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Pediatric rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456343/factors-influencing-institutional-based-pediatric-rehabilitation-services-among-caregivers-of-children-with-developmental-delay-in-southwestern-rajasthan
#1
Kriti Mishra, V Siddharth
Context: A limited number of caregivers of children with developmental delay access rehabilitation facilities in India. The study explored utilization of rehabilitation services at a tertiary care setup in southwestern Rajasthan and various factors influencing it. Aims: The aim of this study is to explore rehabilitation service utilization among children with developmental delay at a tertiary care setup and to ascertain factors that influence this pattern. Settings: This study was conducted at the department of physical medicine and rehabilitation at tertiary care setup...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455220/how-do-physical-capacity-fatigue-and-performance-differ-in-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-compared-with-their-healthy-peers
#2
Akmer Mutlu, Halil Alkan, Tuzun Fırat, Aynur A Karaduman, Oznur T Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the fatigue levels and energy expenditure of children with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) at different functional levels with healthy children. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out in the Unit of Pediatric Neuromuscular Diseases in the Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Science, Hacettepe University between March 2015 and January 2016. Fifty two children diagnosed with DMD in Level I-III according to the Brooke Functional Classification Scale and 17 healthy children were included in the study...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446796/posttraumatic-headache
#3
Raquel Langdon, Sharief Taraman
After sustaining a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury, headaches are one of the most common complaints. The pathophysiologic changes that occur in the setting of injury likely contribute to or cause posttraumatic headaches. Posttraumatic headaches often present as migraine or tension-type headaches. Unlike pain from other types of injuries, headaches following mild traumatic brain injury are more likely to persist. Preexisting conditions such as migraine and mood disorders may influence posttraumatic headache and complicate management...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432115/the-pediatric-smartshoe-wearable-sensor-system-for-ambulatory-monitoring-of-physical-activity-and-gait
#4
Nagaraj Hegde, Ting Zhang, Gitendra Uswatte, Edward Taub, Joydip Barman, Staci McKay, Andrea Taylor, David M Morris, Angi Griffin, Edward S Sazonov
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of nonprogressive neuro-developmental conditions occurring in early childhood that causes movement disorders and physical disability. Measuring activity levels and gait patterns is an important aspect of CP rehabilitation programs. Traditionally, such programs utilize commercially available laboratory systems, which cannot to be utilized in community living. In this study, a novel, shoe-based, wearable sensor system (pediatric SmartShoe) was tested on 11 healthy children and 10 children with CP to validate its use for monitoring of physical activity and gait...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430147/prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-neurosurgical-cranioplasty
#5
Thara Maria Joseph, R Ravichandran, K Harshakumar, S Lylajam
The defects of the skull cause mechanical vulnerability of the brain, esthetic disfigurement, and transmission of vibrations and pulsation of the brain. Subsequent cranioplasty may be required to compensate for the defect and to alleviate various signs and symptoms. When long-term outcome of biomaterial use in pediatric cases is limited, alloplastic cranioplasty in adults are supported by several large case series. This case report narrates cranioplasty using titanium alloplastic implant material.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422151/interdisciplinary-ugandan-perspectives-on-computerized-intervention-implementation-for-child-survivors-of-severe-malaria-a-qualitative-analysis
#6
Katherine Finn, Jody Lori, Maurgan Lee, Bruno Giordani
PURPOSE: Severe malaria (SM) is the leading cause of pediatric cognitive impairment in sub-Saharan Africa. Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy (CCRT), a promising intervention for children suffering from SM related cognitive delay, targets areas impacted by the disease (memory, attention, and executive function), but has yet to be implemented for daily use. This paper explores the perspectives of Ugandan professionals regarding CCRT implementation in the academic setting of Uganda...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422094/patient-s-experiences-with-the-care-for-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-across-europe
#7
E H Pieter van Dijkhuizen, Tsipi Egert, Yona Egert, Wendy Costello, Casper Schoemaker, Marlous Fernhout, Mirjam Kepic, Alberto Martini, Silvia Scala, Ingrid Rotstein-Grein, Sebastiaan J Vastert, Nico M Wulffraat
BACKGROUND: To assess the views of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients and their parents on the care and treatment they receive in referral pediatric rheumatology centers throughout Europe. METHODS: In a collaboration between physicians and patient associations, a questionnaire was developed, covering various domains of JIA care, including demographics, diagnosis, referrals to various health care professionals, access to pain and fatigue management and support groups, information they received about the disease and awareness of and participation in research...
February 8, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403234/conscious-sedation-with-nitrous-oxide-to-control-stress-during-dental-treatment-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-an-experimental-clinical-trial
#8
Fernando M Baeder, Daniel F Silva, Ana Cl de Albuquerque, Maria Tbr Santos
Introduction: Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) often present with oral alterations that impact oral health and require dental treatment. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the use of conscious sedation with nitrous oxide (N2O) to control stress during dental treatment in individuals with CP using as parameters: Venham score (VS), heart rate (HR), and respiratory rate (RR). Materials and methods: A total of 77 CP patients >3 years of age with a mean age of 11...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395280/pediatric-cochlear-implant-soft-failure
#9
David Ulanovski, Joseph Attias, Meirav Sokolov, Tali Greenstein, Eyal Raveh
PURPOSE: Hard cochlear implant failures are diagnosed by objective tests whereas soft failures are suspected on the basis of clinical signs and symptoms. This study reviews our experience with children in tertiary pediatric medical center who underwent revision cochlear implantation, with emphasis on soft failures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children (age<18years) who underwent revision cochlear implantation from 2000 to 2012 were identified by database search. Pre- and post-explantation data were collected...
December 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394221/functional-recovery-in-critically-ill-children-the-weecover-multicenter-study
#10
Karen Choong, Douglas Fraser, Samah Al-Harbi, Asm Borham, Jill Cameron, Saoirse Cameron, Ji Cheng, Heather Clark, Tim Doherty, Nora Fayed, Jan-Willem Gorter, Margaret Herridge, Mary Khetani, Kusum Menon, Jamie Seabrook, Racquel Simpson, Lehana Thabane
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate functional outcomes and evaluate predictors of an unfavorable functional outcome in children following a critical illness. DESIGN: Prospective observational longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Two tertiary care, Canadian PICUs: McMaster Children's Hospital and London Health Sciences. PATIENTS: Children 12 months to 17 years old, admitted to PICU for at least 48 hours with one or more organ dysfunction, were eligible...
February 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388933/-the-application-of-the-modern-phototherapeutic-technologies-for-the-medical-rehabilitation-of-the-children
#11
M A Khan, А I Chubarova, I V Pogonchenkova, M A Rassulova, E Y Sergeenko, E L Vakhova, N A Lyan, N A Mikitchenko
This literature review is focused on the application of polychromatic and monochromatic polarized light for the treatment of various diseases of the childhood including those in the newborns and the premature babies. The analysis of the data of scientific research gives evidence of the beneficial effect of polychromatic polarized light on the clinical course of various skin diseases in the newborn children. Moreover, the improved immunological and reparative processes were revealed after the surgical interventions for congenital heart defects in the newborns...
December 28, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385015/the-effect-of-admission-functional-independence-on-early-recovery-in-pediatric-traumatic-and-nontraumatic-brain-injury
#12
Cherylynn Marino, Amanda Botticello, Julia H Coyne, Michael Dribbon, John DeLuca
OBJECTIVE: To examine functional independence at admission as a predictor of outcomes during an initial inpatient hospitalization for a pediatric brain injury. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 531 pediatric inpatients with traumatic (n = 298) or nontraumatic (n = 233) brain injuries. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data extracted from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation. MAIN MEASURE: The Functional Independence Measure for Children, a measure of self-care, mobility, and cognitive independence...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385013/investigating-the-model-of-community-based-case-management-in-the-new-south-wales-brain-injury-rehabilitation-program-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#13
Grahame Simpson, Virginia Mitsch, Margaret Doyle, Marcella Forman, Denise Young, Vicki Solomon, Margaret MacPherson, Lauren Gillett, Barbara Strettles
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a model of community-based case management (CM). SETTING: New South Wales (NSW) Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program (BIRP). PARTICIPANTS: All clinicians (N = 72) providing CM within 14 BIRP community rehabilitation teams. DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter study. MAIN MEASURES: A purpose-designed survey. METHODS: Participants from the 12 adult and 2 pediatric services (8 located in metropolitan areas, 6 in rural areas) completed a 3-part survey investigating their organizational context, clinical approach, and CM interventions...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379311/postoperative-discomfort-and-emergence-delirium-in-children-undergoing-dental-rehabilitation-under-general-anesthesia-comparison-of-nasal-tracheal-intubation-and-laryngeal-mask-airway
#14
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
Background: Several studies have identified side effects of general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation, such as laryngeal pain, dysphonia, and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The laryngeal mask airway (LMAw) is believed to decrease these side effects. The aim of this trial was to compare postoperative discomfort, emergence delirium, and recovery time of patients who received either an LMAw or nasotracheal intubation (NTI). Patients and methods: A total of 70 children were randomly assigned to the LMAw group (n=35) or the NTI group (n=35)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373436/factors-associated-with-pediatric-hospital-acquired-pressure-injuries
#15
Ivy Razmus
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify associations among pediatric patient characteristics (age and gender), hospital characteristics, inpatient unit characteristics (unit type, pressure injury prevention practices, and nurse staffing measures), and hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) in a group of pediatric patients and in those determined to be at risk for pressure injury. DESIGN: A descriptive, correlational analysis of data from a large dataset...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366866/international-consensus-icon-on-audiological-assessment-of-hearing-loss-in-children
#16
A Farinetti, A Raji, H Wu, B Wanna, C Vincent
The prevalence of hearing loss in newborns and infants is estimated between 1 to 3.47 cases per 1000 live births. Early diagnosis and rehabilitation of congenital hearing loss are mandatory in order to achieve a satisfactory linguistic and cognitive development. Without appropriate opportunities to learn language, these children will fall behind their normal hearing peers in communication, cognition, reading and socio-emotional development. After promising results, neonatal screening for hearing loss and audiological evaluation are becoming more extensively carried out...
January 20, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364024/clinician-modifiable-factors-associated-with-better-quality-of-life-in-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-undergoing-rehabilitation
#17
Tim Connell, Julia Paterson, Rachel M Roberts, Parimala Raghavendra, Michael Sawyer, Remo N Russo
OBJECTIVES: To identify clinician-modifiable factors related to quality of life (QOL) in children with acquired brain injury (ABI). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine children attending an ABI rehabilitation program (5-18 years) were assessed using the Personality Inventory for Children-2, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale-2, Handicap-Related Problems for Parents Inventory and Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory was completed by children and parents six months later...
January 24, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360158/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-adult-inpatients-with-malnutrition
#18
Michael T Vest, Mia A Papas, Mary Shapero, Patty McGraw, Amanda Capizzi, Claudine Jurkovitz
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of malnutrition remains controversial. Furthermore, it is unknown if physician diagnosis of malnutrition impacts outcomes. We sought to compare outcomes of patients with physician diagnosed malnutrition to patients recognized as malnourished by registered dietitians (RDs), but not physicians, and to describe the impact of each of 6 criteria on the diagnosis of malnutrition. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult patients identified as meeting criteria for malnutrition...
December 27, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357778/normal-baseline-function-is-associated-with-delayed-rehabilitation-in-critically-ill-children
#19
Shinya Miura, Beth Wieczorek, Hallie Lenker, Sapna R Kudchadkar
BACKGROUND: Early mobilization of patients in the adult intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with improved functional outcomes and shorter ICU stay. Although emerging evidence suggests that early mobilization in pediatric ICUs (PICUs) is safe and feasible, physical therapist (PT) consultation may be delayed because of perceptions that patient acuity precludes mobilization activities. Factors that influence timely involvement of PTs to facilitate acute rehabilitation in critically ill children have not been characterized...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336642/concurrent-validity-of-two-gait-performance-measures-in-children-with-neuromotor-disorders
#20
Corinne Ammann-Reiffer, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, Corina Klöti, Hubertus J A van Hedel
AIMS: To investigate the concurrent validity of two mobility performance measures, the Functional Mobility Scale (FMS) and the Gillette Functional Assessment Questionnaire - walking scale (FAQ) in an inpatient pediatric neurorehabilitation setting. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected on 71 children (mean age 12.7 years) with neuromotor gait impairments who participated in an inpatient rehabilitation program to evaluate aspects of concurrent validity of the FMS and FAQ...
January 16, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
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