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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149780/interleukin-37-relieves-allergic-inflammation-in-a-house-dust-mite-allergic-rhinitis-murine-model
#1
Do Hyun Kim, Si Won Kim, Soo Whan Kim, Jun-Myung Kang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of interleukin-37 (IL-37) on a Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f)-induced murine model of allergic rhinitis (AR). BALB/c mice, except the control groups, were sensitized intraperitoneally and challenged intranasally with Der f (Der f group). The IL-37 and IL-37+anti-CD25 groups were administered IL-37 intranasally. The IL-37+anti-CD25 groups were administered anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody intraperitoneally before challenge. Allergic symptoms and the average eosinophil number were counted...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149779/increased-genes-expression-levels-of-cytokines-related-to-th17-treg-cells-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cell-correlate-with-clinical-severity-in-copd-and-mustard-gas-exposed-patients
#2
Parisa Farahani, Raheleh Halabian, Ensieh Vahedi, Jafar Salimian
The long lasting inflammation and immune dysregulation is one of the main mechanisms involved in lung complication of veterans exposed to sulfur mustard (SM) gas. Th17/Treg cells have an important role in immunopathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and mustard lung disease. In this study, expression of cytokines genes levels related to Th17/Treg cells was determined in peripheral blood mononuclear (PBMC) of mustard lung patients and was compared with COPD patients and healthy controls (HC)...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149775/lentiviral-vectors-and-adeno-associated-virus-vectors-useful-tools-for-gene-transfer-in-pain-research
#3
REVIEW
Zheng Chen-Xi, Wang Sheng-Ming, Bai Yun-Hu, Luo Ting-Ting, Wang Jia-Qi, Dai Chun-Qiu, Guo Bao-Lin, Luo Shi-Cheng, Wang Dong-Hui, Yang Yan-Ling, Wang Ya-Yun
Pain, especially chronic pain, has always been a heated point in both basic and clinical researches since it puts heavy burdens on both individuals and the whole society. A better understanding of the role of biological molecules and various ionic channels involved in pain can shed light on the mechanism under pain and advocate the development of pain management. Using viral vectors to transfer specific genes at targeted sites is a promising method for both research and clinical applications. Lentiviral vectors and adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors which allow stable and long-term expression of transgene in non-dividing cells are widely applied in pain research...
November 17, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149705/toll-like-receptor-4-deficiency-increases-resistance-in-sepsis-induced-immune-dysfunction
#4
Chao Cao, Yanfen Chai, Songtao Shou, Jun Wang, Ying Huang, Tao Ma
Sepsis constitutes a serious life-threatening syndrome associated with complications of deregulated inflammatory response against endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated severe infection. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays a critical role in the activation of innate immunity through recognition of LPS. However, the impact of TLR4 signaling on the development of sepsis-induced immune dysfunction remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TLR4 on regulatory T cells (Tregs) and its potential mechanism...
November 14, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149703/quercetin-attenuates-collagen-induced-arthritis-by-restoration-of-th17-treg-balance-and-activation-of-heme-oxygenase-1-mediated-anti-inflammatory-effect
#5
Yan Yang, Xu Zhang, Min Xu, Xin Wu, Feipeng Zhao, Chengzhi Zhao
Quercetin (QU) has been shown obvious anti-arthritic property in pre-clinical studies or clinical studies. Howbeit, the underlying mechanism of it is still not revealed distinctly and should be gotten further insight into. QU at a dosage of 150 mg/kg was administered orally in collagen-induced arthritis rats and then the clinical symptoms were monitored. The protein levels of Th17/Treg-related cytokines were determined by ELISA, and the mRNA levels of cytokines and transcription factors associated with the Th17 and Treg phenotypes were evaluated by real-time PCR, the proportions of Th17 and Treg cells were assessed by flow cytometry...
November 14, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149696/clearance-of-plasmin-pn-1-complexes-by-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-in-human-aneurysm-of-the-ascending-aorta
#6
Kamel Boukais, Luciano F Borges, Laurence Venisse, Ziad Touat, Déborah François, Véronique Arocas, Guillaume Jondeau, Paul Declerck, Marie-Christine Bouton, Jean-Baptiste Michel
Plasminogen is a circulating zymogen which enters the arterial wall by radial, transmural hydraulic conductance, where it is converted to plasmin by tissue plasminogen activator t-PA on an activation platform involving S100A4 on the vascular smooth muscle cell (vSMC) membrane. Plasmin is involved in the progression of human thoracic aneurysm of the ascending aorta (TAA). vSMCs protect the TAA wall from plasmin-induced proteolytic injury by expressing high levels of antiproteases. Protease nexin-1 (PN-1) is a tissue antiprotease belonging to the serpin superfamily, expressed in the vascular wall, and is able to form a covalent complex with plasmin...
October 24, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149694/a-high-brightness-probe-of-polymer-nanoparticles-for-biological-imaging
#7
Sirong Zhou, Jiarong Zhu, Yaping Li, Liheng Feng
Conjugated polymer nanoparticles (CPNs) with high brightness in long wavelength region were prepared by the nano-precipitation method. Based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) mechanism, the high brightness property of the CPNs was realized by four different emission polymers. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) displayed that the CPNs possessed a spherical structure and an average diameter of ~75nm. Analysis assays showed that the CPNs had excellent biocompatibility, good photostability and low cytotoxicity...
November 11, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149681/mechanistic-insight-into-contextual-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling
#8
REVIEW
Ying E Zhang
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) controls a wide range of cellular functions by activating both SMADs and non-SMAD pathways. In different tissue or physiological environment, cellular responses to TGF-β can be diverse, even opposite. Complex regulations at the level of ligand mobilization, receptor presentation, and the network of intracellular signal transducers afford the TGF-β pathway with versatile means to induce precise cellular responses in accordance to specific contextual demands. This article summarizes recent development in how cells manage their responses to TGF-β through ligand activation, receptor abundance, as well as SMAD-dependent and SMAD-independent mechanisms...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149667/tumor-acidosis-and-hypoxia-differently-modulate-the-inflammatory-program-measurements-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#9
Anne Riemann, Sarah Reime, Oliver Thews
Inflammatory mediators produced by the tumor cells are of importance for immune response but also for malignant progression. The aim of the study was to analyze the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α, inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2, and osteopontin in vitro in two different tumor cell lines under hypoxia (pO2≈1.5 mmHg) and/or acidosis (pH=6.6) for up to 24 hours since hypoxia and acidosis are common characteristics of solid tumors...
November 14, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149664/copper-phospholipid-interaction-at-cell-membrane-model-hydrophobic-surfaces
#10
Marina Mlakar, Vlado Cuculić, Sanja Frka, Blaženka Gašparović
Detailed investigation of Cu (II) binding with natural lipid phosphatidylglycerol (PG) in aqueous solution was carried out by voltammetric measurements at the mercury drop electrode, complemented by monolayer studies in a Langmuir trough and electrophoretic measurements, all used as models for hydrophobic cell membranes. Penetration of copper ions into the PG layer was facilitated by the formation of hydrophilic Cu-Phenanthroline (Phen) complex in the subphase, followed by the mixed ligand Cu-Phen-PG complex formation at the hydrophobic interface...
November 11, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149642/oxidative-stress-cell-cycle-arrest-dna-damage-and-apoptosis-in-adult-zebrafish-danio-rerio-induced-by-tris-1-3-dichloro-2-propyl-phosphate
#11
Hanyan Chen, Pingping Wang, Zhongkun Du, Guowei Wang, Shixiang Gao
Tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate (TDCPP) is an additive flame retardant of high production volume, and frequently detected in biota and environment. However, knowledge on its potential risk and toxicological mechanism still remains limited. In this study, DNA damage, transcriptomic responses and biochemical changes in the liver of zebrafish (Danio rerio) induced by TDCPP were investigated. Zebrafish was exposed to 45.81μg/L (1/100 (96h-LC50)) and 229.05μg/L (1/20 (96h-LC50)) TDCPP for 7 d. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) and GSH contents, in addition to antioxidant enzyme activities in the liver changed significantly, and the mRNA levels of genes related to oxidative stress were alerted in a dose-dependent and/or sex-dependent manner after exposure to TDCPP...
November 10, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149638/roles-of-n-and-c-terminal-domains-in-the-ligand-binding-properties-of-cytoglobin
#12
Shumpei Hanai, Hirofumi Tsujino, Taku Yamashita, Ryo Torii, Hitomi Sawai, Yoshitsugu Shiro, Koji Oohora, Takashi Hayashi, Tadayuki Uno
Cytoglobin (Cygb) is a member of the hexacoordinated globin protein family and is expressed ubiquitously in rat and human tissues. Although Cygb is reportedly upregulated under hypoxic conditions both in vivo and in vitro, suggesting a physiological function to protect cells under hypoxic/ischemic conditions by scavenging reactive oxygen species or by signal transduction, the mechanisms associated with this function have not been fully elucidated. Recent studies comparing Cygbs among several species suggest that mammalian Cygbs show a distinctly longer C-terminal domain potentially involved in unique physiological functions...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149622/the-chemokine-receptor-type-4-antagonist-amd3100-interrupts-experimental-tooth-movement-in-rats
#13
Kasumi Hatano, Yuji Ishida, Hiroyuki Yamaguchi, Jun Hosomichi, Jun-Ichi Suzuki, Risa Usumi-Fujita, Yasuhiro Shimizu, Naoki Shibutani, Sawa Kaneko, Takashi Ono
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the role of the stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) axis in osteoclast accumulation, and the influence of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) under mechanical force application to periodontal tissues, by administration of the CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100. DESIGN: The upper right first molar (M1) of rats was moved mesially with a 10-g force titanium-nickel closed coil spring. Rats were treated with phosphate-buffered saline or AMD3100 (5mg/kg), which is a SDF-1 antagonist...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149600/repair-of-uv-induced-dna-damage-independent-of-nucleotide-excision-repair-is-masked-by-mutyh
#14
Abdelghani Mazouzi, Federica Battistini, Sarah C Moser, Joana Ferreira da Silva, Marc Wiedner, Michel Owusu, Charles-Hugues Lardeau, Anna Ringler, Beatrix Weil, Jürgen Neesen, Modesto Orozco, Stefan Kubicek, Joanna I Loizou
DNA lesions caused by UV damage are thought to be repaired solely by the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway in human cells. Patients carrying mutations within genes functioning in this pathway display a range of pathologies, including an increased susceptibility to cancer, premature aging, and neurological defects. There are currently no curative therapies available. Here we performed a high-throughput chemical screen for agents that could alleviate the cellular sensitivity of NER-deficient cells to UV-induced DNA damage...
November 16, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149598/harnessing-bet-inhibitor-sensitivity-reveals-amigo2-as-a-melanoma-survival-gene
#15
Barbara Fontanals-Cirera, Dan Hasson, Chiara Vardabasso, Raffaella Di Micco, Praveen Agrawal, Asif Chowdhury, Madeleine Gantz, Ana de Pablos-Aragoneses, Ari Morgenstern, Pamela Wu, Dan Filipescu, David Valle-Garcia, Farbod Darvishian, Jae-Seok Roe, Michael A Davies, Christopher R Vakoc, Eva Hernando, Emily Bernstein
Bromodomain and extraterminal domain inhibitors (BETi) represent promising therapeutic agents for metastatic melanoma, yet their mechanism of action remains unclear. Here we interrogated the transcriptional effects of BETi and identified AMIGO2, a transmembrane molecule, as a BET target gene essential for melanoma cell survival. AMIGO2 is upregulated in melanoma cells and tissues compared to human melanocytes and nevi, and AMIGO2 silencing in melanoma cells induces G1/S arrest followed by apoptosis. We identified the pseudokinase PTK7 as an AMIGO2 interactor whose function is regulated by AMIGO2...
November 16, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149522/melatonin-improves-the-meiotic-maturation-of-porcine-oocytes-by-reducing-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-during-in-vitro-maturation
#16
Hyo-Jin Park, Jae-Young Park, Jin-Woo Kim, Seul-Gi Yang, Jae-Min Jung, Min-Ji Kim, Man-Jong Kang, Young Ho Cho, Gabbine Wee, Hee-Young Yang, Bong-Seok Song, Sun-Uk Kim, Deog-Bon Koo
Under endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress conditions, the unfolded protein response (UPR) generates a defense mechanism in mammalian cells. The regulation of UPR signaling is important in oocyte maturation, embryo development, and female reproduction of pigs. Recent studies have shown that melatonin plays an important role as an anti-oxidant to improve pig oocyte maturation. However, there is no report on the role of melatonin in the regulation of UPR signaling and ER-stress during in vitro maturation (IVM) of porcine oocytes...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149506/integrating-soft-and-hard-tissues-via-interface-tissue-engineering
#17
REVIEW
Sahishnu Patel, Jon-Michael Caldwell, Stephen B Doty, William N Levine, Scott Rodeo, Louis J Soslowsky, Stavros Thomopoulos, Helen H Lu
The enthesis, or interface between bone and soft tissues such as ligament and tendon, is prone to injury and often does not heal post-surgical intervention. Interface tissue engineering represents an integrative strategy for regenerating the native enthesis by functionally connecting soft and hard tissues and thereby improving clinical outcome. This review focuses on integrative and cell-instructive scaffold designs that target the healing of the two most commonly injured soft tissue-bone junctions: the tendon-bone interface (e...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149443/migration-of-interneuron-precursors-in-the-nascent-cerebellar-cortex
#18
Annika K Wefers, Christian Haberlandt, Lachezar Surchev, Christian Steinhäuser, Ronald Jabs, Karl Schilling
The cerebellum arguably constitutes one of the best characterized central nervous circuits, and its structure, cellular function, and histogenesis have been described in exceptional quantitative detail. A notable exception to this is the development of its inhibitory interneurons, and in particular the extensive migrations of future basket and stellate cells. Here, we used acute slices from 8-day-old mice to assess the migration of Pax2-EGFP-tagged precursors of these cells en route to the molecular layer during their transit through the nascent cerebellar cortex...
November 17, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149412/the-translationally-controlled-tumor-protein-and-the-cellular-response-to-ionizing-radiation-induced-dna-damage
#19
Jie Zhang, Grace Shim, Sonia M de Toledo, Edouard I Azzam
The absorption of ionizing radiation by living cells can directly disrupt atomic structures, producing chemical and biological changes. It can also act indirectly through radiolysis of water, thereby generating reactive chemical species that may damage nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids. Together, the direct and indirect effects of radiation initiate a series of biochemical and molecular signaling events that may repair the damage or culminate in permanent physiological changes or cell death. In efforts to gain insight into the mechanisms underlying these effects, we observed a prominent upregulation of the Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein (TCTP) in low dose/low dose rate (137)Cs γ-irradiated cells that was associated with adaptive responses that reduced chromosomal damage to a level lower than what occurs spontaneously...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149404/the-translational-controlled-tumour-protein-tctp-biological-functions-and-regulation
#20
Ulrich-Axel Bommer
The Translational Controlled Tumour Protein TCTP (gene symbol TPT1, also called P21, P23, Q23, fortilin or histamine-releasing factor, HRF) is a highly conserved protein present in essentially all eukaryotic organisms and involved in many fundamental cell biological and disease processes. It was first discovered about 35 years ago, and it took an extended period of time for its multiple functions to be revealed, and even today we do not yet fully understand all the details. Having witnessed most of this history, in this chapter, I give a brief overview and review the current knowledge on the structure, biological functions, disease involvements and cellular regulation of this protein...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
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