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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645192/frequent-sexual-activity-predicts-specific-cognitive-abilities-in-older-adults
#1
Hayley Wright, Rebecca A Jenks, Nele Demeyere
Objectives: This study replicates and extends the findings of previous research (Wright, H., & Jenks, R. A. (2016). Sex on the brain! Associations between sexual activity and cognitive function in older age. Age and Ageing, 45, 313-317. doi:10.1093/ageing/afv197) which found a significant association between sexual activity (SA) and cognitive function in older adults. Specifically, this study aimed to generalize these findings to a range of cognitive domains, and to assess whether increasing SA frequency is associated with increasing scores on a variety of cognitive tasks...
June 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644249/incidental-hippocampal-hyperintensity-on-diffusion-weighted-mri-individual-susceptibility-to-transient-global-amnesia
#2
Moonyoung Jeong, Jaehyun Jin, Jeong Hee Kim, Yeonsil Moon, Jin Woo Choi, Hahn Young Kim
OBJECTIVES: Dot-like hippocampal hyperintensities (HHs) on diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) have been reported as an interesting imaging finding of transient global amnesia (TGA) that is characterized by typical anterograde amnesia. However, we found that these dot-like HHs are occasionally seen in some patients without clinical symptoms of TGA. METHODS: We identified 8 patients who did not show clinical symptoms of TGA, despite the presence of hippocampal lesions on DWI (No-TGA group, n=8)...
July 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643582/adverse-childhood-circumstances-and-functional-status-throughout-adult-life
#3
James N Laditka, Sarah B Laditka
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association of childhood adversity with adult functional status. METHOD: With data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the 2014 Childhood Retrospective Circumstances Study (1992-2013; N = 6,705; 62,885 person-years), we estimated functional status transition probabilities associated with childhood adversity, with multinomial logistic Markov models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education. Microsimulation then estimated functional status outcomes throughout adulthood for African American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women and men...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643546/sexual-abuse-within-employment-settings-a-comparison-of-work-related-intra-and-extra-familial-child-molesters
#4
Diana M Falkenbach, Antonia Foehse, Elizabeth Jeglic, Cynthia Calkins, Linsey Raymaekers
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious problem not only in the community but also in institutional settings such as youth-serving organizations, churches, and schools. Although research has started to examine the problem of abuse in institutional settings, there remains a dearth of information about the nature and context of CSA in different employment settings, including those that do not specifically cater to children. In addition, research on the similarities and differences between perpetrators who work with children and other sex offenders is scarce...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643269/-doing-difference-and-fast-food-consumption-patterns-among-a-sample-of-white-and-african-american-emerging-adults
#5
Jeannette M Wade
Previous research has demonstrated that frequent consumption of fast food is linked to obesity and that trends in both are disparate across race and sex categories. Contextualizing race- and sex-related factors that structure fast food consumption in emerging adulthood is a much-needed contribution to social research. Specifically, this study uses the "doing difference" framework, to examine the frequency of fast food consumption in a sample of White and African American (18-25 years old). According to the framework, social inequalities are reproduced through dramaturgical performances of race, class, and gender...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643241/socio-demographic-characteristics-sexual-and-test-seeking-behaviours-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-both-men-and-women-results-from-a-bio-behavioural-survey-in-13-european-cities
#6
Massimo Mirandola, Lorenzo Gios, Nigel Sherriff, John Pachankis, Igor Toskin, Laia Ferrer, Sónia Dias, Inga Velicko, Danica Staneková, Saulius Caplinskas, Emilia Naseva, Marta Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik
Within the MSM population, men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW) are identified as a high-risk group both worldwide and in Europe. In a multi-centred bio-behavioural cross-sectional study, we aimed to assess the relationship(s) between socio-demographic factors, stigma, sexual behavioural patterns, test seeking behaviour and sero-status amongst MSMW. A multi-level analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with being MSMW versus Men who have Sex with Men Only (MSMO). A total of 4901 MSM were enrolled across the 13 study sites...
June 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642699/cerebral-blood-flow-and-amyloid-%C3%AE-interact-to-affect-memory-performance-in-cognitively-normal-older-adults
#7
Katherine J Bangen, Alexandra L Clark, Emily C Edmonds, Nicole D Evangelista, Madeleine L Werhane, Kelsey R Thomas, Lyzette E Locano, My Tran, Zvinka Z Zlatar, Daniel A Nation, Mark W Bondi, Lisa Delano-Wood
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) alterations and amyloid-β (Aβ) accumulation have been independently linked to cognitive deficits in older adults at risk for dementia. Less is known about how CBF and Aβ may interact to affect cognition in cognitively normal older adults. Therefore, we examined potential statistical interactions between CBF and Aβ status in regions typically affected in Alzheimer's disease (AD) within a sample of older adults from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) study. Sixty-two cognitively normal participants (mean age = 72 years) underwent neuroimaging and memory testing...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641780/associations-of-maternal-prenatal-smoking-with-umbilical-cord-blood-hormones-the-project-viva-cohort
#8
Abby F Fleisch, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Lisa B Rokoff, Marie-France Hivert, Christos S Mantzoros, Emily Oken
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with low fetal growth and adverse cardiometabolic health in offspring. However, hormonal pathways underlying these associations are unclear. Therefore, we examined maternal smoking habits and umbilical cord blood hormone profiles in a large, prospective cohort. METHODS: We studied 978 mother/infant pairs in Project Viva, a Boston-area cohort recruited 1999-2002. We categorized mothers as early pregnancy smokers, former smokers, or never smokers...
July 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640839/assessment-of-recall-error-in-self-reported-food-consumption-histories-among-adults-particularly-delay-of-interviews-decrease-completeness-of-food-histories-germany-2013
#9
Maximilian Gertler, Irina Czogiel, Klaus Stark, Hendrik Wilking
INTRODUCTION: Poor recall during investigations of foodborne outbreaks may lead to misclassifications in exposure ascertainment. We conducted a simulation study to assess the frequency and determinants of recall errors. METHODS: Lunch visitors in a cafeteria using exclusively cashless payment reported their consumption of 13 food servings available daily in the three preceding weeks using a self-administered paper-questionnaire. We validated this information using electronic payment information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639512/the-relationship-between-nairobi-adolescents-media-use-and-their-sexual-beliefs-and-attitudes
#10
Ann Neville Miller, William Kinnally, Hellen Maleche, Nancy Achieng' Booker
Adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk for contracting HIV. Although media campaigns have educated the population as a whole, few studies are available about the time sub-Saharan African youth spend listening to and viewing sexual messages via the entertainment and informational media. The goals of this project were: 1) to investigate what programming Nairobi adolescents access; and 2) to investigate the association between frequency of access and level of focus on physical relationships with adolescents' perceptions of descriptive norms of peer sexual behaviour, and their attitudes regarding men as sex driven, women as sex objects, and dating as a sport...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639430/talking-to-healthcare-providers-about-sex-in-later-life-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-with-older-australian-men-and-women
#11
Bianca Fileborn, Anthony Lyons, Wendy Heywood, Sharron Hinchliff, Sue Malta, Briony Dow, Graham Brown, Catherine Barrett, Victor Minichiello
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare providers (HCPs) can play an important role in supporting the sexual health of older adults; however, we know little about the experiences of older people in talking to HCPs about sex. This article examines older adults' experiences and perceptions of talking to HCPs about sex. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 men and 23 women aged 60 and older recruited from a national, online survey of older Australians. Data were analysed using a thematic approach...
June 22, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638966/measuring-everyday-functional-competence-using-the-rasch-assessment-of-everyday-activity-limitations-real-item-bank
#12
Martijn A H Oude Voshaar, Peter M Ten Klooster, Harald E Vonkeman, Mart A F J van de Laar
OBJECTIVE: Traditional patient-reported physical function instruments often poorly differentiate patients with mild-to-moderate disability. We describe the development and psychometric evaluation of a generic item bank for measuring everyday activity limitations in outpatient populations. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Seventy-two items generated from patient interviews and mapped to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) domestic life chapter were administered to 1128 adults representative of the Dutch population...
June 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638824/dual-epidemics-of-club-drug-use-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-chinese-female-sex-workers-new-challenges-to-sti-prevention
#13
Jing Li, Xiang-Dong Gong, Xiaoli Yue, Ning Jiang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate club drug use and its potential association with STI among female sex workers (FSWs) in China. METHODS: From November 2008 to January 2009, participants were recruited at sex work venues in five cities for a questionnaire survey. Free testing for syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) was provided. Logistic regression models were used to assess factors associated with club drug use and its association with STI...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637777/the-american-heart-association-ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-blacks-the-jackson-heart-study
#14
Valery S Effoe, Mercedes R Carnethon, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Haiying Chen, Joshua J Joseph, Arnita F Norwood, Alain G Bertoni
BACKGROUND: The concept of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH), defined by the American Heart Association primarily for coronary heart disease and stroke prevention, may apply to diabetes mellitus prevention among blacks. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our sample included 2668 adults in the Jackson Heart Study with complete baseline data on 6 of 7 American Heart Association CVH metrics (body mass index, healthy diet, smoking, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and physical activity)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637633/physical-activity-correlates-among-people-with-psychosis-data-from-47-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Fiona Gaughran, Kai G Kahl, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Andre F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia engage in low levels of physical activity (PA). However, few large-scale studies have investigated the factors that may influence PA participation in individuals with psychosis and data from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is especially scarce. Thus, we investigated PA correlates in a large sample of people with a psychosis diagnosis across 47 LMICs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Survey, restricting to those with a self-reported lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia/psychotic disorder, was analyzed...
June 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637581/how-partnership-type-and-hiv-seroconcordance-affect-hiv-transmission-risk-in-regular-sexual-partnerships-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-australian-gay-and-bisexual-men
#16
Benjamin R Bavinton, Andrew E Grulich, Duane Duncan, Iryna B Zablotska, Garrett P Prestage
Background: Regular sexual partnerships among gay and bisexual men (GBM) who practice condomless anal intercourse (CLAI) have not been well characterised in terms of partnership type, HIV seroconcordance and risk of HIV transmission. Primarily sexual regular partnerships, although commonly reported by gay men, have largely been ignored in research and HIV prevention. Among regular partners reporting CLAI with each other, we determined factors differentiating romantic or committed relationships from partnerships organised primarily around sex ('fuckbuddies') and estimated the proportion of CLAI presenting risk for HIV transmission...
June 22, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636576/vitamin-d-levels-and-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-in-major-depression
#17
Merve Şahin Can, Hayriye Baykan, Özgür Baykan, Nevin Erensoy, Tunay Karlıdere
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate vitamin D levels and rs2228570 (FokI) polymorphism of vitamin D in patients with established diagnosis of major depressive disorder in order to investigate the impact of vitamin D levels and genetic polymorphisms on etiology and/or severity of the disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 86 patients who were diagnosed with major depressive disorder in Hospital of Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, and 89 healthy volunteers with similar age, sex, education level and BMI...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636571/schizophrenia-and-bipolar-affective-disorder-a-dimensional-approach
#18
Demet Sağlam Aykut, Filiz Civil Arslan, Evrim Özkorumak, Ahmet Tiryaki
AIM: Schizophrenia (SCH) and bipolar affective disorder (BAD) are currently classified separately according to the DSM (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and ICD (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) standardized diagnostic guidelines. However, the validity of this categorical approach is controversial because psychotic symptoms may be observed in both diagnoses. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and social characteristics in a sample group consisting of patients diagnosed with SCH or BAD to help demonstrate the basic difficulty in the current classification of SCH and BAD as two etiologically distinct diseases...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635981/patient-perceived-access-to-care-when-actively-seeking-treatment
#19
Zachary Pruitt, Susan Sportsman
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine predictors of perceived access to care and reported barriers to care of patients with cancer actively seeking treatment.
. DESIGN: Retrospective secondary data analysis.
. SETTING: U.S. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a national survey with questions about healthcare coverage and access.
. SAMPLE: 1,170 adults with cancer actively seeking treatment.
. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634778/how-are-socio-demographic-and-psycho-social-factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-and-chronicity-of-severe-pain-in-14%C3%A2-different-body-sites-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-population-based-survey
#20
Thomas Ernst Dorner, Katharina Viktoria Stein, Julia Hahne, Florian Wepner, Martin Friedrich, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: Severe pain and chronic pain have a high impact on individuals and society. Body location of pain is important with regard to perception, articulation, and underlying biological, mental or social causes of pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in the general Austrian population with 15,474 personally interviewed subjects aged 15 years and older. RESULTS: The 1‑year period prevalence of severe pain in any body site was 38...
June 20, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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