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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449365/duty-related-trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-professional-firefighters
#1
Junghyun H Lee, Dayoung Lee, Jiae Kim, Kyoungsun Jeon, Minyoung Sim
Firefighters commonly encounter traumatic events during duty hours. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of duty-related trauma as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in professional firefighters. A sample of 212 firefighters participated in the study and completed self-reported questionnaires. Potentially traumatic events (PTE) were assessed using a list of 17 traumatic event types. The posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Lim et al...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449198/systematic-review-of-sex-work-interventions-in-sub-saharan-africa-examining-combination-prevention-approaches
#2
George Awungafac, Therese Delvaux, Bea Vuylsteke
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections is disproportionately high among sex workers (SW). We aimed to update the evidence on the effectiveness of SW interventions in sub-Saharan Africa and to provide more insights into combination prevention. METHODS: Systematic review following PRISMA guidelines in a search of PUBMED and POPLINE for peer-reviewed literature published between January 1, 2000 and July 22, 2016 (registration number on PROSPERO: CRD42016042529)...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448893/diabetes-status-modifies-the-association-between-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-incident-heart-failure-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#3
Valery S Effoe, Eric E McClendon, Carlos J Rodriguez, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Gregory W Evans, Patricia P Chang, Alain G Bertoni
AIMS: Increasing carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is associated with incident heart failure (HF). We investigated whether this association differs by diabetes status. METHODS: We characterized 13,590 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study participants free of baseline HF into normal fasting glucose (NFG, glucose <100mg/dl), impaired fasting glucose (IFG, glucose 100-125mg/dl), and type 2 diabetes (T2D, glucose ≥126mg/dl, self-report, or use of diabetes drugs)...
April 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448698/characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-suicide-and-deaths-among-college-students-a-23-year-serial-prevalence-study-of-data-from-8-2-million-japanese-college-students
#4
Chiyoko Uchida, Mai Uchida
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a leading cause of death for college students. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of suicide among college students that could improve university services to help prevent college suicide. METHODS: We conducted a 23-year serial prevalence study of the prevalence and characteristics of death and suicide among 8,262,314 Japanese college students. We analyzed rates of suicide from the 1989 to 1990 academic year through the 2011-2012 academic year and characterized suicide among this population, focusing on students' sex and psychiatric and academic backgrounds to identify risk factors for suicide...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448669/prevalence-of-undiagnosed-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-primary-eye-care
#5
David C Neely, Kevin J Bray, Carrie E Huisingh, Mark E Clark, Gerald McGwin, Cynthia Owsley
Importance: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible vision impairment in older adults in the United States, yet little is known about whether AMD is appropriately diagnosed in primary eye care. Objectives: To examine the prevalence of eyes with AMD in patients seen in primary eye care clinics who purportedly have normal macular health per their medical record and the association of AMD with patient and physician characteristics...
April 27, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448501/employment-12-months-after-kidney-transplantation-an-in-depth-bio-psycho-social-analysis-of-the-swiss-transplant-cohort
#6
Brigitta Danuser, Amira Simcox, Regina Studer, Michael Koller, Pascal Wild
BACKGROUND: Return to work with or after a chronic disease is a dynamic process influenced by a variety of interactions between personal, work, societal and medical resources or constraints. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for employment 12 months after transplantation in kidney patients, applying a bio-psycho-social model. METHODS: All kidney patients followed in the Swiss Transplant Cohort between May 2008 and December 2012, aged 18 to 65 were assessed before, 6 and 12 months after transplantation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448192/epidemiology-of-newly-diagnosed-hypertensives-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#7
Udaya Ralapanawa, Samath D Dharmaratne, KushaleePoornima Jayawickreme, Madhushanka Ekanayake
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in most countries and the past two decades have shown a global increase. Hypertension (HTN) was found to be the leading risk factor in 2010 as qualified by Disability Adjusted Life Years. Epidemiological studies in this regard in Sri Lanka are scarce. Thus, describing epidemiological patterns of HTN in the Sri Lankan population will help policy makers in planning preventive healthcare programs and aid in preparing strategies to cope with the increasing demand for healthcare facilities...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448094/high-prevalence-of-personality-disorders-in-skin-restricted-lupus-patients
#8
Isabelle Jalenques, Fabien Rondepierre, Catherine Massoubre, Sophie Bonnefond, Raymond Schwan, Bruno Labeille, Jean-Luc Perrot, Marianne Collange, Aurelien Mulliez, Michel D'Incan
Psychiatric and personality disorders have been extensively documented in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the prevalence of personality disorders in skin-restricted lupus (SRL) patients remains unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of personality disorders in SRL outpatients and to examine the associated factors. We evaluated 60 SRL outpatients and 118 controls matched for sex, age and education level. On the basis of the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire 4+, 38% of patients vs 20 % of controls fulfilled the criteria for at least one personality disorder (OR 2...
April 27, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447873/employment-outcome-ten-years-after-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Erik Grauwmeijer, Majanka Heijenbrok-Kal, Iain Haitsma, Gerard Ribbers
The objective of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the probability of employment and predictors of employment in patients with moderate to severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) over 10 years follow-up. 113 patients (18-67 years) were included with follow-up measurements 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36 months and ten years after TBI. Potential predictors of employment probability included patient characteristics, injury severity factors, functional outcome measured at discharge from the hospital with the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), Barthel Index (BI), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and the Functional Assessment Measure (FAM)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447335/positive-alcohol-expectancies-mediate-associations-between-adhd-behaviors-and-alcohol-related-problems-among-college-students
#10
Alexis Elmore, Molly Nikolas, Will Canu
An increasing percentage of college students report being affected by ADHD behaviors, and this population is at increased risk of experiencing negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption. However, specific factors motivating alcohol consumption and contributing to negative outcomes among these individuals are not well understood. Recent work suggests alcohol expectancies may interact with ADHD behaviors to influence negative drinking-related outcomes among those with elevated inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity...
April 26, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447202/exploring-the-relationship-between-perceived-barriers-to-healthy-eating-and-dietary-behaviours-in-european-adults
#11
M G M Pinho, J D Mackenbach, H Charreire, J-M Oppert, H Bárdos, K Glonti, H Rutter, S Compernolle, I De Bourdeaudhuij, J W J Beulens, J Brug, J Lakerveld
PURPOSE: Dietary behaviours may be influenced by perceptions of barriers to healthy eating. Using data from a large cross-European study (N = 5900), we explored associations between various perceived barriers to healthy eating and dietary behaviours among adults from urban regions in five European countries and examined whether associations differed across regions and socio-demographic backgrounds. METHODS: Frequency of consumption of fruit, vegetables, fish, fast food, sugar-sweetened beverages, sweets, breakfast and home-cooked meals were split by the median into higher and lower consumption...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446895/all-tapped-out-touchscreen-interactivity-and-young-children-s-word-learning
#12
Colleen Russo-Johnson, Georgene Troseth, Charlotte Duncan, Almaz Mesghina
Touchscreen devices differ from passive screen media in promoting physical interaction with events on the screen. Two studies examined how young children's screen-directed actions related to self-regulation (Study 1) and word learning (Study 2). In Study 1, 30 2-year-old children's tapping behaviors during game play were related to their self-regulation, measured using Carlson's snack task: girls and children with high self-regulation tapped significantly less during instruction portions of an app (including object labeling events) than did boys and children with low self-regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446738/work-activity-and-phenylalanine-levels-in-a-population-of-young-adults-with-classic-pku
#13
Michele Augusto Riva, Fabiana Madotto, Massimo Turato, Elisabetta Salvatici, Silvia Indovina, Marcello Giovannini, Enrica Riva, Giancarlo Cesana
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of metabolism characterized by increased blood concentrations of phenylalanine (Phe). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the association between the metabolic compliance of adult patients affected by classic PKU and the characteristics of their present and past occupations. METHODS: The study population consisted of working adults, affected by classic PKU, and following a dietary treatment...
April 21, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446656/effect-of-a-long-term-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-prevalence-of-cognitive-impairment
#14
Mark A Espeland, José A Luchsinger, Laura D Baker, Rebecca Neiberg, Steven E Kahn, Steven E Arnold, Rena R Wing, George L Blackburn, George Bray, Mary Evans, Helen P Hazuda, Robert W Jeffery, Valerie M Wilson, Jeanne M Clark, Mace Coday, Kathryn Demos-McDermott, John P Foreyt, Frank Greenway, James O Hill, Edward S Horton, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, William C Knowler, Cora E Lewis, David M Nathan, Anne Peters, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Henry Pownall, Thomas A Wadden, Stephen R Rapp
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether an average of 10 years of lifestyle intervention designed to reduce weight and increase physical activity lowers the prevalence of cognitive impairment among adults at increased risk due to type 2 diabetes and obesity or overweight. METHODS: Central adjudication of mild cognitive impairment and probable dementia was based on standardized cognitive test battery scores administered to 3,802 individuals who had been randomly assigned, with equal probability, to either the lifestyle intervention or the diabetes support and education control...
April 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446178/inequality-in-unmet-dental-care-needs-among-south-korean-adults
#15
Nayoung Kim, Chang-Yup Kim, Hosung Shin
BACKGROUND: The current public health research agenda was to identify the means to reduce oral health inequalities internationally. The objectives of this study were to provide evidence of inequality in unmet dental needs and to find influencing factors attributable to those among South Korean adults. METHODS: Pooled cross-sectional data from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009) on 17,141 Korean adults were used. Demographic factors (sex, age, and marital status), socioeconomic factors (education level, employment status, and income level), need factors (normative dental needs and self-perceived oral health status), and oral health-related factors (the number of decayed teeth, the presence of periodontitis, and the number of missing teeth) were included...
April 26, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445214/teaching-the-social-determinants-of-health-a-path-to-equity-or-a-road-to-nowhere
#16
Malika Sharma, Andrew D Pinto, Arno K Kumagai
Medical schools are increasingly called to include social responsibility in their mandates. As such, they are focusing their attention on the social determinants of health (SDOH) as key drivers in the health of the patients and communities they serve. However, underlying this emphasis on SDOH is the assumption that teaching medical students about SDOH will lead future physicians to take action to help achieve health equity. There is little evidence to support this belief. In many ways, the current approach to SDOH within medical education positions the SDOH as "facts to be known" rather than as "conditions to be challenged and changed...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444554/relationships-between-environmental-factors-and-participation-in-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-stroke-and-spinal-cord-injury-a-cross-sectional-multi-center-study
#17
Alex W K Wong, Sheryl Ng, Jessica Dashner, M Carolyn Baum, Joy Hammel, Susan Magasi, Jin-Shei Lai, Noelle E Carlozzi, David S Tulsky, Ana Miskovic, Arielle Goldsmith, Allen W Heinemann
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a model of environmental factors-participation relationships for persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, and spinal cord injury (SCI), and test whether this model differed across three diagnostic groups, as well as other demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study included 545 community-dwelling adults with neurological disorders (TBI = 166; stroke = 189; SCI = 190) recruited at three academic medical centers...
April 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444470/sexual-orientation-differences-in-health-and-wellbeing-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada-findings-from-a-national-cohort-study
#18
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Kath Webster, Tracey Conway, Mona Loutfy
Sexual orientation differences in health and wellbeing among women living with HIV (WLH) are underexplored. Limited research available, however, suggests that sexual minority WLH may experience barriers to HIV care. Cross-sectional baseline data was analyzed from a Canadian cohort study with WLH (sexual minority women [SMW]: n = 180; heterosexual women: n = 1240). SMW (median age 38 years, IQR 13) included bisexual (58.9%), lesbian (17.8%) and other sexualities (23.3%). In multivariable analyses adjusting for age, poverty, education, and ethnicity, SMW identity was associated with increased odds of: clinical (80% vs...
April 25, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444001/birth-weight-and-risk-of-childhood-solid-tumors-in-brazil-a-record-linkage-between-population-based-data-sets
#19
Neimar de Paula Silva, Rejane de Souza Reis, Rafael Garcia Cunha, Julio Fernando Oliveira, Fernanda Cristina da Silva de Lima, Maria Socorro Pombo-de-Oliveira, Marceli Oliveira Santos, Beatriz de Camargo
Objective: To analyze the relationship between the development of childhood solid tumors and 1) birth weight and 2) fetal growth, using two Brazilian population-based data sets. Methods: A case-cohort study was performed using two population-based data sets, and linkage between the Live Birth Information System (Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos, SINASC) and 14 population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) was established. Four controls per case were chosen randomly from the SINASC data set...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443492/consumption-of-healthy-foods-and-associated-socio-demographic-factors-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-immigrants-in-finland
#20
Folasade A Adebayo, Suvi T Itkonen, Päivikki Koponen, Ritva Prättälä, Tommi Härkänen, Christel Lamberg-Allardt, Maijaliisa Erkkola
AIMS: We evaluated the consumption of healthy foods among Russian, Somali and Kurdish immigrants in Finland, and examined the relationship between socio-demographic factors and food consumption. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study (Maamu), a population-based health interview and examination survey in six different municipalities in Finland between 2010 and 2012. Altogether, 635 men and 737 women, aged 18-64 years, of Russian ( n = 527), Somali ( n = 337) and Kurdish ( n = 508) origin were included...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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