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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224865/effects-of-supplementation-with-ruminally-protected-choline-on-performance-of-multiparous-holstein-cows-did-not-depend-upon-prepartum-caloric-intake
#1
M G Zenobi, R Gardinal, J E Zuniga, A L G Dias, C D Nelson, J P Driver, B A Barton, J E P Santos, C R Staples
Objectives were to evaluate the effect of prepartum energy intake on performance of dairy cows supplemented with or without ruminally protected choline (RPC; 0 or 17.3 g/d of choline chloride; 0 or 60 g/d of ReaShure, Balchem Corp., New Hampton, NY). At 47 ± 6 d before the expected calving date, 93 multiparous Holstein cows were assigned randomly to 1 of 4 dietary treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Cows were fed energy to excess [EXE; 1.63 Mcal of net energy for lactation/kg of dry matter (DM)] or to maintenance (MNE; 1...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222938/role-of-angiogenic-factors-in-the-pathogenesis-and-management-of-pre-eclampsia
#2
REVIEW
Nnabuike C Ngene, Jagidesa Moodley
The cause of pre-eclampsia is unknown. Different postulates have been developed to explain its pathogenesis. The two-stage theory and angiogenic imbalance are two notable postulates of the disease. Together, they propose that there is a lack of cytotrophoblastic invasion of the uterine spiral arteries in pre-eclampsia. The lumen of these arteries remains narrow instead of converting to the wide channels seen in normal pregnancy, and result in poor placental perfusion. Coupled with maternal susceptibility, this process leads to the release of mediators, including an excess of anti-angiogenic factors that result in the clinical manifestations of the disease...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222899/prevalence-and-determinants-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-among-non-pregnant-women-of-reproductive-age-in-pakistan
#3
Muhammad Atif Habib, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Sidrah Nausheen, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency Anemia (IDA) in women of reproductive age is a recognized public health concern that impairs health and well-being in women and is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. In Pakistan there is a dearth of up-to-date information on the prevalence and predictors of IDA. This study sought to investigate IDA in Pakistani women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis was performed using the National Nutrition Survey in Pakistan 2011- 2012...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222825/outcome-of-sonography-based-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-of-the-ureter-and-urinary-bladder-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Gernot Hudelist, Ayman Tammaa, Kristine Aas-Eng, Lisa Kirchner, Nadja Fritzer, Zoltan Nemeth, Michael Lamche
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the accuracy of transvaginal sonography for preoperative detection of bladder endometriosis and surgical outcomes regarding fertility and pain symptoms of women with urinary tract endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with urinary tract endometriosis undergoing laparoscopic partial cystectomy and/or ureterolysis/decompression, ureteric resection and end-to-end anastomosis or ureteroneocystostomy for ureteral stenosis and hydronephrosis...
December 8, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221591/eradicating-bvd-reviewing-irish-programme-data-and-model-predictions-to-support-prospective-decision-making
#5
H-H Thulke, M Lange, J A Tratalos, T A Clegg, G McGrath, L O'Grady, P O'Sullivan, M L Doherty, D A Graham, S J More
Bovine Viral Diarrhoea is an infectious production disease of major importance in many cattle sectors of the world. The infection is predominantly transmitted by animal contact. Postnatal infections are transient, leading to immunologically protected cattle. However, for a certain window of pregnancy, in utero infection of the foetus results in persistently infected (PI) calves being the major risk of BVD spread, but also an efficient target for controlling the infection. There are two acknowledged strategies to identify PI animals for removal: tissue tag testing (direct; also known as the Swiss model) and serological screening (indirect by interpreting the serological status of the herd; the Scandinavian model)...
November 23, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215710/impact-of-nationwide-health-insurance-coverage-for-non-invasive-prenatal-testing
#6
Valentina Vinante, Bettina Keller, Evelyn A Huhn, Dorothy Huang, Olav Lapaire, Gwendolin Manegold-Brauer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the changes in women's choices for prenatal testing after the introduction of nationwide health insurance coverage for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in Switzerland. METHODS: The present retrospective study reviewed data from all women with singleton pregnancies who presented at the prenatal unit of Basel University Hospital, Switzerland, for first-trimester screening between July 15, 2014, and December 31, 2015. Women were divided into three categories according to their risk for aneuploidy, and the uptake of NIPT in the period before and after the introduction of the nationwide coverage for NIPT was compared...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215708/risk-factors-for-nuchal-cord-entanglement-at-delivery
#7
Elie Nkwabong, Jacky Ndoumbe Mballo, Julius Sama Dohbit
OBJECTIVE: To identify nuchal cord risk factors. METHODS: The present case-control study was carried out between December 2016 and April 2017 at two hospitals in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Singletons with a nuchal cord at delivery (case group) as well as the two neonates without a nuchal cord delivered immediately after each case (control group), all in cephalic presentation, were included. Undated pregnancies were excluded. The main variables studied were maternal age, parity, pregnancy duration at delivery, cord insertion site, cord length, delivery weight, and fetal sex...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215383/mood-stabilizing-anticonvulsants-spina-bifida-and-folate-supplementation-commentary
#8
Neil Patel, Adele C Viguera, Ross J Baldessarini
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: High risks of neural tube defects and other teratogenic effects are associated with exposure in early pregnancy to some anticonvulsants, including in women with bipolar disorder. METHODS/PROCEDURES: Based on a semistructured review of recent literature, we summarized findings pertaining to this topic. FINDINGS/RESULTS: Valproate and carbamazepine are commonly used empirically (off-label) for putative long-term mood-stabilizing effects...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215162/delineating-the-association-between-mode-of-delivery-and-postpartum-depression-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Patricia Eckerdal, Marios K Georgakis, Natasa Kollia, Anna-Karin Wikström, Ulf Högberg, Alkistis Skalkidou
INTRODUCTION: Although a number of perinatal factors have been implied in the etiology of postpartum depression (PPD), the role of mode of delivery remains controversial. Our aim was to explore the association between mode of delivery and PPD, considering the potentially mediating or confounding role of several covariates MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a longitudinal-cohort study in Uppsala, Sweden, with 3888 unique pregnancies followed-up postpartum, the effect of mode of delivery (spontaneous vaginal delivery, vacuum extraction, elective cesarean section, emergency cesarean section) on self-reported PPD symptoms (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale ≥12) at six weeks postpartum was investigated through logistic regression models and path analysis RESULTS: The overall prevalence of PPD was 13%...
December 7, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215158/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-with-heart-defect-has-a-high-risk-for-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-and-major-extra-cardiac-malformations-10-year-national-cohort-from-finland
#10
Johanna Hautala, Emma Karstunen, Annukka Ritvanen, Risto Rintala, Ilkka P Mattila, Juha Räsänen, Pertti K Suominen, Tiina Ojala
INTRODUCTION: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has a well-known risk of congenital heart defects with poor prognosis. This study was conducted to determine the national total prevalence and prenatal detection rates of CDH with heart defects and its association with major extra-cardiac malformations and to further evaluate the impact of the heart defect severity on survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 10-year national cohort was derived from four national registries, including live births, stillbirths, and terminations of pregnancy for fetal anomalies...
December 7, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214643/trends-in-serum-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-levels-0-4-days-after-methotrexate-administration-for-predicting-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy-treatment-success
#11
Lo Wong, Linda W Y Fung, Chun-Wai Cheung, Terence T Lao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serum human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) levels 0-4 days after single-dose methotrexate administration for tubal ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: The present retrospective study included women with tubal ectopic pregnancy treated by methotrexate at a tertiary hospital in Hong Kong, China, between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2016. Patients were stratified serum HCG levels rose or fell from day 0-4 post-administration. Trends in day 0-4 serum HCG to predict treatment success were compared with that of day 4-7 serum HCG...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214637/identification-and-treatment-of-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-located-in-the-cesarean-scar
#12
Xiaoyu Wang, Yuan Li, Junjun Yang, Yonglan He, Ming Wang, Xirun Wan, Yang Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical characteristics of, and the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for, gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) located in the cesarean scar. METHODS: The present retrospective analysis was conducted among patients diagnosed with GTN located in the cesarean scar at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China, between June 1, 2006, and May 31, 2016. Clinical features, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and outcomes were reviewed...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214476/acute-effects-of-air-pollution-on-spontaneous-abortion-premature-delivery-and-stillbirth-in-ahvaz-iran-a-time-series-study
#13
Maryam Dastoorpoor, Esmaeil Idani, Gholamreza Goudarzi, Narges Khanjani
Living in areas with high air pollution may have adverse effects on human health. There are few studies about the association between breathing polluted air and adverse pregnancy outcomes in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between air pollution and spontaneous abortion, premature birth, and stillbirth in Ahvaz. A time-series study was conducted. Data about spontaneous abortion, premature deliveries, and stillbirth was collected from Ahvaz Imam Khomeini Hospital. Air pollution data including NO, CO, NO2, PM10, SO2, O3, and climate data were, respectively, collected from the Environmental Protection Agency and the Khuzestan Province Meteorology Office from March 2008 until March 2015...
December 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211333/subsequent-reproductive-outcome-among-women-with-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-a-nationwide-study
#14
Maria Guldbrandt Hauge, Marianne Johansen, Niels Vejlstrup, Finn Gustafsson, Peter Damm, Anne S Ersbøll
OBJECTIVE: To describe the subsequent reproductive outcome for a Danish nationwide cohort of women with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). DESIGN: Nationwide historic cohort study. SETTING: Secondary and tertiary centres across Denmark. SAMPLE: Women with PPCM. METHODS: Sixty-one women with PPCM during 2005-2014 were identified in a nationwide, registry-based study and the diagnosis was validated through audit of patient records...
December 6, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211328/safety-of-the-balloon-catheter-for-cervical-ripening-in-outpatient-care-complications-during-the-period-from-insertion-to-expulsion-of-a-balloon-catheter-in-the-process-of-labour-induction-a-systematic-review
#15
M Diederen, J S M Gommers, C Wilkinson, D Turnbull, B W J Mol
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that cervical ripening with a balloon catheter for labour induction can be done in an outpatient setting in low-risk pregnancies. Introduction of such an approach needs to be accompanied with monitoring of potential complications. Therefore the existence and frequency of any associated adverse event during cervical ripening needs to be established. OBJECTIVE: To assess the complication rate during cervical ripening with balloon induction...
December 6, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211052/maternal-vaccination-immunization-of-sows-during-pregnancy-against-etec-infections
#16
REVIEW
Jose Matías, Melibea Berzosa, Yadira Pastor, Juan M Irache, Carlos Gamazo
The immunology of pregnancy is an evolving consequence of multiple reciprocal interactions between the maternal and the fetal-placental systems. The immune response must warrant the pregnancy outcome (including tolerance to paternal antigens), but at the same time, efficiently respond to pathogenic challenges. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains are a major cause of illness and death in neonatal and recently weaned pigs. This review aims to give an overview of the current rationale on the maternal vaccination strategies for the protection of the newborn pig against ETEC...
December 6, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207382/incidental-septostomy-after-laser-surgery-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-perinatal-outcomes-and-antenatal-management
#17
Brian J Gordon, Andrew H Chon, Lisa M Korst, Arlyn Llanes, David A Miller, Ramen H Chmait
INTRODUCTION: Incidental septostomy, or inadvertent perforation of the twins' dividing membranes, can create a functional monoamniotic twin pregnancy. Our aim was to describe the perinatal outcomes and antenatal management of patients with incidental septostomy after laser surgery for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monochorionic diamniotic multiple gestations with a gestational age (GA) between 16 and 26 weeks that underwent laser surgery from March 2006 to December 2015 were studied retrospectively...
December 5, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206294/hormone-regulates-endometrial-function-via-cooperation-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-mtor-autophagy
#18
Diqi Yang, Tingting Jiang, Jianguo Liu, Jin Hong, Pengfei Lin, Huatao Chen, Dong Zhou, Keqiong Tang, Aihua Wang, Yaping Jin
In ruminant, the receptive endometrium and the elongation of the hatched blastocyst are required to complete the process of implantation. However, the mechanisms regulating goat endometrial function during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy are still unclear. In this study, EECs were treated with progesterone, estradiol and interferon-tau (IFNT). We have found that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress were activated under hormones treatment. To identify the cellular mechanism of regulation of endometrial function, we investigated the effect of ER stress activator thapsigargin (TG) and inhibitor 4 phenyl butyric acid (4-PBA) on EECs...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206055/association-study-of-foxp3-gene-and-the-risk-of-0020-pre-eclampsia
#19
Milad Gholami, Reza Mirfakhraie, Reihaneh Pirjani, Robabeh Taheripanah, Sahar Bayat, Seyyedeh Anita Daryabari, Matina Noori, Sayyed Mohamad Hossein Ghaderian
Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a multifactorial pregnancy disorder, with serious consequences for both the mother and the fetus. Despite intense studies, the pathophysiology of PE remains enigmatic. Previous studies suggested that Treg dysfunction is involved in the pathogenesis of PE. We hypothesized that functional variants of the FOXP3 gene might be associated with PE via dysregulation of Treg cells. Of the 276 subjects, we genotyped three variants of FOXP3 by PCR-RFLP and Tetra ARMS-PCR methods. The genotypic frequencies of rs2232365 were found to be protective from the development of PE under codominant [odds ratio (OR) 0...
December 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205543/deep-insemination-with-sex-sorted-cashmere-goat-sperm-processed-in-the-presence-of-antioxidants
#20
Y Qin, S Yang, J Xu, C Xia, X Li, L An, J Tian
Flow cytometrically sex-sorted sperm have been widely used for improving reproductive management in the dairy industry. However, the industrial application of this technology in other domestic species is largely limited by the lower fertility after insemination. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of antioxidant supplementation during the sex-sorting and freezing process on the quality and functions of sorted sperm from Liaoning Cashmere goats. We tested the effects of antioxidant supplementation during sex-sorting and freezing process, including ascorbic acid-2-glucoside AA-2G, glutathione, melatonin and vitamin C (VC), on the quality and functions of sex-sorted fresh and frozen-thawed sperm...
December 3, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
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