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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538496/committee-opinion-no-702-female-athlete-triad
#1
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538492/committee-opinion-no-702-summary-female-athlete-triad
#2
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533672/effect-of-a-counseling-supported-treatment-with-the-mediterranean-diet-and-physical-activity-on-the-severity-of-the-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
Chiara Gelli, Mirko Tarocchi, Ludovico Abenavoli, Laura Di Renzo, Andrea Galli, Antonino De Lorenzo
AIM: To determine the clinical effectiveness of nutritional counseling on reduction of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity, weight loss, metabolic and anthropometric indexes and liver enzymes. METHODS: Forty-six adults with NAFLD received a 6-mo clinical and a dietary intervention (based on Mediterranean diet) carried out respectively by a gastroenterologist and a nutritionist with counseling license. The counseling process consisted of monthly meeting (about 45 min each)...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531777/primer-for-nutritionists-managing-the-side-effects-of-antidepressants
#4
Emily K Tarleton, Amanda G Kennedy, Christopher Daley
Depression is a chronic disease affecting a significant portion of the U.S. POPULATION: Due to the popularity of ADs most nutrition professionals working in the outpatient setting will encounter patients taking one of these medications. Nutritionist can assist patients in managing the short and long term side effects of ADs and, taking into account other nutritional issues, improve overall wellbeing of the patient. The objective of this paper is to identify what side effects nutritionists can help manage, provide the information necessary to help nutritionists feel comfortable assisting with that management, and, as a result, play a valuable role in the team that is vested in the health and wellbeing of the patient...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529463/nutrition-practices-and-knowledge-among-ncaa-division-iii-football-players
#5
Elizabeth Lea Abbey, Cynthia Joy Wright, Christina M Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Participation in collegiate American football is physically demanding and may have long-term health implications, particularly in relation to cardiovascular and neurological health. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division III (DIII) football players are a relatively unstudied population, particularly in terms of their dietary habits and knowledge. The aim of the present study was to descriptively evaluate the dietary intake of DIII football players including a subset of linemen and assess the nutritional knowledge and sources of information of these athletes...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528591/conversion-ratios-of-n-3-fatty-acids-between-plasma-and-erythrocytes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#6
Xue Feng Hu, Simran K Sandhu, William S Harris, Hing Man Chan
As biomarkers of dietary intake or disease risk factor, n-3 fatty acid (FA) can be measured in plasma phospholipids (PL), total lipids (TL) or erythrocytes. However, the numeric relationships between n-3 FA in these lipid pools are not clear. Our goal was to derive conversion ratios for plasma and erythrocyte n-3 FA. Potential studies were identified through systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library of Systematic reviews (1950 to October 2014). In all, fifty-six studies reporting n-3 in healthy individuals were included, of which thirty-four articles reported plasma PL and erythrocytes, and twenty-two reported plasma TL and erythrocytes...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513120/gestational-weight-gain-and-its-relationship-with-maternal-characteristics
#7
Yeela Borenstein Ben Naftali, Ido Solt, Lior Lowenstein, Irit Chermesh
BACKGROUND: Both high and insufficient weight gain during pregnancy have been associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring. OBJECTIVES: To describe self-reported weight gain during pregnancy, assess the concurrence of this weight gain with issued recommendations, and investigate associations between lifestyle factors and weight gain. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 109 pregnant women hospitalized in one gynecological and obstetrics department completed questionnaires related to weight gain and lifestyle factors such as smoking, diet and exercise...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489162/endoscopic-sleeve-gastroplasty-for-obesity-treatment-two-years-of-experience
#8
Gontrand Lopez-Nava, M P Galvão, I Bautista-Castaño, J P Fernandez-Corbelle, M Trell, N Lopez
Background: Bariatric endoscopic techniques are minimally invasive and induce gastric volume reduction to treat obesity. Aim : To evaluate endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (Apollo method) using a suturing method directed at the greater curvature, as well as the perioperative care, two year safety and weight loss. Method: Prospective single-center study over 154 patients (108 females) using the endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty procedure under general anesthesia with overnight inpatient observation...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479137/crossover-designs-in-nutrition-and-dietetics-research
#9
Jeffrey E Harris, Hollie A Raynor
This article is the 12th installment in a statistical series exploring the importance of research design, epidemiologic methods, and statistical analysis as applied to nutrition and dietetics research. The purpose of this series is to assist registered dietitian nutritionists in interpreting nutrition research and aid nutrition researchers in applying scientific principles to produce high-quality nutrition research. This article focuses on the use of crossover designs in nutrition and dietetics research. The purpose is to distinguish the crossover design from the randomized clinical trial, define important terms, illustrate a 2×2 crossover design, discuss potential confounding variables in the crossover design, describe the analysis and interpretation of crossover data, present sample size considerations, provide examples of the use of the crossover design in nutrition and dietetics, and discuss additional considerations when the independent variable has more than two levels...
May 4, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469549/repeat-24-hour-recalls-and-locally-developed-food-composition-databases-a-feasible-method-to-estimate-dietary-adequacy-in-a-multi-site-preconception-maternal-nutrition-rct
#10
Rebecca L Lander, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Jamie E Westcott, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Gabriela Tejeda, Adrien Lokangaka, Tshilenge S Diba, Manjunath S Somannavar, Ranjitha Honnayya, Sumera A Ali, Umber S Khan, Elizabeth M McClure, Vanessa R Thorsten, Kristen B Stolka
Background: Our aim was to utilize a feasible quantitative methodology to estimate the dietary adequacy of >900 first-trimester pregnant women in poor rural areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, India and Pakistan. This paper outlines the dietary methods used. Methods: Local nutritionists were trained at the sites by the lead study nutritionist and received ongoing mentoring throughout the study. Training topics focused on the standardized conduct of repeat multiple-pass 24-hr dietary recalls, including interview techniques, estimation of portion sizes, and construction of a unique site-specific food composition database (FCDB)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462206/formulation-and-shelf-life-of-fish-burgers-served-to-preschool-children
#11
Giorgio Smaldone, Raffaele Marrone, Tiziana Zottola, Lucia Vollano, Giulio Grossi, Maria Luisa Cortesi
Consumer is very careful about healthiness; in this context nutritionists often highlight the importance of fish for human nutrition because of their protein and fatty acid composition. In order to stimulate utilisation and consumption of fish species by unusual target groups such as children, the aim of this research was to formulate and to evaluate shelf-life and nutritional values of fish preparations stored in modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Fish species used for trail were Trachurus trachurus and Oncorhynchus mykiss fished and farmed in Basilicata region respectively...
January 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440522/-nutrition-management-in-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#12
Weihong Tang, Yuhua Chen, Meizhen Pan, Lihua Chen, Lele Zhang, Tingfeng Wang, Xiong Zhang, Peng Zhang, Chengzhu Zheng, Bo Yu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of nutrition management in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG). METHODS: Clinical data of 22 obese T2DM patients undergoing LSG from March 2013 to July 2015 in Fudan University Pudong Medical Center were collected. All the patients strictly followed the specialized instruction by nutritionists: diabetic and low calorie diet 3347.2 to 5020.8 kJ (800 to 1200 kcal) per day before the operation; low calorie liquid diet 2510...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434481/is-there-a-role-for-lifestyle-changes-in-cardiovascular-prevention-what-when-and-how
#14
Lluís Masana, Emilio Ros, Isabella Sudano, Denis Angoulvant
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lifestyle has been found to play an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is evidence to suggest that if lifestyle factors are modified successfully, the relative risk of CVD can be reduced. Risk factors for CVD such as high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidaemias can be modified by lifestyle changes. The main aim of this article is to provide best practice approaches and support for healthcare professionals on the role of lifestyle changes in the prevention of CVD...
April 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431549/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-abdominal-but-not-general-obesity-among-iranian-children
#15
Fateme Jafari, Simin Ehsani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is increasing all over the world. Food insecurity is mentioned as a possible risk factor; however, previous studies have led to inconsistent results in different societies while data are lacking for the Middle East. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and general or abdominal obesity in Iranian children in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric data including height, weight, and waist circumference were measured by trained nutritionists...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430765/breastfeeding-knowledge-of-health-professionals-working-in-municipal-healthcare-centers-in-maipu-chile
#16
Laura Medel Marambio, Dafna Benadof, Carol Toro Huerta
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare provider’s knowledge has been identified as a factor associated with clinical practice skills and exclusive breastfeeding prevalence. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the level of knowledge and training in breastfeeding of healthcare provider’s that work in family healthcare centers of Maipu, Chile, (midwifes, physicians, nurses and nutritionists). To determine association among level of knowledge, profession and breastfeeding training. METHODS: Quantitative, cross-sectional, analytical study...
April 6, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408361/design-of-a-mobile-app-for-nutrition-education-trec-lifestyle-and-formative-evaluation-with-families-of-overweight-children
#17
Silvia Gabrielli, Marco Dianti, Rosa Maimone, Marta Betta, Lorena Filippi, Monica Ghezzi, Stefano Forti
BACKGROUND: Nutrition and diet apps represent today a popular area of mobile health (mHealth), offering the possibility of delivering behavior change (BC) interventions for healthy eating and weight management in a scalable and cost-effective way. However, if commercial apps for pediatric weight management fail to retain users because of a lack of theoretical background and evidence-based content, mHealth apps that are more evidence-based are found less engaging and popular among consumers...
April 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402200/elimination-of-dioxins-in-milk-by-dairy-cows-after-the-long-term-intake-of-contaminated-sugar-beet-pellets
#18
Jadwiga Piskorska-Pliszczynska, Sebastian Maszewski, Szczepan Mikolajczyk, Marek Pajurek, Pawel Strucinski, Marek Olszowy
Dried feed materials, such as sugar beet pellets, may be a source of high levels of PCDD/Fs. The studies followed up dioxin congener elimination from contaminated milk (5.02 ± 1.39 pg WHO PCDD/F-PCBs-TEQ g(-1) fat) up to 338 days after withdrawal of polluted feed ingredient (4.37 ± 0.25 ng PCDD/F/DL-PCBs-TEQ kg(-1) feed). The main objectives of the study were to estimate the length of the time needed to achieve an acceptable PCDD/F milk level as set by European Union law, to track the fate of the PCDD/F congeners, and to assess the potential risk for consumers associated with long-term consumption of contaminated milk...
April 12, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393987/-validation-of-self-applicable-questionnaire-for-a-mediterranean-dietary-index-in-chile
#19
Guadalupe Echeverría, Inés Urquiaga, María José Concha, Catalina Dussaillant, Luis Villarroel, Nicolás Velasco, Federico Leighton, Attilio Rigotti
BACKGROUND: Availability of brief dietary indexes that can effectively evaluate dietary patterns and their association with health is critical for prevention and management of several chronic disease conditions. AIM: To adapt a self-applicable Mediterranean Dietary Index in Chile (Chilean-MDI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Chilean-MDI was developed based on a previous Mediterranean eating score that was adapted to Chilean dietary habits. This index was further validated in a sample of 153 adults by comparing the concordance between the results obtained by self-application of the Chilean-MDI with those obtained by a trained nutritionist...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392702/hepatic-encephalopathy-what-the-multidisciplinary-team-can-do
#20
REVIEW
Andy Liu, Eric R Yoo, Osama Siddique, Ryan B Perumpail, George Cholankeril, Aijaz Ahmed
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a complex disease requiring a multidisciplinary approach among specialists, primary care team, family, and caregivers. HE is currently a diagnosis of exclusion, requiring an extensive workup to exclude other possible etiologies, including mental status changes, metabolic, infectious, traumatic, and iatrogenic causes. The categorization of HE encompasses a continuum, varying from the clinically silent minimal HE (MHE), which is only detectable using psychometric tests, to overt HE, which is further divided into four grades of severity...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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