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Subramaniyan Balasubramaniyan, Vaidyanathan Raghunathan, B Rajashekhar, B W C Sathiyasekaran, Roopa Nagarajan
Background and Aim: A community-based rehabilitation programme, Sri Ramachandra University-Transforming Faces project, was initiated to provide comprehensive management of communication disorders in individuals with CLP in two districts in Tamil Nadu, India. This community-based programme aims to integrate hospital-based services with the community-based initiatives and to enable long-term care. The programme was initiated in Thiruvannamalai (2005) district and extended to Cuddalore (2011)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
B Subramaniyan, Roopa Nagarajan, R Vaidyanathan, B Rajashekhar, B W C Sathiyasekaran
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Comprehensive management for communication disorders in individuals with CLP was provided in a community based program in two rural districts in Tamilnadu, India. This program provides services at the community to empower the families about CLP and treatment options. OBJECTIVE: To document the caregiver perceptions' of communication status and needs in children with repaired CLP. METHOD: Six Focus Group Discussions were conducted in Thiruvannamalai and Cuddalore districts in Tamil Nadu, India...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jonathan P Wong, Vidya Cuddalore Arivudainambi, Isvarya Venu, Yousef Etoom, Rosemary G Moodie, Peter D Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Udayakumar Karthika Priyadharshini, Radhakrishnan Latha, Ukkirapandian Kavitha, Natarajan Nirmala
Introduction: Indiscriminate use and improper handling of synthetic pesticides in agriculture have resulted in serious problems such as asthma, wheeze and chronic bronchitis among the farmers. Though number of studies have been done on pesticide exposure and its effect on cardiorespiratory parameters in Northern India, only few studies were done in Southern India, thus this study was chosen. Aim: To find the cardiorespiratory changes in farm workers exposed to organophosphorus pesticides...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ronak Patel, Garrett Walker, Mihir Bhatt, Vishal Pathak
BACKGROUND: Small informal businesses make up the core markets for many poor urban communities, providing essential goods, services, and livelihoods. Many of these communities and businesses exist in hazardous locations. In most cases, these business owners do not have access to proper coping mechanisms including risk transfer and lack resilience to shocks. Access to risk-transfer in the form of insurance for these small businesses is extremely limited. This demand survey is the first phase of an intervention to test disaster microinsurance for these businesses...
March 1, 2017: PLoS Currents
Senthil Muthuraman, Anand Ramamurthy, Mahesh Gopashetty, Cuddalore Sadasivam Vijayshankar, Anand Khakhar
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is a chronic affliction characterized by numerous liver and kidney cysts. There is a gradual but progressive renal and liver impairment which may require combined liver-kidney transplantation. Compression of the retrohepatic Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) by an enlarged polycystic liver may impede clear visualization on pre-operative imaging and miss an underlying thrombosis or obliteration. This may result in an intra-operative surprise. Management can be challenging requiring modification of conventional surgical approach...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sivanandham Vignesh, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Krishnan Muthukumar, Gopalaswamy Vignesh, Rathinam Arthur James
We assessed the spatial and temporal variations of pollution indicators and geochemical and trace metal parameters (23 in total) from water and sediment (144 samples) of three different eco-niches (beach, fishing harbor, and estuary) in larger coastal cities of southern India (Cuddalore and Pondicherry) for one year. A total of 120 marine Pseudomonas isolates were challenged against different concentrations of copper solutions and 10 different antibiotics in heavy metal and antibiotic resistance approaches, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Annadurai Hemalatha, Syed Abdul Rahman Mohammed Esa, Murugan Suresh, Nooruddin Thajuddin, Perumal Anantharaman
The antibacterial potential of centric marine diatoms has been compared against the clinical pathogens and identified the potential diatom by rbcL gene sequencing. Totally, five diatoms namely Odontella aurita, Thalassiosira subtilis, Chaetoceros curvisetus, Skeletonema costatum and Coscinodiscus centralis were isolated from Cuddalore coastal waters. The diatoms were morphologically identified and isolated using micro capillary-pipette and serial dilution method. The isolated diatoms were cultured in Guillard's f/2 medium to get biomass for the antibacterial study...
September 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Srinivasan Radhakrishnan, Mohan Varadharajan
Soil is a complex and dynamic biological system. Agroforestry systems are considered to be an alternative land use option to help and prevent soil degradation, improve soil fertility, microbial diversity, and organic matter status. An increasing interest has emerged with respect to the importance of microbial diversity in soil habitats. The present study deals with the status of microbial diversity in agroforestry systems in Tamil Nadu. Eight soil samples were collected from different fields in agroforestry systems in Cuddalore, Villupuram, Tiruvanamalai, and Erode districts, Tamil Nadu...
June 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
D Ramesh, M Muniaraj, P Philip Samuel, V Thenmozhi, A Venkatesh, J Nagaraj, B K Tyagi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. The first major JE outbreak occurred in 1978 and since 1981 several outbreaks had been reported in the Cuddalore district (erstwhile South Arcot), Tamil Nadu, India. Entomological monitoring was carried out during January 2010 - March 2013, to determine the seasonal abundance and transmission dynamics of the vectors of JE virus, with emphasis on the role of Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Cx...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Aswin Amalavathy Viswanathan, Nilesh Chandrakant Gawde
CONTEXT: There is conflicting evidence of effect of diabetes on treatment of tuberculosis (TB). There is a need to investigate effect of diabetes on outcomes of TB treatment under field conditions in India. AIMS: To compare treatment outcomes among TB patients with diabetes with those without diabetes. SETTING AND DESIGN: Study was conducted in Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu, among patients registered with Revised National TB Control Programme. Prospective observational study design was used...
July 2014: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
G Nirmala, G Viruthagiri
Production of ceramic bricks from mixtures of ceramic industry wastes (up to 50 wt%) from the area of Vriddhachalam, Cuddalore district, Tamilnadu, India and kaolinitic clay from Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala were investigated. The firing behavior of the ceramic mixtures was studied by determining their changes in mineralogy and basic ceramic properties such as water absorption, porosity, compressive strength and firing shrinkage at temperatures ranging from 900 to 1200 °C in short firing cycles. The effect of the rejects addition gradually up to 50 wt% was analyzed with the variation of temperature on the mechanical properties and microstructure of the bricks...
January 25, 2015: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Anand Prabhu, Arun P Rao, Venugopal Reddy, Kaliyamoorthy Sugumaran, Govindharajan Mohan, Syed Ahamed
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of needlestick injury (NSI) and the awareness and attitudes of dental nurses in Cuddalore district, India, toward needle safety. Responses were gathered from 102 dental nurses via a questionnaire that included demographic data, the prevalence of NSIs in the past 6 months, their causes, responses of dental nurses to such injuries, and dental nurses' awareness of injection safety practices. Altogether, 33.3% (n = 34 of 102) of the respondents had sustained at least one NSI in the past 6 months...
June 2014: Workplace Health & Safety
Parasuraman Basker, Pichai Kannan, Karumana Gounder Kolandaswamy
OBJECTIVES: To know the prevalence of leptospirosis cases reported in private clinics among fever cases in Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, India to know its real magnitude of the problem and to diagnose Leptospirosis among fever cases from differential diagnosis. METHODS: 1502 Blood serum samples collected from three urban towns namely Kallakurichi (Latitude: 11° 73' N; Longitude: 78° 97' E), Villupuram (Latitude: 11° 75' N; Longitude: 79° 92' E) and Thindivanam (Latitude: 12° 25' N; Longitude: 79° 65' E) in fifteen clinics based on case definition of leptospirosis delineated by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), Government of India...
February 2014: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Cuddalore Subramanian Arulparithi, Thirunavukkarasu Arun Babu, C Ravichandran, Indumathy Santhanam, B Sathyamurthi, S Parivathini, J Hemachitra
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of nebulised budesonide with that of oral prednisone in the treatment of acute severe asthma in children. METHODS: Children aged 5-12 y with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma were included. The study (budesonide) group received budesonide respirator solution (800 μg) at intervals of 20 min and a single dose of placebo tablets. The control (prednisolone) group received placebo solution at intervals of 20 min and a single dose of oral prednisolone (2 mg/kg)...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
K Raja, R Vijayakumar, V Karthikeyan, A Saravanakumar, K Sindhuja, A Gopalakrishnan
The present study reported the first observation of isopod parasite, Nerocila phaiopleura infestation on Chirocentrus nudus an economically important fish from Cuddalore coast, Southeast coast of India. The maximum prevalence of 6.3 % and mean intensity of 3.2 were observed during pre-monsoon 2010 and monsoon 2010 respectively. The highest intensity 7 was observed in the single host during monsoon. The site of attachment leads to wound and offer the secondary infection. Two pathogenic bacteria Streptococcus aureus and E...
June 2014: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
R Vijayakumar, A Gopalakrishnan, K Raja, K Sinduja
We examined the occurrence of odontoma in the marine fish Sphyraena jello sourced from 3 different landing centers (Cuddalore, Parangipettai and Nagapattinam) in Tamil Nadu (southeast India). A total of 19783 fishes were examined for odontoma presence, of which 2393 were affected with odontoma. The overall prevalence was 12.1% among the 3 stations. Fish landed at Parangipettai showed the highest peak prevalence of odontoma (16.8%) during the pre-monsoon, followed by Nagapatinam (9.1%) during summer 2011. The tumour lengths in premaxilla, supermaxilla and dentary bone were 1...
February 4, 2014: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Sahebrao Sonkamble, Subash Chandra, Shakeel Ahmed, R Rangarajan
There is a growing concern of seawater intrusion to freshwater aquifers due to groundwater overexploitation in the eastern coastal belt of Southern India. The problem becomes complex in the regions where industrial effluents are also contaminating the freshwater aquifers. In order to understand the hydrochemical complexity of the system, topographic elevation, static water level measurements, major ion chemistry, ionic cross plots, water type contours and factor analysis were applied for 144 groundwater samples of shallow and deep sources from Quaternary and Tertiary coastal aquifers, located within the industrial zone of 25 km(2) area near Cuddalore, Southern India...
January 15, 2014: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Parasuraman Basker, Radhakrishnan Ezhil
CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that this study helps in conducting rapid survey to identify the presence of Aedes larvae with a minimum number of staff for both inspection and treatment of Aedes larvae during the epidemic situation. OBJECTIVES: To predict dwellings for the presence of Aedes larvae rapidly based on Premises Condition Index (PCI) factors, we studied the possible presence of Aedes species mosquitoes larvae among houses in the Chidambaram urban of Cuddalore District in Tamil Nadu, India based on the scores of variables in PCI, namely House, Yard and degree of shadow...
March 2012: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
S Nalini, R Parthasarathi
The aim of the study was to characterize and optimize the growth media for biosurfactant production from Serratia rubidaea SNAU02 isolated from hydrocarbon-contaminated soil from Cuddalore district, Tamilnadu, India. The biosurfactant produced by S. rubidaea SNAU02, was able to reduce the surface tension to 34.4 mN m(-1) in MSM medium. The biosurfactant was characterized by FT-IR and GC-MS analysis. The GC-MS analysis shows that dirhamnolipid was detected in abundance as predominant congener than monorhamnolipid...
November 2013: Bioresource Technology
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