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Nutritionist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910748/factors-influencing-the-amino-acid-and-peptide-transporter-proteins-mrna-expression-in-avian-species
#1
Bahman Navidshad, Seyed Ziaodin Mirhoseini
The commercial strains of broiler chickens have genetically selected to reach market weight at younger ages. In order to sustain increased growth rate requires an efficient assimilation of nutrients from the intestinal lumen, which is permitted through nutrient assimilation through the enterocytes that is facilitated by many nutrient transporter proteins. These trans-membrane proteins have specific action, well known kinetics and assist in the partitioning of nutrients among tissues. Amino acids are transported across the plasma membrane as free amino acids or short chain peptides through several independent systems encoded by various nutrient transporter gene products, and these systems may act on multiple substrates...
2016: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903953/sociocultural-characteristic-lifestyle-and-metabolic-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-kuwaiti-male-university-students
#2
Maha Al-Sejari
In the past six decades, the Kuwaiti population has been exposed to rapid transformation in the quality of diet intake, daily activities, and career types. This major socioeconomic shift was accompanied by the introduction of both communicable and noncommunicable chronic diseases afflicting people of all ages. This article aims to detect a relationship between sociocultural characteristics-such as physical activity, dietary habits, and smoking-and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 262 male university students in Kuwait; participants were selected by using a convenient nonrandom opportunistic sample...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903092/habitual-intake-of-fermented-milk-products-containing-lactobacillus-casei-strain-shirota-and-a-reduced-risk-of-hypertension-in-older-people
#3
Y Aoyagi, S Park, S Matsubara, Y Honda, R Amamoto, A Kushiro, K Miyazaki, R J Shephard
This study investigated relationships between the frequent intake of fermented milk products containing Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) and the onset of hypertension (resting systemic pressure ≥140 mmHg [systolic]/≥90 mmHg [diastolic], a doctor's diagnosis and/or antihypertensive medicine use) during a 5-year period in 352 communityliving Japanese aged 65 to 93 years (125 men and 227 women). Initially normotensive subjects were divided into two groups (n=254 and n=98) on the basis of their intake of fermented milk products (<3 or ≥3 times/week, respectively), as estimated during an interview by a certified nutritionist...
December 1, 2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896236/the-effect-of-bcaa-and-iso-whey-oral-nutritional-supplements-on-dialysis-adequacy
#4
Effat Afaghi, Ali Tayebi, Abbas Ebadi, Vahid Sobhani, Behzad Einollahi, Mehdi Tayebi
BACKGROUND: Protein-energy malnutrition is a common problem in hemodialysis patients and has different outcomes such as reduced quality of life, longer hospitalization time, lower dialysis adequacy, and higher mortality rate. Investigation of dialysis adequacy is an important method for assessing hemodialysis patients, and improving the dialysis adequacy is an important healthcare team goal. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to investigate and compare the effects of BCAA and ISO-WHEY oral nutritional supplements on dialysis adequacy...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886707/what-strategies-do-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-use-to-assess-a-patient-s-client-s-weight-loss-readiness
#5
Eleese Cunningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857275/the-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-care-team-and-the-role-of-physical-therapy-in-survivor-exercise
#6
Margaret L McNeely, Naomi Dolgoy, Mona Onazi, Kirsten Suderman
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation professionals offer expertise in functional assessment, treatment of impairments and functional limitations, and disability prevention. To optimize recovery, and often prior to participating in community-based exercise programming, survivors may need rehabilitation services from a range of healthcare professionals, including physiatrists, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, and speech, occupational, and physical therapists. OBJECTIVES: Survivors with physical impairments and functional limitations may benefit from interdisciplinary rehabilitation and physical therapy, including tailored therapeutic exercise interventions...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847349/assessing-the-viability-of-social-media-for-disseminating-evidence-based-nutrition-practice-guideline-through-content-analysis-of-twitter-messages-and-health-professional-interviews-an-observational-study
#7
Rosa K Hand, Deric Kenne, Taylor M Wolfram, Jenica K Abram, Michael Fleming
BACKGROUND: Given the high penetration of social media use, social media has been proposed as a method for the dissemination of information to health professionals and patients. This study explored the potential for social media dissemination of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline (EBNPG) for Heart Failure (HF). OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to (1) describe the existing social media content on HF, including message content, source, and target audience, and (2) describe the attitude of physicians and registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) who care for outpatient HF patients toward the use of social media as a method to obtain information for themselves and to share this information with patients...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844319/determination-of-nickel-and-thallium-concentration-in-cynoglossus-arel-fish-in-musa-estuary-persian-gulf-iran
#8
Neamat Jaafarzadeh Haghighi Fard, Ahmad Zare Javid, Maryam Ravanbakhsh, Zahra Ramezani, Mehdi Ahmadi, Kambiz Ahmadi Angali, Shirin Ardeshirzadeh
Heavy metals with high bioaccumulation capacity are considered as important contaminants and may be available in high concentrations in environment and biota samples. The main aim of this study was to determine the concentration of nickel and thallium in Cynoglossus arel fish in Musa estuary. Sixty-seven fish samples were collected from Musa estuary during five intervals of 15 days in summer 2013. After biometric measurements, the concentrations of nickel and thallium were measured by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometer...
November 14, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825793/adherence-to-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-is-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Laura J Lutz, Erin Gaffney-Stomberg, Kelly W Williams, Susan M McGraw, Philip J Niro, J Philip Karl, Sonya J Cable, Thomas L Cropper, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010), a measure of diet quality, is used to quantify adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Better HEI scores have been associated with positive health outcomes; however, the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, a mental health attribute for coping with adversity, has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, and the relationship between resilience and demographics, anthropometrics, socioeconomic status, and health behavior...
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804896/investigating-cholesterol-metabolism-and-ageing-using-a-systems-biology-approach
#10
A E Morgan, K M Mooney, S J Wilkinson, N A Pickles, M T Mc Auley
CVD accounted for 27 % of all deaths in the UK in 2014, and was responsible for 1·7 million hospital admissions in 2013/2014. This condition becomes increasingly prevalent with age, affecting 34·1 and 29·8 % of males and females over 75 years of age respectively in 2011. The dysregulation of cholesterol metabolism with age, often observed as a rise in LDL-cholesterol, has been associated with the pathogenesis of CVD. To compound this problem, it is estimated by 2050, 22 % of the world's population will be over 60 years of age, in culmination with a growing resistance and intolerance to pre-existing cholesterol regulating drugs such as statins...
November 2, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796846/experiences-of-recovery-in-binge-eating-disorder-a-qualitative-approach-using-online-message-boards
#11
Vanessa M Lord, Wendy Reiboldt, Dariella Gonitzke, Emily Parker, Caitlin Peterson
PURPOSE: In this study, qualitative methods were employed to analyze secondary data from the anonymous postings of a pro-recovery website in an effort to investigate the changes in thinking of binge-eating disorder (BED) sufferers who were able to recover from the disorder, understand more fully how guilt and self-blame affect recovery, and explore the perceived motivators and challenges to recovery. METHOD: 681 messages from 65 participants pertaining to BED were analyzed from January 1, 2014-January 1, 2015 through thematic analysis...
October 31, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790358/study-of-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-city-of-sabzevar
#12
Akram Kooshki, Manidgeh Yousefi Moghaddam, Roya Akbarzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Diet is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for prevention and control of chronic diseases, including breast cancer. This study aimed to determine the fruit and vegetable intake in women with cancer breast in Sabzevar. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 125 women with breast cancer in Sabzevar in 2011. Census sampling was done on volunteers in a visiting home and suspected women referred to the mammography, ultrasound, and radiology clinic in the Sabzevar center for breast cancer...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783041/vitamin-d-and-calcium-intakes-physical-activity-and-calcaneus-bmc-among-school-going-13-year-old-malaysian-adolescents
#13
A A Suriawati, Hazreen Abdul Majid, Nabilla Al-Sadat, Mohd Nahar Azmi Mohamed, Muhammad Yazid Jalaludin
BACKGROUND: Dietary calcium and vitamin D are essential for bone development. Apart from diet, physical activity may potentially improve and sustain bone health. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D, physical activity, and bone mineral content (BMC) in 13-year-old Malaysian adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Selected public secondary schools from the central and northern regions of Peninsular Malaysia...
October 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780974/mobile-applications-apps-for-obesity-and-weight-management-current-market-characteristics
#14
C K Nikolaou, M E J Lean
mHealth is the fastest-developing eHealth sector, with over 100,000 health-apps currently available. Overweight/obesity is a problem of wide public concern which is potentially treatable/preventable through mHealth. This study describes the current weight-management app-market. Five app-stores (Apple, Google, Amazon, Windows, Blackberry) in UK, US, Russia, Japan, Germany, Italy, France, China, Australia, and Canada were searched for key words: 'weight', 'calorie', 'weight-loss', 'slimming', 'diet', 'dietitian' and 'overweight' in January/February 2016 using App-Annie (San Francisco, CA, USA) software...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778366/the-relationship-between-different-information-sources-and-disease-related-patient-knowledge-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
C P Selinger, I Carbery, V Warren, A F Rehman, C J Williams, S Mumtaz, H Bholah, R Sood, D J Gracie, P J Hamlin, A C Ford
BACKGROUND: Patient education forms a cornerstone of management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The Internet has opened new avenues for information gathering. AIM: To determine the relationship between different information sources and patient knowledge and anxiety in patients with IBD. METHODS: The use of information sources in patients with IBD was examined via questionnaire. Anxiety was assessed with the hospital anxiety and depression scale and disease-related patient knowledge with the Crohn's and colitis knowledge score questionnaires...
January 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745590/nutrition-recommendations-in-pregnancy-and-lactation
#16
REVIEW
Michelle A Kominiarek, Priya Rajan
The nutritional status of a woman during pregnancy and lactation is not only critical for her health but for future generations. Although a nutritionist or registered dietitian can help facilitate dietary counseling and interventions, physicians also need to be cognizant of nutritional needs during pregnancy because they differ significantly compared with nonpregnant populations. Furthermore, an individualized approach to nutritional counseling that considers a woman's nutritional status and body mass index is recommended...
November 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743977/clinical-management-of-pregnancy-in-the-obese-mother-before-conception-during-pregnancy-and-post-partum
#17
REVIEW
Ronald Ching Wan Ma, Maria Ines Schmidt, Wing Hung Tam, Harold David McIntyre, Patrick M Catalano
The global epidemic of obesity has led to an increasing number of obese women of reproductive age. Obesity is associated with reduced fertility, and pregnancies complicated by maternal obesity are associated with adverse outcomes, including increased risk of gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, preterm birth, instrumental and caesarean births, infections, and post-partum haemorrhage. The medical and obstetric management of obese women is focused on identifying, addressing, and preventing some of these associated complications, and is a daunting challenge given the high percentage of patients with obesity and few therapeutic options proven to improve outcomes in this population...
December 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743666/vitamin-d-status-of-dairy-cattle-outcomes-of-current-practices-in-the-dairy-industry
#18
Corwin D Nelson, John D Lippolis, Timothy A Reinhardt, Randy E Sacco, Jessi L Powell, Mary E Drewnoski, Matthew O'Neil, Donald C Beitz, William P Weiss
The need for vitamin D supplementation of dairy cattle has been known for the better part of the last century and is well appreciated by dairy producers and nutritionists. Whether current recommendations and practices for supplemental vitamin D are meeting the needs of dairy cattle, however, is not well known. The vitamin D status of animals is reliably indicated by the concentration of the 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] metabolite in serum or plasma, with a concentration of 30 ng/mL proposed as a lower threshold for sufficiency...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735055/overweight-in-epilepsy-as-a-risk-factor-for-pregnancy-and-delivery-complications
#19
Eivind Kolstad, Gyri Veiby, Nils Erik Gilhus, Marte Bjørk
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether prepregnancy overweight in women with epilepsy increases their risk for complications during pregnancy and delivery. METHODS: This study is based on The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. A diagnosis of epilepsy was reported in 706 pregnancies. Overweight was defined as body mass index ≥ 25 prepregnancy. Overweight women with epilepsy (n = 259) were compared to normal-weight women with epilepsy (n = 416), and to women without epilepsy with and without overweight (n = 30,516 and n = 67,977, respectively)...
November 2016: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720028/a-bayesian-micro-simulation-to-evaluate-the-cost-effectiveness-of-interventions-for-mastitis-control-during-the-dry-period-in-uk-dairy-herds
#20
P M Down, A J Bradley, J E Breen, W J Browne, T Kypraios, M J Green
Importance of the dry period with respect to mastitis control is now well established although the precise interventions that reduce the risk of acquiring intramammary infections during this time are not clearly understood. There are very few intervention studies that have measured the clinical efficacy of specific mastitis interventions within a cost-effectiveness framework so there remains a large degree of uncertainty about the impact of a specific intervention and its costeffectiveness. The aim of this study was to use a Bayesian framework to investigate the cost-effectiveness of mastitis controls during the dry period...
October 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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