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Jessica Wegener, Debbie Fong, Cecilia Rocha
OBJECTIVE: Noting the upstream positioning of sustainable food systems (SFS) to multiple global crises, the present review described examples of emerging and promising practices to support SFS-oriented education, practical training (PT) and continuing professional development (CPD) among trainees and public health practitioners (PHP). A secondary objective was to compile the evidence into practical considerations for educators, supervising practitioners and professional associations. DESIGN: A scoping review of the literature published between 2007 and 2017 was conducted in May 2017 using four databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus and HSSA, along with bibliography hand-searching and expert consultation...
February 13, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Heidi L Clark, Renee E Cole, LesLee K Funderburk
BACKGROUND: The US Military-Baylor Graduate Program in Nutrition (GPN) has a 10% 7-year attrition rate representing wasted military resources. Evidence-based selection criteria for dietetics masters of science (MS) programs do not exist, nor does descriptive information of successful students. OBJECTIVE: Identify GPN student characteristics predicting program success in the didactic and internship phases. DESIGN: Retrospective study using demographic, academic, and nonacademic data extracted from existing files...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Hossein Faraji, Zamzam Paknahad, Ahmad Chitsaz
The migraine headache is a disease related to the neurovascular system, which affects 10%-20% of people, worldwide. Recent evidences suggested a relation between thiamine status and migraine headaches. The current study was undertaken to assess dietary intake of the thiamine in migraine patients and to evaluate its association with the frequency of migraine attacks. In a case-control design, the current study was performed on 50 migraine patients and 50 healthy people, 20-60 years old in Isfahan, Iran, in 2017...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
Wendy Campos-Perez, Nathaly Torres-Castillo, Mariana Perez-Robles, Jose Francisco Muñoz-Valle, Barbara Vizmanos-Lamotte, Erika Martinez-Lopez
BACKGROUND/AIM: One of the beneficial effects associated with vitamin E intake is the enhancement of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) activity and the consequent upregulation of adiponectin expression. The aim of this study was to analyze the adiponectin levels in subjects with the Pro12Ala polymorphism of PPARG according to vitamin E intake. METHODS: A total of 283 subjects were enrolled. Total vitamin E intake was estimated based on a validated 3-day food consumption record and analyzed using Nutritionist ProTM software...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
Cel Evans, J Hutchinson, M S Christian, N Hancock, J E Cade
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The use of simple screening tools to measure nutritional adequacy in a public health context in developed countries are currently lacking. We explore the relationship between food variety and nutrient intake of London school children using a simple tool with potential use for screening for inadequate diets. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 2010. The survey included 2579 children aged 7-10 years in 52 primary schools in East London in the United Kingdom...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Kathaleen Briggs Early, Kathleen Stanley
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that for adults with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, medical nutrition therapy (MNT) provided by registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) is effective in improving medical outcomes and quality of life, and is cost-effective. MNT provided by RDNs is also successful and essential to preventing progression of prediabetes and obesity to type 2 diabetes. It is essential that MNT provided by RDNs be integrated into health care systems and public health programs and be adequately reimbursed...
February 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Gary J Hausman, Werner G Bergen, Terry D Etherton, Steve B Smith
Research in growth and development, accumulation of lean, and fat metabolism in farm animals was gaining attention principally from a carcass perspective by meat scientists and animal nutritionists about a century ago. Under the auspices of the USDA Cooperative State Research Service, State Agricultural Experiment Stations, and the Land Grant University system, researchers from various universities embarked on forming combined regional research projects (across states) with unifying specific aims. In the North Central region, this included states in the upper and lower Mid-West region...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
D W Brake, K C Swanson
Many nutritionists adopt feeding strategies designed to increase ruminal starch fermentation because ruminal capacity for starch degradation often exceeds amounts of starch able to be digested in the small intestine of cattle. However, increases in fermentable energy supply are positively correlated with increased instances of metabolic disorders and reductions in DMI, and energy derived by cattle subsequent to fermentation is less than that derived when glucose is intestinally absorbed. Small intestinal starch digestion (SISD) appears to be limited by α-glycohydrolase secretions and a precise understanding of digestion of carbohydrates in the small intestine remains equivocal...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Jinhong Miao, Rui Liang, Ximei Tian, Xiaoyin Sun, Zhengyan Li, Jing Luo, Lan Ming, Juanjuan Shi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the nutritional status of patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and the factors involved. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We used the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) of nutritional status, a general questionnaire, dietary records, and laboratory parameters from 3 consecutive days to develop a NS assessment with it, we assessed 240 patients undergoing CAPD at a dialysis center in Henan Province...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
C M Timon, S E Cooper, M E Barker, A J Astell, T Adlam, F Hwang, E A Williams
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the ability of older adults, younger adults and nutritionists to assess portion size using traditional methods versus a computer-based method. This was to inform the development of a novel dietary assessment method for older adults "The NANA system". DESIGN: Older and younger adults assessed the portion size of self-served portions of foods from a buffet style set up using traditional and computerised portion size assessment aids. Nutritionists assessed the portion size of foods from digital photographs using computerised portion size aids...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Lisa Bailey-Davis, Samantha M R Kling, William J Cochran, Sandra Hassink, Lindsey Hess, Jennifer Franceschelli Hosterman, Shawnee Lutcher, Michele Marini, Jacob Mowery, Ian M Paul, Jennifer S Savage
New care delivery models call for integrating health services to coordinate care and improve patient-centeredness. Such models have been embraced to coordinate care with evidence-based strategies to prevent obesity. Both the Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Program and pediatricians are considered credible sources of preventive guidance, and coordinating these independent siloes would benefit a vulnerable population. Using semistructured focus groups and interviews, we evaluated practices, messaging, and the prospect of integrating and coordinating care...
January 23, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Diganta Kalita, David G Holm, Daniel V LaBarbera, J Mark Petrash, Sastry S Jayanty
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is becoming a serious global health problem. Diabetes has been considered to be one of the major risks of cataract and retinopathy. Synthetic and natural product inhibitors of carbohydrate degrading enzymes are able to reduce type 2 diabetes and its complications. For a long time, potatoes have been portrayed as unhealthy for diabetic patients by some nutritionist due to their high starch content. However, purple and red potato cultivars have received considerable attention from consumers because they have high levels of polyphenolic compounds that have potent antioxidant activities...
2018: PloS One
Anna K Shoveller, Leslie M McKnight, Katharine M Wood, John P Cant
Dietary restriction (DR) increases median life span and protects against age-related disease. Improved longevity can be achieved by restriction of dietary energy, protein, or amino acids (AAs), such as methionine (Met). Met requirements have been defined using methodologies that measure the dose response to Met when all other dietary variables are held constant and with outcomes focused on protein turnover. Here, we cover protein and sulfur AA requirements and discuss the terms "deficient," "optimal," and "excess" and how these need to be considered...
January 24, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
William Andrew Clark, Eileen M Cress
Nutritional counseling has been shown to improve dietary intake in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS. Registered dietitians/nutritionists can individualize diet interventions to optimize effectiveness in treating metabolic consequences of the HIV infection or highly active antiretroviral therapy. Nutrition management for individuals infected with HIV can be helpful in maintaining lean body weight, combating oxidative stress, reducing complications from hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and managing gastrointestinal function...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
Anna K Farmery, Gabrielle O'Kane, Alexandra McManus, Bridget S Green
OBJECTIVE: Encouraging people to eat more seafood can offer a direct, cost-effective way of improving overall health outcomes. However, dietary recommendations to increase seafood consumption have been criticised following concern over the capacity of the seafood industry to meet increased demand, while maintaining sustainable fish stocks. The current research sought to investigate Australian accredited practising dietitians' (APD) and public health nutritionists' (PHN) views on seafood sustainability and their dietary recommendations, to identify ways to better align nutrition and sustainability goals...
January 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Gustavo López, Iván González, Elitania Jimenez-Garcia, Jesús Fontecha, Jose A Brenes, Luis A Guerrero, José Bravo
Obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century and it is a threat to the life of people according to World Health Organization. In this scenario, family environment is important to establish healthy habits which help to reduce levels of obesity and control overweight in children. However, little efforts have been focused on helping parents to promote and have healthy lifestyles. In this paper, we present two smart device-based notification prototypes to promote healthy behavior with the aim of avoiding childhood overweight and obesity...
January 18, 2018: Sensors
Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, SeyedSaeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad
Background: Different types of nutrients in adequate amounts are required to meet the increased demands of the mother and the developing fetus. Therefore, we examined the impact of nutrition education on the number of food servings per day. Materials and Methods: Pregnant mothers were recruited to a prospective, randomized clinical trial from May to September, 2016. At 6-10 weeks of gestation, the participants were randomly divided into the intervention (n = 96) or the control group (n = 96), and were followed-up until the end of pregnancy...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Ashlea Braun, James Portner, Elizabeth M Grainger, Emily B Hill, Gregory S Young, Steven K Clinton, Colleen K Spees
OBJECTIVE: Determine the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of tele-Motivational Interviewing (MI) for overweight cancer survivors. DESIGN: Six-month nonrandomized phase 2 clinical trial. SETTING: Urban garden and remote platforms. PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese cancer survivors post active treatment. INTERVENTION: Remote tele-MI from a trained registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN)...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
A Luukkonen, M Tiihonen, T Rissanen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine orthostatic hypotension (OH) and associated factors among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample included 244 home care clients aged 75 years or older living in Eastern and Central Finland. MEASUREMENTS: Nurses, nutritionists and pharmacists collected clinical data including orthostatic blood pressure, depressive symptoms (15-item Geriatric Depression Scale GDS-15), nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment MNA), drug use, self-rated health, daily activities (Barthel ADL Index and Lawton and Brody IADL scale) and self-rated ability to walk 400 metres...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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