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Ashley Ariail, Elizabeth Carpenter, Twyala Smith, Briana Sacco
Eating disorders are prevalent in the pediatric population yet underdiagnosed by pediatric health care professionals. The gold standard of care consists of a multidisciplinary team approach including a therapist, registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN), and psychiatrist, combined with family-centered treatment. Although families do not cause eating disorders, they are essential to a child's recovery from an eating disorder. Psychoeducation, supportive limit setting, processing relational dynamics, and externalizing the eating disorder are therapeutic interventions used in the treatment of an eating disorder...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Cynthia L Endrizal, Marie Kainoa Fialkowski, Jim Davis, Sarah Yuan, Rachel Novotny, Treena Wasonti Io Delormier, Beatriz Rodriguez
The Pacific Island region is geographically the most isolated region in the world representing a diverse population of indigenous peoples, migrated groups and new-comers. Rates of chronic disease are predominately high in populations identified as Pacific Islander. The practice of dietetics, defined as nutrition education for the prevention of disease and medical nutrition therapy for the treatment of chronic diseases, proves challenging with the unique cultural diversity in the region. There is a need to describe dietetics practice, populations served, and needs for resources identified by nutrition-related topic and cultural relevance for Registered Dietitian Nutritionists in the Pacific Island region...
June 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Silvia M García, Claudio González, Enzo Rucci, Cintia Ambrosino, Julia Vidal, Gabriel Fantuzzi, Mariana Prestes, Peter Kronsbein
INTRODUCTION: Several instruments developed to assess dietary intake of groups or populations have strengths and weaknesses that affect their specific application. No self-administered, closed-ended dietary survey was previously used in Argentina to assess current food and nutrient intake on a daily basis. OBJECTIVE: To design and validate a self-administered, structured food record (NutriQuid, NQ) representative of the adult Argentine population's food consumption pattern to measure individual energy and nutrient intake...
June 5, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
Kristen K Hicks-Roof, Karen Beathard
Formal mentoring programs for dietetics students are limited, a critical gap in student application of learning. The educational program evaluated in this study was a structured project-based mentorship program between registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) and students in a didactic program in dietetics (DPD). There were 57 participants in our two-semester program, launched between a large university and a local dietetic association. The program resulted in high satisfaction ratings and strong interest in participating in the future program due to a reported increase in knowledge of concepts in the dietetics field from mentors and mentees involved...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Brittani Clark, Melissa Froh, Elizabeth Polzin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Kristen Bodner, Salvatore D'Amico, Man Luo, Elizabeth Sommers, Laura Goldstein, Caitlin Neri, Paula Gardiner
PURPOSE: This project assesses the prevalence of integrative medicine (IM) in pediatric pain clinics (PPCs) across the United States. METHODS: PPCs were identified through the American Pain Society and cross referenced through the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). A cross-sectional review using each PPC's website was then utilized for further information. We collected data regarding each program's target population, non-profit status (where non-profits were designated as hospitals that do not operate for-profit purpose, and private as institutions receiving private funding), location, services provided and participating providers...
June 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Katherine Elizabeth Black, Alistair David Black, Dane Baker, Kirsty Fairbairn
There is limited research studying fluid and electrolyte balance in rugby union players, and a paucity of information regarding the test-retest reliability. This study describes the fluid balance of elite rugby union players across multiple squads and the reliability of fluid balance measures between two equivalent training sessions. Sixty-one elite rugby players completed a single fluid balance testing session during a game simulation training session. A subsample of 21 players completed a second fluid balance testing session during an equivalent training session...
May 28, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Lauren Williams, Katherine S Rhodes, Wahida Karmally, Lori A Welstead, Lori Alexander, Lindsey Sutton
BACKGROUND: Familial chylomicronemia syndrome (FCS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with loss of function mutations of lipoprotein lipase resulting in hypertriglyceridemia and accumulation of chylomicrons in plasma, often leading to acute pancreatitis. The mainstay of treatment is a specialized very-low-fat diet. Even adhering to the diet, some patients may experience high triglycerides and pancreatitis. There currently are no comprehensive dietary guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To report best practices and develop comprehensive dietary guidelines for nutrition therapy in patients with FCS...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
William J Murphy, Martin M Yadrick, Alison L Steiber, Vishnu Mohan, Constantina Papoutsakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Nathalia Costa Gonzaga Saraiva, Carla Campos Muniz Medeiros, Thelma Leite de Araujo
OBJECTIVE: to validate the content and appearance of a serial album for children aged from 7 to 10 years addressing the topic of prevention and control of body weight. METHOD: methodological study with descriptive nature. The validation process was attended by 33 specialists in educational technologies and/or in excess of infantile weight. The agreement index of 80% was the minimum considered to guarantee the validation of the material. RESULTS: most of the specialists had a doctoral degree and a graduate degree in nursing...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Walter Masson, Emiliano Rossi, Daniel Siniawski, Juan Damonte, Ana Halsband, Ramiro Barolo, Miguel Scaramal
INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic management of severe hypertriglyceridaemia represents a clinical challenge. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were 1) to identify the clinical characteristics of patients with severe hypertriglyceridaemia, and 2) to analyse the treatment established by the physicians in each case. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out using the computerised medical records of all patients>18 years of age with a blood triglyceride level≥1,000mg/dL between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2016...
May 19, 2018: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza, Nadinne Lívia Silva de Melo, Franciely Albuquerque Silva, Erika Morganna Neves Araujo
The National School Food Program (PNAE) constitutes an important strategy for the promotion of healthy eating. The objective was to perform a brief analysis of evaluative research on the PNAE. It involved a search of the literature from 2010 to 2015 in the Bireme and Scielo databases. Twelve articles were selected linked to the area, eight of which analyzed the insertion of the nutritionist in the PNAE; seven, to buy food from family farms; five, the implementation of School Food Councils; five, the compilation of menus; and four, funding destined for the PNAE...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Shengfa F Liao, Martin Nyachoti
To maintain a healthy gut is definitely key for a pig to digest and absorb dietary nutrients efficiently. A balanced microbiota (i.e., a healthy micro-ecosystem) is an indispensable constituent of a healthy gut. Probiotics, the live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer good health benefits onto the host, are a category of feed additives that can be used to replenish the gut microbial population while recuperating the host immune system. Besides their antitoxin and diarrhea reduction effects, dietary supplementation of probiotics can improve gut health, nutrient digestibilities and, therefore, benefit nutrient utilization and growth performance of pigs...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
Charles L Hofacre, John A Smith, Greg F Mathis
The future poultry nutritionist, veterinarian, and husbandryman will have many new regulatory requirements and consumer preferences to navigate in addition to their normal responsibility of raising birds in a cost-efficient and wholesome manner. New challenges include changes to antibiotic use, increased food safety regulations, and more concern over how birds are raised and how to dispose of poultry house waste. All of these new programs and new regulations will alter how we have been raising birds for the last 60 years since the inception of the integrated poultry industry...
June 1, 2018: Poultry Science
Claire Blennerhassett, Lars R McNaughton, Lorcan Cronin, S Andy Sparks
The nutritional intake of ultra-endurance athletes is often poorly matched with the requirements of the sport. Nutrition knowledge is a mediating factor to food choice that could correct such imbalances. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire to assess the nutrition knowledge of ultra-endurance athletes. Nutritional knowledge was assessed using a modified sports nutrition questionnaire (ULTRA-Q). Four independent assessors with specialist sports nutrition knowledge confirmed the content validity of the ULTRA-Q...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
E Barba-Vidal, S M Martín-Orúe, L Castillejos
Intensive farming may involve the use of diets, environments or management practices that impose physiological and psychological stressors on the animals. In particular, early weaning is nowadays a common practice to increase the productive yield of pig farms. Still, it is considered one of the most critical periods in swine production, where piglet performance can be seriously affected and where they are predisposed to the overgrowth of opportunistic pathogens. Pig producers nowadays face the challenge to overcome this situation in a context of increasing restrictions on the use of antibiotics in animal production...
May 3, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Julia Bertoldi, Aline Ferreira, Luiza Scancetti, Patricia Padilha
Background: Quality indicators for nutritional therapy (QINT) are important in assessing care and monitoring of resources. Among the 30 indicators proposed by International Life Sciences Institute, Brazil, there is still no evaluation of the most pertinent for Pediatrics. Objective: To list the 10 main quality indicators for nutritional therapies (QINTs) for Pediatrics. Methods: This was a two-phase cross-sectional study. Firstly, a questionnaire was answered by physicians, nutritionists, nurses, and pharmacists, all with having experience in nutritional therapy (NT) with Pediatrics, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
2018: PeerJ
Bruna M Giglio, João F Mota, Benjamin T Wall, Gustavo Duarte Pimentel
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is commonly linked to muscle weakness and metabolic abnormalities which increase healthcare costs. The study was undertaken to investigate if low handgrip strength, as a marker of muscle weakness, is associated with hyperglycemia and/or DM in Brazilian subjects. In a cross-sectional design, 415 individuals of both sexes (46.7% male) were interviewed by a questionnaire and the DM diagnostic was self-reported. Anthropometric measurements, such as weight, height, body mass index (BMI), arm circumference, mid-arm and calf circumference and handgrip strength, were obtained by trained nutritionists...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
Bradley Leech, Janet Schloss, Amie Steel
BACKGROUND: This study aims to explore the conditions complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) practitioners associate with increased intestinal permeability (IP) and the methods they employ to assess IP. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of naturopaths, nutritionists and Western herbal medicine practitioners was undertaken (n = 227) through the Practitioner Research and Collaboration Initiative (PRACI) network. RESULTS: CIM practitioners (n = 36, response rate 15...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Patricia Davidson, Tamara Ross, Chimene Castor
There are 30.3 million people with diabetes and 86 million with prediabetes in the United States, underscoring the growing need for comprehensive diabetes care and nutrition for the management of diabetes and diabetes-related conditions. Management of diabetes is also critical for the prevention of diabetes-related complications such as cardiovascular and renal disease. The Diabetes Care and Education Dietetic Practice Group along with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Management Committee have updated the Standards of Practice (SOP) and Standards of Professional Performance (SOPP) for Registered Dietitian Nutritionists (RDNs) in Diabetes Care...
May 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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