as to the time course and evolution of the phenomena. However, specific mechanism(s) that are proposed to explain a single co-occurrence cannot fully explain the more generalized tendency to develop concurrent symptoms and/or disorders after developing one of the phenomena...
December 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Vijayabharathi Ekambaram, Kiran Maski
Parasomnia is a common pediatric sleep disorder that can cause parents or caregivers distress when experienced by their children. Based on the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, parasomnias can be divided into two subgroups: non-rapid eye movement (NREM) parasomnias and rapid eye movement (REM) parasomnias. REM sleep parasomnias include nightmares, REM behavior disorder, and sleep paralysis, whereas NREM sleep parasomnias include disorders of arousal such as confusional arousals, sleepwalking, sleep talking, night terrors, and sleep-related eating disorder...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
Muna Irfan, Carlos H Schenck, Michael J Howell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the spectrum of non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep parasomnias, including sleepwalking, confusional arousals, and sleep terrors, which represent the range of phenotypic disorders of arousal from non-REM sleep that occurs in children and adults. RECENT FINDINGS: The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition (ICSD-3) classifies parasomnias according to the sleep stage they emerge from: REM, non-REM, or other...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Makoto Kageyama, Keiichi Odagiri, Isagi Mizuta, Makoto Yamamoto, Keiko Yamaga, Takako Hirano, Kazue Onoue, Akihiko Uehara
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances are related to somatic and mental disorders, industrial accidents, absenteeism, and retirement because of disability. We aimed to identify health-related behaviors associated with subjective sleep insufficiency in Japanese workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 5,297 employees (mean age: 43.6±11.3 years; 4,039 men). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify health-related behaviors associated with subjective sleep insufficiency...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
F Cheynet
The study of the relationship between temporomandibular joints (TMJ), mastication and ventilation and the involvement of these two functions in the genesis of primary Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) and in some dentofacial deformities, was initiated in France, more than 30years, by Professor Raymond Gola. Once criticized the weakness of the scientific literature in this domain, the originality of the TMJ within the masticatory system is recalled with its huge adaptation potential to very different biomechanical constraints according to the age and masticatory activities during the day...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Michael H Smolensky, Ramon C Hermida, Alain Reinberg, Linda Sackett-Lundeen, Francesco Portaluppi
Biological processes are organized in time as innate rhythms defined by the period (τ), phase (peak [Φ] and trough time), amplitude (A, peak-trough difference) and mean level. The human time structure in its entirety is comprised of ultradian (τ < 20 h), circadian (20 h > τ < 28 h) and infradian (τ > 28 h) bioperiodicities. The circadian time structure (CTS) of human beings, which is more complicated than in lower animals, is orchestrated and staged by a brain central multioscillator system that includes a prominent pacemaker - the suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus...
2016: Chronobiology International
Danila Del Rio, Paula Stucchi, Francisco Hernández-Nuño, Victoria Cano, Lidia Morales, Julie A Chowen, Nuria Del Olmo, Mariano Ruiz-Gayo
PURPOSE: Our aim was to characterize the effect of an unfamiliar high-fat diet (HFD) on circadian feeding behaviour, plasma parameters, body weight (BW), and gene expression in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of adolescent male mice. To this end, mice were allowed to consume a HFD during 48 h, but one group was allowed a free choice of HFD or normal chow (FC-HFD), while the other was restricted to a non-optional unfamiliar HFD feeding (NOP-HFD). METHODS: Energy intake was monitored at 6-h intervals during 48 h...
August 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
Güzin M Sevinçer, Kelly C Allison
Night eating syndrome (NES) represents a circadian delay in the pattern of eating. As there are genetic links for other eating- and circadian-based disorders, it is likely that there is a genetic basis for NES as well. We present a family case study of three identified patients and their extensive family history of NES and co-morbid mood disorders. This case report suggested that NES may have a heritable feature, particularly nocturnal ingestions. Of the seven identified cases, four had co-morbid mood disorders, and all descended from a couple with bipolar disorder and delusional disorder...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Sara Marconi, Fabiano Scarlatti, Giovanni Rizzo, Elena Antelmi, Marco Innamorati, Maurizio Pompili, Roberto Brugnoli, Martino Belvederi Murri, Mario Amore, Federica Provini
The purpose of the study was to evaluate psychological comorbidity in drug-naive or drug-free primary restless legs syndrome (p-RLS) patients with nocturnal eating disorder (NED), and to analyze the association of comorbid p-RLS and NED with obsessive-compulsive, mood and anxiety symptoms, and personality. Participants comprised 20 consecutive female outpatients with p-RLS, 10 without NED and 10 with NED, and 10 female controls matched for age. Both patients and controls were evaluated by the Hamilton Depression and the Anxiety Rating Scales, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory and the temperament and character inventory-revised...
November 2015: Journal of Neural Transmission
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Amy Roberts, Ari Shechter, Arindam Roy Choudhury
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep restriction alters food intake, but less is known about how dietary patterns affect sleep. Current goals were to determine whether: (1) sleep is different after consumption of a controlled diet vs. an ad libitum diet, and (2) dietary intake during ad libitum feeding is related to nocturnal sleep. METHODS: Twenty-six normal weight adults (30-45 y), habitually sleeping 7-9 h/night, participated in a randomized-crossover inpatient study with 2 phases of 5 nights: short (4 h in bed) or habitual (9 h in bed) sleep...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Catharina Wagner, Monika Equit, Justine Niemczyk, Alexander von Gontard
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyze the prevalence of eating problems and specific associations between overweight, obesity, and eating behavior in children with incontinence. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-three consecutively presented children with incontinence, diagnosed to International Children's Continence Society standards, and 44 matched continent controls were examined prospectively. All children received a physical examination, sonography, and a one-dimensional intelligence test...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
James A Horne
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep shares many underlying mechanisms with wakefulness, to a much greater extent than does non-REM, especially those relating to feeding behaviours, appetite, curiosity, exploratory (locomotor) activities, as well as aspects of emotions, particularly 'fear extinction'. REM is most evident in infancy, thereafter declining in what seems to be a dispensable manner that largely reciprocates increasing wakefulness. However, human adults retain more REM than do other mammals, where for us it is most abundant during our usual final REM period (fREMP) of the night, nearing wakefulness...
August 2015: Sleep Medicine
BoŻena Eberdt-Gołąbek, Krystyna Zmysłowska, MaŁgorzata Słowik, Dominika Gładysz, Kamil K Hozyasz
UNLABELLED: Primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) is the most frequent (85%) type of enuresis in children. It remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to establish its etiology and implement a proper treatment. AIM: The aim of the study was to establish the causes of PMNE in children on the basis of own investigations and assess factors having influence over PMNE etiology, which would enable the choice of effective therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study concerned 85 children with PMNE aged from 5 to 15 years...
April 2015: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Piergiuseppe Vinai, Raffaele Ferri, Matteo Anelli, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Marco Zucconi, Alessandro Oldani, Mauro Manconi
OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal eating behavior is shared by patients affected by a parasomnia, sleep-related eating disorder (SRED), and several eating disorders such as night eating syndrome (NES) and binge-eating disorder (BED); however, the differential clinical features of these patients have been poorly studied, with persisting difficulties in defining the borders between these pathologies. The aim of this study was to evaluate polysomnographic and personality characteristics of nocturnal eaters to further differentiate the syndromes...
June 2015: Sleep Medicine
Suat Kucukgoncu, Margaretta Midura, Cenk Tek
Night Eating Syndrome (NES) is a unique disorder characterized by a delayed pattern of food intake in which recurrent episodes of nocturnal eating and/or excessive food consumption occur after the evening meal. NES is a clinically important disorder due to its relationship to obesity, its association with other psychiatric disorders, and problems concerning sleep. However, NES often goes unrecognized by both health professionals and patients. The lack of knowledge regarding NES in clinical settings may lead to inadequate diagnoses and inappropriate treatment approaches...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Sloane Madden, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Simon Clarke, Stephen Touyz, Phillipa Hay, Michael R Kohn
BACKGROUND: The impact of severe malnutrition and medical instability in adolescent Anorexia Nervosa (AN) on immediate health and long-term development underscores the need for safe and efficient methods of refeeding. Current refeeding guidelines in AN advocate low initial caloric intake with slow increases in energy intake to avoid refeeding syndrome. This study demonstrates the potential for more rapid refeeding to promote initial weight recovery and correct medical instability in adolescent AN...
2015: Journal of Eating Disorders
Piergiuseppe Vinai, Federica Provini, Elena Antelmi, Marco Marcatelli, Silvia Cardetti, Luisa Vinai, Paolo Vinai, Cecilia Bruno, Maurizio Speciale, Kelly C Allison
OBJECTIVE: Patients affected by Night Eating Syndrome (NES) complain of insomnia, mood, anxiety and overeating, which have all been linked to difficulties in dealing with emotions, but no research has examined the levels of alexithymia among NES patients. We compared the levels of alexithymia among samples of: NES patients, insomniac patients who do not eat at night, and a control group. METHOD: The study included 153 participants: 34 with NES, 47 with insomnia, and 72 in the control group...
April 2015: Eating Behaviors
Alexander von Gontard, Justine Niemczyk, Sigrid Thomé-Granz, Judith Nowack, Anne-Michaela Moritz, Monika Equit
BACKGROUND: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and incontinence are common disorders of childhood. We have examined associations between ODD symptoms and incontinence in a representative sample of young children. METHODS: A questionnaire with seven questions referring to incontinence, eight DSM-IV items of ODD, 15 items of the Home Situations Questionnaire and six items regarding eating, drinking or toileting refusal was administered to the parents of 718 children at school-entry from a defined geographical area at school-entry...
July 2015: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
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