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Sibel Hacioglu, Aysun Karabulut, Ismail Sari, Ali Keskin
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of haemostatic abnormalities in women with menorrhagia and to evaluate their effect on quality of life (QoL). The study population was composed of patients with menorrhagia seen in the outpatient clinic, having a score of >185 with a pictorial blood assessment chart. Structured questionnaires were used in the assessment of demographic characteristics and QoL, and patients were tested for bleeding disorders. Ninety women were recruited for the study. Bleeding disorders were detected in 40% of them: 11...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gavin Low, Harini Dharmana, Samantha Saravana-Bawan, Safwat Girgis
History An asymptomatic 33-year-old woman was referred to the Hepatology Department in 2013 for work-up of indeterminate multifocal liver masses. These lesions were discovered incidentally at multiphase contrast material-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (CT) performed in 2004 to investigate right lower quadrant pain. Imaging surveillance at sporadic intervals revealed slow progressive growth of the lesions over time; however, the number of lesions remained constant. There was no history of cancer, nor were there predisposing factors for chronic liver disease or cirrhosis...
November 2016: Radiology
S Louw, N P Saragas, P N Ferrao, T F Chirwa, B F Jacobson
BACKGROUND: Low-molecular-weight heparin and vitamin K antagonists such as warfarin are the gold standard for prohylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolic disease (VTED). Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) result in predictable anticoagulation with significantly reduced inter- and intra-patient variability. DOAC absorption is rapid, with a short half-life and relatively few drug interactions. DOACs are effective and safe at fixed doses without activity monitoring. However, specific situations may require assessment of accurate drug activity...
September 8, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
A Thurkow, M Van Baal, H Van Eijndhoven
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Georgy Joy Eralil
OBJECTIVE: Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) has been shown to be an effective treatment for patients with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in many Western studies. The purpose of study was to examine the effectiveness of LNG-IUS in the treatment of Indian women with AUB. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 70 women diagnosed with AUB and treated with LNG-IUS insertion between February 2010 and 2014 at the Department of Gynecology of Sree Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Anupam Kapur, Ranjeeta Angomchanu, Madhusudan Dey
BACKGROUND: Fibroid or myoma is the commonest reported tumor of uterus, and is one of the important reasons for hysterectomy in our setting. Different drugs are available for medical management of fibroid uterus including mifepristone, a progesterone antagonist. Varying dosage regimen for mifepristone was studied as medical management of fibroid uterus. The aim of the project was to study the effect of mifepristone on the symptoms and size of fibroids, especially using a low-dose regimen for 6 months...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Maitri Raghavendra Kulkarni, Indranil Dutta, Dilip Kumar Dutta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Leiomyoma of uterus forms the most common type of benign tumor of uterus and also the most common pelvic tumor in women. The symptomatology continues to be variable. Surgery has for long been the main mode of therapy for the myomas. For women who wish to retain the uterus for future pregnancies or other reasons, myomectomy is preferred. Recent trend has been toward nonsurgical approaches like GnRH hormone analogs/agonists, RU 486, or selective uterine artery embolization, laparoscopic cryoablation, radiofrequency thermal ablation, and MRGUs...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Archana D Rathod, Rohidas P Chavan, Sandhya P Pajai, Vijay Bhagat, Prachi Thool
ABSTRACT: Adolescence is a period of enormous physical and psychological change for young girls. Many adolescents with menstrual disturbances never present to their family doctor or gynecologist. Embarrassment about discussing menstruation, fear of disease, and ignorance about services available may lead to delayed presentation or consultation with doctor. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the different gynecological problems in adolescent girls attending outpatient department...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Duo Zhang, Wei Xia, Tong Tong, Cheng Li, Wei Shi, Ming-Xing Yan, Rui-Hong Xue, Xiao-Ming Guan, Jian Zhang
Adenomyosis, a benign invasion of endometrium, is closely related to endometriosis. Cysteine-rich 61 (Cyr61), a protein present in all endometrial tissues and menstrual effluents, is known to be associated with endometriosis. However, its relation to adenomyosis has not been determined thus far. Therefore, here, we aimed to investigate the expression of Cyr61 protein in adenomyosis and determine the correlation between Cyr61 expression and clinicopathologic parameters in patients with adenomyosis. One hundred and twenty patients with histologically diagnosed adenomyosis, who underwent hysterectomy for non-endometrial disease were enrolled in this study...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Justine Hugon-Rodin, Géraldine Lebègue, Stéphanie Becourt, Claude Hamonet, Anne Gompel
BACKGROUND: Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS), is probably the most common disease among heritable connective tissue disorders. It affects women more than men and causes symptoms in multiple organs. It is associated with chronic pain, skin fragility and abnormal bleeding. These characteristics may hamper reproductive life. We conducted a study to evaluate the gynecologic and obstetric outcomes in women with hEDS. We also explored a possible hormonal modulation of the hEDS symptoms...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Shweta Kambali, Asma Taj
Polycythemia vera is one of the chronic myeloproliferative diseases and very few patients present with its actual clinical manifestations. The most common findings are increased red cell mass and an increased leukocyte count with decreased erythropoietin. We present a case where there was a delay in the diagnosis of polycythemia because of menorrhagia in the past. On admission, the patient presented with elevated red and white blood cell counts, erythropoietin was low, and polycythemia was then suspected. A bcr-abl test was performed to rule out chronic myelogenous leukemia...
September 2, 2016: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
Ibraheem O Awowole, Olufemiwa N Makinde, Olusegun O Badejoko, Ganiyat O Omoniyi-Esan, Aramide M Tijani, Kayode O Ajenifuja, Olabisi M Loto
OBJECTIVE: To compare the expression of estrogen receptor α (ERα) and progesterone receptor (PR) in myometrium and leiomyomata tissue, and to correlate their expression with symptoms of uterine leiomyomata. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, intraoperative biopsy samples of leiomyomata and adjacent myometrial specimens were obtained from premenopausal women with uterine leiomyomata treated at a center in Nigeria between September 2013 and August 2014. Immunohistochemistry for ERα and PR expression was performed on the samples...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Sangeeta Ramanan, Jude Chapman-Wardy, Roy Watson
A 43-year-old woman presented with severe anaemia secondary to menorrhagia. Pelvic ultrasound showed a large intramural posterior fundal fibroid. Hysteroscopy showed the fibroid distorting the endometrial cavity, precluding Mirena® device insertion. As she was initially hesitant to have a hysterectomy, medical management with the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) and tranexamic acid was instituted, with good effect. Months later, after a long road trip, she presented with left leg swelling, and a Doppler ultrasound confirmed an extensive deep vein thrombosis (DVT)...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Chayanika Padumadasa, Durga Dharmadana, Ajit Abeysekera, Mayuri Thammitiyagodage
BACKGROUND: Proanthocyanidins belong to a class of polyphenolic compounds called flavonoids and have been reported to exhibit important biological activities. The immature inflorescence of Cocos nucifera L. is used by Ayurvedic and traditional medical practitioners for the treatment of menorrhagia in Sri Lanka. Our studies have shown that the inflorescence of Cocos nucifera L. predominantly contains proanthocyanidins. OBJECTIVE: To determine the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities of ethyl acetate soluble proanthocyanidins (EASPA) of immature inflorescence of Cocos nucifera L...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Aska Toda, Kenjiro Sawada, Keigo Osuga, Noboru Maeda, Hiroki Higashihara, Tomoyuki Sasano, Noriyuki Tomiyama, Tadashi Kimura
AIM: The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the efficacies of uterine artery embolization (UAE) using gelatin sponge for symptomatic uterine fibroids. METHODS: A series of 60 consecutive premenopausal women underwent UAE using gelatin sponge particles or porous gelatin particles. Patients were routinely followed up at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the procedure and asked to report any procedure-related complications. At each follow-up, an original clinical questionnaire was completed by the patients to evaluate changes in fibroid-related symptoms...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
Akiyoshi Yamanaka, Fuminori Kimura, Takashi Yoshida, Nobuyuki Kita, Kentaro Takahashi, Ryoji Kushima, Takashi Murakmai
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of adenomyosis on the coagulation and fibrinolysis system during menstruation and the relationship between dysfunction of the coagulation and fibrinolysis system and the symptoms and complications of adenomyosis. STUDY DESIGN: Concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) and soluble fibrin (SF) as markers of coagulation, D-dimer (DD) as a marker of both coagulation and fibrinolysis, and plasmin-alpha 2-plasmin inhibitor complex (PIC) as a marker of fibrinolysis in the peripheral blood of eight patients with adenomyosis were measured daily from the first to fifth day of menstruation...
September 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
James E Silberzweig, Daniel K Powell, Alan H Matsumoto, James B Spies
Uterine fibroids occur in approximately 50% of women over the age of 40 years, and an estimated 50% of those are symptomatic. Menorrhagia is the most common symptom and the primary indication for treatment, although bulk symptoms often occur and can be treated. Pharmacotherapy is typically inadequate unless it can be expected to successfully bridge to menopause or allow for a less-invasive intervention. However, hormonal therapies have risks. Hysterectomy is still the most commonly performed procedure for symptomatic fibroids and has the lowest rate of reintervention (compared with myomectomy or uterine artery embolization [UAE]), but rates of more serious complications are higher and patient satisfaction and ability to return to normal activities may also be less favorable...
September 2016: Radiology
Bharat Talukdar, Sangita Mahela
BACKGROUND: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a frequently encountered gynecologic complaint in perimenopausal woman and also the most common cause of hysterectomy in this age group. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of various clinical presentations of perimenopausal AUB and it is ultrasonographic and histopathological correlation of hysterectomy specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology among perimenopausal women who underwent hysterectomy for AUB...
April 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
Ai Shimizu, Hoshihito Tanaka, Sari Iwasaki, Yukio Wakui, Hitoshi Ikeda, Akira Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma is a rare variant of uterine smooth muscle tumor with an unusual growth pattern that shows intramural dissection within uterine myometrium and often a placenta-like appearance in its extrauterine components. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a unique case of cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma with adenomyosis. A 40-year-old Japanese female presented with prolonged menorrhagia and severe anemia. She had a pelvic mass followed-up for 6 years with a diagnosis of leiomyoma...
2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Ahmad Abu Sulb, Marwa Abu El Haija, Akila Muthukumar
Pelvic tumors in adolescent females are very uncommon. While the most common presentation is pelvic discomfort, we report the case of a 14-year-old female presenting with menorrhagia which is an unusual initial complaint for a large pelvic tumor. Adolescent females who present with heavy menstrual bleeding initially undergo assessment to rule out a bleeding disorder. In this case, careful history and physical examination helped in making a quick diagnosis and management. Ultrasound of abdomen showed a huge cystic mass due to serous cystadenoma of the ovary...
2016: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
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