keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Variable direct cost

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508348/cost-analysis-of-minimally-invasive-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervical-cancer-performed-by-a-single-surgeon-in-an-italian-center-an-update-in-gynecologic-oncological-field
#1
Antonio Pellegrino, Gianluca Raffaello Damiani, Giorgio Fachechi, Cecilia Pirovano, Maria Gaetani, Aly Youssef
The objective of this study is to perform an economic analysis and examine the influence of procedural volume of our hospital, evaluating the accounting systems of Robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) vs Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) in patients with cervical carcinoma, due to the costs widely variable and lack in literature. Costs were collected prospectively, from March 2010 to March 2016. Direct costs were determined by examining the overall medical pathway for each type of intervention. 52 patients with cervical carcinoma, which were matched by age, body mass index, tumor size, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, comorbidity, previous neoadjuvant chemotherapy, histology type, and tumor grade to obtain homogeneous samples...
May 15, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504118/direct-evidence-of-central-nervous-system-axonal-damage-in-patients-with-postoperative-delirium-a-preliminary-study-of-pnf-h-as-a-promising-serum-biomarker
#2
Reo Inoue, Masahiko Sumitani, Toru Ogata, Hirotaka Chikuda, Takehiro Matsubara, So Kato, Nobutake Shimojo, Kanji Uchida, Yoshitsugu Yamada
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 50%-80% patients experience postoperative delirium, an acute cognitive dysfunction associated with prolonged hospitalization, increased mortality, excess healthcare costs, and persistent cognitive impairment. Elucidation of the mechanism of delirium and associated diagnostic and therapeutic measures are urgently required. Here we investigated the role of phosphorylated neurofilament heavy subunit (pNF-H), a major structural protein in axons, as a predictive maker of postoperative delirium...
May 11, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499952/data-management-plans-the-missing-perspective
#3
Mary Williams, Jacqueline Bagwell, Meredith Nahm Zozus
The National Institutes of Health requires data sharing plans for projects with over five hundred thousand dollars in direct costs in a single year and has recently released a new guidance on rigor and reproducibility in grant applications. The National Science Foundation outright requires Data Management Plans (DMPs) as part of applications for funding. However, there is no general and definitive list of topics that should be covered in a DMP for a research project. We identified and reviewed DMP requirements from research funders...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499436/inequality-in-healthcare-costs-between-residing-and-non-residing-patients-evidence-from-vietnam
#4
Hieu M Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Place of residence has been shown to impact health. To date, however, previous studies have only focused on the variability in health outcomes and healthcare costs between urban and rural patients. This study takes a different approach and investigates cost inequality facing non-residing patients - patients who do not reside in the regions in which the hospitals are located. Understanding the sources for this inequality is important, as they are directly related to healthcare accessibility in developing countries...
May 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499150/effect-of-yarn-structure-on-wicking-and-its-impact-on-bloodstain-pattern-analysis-bpa-on-woven-cotton-fabrics
#5
Xingyu Li, Jingyao Li, Stephen Michielsen
Bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA) of bloodstains on hard, non-porous surfaces has found widespread use in crime scene analysis and reconstruction for violent crimes in which bloodshed occurs. At many violent crime scenes, bloody clothing is also found and may be analyzed. However, to date, there are no definitive methods for analyzing bloodstains on textiles, even for simple drip stains. There are two major classes of textiles used for apparel and household textiles, weaves and knits. In this article, drip stains on two 100% cotton plain weave fabrics representative of bed sheets are analyzed...
April 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495342/a-method-for-cohort-selection-of-cardiovascular-disease-records-from-an-electronic-health-record-system
#6
Maria Tereza Fernandes Abrahão, Moacyr Roberto Cuce Nobre, Marco Antonio Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: An electronic healthcare record (EHR) system, when used by healthcare providers, improves the quality of care for patients and helps to lower costs. Information collected from manual or electronic health records can also be used for purposes not directly related to patient care delivery, in which case it is termed secondary use. EHR systems facilitate the collection of this secondary use data, which can be used for research purposes like observational studies, taking advantage of improvement in the structuring and retrieval of patient information...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494322/constituent-lower-extremity-work-clew-approach-a-novel-tool-to-visualize-joint-and-segment-work
#7
Anahid Ebrahimi, Saryn R Goldberg, Jason M Wilken, Steven J Stanhope
Work can reveal the mechanism by which movements occur. However, work is less physically intuitive than more common clinical variables such as joint angles, and are scalar quantities which do not have a direction. Therefore, there is a need for a clearly reported and comprehensively calculated approach to easily visualize and facilitate the interpretation of work variables in a clinical setting. We propose the Constituent Lower Extremity Work (CLEW) approach, a general methodology to visualize and interpret cyclic tasks performed by the lower limbs...
April 24, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493847/cost-utility-of-stereotactic-radiation-therapy-versus-proton-beam-therapy-for-inoperable-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Henry W C Leung, Agnes L F Chan
The cost-utility of proton beam therapy was compared to stereotactic body radiation therapy for inoperable advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. A Markov decision-analytic model was performed following time to progression and survival using phase II trial data. Patients transitioned between three health states. Clinical outcomes were estimated for quality of life using utility estimates in the published literature and measured as incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) and net monetary benefits (NMBs). Real direct medical costs were extracted from the Bureau of National Health Insurance database...
April 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489411/gcoda-conditional-dependence-network-inference-for-compositional-data
#9
Huaying Fang, Chengcheng Huang, Hongyu Zhao, Minghua Deng
The increasing quality and the reducing cost of high-throughput sequencing technologies for 16S rRNA gene profiling enable researchers to directly analyze microbe communities in natural environments. The direct interactions among microbial species of a given ecological system can help us understand the principles of community assembly and maintenance under various conditions. Compositionality and dimensionality of microbiome data are two main challenges for inferring the direct interaction network of microbes...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481684/farm-income-and-production-impacts-of-using-gm-crop-technology-1996-2015
#10
Graham Brookes, Peter Barfoot
This paper provides an assessment of the value of using genetically modified (GM) crop technology in agriculture at the farm level. It follows and updates earlier annual studies which examined impacts on yields, key variable costs of production, direct farm (gross) income and impacts on the production base of the four main crops of soybeans, corn, cotton and canola. The commercialisation of GM crops has occurred at a rapid rate since the mid 1990s, with important changes in both the overall level of adoption and impact occurring in 2015...
May 8, 2017: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473306/using-a-medical-intranet-of-things-system-to-prevent-bed-falls-in-an-acute-care-hospital-a-pilot-study
#11
Henri U Balaguera, Diana Wise, Chun Yin Ng, Han-Wen Tso, Wan-Lin Chiang, Aimee M Hutchinson, Tracy Galvin, Lee Hilborne, Cathy Hoffman, Chi-Cheng Huang, C Jason Wang
BACKGROUND: Hospitalized patients in the United States experience falls at a rate of 2.6 to 17.1 per 1000 patient-days, with the majority occurring when a patient is moving to, from, and around the bed. Each fall with injury costs an average of US $14,000. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to conduct a technology evaluation, including feasibility, usability, and user experience, of a medical sensor-based Intranet of things (IoT) system in facilitating nursing response to bed exits in an acute care hospital...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468871/a-disparity-between-locomotor-economy-and-territory-holding-ability-in-male-house-mice
#12
Jeremy S Morris, James S Ruff, Wayne K Potts, David R Carrier
Both economical locomotion and physical fighting are important performance traits to many species because of their direct influence on components of Darwinian fitness. Locomotion represents a substantial portion of the total daily energy budget of many animals. Fighting performance often determines individual reproductive fitness through the means of resource control, social dominance, and access to mates. However, phenotypic traits that improve either locomotor economy or fighting ability may diminish performance in the other...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468240/care-seeking-patterns-and-direct-economic-burden-of-injuries-in-bangladesh
#13
Natalia Y Alfonso, Olakunle Alonge, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Kamran Ul Baset, Adnan A Hyder, David Bishai
This study provides a comprehensive review of the care-seeking patterns and direct economic burden of injuries from the victims' perspective in rural Bangladesh using a 2013 household survey covering 1.17 million people. Descriptive statistics and bivariate analyses were used to derive rates and test the association between variables. An analytic model was used to estimate total injury out-of-pocket (OOP) payments and a multivariate probit regression model assessed the relationship between financial distress and injury type...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464867/a-community-based-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-different-bundles-of-nutrition-specific-interventions-in-improving-mean-length-for-age-z-score-among-children-at-24%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-rural-bangladesh-study-protocol
#14
Sk Masum Billah, Tarana E Ferdous, Mohd Anisul Karim, Michael J Dibley, Shahreen Raihana, Md Moinuddin, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed, D M Emdadul Hoque, Purnima Menon, Shams El Arifeen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of stunting among under-five children in Bangladesh is 36%, varying with geographic and socio-economic characteristics. Previously, research groups statistically modelled the effect of 10 individual nutrition-specific interventions targeting the critical first 1000 days of life from conception, on lives saved and costs incurred in countries with the highest burden of stunted children. However, primary research on the combined effects of these interventions is limited...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464090/genetic-variance-and-covariance-and-breed-differences-for-feed-intake-and-average-daily-gain-to-improve-feed-efficiency-in-growing-cattle
#15
K J Retallick, J M Bormann, R L Weaber, M D MacNeil, H L Bradford, H C Freetly, K E Hales, D W Moser, W M Snelling, R M Thallman, L A Kuehn
Feed costs are a major economic expense in finishing and developing cattle; however, collection of feed intake data is costly. Examining relationships among measures of growth and intake, including breed differences, could facilitate selection for efficient cattle. Objectives of this study were to estimate genetic parameters for growth and intake traits and compare indices for feed efficiency to accelerate selection response. On-test ADFI and on-test ADG (TESTADG) and postweaning ADG (PWADG) records for 5,606 finishing steers and growing heifers were collected at the U...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460796/the-financial-costs-behaviour-and-psychology-of-obesity-a-one-health-analysis
#16
REVIEW
E Bomberg, L Birch, N Endenburg, A J German, J Neilson, H Seligman, G Takashima, M J Day
People who are overweight or have obesity are estimated to comprise 30% of the global population and up to 59% of companion dogs and cats are estimated to be above their optimal body weight. The prevalence of human and companion obesity is increasing. The direct and indirect costs of obesity and associated comorbidities are significant for human and veterinary healthcare. There are numerous similarities between obesity in people and companion animals, likely related to the shared environmental and lifestyle elements of this multifactorial disease...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456322/electronic-monitoring-in-combination-with-direct-observation-as-a-means-to-significantly-improve-hand-hygiene-compliance
#17
REVIEW
John M Boyce
Monitoring hand hygiene compliance among health care personnel (HCP) is an essential element of hand hygiene promotion programs. Observation by trained auditors is considered the gold standard method for establishing hand hygiene compliance rates. Advantages of observational surveys include the unique ability to establish compliance with all of the World Health Organization "My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene" initiative Moments and to provide just-in-time coaching. Disadvantages include the resources required for observational surveys, insufficient sample sizes, and nonstandardized methods of conducting observations...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455730/knee-abduction-affects-greater-magnitude-of-change-in-acl-and-mcl-strains-than-matched-internal-tibial-rotation-in-vitro
#18
Nathaniel A Bates, Rebecca J Nesbitt, Jason T Shearn, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injures incur over USD 2 billion in annual medical costs and prevention has become a topic of interest in biomechanics. However, literature conflicts persist over how knee rotations contribute to ACL strain and ligament injury. To maximize the efficacy of ACL injury prevention, the effects of underlying mechanics need to be better understood. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We applied robotically controlled, in vivo-derived kinematic stimuli to the knee to assess ligament biomechanics in a cadaver model...
April 28, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454875/incorporating-real-time-traffic-and-weather-data-to-explore-road-accident-likelihood-and-severity-in-urban-arterials
#19
Athanasios Theofilatos
INTRODUCTION: The effective treatment of road accidents and thus the enhancement of road safety is a major concern to societies due to the losses in human lives and the economic and social costs. The investigation of road accident likelihood and severity by utilizing real-time traffic and weather data has recently received significant attention by researchers. However, collected data mainly stem from freeways and expressways. Consequently, the aim of the present paper is to add to the current knowledge by investigating accident likelihood and severity by exploiting real-time traffic and weather data collected from urban arterials in Athens, Greece...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452227/prediction-of-lignin-content-in-different-parts-of-sugarcane-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-nir-ordered-predictors-selection-ops-and-partial-least-squares-pls
#20
Camila Assis, Rachel S Ramos, Lidiane A Silva, Volmir Kist, Márcio H P Barbosa, Reinaldo F Teófilo
The building of multivariate calibration models using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) and partial least squares (PLS) to estimate the lignin content in different parts of sugarcane genotypes is presented. Laboratory analyses were performed to determine the lignin content using the Klason method. The independent variables were obtained from different materials: dry bagasse, bagasse-with-juice, leaf, and stalk. The NIR spectra in the range of 10 000-4000 cm(-1) were obtained directly for each material. The models were built using PLS regression, and different algorithms for variable selection were tested and compared: iPLS, biPLS, genetic algorithm (GA), and the ordered predictors selection method (OPS)...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
keyword
keyword
3875
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"