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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644397/relationship-between-remote-sensing-data-plant-biomass-and-soil-nitrogen-dynamics-in-intensively-managed-grasslands-under-controlled-conditions
#1
Christoph Knoblauch, Conor Watson, Clara Berendonk, Rolf Becker, Nicole Wrage-Mönnig, Florian Wichern
The sustainable use of grasslands in intensive farming systems aims to optimize nitrogen (N) inputs to increase crop yields and decrease harmful losses to the environment at the same time. To achieve this, simple optical sensors may provide a non-destructive, time- and cost-effective tool for estimating plant biomass in the field, considering spatial and temporal variability. However, the plant growth and related N uptake is affected by the available N in the soil, and therefore, N mineralization and N losses...
June 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639794/community-health-workers-in-diabetes-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Lisa J Trump, Tai J Mendenhall
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining optimal self-care in managing Type 2 diabetes is a common struggle for patients due to several barriers, including access to quality services, financial insecurity and/or lack of insurance, and emotional distress. Consequently, morbidity and mortality rates are high, alongside rising health care costs. Alternative approaches that address common barriers require further investigation. This systematic review of randomized controlled trials examines the effectiveness of using community health workers (CHWs) in Type 2 diabetes care...
June 22, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620273/state-dependent-decoding-algorithms-improve-the-performance-of-a-bidirectional-bmi-in-anesthetized-rats
#3
Vito De Feo, Fabio Boi, Houman Safaai, Arno Onken, Stefano Panzeri, Alessandro Vato
Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) promise to improve the quality of life of patients suffering from sensory and motor disabilities by creating a direct communication channel between the brain and the external world. Yet, their performance is currently limited by the relatively small amount of information that can be decoded from neural activity recorded form the brain. We have recently proposed that such decoding performance may be improved when using state-dependent decoding algorithms that predict and discount the large component of the trial-to-trial variability of neural activity which is due to the dependence of neural responses on the network's current internal state...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620209/using-variable-importance-measures-to-identify-a-small-set-of-snps-to-predict-heading-date-in-perennial-ryegrass
#4
Stephen L Byrne, Patrick Conaghan, Susanne Barth, Sai Krishna Arojju, Michael Casler, Thibauld Michel, Janaki Velmurugan, Dan Milbourne
Prior knowledge on heading date enables the selection of parents of synthetic cultivars that are well matched with respect to time of heading, which is essential to ensure plants put together will cross pollinate. Heading date of individual plants can be determined via direct phenotyping, which has a time and labour cost. It can also be inferred from family means, although the spread in days to heading within families demands roguing in first generation synthetics. Another option is to predict heading date from molecular markers...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600035/predictors-of-perinatal-outcomes-and-economic-costs-for-late-term-induction-of-labour
#5
Daniel Oros, Raquel Garcia-Simon, Jesús Clemente, Ernesto Fabre, Manuel Angel Romero, Antonio Montañes
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to predict the perinatal outcomes and costs of health services following labour induction for late-term pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 245 women who underwent labour induction during their 41st week of gestation. The cervical condition was assessed upon admission using the Bishop score and ultrasound cervical length measurements. We estimated the direct costs of labour induction, and a predictive model for perinatal outcomes was constructed using the decision tree analysis algorithm and a logit model...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597307/optimization-of-biological-therapy-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-outcomes-from-the-create-registry-after-2-years-of-follow-up
#6
Manuel J Cárdenas, Soraya de la Fuente, María C Castro-Villegas, Montserrat Romero-Gómez, Desiré Ruiz-Vílchez, Jerusalem Calvo-Gutiérrez, Alejandro Escudero-Contreras, José R Del Prado, Eduardo Collantes-Estévez, Pilar Font
The current strategy for managing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) focuses on achieving clinical remission. Once remission is achieved and sustained over time, the most efficient strategy is dose optimization. This work describes the results of dose optimization after 2 years of follow-up in patients with RA treated with biological therapy and identifies predictive variables of response. Cohort: patients from the CREATE registry who, as of 1 November 2013, had been in clinical remission (DAS28 ≤2.6) for at least 6 months...
June 9, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593076/control-of-industrial-safety-based-on-dynamic-characteristics-of%C3%A2-a-safety-budget-industrial-accident-rate-model-in-republic-of-korea
#7
Gi Heung Choi, Byoung Gook Loh
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent efforts to prevent industrial accidents in the Republic of Korea, the industrial accident rate has not improved much. Industrial safety policies and safety management are also known to be inefficient. This study focused on dynamic characteristics of industrial safety systems and their effects on safety performance in the Republic of Korea. Such dynamic characteristics are particularly important for restructuring of the industrial safety system. METHODS: The effects of damping and elastic characteristics of the industrial safety system model on safety performance were examined and feedback control performance was explained in view of cost and benefit...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592907/-epidemiology-of-asthma-in-adults-living-in-the-silesian-voivodeship-according-to-secondary-epidemiological-data
#8
Ewa Niewiadomska, Małgorzata Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a serious public health challenge because of the increasing number of people with a new diagnosis and consequently the increasing costs of medical treatment (direct and indirect). The aim of this study is to analyze available epidemiological data with respect to their spatial and temporal variability in the Silesian voivodeship. In addition, the costs incurred by the National Health Fund (Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia - NFZ) in treating asthmaic patients are analyzed...
June 8, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583103/in-patient-costs-of-agitation-and-containment-in-a-mental-health-catchment-area
#9
Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Maria Rubio-Valera, Ignacio Aznar-Lou, Luisa Baladón Higuera, Karina Gibert, Alfredo Gracia Canales, Lisette Kaskens, José Miguel Ortiz, Luis Salvador-Carulla
BACKGROUND: There is a scarce number of studies on the cost of agitation and containment interventions and their results are still inconclusive. We aimed to calculate the economic consequences of agitation events in an in-patient psychiatric facility providing care for an urban catchment area. METHODS: A mixed approach combining secondary analysis of clinical databases, surveys and expert knowledge was used to model the 2013 direct costs of agitation and containment events for adult inpatients with mental disorders in an area of 640,572 adult inhabitants in South Barcelona (Spain)...
June 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579177/greenhouse-gas-emissions-and-the-links-to-plant-performance-in-a-fixed-film-activated-sludge-membrane-bioreactor-pilot-plant-experimental-evidence
#10
Giorgio Mannina, Marco Capodici, Alida Cosenza, Daniele Di Trapani, Gustaf Olsson
The present study explores the interlinkages among the operational variables of a University of Cape Town (UCT) Integrated Fixed Film Activated Sludge (IFAS) membrane bioreactor (MBR) pilot plant. Specifically, dedicated experimental tests were carried out with the final aim to find-out a constitutive relationship among operational costs (OCs), effluent quality index (EQI), effluent fines (EF). Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions were also included in the study. Results showed that the EQI increases at low flow rate likely due to the dissolved oxygen (DO) limitation in the biological processes...
May 18, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572120/burden-of-disease-and-change-in-practice-in-critically-ill-infants-with-bronchiolitis
#11
Luregn J Schlapbach, Lahn Straney, Ben Gelbart, Janet Alexander, Donna Franklin, John Beca, Jennifer A Whitty, Subodh Ganu, Barry Wilkins, Anthony Slater, Elizabeth Croston, Simon Erickson, Andreas Schibler
Bronchiolitis represents the most common cause of non-elective admission to paediatric intensive care units (ICUs).We assessed changes in admission rate, respiratory support, and outcomes of infants <24 months with bronchiolitis admitted to ICU between 2002 and 2014 in Australia and New Zealand.During the study period, bronchiolitis was responsible for 9628 (27.6%) of 34 829 non-elective ICU admissions. The estimated population-based ICU admission rate due to bronchiolitis increased by 11.76 per 100 000 each year (95% CI 8...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558703/-fibromyalgia-and-quality-of-life-mapping-the-revised-fibromyalgia-impact-questionnaire-to-the-preference-based-instruments
#12
Daniel Collado-Mateo, Gang Chen, Miguel A Garcia-Gordillo, Angelo Iezzi, José C Adsuar, Pedro R Olivares, Narcis Gusi
BACKGROUND: The revised version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR) is one of the most widely used specific questionnaires in FM studies. However, this questionnaire does not allow calculation of QALYs as it is not a preference-based measure. The aim of this study was to develop mapping algorithm which enable FIQR scores to be transformed into utility scores that can be used in the cost utility analyses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted...
May 30, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557949/surgical-trainee-feedback-seeking-behavior-in-the-context-of-workplace-based-assessment-in-clinical-settings
#13
Anne Gaunt, Abhilasha Patel, Simon Fallis, Victoria Rusius, Seni Mylvaganam, T James Royle, Max Almond, Deborah H Markham, Teresa R B Pawlikowska
PURPOSE: To investigate surgical trainee feedback-seeking behaviors-directly asking for feedback (inquiry) and observing and responding to situational clues (monitoring)-in the context of workplace-based assessment (WBA). METHOD: A hypothetical model of trainee feedback-seeking behavior was developed using existing literature. A questionnaire, incorporating previously validated instruments from organizational psychology, was distributed to general surgical trainees at 23 U...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508348/cost-analysis-of-minimally-invasive-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervical-cancer-performed-by-a-single-surgeon-in-an-italian-center-an-update-in-gynecologic-oncological-field
#14
Antonio Pellegrino, Gianluca Raffaello Damiani, Giorgio Fachechi, Cecilia Pirovano, Maria Gaetani, Aly Youssef
The objective of this study is to perform an economic analysis and examine the influence of procedural volume of our hospital, evaluating the accounting systems of Robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) vs Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH) in patients with cervical carcinoma, due to the costs widely variable and lack in literature. Costs were collected prospectively, from March 2010 to March 2016. Direct costs were determined by examining the overall medical pathway for each type of intervention. 52 patients with cervical carcinoma, which were matched by age, body mass index, tumor size, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, comorbidity, previous neoadjuvant chemotherapy, histology type, and tumor grade to obtain homogeneous samples...
May 15, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504118/direct-evidence-of-central-nervous-system-axonal-damage-in-patients-with-postoperative-delirium-a-preliminary-study-of-pnf-h-as-a-promising-serum-biomarker
#15
Reo Inoue, Masahiko Sumitani, Toru Ogata, Hirotaka Chikuda, Takehiro Matsubara, So Kato, Nobutake Shimojo, Kanji Uchida, Yoshitsugu Yamada
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 50-80% patients experience postoperative delirium, an acute cognitive dysfunction associated with prolonged hospitalization, increased mortality, excess healthcare costs, and persistent cognitive impairment. Elucidation of the mechanism of delirium and associated diagnostic and therapeutic measures are urgently required. Here we investigated the role of phosphorylated neurofilament heavy subunit (pNF-H), a major structural protein in axons, as a predictive maker of postoperative delirium...
May 11, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499952/data-management-plans-the-missing-perspective
#16
Mary Williams, Jacqueline Bagwell, Meredith Nahm Zozus
The National Institutes of Health requires data sharing plans for projects with over five hundred thousand dollars in direct costs in a single year and has recently released a new guidance on rigor and reproducibility in grant applications. The National Science Foundation outright requires Data Management Plans (DMPs) as part of applications for funding. However, there is no general and definitive list of topics that should be covered in a DMP for a research project. We identified and reviewed DMP requirements from research funders...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499436/inequality-in-healthcare-costs-between-residing-and-non-residing-patients-evidence-from-vietnam
#17
Hieu M Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Place of residence has been shown to impact health. To date, however, previous studies have only focused on the variability in health outcomes and healthcare costs between urban and rural patients. This study takes a different approach and investigates cost inequality facing non-residing patients - patients who do not reside in the regions in which the hospitals are located. Understanding the sources for this inequality is important, as they are directly related to healthcare accessibility in developing countries...
May 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499150/effect-of-yarn-structure-on-wicking-and-its-impact-on-bloodstain-pattern-analysis-bpa-on-woven-cotton-fabrics
#18
Xingyu Li, Jingyao Li, Stephen Michielsen
Bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA) of bloodstains on hard, non-porous surfaces has found widespread use in crime scene analysis and reconstruction for violent crimes in which bloodshed occurs. At many violent crime scenes, bloody clothing is also found and may be analyzed. However, to date, there are no definitive methods for analyzing bloodstains on textiles, even for simple drip stains. There are two major classes of textiles used for apparel and household textiles, weaves and knits. In this article, drip stains on two 100% cotton plain weave fabrics representative of bed sheets are analyzed...
April 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495342/a-method-for-cohort-selection-of-cardiovascular-disease-records-from-an-electronic-health-record-system
#19
Maria Tereza Fernandes Abrahão, Moacyr Roberto Cuce Nobre, Marco Antonio Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: An electronic healthcare record (EHR) system, when used by healthcare providers, improves the quality of care for patients and helps to lower costs. Information collected from manual or electronic health records can also be used for purposes not directly related to patient care delivery, in which case it is termed secondary use. EHR systems facilitate the collection of this secondary use data, which can be used for research purposes like observational studies, taking advantage of improvement in the structuring and retrieval of patient information...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494322/constituent-lower-extremity-work-clew-approach-a-novel-tool-to-visualize-joint-and-segment-work
#20
Anahid Ebrahimi, Saryn R Goldberg, Jason M Wilken, Steven J Stanhope
Work can reveal the mechanism by which movements occur. However, work is less physically intuitive than more common clinical variables such as joint angles, and are scalar quantities which do not have a direction. Therefore, there is a need for a clearly reported and comprehensively calculated approach to easily visualize and facilitate the interpretation of work variables in a clinical setting. We propose the Constituent Lower Extremity Work (CLEW) approach, a general methodology to visualize and interpret cyclic tasks performed by the lower limbs...
July 2017: Gait & Posture
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