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Thermic effect of protein

Borja Martinez-Tellez, Lourdes Ortiz-Alvarez, Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Huiwen Xu, Francisco M Acosta, Elisa Merchan-Ramirez, Victoria Muñoz-Hernandez, Wendy D Martinez-Avila, Miguel A Contreras-Gomez, Angel Gil, Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R Ruiz
BACKGROUND & AIM: The thermic effect of food (TEF) refers to the increase of the metabolic rate and body temperature in response to a single meal. To date, most of the studies have focused to determine the TEF in terms of energy expenditure, but little is known about which is the response in terms of skin temperature. The aim of this study was to analyze whether the thermic effect of food (TEF) on the skin temperature with a standardized and individualized liquid meal test is different in young adult men than in young adult women...
June 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
S A Adler, R Slizyte, K Honkapää, A-K Løes
Beta-keratin in poultry feathers is a structural protein that is resistant to degradation due to disulfide and hydrogen bonds. Feather meal can be a valuable feed compound if the digestibility can be increased. The objective of the present study was to analyze the effects of chemical, enzymatic, and pressure-thermic treatments for chicken feathers on solubility, in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD), and amino acid composition of solubilized and residual fractions. Two experiments were conducted. In experiment 1, models for solubility and IVPD were developed including the above factors applying a central composite face-centered design...
May 23, 2018: Poultry Science
Didier Tirado-Duarte, Marcel Marín-Villa, Rodrigo Ochoa, Gustavo Blandón-Fuentes, Maurilio José Soares, Sara Maria Robledo, Rubén E Varela-Miranda
The Akt-like kinase of Leishmania spp. is a cytoplasmic orthologous protein of the serine/threonine kinase B-PKB/human-Akt group, which is involved in the cellular survival of these parasites. By the application of a computational strategy we obtained two specific inhibitors of the Akt-like protein of L. panamensis (UBMC1 and UBMC4), which are predicted to bind specifically to the pleckstrin domain (PH) of the enzyme. We show that the Akt-like of Leishmania panamensis is phospho-activated in parasites under nutritional and thermic stress, this phosphorylation is blocked by the UBMC1 and UMBC2 and such inhibition leads to cell death...
January 2018: Acta Tropica
Maharani Retna Duhita, Yves Schutz, Jean-Pierre Montani, Abdul G Dulloo, Jennifer L Miles-Chan
OBJECTIVE: There is much interest in the role of dietary protein for weight control. However, there remains a need to characterize individual determinants of the thermogenic effects of protein. This study aimed to investigate the influence of menstrual cycle phase and the combined, monophasic oral contraceptive pill on the thermogenic response to a standardized high-protein (HP) versus normal-protein (NP) meal. METHODS: Following an overnight fast, resting energy expenditure (EE) was measured in 16 healthy young women (8 taking and 8 not taking the pill) and 8 men for 30 minutes pre ingestion and 3 hours post ingestion of a NP (11%) or HP (24%) meal...
September 2017: Obesity
Alan A Aragon, Brad J Schoenfeld, Robert Wildman, Susan Kleiner, Trisha VanDusseldorp, Lem Taylor, Conrad P Earnest, Paul J Arciero, Colin Wilborn, Douglas S Kalman, Jeffrey R Stout, Darryn S Willoughby, Bill Campbell, Shawn M Arent, Laurent Bannock, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jose Antonio
Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature regarding the effects of diet types (macronutrient composition; eating styles) and their influence on body composition. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1) There is a multitude of diet types and eating styles, whereby numerous subtypes fall under each major dietary archetype. 2) All body composition assessment methods have strengths and limitations. 3) Diets primarily focused on fat loss are driven by a sustained caloric deficit...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Christopher L Melby, Hunter L Paris, Rebecca M Foright, James Peth
Metabolic adaptations occur with weight loss that result in increased hunger with discordant simultaneous reductions in energy requirements-producing the so-called energy gap in which more energy is desired than is required. The increased hunger is associated with elevation of the orexigenic hormone ghrelin and decrements in anorexigenic hormones. The lower total daily energy expenditure with diet-induced weight loss results from (1) a disproportionately greater decrease in circulating leptin and resting metabolic rate (RMR) than would be predicted based on the decline in body mass, (2) decreased thermic effect of food (TEF), and (3) increased energy efficiency at work intensities characteristic of activities of daily living...
May 6, 2017: Nutrients
Flor E Morales, Grant M Tinsley, Paul M Gordon
BACKGROUND: High-protein diets have been shown to improve body composition through alterations in satiety, muscle protein synthesis, and the thermic effect of food. AIM: Given these findings, the purpose of this review is to discuss the integration of the specific hormonal and metabolic effects of high-protein diets following both acute and long-term usage, especially with regard to body composition. METHODS: Full-text articles were obtained through PubMed by using the terms "high-protein diet and body composition," "high-protein diet and exercise," "high-protein diet risk," "high-protein diet side effects," "protein quality PDCAAS," "RDA for protein," and "daily protein recommendation...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Hani Alfheeaid, Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Ana-Maria Năstase, Mie Elhauge, Barbara Cochrane, Dalia Malkova
BACKGROUND: Dietary management of phenylketonuria (PKU) requires the replacement of natural protein-containing foods with special low protein foods. The effect of a PKU type diet on factors contributing to energy balance requires investigation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of a PKU type meal on appetite ratings, gut appetite hormones, thermic effect of feeding (TEF) and fat oxidation. METHODS: Twenty-three healthy adults (mean ± SD age: 24...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Tristan Chalvon-Demersay, Patrick C Even, Daniel Tomé, Catherine Chaumontet, Julien Piedcoq, Claire Gaudichon, Dalila Azzout-Marniche
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a polypeptide secreted by the liver and involved in several metabolic processes such as thermogenesis and lipid oxidation. The nutritional mechanisms controlling FGF21 production are poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate how dietary carbohydrates and proteins impact FGF21 production and how in turn, FGF21 is involved in the metabolic adaptation to changes in the carbohydrate and protein contents of the diet. For that purpose, we fed 25 male C57BL/6 mice diets composed of different protein and carbohydrate contents (normal-protein and carbohydrate diet (N=9, NPNC), low-protein high-carbohydrate diet (N=8, LPHC), high-protein low-carbohydrate diet (N=8, HPLC) for 3 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Brianna L Neumann, Amy Dunn, Dallas Johnson, J D Adams, Jamie I Baum
The purpose of this study was to determine if breakfast macronutrient composition improved thermic effect of feeding (TEF) and appetite after a one-week adaptation in young women who habitually skip breakfast. A randomized, controlled study was conducted in females (24.1 ± 2 years), who skip breakfast (≥5 times/week). Participants were placed into one of three groups for eight days (n = 8 per group): breakfast skipping (SKP; no breakfast), carbohydrate (CHO; 351 kcal; 59 g CHO, 10 g PRO, 8 g fat) or protein (PRO; 350 kcal; 39 g CHO, 30 g PRO, 8 g fat)...
August 10, 2016: Nutrients
Elizabeth F Sutton, George A Bray, Jeffrey H Burton, Steven R Smith, Leanne M Redman
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether prolonged consumption of high- or low-protein diets modifies the thermogenic response to a standard meal. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy individuals were randomized to overfeeding diets containing low (5%, n = 8), normal (15%, n = 9), or high (25%, n = 7) protein for 56 days while inpatients. The thermic effect of food (TEF) was measured over 4 h by indirect calorimetry following a standard meal (20% of energy, 20% protein) or a meal that matched the study diet ("study meal")...
August 2016: Obesity
Thomas Blauenfeldt, Dirk Wagner, Martine Aabye, Jan Heyckendorf, Berit Lange, Christoph Lange, Martin Ernst, Pernille Ravn, Raquel Duarte, Clara Morais, Matthias Hoffmann, Otto D Schoch, Jose Dominguez, Irene Latorre, Morten Ruhwald
INTRODUCTION: Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) inducible protein 10kD (IP-10) and IFN-γ release assays (IGRAs) are immunodiagnostic tests aiming to identify the presence of specific cellular immune responses, interpreted as markers for latent infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Incubation at higher temperatures could affect IFN-γ and IP-10 responsiveness in order to improve the performance of IP-10 release assays and IGRAs. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the robustness of whole blood based IP-10 release assay and IGRAs and the effect of hyper-thermic incubation (39 °C) on the diagnostic accuracy of IP-10 release assay and IGRAs...
May 2016: Tuberculosis
Georg Seifert, Volker Budach, Ulrich Keilholz, Peter Wust, Angelika Eggert, Pirus Ghadjar
Here we evaluate the current status of clinical research on regional hyperthermia (RHT) in combination with chemotherapy or radiation therapy in paediatric oncology.Data were identified in searches of MEDLINE, Current Contents, PubMed, and references from relevant articles using medical subject headings including hyperthermia, cancer, paediatric oncology, children, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Currently, only two RHT centres exist in Europe which treat children. Clinical RHT research in paediatric oncology has as yet been limited to children with sarcomas and germ cell tumours that respond poorly to or recur after chemotherapy...
April 30, 2016: Radiation Oncology
Jia Li, Cheryl L H Armstrong, Wayne W Campbell
Higher protein meals increase satiety and the thermic effect of feeding (TEF) in acute settings, but it is unclear whether these effects remain after a person becomes acclimated to energy restriction or a given protein intake. This study assessed the effects of predominant protein source (omnivorous, beef/pork vs. lacto-ovo vegetarian, soy/legume) and quantity (10%, 20%, or 30% of energy from protein) on appetite, energy expenditure, and cardio-metabolic indices during energy restriction (ER) in overweight and obese adults...
January 26, 2016: Nutrients
Kong Y Chen, Ranganath Muniyappa, Brent S Abel, Katherine P Mullins, Pamela Staker, Robert J Brychta, Xiongce Zhao, Michael Ring, Tricia L Psota, Roger D Cone, Brandon L Panaro, Keith M Gottesdiener, Lex H T Van der Ploeg, Marc L Reitman, Monica C Skarulis
CONTEXT: Activation of the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) with the synthetic agonist RM-493 decreases body weight and increases energy expenditure (EE) in nonhuman primates. The effects of MC4R agonists on EE in humans have not been examined to date. OBJECTIVE, DESIGN, AND SETTING: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study, we examined the effects of the MC4R agonist RM-493 on resting energy expenditure (REE) in obese subjects in an inpatient setting...
April 2015: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Dominik H Pesta, Varman T Samuel
High protein diets are increasingly popularized in lay media as a promising strategy for weight loss by providing the twin benefits of improving satiety and decreasing fat mass. Some of the potential mechanisms that account for weight loss associated with high-protein diets involve increased secretion of satiety hormones (GIP, GLP-1), reduced orexigenic hormone secretion (ghrelin), the increased thermic effect of food and protein-induced alterations in gluconeogenesis to improve glucose homeostasis. There are, however, also possible caveats that have to be considered when choosing to consume a high-protein diet...
2014: Nutrition & Metabolism
Andrew W McHill, Edward L Melanson, Janine Higgins, Elizabeth Connick, Thomas M Moehlman, Ellen R Stothard, Kenneth P Wright
Eating at a time when the internal circadian clock promotes sleep is a novel risk factor for weight gain and obesity, yet little is known about mechanisms by which circadian misalignment leads to metabolic dysregulation in humans. We studied 14 adults in a 6-d inpatient simulated shiftwork protocol and quantified changes in energy expenditure, macronutrient utilization, appetitive hormones, sleep, and circadian phase during day versus nightshift work. We found that total daily energy expenditure increased by ∼4% on the transition day to the first nightshift, which consisted of an afternoon nap and extended wakefulness, whereas total daily energy expenditure decreased by ∼3% on each of the second and third nightshift days, which consisted of daytime sleep followed by afternoon and nighttime wakefulness...
December 2, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
P H R F Campos, E Labussière, J Hernández-García, S Dubois, D Renaudeau, J Noblet
High ambient temperature impacts feed intake, growth, and nutrient utilization in pigs. However, little is known on its effects on immune function and, therefore, on how or if it could modulate the utilization of nutrients in pigs exposed to an inflammatory challenge. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of high ambient temperature on energy and nitrogen utilization in pigs submitted to repeated injections of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Twenty-eight catheterized and pair-housed female pigs (55 kg BW) were assigned to 1 of the 2 thermal conditions: thermoneutrality (TN, 24°C) or high ambient temperature (HT, 30°C)...
November 2014: Journal of Animal Science
Ashley Binns, Michelle Gray, Ro Di Brezzo
OBJECTIVES: Exercise and the thermic effect of food contribute to total energy expenditure and overall maintenance of health. The aim of this study was to determine the interaction between TEF and exercise on TEE based on meal protein content. DESIGN: A randomized, repeated measures study. METHODS: Ten active females, of normal body weight, participated. Preliminary maximal aerobic capacity (VO₂max) was determined. Three additional testing sessions consisted of performing a 30-min bout of exercise at 60% VO₂max after consumption of a high (45% total kcal) or low (15% total kcal) protein meal, or fasted...
March 2015: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Jun-ichi Wakamatsu, Naomasa Takabayashi, Misako Ezoe, Takanori Hasegawa, Tatsuya Fujimura, Yoshihisa Takahata, Fumiki Morimatsu, Takanori Nishimura
We investigated the postprandial thermic effect of chicken and its mechanisms in rats. A chicken diet showed a strong thermic effect after consumption, and the removal of fat induced more rapid and stronger thermogenesis. Although thermogenesis induced by a purified chicken protein diet was also strong, the thermic reaction was not so rapid and a remarkable rise of peripheral temperatures was not observed. Defatted chicken and purified chicken protein activated the thyroid hormone system and up-regulated rate-limiting enzyme genes of glucose metabolism and the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle in the liver...
2013: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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