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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329934/-hiv-infection-and-associated-factors-in-hiv-antibody-positive-clients-of-female-sex-workers-recently-reported-in-shaanxi-province
#1
T Hu, W H Chang, M Y Zhang
Objective: To investigate the current status of HIV infection and the related factors in HIV antibody positive clients of female sex workers (FSWs) recently reported in Shaanxi province. Methods: The HIV/AIDS cases newly diagnosed in males living in Shaanxi from January 1th of 2013 to June 30th of 2014 were selected and those infected through " commercial heterosexual behavior" were identified. The information about their demographic characteristics, previous unprotected heterosexual sex and the sample sources were collected, and serum or plasma samples were collected from them and tested with BED-CEIA...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329844/the-influence-of-exercise-on-cognitive-function-in-older-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-%C3%A2-caminemos-study
#2
Lissette M Piedra, Flavia C D Andrade, Rosalba Hernandez, Seth William Boughton, Laura Trejo, Catherine A Sarkisian
Purpose of the Study: We examined the prospective effect of an evidence-based exercise intervention (¡Caminemos!) on cognitive function among older Hispanic/Latino adults and the potential synergistic effects (if any) of an attribution-retraining intervention given to a random sample to counter negative ascriptions of the aging process. Design and Methods: We analyzed baseline and follow-up (1- and 2-year) data collected from Hispanics/Latinos ≥60 years (N = 571) who participated in ¡Caminemos! across 27 senior centers...
March 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329665/risk-factors-for-facial-telangiectasia
#3
Merel A Hamer, Luba M Pardo, David A Gunn, Tamar Nijsten
BackgroundTelangiectasia or red veins are one of the main features of facial skin aging. To date there are few studies investigating risk factors for telangiectasia. We investigated environmental risk factors in a population-based cohort study, using a digital continuous outcome measure.MethodsTelangiectasia were quantified digitally from standardized 3-dimensional facial photographs of 2886 North- European participants (56.8% female, median age 66.9) from the Rotterdam Study, a prospective population-based cohort study...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329641/differences-in-incidence-and-persistence-of-atopic-dermatitis-by-race-ethnicity
#4
M Blomberg, S L Rifas-Shiman, Ca Jr Camargo, D R Gold, J P Thyssen, A A Litonjua, M W Gillman, M M Asgari, E Oken
BackgroundMost studies on racial disparities in childhood atopic dermatitis (AD) did not consider persistent AD or account for differences in vitamin D status.MethodsAmong 1418 children recruited from a Massachusetts HMO into the pre-birth Project Viva cohort, we examined associations of child's race/ethnicity with maternal report of child's AD diagnosis by annual questionnaires. We used multivariable logistic regression adjusted for socio- demographics (maternal education, household income, smoking exposure, parental atopy, breastfeeding duration, child sex) and cord blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D, to estimate odds ratios (OR) of incident AD by early childhood (median age 3...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329634/comparing-survival-of-patients-with-single-or-multiple-primary-melanoma-in-the-netherlands-1994-2009
#5
L M Pardo, R J T Ven der Leest, E De Vries, I Soerjomataram, T Nijsten, L M Hollestein
There is conflicting literature as to whether the survival of patients with multiple melanoma is worse that this of single melanoma cases. We used extended Cox-proportional hazard models to estimate hazard-ratios (HR) of patients with multiple melanomas against single melanomas. Data from the nationwide Dutch Cancer Registry was used to retrieve cutaneous melanoma cases between 1994 and 2009 and linked with municipal records to assess the vital status. To account for the longer survival in the multiple melanoma cases we modelled multiple melanoma as time-varying variable, as well as Breslow thickness, histological subtype and nodal/distant metastasis...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329253/a-modified-healthy-aging-index-and-its-association-with-mortality-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2002
#6
Chenkai Wu, Ellen Smit, Jason L Sanders, Anne B Newman, Michelle C Odden
Background: Comorbidity indices that are based on clinically recognized disease do not capture the full spectrum of health. The Healthy Aging Index (HAI) was recently developed to describe a wider range of health and disease across multiple organ systems. We characterized the distribution of a modified HAI (mHAI) by sociodemographics in a representative sample of the U.S. population. We also examined the association of the mHAI with mortality across individuals with different levels of clinically recognizable comorbidities...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329057/coronary-artery-calcification-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-death-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Jing Chen, Matthew J Budoff, Muredach P Reilly, Wei Yang, Sylvia E Rosas, Mahboob Rahman, Xiaoming Zhang, Jason A Roy, Eva Lustigova, Lisa Nessel, Virginia Ford, Dominic Raj, Anna C Porter, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jackson T Wright, Myles Wolf, Jiang He
Importance: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent in dialysis-naive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there are sparse data on the association of CAC with subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in this population. Objective: To study the prospective association of CAC with risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among dialysis-naive patients with CKD. Design, Setting, and Participants: The prospective Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort study recruited adults with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 20 to 70 mL/min/1...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327799/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-syphilis-in-a-reference-center
#8
Natália Carolina Rodrigues Colombo Gomes, Denise Andrade Pereira Meier, Flávia Meneguetti Pieri, Elaine Alves, Silvia Paulino Ribeiro Albanese, Edvilson Cristiano Lentine, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio, Elma Mathias Dessunti
INTRODUCTION: The implementation of the rapid test (RT) for syphilis increases access of vulnerable populations to early diagnosis and treatment, impacting the outcomes of infection. We aimed to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with syphilis in a Center for Testing and Counseling (CTC). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at a Reference Center for sexually transmitted disease (STD) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Londrina, Northern Paraná State, Southern Brazil...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327004/readers-panel-should-school-nurses-be-made-responsible-for-sex-education
#9
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Our experts consider a hot topic of the day.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326830/do-statin-users-adhere-to-a-healthy-diet-and-lifestyle-the-australian-diabetes-obesity-and-lifestyle-study
#10
Simran Johal, Kris M Jamsen, J Simon Bell, Kevin P Mc Namara, Dianna J Magliano, Danny Liew, Taliesin E Ryan-Atwood, Claire Anderson, Jenni Ilomäki
Background Lifestyle and dietary advice typically precedes or accompanies the prescription of statin medications. However, evidence for adherence to this advice is sparse. The objective was to compare saturated fat intake, exercise, alcohol consumption and smoking between statin users and non-users in Australia. Methods Data were analysed for 4614 participants aged ≥37 years in the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study in 2011-2012. Statin use, smoking status and physical activity were self-reported...
April 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326534/smell-loss-predicts-mortality-risk-regardless-of-dementia-conversion
#11
Ingrid Ekström, Sara Sjölund, Steven Nordin, Annelie Nordin Adolfsson, Rolf Adolfsson, Lars-Göran Nilsson, Maria Larsson, Jonas K Olofsson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether dementia could explain the association between poor olfactory performance and mortality risk within a decade-long follow-up period. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Betula Study, Umeå, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: A population-based sample of adult participants without dementia at baseline aged 40 to 90 (N = 1,774). MEASUREMENTS: Olfactory performance using the Scandinavian Odor-Identification Test (SOIT) and self-reported olfactory function; several social, cognitive, and medical risk factors at baseline; and incident dementia during the following decade...
March 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325061/overweight-and-obese-status-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-disruptive-behavior
#12
Kristen K Criado, William G Sharp, Courtney E McCracken, Oana De Vinck-Baroody, Liansai Dong, Michael G Aman, Christopher J McDougle, James T McCracken, L Eugene Arnold, Carol Weitzman, John M Leventhal, Benedetto Vitiello, Lawrence Scahill
Overweight and obesity are common in pediatric populations. Children with autism spectrum disorder and disruptive behavior may be at higher risk. This study examined whether children with autism spectrum disorder and disruptive behavior are more likely to be overweight or obese than matched controls. Baseline data from medication-free children with autism spectrum disorder who participated in trials conducted by the Research Units on Pediatric Psychopharmacology Autism Network (N = 276) were compared to 544 control children from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database matched on age, sex, race, parent education, and era of data collection...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323832/age-related-cognitive-decline-and-associations-with-sex-education-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-across-ethnocultural-groups-and-geographic-regions-a-collaborative-cohort-study
#13
Darren M Lipnicki, John D Crawford, Rajib Dutta, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Nicole A Kochan, Gavin Andrews, M Fernanda Lima-Costa, Erico Castro-Costa, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom C M Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Jacqueline Scali, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia, Efthimios Dardiotis, Linda C W Lam, Candy H Y Wong, Ada W T Fung, Antonio Guaita, Roberta Vaccaro, Annalisa Davin, Ki Woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Peter Butterworth, Marcia Scazufca, Shuzo Kumagai, Sanmei Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Tze Pin Ng, Qi Gao, Simone Reppermund, Henry Brodaty, Antonio Lobo, Raúl Lopez-Anton, Javier Santabárbara, Perminder S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323826/apoe-related-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-for-prevention-trials-an-analysis-of-four-cohorts
#14
Jing Qian, Frank J Wolters, Alexa Beiser, Mary Haan, M Arfan Ikram, Jason Karlawish, Jessica B Langbaum, John M Neuhaus, Eric M Reiman, J Scott Roberts, Sudha Seshadri, Pierre N Tariot, Beth McCarty Woods, Rebecca A Betensky, Deborah Blacker
BACKGROUND: With the onset of prevention trials for individuals at high risk for Alzheimer disease, there is increasing need for accurate risk prediction to inform study design and enrollment, but available risk estimates are limited. We developed risk estimates for the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia among cognitively unimpaired individuals by APOE-e4 dose for the genetic disclosure process of the Alzheimer's Prevention Initiative Generation Study, a prevention trial in cognitively unimpaired APOE-e4/e4 homozygote individuals...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323333/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-mini-mental-state-examination-in-late-nonagenarians-and-its-relationship-with-dementia-mortality-and-education
#15
Johan Skoog, Kristoffer Backman, Mats Ribbe, Hanna Falk, Pia Gudmundsson, Valgeir Thorvaldsson, Anne Borjesson-Hanson, Svante Ostling, Boo Johansson, Ingmar Skoog
OBJECTIVES: To examine level of and change in cognitive status using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in relation to dementia, mortality, education, and sex in late nonagenarians. DESIGN: Three-year longitudinal study with examinations at ages 97, 99, and 100. SETTING: Trained psychiatric research nurses examined participants at their place of living. PARTICIPANTS: A representative population-based sample of 97-year-old Swedes (N = 591; 107 men, 484 women) living in Gothenburg, Sweden...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322122/a-survey-of-wisconsin-pediatricians-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine
#16
Marc R Rohrbach, Aaron M Wieland
Objective The human papillomavirus (HPV) is common and carries a significant burden of disease. This is increasingly apparent in males with the rising incidence of HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer. Unfortunately, vaccination rates remain poor and are lowest in males. It is unclear if pediatricians are aware of the alarming rise of HPV-mediated head and neck cancers and the disproportionate effect on males. Study Design This investigation used a cross-sectional descriptive survey research design. Setting The survey was developed by investigators in the University of Wisconsin Division of Otolaryngology...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321888/specific-language-impairment-is-associated-with-maternal-and-family-factors
#17
F B Diepeveen, P van Dommelen, A M Oudesluys-Murphy, P H Verkerk
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with specific language impairment (SLI). METHODS: In a nested case-control design, 253 children attending special needs schools for severe speech and language difficulties in the Netherlands were matched for sex and date of birth with 253 children attending mainstream education. Data on perinatal, maternal and family issues were retrieved from well-child care files registered shortly after birth. RESULTS: Children with SLI had younger mothers than children in the control group (mean 30 years 9 months vs...
March 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321602/does-the-sense-of-coherence-modifies-the-relationship-of-oral-clinical-conditions-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#18
Fernanda W Machado, Ana Paula Perroni, Gustavo G Nascimento, Marília L Goettems, Noéli Boscato
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association of demographic and clinical characteristics, Sense of Coherence (SOC), clinical conditions (number of teeth, and use of and need for dental prostheses), and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL); and if the SOC modifies the relationship of clinical conditions and OHRQoL in a sample of elders. METHODS: Trained dentists assessed the participants' oral health and conducted interviews (n = 110)...
March 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321295/getting-started-with-tables
#19
Hazel Inskip, Georgia Ntani, Leo Westbury, Chiara Di Gravio, Stefania D'Angelo, Camille Parsons, Janis Baird
BACKGROUND: Tables are often overlooked by many readers of papers who tend to focus on the text. Good tables tell much of the story of a paper and give a richer insight into the details of the study participants and the main research findings. Being confident in reading tables and constructing clear tables are important skills for researchers to master. METHOD: Common forms of tables were considered, along with the standard statistics used in them. Papers in the Archives of Public Health published during 2015 and 2016 were hand-searched for examples to illustrate the points being made...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320747/association-of-cardiovascular-health-with-subclinical-disease-and-incident-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#20
Tamar S Polonsky, Hongyan Ning, Martha L Daviglus, Kiang Liu, Gregory L Burke, Mary Cushman, John Eng, Aaron R Folsom, Pamela L Lutsey, Jennifer A Nettleton, Wendy S Post, Ralph L Sacco, Moyses Szklo, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
BACKGROUND: Few adults have ideal cardiovascular health (CVH). We studied associations of an overall CVH score with subclinical cardiovascular disease and events. We assessed whether associations varied by race/ethnicity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 5961 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, components of CVH were measured at baseline, 2000-2002: systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, fasting glucose, smoking, physical activity, diet, and body mass index...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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