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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792564/cognitive-and-behavioral-resilience-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-with-hiv
#1
Sophia A Hussen, Gary W Harper, Caryn R R Rodgers, Jacob J van den Berg, Nadia Dowshen, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE: HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (Y-GBMSM). Resilience remains understudied among Y-GBMSM living with HIV, but represents a potentially important framework for improving HIV-related outcomes in this population. We sought to explore cognitive and behavioral dimensions of resilience and their correlates among Y-GBMSM to gain insights to inform future interventions. METHODS: Our study sample consisted of 200 Y-GBMSM living with HIV enrolled in a multisite study of the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN)...
August 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792296/-it-s-totally-okay-to-be-sad-but-never-lose-hope-content-analysis-of-infertility-related-videos-on-youtube-in-relation-to-viewer-preferences
#2
Margot Kelly-Hedrick, Paul H Grunberg, Felicia Brochu, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Infertility patients frequently use the internet to find fertility-related information and support from people in similar circumstances. YouTube is increasingly used as a source of health-related information and may influence health decision making. There have been no studies examining the content of infertility-related videos on YouTube. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to (1) describe the content of highly viewed videos on YouTube related to infertility and (2) identify video characteristics that relate to viewer preference...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792241/efficacy-of-digital-cbt-for-insomnia-to-reduce-depression-across-demographic-groups-a-randomized-trial
#3
Philip Cheng, Annemarie I Luik, Cynthia Fellman-Couture, Edward Peterson, Christine L M Joseph, Gabriel Tallent, Kieulinh Michelle Tran, Brian K Ahmedani, Timothy Roehrs, Thomas Roth, Christopher L Drake
BACKGROUND: Insomnia and depression are highly comorbid and mutually exacerbate clinical trajectories and outcomes. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) effectively reduces both insomnia and depression severity, and can be delivered digitally. This could substantially increase the accessibility to CBT-I, which could reduce the health disparities related to insomnia; however, the efficacy of digital CBT-I (dCBT-I) across a range of demographic groups has not yet been adequately examined...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792087/effects-of-intensive-short-term-dynamic-psychotherapy-on-social-cognition-in-major-depression
#4
Bita Ajilchi, Steve Kisely, Vahid Nejati, Jon Frederickson
BACKGROUND: Social cognition is commonly affected in psychiatric disorders and is a determinant of quality of life. However, there are few studies of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy on social cognition in major depression. METHOD: This study used a parallel group randomized control design to compare pre-test and post-test social cognition scores between depressed participants receiving ISTDP and those allocated to a wait-list control group...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792086/risk-of-further-surgery-on-the-same-or-opposite-side-and-mortality-after-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-multi-state-analysis-of-133-654-patients-from-the-swedish-hip-arthroplasty-register
#5
Peter H J Cnudde, Szilard Nemes, Erik Bülow, A John Timperley, Sarah L Whitehouse, Johan Kärrholm, Ola Rolfson
Background and purpose - The hip-related timeline of patients following a total hip arthroplasty (THA) can vary. Ideally patients will live their life without need for further surgery; however, some will undergo replacement on the contralateral hip and/or reoperations. We analyzed the probability of mortality and further hip-related surgery on the same or contralateral hip. Patients and methods - We performed a multi-state survival analysis on a prospectively followed cohort of 133,654 Swedish patients undergoing an elective THA between 1999 and 2012...
May 23, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791529/prevalence-and-correlates-of-insufficient-physical-activity-in-school-adolescents-in-peru
#6
Bimala Sharma, Rosemary Cosme Chavez, Eun Woo Nam
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and correlates of insufficient physical activity in adolescents in Peru. METHODS We used a self-administered questionnaire developed from Global school-based Student Health Survey to collect information from secondary school students in North Lima and Callao in 2015. We carried out Poisson regression with robust variance using generalized linear models to estimate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of insufficient physical activity for its correlates...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790961/increased-vulnerability-to-attentional-failure-during-acute-sleep-deprivation-in-women-depends-on-menstrual-phase
#7
Parisa Vidafar, Joshua J Gooley, Angus C Burns, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Melanie Rueger, Eliza Van Reen, Charles A Czeisler, Steven W Lockley, Sean W Cain
Study Objectives: Investigate sex differences in the effect of sleep deprivation on performance, accounting for menstrual phase in women. Methods: We examined alertness data from 124 healthy women and men (40 women, 84 men; aged 18 - 30 years) who maintained wakefulness for at least 30 hours in a laboratory setting using a constant routine protocol. Objective alertness was assessed every two hours using a 10-minute Psychomotor Vigilance Task. Subjective alertness was assessed every hour via the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale...
May 22, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790298/risk-of-childhood-rheumatic-and-non-rheumatic-autoimmune-diseases-in-children-born-to-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#8
Julie Couture, Sasha Bernatsky, Susan Scott, Christian A Pineau, Evelyne Vinet
OBJECTIVES: Several autoimmune diseases have familial aggregation and possibly, common genetic predispositions. In a large population-based study, we evaluated if children born to mothers with SLE have an increased risk of rheumatic and non-rheumatic autoimmune diseases, versus children born to mothers without SLE. METHODS: Using the "Offspring of SLE mothers Registry (OSLER)", we identified children born live to SLE mothers and their matched controls, and ascertained autoimmune diseases based on ≥1 hospitalization or ≥2 physician visits with a relevant diagnostic code...
May 23, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790110/prevalence-of-hyperuricemia-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-general-korean-population-an-analysis-of-a-population-based-nationally-representative-sample
#9
Yunkyung Kim, Jihun Kang, Geun-Tae Kim
Hyperuricemia is not only a risk factor for gout but also an independent determinant of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney diseases. Although the incidence of gout in Korean adults is increasing, epidemiologic studies on hyperuricemia in the general Korean population are limited. Thus, this study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors among non-institutionalized Korean adults. The present study included 5548 participants (2403 men and 3145 women) aged ≥ 19 years from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789878/nuts-as-a-replacement-for-carbohydrates-in-the-diabetic-diet-a-reanalysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
David J A Jenkins, Cyril W C Kendall, Benoît Lamarche, Monica S Banach, Korbua Srichaikul, Edward Vidgen, Sandy Mitchell, Tina Parker, Stephanie Nishi, Balachandran Bashyam, Russell J de Souza, Christopher Ireland, Sathish C Pichika, Joseph Beyene, John L Sievenpiper, Robert G Josse
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: In line with current advice, we assessed the effect of replacing carbohydrate consumption with mixed nut consumption, as a source of unsaturated fat, on cardiovascular risk factors and HbA1c in type 2 diabetes. The data presented here are from a paper that was retracted at the authors' request ( https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-rt02 ) owing to lack of adjustment for repeated measures in the same individual. Our aim, therefore, was to fix the error and add new complementary data of interest, including information on clotting factors and LDL particle size...
May 23, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789260/respondent-driven-sampling-in-a-biomonitoring-study-of-refugees-from-burma-in-buffalo-new-york-who-eat-great-lakes-fish
#11
Ming Liu, Molly McCann, Elizabeth Lewis-Michl, Syni-An Hwang
BACKGROUND: Refugees from Burma who consume fish caught from local waterbodies have increased risk of exposure to environmental contaminants. We used respondent driven sampling (RDS) to sample this hard-to-reach population for the first Biomonitoring of Great Lakes Populations program. In the current study, we examined the interview data and assessed the effectiveness of RDS to sample the unique population. METHODS: In 2013, we used RDS to sample 205 Burmese refugees and immigrants residing in Buffalo, New York who consumed fish caught from Great Lakes waters...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789129/trends-in-linoleic-acid-intake-in-the-united-states-adult-population-nhanes-1999-2014
#12
Susan K Raatz, Zach Conrad, Lisa Jahns
Linoleic acid (LA), the primary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in the US diet, is an essential fatty acid. LA is available from a wide variety of foods, although it is primarily sourced from plant seed oils. Individual-level data on demography and food and nutrient intake were acquired from the NHANES waves 1999-2000, 2001-2002, 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012, and 2013-2014. Mean daily intake of (LA) was estimated for each survey wave overall, and by age, gender, educational attainment, race/ethnicity, and income-to-poverty ratio...
June 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789019/adolescents-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-in-refugee-and-migrant-communities-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-qualitative-study
#13
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788977/exposure-to-a-multi-level-multi-component-childhood-obesity-prevention-community-randomized-controlled-trial-patterns-determinants-and-implications
#14
Angela Cristina Bizzotto Trude, Anna Yevgenyevna Kharmats, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND: For community interventions to be effective in real-world conditions, participants need to have sufficient exposure to the intervention. It is unclear how the dose and intensity of the intervention differ among study participants in low-income areas. We aimed to understand patterns of exposure to different components of a multi-level multi-component obesity prevention program to inform our future impact analyses. METHODS: B'more Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK) was a community-randomized controlled trial implemented in 28 low-income zones in Baltimore in two rounds (waves)...
May 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788961/relationships-among-medication-adherence-lifestyle-modification-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Yu-Mi Lee, Rock Bum Kim, Hey Jean Lee, Keonyeop Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Hyeung-Keun Park, Soon-Ki Ahn, So Young Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Won Kyung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Mi-Ji Kim, Ki-Soo Park
BACKGROUND: The healthy adherer effect is a phenomenon in which patients who adhere to medical therapies tend to pursue health-seeking behaviors. Although the healthy adherer effect is supposed to affect health outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease, evaluation of its presence and extent is not easy. This study aimed to assess the relationship between medication adherence and lifestyle modifications and health-related quality of life among post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients...
May 22, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788032/tracking-changes-in-frailty-throughout-later-life-results-from-a-17-year-longitudinal-study-in-the-netherlands
#16
Emiel O Hoogendijk, Kenneth Rockwood, Olga Theou, Joshua J Armstrong, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Dorly J H Deeg, Martijn Huisman
Background: to better understand the development of frailty with ageing requires longitudinal studies over an extended time period. Objective: to investigate changes in the degree of frailty during later life, and the extent to which changes are determined by socio-demographic characteristics. Methods: six measurement waves of 1,659 Dutch older adults aged 65 years and over in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA) yielded 5,211 observations over 17 years...
May 19, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787775/health-information-exposure-from-information-and-communication-technologies-and-its-associations-with-health-behaviors-population-based-survey
#17
Chen Shen, Man Ping Wang, Alice Wan, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Sophia Siu Chee Chan, Tai Hing Lam
Health information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly used but little is known about routine exposure to health information from ICTs and its associations with health behaviors. A territory-wide population-based dual landline and mobile telephone survey was conducted in 2016 in Hong Kong, where smartphone ownership and Internet access are among the most prevalent, easiest and fastest in the world. Health information exposure from traditional sources (television/radio/newspaper/magazine), Internet websites, social media sites and instant messaging (IM); and information on smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity were recorded...
May 19, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786768/risk-prediction-score-for-hiv-infection-development-and-internal-validation-with-cross-sectional-data-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#18
Lu Yin, Yuejuan Zhao, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Liang Song, Xiangjun Zhang, Ruolei Xin, Zheya Sun, Yunan Xu, Li Zhang, Yifei Hu, Chun Hao, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao, Sten H Vermund, Han-Zhu Qian
Receptive anal intercourse, multiple partners, condomless sex, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and drug/alcohol addiction are familiar factors that correlate with increased human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). To improve estimation to HIV acquisition, we created a composite score using questions from routine survey of 3588 MSM in Beijing, China. The HIV prevalence was 13.4%. A risk scoring tool using penalized maximum likelihood multivariable logistic regression modeling was developed, deploying backward step-down variable selection to obtain a reduced-form model...
May 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786547/protective-effect-of-breastfeeding-on-recurrent-cough-in-adulthood
#19
Kimberly D Gerhart, Debra A Stern, Stefano Guerra, Wayne J Morgan, Fernando D Martinez, Anne L Wright
RATIONALE: Breastfeeding protects from respiratory infections in early life but its relationship to recurrent cough and other respiratory outcomes in adult life is not well established. METHODS: Infant feeding practices were assessed prospectively in the Tucson Children's Respiratory Study, a non-selected birth cohort and categorised into formula from birth or introduced <1 month, formula introduced ≥1 to <4 months and exclusive breastfeeding for ≥4 months...
May 21, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785710/insomnia-in-community-living-persons-with-advanced-age
#20
Brienne Miner, Thomas M Gill, H Klar Yaggi, Nancy S Redeker, Peter H Van Ness, Ling Han, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiology of insomnia, including demographic and clinical correlates, in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Yale Precipitating Events Project participants (N=379; mean age 84.3; 67.8% female; 11.9% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), with scores of 8 and higher indicating insomnia, which was further stratified according to ISI score as mild (8-14), moderate (15-21), or severe (22-28)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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