Read by QxMD icon Read

anesthesia for the patients with congenital heart disease

Rafael Arboleda Salazar, Jane Heggie, Piotr Wolski, Eric Horlick, Mark Osten, Massimiliano Meineri
BACKGROUND: Twenty percent of patients born with congenital heart disease present with right ventricular outflow tract abnormalities. These patients require multiple surgical procedures in their lifetime. Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) has become a viable alternative to conventional pulmonary valve and right ventricular outflow tract surgery in pediatric and adult populations. In this retrospective review, we analyze the perioperative management of adult patients who underwent TPVR in our center...
March 14, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
C-H Wang, J Luo, J Li, J-Z Zhang, S-Y Huang, W Shao, H-S Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of inhalational sevoflurane anesthesia induction on inhibiting the stress response to endotracheal intubation in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty ASA physical status I/II pediatric patients scheduled for interventricular septal defect repair or interatrial septal defect repair, were randomly divided into two groups (20 each): intravenous induction group (Group C) and inhalational sevoflurane anesthesia induction group (Group D)...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Denise C Joffe, Mark R Shi, Carson C Welker
Most patients with congenital heart disease have a cardiac shunt whose direction and magnitude can have a major impact on cardiorespiratory physiology and function. The dynamics of the shunt can be significantly altered by anesthetic management and must be understood in order to provide optimal anesthetic care. Given that there are now more adults than children with congenital heart disease and that the majority of nonpediatric patients are cared for in centers without special expertise in congenital heart disease, it is imperative that all anesthesia providers have a general understanding of the subject...
March 6, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Nobuko Ohashi, Hidekazu Imai, Yutaka Seino, Hiroshi Baba
OBJECTIVES: Determination of the appropriate tracheal tube size using formulas based on age or height often is inaccurate in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), particularly in those with high pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP). Here, the authors compared tracheal diameters between pediatric patients with CHD with high PAP and low PAP. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Pediatric patients, from birth to 6 months of age, requiring general anesthesia and tracheal intubation who underwent computed tomography were included...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Miguel Silva Vieira, Markus Henningsson, Nathalie Dedieu, Vassilios S Vassiliou, Aaron Bell, Sujeev Mathur, Kuberan Pushparajah, Carlos Alberto Figueroa, Tarique Hussain, René Botnar, Gerald F Greil
BACKGROUND: CMRA in pediatrics remains challenging due to the smaller vessel size, high heart rates (HR), potential image degradation caused by limited patient cooperation and long acquisition times. High-relaxivity contrast agents have been shown to improve coronary imaging in adults, but limited data is available in children. We sought to investigate whether gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) together with self-navigated inversion-prepared coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA) sequence design improves coronary image quality in pediatric patients...
January 12, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Brian Schloss, Dmitry Tumin, Aymen Naguib, Julie Rice, Mark Galantowicz, Joseph D Tobias
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of the LiDCO-rapid™ during intraoperative phlebotomy in anesthetized children prior to surgery for congenital heart disease. Methods: After the induction of general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation, baseline vital signs were recorded, along with pulse pressure variability (PPV) and stroke volume variability (SVV) from the LiDCO-rapid™ and cerebral oxygenation (rSO2 ) using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
Peter C Laussen
Cardiac anesthesia and critical care provide an important continuum of care for patients with congenital heart disease. Clinicians in both areas work in complex environments in which the interactions between humans and technology is critical. Understanding our contributions to outcomes (modifiable risk) and our ability to perceive and predict an evolving clinical state (low failure-to-predict rate) are important performance metrics. Improved methods for capturing continuous physiologic signals will allow for new and interactive approaches to data visualization, and for sophisticated and iterative data modeling that will help define a patient's phenotype and response to treatment (precision physiology)...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takeshi Yokoyama
Branchio-oto-renal syndrome (BOR) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder. The features include branchial cysts, hearing loss, ear malformation, preauricular pits, retrognathia, congenital heart disease, and renal abnormalities. However, anesthetic management of these patients has seldom been reported. We report a case in which general anesthesia was performed for dental treatment in a patient with BOR. Airway management, renal function, and hemodynamic changes can be of critical concern during anesthetic management...
September 2017: Journal of dental anesthesia and pain medicine
Jindong Li, Yanhong Wu, Xudong Tian, Jiantang Wang, Mingfeng Dong, Anbiao Wang, Shengjun Ma
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of pulmonary arterial perfusion (PAP) with Histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) on lung protection in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Fifty infant patients with CHD and PAH at our hospital from January, 2016 to February, 2017 were randomly divided into control group and HTK group. The levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), malondialdehyde (MDA), and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in serum were detected using ELISA Kit...
December 22, 2017: Bioscience Reports
Nina A Guzzetta, Luis Zabala, Emad B Mossad
The Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society is an international body instituted for collaboration among parties with interest in the perioepartive care of patients with congenial heart disease. This report is a review and update on the first 12 years of this society.
December 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Saori Morinaga, Masanori Tsukamoto, Takeshi Yokoyama
Chromosome 6p duplication is very rare and clinically characterized by short stature, mental retardation, and congenital heart diseases. Patients with mental retardation may present with poor oral health conditions. Dental treatment may need to be performed under general anesthesia in such patients. Our case report deals with induction of general anesthesia to a patient with chromosome 6p duplication, for dental treatment. The selection of a nasotracheal tube of an appropriate size, because of the patient's short stature, was especially important for airway management...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takashi Hitosugi, Kanako Esaki, Takeshi Yokoyama
Trisomy 13 is a chromosomal disorder that occurs in complete or partial mosaic forms. It is characterized by central apnea, mental retardation, seizure and congenital heart disease. The survival of the patients with trisomy 13 is the majority dying before one month. Trisomy 13 is the worst life prognosis among all trisomy syndromes. It is reported the cause of death is central apnea. Special needs patients with mental retardation are recognized to have poorer oral health condition. Oral health related quality of life reflects daily activity and well-being...
December 0: Anesthesia Progress
Yuan Han, Zhenfeng Zhang, Qingchun Sun, Ke Ding, Liu Han, Mengmeng Dong, Yifan Xu, Lei Ge
BACKGROUND: Cor triloculare biventriculare accounts for approximately 0.31% of cases of congenital heart disease (CHD). Moreover, people with cor triloculare biventriculare always have shorter life spans, and cases of gestation are rare. There have been various related reports of cor triloculare biventriculare in recent years. CASE PRESENTATION: We described an emergency cesarean section of a 30-year-old, 38-weeks-pregnant woman suffering from cardiac insufficiency and fetal distress...
August 29, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
Robert J Graham, Michael L McManus, Angie Mae Rodday, Ruth Ann Weidner, Susan K Parsons
OBJECTIVE: Describe utilization and satisfaction in a specialty integrated care program for children with severe, chronic respiratory insufficiency (CRI). SUBJECTS: Enrollees of the Critical Care, Anesthesia, Perioperative Extension (CAPE) and Home Ventilation Program. METHODS: Children with CRI received home visits, care coordination, and "on-demand" 24/7 access to physicians. Program activity and outcomes were recorded for 3 years using an adapted Care Coordination Measurement Tool© version...
March 2017: Healthcare
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
July 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Murali Chakravarthy
Challenging times are here for cardiac surgical and anesthesia team. The interventional cardiologist seem to have closed the flow of 'good cases' coming up for any of the surgery,; successful percutaneous interventions seem to be offering reasonable results in these patients, who therefore do not knock on the doors of the surgeons any more . It is a common experience among the cardiac anesthesiologists and surgeons that the type of the cases that come by now are high risk. That may be presence of comorbidities, ongoing medical therapies, unstable angina, uncontrolled heart failure and rhythm disturbances; and in patients with ischemic heart disease, the target coronaries are far from ideal...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Vandana Bhardwaj, Poonam Malhotra, Suruchi Hasija, Ujjwal Kumar Chowdury, Neha Pangasa
INTRODUCTION: In the last few years, viscoelastic point-of-care (POC) coagulation devices such as thromboelastography (TEG), rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM), and Sonoclot (SON) analyzer have been increasingly used in major surgeries for timely assessment and management of coagulopathies. The aim of the present study was to evaluate coagulation profile of cyanotic cardiac patients with TEG, ROTEM, and SON analyzer. In addition, we assessed the correlation of standard laboratory coagulation tests and postoperative chest drain output (CDO) with the parameters of POC testing devices...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Vishwakarma Rajkumar, Bhupesh Kumar, Vikas Dutta, Anand K Mishra, Goverdhan Dutt Puri
OBJECTIVES: To assess the utility of Sonoclot in prediction of postoperative bleeding in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass for congenital cyanotic heart disease. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-seven pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery for congenital cyanotic heart disease. INTERVENTIONS: Laboratory coagulation parameters (prothrombin time, international normalization ratio, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen, D-dimer) as well as point-of-care Sonoclot glass bead activation time, clot rate, and platelet function (gbPF) were done before induction of anesthesia and following heparin reversal after termination of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in all patients...
June 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Fabio V Lima, Jie Yang, Jianjin Xu, Kathleen Stergiopoulos
Investigation of trends and outcomes in heart disease (HD) and pregnancy has been limited. We chose to identify the prevalence, trends, and outcomes of pregnant women with different forms of HD in the United States. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's National Inpatient Sample was screened for hospital admissions for delivery in pregnant women with HD from 2003 to 2012. Maternal clinical characteristics and outcomes were identified in women with and without HD, and in HD subtypes: congenital (CHD), valvular HD, cardiomyopathy, and pulmonary hypertension (PH)...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
Adam C Adler, Ramesh Kodavatiganti
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare form of congenital heart disease in which the persistence of the right ventricle as the systemic ventricle leads to heart failure, tricuspid valve insufficiency, and arrhythmia. Supraventricular arrhythmias are especially common in these patients. We discuss the anesthetic management of a 33-year-old patient with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries who required a ventricular assist device to maintain cardiac output during ablation of supraventricular tachyarrythmia...
June 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"