keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intrapartum antibiotics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129472/effectiveness-of-intrapartum-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-early-onset-group-b-streptococcal-infection-an-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Kathryn Braye, John Ferguson, Deborah Davis, Christine Catling, Amy Monk, Maralyn Foureur
BACKGROUND: In some countries, up to 30% of women are exposed to intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of early-onset group B Streptococcal infection. Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis aims to reduce the risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality from this infection. The intervention may adversely affect non-pathogenic bacteria which are passed to the newborn during birth and are considered important in optimising health. Since many women are offered intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, effectiveness and implications of this intervention need to be established...
November 9, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124501/quality-and-clinical-outcomes-associated-with-a-gentamicin-use-system-change-for-managing-chorioamnionitis
#2
Jason B Sauberan, Brittney Choi, Alexander R Paradyse, Jennifer Le
Chorioamnionitis is an intra-amniotic infection with serious maternal and neonatal complications. Clinical studies suggest antibiotic administration before delivery reduces the risk of complications compared to after delivery. Our center implemented a standardized intrapartum gentamicin computerized provider order entry and dosage form dispensing system intended to improve treatment initiation efficiency in hospitalized obstetric patients. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to determine if these system changes were associated with decreased time from gentamicin ordering to administration in patients with chorioamnionitis...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117332/estimates-of-the-burden-of-group-b-streptococcal-disease-worldwide-for-pregnant-women-stillbirths-and-children
#3
Anna C Seale, Fiorella Bianchi-Jassir, Neal J Russell, Maya Kohli-Lynch, Cally J Tann, Jenny Hall, Lola Madrid, Hannah Blencowe, Simon Cousens, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Paul T Heath, Margaret Ip, Kirsty Le Doare, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie J Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Joy E Lawn
Background: We aimed to provide the first comprehensive estimates of the burden of group B Streptococcus (GBS), including invasive disease in pregnant and postpartum women, fetal infection/stillbirth, and infants. Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis is the current mainstay of prevention, reducing early-onset infant disease in high-income contexts. Maternal GBS vaccines are in development. Methods: For 2015 live births, we used a compartmental model to estimate (1) exposure to maternal GBS colonization, (2) cases of infant invasive GBS disease, (3) deaths, and (4) disabilities...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117326/infant-group-b-streptococcal-disease-incidence-and-serotypes-worldwide-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#4
Lola Madrid, Anna C Seale, Maya Kohli-Lynch, Karen M Edmond, Joy E Lawn, Paul T Heath, Shabir A Madhi, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Margaret Ip, Kirsty Le Doare, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Stephanie Schrag
Background: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains a leading cause of neonatal sepsis in high-income contexts, despite declines due to intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP). Recent evidence suggests higher incidence in Africa, where IAP is rare. We investigated the global incidence of infant invasive GBS disease and the associated serotypes, updating previous estimates. Methods: We conducted systematic literature reviews (PubMed/Medline, Embase, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature [LILACS], World Health Organization Library Information System [WHOLIS], and Scopus) and sought unpublished data regarding invasive GBS disease in infants aged 0-89 days...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117325/risk-of-early-onset-neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-disease-with-maternal-colonization-worldwide-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#5
Neal J Russell, Anna C Seale, Catherine O'Sullivan, Kirsty Le Doare, Paul T Heath, Joy E Lawn, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael Gravett, Margaret Ip, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Carol J Baker
Background: Early-onset group B streptococcal disease (EOGBS) occurs in neonates (days 0-6) born to pregnant women who are rectovaginally colonized with group B Streptococcus (GBS), but the risk of EOGBS from vertical transmission has not been systematically reviewed. This article, the seventh in a series on the burden of GBS disease, aims to estimate this risk and how it varies with coverage of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP), used to reduce the incidence of EOGBS. Methods: We conducted systematic reviews (Pubmed/Medline, Embase, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), World Health Organization Library Information System [WHOLIS], and Scopus) and sought unpublished data from investigator groups on maternal GBS colonization and neonatal outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117324/intrapartum-antibiotic-chemoprophylaxis-policies-for-the-prevention-of-group-b-streptococcal-disease-worldwide-systematic-review
#6
Kirsty Le Doare, Megan O'Driscoll, Kim Turner, Farah Seedat, Neal J Russell, Anna C Seale, Paul T Heath, Joy E Lawn, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Margaret Ip, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Beate Kampmann
Background: Intrapartum antibiotic chemoprophylaxis (IAP) prevents most early-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) disease. However, there is no description of how IAP is used around the world. This article is the sixth in a series estimating the burden of GBS disease. Here we aimed to review GBS screening policies and IAP implementation worldwide. Methods: We identified data through (1) systematic literature reviews (PubMed/Medline, Embase, Literature in the Health Sciences in Latin America and the Caribbean [LILACS], World Health Organization library database [WHOLIS], and Scopus) and unpublished data from professional societies and (2) an online survey and searches of policies from medical societies and professionals...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117323/group-b-streptococcal-disease-worldwide-for-pregnant-women-stillbirths-and-children-why-what-and-how-to-undertake-estimates
#7
Joy E Lawn, Fiorella Bianchi-Jassir, Neal J Russell, Maya Kohli-Lynch, Cally J Tann, Jennifer Hall, Lola Madrid, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Paul T Heath, Margaret Ip, Kirsty Le Doare, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Anna C Seale
Improving maternal, newborn, and child health is central to Sustainable Development Goal targets for 2030, requiring acceleration especially to prevent 5.6 million deaths around the time of birth. Infections contribute to this burden, but etiological data are limited. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an important perinatal pathogen, although previously focus has been primarily on liveborn children, especially early-onset disease. In this first of an 11-article supplement, we discuss the following: (1) Why estimate the worldwide burden of GBS disease? (2) What outcomes of GBS in pregnancy should be included? (3) What data and epidemiological parameters are required? (4) What methods and models can be used to transparently estimate this burden of GBS? (5) What are the challenges with available data? and (6) How can estimates address data gaps to better inform GBS interventions including maternal immunization? We review all available GBS data worldwide, including maternal GBS colonization, risk of neonatal disease (with/without intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis), maternal GBS disease, neonatal/infant GBS disease, and subsequent impairment, plus GBS-associated stillbirth, preterm birth, and neonatal encephalopathy...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103237/inflammatory-response-in-preterm-newborns-born-after-prolonged-premature-rupture-of-membranes-is-there-a-correlation-with-placental-histological-findings
#8
Neri Katz, Letizia Schreiber, Anat Oron, Sarel Halachmi, David Kohelet
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates in the United States. Early recognition of sepsis in this population is a challenging task since overt clinical signs can be difficult to determine. C-reactive protein (CRP), one of the most frequently non-specific used laboratory test, can indirectly aid the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between histological findings in the placenta of preterm newborns born after prolonged rupture of membranes, CRP levels, and blood cultures...
October 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096709/strategies-for-preventing-group-b-streptococcal-infections-in-newborns-a-nation-wide-survey-of-italian-policies
#9
Chryssoula Tzialla, Alberto Berardi, Claudio Farina, Pierangelo Clerici, Alessandro Borghesi, Elsa Viora, Paolo Scollo, Mauro Stronati
BACKGROUND: There are no Italian data regarding the strategies for preventing neonatal group B streptococcal (GBS) infection. We conducted a national survey in order to explore obstetrical, neonatal and microbiological practices for the GBS prevention. METHODS: Three distinct questionnaires were sent to obstetricians, neonatologists and microbiologists. Questionnaires included data on prenatal GBS screening, maternal risk factors, intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, microbiological information concerning specimen processing and GBS antimicrobial susceptibility...
November 2, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082442/intrapartum-group-b-streptococcus-screening-in-the-labor-ward-by-xpert%C3%A2-gbs-real-time-pcr
#10
C Plainvert, F El Alaoui, A Tazi, C Joubrel, O Anselem, M Ballon, A Frigo, C Branger, L Mandelbrot, F Goffinet, C Poyart
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of neonatal infections in industrialized countries. Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) given to colonized parturients is a key step for the prevention of neonatal early-onset infection. We compared the performances of Xpert® GBS polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (Cepheid, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) as a point-of-care system in labor wards to standard culture for intrapartum GBS detection. Pregnant women with a GBS-positive antenatal screening were prospectively included...
October 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081565/erythematous-plaques-and-papules-on-a-premature-infant
#11
Kelsie Riemenschneider, Rachel Redenius, Jeff Reese, Jo-David Fine, Joern-Hendrik Weitkamp, Eric Tkaczyk
A 2240 gram boy was born at 33.2 weeks gestation with nonblanching, deeply erythematous plaques and papules on the back, flanks, and scalp (Figure 1). His mother was GBS positive and on antibiotic suppression for prior cutaneous MRSA and urinary tract infections. Intrapartum intravenous Penicillin G was administered, and the amniotic sac was artificially ruptured 4 hours prior to delivery to facilitate labor. The delivery was uncomplicated without concern for chorioamnionitis, but the patient initially required CPAP for respiratory distress with 1-minute and 5-minute Apgar scores of 7 and 8, respectively...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037552/the-impact-of-prenatal-group-b-streptococcus-screening-as-a-national-health-policy-in-taiwan
#12
Fung-Wei Chang, Chun-I Lee, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Her-Young Su, Yung-Liang Liu, Cheng-Yu Chen
OBJECTIVE: There was no national data on group B streptococcus (GBS) infections in Taiwan. Until 2012, when prenatal GBS screening was introduced to obstetric practices as a national health policy aimed at reducing neonatal GBS infections. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of this national health policy on the incidence of maternal GBS colonization and neonatal GBS infection rate. Relatedly, the clinical characteristics of neonatal GBS infection were investigated to determine the correlations between the incidence of maternal GBS colonization and the neonatal GBS infection rate...
October 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036682/perinatal-risk-factors-for-neonatal-early-onset-group-b-streptococcal-sepsis-after-initiation-of-risk-based-maternal-intrapartum-antibiotic-prophylaxis-a-case-control-study
#13
Sridhar Santhanam, Sumita Arun, Grace Rebekah, Nithya J Ponmudi, Jolly Chandran, Ruby Jose, Atanu Kumar Jana
Objectives: To identify the perinatal risk factors for early-onset Group B Streptococcus (EOGBS) sepsis in neonates after inception of a risk-based maternal intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis strategy in 2004. Design: Case control study. Methods: All newborn with early onset GBS sepsis (born between 2004 and 2013) were deemed to be "cases" and controls were selected in a 1:4 ratio. Results: More than three per vaginal (PV) examinations [odds ratio (OR) 8...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988290/early-microbiota-antibiotics-and-health
#14
REVIEW
Alicja M Nogacka, Nuria Salazar, Silvia Arboleya, Marta Suárez, Nuria Fernández, Gonzalo Solís, Clara G de Los Reyes-Gavilán, Miguel Gueimonde
The colonization of the neonatal digestive tract provides a microbial stimulus required for an adequate maturation towards the physiological homeostasis of the host. This colonization, which is affected by several factors, begins with facultative anaerobes and continues with anaerobic genera. Accumulating evidence underlines the key role of the early neonatal period for this microbiota-induced maturation, being a key determinant factor for later health. Therefore, understanding the factors that determine the establishment of the microbiota in the infant is of critical importance...
October 7, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951085/cost-effectiveness-of-a-potential-group-b-streptococcal-vaccine-for-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states
#15
Sun-Young Kim, Chi Nguyen, Louise B Russell, Sara Tomczyk, Fatimah Abdul-Hakeem, Stephanie J Schrag, Jennifer R Verani, Anushua Sinha
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) for pregnant women colonized with group B streptococcus (GBS) has reduced GBS disease in the first week of life (early-onset/EOGBS). Nonetheless, GBS remains a leading cause of neonatal sepsis, including 1000 late-onset (LOGBS) cases annually. A maternal vaccine under development could prevent EOGBS and LOGBS. METHODS: Using a decision-analytic model, we compared the public health impact, costs, and cost-effectiveness of five strategies to prevent GBS disease in infants: (1) no prevention; (2) currently recommended screening/IAP; (3) maternal GBS immunization; (4) maternal immunization with IAP when indicated for unimmunized women; (5) maternal immunization plus screening/IAP for all women...
October 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937572/obstetric-care-consensus-no-6-periviable-birth
#16
(no author information available yet)
Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When delivery is anticipated near the limit of viability, families and health care teams are faced with complex and ethically challenging decisions. Multiple factors have been found to be associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of periviable births in addition to gestational age at birth...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937567/obstetric-care-consensus-no-6-summary-periviable-birth
#17
(no author information available yet)
Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When delivery is anticipated near the limit of viability, families and health care teams are faced with complex and ethically challenging decisions. Multiple factors have been found to be associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of periviable births in addition to gestational age at birth...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882582/group-b-streptococcal-infection-in-neonates-and-colonization-in-pregnant-women-an-epidemiological-retrospective-analysis
#18
Ching-Yi Cho, Yi-Hsuan Tang, Yu-Hsuan Chen, Szu-Yao Wang, Yi-Hsin Yang, Ting-Hao Wang, Chang-Ching Yeh, Keh-Gong Wu, Mei-Jy Jeng
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection is one of the major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Universal GBS screening with intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) in pregnant women were initiated in 2012 in Taiwan. This study aimed to analyze the most recent maternal GBS colonization rate and the changes in neonatal GBS infection rate from 2011 to 2016. METHODS: All pregnant women and their live born neonates between January 2011 and June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832916/reduced-incidence-of-neonatal-early-onset-group-b-streptococcal-infection-after-promulgation-of-guidelines-for-risk-based-intrapartum-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-sweden-analysis-of-a-national-population-based-cohort
#19
Stellan Håkansson, Maria Lilja, Bo Jacobsson, Karin Källén
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the incidence of neonatal early-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) infection in Sweden after promulgation of guidelines (2008) for risk factor-based intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, and evaluate the presence of risk factors and obstetric management in mothers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: National registers were searched for infants with early-onset GBS infection during 2006-2011. Medical records of cases and case mothers were abstracted...
August 19, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817995/intrapartum-test-for-detection-of-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-during-labor
#20
Elena Picchiassi, Giuliana Coata, Giulia Babucci, Irene Giardina, Valentina Summa, Federica Tarquini, Michela Centra, Vittorio Bini, Benito Cappuccini, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential improvement of introducing an intrapartum test for the detection of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) during labor and to estimate its cost-effectiveness versus antepartum GBS screening culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirteen women at beginning of labor, with unknown GBS status or with antepartum GBS screening culture were enrolled. A vaginal-rectal specimen was collected from each woman for GBS detection by real-time PCR...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
38710
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"