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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666686/evaluation-of-a-clinical-pharmacist-intervention-on-clinical-and-drug-related-problems-among-coronary-heart-disease-inpatients-a-pre-experimental-prospective-study-at-a-general-hospital-in-indonesia
#1
Vina A Sagita, Anton Bahtiar, Retnosari Andrajati
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the role of a clinical pharmacist intervention in decreasing subsequent clinical and drug-related problems (DRPs) among coronary heart disease (CHD) inpatients with at least one previous DRP. Methods: This pre-experimental study with a pre-post design was carried out from January to April 2017 among inpatients with at least one previous DRP at a general hospital in Tangerang District, Banten, Indonesia. Clinical and DRPs were documented prospectively by a clinical pharmacist, with DRPs classified using Version 6...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626933/effects-of-nutrition-therapy-on-hba1c-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Adham Mottalib, Veronica Salsberg, Barakatun-Nisak Mohd-Yusof, Wael Mohamed, Padraig Carolan, David M Pober, Joanna Mitri, Osama Hamdy
BACKGROUND: Nutrition Therapy (NT) is essential in type 2 diabetes (T2D) management. Standards of care recommend that each patient engages with a nutritionist (RDN) to develop an individualized eating plan. However, it is unclear if it is the most efficient method of NT. This study evaluates the effects of three different methods of NT on HbA1c and cardiovascular disease risk factors in overweight and obese patients with T2D. METHODS: We randomized 108 overweight and obese patients with T2D (46 M/62F; age 60 ± 10 years; HbA1c 8...
April 7, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621580/use-of-nutritional-supplements-contaminated-with-banned-doping-substances-by-recreational-adolescent-athletes-in-athens-greece
#3
Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Nassia Kioukia-Fougia, Petros Papalexis, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Dimitrios Kouretas, Flora Bacopoulou, Christina Tsitsimpikou
Although the use of nutritional supplements by adult athletes has been extensively studied, information on supplements consumption by adolescent athletes is still limited. The present study reports on the use of nutritional supplements contaminated with banned doping substances among 170 recreational adolescent athletes from eleven, randomly selected, gym centres, in Athens, Greece. Nutritional supplements consumption was reported by almost 60% of the study population, with proteins/amino acids and vitamins being the most popular...
April 2, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605166/identification-of-generalist-registered-dietitian-nutritionist-knowledge-gaps-in-diabetes-medical-nutrition-therapy-compared-to-diabetes-credentialed-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-results-of-a-survey-to-inform-educational-opportunities
#4
Kimberly Bisanz, Anna Parker, Cecily Byrne, Sandra A Parker, Joan Thomas, Juliet Mancino, Rosa K Hand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576093/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-standards-of-practice-and-standards-of-professional-performance-for-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-competent-proficient-and-expert-in-oncology-nutrition
#5
Paula Charuhas Macris, Karen Schilling, Raymond Palko
Oncology nutrition encompasses nutrition care for individuals along the cancer care continuum. Nutrition is a vital component of prevention, treatment, and healthy survivorship. The practice of an oncology registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN) reflects the setting and population served with diverse cancer diagnoses, including expanded roles and responsibilities reflecting the RDN's interests and organization's activities. Provision of nutrition services in oncology requires that RDNs have advanced knowledge in the focus area of oncology nutrition...
April 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576092/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-individualized-nutrition-approaches-for-older-adults-long-term-care-post-acute-care-and-other-settings
#6
Becky Dorner, Elizabeth K Friedrich
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that the quality of life and nutritional status of older adults in long-term care, post-acute care, and other settings can be enhanced by individualized nutrition approaches. The Academy advocates that as part of the interprofessional team, registered dietitian nutritionists assess, evaluate, and recommend appropriate nutrition interventions according to each individual's medical condition, desires, and rights to make health care choices. Nutrition and dietetic technicians, registered assist registered dietitian nutritionists in the implementation of individualized nutrition care, including the use of least restrictive diets...
April 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559023/obituary-john-garrow-nutritionist-corrigendum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550903/functional-nitric-oxide-nutrition-to-combat-cardiovascular-disease
#8
REVIEW
Nathan S Bryan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To reveal the mechanisms of nitric oxide (NO) production in humans and how lifestyle, drug therapy, and hygienic practices can decrease NO production. Furthermore, to show how functional nitric oxide nutrition can overcome these limitations to restore endogenous NO production and combat cardiovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Research over the past decade has revealed that inorganic nitrate and nitrite found naturally in green leafy vegetables and other vegetables such as beets can provide the human body with a source of bioactive nitric oxide...
March 17, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532504/clinical-simulation-learning-for-small-bowel-feeding-tube-insertion
#9
REVIEW
Christina Rollins, Emily Bailey, Jacqueline Gregoire, Tim Milner
Clinical simulation training provides a realistic environment for students and healthcare professionals to strengthen and broaden skills and abilities. This type of learning experience creates a controlled environment in which learners may attain new skills or further develop skills that positively impact patient outcomes. Although few studies exist regarding the use of clinical simulation training and nutrition support practitioners, preliminary data following a small-bowel feeding tube (SBFT) insertion workshop for intensive care unit registered nurses and registered dietitian nutritionists showed potential use in this realm...
March 12, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530586/screening-for-binge-eating-disorder-in-people-with-obesity
#10
Mirjam C M Wever, Alexandra E Dingemans, Tiny Geerets, Unna N Danner
The Risk factors for Binge Eating Disorder in Overweight (REO) questionnaire is a screening tool for nutritionists to discriminate between individuals with obesity with and without Binge Eating Disorder (BED). The first study tested the discriminative ability of the REO and identified an optimal cut-off value. In the second study this cut-off value was used to identify individuals with and without BED from a sample of individuals with obesity visiting a nutritionist and compared clinical and personality characteristics with a group of individuals officially diagnosed with BED...
March 9, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519173/interprofessional-training-start-with-the-youngest-a-program-for-undergraduate-healthcare-students-in-geneva-switzerland
#11
Elisabeth van Gessel, Patricia Picchiottino, Robert Doureradjam, Mathieu Nendaz, Petra Mèche
AIMS: Demography of patients and complexity in the management of multimorbid conditions has made collaborative practice a necessity for the future, also in Switzerland. Since 2012, the University of Applied Sciences (UAS) and its Healthcare School as well as the University of Geneva (UG) with its Medical Faculty have joined forces to implement a training program in collaborative practice, using simulation as one of the main learning/teaching process. METHODS: The actual program consists of three sequential modules and totalizes 300 h of teaching and learning for approximately 1400-1500 students from six tracks (nutritionists, physiotherapists, midwives, nurses, technologists in medical radiology, physicians); in 2019 another hundred pharmacists will also be included...
March 8, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490835/enhancing-spiritually-based-care-through-gratitude-practices-a-health-care-improvement-project
#12
Rebecca J Beese, Deborah Ringdahl
BACKGROUND: Addressing spirituality in health care is important as it improves health outcomes; however, several provider barriers exist to providing spiritually based care. Local problem: A chart audit at a multidisciplinary wellness center serving a population with chronic mental health problems identified a need to improve the number of spiritually based interventions provided to clients by the nurse practitioner. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design and pre- and post-test questionnaire were used to measure outcomes including the number of spiritually based interventions and provider attitudes...
February 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489989/analysis-of-the-national-school-feeding-program-in-the-municipality-of-vi%C3%A3-osa-state-of-minas-gerais
#13
Naruna Pereira Rocha, Mariana De Santis Filgueiras, Fernanda Martins de Albuquerque, Luana Cupertino Milagres, Ana Paula Pereira Castro, Mariane Alves Silva, Glauce Dias da Costa, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Juliana Farias de Novaes
OBJECTIVE To analyze the implementation of the Brazilian National School Feeding Program as a food and nutritional security policy in public schools. METHODS This a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative and qualitative approach, carried out with 268 schoolchildren aged eight to nine years from the public school system of Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 2015. Interviews were carried out using semi-structured questionnaires with the children, parents, cooks, nutritionists, trainer of the Technical Assistance and Rural Extension Company, and president of the School Feeding Council...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487492/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction
#14
REVIEW
Khalil El-Chammas, Manu R Sood
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP) is defined by either continuous or intermittent symptoms of bowel obstruction in the absence of fixed lumen excluding lesion. CIP includes a heterogeneous group of disorders which result either from diseases affecting the enteric neurons and smooth muscle lining or those involving the autonomic innervation of the bowel. Symptoms associated with CIP are nonspecific, which can sometimes contribute to the delay in recognizing the condition and making the correct diagnosis...
March 2018: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477186/practice-paper-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-nutrition-intervention-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#15
Amanda Willig, Lauri Wright, Theresa A Galvin
Nutrition is an integral component of medical care for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) (PLWHA). The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics supports integration of medical nutrition therapy into routine care for this population. Fewer PLWHA experience wasting and undernutrition, while the prevalence of obesity and other chronic diseases has increased significantly. Improved understanding of HIV infection's impact on metabolism and chronic inflammation has only increased the complexity of managing chronic HIV infection...
March 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474726/recruiting-low-income-postpartum-women-into-two-weight-loss-interventions-in-person-versus-facebook-delivery
#16
Valerie J Silfee, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Stephenie C Lemon, Barbara Estabrook, Oanh Nguyen, Milagros C Rosal
Several studies, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), have provided foundational evidence for the efficacy of lifestyle interventions on weight loss and cardiometabolic prevention. However, translating these interventions to real-world settings and engaging at-risk populations has proven difficult. Social media-delivered interventions have high potential for reaching high-risk populations, but there remains a need to understand the extent to which these groups are interested in social media as a delivery mode...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466875/impacts-of-maternal-dietary-protein-intake-on-fetal-survival-growth-and-development
#17
Cassandra M Herring, Fuller W Bazer, Gregory A Johnson, Guoyao Wu
Maternal nutrition during gestation, especially dietary protein intake, is a key determinant in embryonic survival, growth, and development. Low maternal dietary protein intake can cause embryonic losses, intra-uterine growth restriction, and reduced postnatal growth due to a deficiency in specific amino acids that are important for cell metabolism and function. Of note, high maternal dietary protein intake can also result in intra-uterine growth restriction and embryonic death, due to amino acid excesses, as well as the toxicity of ammonia, homocysteine, and H2 S that are generated from amino acid catabolism...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433593/education-practical-training-and-professional-development-for-public-health-practitioners-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-and-insights-for-sustainable-food-system-capacity-building
#18
Jessica Wegener, Debbie Fong, Cecilia Rocha
OBJECTIVE: Noting the upstream positioning of sustainable food systems (SFS) to multiple global crises, the present review described examples of emerging and promising practices to support SFS-oriented education, practical training (PT) and continuing professional development (CPD) among trainees and public health practitioners (PHP). A secondary objective was to compile the evidence into practical considerations for educators, supervising practitioners and professional associations. DESIGN: A scoping review of the literature published between 2007 and 2017 was conducted in May 2017 using four databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus and HSSA, along with bibliography hand-searching and expert consultation...
February 13, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428453/us-military-dietetic-internship-and-graduate-program-retrospective-analysis-of-selection-criteria-and-student-success
#19
Heidi L Clark, Renee E Cole, LesLee K Funderburk
BACKGROUND: The US Military-Baylor Graduate Program in Nutrition (GPN) has a 10% 7-year attrition rate representing wasted military resources. Evidence-based selection criteria for dietetics masters of science (MS) programs do not exist, nor does descriptive information of successful students. OBJECTIVE: Identify GPN student characteristics predicting program success in the didactic and internship phases. DESIGN: Retrospective study using demographic, academic, and nonacademic data extracted from existing files...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423388/dietary-intake-of-thiamine-in-migraine-patients-and-healthy-subjects-a-case-control-study
#20
Hossein Faraji, Zamzam Paknahad, Ahmad Chitsaz
The migraine headache is a disease related to the neurovascular system, which affects 10%-20% of people, worldwide. Recent evidences suggested a relation between thiamine status and migraine headaches. The current study was undertaken to assess dietary intake of the thiamine in migraine patients and to evaluate its association with the frequency of migraine attacks. In a case-control design, the current study was performed on 50 migraine patients and 50 healthy people, 20-60 years old in Isfahan, Iran, in 2017...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
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