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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020456/the-management-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-nutritional-viewpoint
#1
Marco Gallo, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Genoveffa Pizza, Rosaria Maddalena Ruggeri, Luigi Barrea, Antongiulio Faggiano, Annamaria Colao
Nutritional status in patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NETs), especially of gastroenteropancreatic origin, can be deeply affected by excessive production of gastrointestinal hormones, peptides, and amines, which can lead to malabsorption, diarrhoea, steatorrhea, and altered gastrointestinal motility. Besides, the surgical and/or medical management of NETs can lead to alteration of gastrointestinal secretory, motor, and absorptive functions, with both dietary and nutritional consequences. Indeed, disease-related malnutrition is a frequently encountered yet both underrecognized and understudied clinical phenomenon in patients with NETs, with substantial prognostic and socioeconomic consequences...
October 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019520/feelings-and-perceptions-of-women-recovering-from-anorexia-nervosa-regarding-their-eating-behavior
#2
Nathalia Petry, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos, Larissa da Cunha Feio Costa
According to the phenomenological approach, observing a phenomenon through the perspective of those who lived it may be necessary to acquire fully comprehension of it. Therefore, to fully understand the eating behavior during anorexia nervosa and during its recovery, this study investigated individual perceptions and feelings of three women recovering from anorexia nervosa. This study is characterized as a qualitative research with phenomenological approach. The data were collected through interviews and analyzed following steps proposed by phenomenology researchers...
October 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958344/medical-nutrition-therapy-and-weight-loss-questions-for-the-evidence-analysis-library-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-project-systematic-reviews
#3
REVIEW
Hollie A Raynor, Patricia G Davidson, Heather Burns, Micki D Hall Nadelson, Shelley Mesznik, Virginia Uhley, Lisa Moloney
BACKGROUND: Eleven recommendations, based on systematic reviews, were developed for the Evidence Analysis Library's prevention of type 2 diabetes project. Two recommendations, medical nutrition therapy (MNT) and weight loss, were rated strong. OBJECTIVE: Present the basis of systematic reviews for MNT and weight loss recommendations. METHODS: Literature searches using Medline were conducted to identify studies that met eligibility criteria...
October 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958202/service-quality-in-public-health-clinics-perceptions-of-users-and-health-professionals
#4
Domingos Fernandes Campos, Rinaldo Bezerra Negromonte Filho, Felipe Nalon Castro
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the expectations and quality gaps in services provided at city public health clinics in the city of Natal, Brazil, from the perspective of patients and healthcare service providers. Design/methodology/approach The research sample consisted of 1,200 patients who used public health services and 265 providers - doctors, nutritionists, physiotherapists, psychologists, pharmacists and managers at three health clinics in the city of Natal, Brazil. A scale with 25 health service attributes was used in data collection...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953827/a-prospective-study-of-short-term-outcomes-of-a-residential-programme-for-the-morbidly-obese-in-malta
#5
Anton Grech, Darleen Spiteri Zerafa, Kate Mchedlishvili
Obesity is a worldwide problem, and Malta is no exception. In Malta, a Foundation was established to address weight problems amongst the population, and this initiative included the opening in 2014 of an 8-week residential programme for morbidly obese patients. This multidisciplinary programme is managed and coordinated by a team consisting of doctors, psychiatrists, nurses, physiotherapist, psychologists, dietitian, nutritionists and occupational therapists. This team guides residents towards adopting a healthier lifestyle, rather than focusing solely on food intake...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943061/nutritional-strategies-in-ruminants-a-lifetime-approach
#6
REVIEW
Joseph McGrath, Stéphane M Duval, Luis F M Tamassia, Maik Kindermann, René T Stemmler, Vinícius N de Gouvea, Tiago S Acedo, Irmgard Immig, Scot N Williams, Pietro Celi
This review examines the role of nutritional strategies to improve lifetime performance in ruminants. Strategies to increase ruminants' productive longevity by means of nutritional interventions provide the opportunity not only to increase their lifetime performances and their welfare, but also to decrease their environmental impact. This paper will also address how such nutritional interventions can increase herd efficiency and farm profitability. The key competencies reviewed in this article are redox balance, skeletal development and health, nutrient utilization and sustainability, which includes rearing ruminants without antibiotics and methane mitigation...
September 12, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938517/green-tea-camellia-sinensis-and-l-theanine-medicinal-values-and-beneficial-applications-in-humans-a-comprehensive-review
#7
REVIEW
Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Naveed, Muhammad Arif, Mohib Ullah Kakar, Robina Manzoor, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mahmoud Alagawany, Ruchi Tiwari, Rekha Khandia, Ashok Munjal, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Maryam Dadar, Chao Sun
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a famous herb, and its extract has been extensively used in traditional Chinese medicinal system. In this context, several studies have revealed its health benefits and medicinal potentialities for several ailments. With ever increasing scientific knowledge, search for safer, potential and novel type of health-related supplements quest, scientists are re-directing their research interests to explore natural resources i.e. medicinal herbs/plant derived compounds. Green tea consumption has gained a special attention and popularity in the modern era of changing lifestyle...
September 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930566/homeostatic-regulation-of-plasma-amino-acid-concentrations
#8
Shengfa F Liao, Naresh Regmi, Guoyao Wu
One major goal of nutrition is to maximize the rate of muscle protein gain via provision of amino acids (AAs) through blood plasma. Comparing the plasma AA concentrations with the growth performance data can help to elucidate the metabolic mechanisms regulating plasma AA homeostasis, nutrient utilization, and intracellular protein turnover. Knowledge about the homeostatic regulation of plasma AA profile can aid in predicting dietary AA availabilities, the order of limiting AAs, and the whole body protein metabolism...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905462/referrals-to-dietitians-nutritionists-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-australian-gp-registrars-clinical-practice
#9
Katie J Mulquiney, Amanda Tapley, Mieke L van Driel, Simon Morgan, Andrew R Davey, Kim M Henderson, Neil A Spike, Rohan H Kerr, Jane F Watson, Nigel F Catzikiris, Parker J Magin
AIM: The present study aimed to describe referral patterns of general practitioner (GP) registrars to dietitians/nutritionists. There is a paucity of research regarding GP referral patterns to dietitians/nutritionists. Limited data show increasing referrals from established GPs to dietitians/nutritionists. There are no data on GP registrar (trainee) referrals. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Registrar Clinical Encounters in Training (ReCEnT) study...
September 14, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900454/the-effect-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-supplementation-on-anthropometric-indices-and-food-intake-in-patients-who-experienced-stroke-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Vida Mohammadi, Fariborz Khorvash, Awat Feizi, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: Stroke as a devastating condition is a major cause of death worldwide. It is accountable for long-term disability with high personal and social cost in adults. Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is an eight-carbon, sulfur-containing compound with antioxidant properties which reduces body weight, changes other anthropometric indices, and regulates food intake by suppressing appetite and increasing metabolism This study was designed to evaluate the possible effects of ALA supplementation on anthropometric indices and dietary intake in patients with stroke...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894552/status-of-antioxidant-and-homocysteine-lowering-vitamins-related-to-cardiovascular-diseases-in-hemodialysis-patients
#11
Akram Kooshki, Mitra Eftekhari Yazdi, Manidgeh Yousefi Moghaddam, Roya Akbarzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of mortality in hemodialysis patients. Oxidative stress and hyperhomocysteinemia may contribute to an increased risk of CVD. Therefore, we assessed the status of antioxidant and homocysteine-lowering vitamins related to cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients at Vasei hospital in Sabzevar. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled 75 hemodialysis patients by using census method at Vasei Hospital in Sabzevar (Iran) in 2014...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893755/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-online-menu-planning-intervention-to-improve-childcare-service-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-a-study-protocol
#12
Sze Lin Yoong, Alice Grady, John Wiggers, Victoria Flood, Chris Rissel, Meghan Finch, Andrew Searles, David Salajan, Ruby O'Rourke, Jaqueline Daly, Karen Gilham, Fiona Stacey, Alison Fielding, Nicole Pond, Rebecca Wyse, Kirsty Seward, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: The implementation of dietary guidelines in childcare settings is recommended to improve child public health nutrition. However, foods provided in childcare services are not consistent with guidelines. The primary aim of the trial is to assess the effectiveness of a web-based menu planning intervention in increasing the mean number of food groups on childcare service menus that comply with dietary guidelines regarding food provision to children in care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A parallel group randomised controlled trial will be undertaken with 54 childcare services that provide food to children within New South Wales, Australia...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888491/breakfast-eating-habits-among-schoolchildren
#13
Mohammed ALBashtawy
BACKGROUND: A healthy breakfast provides school-age children with the essential nutrients needed for their activities and is correlated with improving a person's general nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of two months in 2015, involving 1798 Jordanian schoolchildren from grade 1 to grade 6. The study data sheet covered the breakfast habits of those children. Descriptive measures and Pearson's chi-square test were computed...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862219/assessment-of-nutritional-status-using-abridged-scored-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-in-cancer-patient
#14
Simin Shahvazi, Shokouh Onvani, Marziyeh Heydari, Valiollah Mehrzad, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Hosseyn Fallahzadeh
CONTEXT: Malnutrition is a common problem among cancer patients, usually occurs due to poor appetite, low food intake, and changes in body metabolism. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients receiving chemotherapy on an outpatient basis. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study conducted on 300 cancer patients referred to hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The prevalence of malnutrition among patients was assessed using the abridged scored patient-generated subjective global assessment (abPG-SGA) standard questionnaire...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859370/management-of-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-after-esophageal-atresia-and-follow-up
#15
J Wang, M Zhang, W Pan, W Wu, W Yan, W Cai
Recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula (rTEF) is a complex complication after the repair of esophageal atresia (EA) and remains a challenge because of difficulties in preoperative management and the substantial rates of mortality and morbidity after reoperation. By reviewing a single institution's experience in the management of rTEF and assessing the outcome, we aimed to provide an optimal approach for managing rTEF and to evaluate growth and feeding problems after reoperations. The medical records of 35 patients with rTEF treated at a single institution from June 2012 to December 2015 were reviewed, and follow-up data were collected from all survivors...
September 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846456/technologies-for-enhancement-of-bioactive-components-and-potential-health-benefits-of-cereal-and-cereal-based-foods-research-advances-and-application-challenges
#16
Ahmed S M Saleh, Peng Wang, Na Wang, Shu Yang, Zhigang Xiao
Cereal grains are a major source of human food and their production has steadily been increased during the last several decades to meet the demand of our increasing world population. The modernized society and the expansion of the cereal food industry created a need for highly efficient processing technologies, especially flour production. Earlier scientific research efforts have led to the invention of the modern steel roller mill, and the refined flour of wheat has become a basic component in most of cereal-based foods such as breads and pastries because of the unique functionality of wheat protein...
August 28, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844891/implementing-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-benchmarks-for-nutrition-education-for-children-child-care-providers-perspectives
#17
Dipti A Dev, Virginia Carraway-Stage, Daniel J Schober, Brent A McBride, Car Mun Kok, Samantha Ramsay
BACKGROUND: National childhood obesity prevention policies recommend that child-care providers educate young children about nutrition to improve their nutrition knowledge and eating habits. Yet, the provision of nutrition education (NE) to children in child-care settings is limited. OBJECTIVE: Using the 2011 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics benchmarks for NE in child care as a guiding framework, researchers assessed child-care providers' perspectives regarding delivery of NE through books, posters, mealtime conversations, hands-on learning, and sensory exploration of foods to young children (aged 2 to 5 years)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820270/second-line-treatment-options-for-pancreatic-cancer
#18
Frank C Passero, Muhammad Wasif Saif
Patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) refractory to first-line therapy have a dismal prognosis and limited therapeutic options, with only one option consisting of nanoliposomal irinotecan in combination with fluorouracil and folinic acid which was approved by FDA based upon results of the phase III NAPOLI-1 study. Areas covered: We performed a literature search for relevant published clinical trials, abstracts of trials in progress and ongoing or planned trials for the second line treatment of APC using Pubmed...
October 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799803/nutrition-inflammation-and-liver-spleen-axis
#19
Luigi Barrea, Carolina Di Somma, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Giovanni Tarantino, Gian Carlo Tenore, Francesco Orio, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
Chronic low-grade systemic inflammation represents a mechanism common to many diseases linked to atherosclerosis-related pathways. There is a growing body of evidence indicating that the combination of food quantity and quality along with genetic susceptibility are able to induce the aberrant activation of innate immune signalling, which initially contributes to chronic low-grade inflammation. Liver represents the central player to inflammatory response. Dietary/metabolic factors contribute to the pathogenesis of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), the main causes of liver disease in the Western world...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779932/blurred-lines-emerging-practice-for-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-in-integrative-and-functional-nutrition
#20
Patricia Grace-Farfaglia, Denise L Pickett-Bernard, Andrea White Gorman, Jaleh Dehpahlavan
BACKGROUND: This study explored the health philosophy and practice orientation of RDNs in the United States. METHODS: A randomly selected group of RDNs were recruited to take an online survey using a reduced version of Integrative Medicine practice (IM-30). Confirmatory factor analysis, analyses of variance, and non-parametric tests were used to investigate the relationships between dietetic professionals' personal health philosophy, lifestyle, and orientation to Integrative Medicine...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
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