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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786768/risk-prediction-score-for-hiv-infection-development-and-internal-validation-with-cross-sectional-data-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#1
Lu Yin, Yuejuan Zhao, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Liang Song, Xiangjun Zhang, Ruolei Xin, Zheya Sun, Yunan Xu, Li Zhang, Yifei Hu, Chun Hao, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao, Sten H Vermund, Han-Zhu Qian
Receptive anal intercourse, multiple partners, condomless sex, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and drug/alcohol addiction are familiar factors that correlate with increased human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). To improve estimation to HIV acquisition, we created a composite score using questions from routine survey of 3588 MSM in Beijing, China. The HIV prevalence was 13.4%. A risk scoring tool using penalized maximum likelihood multivariable logistic regression modeling was developed, deploying backward step-down variable selection to obtain a reduced-form model...
May 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784114/hookup-app-use-sexual-behavior-and-sexual-health-among-adolescent-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#2
Kathryn Macapagal, David A Moskowitz, Dennis H Li, Andrés Carrión, Emily Bettin, Celia B Fisher, Brian Mustanski
PURPOSE: Geosocial networking applications (e.g., "hookup apps") are widely used among adult men who have sex with men (MSM). Little is known about adolescent MSM's (AMSM) use of these apps. Exploratory research is needed as AMSM's app use poses various ethical, legal, and sexual health concerns. This article examined AMSM's app use patterns and its associations with their sexual health and behavior. METHODS: Two hundred sexually experienced AMSM in the United States (M age = 16...
June 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783848/integrated-access-to-care-and-treatment-i-act-support-groups-for-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-public-healthcare-facilities-in-south-africa-feasibility-and-acceptability-for-scaling-up
#3
Shamagonam James, Catherine E Martin, Bafentse Moalusi, Moira Beery, Shenaaz Pahad, John Imrie
Integrated Access to Care and Treatment (I ACT) for adolescents is an educational support group initiative conducted monthly by trained healthcare providers (counsellors/health promoters). It follows a defined educational curriculum of six topics including, HIV/AIDS, disclosure, sexual and reproductive and mental health. Qualitative assessments, conducted midway of I ACT implementation at four primary healthcare facilities in North West province, South Africa, aimed to explore the perceptions of healthcare providers and the experiences of adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV)...
May 21, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782296/sexual-behaviors-attitudes-and-knowledge-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-cross-sectional-study-in-romania
#4
Alecsandra Iulia Grad, Simona Corina Senilă, Rodica Cosgarea, Alexandru Dumitru Tataru, Stefan Cristian Vesa, Mihaela Laura Vica, Horea Vladi Matei, Loredana Ungureanu
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are serious public health problems. Little is known about sex knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors among young adults in Romania; an effective preventive campaigns should be based on an appropriate understanding of these factors. The aim of the present study was to obtain data about sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs among university students aged 18-25 in Romania. 3872 persons completed an internet-based questionnaire, advertised on Facebook, regarding sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs from January 28 to February 28, 2016...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781970/male-help-seeking-after-sexual-assault-a-series-of-case-studies-informing-sexual-assault-nurse-examiner-practice
#5
Carolyn M Porta, Ellen Johnson, Cris Finn
BACKGROUND: A series of three composite case studies of cisgender men who presented to an emergency department for care after experiencing a sexual assault are presented. These cases show common assault characteristics including substance use, force, and multiple perpetrators. METHODS: We describe the sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) findings and treatment and provide legal details of specific cases when available. RESULTS: These case reports highlight common challenges to help-seeking and the primary reasons these male victims overcame the barriers to seek care...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781968/infusing-social-justice-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-fostering-praxis-through-simulation
#6
Robyn Caldwell, Courtney Cochran
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM: Forensic clinical experiences are often inconsistent in undergraduate nursing education. Nursing students are not included in the process of forensic evidence collection, often because of the sensitive nature of the situation. Unfortunately, nursing students are forced to rely on theoretical knowledge provided by the nurse educator to understand the complexities of forensic nursing care. Nursing students must be able to identify and provide appropriate nursing care for individuals in all forensic situations...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781703/male-students-perceptions-about-gender-imbalances-in-a-speech-language-pathology-and-audiology-training-programme-of-a-south-african-institution-of-higher-education
#7
Sandra Du Plessis
 The professions of speech-language pathology and audiology (SLPA) are characterised by occupational gender segregation. Reasons given by men are a lack of awareness of SLPA; a perception of poor salaries; a perception of poor working conditions; a stereotype that the profession is a female occupation; and a perception that working with children is feminine. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions of male students in a specific SLPA training programme regarding gender imbalances...
May 16, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#8
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778516/facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-hpv-vaccination-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-patients-at-a-boston-community-health-center
#9
Kaan Z Apaydin, Holly B Fontenot, Derri Shtasel, Sannisha K Dale, Christina P C Borba, Christopher S Lathan, Lori Panther, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
BACKGROUND: Young sexual minority individuals have lower human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine completion rates than the general population, and little is known about how gender minority people perceive HPV vaccination. The aim of this study was to qualitatively identify patient-, provider-, and systems-level barriers and facilitators for HPV vaccination among sexual and gender minority (SGM) people. METHODS: Fifteen SGM-identified individuals, ages 23-26, were recruited at an urban community health center in Boston, MA, that specializes in care for SGM...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778123/educated-and-at-risk-how-the-shortage-of-available-partners-influences-hiv-risk-for-college-educated-african-american-women
#10
Valerie R Newsome, Collins O Airhihenbuwa, Shedra Amy Snipes
BACKGROUND: African-Americans have the greatest gender-ratio imbalance compared to other racial groups in the United States. This has been associated with higher rates of concurrent sexual partnerships, increasing risk of HIV infection. College-educated African-American women are of particular interest as they are not often represented in studies on HIV prevention, while their dating and sexual negotiation patterns may differ from those of their lower-educated and lower-income counterparts more often the subject of study in HIV research among African-Americans...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777647/correlates-of-postpartum-sexual-activity-and-contraceptive-use-in-kano-northern-nigeria
#11
Zubairu Iliyasu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Khadija M Danlami, Hamisu M Salihu, Muktar H Aliyu
Practices related to resumption of coitus after childbirth remains poorly documented in Nigeria. This study examined factors associated with sexual intercourse, delivery-coitus interval, and contraceptive use among postpartum women attending a tertiary centre in Kano, northern Nigeria. A cross section of 317 women attending immunization, postnatal and family planning clinics within 12 months of childbirth was interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Vaginal intercourse was resumed by most women (n=212; 66...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775167/prosthetic-and-orthotic-students-attitudes-toward-addressing-sexual-health-in-their-future-profession
#12
Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Fredrik Thidell, Bo Rolander, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
BACKGROUND: Prosthetists and orthotists have a responsibility to direct treatment toward enabling their clients to perform desired activities and to facilitate participation of their clients in all areas of life. This may include provision of assistive technologies to help clients meet goals related to participation in sexual activities. To help prosthetic and orthotic students develop competencies in dealing with the sexual health of their future clients, it is necessary to generate knowledge of their own perceived competence and capacity...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773663/factors-associated-with-condom-use-and-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-a-random-online-sample-in-sweden
#13
Klara Johansson, Kristina Ingemarsdotter Persson, Charlotte Deogan, Ziad El-Khatib
OBJECTIVES: The objectives are to analyse social determinants of sexual health behaviour (condom use and HIV testing) among young, internet-active, cis men who have sex with men (MSM) in a high-income country. The aspects of sexual health behaviour analysed here are condomless anal intercourse with one or more new or casual partner(s), condomless anal intercourse during the most recent sex with a man and HIV testing. METHODS: A randomised sample of men active on Sweden's main online community for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans people responded to an online survey (response rate 19%)...
May 17, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773084/sexual-and-reproductive-health-concerns-of-persons-with-disability-in-india-an-issue-of-deep-rooted-silence
#14
Seema Sharma, Muthusamy Sivakami
SummaryGlobal estimates suggest that over a billion people live with a disability that is significant enough to affect their daily lives. According to the 2011 Indian Census, India alone has about 26.8 million people with disabilities. Research suggests that persons with disabilities (PwDs) in India are among the most neglected, stigmatized, poor and least educated of the world's population, and women with disabilities in India are the most marginalized, both socially and economically. They bear the triple burden of being discriminated against through being 'women' (socially marginal beings), 'disabled' (incapacitated, inefficient and undesirable) and 'women with disabilities' (the weakest of the weak), often becoming socially invisible...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772278/zika-virus-incidence-preventive-and-reproductive-behaviors-correlates-from-new-survey-data
#15
Climent Quintana-Domeque, José Raimundo Carvalho, Victor Hugo de Oliveira
During the outbreak of the Zika virus, Brazilian health authorities recommended that pregnant women take meticulous precaution to avoid mosquito bites and that women in general use contraceptive methods to postpone/delay pregnancies. In this article, we present new estimates on the Zika virus incidence, its correlates and preventive behaviors in the Northeast of Brazil, where the outbreak initiated, using survey data collected between March 30th and June 3rd of 2016. The target population were women aged 15-49 in the capital cities of the nine states of the Northeast region of Brazil...
May 1, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771615/risk-and-protective-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-prospective-longitudinal-studies
#16
Alexa R Yakubovich, Heidi Stöckl, Joseph Murray, G J Melendez-Torres, Janina I Steinert, Calla E Y Glavin, David K Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The estimated lifetime prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is 30% among women worldwide. Understanding risk and protective factors is essential for designing effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the associations between prospective-longitudinal risk and protective factors and IPV and identify evidence gaps. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in 16 databases including MEDLINE and PsycINFO from inception to June 2016...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770101/resources-to-address-stigma-related-to-sexuality-substance-use-and-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#17
R MacLean
Background: Stigma is widely recognized as a significant barrier to the prevention, management and treatment of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in Canada. Despite major advances in STBBI prevention and treatment, and global efforts to reduce stigma, people living with or affected by STBBIs continue to experience stigma within health and social service settings in Canada. Objective: To describe the development, content and evaluation of knowledge translation resources and training workshops designed to equip health and social service professionals with the knowledge and skills needed to provide more respectful and inclusive sexual health, harm reduction and STBBI services...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768459/use-of-modern-contraceptive-methods-and-its-association-with-qol-among-nepalese-female-migrants-living-in-japan
#18
Richa Shah, Junko Kiriya, Akira Shibanuma, Masamine Jimba
INTRODUCTION: Modern contraceptive use among migrants may be limited due to factors such as language barriers, socio-economic condition, and inadequate knowledge. Limited evidence is available on the factors associated with the use of modern contraceptive methods by migrants in Japan. Moreover, evidence remains scarce on the quality of life (QOL) of migrants in relation to contraceptive use. As the Nepalese migrant population in Japan is increasing, this study was conducted to address their sexual and reproductive health issues...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766600/effect-of-childhood-adversities-on-alcohol-problems-is-mainly-mediated-by-depression
#19
Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Sinikka Luutonen, Henri R W Salokangas, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study how five childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) core domains: emotional abuse (EmoAb), physical abuse (PhyAb), sexual abuse (SexAb), emotional neglect (EmoNeg), physical neglect (PhyNeg), associate with alcohol problems (APs), and whether there are any gender differences in these associations. METHODS: Altogether, 690 adult participants drawn from the general population completed a mailed questionnaire, including the trauma and distress scale, as an indicator of CAT, and questions concerning sociodemographic background, depressive symptoms, and APs...
May 15, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765294/which-infectious-blood-donors-could-be-identified-by-the-donor-history-questionnaire-comparison-of-blood-donors-infected-with-hiv-or-hcv-with-notified-cases-from-general-population-in-germany
#20
Karina Preußel, Ruth Offergeld
Background: Potential risks for transfusion-transmissible infections are identified by donor history questionnaires (DHQs), and donors with higher risks are deferred from donation. We assessed to which extent the currently used DHQs support the identification of infections among blood donors. Methods: Between 2006 and 2013, we analyzed data from notified HIV and HCV cases in the general population and positive blood donors in Germany. Logistic regressions were used to identify relevant infection risks...
April 2018: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
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