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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147582/assessment-of-weight-management-practices-among-adults-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#1
Amita Attlee, Nour Atmani, Viktor Stromtsov, Fatima Ali, Rim Tikarly, Sarah Ryad, Ghada Salah, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Obaid
With a rise in global incidence of overweight and obesity, the number of patients seeking weight management (WM) advice is likely to increase. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of WM practices and investigate association of WM goals with sociodemographic variables and practices among United Arab Emirates (UAE) adults. An exploratory, cross-sectional research was conducted on 1275 adult males and females, residing in UAE. A structured questionnaire was administered. WM goals to lose/maintain/gain weight were reported in 88...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143594/the-gene-smart-study-method-study-design-and-preliminary-findings
#2
REVIEW
Xu Yan, Nir Eynon, Ioannis D Papadimitriou, Jujiao Kuang, Fiona Munson, Oren Tirosh, Lannie O'Keefe, Lyn R Griffiths, Kevin J Ashton, Nuala Byrne, Yannis P Pitsiladis, David J Bishop
The gene SMART (genes and the Skeletal Muscle Adaptive Response to Training) Study aims to identify genetic variants that predict the response to both a single session of High-Intensity Interval Exercise (HIIE) and to four weeks of High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT). While the training and testing centre is located at Victoria University, Melbourne, three other centres have been launched at Bond University, Queensland University of Technology, Australia, and the University of Brighton, UK. Currently 39 participants have already completed the study and the overall aim is to recruit 200 moderately-trained, healthy Caucasians participants (all males 18-45 y, BMI < 30)...
November 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132529/celiac-disease-and-gluten-sensitivity
#3
REVIEW
Katharine C DeGeorge, Jeanetta W Frye, Kim M Stein, Lisa K Rollins, Daniel F McCarter
Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten that affects genetically predisposed individuals, typically causing intestinal symptoms and malabsorption. Diagnosis requires stepwise evaluation with anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA and histologic analysis of the small bowel. Strict adherence to a gluten-free diet is the primary treatment. Patients with symptoms thought to be related to gluten but without evidence of celiac disease are difficult to diagnose and treat. Consider first advising general nutritional improvements...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130296/supporting-dietitians-to-work-in-aboriginal-health-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-community-of-practice-mentoring-circle
#4
Annabelle M Wilson, Robyn Delbridge, Claire Palermo
AIM: This paper explores the experience of dietitians participating in a Community of Practice designed to support their work with Aboriginal communities. METHODS: The Community of Practice for dietitians working with Aboriginal communities ran for 12 months, starting in May 2014. Six-weekly mentoring sessions were held using Skype, with conversation aided by a facilitator. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were held with all participants at the conclusion of the Community of Practice...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129456/a-canadian-cross-sectional-survey-on-psychosocial-supports-for-people-living-type-1-or-2-diabetes-health-care-providers-awareness-capacity-and-motivation
#5
Jennica Nichols, Michael Vallis, Stephanie Boutette, Carolyn Gall Casey, Catherine H Yu
OBJECTIVES: Addressing psychosocial issues is critical for diabetes self-management. This work explores health-care professionals' (HCPs') 1) perceived relevance of various psychosocial issues in diabetes management and 2) confidence in working on these issues within their services. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey was developed based on the Capacity-Opportunity-Motivation Behaviour Model. It assessed self-rated confidence in supporting patients with psychosocial issues (capability), perceived relevance of these issues (motivation) and facilitators of skill development (opportunity)...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128031/development-of-a-menu-board-literacy-and-self-efficacy-scale-for-children
#6
Olajide Williams, Ellyn Leighton-Herrmann Quinn, Mildred Ramirez, Vanessa Sawyer, Joseph P Eimicke, Jeanne A Teresi
OBJECTIVE: An instrument to measure menu board literacy (MBL) was developed to capture children's understanding of menu board nutrition information, including abbreviations, serving sizes and calorie ranges, and self-efficacy for using this information. METHODS: A list of 55 potential items (47 MBL and 8 self-efficacy) was generated. Content validity was established by 29 registered dietitians. Cognitive interviews were conducted with 24 black and Hispanic fourth- and fifth-grade students to assess comprehension and readability...
November 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114984/the-accuracy-and-consistency-of-nutrition-care-process-terminology-use-in-cases-of-refeeding-syndrome
#7
Kylie L Matthews, Michelle A Palmer, Sandra M Capra
AIM: Using standardised terminology in acute care has encouraged consistency in patient care and the evaluation of outcomes. As such, the Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) may assist dietitian nutritionists in the delivery of high quality nutrition care worldwide; however, limited research has been conducted examining the consistency and accuracy of its use. We aimed to examine the NCPT that dietitian nutritionists would use to formulate a diagnostic statement relating to refeeding syndrome (RFS)...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111089/benefits-barriers-and-motivators-to-training-dietetic-interns-in-clinical-settings-a-comparison-between-preceptors-and-nonpreceptors
#8
Rayane AbuSabha, Colette Muller, Jacqueline MacLasco, Mary George, Erica Houghton, Alison Helm
BACKGROUND: The shortage of supervised practice sites in dietetics is associated with fewer numbers of preceptors available to supervise interns, especially in the clinical setting. OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical dietitians' perceived benefits and challenges of training dietetic interns and to determine key motivators that would entice nonpreceptors to volunteer for the role. DESIGN: Registered dietitian nutritionists working in clinical settings completed a semi-structured, audiotaped interview followed by a brief questionnaire...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107587/women-s-perceptions-of-usefulness-and-ease-of-use-of-four-healthy-eating-blog-characteristics-a-qualitative-study-of-33-french-canadian-women
#9
Véronique Bissonnette-Maheux, Audrée-Anne Dumas, Véronique Provencher, Annie Lapointe, Marilyn Dugrenier, Sharon Straus, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Healthy eating blogs are knowledge translation tools used by nutrition and dietetics practitioners for helping people improve their health behaviors and food choices. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore women's perceptions of the usefulness and ease of use of healthy eating blog (HEB) characteristics that might increase potential users' intention to use them as tools to improve their dietary habits. DESIGN: We conducted qualitative research using semi-structured individual interviews...
October 26, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107197/the-adaptation-and-translation-of-the-peach%C3%A2-rct-intervention-the-process-and-outcomes-of-the-peach%C3%A2-in-the-community-trial
#10
R A Perry, R K Golley, J Hartley, A M Magarey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the process and report selected outcomes of translating an effective child weight management initiative (PEACH™) from a randomised controlled trial intervention to a community health programme. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Pre-post study design utilising the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation and maintenance (RE-AIM) evaluation framework. Adaptation of PEACH™ required significant promotional activity and consideration of legal, ethical and financial issues...
October 26, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105254/reforming-foodservice-in-elderly-care-national-actions-and-local-outcomes
#11
Malin Skinnars Josefsson, Margaretha Nydahl, Inger Persson, Ylva Mattsson Sydner
AIM: The aim was to explore the outcome, on a local level, of steering, organisation and practices of elderly care foodservice by Swedish municipalities, and changes relative to national actions. METHODS: A survey using a web-based questionnaire about elderly care foodservice targeting all Swedish municipalities (n = 290) was conducted in 2006 and 2013/2014. The questionnaire included the topics: organisation of foodservice, its practice in elderly care and steering devices such as guidelines and policies...
November 3, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102421/registered-dietitian-nutritionists-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment-centers
#12
David A Wiss, Maria Schellenberger, Michael L Prelip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101086/beyond-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-diagnosis-multidisciplinary-care-with-an-early-integrated-palliative-approach-is-associated-with-a-decrease-in-acute-care-utilization-and-hospital-deaths
#13
Meena Kalluri, Francisca Claveria, Emily Ainsley, Maged Haggag, Susan Armijo-Olivo, Janice Richman-Eisenstat
CONTEXT: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, incurable interstitial lung disease with heavy symptom burden and poor quality of life. The last year of life is characterized by increased acute care utilization and hospital deaths. Clinical guidelines recommend early integration of palliative care but is rarely implemented. In 2012, we reorganized our clinic into a multidisciplinary team comprising two pulmonologists (expertise in ILD and palliative respiratory care respectively), nurse, respiratory therapist, physiotherapist, and a dietitian...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092883/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-nutrition-therapy-compared-with-dietary-advice-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Grith Møller, Henning Keinke Andersen, Ole Snorgaard
Background: Despite recommendations, many patients with type 2 diabetes receive dietary advice from nurses or doctors instead of individualized nutrition therapy (INT) that is provided by a dietitian.Objective: We performed a meta-analysis to compare the effect of INT that is provided by a registered dietitian with the effect of dietary advice that is provided by other healthcare professionals.Design: A systematic review was conducted of Cochrane library databases, EMBASE, CINAHL, and MEDLINE in the period 2004-2017 for guidelines, reviews, and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed the outcomes glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), weight, body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)), and LDL cholesterol...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090084/non-medical-prescribing-in-new-zealand-an-overview-of-prescribing-rights-service-delivery-models-and-training
#15
REVIEW
Rakhee Raghunandan, June Tordoff, Alesha Smith
AIM: In this paper, we aim to provide an updated source of information for nonmedical prescribing (NMP) in New Zealand (NZ). METHODS: A variety of NZ sources were used to collect data: legislation, policy documents and information from professional and regulatory organizations, and education providers. RESULTS: In NZ, the legal categories for prescribers include authorized, designated, and delegated prescribers. Authorized prescribers include dentists, midwives, nurse practitioners, and optometrist prescribers...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083448/quality-indicators-of-nutritional-care-practice-in-elderly-care
#16
M Skinnars Josefsson, M Nydahl, I Persson, Y Mattsson Sydner
OBJECTIVES: The aim is to explore the effects of antecedent, structural and process quality indicators of nutritional care practice on meal satisfaction and screened nutritional status among older adults in residential care homes. DESIGN: Data for this Swedish cross-sectional study regarding older adults living in residential care homes were collected by i) a national questionnaire, ii) records from the quality registry Senior Alert, iii) data from an Open Comparison survey of elderly care in 2013/2014...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083138/an-early-customized-low-glycaemic-index-diet-prevents-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-overweight-obese-women
#17
Elisabetta Petrella, Valeria Tamborrino, Lidia DI Cerbo, Isabella Neri, Fabio Facchinetti
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the prescription and follow-up of a behavioral program (customized nutritional advices and a constant physical activity) influences the occurrence of unfavorable maternal/neonatal outcomes among overweight/obese women. METHODS: A case-control study (1:3) included single pregnant women with BMI≥25, enrolled at 1st trimester. Cases (95) were prescribed (by both the dietitian and gynecologist) a low-glycemic index diet with an average intake of 1700/1800 Kcal/day plus 30 minutes walking at least 3 times/week (with four follow-up visits until delivery)...
October 27, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081334/different-settings-different-approaches-a-qualitative-comparison-of-portuguese-dietitians-beliefs-attitudes-and-practices-about-obesity-in-public-and-private-settings
#18
Filipa V Teixeira, José Luis Pais-Ribeiro, Ângela Maia
OBJECTIVE: With obesity being a major public health epidemic, dietitians are charged with the difficult task to assist clients in modifying their behaviours. Since there are inconsistent data about dietitians' beliefs, attitudes and practices concerning obesity and little is known concerning differences in public and private practice, we conducted the present study to address those gaps. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews analysed according to thematic analysis procedures...
October 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079554/a-new-tool-for-nutrition-app-quality-evaluation-aqel-development-validation-and-reliability-testing
#19
Kristen Nicole DiFilippo, Wenhao Huang, Karen M Chapman-Novakofski
BACKGROUND: The extensive availability and increasing use of mobile apps for nutrition-based health interventions makes evaluation of the quality of these apps crucial for integration of apps into nutritional counseling. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this research was the development, validation, and reliability testing of the app quality evaluation (AQEL) tool, an instrument for evaluating apps' educational quality and technical functionality. METHODS: Items for evaluating app quality were adapted from website evaluations, with additional items added to evaluate the specific characteristics of apps, resulting in 79 initial items...
October 27, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070640/does-the-behavioural-type-specific-approach-for-type-2-diabetes-promote-changes-in-lifestyle-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-japan
#20
Misa Adachi, Kazue Yamaoka, Mariko Watanabe, Asuka Nemoto, Toshiro Tango
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a significant problem, and lifestyle modifications including self-management are important. We have developed a structured individual-based lifestyle education (SILE) programme for T2D. With attention now being paid to techniques to change behaviour, we recently developed a behavioural type-specific SILE (BETSILE) programme. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the BETSILE programme compared with the SILE programme for reducing glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with T2D and special behavioural types by a cluster randomised controlled trial...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Open
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