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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751416/household-environmental-exposures-during-gestation-and-birth-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shanghai-china
#1
Wei Liu, Chen Huang, Jiao Cai, Xueying Wang, Zhijun Zou, Chanjuan Sun
Several studies have reported that certain aspects of the household environments are associated with adverse birth outcomes, but associations have been inconsistent. Few of these studies have been conducted in China. During 2011-2012, we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study and collected 13,335 parents-reported questionnaires for 4-6-year-olds children in Shanghai, China. We investigated associations of household environmental factors (environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), cooking fuel, dampness, pet-keeping, and home renovation) during gestation with preterm birth (PTB, gestational age<37weeks), low birth weight (LBW, birth weight<2500g), term low birth weight (T-LBW, LBW when the gestational age was ≥37weeks), and small for gestational age (SGA, birth weight<10th percentile of birth weight for gestational age)...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683210/measured-moisture-in-buildings-and-adverse-health-effects-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Mark J Mendell, Janet M Macher, Kazukiyo Kumagai
It has not yet been possible to quantify dose-related health risks attributable to indoor dampness or mold (D/M), to support the setting of health-related limits for D/M. An overlooked target for assessing D/M is moisture in building materials, the critical factor allowing microbial growth. A search for studies of quantified building moisture and occupant health effects identified three eligible studies. Two studies assessed associations between measured wall moisture content and respiratory health in the UK...
April 23, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676636/observed-home-dampness-and-mold-are-associated-with-sustained-spikes-in-personal-exposure-to-particulate-matter-less-than-10-%C3%AE-m-in-diameter-in-exacerbation-prone-children-with-asthma
#3
Cullen M Dutmer, Allison M Schiltz, Kristy L Freeman, Matthew J Christie, Juana A Cerna, Seung-Hyun Cho, Ryan T Chartier, Jonathan W Thornburg, Katharine L Hamlington, James L Crooks, Tasha E Fingerlin, David A Schwartz, Andrew H Liu
RATIONALE: Home dampness and mold are associated with asthma severity and exacerbations, but little is known about the nature of these exposures in at-risk children. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that observed dampness, water damage, and mold in the home are associated with higher exposure to particulate matter less than 10 μm in diameter in a cohort of at-risk children with asthma. METHODS: We performed a pilot study in 8- to 16-year-old children with exacerbation-prone asthma (n = 29; Denver Asthma Panel Study)...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642816/damp-housing-gas-stoves-and-the-burden-of-childhood-asthma-in-australia
#4
Luke D Knibbs, Solomon Woldeyohannes, Guy B Marks, Christine T Cowie
OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of the national childhood asthma burden associated with exposure to dampness and gas stoves in Australian homes. DESIGN: Comparative risk assessment modelling study. Setting, participants: Australian children aged 14 years or less, 2011. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The population attributable fractions (PAFs) and number of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for childhood asthma associated with exposure to damp housing and gas stoves...
April 16, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529393/asthma-and-rhinitis-among-chinese-children-indoor-and-outdoor-air-pollution-and-indicators-of-socioeconomic-status-ses
#5
Dan Norbäck, Chan Lu, Juan Wang, Yinping Zhang, Baizhan Li, Zhuohui Zhao, Chen Huang, Xin Zhang, Hua Qian, Yuexia Sun, Jan Sundell, Qihong Deng
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on asthma and rhinitis across China in relation to indoor and outdoor air pollution, climate and socioeconomic factors. The main aim was to study associations between asthma, rhinitis and current respiratory symptoms among pre-school children across China and selected indoor and outdoor exposure and indicators of socio-economic status (SES) in mutually adjusted models. METHODS: Chinese children (3-6 yr.) (n = 39,782) were recruited from randomly selected day care centres in seven cities in China...
March 9, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500849/gene-expression-of-indoor-fungal-communities-under-damp-building-conditions-implications-for-human-health
#6
B Hegarty, K C Dannemiller, J Peccia
Dampness and visible mold growth in homes are associated with negative human health outcomes, but causal relationships between fungal exposure and health are not well established. The purpose of this study was to determine whether dampness in buildings impacts fungal community gene expression and how, in turn, gene expression may modulate human health impacts. A metatranscriptomic study was performed on house dust fungal communities to investigate the expression of genes and metabolic processes in chamber experiments at water activity levels of 0...
March 3, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415354/climate-change-allergens-and-allergic-diseases
#7
Constance H Katelaris, Paul J Beggs
Climate change has been described as the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. The atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, have increased significantly since the start of the Industrial Era around 1750, with much of this increase occurring over just the last 50 years or so. This is resulting in warming of the climate system as well as changes in precipitation and weather and climate extremes. These changes in climate are having wide-ranging impacts on the Earth's physical, biological and human systems, including human health...
February 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346318/differences-between-outdoor-and-indoor-sound-levels-for-open-tilted-and-closed-windows
#8
Barbara Locher, André Piquerez, Manuel Habermacher, Martina Ragettli, Martin Röösli, Mark Brink, Christian Cajochen, Danielle Vienneau, Maria Foraster, Uwe Müller, Jean Marc Wunderli
Noise exposure prediction models for health effect studies normally estimate free field exposure levels outside. However, to assess the noise exposure inside dwellings, an estimate of indoor sound levels is necessary. To date, little field data is available about the difference between indoor and outdoor noise levels and factors affecting the damping of outside noise. This is a major cause of uncertainty in indoor noise exposure prediction and may lead to exposure misclassification in health assessments. This study aims to determine sound level differences between the indoors and the outdoors for different window positions and how this sound damping is related to building characteristics...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237508/making-healthy-homes-a-pilot-study-of-the-return-on-investment-from-an-external-wall-insulation-intervention
#9
Heather Brown, Gulnar Fattakhova, Clare Bambra, Paul Taylor
OBJECTIVES: External Wall Insulation (EWI) insulates and protect homes against damp. The Energy Company Obligation (ECO) scheme incentivised large energy providers in the UK delivering energy efficiency measures such as EWI to fuel impoverished households. Return on Investment (ROI) analysis is utilised to determine if EWI is a cost-effective procedure in terms of improving health related quality of life (HRQOL) measured using the EQ-5D-3L™, reducing health care expenditure, and fuel costs...
December 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218932/-research-progress-of-bixie
#10
REVIEW
Chong Chen, Chen-Hong Zeng, Si-Qi Zhang, Li Wei
The Dioscorea hypoglauca rhizome and D. spongiosa rhizome in "China Pharmacopoeia" are often used as Bixie in clinically, with the function of removing dampness, clearing away turbidness and dispelling wind to remove pain, and has been widely used in stranguria marked by chyluria, joint stiffness and rheumatic arthralgia. It has obvious curative effect and broad application prospect. However, in recent years the progress of research is slow for its miscellaneous sources, chaotic varieties and lack of relevant quality assessment...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206001/current-care-guideline-patient-exposed-to-moisture-damage
#11
(no author information available yet)
Moisture damages and dampness in buildings is a risk factor for respiratory symptoms and development of asthma. Diagnostics and care of the patients must be based on general guidelines, regardless of potential moisture damage in home or work place. No laboratory or other clinical tests exist that can be used to associate potential moisture damage to perceived symptoms of the patient. Buildings affected by moisture damages should be remediated, because it is likely to be beneficial to health of the occupants and other users and for the condition of the building...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186802/bronchitis-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-first-nations-children
#12
Chandima P Karunanayake, Donna C Rennie, Vivian R Ramsden, Mark Fenton, Shelley Kirychuk, Joshua A Lawson, Raina Henderson, Laurie Jimmy, Jeremy Seeseequasis, Sylvia Abonyi, James A Dosman, Punam Pahwa
Respiratory diseases, such as bronchitis and pneumonia, are common in First Nations children in Canada. The objectives are to determine prevalence and associated risk factors of bronchitis in children 6-17 years old residing in two reserve communities. The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 and children from two First Nations reserve communities participated. The outcome was ever presence/absence of bronchitis. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between bronchitis and the individual and environmental factors...
November 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182908/outdoor-and-indoor-air-quality-and-cognitive-ability-in-young-children
#13
Emily Midouhas, Theodora Kokosi, Eirini Flouri
BACKGROUND: This study examined outdoor and indoor air quality at ages 9 months and 3 years and their association with cognitive ability at age 3 in England and Wales. METHOD: Data from 8198 Millennium Cohort Study children were analysed using multilevel regression. Outdoor air quality was assessed with mean annual estimates of nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) levels within a standard small area (ward). Indoor air quality was measured with parent-reports of damp or condensation in the home and exposure to secondhand smoke in the home...
February 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175623/evidence-from-sinphonie-project-impact-of-home-environmental-exposures-on-respiratory-health-among-school-age-children-in-romania
#14
Yi Lu, Shao Lin, Wayne R Lawrence, Ziqiang Lin, Eugen Gurzau, Eva Csobod, Iulia A Neamtiu
BACKGROUND: Exposure to indoor air pollutants at home was found to be associated with respiratory diseases. As lifestyle changes with rapid economic growth in Romania, the aim of our study is to describe the characteristics of Romanian homes and their impact on children's respiratory health. METHODS: Self-reported information on respiratory symptoms was collected from 280 Romanian elementary school students in 2011, and the symptoms were categorized into allergy, asthma-like, and flu-like symptoms...
April 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039816/dampness-and-moisture-problems-in-norwegian-homes
#15
Rune Becher, Anja Hortemo Høie, Jan Vilhelm Bakke, Sverre Bjørn Holøs, Johan Øvrevik
The occurrence of dampness and mold in the indoor environment is associated with respiratory-related disease outcomes. Thus, it is pertinent to know the magnitude of such indoor environment problems to be able to estimate the potential health impact in the population. In the present study, the moisture damage in 10,112 Norwegian dwellings was recorded based on building inspection reports. The levels of moisture damage were graded based on a condition class (CC), where CC0 is immaculate and CC1 acceptable (actions not required), while CC2 and CC3 indicate increased levels of damage that requires action...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037301/asthma-symptoms-among-chinese-children-the-role-of-ventilation-and-pm10-exposure-at-school-and-home
#16
X-J Fan, C Yang, L Zhang, Q Fan, T Li, X Bai, Z-H Zhao, X Zhang, D Norback
SETTING: Respiratory symptoms in relation to environment in Taiyuan, China. OBJECTIVE: To study associations between school/home exposure and prevalence of respiratory symptoms and self-reported respiratory infections (RIs) among students. DESIGN: A total of 2134 pupils from 10 schools answered a questionnaire; air pollution at school was measured. RESULTS: The prevalence of current wheeze, daytime attacks of breathlessness, nocturnal cough, nocturnal respiratory symptoms and RI was respectively 4...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970023/the-effects-of-pm-2-5-on-asthmatic-and-allergic-diseases-or-symptoms-in-preschool-children-of-six-chinese-cities-based-on-china-children-homes-and-health-cchh-project
#17
Fei'er Chen, Zhijing Lin, Renjie Chen, Dan Norback, Cong Liu, Haidong Kan, Qihong Deng, Chen Huang, Yu Hu, Zhijun Zou, Wei Liu, Juan Wang, Chan Lu, Hua Qian, Xu Yang, Xin Zhang, Fang Qu, Jan Sundell, Yinping Zhang, Baizhan Li, Yuexia Sun, Zhuohui Zhao
The urbanization and industrialization in China is accompanied by bad air quality, and the prevalence of asthma in Chinese children has been increasing in recent years. To investigate the associations between ambient PM2.5 levels and asthmatic and allergic diseases or symptoms in preschool children in China, we assigned PM2.5 exposure data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project to 205 kindergartens at a spatial resolution of 0.1° × 0.1° in six cities in China (Shanghai, Nanjing, Chongqing, Changsha, Urumqi, and Taiyuan)...
January 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833580/oxygenated-vocs-aqueous-chemistry-and-potential-impacts-on-residential-indoor-air-composition
#18
S M Duncan, K G Sexton, B J Turpin
Dampness affects a substantial percentage of homes and is associated with increased risk of respiratory ailments; yet, the effects of dampness on indoor chemistry are largely unknown. We hypothesize that the presence of water-soluble gases and their aqueous processing alters the chemical composition of indoor air and thereby affects inhalation and dermal exposures in damp homes. Herein, we use the existing literature and new measurements to examine the plausibility of this hypothesis, summarize existing evidence, and identify key knowledge gaps...
January 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764762/housing-conditions-of-urban-households-with-aboriginal-children-in-nsw-australia-tenure-type-matters
#19
Melanie J Andersen, Anna B Williamson, Peter Fernando, Darryl Wright, Sally Redman
BACKGROUND: Housing is a key determinant of the poor health of Aboriginal Australians. Most Aboriginal people live in cities and large towns, yet research into housing conditions has largely focused on those living in remote areas. This paper measures the prevalence of housing problems amongst participants in a study of urban Aboriginal families in New South Wales, Australia, and examines the relationship between tenure type and exposure to housing problems. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data was provided by 600 caregivers of 1406 Aboriginal children aged 0-17 years participating in Phase One of the Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health (SEARCH)...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695715/patient-reported-signs-of-dampness-at-home-may-be-a-risk-factor-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
C Ahlroth Pind, M Gunnbjörnsdottír, A Bjerg, B Järvholm, B Lundbäck, A Malinovschi, R Middelveld, J Nilsson Sommar, D Norbäck, C Janson
BACKGROUND: An association between dampness at home and respiratory conditions has been convincingly demonstrated in children. Fewer studies have been performed in adults, and data are lacking for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). With a prevalence of 10.9% in Europe, CRS imposes a significant burden on quality of life, as well as economy. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study CRS and other respiratory conditions in relation to dampness at home in a representative sample of adults...
November 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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