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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166435/smoking-among-adolescents-is-associated-with-their-own-characteristics-and-with-parental-smoking-cross-sectional-study
#1
Rafaela Campos Cuissi de Andrade, Aline Duarte Ferreira, Dionei Ramos, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Catarina Covolo Scarabottolo, Bruna Thamyres Ciccotti Saraiva, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the association between smoking during adolescence and the characteristics of smoking and alcohol consumption among their parents. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in Londrina (PR), Brazil. METHODS: The subjects comprised 1,231 adolescents aged 14-17 years. The adolescents and their parents answered a self-report questionnaire that asked for sociodemographic information and data on smoking and alcohol consumption...
November 17, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166432/engagement-in-physical-education-classes-and-health-among-young-people-does-sports-practice-matter-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Diogo Henrique Constantino Coledam, Philippe Fanelli Ferraiol
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Physical education classes aim to promote health but it is unknown whether benefits occur independently of sports practice. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between engagement in physical education classes and physical fitness and obesity according to sports practice among Brazilian students. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional school-based study involving 737 students aged 10-17 years in southern Brazil. METHODS: Engagement in physical education classes and sports practice were analyzed using a self-report questionnaire...
November 17, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166405/child-sex-trafficking-in-the-united-states-challenges-for-the-healthcare-provider
#3
V Jordan Greenbaum
V. Jordan Greenbaum discusses ways healthcare providers can identify children trafficked for sex to provide for their physical and mental health and their social and educational needs.
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166380/food-and-nutrient-intakes-in-young-adults-born-preterm
#4
Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Satu Männistö, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Marjaana Tikanmäki, Kati Heinonen, Johan G Eriksson, Dieter Wolke, Aulikki Lano, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Marja Vääräsmäki, Katri Räikkönen, Eero Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Adults born preterm have higher levels of cardiometabolic risk factors than their term-born peers. Studies have suggested that at least those born smallest eat less healthily. We examined the association between early (<34 weeks) and late (34 to 36 weeks) preterm birth and diet and food preferences in adult age. METHODS: Participants of two cohort studies located in Finland completed a validated food frequency questionnaire(FFQ) at age 24y to assess their usual diet and the adherence to healthy eating guidelines by using a recommended diet index(RDI)...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166183/the-development-of-an-interactive-health-education-model-based-on-the-djuwita-application-for-adolescent-girls
#5
Sri Djuwitaningsih, Setyowati
Alarming incidents of maternal deaths in Indonesia are due to three major causes: bleeding, sepsis, and hypertension, in addition to other non-obstetric causes and unsafe abortions. Adolescent girls contributed to maternal mortality based on early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, and childbirth. Prevention efforts have been taken through government programs and non-governmental organizations, but in practice those were considered ineffective. Thus, a preventative effort in the form of health education should be made, preferably embedded in a popular mobile application that most teenagers would be apt to use...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165629/morbidity-mortality-and-socioeconomics-in-females-with-46-xy-disorders-of-sex-development-a-nationwide-study
#6
Agnethe Berglund, Trine H Johannsen, Kirstine Stochholm, Mette H Viuff, Jens Fedder, Katharina M Main, Claus H Gravholt
Context: Little is known about long-term health outcomes in phenotypic females with 46,XY disorders of sex development (XY females) and the socioeconomic profile is not described in detail. Objective: To describe morbidity, mortality and socioeconomic status in XY females in a comparison to the general population. Design: A nationwide registry study with complete follow-up. Setting: A uniform public health care system...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165353/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-association-between-24-h-urine-osmolality-and-weight-status-in-older-adults
#7
Patrícia Padrão, Ana S Sousa, Rita S Guerra, Luísa Álvares, Alejandro Santos, Nuno Borges, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F Amaral, Pedro Moreira
Data on the association between hydration and body weight in the elderly are scarce. The objective of this work was to quantify the association between 24-h urine osmolality and weight status in the elderly. A cross-sectional study was conducted within the Nutrition UP 65 study. A quota sampling was implemented to achieve a nationally representative sample of Portuguese older adults (≥65 years) according to age, sex, education and region. From a sample size of 1500 participants, 1315 were eligible for the present analysis, 57...
November 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165130/determinants-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-in-erythrocytes-of-pregnant-japanese-women-from-a-birth-cohort-study-study-protocol-and-baseline-findings-of-an-adjunct-study-of-the-japan-environment-children-s-study
#8
Shoji Saito, Terue Kawabata, Nozomi Tatsuta, Fumiko Kimura, Teruo Miyazawa, Satoshi Mizuno, Hidekazu Nishigori, Takahiro Arima, Yasuo Kagawa, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Kanami Tsuno, Yuki Ito, Michihiro Kamijima, Kunihiko Nakai, Nobuo Yaegashi
BACKGROUND: N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) may have multiple beneficial effects on the outcome of pregnancy, maternal health and child development. The present study introduced the protocol of a birth cohort study to examine the beneficial effects of n-3 PUFA status in pregnant Japanese women as an adjunct study of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS). METHODS: The JECS participants in the coastal areas of Miyagi Prefecture were further invited to participate in this adjunct study, and 1,878 pregnant women were enrolled prior to delivery...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165123/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-hypertension-and-prehypertension-in-a-working-population-at-high-altitude-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Yang Shen, Chun Chang, Jingru Zhang, Ying Jiang, Bingying Ni, Yanling Wang
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the epidemiology of hypertension and prehypertension at high altitude in China, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension, prehypertension and their risk factors among Chinese working population at high altitude regions. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in an occupational sample of 4198 employees aged 20-59 years on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau between May to July 2013. Information from a self-administered questionnaire, physical examinations and laboratory measurements were obtained from each participant...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165111/population-profile-and-residential-environment-of-an-urban-poor-community-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#10
Md Khalequzzaman, Chifa Chiang, Bilqis Amin Hoque, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Saika Nizam, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Akiko Matsuyama, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Syed Shariful Islam, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama
OBJECTIVES: A population survey was conducted in an urban shantytown in Bangladesh, as a baseline study of future epidemiological studies. This paper aims to describe the findings of the study, including the population profile and residential environment of the urban poor. METHODS: We conducted a complete count household survey in an urban poor community in Dhaka. Using a brief structured questionnaire in Bengali language, trained interviewers visited each household and asked questions such as: duration of residence; ownership of house, toilet and kitchen; water supply; number of family members; age, sex, education, occupation, tobacco use, and history of diseases of each family member...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165083/subjective-spatial-navigation-complaints-a-frequent-symptom-reported-by-patients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Cerman Jiri, Andel Ross, Laczo Jan, Vyhnalek Martin, Nedelska Zuzana, Mokrisova Ivana, Sheardova Katerina, Hort Jakub
BACKGROUND: Great effort has been put into developing simple and feasible tools capable to detect Alzheimer's disease (AD) in its early clinical stage. Spatial navigation impairment occurs very early in AD and is detectable even in the stage of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the frequency of self-reported spatial navigation complaints in patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD), amnestic and non-amnestic MCI (aMCI, naMCI) and AD dementia and to assess whether a simple questionnaire based on these complaints may be used to detect early AD...
November 20, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164504/basal-ganglia-cerebral-blood-flow-associates-with-psychomotor-speed-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
John P Ryan, Howard J Aizenstein, Trevor J Orchard, Karen A Nunley, Helmet Karim, Caterina Rosano
Type 1 diabetes is associated with slower psychomotor speed, but the neural basis of this relationship is not yet understood. The basal ganglia are a set of structures that are vulnerable to small vessel disease, particularly in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Thus, we examined the relationship between psychomotor speed and resting state resting cerebral blood flow in a sample of adults with diabetes onset during childhood (≤ 17 years of age). The sample included 77 patients (39 M, 38 F) with a mean age of 47...
November 21, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164136/factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-among-hypertensive-patients-in-kathmandu-nepal
#13
Saruna Ghimire, Praful Pradhananga, Binaya Kumar Baral, Naveen Shrestha
Introduction: Nepal has a high prevalence of hypertension. While improving the overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a central tenet to public health plans in developed nations, this focus has yet to be articulated in Nepal. Therefore, this study aims to identify the factors associated with HRQOL among hypertensive patients in Nepal. Method: The EuroQol-5Dimension HRQOL survey was administered to 180 hypertensive patients, attending the outpatient clinic at Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center in Kathmandu, Nepal...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164040/regional-disparity-and-factors-influencing-unmet-medical-needs-a-study-based-on-the-sixth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2015
#14
Ji Hye Lim
Objectives: This study aimed to determine regional differences and the factors that affect unmet medical needs. Methods: Data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015) were used, and 4,946 health survey participants who provided responses on medical utilization and health behavior were included in the study. Results: A statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence rate of unmet medical needs in terms of region...
October 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163268/sex-differences-in-intergenerational-income-transmission-and-educational-attainment-testing-the-trivers-willard-hypothesis
#15
Katharina E Pink, Anna Schaman, Martin Fieder
From an evolutionary point of view, sex differences in intergenerational transmission of income may be influenced by the Trivers-Willard (T-W) effect: Low status parents should invest more in daughters, whereas high status parents are expected to invest more in sons. This bias in parental investment may result in status-dependent sex biased parental support for higher education and educational attainment and should therefore affect the level of intergenerational income transmission for the sons and daughters...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163127/post-stroke-fatigue-and-depressive-symptoms-are-differentially-related-to-mobility-and-cognitive-performance
#16
Bradley J MacIntosh, Jodi D Edwards, Mani Kang, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Joyce L Chen, George Mochizuki, Nathan Herrmann, Walter Swardfager
Background: Fatigue and depressive symptoms are common and often inter-related stroke sequelae. This study investigates how they are related, directly or indirectly, to mobility and cognitive outcomes within 6 months of stroke. Methods: Participants were recruited from 4 stroke centers in Ontario, Canada. Post-stroke fatigue was assessed using the Fatigue Assessment Scale (FAS). Depressive symptoms were screened using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Scale for Depression (CES-D). Factor analyses were used to construct scores from mobility (distance traveled during a 2-min walk test, Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment leg score, and Berg Balance Scale total score) and cognitive (Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Trail-Making Tests A and B, and five-word free recall) tests...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162609/health-of-health-care-workers-in-canadian-nursing-homes-and-pediatric-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Matthias Hoben, Jennifer A Knopp-Sihota, Maryam Nesari, Stephanie A Chamberlain, Janet E Squires, Peter G Norton, Greta G Cummings, Bonnie J Stevens, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Poor health of health care workers affects quality of care, but research and health data for health care workers are scarce. Our aim was to compare physical/mental health among health care worker groups 1) within nursing homes and pediatric hospitals, 2) between the 2 settings and 3) with the physical/mental health of the Canadian population. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data collected as part of the Translating Research in Elder Care program and the Translating Research on Pain in Children program, we examined the health of health care workers...
November 21, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161632/ambient-air-pollution-adipokines-and-glucose-homeostasis-the-framingham-heart-study
#18
Wenyuan Li, Kirsten S Dorans, Elissa H Wilker, Mary B Rice, Itai Kloog, Joel D Schwartz, Petros Koutrakis, Brent A Coull, Diane R Gold, James B Meigs, Caroline S Fox, Murray A Mittleman
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of proximity to major roadways, sustained exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5), and acute exposure to ambient air pollutants with adipokines and measures of glucose homeostasis among participants living in the northeastern United States. METHODS: We included 5958 participants from the Framingham Offspring cohort examination cycle 7 (1998-2001) and 8 (2005-2008) and Third Generation cohort examination cycle 1 (2002-2005) and 2 (2008-2011), who did not have type 2 diabetes at the time of examination visit...
November 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161403/school-practices-important-for-students-sexual-health-analysis-of-the-school-health-research-network-survey-in-wales
#19
Honor Young, Sara Jayne Long, Britt Hallingberg, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Simon Murphy, Graham F Moore
Background: This study investigates how the sexual health outcomes of a representative sample of students aged 15-16 in Wales vary according to the person delivering Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) in schools, students' access to on-site sexual health services and access to free condoms. Methods: Cross-sectional, self-report survey data were collected from students who participated in the 2015/16 School Health Research Network questionnaire in Wales. Data were analyzed from 59 schools, totalling 3781 students aged 15-16 (M = 15...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161260/hiv-self-testing-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Andrew Fullem, Caitlin Dunn, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E Oldenburg
BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing (HIVST) may play a role in addressing gaps in HIV testing coverage and as an entry point for HIV prevention services. We conducted a cluster randomized trial of 2 HIVST distribution mechanisms compared to the standard of care among female sex workers (FSWs) in Zambia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Trained peer educators in Kapiri Mposhi, Chirundu, and Livingstone, Zambia, each recruited 6 FSW participants. Peer educator-FSW groups were randomized to 1 of 3 arms: (1) delivery (direct distribution of an oral HIVST from the peer educator), (2) coupon (a coupon for collection of an oral HIVST from a health clinic/pharmacy), or (3) standard-of-care HIV testing...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
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