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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233502/is-there-an-association-between-artificial-sweetener-consumption-and-in-vitro-reproduction-outcomes
#1
Amanda Souza Setti, Daniela Paes de Almeida Ferreira Braga, Gabriela Halpern, Rita de Cássia S Figueira, Assumpto Iaconelli, Edson Borges
Previous studies have suggested an association between high intake of sweetened beverages and a number of adverse health outcomes. In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the association between daily consumption of sweetened soft drinks or coffee and the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. Patients (n = 524) were interviewed by a nutritionist before ICSI treatment, using a food frequency questionnaire. Regression analysis showed that consumption of ≥3 servings of regular soft drinks or any amount of diet soft drinks was associated with oocyte dysmorphism, diminished embryo quality on days 2 and 3 of culture, and a mild effect on blastocyst formation, implantation and pregnancy rate...
November 28, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226832/the-current-treatment-landscape-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-adults-in-hong-kong-consensus-statements
#2
J Cy Wu, A Oo Chan, Y W Chan, G Cl Cheung, T K Cheung, A Cp Kwan, V Ks Leung, A Dp Mak, W C Sze, R Wong
OBJECTIVE: The estimated prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome in Hong Kong is 6.6%. With the increasing availability of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, the Hong Kong Advisory Council on Irritable Bowel Syndrome has developed a set of consensus statements intended to serve as local recommendations for clinicians about diagnosis and management of irritable bowel syndrome. PARTICIPANTS: A multidisciplinary group of clinicians constituting the Hong Kong Advisory Council on Irritable Bowel Syndrome-seven gastroenterologists, one clinical psychologist, one psychiatrist, and one nutritionist-convened on 20 April 2017 in Hong Kong...
December 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214669/tooth-loss-and-its-relationship-with-protein-intake-by-elderly-brazilians-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#3
Rafael A Bomfim, Luciana B de Souza, José E Corrente
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at assessing the relationship between self-perceived tooth loss and wearing dentures, on the one hand, and the consumption of protein, on the other hand, among the elderly population of Botucatu, SP. Food consumption tends to decrease with ageing, especially protein intake, and one of the causes could be the precariousness of oral health. Several risk factors associated with deficient dietary protein intake have been identified, namely greater physical dependence, reduced caloric intake and food insecurity, but no studies have analysed whether tooth loss and prostheses interfere with protein intake...
December 7, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202163/amount-of-genetics-education-is-low-among-didactic-programs-in-dietetics
#4
Kaitlan Beretich, Janet Pope, Dawn Erickson, Angela Kennedy
Nutritional genomics is a growing area of research. Research has shown registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) have limited knowledge of genetics. Limited research is available regarding how didactic programs in dietetics (DPDs) meet the genetics knowledge requirement of the Accreditation Council for Education in Nutrition and Dietetics (ACEND®). The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the study of nutritional genomics is incorporated into undergraduate DPDs in response to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics position statement on nutritional genomics...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198843/how-do-i-know-whether-it-is-an-ethical-issue-helping-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-identify-ethical-issues-in-practice
#5
Mindy Beth Nelkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198210/sustainable-diet-policy-development-implications-of-multi-criteria-and-other-approaches-2008-2017
#6
Tim Lang, Pamela Mason
The objective of the present paper is to draw lessons from policy development on sustainable diets. It considers the emergence of sustainable diets as a policy issue and reviews the environmental challenge to nutrition science as to what a 'good' diet is for contemporary policy. It explores the variations in how sustainable diets have been approached by policy-makers. The paper considers how international United Nations and European Union (EU) policy engagement now centres on the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Climate Change Accord, which require changes across food systems...
December 4, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196872/seleno-compounds-and-carnosic-acid-added-to-diets-with-rapeseed-and-fish-oils-affect-concentrations-of-selected-elements-and-chemical-composition-in-the-liver-heart-and-muscles-of-lambs
#7
Marian Czauderna, Anna Ruszczyńska, Ewa Bulska, Katarzyna Agnieszka Krajewska
The objective of our studies was to investigate effects of carnosic acid (CA), selenized yeast (SeY) and selenate (SeVI) added to the diet including rapeseed oil (RO) and fish oil (FO) on concentrations of elements, fatty acids (FAs), tocopherols, cholesterol, and malondialdehyde in the liver, heart, musculus longissimus dorsi (MLD), and musculus biceps femoris (MBF) of lambs. Lambs were fed diets: group I-the basal diet (BD) with RO; group II-BD with RO and FO; group III-BD with RO, FO, and CA; group IV-BD with RO, FO, CA, and SeY; group V-BD with RO, FO, CA, and SeVI...
December 2, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186164/a-retrospective-matched-cohort-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-feeding-tubes-on-nutritional-status-and-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-gastroesophageal-malignancies-undergoing-systemic-anti-cancer-therapy
#8
Scott Mitchell, John P Williams, Harsimrandeep Bhatti, Toufic Kachaamy, Jeffrey Weber, Glen J Weiss
BACKGROUND: Many patients with cancer or other systemic illnesses can experience malnutrition. One way to mitigate malnutrition is by insertion of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding tube (PEG tube). The goal of this retrospective matched cohort study is to evaluate if PEG tube placement improved nutritional status and overall survival (OS) in advanced gastroesophageal (GE) cancer patients who are undergoing anti-neoplastic therapy. METHODS: GE cancer patients who were treated and evaluated by a nutritionist and had at least 2 nutritionist follow-up visits were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182403/long-distance-triathletes-intentions-to-manipulate-energy-and-macronutrient-intake-over-a-training-macrocycle
#9
Hani Kopetschny, David Rowlands, David Popovich, Jasmine Thomson
This study explored the information sources long-distance triathletes used to inform their training and nutrition plans, and evaluated these plans over a training macrocycle. Seventy-four long-distance triathletes completed the online survey. Coaches were the most popular training information source (69%), whereas non-professional sources (internet 65%, other athletes 53%) were more popular than nutritionists (29%) for nutrition information. Attributes valued most in an information source were: source prior personal experience, individualised advice, breadth of knowledge, and credibility...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182277/the-overall-content-of-salicylic-acid-and-salicylates-in-food-available-on-the-european-market
#10
Paulina Katarzyna Kęszycka, Michał Szkop, Danuta Gajewska
The study aimed to determine the salicylates content in 112 products available on the European market. Quantitative determination of free and conjugated forms of salicylic acid (SA) in food was performed using reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with fluorescence detection. The salicylates contents ranged from 0 to 1675.79 (µg/100 g). The results of this study confirm the presence of salicylates in food products, as well as a broad content diversity of these compounds depending on the species, variety and method of processing of food items...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173835/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-standards-of-practice-in-nutrition-care-and-standards-of-professional-performance-for-registered-dietitian-nutritionists
#11
Denise Andersen, Shari Baird, Tracey Bates, Denise L Chapel, Alana D Cline, Shyamala N Ganesh, Margaret Garner, Barbara L Grant, Kathryn K Hamilton, Krista Jablonski, Sherri L Jones, Alexandra G Kazaks, Susan H Konek, Kelly K Leonard, Kimi G McAdam, Beth N Ogata, Egondu M Onuoha, Gretchen Y Robinson, Darrin W Schmidt, Nancy G Walters, Pauline Williams, Pamela Wu, Karen Hui, Carol Gilmore, Mujahed Khan, Dana Buelsing, Sharon M McCauley
Registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) face complex situations every day. Competently addressing the unique needs of each situation and applying standards appropriately are essential to providing safe, timely, patient-/client-/customer-centered, quality nutrition and dietetics care and services. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) leads the profession by developing standards that can be used by RDNs (who are credentialed by the Commission on Dietetic Registration) for self-evaluation to assess quality of practice and performance...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173834/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-scope-of-practice-for-the-registered-dietitian-nutritionist
#12
Denise Andersen, Shari Baird, Tracey Bates, Denise L Chapel, Alana D Cline, Shyamala N Ganesh, Margaret Garner, Barbara L Grant, Kathryn K Hamilton, Krista Jablonski, Sherri L Jones, Alexandra G Kazaks, Susan H Konek, Kelly K Leonard, Kimi G McAdam, Beth N Ogata, Egondu M Onuoha, Gretchen Y Robinson, Darrin W Schmidt, Nancy G Walters, Pauline Williams, Pamela Wu, Karen Hui, Carol Gilmore, Mujahed Khan, Dana Buelsing, Sharon M McCauley
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) is the world's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals and the association that represents credentialed nutrition and dietetics practitioners-registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) and nutrition and dietetics technicians, registered (NDTRs). RDNs integrate research, professional development, and practice to stimulate innovation and discovery; collaborate to solve the greatest food and nutrition challenges now and in the future; focus on systemswide impact across the food, wellness, and health sectors; have a global impact in eliminating all forms of malnutrition; and amplify the contribution of nutrition and dietetics practitioners and expand workforce capacity and capability...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173349/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-food-insecurity-in-the-united-states
#13
David H Holben, Michelle Berger Marshall
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that systematic and sustained action is needed to achieve food and nutrition security in the United States. To achieve food security, effective interventions are needed, along with adequate funding for, and increased utilization of, food and nutrition assistance programs; inclusion of nutrition education in such programs; strategies to support individual and household economic stability; and research to measure impact on food insecurity- and health-related outcomes...
December 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158725/nutritional-supplement-practices-of-professional-ugandan-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Haruna Muwonge, Robert Zavuga, Peninnah Aligawesa Kabenge, Timothy Makubuya
Background: The use of nutritional supplements (NS) places athletes at great risk for inadvertent doping. Due to the paucity of data on supplement use, this study aimed to determine the proportion of Ugandan athletes using nutritional supplements and to investigate the athletes' motivation to use these supplements. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which an interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 359 professional athletes participating in individual (boxing, cycling, athletics) and team (basketball, rugby, football, netball, and volleyball) sports...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156608/fatty-acids-antioxidants-and-physical-activity-in-brain-aging
#15
REVIEW
Hércules Rezende Freitas, Gustavo da Costa Ferreira, Isis Hara Trevenzoli, Karen de Jesus Oliveira, Ricardo Augusto de Melo Reis
Polyunsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants are important mediators in the central nervous system. Lipid derivatives may control the production of proinflammatory agents and regulate NF-κB activity, microglial activation, and fatty acid oxidation; on the other hand, antioxidants, such as glutathione and ascorbate, have been shown to signal through transmitter receptors and protect against acute and chronic oxidative stress, modulating the activity of different signaling pathways. Several authors have investigated the role of these nutrients in the brains of the young and the aged in degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, and during brain aging due to adiposity- and physical inactivity-mediated metabolic disturbances, chronic inflammation, and oxidative stress...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153519/invited-review-practical-feeding-management-recommendations-to-mitigate-the-risk-of-subacute-ruminal-acidosis-in-dairy-cattle
#16
E Humer, R M Petri, J R Aschenbach, B J Bradford, G B Penner, M Tafaj, K-H Südekum, Q Zebeli
Rumen health is of vital importance in ensuring healthy and efficient dairy cattle production. Current feeding programs for cattle recommend concentrate-rich diets to meet the high nutritional needs of cows during lactation and enhance cost-efficiency. These diets, however, can impair rumen health. The term "subacute ruminal acidosis" (SARA) is often used as a synonym for poor rumen health. In this review, we first describe the physiological demands of cattle for dietary physically effective fiber. We also provide background information on the importance of enhancing salivary secretions and short-chain fatty acid absorption across the stratified squamous epithelium of the rumen; thus, preventing the disruption of the ruminal acid-base balance, a process that paves the way for acidification of the rumen...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136485/evaluating-the-impact-of-training-in-obesity-prevention-methods-on-the-counseling-knowledge-and-skills-of-wic-nutritionists-in-georgia-2014-2015
#17
Wendy Palmer, Danielle Henderson, Barbara Stahnke, Katherine Shary, Trisha Hardy, Jean A Welsh
OBJECTIVES: Motivational interviewing, a client-centered intervention method focused on enhancing intrinsic motivation for behavior change, shows a positive impact on children's weight status (ie, stabilizing or slowing down weight gain as a child grows). We evaluated the impact of a training program on knowledge and adoption of evidence-based obesity prevention counseling strategies among counselors from Georgia's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114984/the-accuracy-and-consistency-of-nutrition-care-process-terminology-use-in-cases-of-refeeding-syndrome
#18
Kylie L Matthews, Michelle A Palmer, Sandra M Capra
AIM: Using standardised terminology in acute care has encouraged consistency in patient care and the evaluation of outcomes. As such, the Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) may assist dietitian nutritionists in the delivery of high quality nutrition care worldwide; however, limited research has been conducted examining the consistency and accuracy of its use. We aimed to examine the NCPT that dietitian nutritionists would use to formulate a diagnostic statement relating to refeeding syndrome (RFS)...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111089/benefits-barriers-and-motivators-to-training-dietetic-interns-in-clinical-settings-a-comparison-between-preceptors-and-nonpreceptors
#19
Rayane AbuSabha, Colette Muller, Jacqueline MacLasco, Mary George, Erica Houghton, Alison Helm
BACKGROUND: The shortage of supervised practice sites in dietetics is associated with fewer numbers of preceptors available to supervise interns, especially in the clinical setting. OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical dietitians' perceived benefits and challenges of training dietetic interns and to determine key motivators that would entice nonpreceptors to volunteer for the role. DESIGN: Registered dietitian nutritionists working in clinical settings completed a semi-structured, audiotaped interview followed by a brief questionnaire...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108370/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-patients-at-first-medical-oncology-visit-the-premio-study
#20
Maurizio Muscaritoli, Simone Lucia, Alessio Farcomeni, Vito Lorusso, Valeria Saracino, Carlo Barone, Francesca Plastino, Stefania Gori, Roberto Magarotto, Giacomo Carteni, Bruno Chiurazzi, Ida Pavese, Luca Marchetti, Vittorina Zagonel, Eleonora Bergo, Giuseppe Tonini, Marco Imperatori, Carmelo Iacono, Luigi Maiorana, Carmine Pinto, Daniela Rubino, Luigi Cavanna, Roberto Di Cicilia, Teresa Gamucci, Silvia Quadrini, Salvatore Palazzo, Stefano Minardi, Marco Merlano, Giuseppe Colucci, Paolo Marchetti
Background: In cancer patients, malnutrition is associated with treatment toxicity, complications, reduced physical functioning, and decreased survival. The Prevalence of Malnutrition in Oncology (PreMiO) study identified malnutrition or its risk among cancer patients making their first medical oncology visit. Innovatively, oncologists, not nutritionists, evaluated the nutritional status of the patients in this study. Methods: PreMiO was a prospective, observational study conducted at 22 medical oncology centers across Italy...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
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