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Abnormal uterine bleeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446937/laparoscopic-isthmocele-treatment-single-center-experience
#1
Michał Ciebiera, Magdalena Ciebiera, Magdalena Czekańska-Rawska, Grzegorz Jakiel
INTRODUCTION: A cesarean section is the most frequently performed surgery in modern obstetrics. In case of an incorrect wound healing process there is a risk of a persistent uterine wall defect. Nowadays, due to the high frequency of cesarean sections, obstetricians have to deal with the threat of uterine rupture due to pathological wound healing. It has been proven that isthmocele can cause abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), pelvic pain (PP), and secondary infertility (SI), and can be a place of improper pregnancy placement...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444812/a-survey-on-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-among-radiographers-with-frequent-mri-exposure-using-intrauterine-contraceptive-devices
#2
A Huss, K Schaap, H Kromhout
PURPOSE: Based on a previous case report of menometrorrhagia (prolonged/excessive uterine bleeding, occurring at irregular and/or frequent intervals) in MRI workers with intrauterine devices (IUDs), it was evaluated whether this association could be confirmed. METHODS: A survey was performed among 381 female radiographers registered with their national association. Logistic regression was used to analyze associations of abnormal uterine bleeding with the frequency of working with MRI scanners, presence near the scanner/in the scanner room during image acquisition, and with scanner strength or type...
April 25, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444736/selective-progesterone-receptor-modulators-sprms-for-uterine-fibroids
#3
REVIEW
Ally Murji, Lucy Whitaker, Tiffany L Chow, Mara L Sobel
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids are smooth muscle tumours arising from the uterus. These tumours, although benign, are commonly associated with abnormal uterine bleeding, bulk symptoms and reproductive dysfunction. The importance of progesterone in fibroid pathogenesis supports selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs) as effective treatment. Both biochemical and clinical evidence suggests that SPRMs may reduce fibroid growth and ameliorate symptoms. SPRMs can cause unique histological changes to the endometrium that are not related to cancer, are not precancerous and have been found to be benign and reversible...
April 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442807/epidemiology-and-clinico-investigative-study-of-organisms-causing-vaginal-discharge
#4
Swetha Venugopal, Kannan Gopalan, Asha Devi, A Kavitha
BACKGROUND: Abnormal vaginal discharge is a common clinical problem in reproductive age group. It is the second most common problem after abnormal uterine bleeding. It is a neglected health problem, most commonly caused due to vulvovaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis (BV). OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of common organisms causing vaginal discharge and also to know the variety of clinical presentation...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441840/-atypical-polypoid-adenomyoma-of-the-uterus-a-clinicopathological-review-of-27-cases
#5
T J Bai, D M Bao, Y Li, Y Wang, H Cui, H L Zhu
Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathological characteristics of atypical polypoid adenomyoma (APA) for improvement of the diagnosis, different diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Methods: The clinical data, pathological characteristics, and the follow-up information were retrospectively analyzed in 27 cases of APA admitted in Peking Univeristy People's Hospital from 2007 to 2016. Results: The median age was 42.6 years old (range 25-60 years old). Fifteen patients were nullipara, 2 patients were postmenopausal...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439599/agreement-of-histopathological-findings-of-uterine-curettage-and-hysterectomy-specimens-in-women-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#6
Sanam Moradan, Raheb Ghorbani, Azita Lotfi
To examined the diagnostic value of  dilatation and curettage (D and C) in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) by conducting a histopathological examination of endometrial tissues by D and C and hysterectomy. Methods: In this retrospective study, the medical records of 163 women who had been hospitalized  in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward, Amir-al-Momenin Hospital, Semnan, Iran between 2010 and 2015 for diagnostic curettage due to  AUB and who had undergone hysterectomy were investigated. The patients' characteristics and histopathologic results of curettage and hysterectomy were extracted, and sensitivity and specificity and positive and negative predictive values of curettage were calculated...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433626/thrombin-impairs-human-endometrial-endothelial-angiogenesis-implications-for-progestin-only-contraceptive-induced-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#7
John P Shapiro, Ozlem Guzeloglu-Kayisli, Umit A Kayisli, Nihan Semerci, S Joseph Huang, Sefa Arlier, Kellie Larsen, Paolo Fadda, Frederick Schatz, Charles J Lockwood
OBJECTIVE: Progestin-only contraceptives induce abnormal uterine bleeding, accompanied by pro-thrombin leakage from dilated endometrial microvessels and increased thrombin generation by human endometrial stromal cell (HESC)-expressed tissue factor. Initial studies of the thrombin-treated HESC secretome identified elevated levels of cleaved chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4 (CSPG4), impairing pericyte-endothelial interactions. Thus, we investigated direct and CSPG4-mediated effects of thrombin in eliciting abnormal uterine bleeding by disrupting endometrial angiogenesis...
April 19, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421908/extravasating-uterine-pseudoaneurysm-a-rare-cause-of-postpartum-haemorrhage
#8
Sang Wook Yi
Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) remains one of the leading causes of maternal death worldwide and can be classified as either immediate (primary) or delayed (secondary) according to the onset time - before or after 24 hours postpartum. Uterine pseudoaneurysm is a rare cause of PPH that has been suggested to arise from abnormal vascular regression and a recurrent vascular healing state, such as a vascular stricture and relaxation with thrombin deposits after placental expulsion. With advances in multidetector computed tomography, 3D-computed tomography with angiography can aid in identifying the location and originating vessels of the pseudoaneurysm via fast and clear 3D images...
May 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406809/hysteroscopy-for-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-and-fibroids
#9
Lindsey N Valentine, Linda D Bradley
Operative hysteroscopy is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment option for submucosal and intramural leiomyomas. We discuss preoperative evaluation, fluid management, postoperative complications, preventative measures, and hysteroscopic outcomes. Technical instructions and tips for successful hysteroscopy, as well as the various equipment options most commonly utilized in the United States, are also reviewed.
June 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405119/figo-s-palm-coein-classification-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-a-clinico-histopathological-correlation-in-indian-setting
#10
Devanshi Mishra, Shabana Sultan
INTRODUCTION: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is the commonest menstrual problem during perimenopause. The International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics working group on menstrual disorders has developed a classification system (PALM-COEIN) for causes of the AUB in non-gravid women. The present study was conducted with the aim to study the two components of this system in clinical practice in general and to establish a clinico-pathological correlation of AUB with context of PALM component in particular...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403921/oxidative-and-antioxidative-status-in-the-endometrium-of-patients-with-benign-gynecological-disorders
#11
C Nayki, U Nayki, M Gunay, M Kulhan, M Çankaya, A Humeyra Taskın Kafa, G Balci
AIM: Oxidative stress and impaired antioxidative system are implicated in the development of many disease states including gynecological diseases. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the oxidative-antioxidative status in endometrium of patients diagnosed with benign gynecological disorders. METHODS: Samples of endometria and blood were obtained from 65 patients admitted to our center for abnormal uterine bleeding or postmenopausal bleeding. Endometrial biopsy was performed for the evaluation of histopathology and oxidative-antioxidative status in endometrial tissue...
March 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381140/proximal-type-epithelioid-sarcoma
#12
David Alfonso Suárez-Zamora, Luis Eduardo Barrera-Herrera, Paula Andrea Rodríguez-Urrego, Mauricio Alfonso Palau-Lázaro
Epithelioid sarcoma is a rare malignant mesenchymal neoplasm (less than 1% of all sarcomas) with epithelioid morphology. Among the 2 subtypes, proximal represents only one-third of cases and commonly involves deep tissues of pelvic region, including the perineum, genital area, and groin, and occurs more frequently in older patients who present a more aggressive course. In the female genital tract, proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma (PES) mainly affects the vulva and is extremely uncommon in the uterus. To our knowledge, only a few cases of PES involving the cervix and uterine body have been previously reported in the literature...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376343/oral-contraception-and-menstrual-bleeding-during-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-expert-opinion-versus-current-practice-combined-results-of-a-systematic-review-expert-panel-opinion-and-an-international-survey
#13
F A Klok, K Schreiber, K Stach, W Ageno, S Middeldorp, S Eichinger, A Delluc, M Blondon, C Ay
INTRODUCTION: The optimal management of oral contraception and menstrual bleeding during treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is largely unknown. We aimed to elicit expert opinion and compare that to current practice as assessed by a world-wide international web-based survey among physicians. METHODS: 10 international thrombosis experts and 10 abnormal uterine bleeding experts independently completed a questionnaire containing three hypothetical patient cases each with four different scenarios, and additional queries covering different severities of VTE, patient circumstances, hormonal contraceptives and both thrombotic and bleeding complications...
March 20, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365479/preconception-gynecological-risk-factors-of-postpartum-depression-among-japanese-women-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs
#14
Sifa Marie Joelle Muchanga, Kahoko Yasumitsu-Lovell, Masamitsu Eitoku, Etongola Papy Mbelambela, Hitoshi Ninomiya, Kaori Komori, Rahma Tozin, Nagamasa Maeda, Mikiya Fujieda, Narufumi Suganuma
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is one of the major causes of disability among women who are on their childbearing years. Identifying people at risk of postpartum depression may improve its management. The objective of this study was to determine the probable association between postpartum depression and some preconception gynecological morbidities. METHODS: Data from a nationwide birth cohort study, the Japan Environment and Children's study (JECS), up to one month of postpartum were analyzed...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353144/comparing-the-administration-of-letrozole-and-megestrol-acetate-in-the-treatment-of-women-with-simple-endometrial-hyperplasia-without-atypia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Sanam Moradan, Niaz Nikkhah, Majid Mirmohammadkhanai
INTRODUCTION: The present study was conducted as a pilot to compare the therapeutic effects and the potential side effects of oral Megestrol acetate and Letrozole in the treatment of simple hyperplasia in perimenopausal women. METHODS: The participants of this randomized clinical trial consisted of two groups of 25 women aged 44-50 presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding diagnosed with simple endometrial hyperplasia without cytologic atypia confirmed by transvaginal ultrasonography and biopsy...
March 28, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348905/treatment-of-endometrial-cancer-in-association-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#16
Asama Vanichtantikul, Ekkasit Tharavichitkul, Imjai Chitapanarux, Orawee Chinthakanan
Background. Uterine malignancy coexistent with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is uncommon and standardized treatment is not established. The objective of this case study was to highlight the management of endometrial cancer in association with pelvic organ prolapse. Case Report. An 87-year-old woman presented with POP Stage IV combined with endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus: clinical Stage IV B. She had multiple medical conditions including stroke, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. She was treated with radiotherapy and pessary was placed...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326746/histopathological-evaluation-of-intrauterine-polyps-and-scrapings-of-the-uterine-cavity-in-women-with-endometrial-polyp-described-in-ultrasound
#17
Malgorzata Radowicka, Ewa Legutowska, Malgorzata Gajewska, Miroslaw Wielgos
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyze the histopathology results of polyps removed and scrapings taken from the uterus in women, in whom ultrasound described endometrial polyp. METHODS: The study included 412 patients whose ultrasound described endometrial polyp in the uterine cavity. The material obtained during hysteroscopy or curettage of the uterine cavity were subjected to the histological evaluation. The study group was divided into two subgroups depending on the presence of symptoms...
December 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318358/assessing-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-are-physicians-taking-a-meaningful-clinical-history
#18
Christina Lam, Britta Anderson, Vrishali Lopes, Jay Schulkin, Kristen Matteson
INTRODUCTION: Women with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) report significant reductions in quality of life (QOL), which can be attributed in many cases to the fear of embarrassing episodes of bleeding. We performed this study to determine whether or not during clinical encounters physicians addressed the impact of AUB on patient-reported QOL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2008 and May 2009, we conducted a cross-sectional study of members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301630/translation-and-validation-of-the-uterine-fibroid-symptom-and-quality-of-life-ufs-qol-questionnaire-for-the-brazilian-portuguese-language
#19
Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito, Daniela Alves Malzone-Lott, Mayra Fernanda Sandoval Fagundes, Pedro Sérgio Magnani, Mariana Alves Fernandes Arouca, Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Antônio Alberto Nogueira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Uterine fibroids (UF), also known as leiomyomas, are the most prevalent gynecological tumors. The Uterine Fibroid Symptoms and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) is the only specific questionnaire that assesses symptom intensity and quality-of-life issues for women with symptomatic UF; however, it only exists in the English language. Thus, we aimed to translate and culturally validate the UFS-QOL questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese language. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, FMRP-USP...
March 13, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292449/the-treatment-of-dysmenorrhea
#20
REVIEW
Sheryl A Ryan
Menstrual disorders and abnormal uterine bleeding are common concerns of young women. Complaints include menses that are: too painful (dysmenorrhea), absent or occur irregularly (amenorrhea or oligoamenorrhea), or prolonged and heavy (menorrhagia, or excessive uterine bleeding). In providing optimal reproductive care, the medical provider must be able to distinguish between normal developmental patterns or symptoms requiring education and reassurance from pathologic conditions requiring prompt assessment and treatment...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
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