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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#1
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806418/seasonality-affects-dietary-diversity-of-school-age-children-in-northern-ghana
#2
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Fusta Azupogo, Miwako Nagasu, Noortje Creemers, Inge D Brouwer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dietary diversity score (DDS) is relatively easy to measure and is shown to be a very useful indicator of the probability of adequate micronutrient intake. Dietary diversity, however, is usually assessed during a single period and little is known about the effect of seasonality on it. This study investigates whether dietary diversity is influenced by seasonality. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in two different seasons-dry season (October 2010) and rainy season (May 2011) among the same school-age children (SAC) in two rural schools in northern Ghana...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805953/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-early-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study-ccss
#3
Katie A Devine, Ann C Mertens, John A Whitton, Carmen L Wilson, Kirsten K Ness, Jordan Gilleland Marchak, Wendy Leisenring, Kevin C Oeffinger, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Kevin R Krull
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate concurrent and longitudinal associations between psychosocial functioning and physical activity in adolescent and young adult survivors of early childhood cancer. METHODS: Adolescent survivors of early childhood cancer (diagnosed before age four) participating in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study completed the Coping Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition (CHIP-AE; n=303; mean age at survey 17.6 years). A subset of these survivors (n=248) completed a follow-up survey an average of 6...
August 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804674/systematic-differences-in-hiv-syphilis-and-risk-behaviors-among-street-based-and-establishment-based-female-sex-workers-in-kathmandu-valley-of-nepal
#4
Sampurna Kakchapati, Tarun Paudel, Manju Maharjan, Apiradee Lim
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are main drivers of the HIV epidemic in Nepal. The work environment of sex work in Nepal is differentiated into establishment based (e.g. massage parlors, dance restaurants, hotels and lodges) and street based (e.g. streets, parks and markets). The study compares HIV, syphilis and risk behaviours among establishment-based FSWs and street-based FSWs in Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional bio-behavioral surveys in 2006, 2008, 2011 and 2015 aimed to sample 2093 FSWs using two stage cluster sampling in the Kathmandu valley...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804582/how-do-patients-perceive-and-expect-quality-of-surgery-diagnostics-and-emergency-services-in-tertiary-care-hospitals-an-evidence-of-gap-analysis-from-pakistan
#5
Iram Fatima, Ayesha Humayun, Muhammad Imran Anwar, Adil Iftikhar, Muhammad Aslam, Muhammad Shafiq
OBJECTIVES: Service quality is one of the important gears to appraise services and determine the gray areas that need improvement. In countries with a resource-poor health system, the first step of measuring quality is yet to be taken. This study seeks to inform policy makers in developing contextual service quality models by identifying service quality gaps in tertiary care teaching hospitals using patients' perspective. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using multistage cluster sampling, and a modified version of the SERVQUAL (SERV-service, QUAL-quality) instrument was administered to determine patient's expectations and perceptions...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803346/sense-of-coherence-self-esteem-and-health-locus-of-control-in-subjects-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-with-without-satisfactory-metabolic-control
#6
C Nuccitelli, A Valentini, M T Caletti, C Caselli, N Mazzella, G Forlani, G Marchesini
BACKGROUND: Despite intensive training, a few individuals with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) fail to reach the desired metabolic targets. AIM: To evaluate the association between disease-related emotional and cognitive aspects and metabolic control in subjects with T1DM. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Health locus of control (HLOC), sense of coherence (SOC), and self-esteem were assessed in T1DM subjects using validated questionnaires. Sixty-seven consecutive subjects who did not attain the desired HbA1c target (mean HbA1c, 8...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802592/gender-differences-in-sexual-behaviors-in-korean-adolescents
#7
Eunyoung Hong, Youngmi Kang
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to identify whether there are gender differences in sexual behaviors among Korean adolescents and to explore the factors that influence safe sex practices across both sexes. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted using nationally representative data obtained from the 2014 Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Sample consisted of 3,210 adolescents who had experience of sexual intercourse. The dependent variable in this study was practicing safe sex...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802284/simple-questions-in-salt-intake-behavior-assessment-comparison-with-urinary-sodium-excretion-in-japanese-adults
#8
Ken Uechi, Keiko Asakura, Yuki Sasaki, Shizuko Masayasu, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To clarify whether six conventional 'high-risk' behaviors toward excess salt intake captured by simple questions such as frequency of salty food consumption are related to actual salt intake. Also, to examine the relationship of nutrition knowledge, food label use, and food preparation with actual salt intake. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Study participants were 742 subjects (370 men and 372 women) aged 20-69 years from 20 areas of Japan...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801847/assessment-of-functioning-and-disability-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-using-the-who-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-in-a-large-scale-database
#9
Ruey Chen, Tsan-Hon Liou, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Chia-Feng Yen, Hua-Fang Liao, Wen-Chou Chi, Kuei-Ru Chou
Schizophrenia is a common mental disorder characterized by deficits in multiple domains of functioning. This study is arguably the first of its kind in Taiwan to examine, in a multifaceted and objective manner, the disability of patients with schizophrenia and the factors affecting it. A cross-sectional design was adopted to gather data from 24,299 patients with schizophrenia who were listed in the Taiwan Databank of Persons with Disabilities. The level of disability in these patients was measured using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
August 11, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801694/work-overcommitment-is-it-a-trait-or-a-state
#10
Jean-Baptist du Prel, Roma Runeson-Broberg, Peter Westerholm, Lars Alfredsson, Göran Fahlén, Anders Knutsson, Maria Nordin, Richard Peter
PURPOSE: Effort-reward imbalance (ERI) is a well-tested work-related stress model with three components, the two extrinsic components "efforts" and "rewards" and the one intrinsic component "overcommitment". While an imbalance between "efforts" and "rewards" leads to strain reactions, "work-related overcommitment" (OC) has been described as a personal characteristic with a set of attitudes, behaviours, and emotions reflecting excessive striving combined with a strong desire for approval...
August 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801477/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-impaired-renal-function-are-associated-with-brain-alterations-and-poststroke-cognitive-decline
#11
Einor Ben Assayag, Roy Eldor, Amos D Korczyn, Efrat Kliper, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Oren Tene, Jeremy Molad, Itzhak Shapira, Shlomo Berliner, Viki Volfson, Ludmila Shopin, Yehuda Strauss, Hen Hallevi, Natan M Bornstein, Eitan Auriel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with diseases of the brain, kidney, and vasculature. However, the relationship between T2DM, chronic kidney disease, brain alterations, and cognitive function after stroke is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the inter-relationship between T2DM, impaired renal function, brain pathology on imaging, and cognitive decline in a longitudinal poststroke cohort. METHODS: The TABASCO (Tel Aviv brain acute stroke cohort) is a prospective cohort of stroke/transient ischemic attack survivors...
August 11, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800290/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-italian-version-of-the-homosexuality-scale-of-the-trueblood-sexual-attitudes-questionnaire
#12
Emanuele Fino, Marta Giuliani, Luca Pierleoni, Gaetano Gambino, Valentina Cosmi, Chiara Simonelli
The aim of the present study was to translate the Homosexuality scale of the Trueblood Sexual Attitudes Questionnaire in Italian language, and assess its factor structure and psychometric properties in Italian psychology students. The questionnaire was originally developed and validated in U.S. college students, and later in Turkish social work students, showing high internal consistency. It measures attitudes towards several sexual practices and behaviours, regarding self and others. Particularly, the Homosexuality scale measures attitudes towards different sexual and romantic practices with people of the same sex...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799862/disrupted-topologic-efficiency-of-white-matter-structural-connectome-in-individuals-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#13
Ni Shu, Xiaoni Wang, Qiuhui Bi, Tengda Zhao, Ying Han
Purpose To determine whether individuals with subjective cognitive decline (SCD), which is defined by memory complaints with normal performance at objective neuropsychologic examinations, exhibit disruptions of white matter (WM) connectivity and topologic alterations of the brain structural connectome. Materials and Methods Diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance imaging and graph theory approaches were used to investigate the topologic organization of the brain structural connectome in 36 participants with SCD (21 women: mean age, 62...
August 11, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799688/developing-a-program-for-enhancing-youth-hiv-treatment-adherence-and-risk-reduction
#14
Warunee Fongkaew, Warawan Udomkhamsuk, Nongkran Viseskul, Marisa Guptaruk
Youth living with HIV face difficult and challenging situations that decrease their adherence to antiretroviral medications. In this study, we developed a pilot program to enhance HIV treatment adherence and risk reduction among youth living with HIV based on collaboration with a community hospital involving a multi-disciplinary healthcare team. Participants were 25 youth living with HIV/AIDS, 18 caregivers, and 12 healthcare providers. The action research process comprised a preliminary stage and four phases of assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation...
August 11, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799289/prenatal-exposure-to-fever-is-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-boston-birth-cohort
#15
Martha Brucato, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Mengying Li, Deanna Caruso, Xiumei Hong, Jamie Kaczaniuk, Elizabeth A Stuart, M Daniele Fallin, Xiaobin Wang
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is phenotypically and etiologically heterogeneous, with evidence for genetic and environmental contributions to disease risk. Research has focused on the prenatal period as a time where environmental exposures are likely to influence risk for ASD. Epidemiological studies have shown significant associations between prenatal exposure to maternal immune activation (MIA), caused by infections and fever, and ASD. However, due to differences in study design and exposure measurements no consistent patterns have emerged revealing specific times or type of MIA exposure that are most important to ASD risk...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798272/perspectives-of-screening-eligible-women-and-male-partners-on-benefits-of-and-barriers-to-treatment-for-precancerous-lesions-and-cervical-cancer-in-kenya
#16
Kathleen R Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Judith Lee Smith, Mona Saraiya, Millicent Aketch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of female cancer mortality in Kenya. Kenya's National Cervical Cancer Prevention Program Strategic Plan outlines efforts to reduce the burden; however, treatment services remain limited. This study identified male and female perspectives regarding benefits, facilitators, and barriers to treatment for precancerous lesions and cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten focus groups were conducted in Nairobi and Nyanza in 2014 with females aged 25-49 years (n = 60) and male partners (n = 40)...
August 10, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797886/24-h-nitrogen-dioxide-concentration-is-associated-with-cooking-behaviors-and-an-increase-in-rescue-medication-use-in-children-with-asthma
#17
Laura M Paulin, D 'Ann L Williams, Roger Peng, Gregory B Diette, Meredith C McCormack, Patrick Breysse, Nadia N Hansel
Exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a byproduct of combustion, is associated with poor asthma control in children. We sought to determine whether gas-fueled kitchen appliance use is associated with 24-h indoor NO2 concentrations and whether these concentrations are associated with asthma morbidity in children. Children aged 5-12 years old with asthma were eligible. Mean 24-h NO2 concentration was measured in the kitchen over a four-day sampling period and gas stove use was captured in time activity diaries...
August 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797869/association-of-inflammatory-cytokines-with-the-symptom-cluster-of-pain-fatigue-depression-and-sleep-disturbance-in-chinese-patients-with-cancer
#18
Yan-Bo Ji, Chun-Lu Bo, Xiu-Juan Xue, En-Ming Weng, Guang-Chao Gao, Bei-Bei Dai, Kai-Wen Ding, Cui-Ping Xu
CONTEXT: Pain, fatigue, depression, and sleep disturbance are common in patients with cancer and usually co-occur as a symptom cluster. However, the mechanism underlying this symptom cluster is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify subgroups of cluster symptoms, compare demographic and clinical characteristics between subgroups, and examine the associations between inflammatory cytokines and cluster symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 170 Chinese inpatients with cancer from two tertiary hospitals...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797794/measuring-micro-level-effects-of-a-new-supermarket-do-residents-within-0-5-mile-have-improved-dietary-behaviors
#19
Stephanie Rogus, Jessica Athens, Jonathan Cantor, Brian Elbel
BACKGROUND: Local and national policies to encourage supermarket opening or expansion are popular strategies for improving access to healthy food for residents in neighborhoods lacking these types of stores, yet few evaluations of such initiatives exist. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to test whether a newly opened supermarket in the Bronx, NY, changed household availability of healthy and unhealthy food items and reported daily consumption of these items among respondents residing in close proximity (≤0...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797537/mortality-associated-with-less-intense-risk-factor-control-among-adults-with-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#20
Sharon H Saydah, Edward W Gregg, Henry S Kahn, Mohammed K Ali
AIMS: Determine the mortality experience among adults with diabetes in meeting and not meeting less intense control for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and cholesterol. METHODS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2010 participants with self-report of diagnosed diabetes (N=3335), measured HbA1c, BP and non-HDL cholesterol were linked to the National Death Index through December 31, 2011. Proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) of meeting HbA1c<9% and BP<160/110, and non-HDL cholesterol<190mg/dL...
August 7, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
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