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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915991/adolescent-and-parental-reactions-to-puberty-in-nigeria-and-kenya-a-cross-cultural-and-intergenerational-comparison
#1
Bamidele M Bello, Adesegun O Fatusi, Oluwatomi E Adepoju, Beatrice W Maina, Caroline W Kabiru, Marni Sommer, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: This qualitative study assesses the cross-cultural and intergenerational reactions of young adolescents and parents to puberty in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Sixty-six boys and girls (aged 11-13 years) and their parents participated in narrative interviews conducted in English or local languages in two urban poor settings in Ile-Ife and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated, and uploaded into Atlas.ti software for coding and analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915111/the-effect-of-group-counseling-based-on-self-awareness-skill-on-sexual-risk-taking-among-girl-students-in-gorgan-iran-a-randomized-trial
#2
Golnoosh Kabiri, Tayebe Ziaei, Masumeh Rezaei Aval, Mohammad Ali Vakili
Background Sexual puberty in adolescents occurs before their mental and emotional maturity and exposes them to high-risk sexual behaviors. Because sexual risk-taking occurs before adolescents become involved in a sexual relationship, this study was conducted to identify the effect of group counseling based on self-awareness skill on sexual risk-taking among female high school students in Gorgan in order to suggest some preventative measures. Methods The present parallel study is a randomized field trial conducted on 96 girl students who were studying in grades 10, 11 and 12 of high school with an age range of 14-18 years old...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914151/defining-social-class-across-time-and-between-groups
#3
Dov Cohen, Faith Shin, Xi Liu, Peter Ondish, Michael W Kraus
We examined changes over four decades and between ethnic groups in how people define their social class. Changes included the increasing importance of income, decreasing importance of occupational prestige, and the demise of the "Victorian bargain," in which poor people who subscribed to conservative sexual and religious norms could think of themselves as middle class. The period also saw changes (among Whites) and continuity (among Black Americans) in subjective status perceptions. For Whites (and particularly poor Whites), their perceptions of enhanced social class were greatly reduced...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910231/professionals-attitude-toward-reporting-child-sexual-abuse-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Dalia M Al-Saif, Majid Al-Eissa, Hassan Saleheen, Huda Al-Mutlaq, Mark D Everson, Maha A Almuneef
Child sexual abuse (CSA) requires specialized knowledge and training that includes forensic interview skills. The aim of this study was to determine variations in professionals' attitudes toward CSA by measuring three aspects of forensic attitudes (sensitivity, specificity, and skepticism) and evaluating disagreements concerning the assessment of CSA cases in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, web-based study, in which the Child Forensic Attitude Scale was used to measure professionals' attitudes, was conducted...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904679/knowledge-attitudes-and-screening-practices-regarding-prostatic-diseases-among-men-older-than-40-years-a-population-based-study-in-southwest-nigeria
#5
Rufus Wale Ojewola, Ezekiel Sofela Oridota, Olanrewaju Samuel Balogun, Ezra Olatunde Ogundare, Taiwo Opeyemi Alabi, Oluseyi Omotola Banjo, Adeyinka Laoye, Babatunde Adetunmbi, Bamidele Oludele Adebayo, Rotimi Oluyombo
INTRODUCTION: Despite the global increase in awareness of prostatic diseases resulting from widespread availability of screening tools, there is no evidence that the knowledge, attitudes and screening practices of Nigerian men have improved regarding prostatic diseases. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study amongst 305 community-dwelling men. Respondents were selected using multi-staged sampling techniques. Knowledge, attitudes and screening practices were determined based on responses to a semi-structured KAP questionnaire...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904544/changing-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-vulnerable-women-a-qualitative-study
#6
Zahra Boroumandfar, Masoud Kianpour, Ali Zargham, Samereh Abdoli, Katayoun Tayeri, Mehrdad Salehi, Godratollah Momeni, Farzin Khorvash
BACKGROUND: The first step in health education is awareness of the people and their acceptance to change their behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of empowerment program towards the concept of self-care and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women at risk of STDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as a qualitative approach (step of action and observation of an action) by using conventional content analysis method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903741/is-economic-dependence-on-the-husband-a-risk-factor-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-female-factory-workers-in-nepal
#7
Sunita Dhungel, Pabita Dhungel, Shalik Ram Dhital, Christiane Stock
BACKGROUND: Violence related injury is a serious public health issue all over the world. This study aims to assess the association between several socio-economic factors and intimate partner violence (IPV) in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 236 women working in carpet and garment factories in Kathmandu, Nepal. Interviews were conducted to collect quantitative data on three forms of IPV, namely physical violence, psychological violence and sexual violence, as well as on a number of potentially associated factors...
September 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903736/factors-associated-with-syphilis-treatment-failure-and-reinfection-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-shenzhen-china
#8
Zhenzhou Luo, Lin Zhu, Yi Ding, Jun Yuan, Wu Li, Qiuhong Wu, Lishan Tian, Li Zhang, Guomao Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ma, Zhongwei Chen, Tubao Yang, Tiejian Feng, Min Zhang
BACKGROUND: The treatment failure and reinfection rates among syphilis patients are high, and relevant studies in China are limited. The aim of this study was to detect the rates of treatment failure and reinfection after syphilis treatment and to explore the potential associated factors. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study in a sexually transmitted disease clinic, the Department of Dermatology and Venereology in Nanshan Center for Chronic Disease Control...
September 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902289/exposure-source-prevalence-is-associated-with-gender-in-hepatitis-c-virus-patients-from-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#9
Daniele Blasquez Olmedo, Patrícia Marraccini Precioso, António Lugdero-Correia, Guida da Silva, Angela Maria Guimarães Dos Santos, Luís Cristóvão Pôrto
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a worldwide public health problem. A characterisation of the differences in exposure sources among genders will enable improvements in surveillance actions. METHODS: Exposure data were obtained for 1180 confirmed HCV cases Brazil's mandatory reporting to epidemiological surveillance, which was directed by a reference laboratory in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Chi-square test (χ2) was used to assess the associations between exposure sources and gender...
September 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902264/intimate-partner-violence-as-a-predictor-of-antenatal-care-service-utilization-in-honduras
#10
Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann, Janine Foggia, Qiang Fu, Manuel Sierra
Objective: To describe the relationship between exposure to physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) and indicators of antenatal care (ANC) service utilization among Honduran women of reproductive age. Methods: Data from the 2011-2012 Honduras Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed to describe the relationship between self-reported exposure to IPV and two ANC outcomes: (1) sufficient ANC visits (defined by the Honduran Ministry of Health as five or more visits) and (2) early ANC initiation (within the first trimester)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900753/fertility-treatment-for-the-transgender-community-a-public-opinion-study
#11
Randi H Goldman, Daniel J Kaser, Stacey A Missmer, Leslie V Farland, Scout, Rachel K Ashby, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate public opinion regarding fertility treatment and gamete cryopreservation for transgender individuals and identify how support varies by demographic characteristics. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional web-based survey study completed by a representative sample of 1111 US residents aged 18-75 years. Logistic regression was used to calculate odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of support for/opposition to fertility treatments for transgender people by demographic characteristics, adjusting a priori for age, gender, race, and having a biological child...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899871/migration-experiences-and-reported-sexual-behavior-among-young-unmarried-female-migrants-in-changzhou-china
#12
Zhanhong Zong, Wenjian Yang, Xiaoming Sun, Jingshu Mao, Xingyu Shu, Norman Hearst
BACKGROUND: China has a large migrant population, including many young unmarried women. Little is known about their sexual behavior, contraceptive use, and risk of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: 475 unmarried female migrants aged 15-24, working in 1 of 6 factories in 2 districts of Changzhou city, completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire in May 2012 on demographic characteristics, work and living situation, and health. We examined demographic and migration experience predictors of sexual and contraceptive behavior using bivariate and multivariate regressions...
September 12, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898195/user-centered-design-for-developing-interventions-to-improve-clinician-recommendation-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#13
Michelle L Henninger, Carmit K Mcmullen, Alison J Firemark, Allison L Naleway, Nora B Henrikson, Joseph A Turcotte
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the US and is associated with multiple types of cancer. Although effective HPV vaccines have been available since 2006, coverage rates in the US remain much lower than with other adolescent vaccinations. Prior research has shown that a strong recommendation from a clinician is a critical determinant in HPV vaccine uptake and coverage. However, few published studies to date have specifically addressed the issue of helping clinicians communicate more effectively with their patients about the HPV vaccine...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895801/prevalence-of-sexual-assault-victimization-among-college-men-aged-18-24-a-review
#14
R Lane Forsman
PURPOSE: The current review provides summary and evaluation of prevalence data for the sexual victimization of college men ages 18 - 24. METHODS: Potential studies were selected by searching electronic bibliographic databases. Studies were initially selected for inclusion if they (1) assessed prevalence rates of sexual victimization on college campuses and (2) were published in a scholarly journal (3) in the English language. Utilizing this strategy, 3,973 studies were initially identified, of which 5 underwent complete review...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892594/male-infertility-the-other-side-of-the-equation
#15
Darren J Katz, Patrick Teloken, Ohad Shoshany
BACKGROUND: A male factor contributes to infertility in approximately 50% of couples who fail to conceive, causing significant psychosocial and marital stress. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the general practitioner's (GP's) evaluation of male infertility and indications for referral to a male infertility specialist, and gives an overview of the specialist management of male infertility. DISCUSSION: Male infertility can result from anatomical or genetic abnormalities, systemic or neurological diseases, infections, trauma, iatrogenic injury, gonadotoxins and development of sperm antibodies...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886378/eukaryotic-sexual-reproduction-evoked-with-a-little-help-from-my-friends
#16
James Umen, Ursula Goodenough, Joseph Heitman
Bacteria and eukaryotes interact in many ways-from the microbiome that educates the mammalian immune system and enhances nutrition to relationships that are commensal, symbiotic, or parasitic. Now in an unexpected twist, King and colleagues have expanded the repertoire of prokaryotic influence over eukaryotic physiology to include mating.
September 7, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885100/recent-suicide-attempts-across-multiple-social-identities-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-an-intersectionality-analysis
#17
Olivier Ferlatte, Travis Salway Hottes, Olena Hankivsky, Terry Trussler, John Oliffe, Rick Marchand
This study draws from intersectionality to describe variations in recent suicide attempts (RSA) among gay and bisexual men (GBM) across socio-demographics. Using survey data, logistic regression modeling explored RSA in two analytical stages: A) the individual effects of each socio-demographic were measured; B) two-way interaction terms between socio-demographic were tested and added to the models created in stage A. In stage A, only education and income achieved significance. In stage B, the study found that: 1) Education and income interacted significantly such that the odds of RSA increased for those with a lower income and a lower education; 2) Sexual orientation and partnership status interacted resulting in decreased odds among bisexual men in heterosexual partnerships; 3) Income and education interacted with geography; the effects of these variables were significant only among urban men...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884967/sexual-expression-of-nursing-home-residents-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
Rodolfo A Aguilar
PURPOSE: Living longer, baby boomers will need specialized care offered by nursing homes to manage chronic conditions. This review explores the knowledge, attitudes, and experiences towards older people's sexuality and sexual expression in nursing homes-an important area of research to meet the needs of this emerging population. DESIGN: A primary search of the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and PubMed databases and secondary inclusion of cited references covering the period January 2000 to November 2016 identified 12 relevant studies...
September 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883744/sexual-autonomy-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-in-nigeria-findings-from-the-demographic-and-health-survey-data
#19
Saritha P Viswan, T K Sundari Ravindran, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Max G Petzold, Sharon Fonn
CONTEXT: The persistent low contraceptive use and high fertility in Nigeria despite improvements in educational achievements calls for an examination of the role of factors, which may moderate the use of modern contraception. This article explores the influence of sexual autonomy on the use of modern contraceptive methods among women and its relative importance compared with other, more traditional, indicators of women's autonomy such as education and occupation. DATA AND METHODS: Data from two Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), 2008 and 2013, were used in this study...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883713/patients-knowledge-of-heart-failure-and-their-perception-of-the-disease
#20
Anna Płotka, Edyta Prokop, Jacek Migaj, Ewa Straburzyńska-Migaj, Stefan Grajek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to gain a deeper insight into patients' perception of chronic heart failure (CHF) symptoms by analyzing their compliance with nonpharmacological recommendations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center survey-based registry. Patients included in this study were hospitalized between December 2014 and January 2016 at the 1(st) Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Lord's Transfiguration, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, and had been diagnosed with CHF at least 3 months prior to inclusion...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
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