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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155683/condom-use-during-sexual-intercourse-among-women-and-men-aged-15-44-in-the-united-states-2011-2015-national-survey-of-family-growth
#1
Casey E Copen
condom use during sexual intercourse in a nationally representative sample of women and men aged 15-44 in the United States using the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Where data were available, patterns of condom use during sexual intercourse from the 2011-2015 NSFG were compared with the 2002 and 2006-2010 NSFG. Methods-Data were collected through in-person interviews with nationally representative, independent samples of women and men aged 15-44 in the household population of the United States...
August 2017: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153921/zika-virus-epidemic-in-puerto-rico-health-justice-too-long-delayed
#2
Carlos E Rodríguez-Díaz, Adriana Garriga-López, Souhail M Malavé-Rivera, Ricardo L Vargas-Molina
Over the course of 16 months, more than 35400 cases of Zika virus infection have been confirmed in Puerto Rico. This represents 85% of all cases reported in the USA and its territories. The Zika epidemic is exposing the profound failure of socioeconomic policies, as well as the failure to protect sexual and reproductive health rights in Puerto Rico. Considering the high poverty rates, high levels of sexuality-related stigma, poor quality sex education, limited access to contraception, and limited participation in the allocation of resources for prevention, it is unreasonable to focus public health efforts to prevent Zika virus infection on vector control...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150417/using-facebook-to-recruit-young-australian-men-into-a-cross-sectional-human-papillomavirus-study
#3
Roopa Das, Dorothy A Machalek, Edmund G Molesworth, Suzanne M Garland
BACKGROUND: Young men can be difficult to engage in health research using traditional methods of recruitment. Social networking sites are increasingly being used to recruit participants into health research, due to their cost effectiveness, overall generalizability, and wide reach. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using Facebook to recruit young Australian men into a human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence study. METHODS: We recruited male permanent residents of Australia, aged 18 to 35 years, into the HPV in Young Males (HYM) study through targeted advertising placed on Facebook...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149683/online-sexual-solicitation-by-adults-and-peers-results-from-a-population-based-german-sample
#4
Halina Sklenarova, Anja Schulz, Petya Schuhmann, Michael Osterheider, Janina Neutze
Prevalence of Internet use among adolescents is high, but little is known about the online sexual activities of German adolescents. This study aimed to describe the 12-month prevalence of German adolescents' online sexual experiences with a focus on Online Sexual Solicitation (OSS, subjectively negative online sexual experiences with a peer or any sexual online experience, positive or negative, with an adult). A sample of male and female adolescents aged 14-17 (N=2238) was recruited using online survey panel...
November 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148890/changes-in-the-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-methods-among-u-s-nulliparous-women-results-from-the-2006-2010-2011-2013-and-2013-2015-national-survey-of-family-growth
#5
Timothy O Ihongbe, Saba W Masho
OBJECTIVE: Nulliparous women in the United States have high rates of unintended pregnancy comparable with parous women. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are recommended as first-line contraceptive choices to reduce unintended pregnancy. However, use of LARCs among nulliparous women has been low. This study aims to examine changes in the prevalence of current LARC use among sexually experienced U.S. nulliparous women across the time period of 2006-2010, 2011-2013, and 2013-2015, and examine correlates of use...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#6
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#7
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144847/explaining-the-sexuality-gap-in-protest-participation
#8
Eric Swank
This study investigated the relationship between sexual orientations and the protest actions of adults in the United States. Drawing from General Social Survey data from 1996 to 2004, we found that lesbians, gays, and bisexuals were more than twice as likely to protest as heterosexuals. To account for this sexuality gap, we used Patrick Egan's (2008) political distinctiveness theories to identify possible underlying causes of these protesting differences. After running several regressions, we found that sexuality and protesting relationships were moderated by issues of educational attainment, marital statuses, metropolitan residencies, political partisanships, governmental grievances, and gender role expectations...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143628/do-the-status-and-empowerment-of-mothers-predict-their-daughters-reproductive-outcomes
#9
Jessica D Gipson, Dawn M Upchurch
BACKGROUND: Despite increased recognition of the important influences of women's status and empowerment on social and health outcomes for women and their families, there are few investigations that examine the extent to which any gains in women's empowerment may be transmitted intergenerationally, that is, between mothers and their daughters. METHODS: This study seeks to address this gap by using data from a unique, longitudinal, and intergenerational dataset from Cebu, Philippines (1994-2009), to examine potential influences of the status of mothers on subsequent reproductive health outcomes among their daughters...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142909/transgender-women-s-drug-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#10
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Elaine McGlaughlin, Rebecca Charow, Rosa Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Purpose: Studies on drug use in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. Considering that drug use can be a coping mechanism to deal with stigma and traumatic experiences, we examined associations between stigma, trauma, and drug use in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Methods: Bivariate analyses examined differences between drug users and abstainers (n=287). Multivariate analyses reported odds ratios (OR) with general drug, marijuana, and cocaine use as outcomes (n=243)...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141612/individual-level-and-community-level-determinants-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-kenyan-women-a-multilevel-analysis-of-a-nationwide-survey
#11
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
BACKGROUND: Studies on the determinants of cervical cancer screening in sub-Saharan Africa have focused mostly on individual-level characteristics of cervical cancer screening. Therefore, in this study, we included both individual- and community-level indicators to examine the determinants of cervical cancer screening among Kenyan women. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys. Our analysis focused on 9016 married women of reproductive age (15-49 years)...
November 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141354/-research-progress-on-unprotected-anal-intercourse-and-its-influencing-factors-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#12
S Lu, D M Li
The prevalence of HIV infections continues to rise among Chinese MSM. This population is prone to has high-risk behaviors including having multiple sexual partners, unprotected anal intercourse (UAI), etc. This paper summarizes the situation of UAI and related influencing factors, including age, educational level, number of sexual partners, recreational drug abusing and related status of discrimination, etc. The purpose of this article is to provide reference for targeted intervention and prevention of HIV among MSM population...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141335/-previous-hiv-testing-behavior-and-related-factors-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-gay-bathroom-in-hangzhou-zhejiang-province
#13
X Zhou, X H Pan, M Y Luo, L Chen, L He, H Wang, T T Jiang, Q Q Ma
Objective: To understand the related factors on previous HIV testing behavior among MSM who visit gay bathroom in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. Methods: Through time-location sampling (TLS) survey, men who had oral sex or anal sex with men in past 6 months were interviewed in the gay bathroom in Hangzhou from October 2015 to January 2016. Software SPSS 22.0 was used to analyze the HIV testing acceptance, sexual behaviors and condom usage of MSM during past 6 months, and χ(2) test and logistic regression model were used for univariate and multivariate analyses...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139071/the-outcomes-of-an-educational-program-involving-men-as-motivators-to-encourage-women-to-be-screened-for-cervical-cancer
#14
Jeniffer Rwamugira, Johanna E Maree, Nokuthula Mafutha
Cervical cancer is a major health problem in South Africa. Despite having a national, population-based screening program, screening coverage is as low as 13%. Based on the role men could play in increasing cervical cancer screening and the low level of knowledge, men living in the study setting had about this health issue, we developed and pilot tested an educational program aimed at empowering men to teach their female partners and family members about cervical cancer and motivate them to be screened. The study setting was Ward 23 in Muldersdrift, a semi-urban, resource poor area situated northeast of Johannesburg...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136181/dating-and-relationship-violence-among-16-19-year-olds-in-england-and-wales-a-cross-sectional-study-of-victimization
#15
Honor Young, Catherine Turney, James White, Chris Bonell, Ruth Lewis, Adam Fletcher
Background: Dating and relationship violence (DRV) is under-researched in the UK, especially among Further Education (FE) students. This study examines the association between DRV victimization and socio-demographic characteristics, sexual identity and dating and relationship behaviours among 16-19 year olds FE students. Methods: Cross-sectional self-report data were collected from 1751 students aged 16-19 at six FE settings in England and Wales. Factor analysis examined the structure of DRV victimization by gender...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135988/evolution-of-acute-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-a-large-european-city-trends-and-new-patterns
#16
César Garriga, Sandra Manzanares-Laya, Patricia García de Olalla, Pilar Gorrindo, Sabela Lens, Ricard Solà, María Martínez-Rebollar, Montserrat Laguno, Jordi Navarro, Xavier Torras, Mercè Gurguí, María-Jesús Barberá, Josep Quer, Eva Masdeu, Pere Simón, Miriam Ros, Anna de Andrés, Joan A Caylà
The aims of this study were to describe the evolution of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections since 2004 and to determine its associated factors. Acute HCV infections diagnosed in Barcelona from 2004 to 2015 were included. Incidence ratios (IR) were then estimated for sex and age groups. Cases were grouped between 2004-2005, 2006-2011 and 2012-2015, and their incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated. In addition, risk factors for acute HCV infection were identified using multinomial logistic regression for complete, available and multiple imputed data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132501/low-education-levels-are-associated-with-early-age-of-sexual-debut-drug-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviours-among-young-indigenous-australians
#17
Handan Wand, Joanne Bryant, Heather Worth, Marian Pitts, John M Kaldor, Dea Delaney-Thiele, James Ward
Background: Earlier age at sexual debut is associated with drug and alcohol use, risky sexual behaviours and sexually transmissible infections (STI). Methods: In the present study, 2320 young Indigenous Australians were surveyed. Results: Most study participants had sex for the first time when they were 14 years or younger (79% and 67% for males and females respectively). More than 80% of participants were categorised as being in the high-risk category for the combined sexual risk factors (i.e. not using condoms, drunk or high at last sexual act, or three or more sexual partners in the past year)...
November 14, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132281/constrained-relationship-agency-as-the-risk-factor-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-different-models-of-transactional-sex
#18
Rebecca Fielding-Miller, Kristin Dunkle
Women who engage in transactional sex are more likely to experience intimate partner violence (IPV) and are at higher risk of HIV. However, women engage in transactional sex for a variety of reasons and the precise mechanism linking transactional sex and IPV is not fully understood. We conducted a behavioural survey with a cross-sectional sample of 401 women attending 1 rural and 1 urban public antenatal clinic in Swaziland between February and June 2014. We used structural equation modelling to identify and measure constrained relationship agency (CRA) as a latent variable, and then tested the hypothesis that CRA plays a significant role in the pathway between IPV and transactional sex...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132278/gendered-childcare-norms-evidence-from-rural-swaziland-to-inform-innovative-structural-hiv-prevention-approaches-for-young-women
#19
Pinky N Shabangu, Michelle R Brear
Addressing discriminatory gender norms is a prerequisite for preventing HIV in women, including young women. However, the gendered expectation that women will perform unpaid childcare-related labour is rarely conceptualised as influencing their HIV risk. Our aim was to learn from members of a rural Swazi community about how gendered childcare norms. We performed sequential, interpretive analysis of focus group discussion and demographic survey data, generated through participatory action research. The results showed that gendered childcare norms were firmly entrenched and intertwined with discriminatory norms regarding sexual behaviour...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131695/time-since-first-acting-on-same-sex-attraction-and-recreational-drug-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-is-there-an-effect-of-gay-age
#20
Cara E Rice, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza, John A Davis, Karen S Fields, Melissa Ervin, Abigail Norris Turner
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have higher rates of substance use compared to men who have sex with women. Among MSM, drug use is linked to higher-risk sexual behavior and acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that time since first acting on one's same sex attraction, or one's "gay age", could be predictive of drug using behavior. METHODS: We examined this question among 176 MSM, aged 18-35, presenting at a public sexual health clinic...
November 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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