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Intimal thickness

Mable Misha Singh, Ravindra Kumar, Satyendra Tewari, Sarita Agarwal
Regular transfusion leads to cardiac siderosis resulting in cardiac complications that account for more than 71% of the total mortality in thalassemia patients. We aimed to study the variants of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), matrix Gla protein (MGP), and estrogen receptor α(ERα), which might be contributing to atherosclerosis, leading to heart failure in thalassemia major. One hundred and five thalassemia patients on regular transfusion and iron chelation therapy were enrolled for the study. Carotid artery intimal medial thickness (CIMT) measurement was done to check for atherosclerosis...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
Guido Kranenburg, Frank L J Visseren, Gert Jan de Borst, Pim A de Jong, Wilko Spiering
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), a monogenetic calcification disease, are at high vascular risk. Although the precise arterial phenotype remains unestablished, it is hypothesized that PXE predominantly affects the medial arterial layer leading to arterial stiffening. We aimed to test this hypothesis by measuring arterial wall characteristics in PXE and comparisons with the general population and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2), a condition typically associated with mixed intimal and medial arterial disease...
February 9, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Li-Ping Wang, Zhi-Bo Jia, Yue Liu, Qiang Gao, Su-Jun Cheng, Di Jin, Lan Ma, Xin-Hua Yin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of wild-type P53 gene transfer on graft coronary artery disease (GCAD) after heart transplantation and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: A rat model of heterotopic heart transplantation was established using Wistar rats as donors and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats as recipients. The donor hearts were collected and perfused, via the coronary artery, with 800 μl of recombinant adenovirus carrying the P53 gene (Ad-P53)...
February 6, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Ze-Mou Yu, Xiao-Tao Deng, Ruo-Mei Qi, Lu-Yan Xiao, Chong-Qing Yang, Tao Gong
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress contributes to increased risks of atherosclerotic diseases including heart disease, stroke, and transient ischemic attack. However, its underline mechanisms are poorly understood. This study aimed to elucidate the mechanism via which chronic stress exerts its effect on atherosclerosis (AS). METHODS: Fifty male New Zealand white rabbits were used. Aortic balloon-injury model was applied. Both social stress and physical stress methods were adopted to establish chronic stress models...
January 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Ö Gülmez, B Saritas, I Isiklar
Intramural hematoma (IMH) of ascending aorta is a rare but potentially lethal form of acute aortic syndrome (AAS). It is characterized by a hematoma within the media layer of the aorta secondary to rupture of the vasa vasorum in the absence of an intimal tear. However, the theory of "micro-tear" which cannot be easily detected has been raised. It may stabilize, regress, or progress to rupture or dissection. Similar to Type A aortic dissection (AD), patients with IMH of ascending aorta, as well as patients with persistent pain, are treated urgent surgery...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Stephanie L Duncombe, Martin C K Hosking, Anita T Coté, Christine Voss, Kevin C Harris
Heart transplant recipients are at increased risk for atherosclerosis and cardiac allograft vasculopathy, both initially presenting as intimal thickening. We aimed to determine the presence, extent, and anatomical characteristics of intimal thickness at coronary bifurcations in children using OCT. We measured the intimal thickness of coronary arteries in pediatric transplant recipients using OCT during routine cardiac catheterization. Intimal thickening was defined as (i) a percent change in contralateral intimal thickness greater than 50% when comparing the thickness at the bifurcation to the baseline thickness, and (ii) greater than 0...
December 19, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
Anne Günther, Lars Aaberge, Andreas Abildgaard, Asgrimur Ragnarsson, Thor Edvardsen, Jarl Jakobsen, Rune Andersen
Background Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is an accelerated form of atherosclerosis unique to heart transplant (HTX) patients. Purpose To investigate the detection of significant coronary artery stenosis and CAV, determinants of image quality, and the radiation dose in coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) of HTX patients with 64-slice multidetector CT (64-MDCT). Material and Methods Fifty-two HTX recipients scheduled for invasive coronary angiography (ICA) were prospectively enrolled and underwent CCTA before ICA with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
Nicole M Armstrong, Michelle C Carlson, Jennifer Schrack, Qian-Li Xue, Mercedes R Carnethon, Caterina Rosano, Paulo H M Chaves, Alden L Gross
OBJECTIVE: To study whether depression contributes to the association between subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) and dementia, and identify the contribution's magnitude. METHODS: Among participants from the Cardiovascular Health Study Cognition Study who did not have baseline CVD-related events (N = 2,450), causal mediation methodology was implemented to examine whether late-life depressive symptoms, defined as 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (mCES-D) Scale scores ≥8 from 2 to 3 years after baseline, partially mediated the association of baseline subclinical CVD (CAC, carotid intimal medial thickness, stenosis, and ankle brachial index) with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)/dementia onset occurring between 5 and 10 years from baseline...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Ahmed U Fayyaz, William D Edwards, Joseph J Maleszewski, Ewa A Konik, Hilary M DuBrock, Barry A Borlaug, Robert P Frantz, Sarah M Jenkins, Margaret M Redfield
Background -We hypothesized that pulmonary venous hypertension in heart failure (HF) leads to predominate remodeling of pulmonary veins and that the severity of venous remodeling is associated with the severity of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in HF. Methods -Patients with HF (n=108; 53 preserved and 55 reduced ejection fraction) with PH (HF-PH; pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) ≥ 40 mmHg) were compared to normal Controls (n=12) and patients with primary pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD; n=17)...
December 15, 2017: Circulation
Juan C Duque, Marwan Tabbara, Laisel Martinez, Angela Paez, Guillermo Selman, Loay H Salman, Omaida C Velazquez, Roberto I Vazquez-Padron
BACKGROUND: Intimal hyperplasia has been historically associated with improper venous remodeling and stenosis after creation of an arteriovenous fistula. Recently, however, we showed that intimal hyperplasia by itself does not explain the failure of maturation of 2-stage arteriovenous fistulas. We seek to evaluate whether intimal hyperplasia plays a role in the development of focal stenosis of an arteriovenous fistula. METHODS: This study compares intimal hyperplasia lesions in stenotic and nearby nonstenotic segments collected from the same arteriovenous fistula...
December 11, 2017: Surgery
XiaoXiao Zhao, Liujin Bo, Hongwei Zhao, Lihong Li, Yingyan Zhou, Hongyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is a significant early prediction signal for preclinical atherosclerosis. Plasma homocysteine (Hcy) level is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Pulse wave velocity (PWV), an index of arterial stiffness (AS), has showed its value in the evaluation of AS in vascular-related diseases. The data regarding the relationships between cIMT and other indices of vascular damage are limited and partly controversial. We aim to investigate the relationships between cIMT and other indices of vascular damage such as Hcy and carotid femoral PWV (CF-PWV)...
December 11, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Emin Istif, Antonia Kagkoura, Javier Hernández-Ferrer, Anastasios Stergiou, Theodosis Skaltsas, Raul Arenal, Ana M Benito, Wolfgang K Maser, Nikos Tagmatarchis
The self-assembly of novel core-shell nanoensembles consisting of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) nanoparticles (P3HTNPs) of 100 nm as core and semiconducting CdTe quantum dots (CdTeQDs) as shell with a thickness of a few tens of nanometers was accomplished by employing a re-precipitation approach. The structure, morphology and composition of P3HTNPs/CdTeQDs nanoensembles were confirmed by high-resolution scanning transmission microscopy and dynamic light scattering studies. Intimate interface contact between the CdTeQDs shell and the P3HTNPs core leads to the stabilization of the P3HTNPs/CdTeQDs nanoensemble as probed by steady-state absorption spectroscopy...
December 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Vincent Floré, Adam J Brown, Stephen J Pettit, Nick E J West, Clive Lewis, Jayan Parameshwar, Stephen P Hoole
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) can be detected early with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), but there is limited information on the most efficient imaging protocol. METHODS: Coronary angiography and IVUS of the three coronary arteries were performed. Volumetric IVUS analysis was performed, and a Stanford grade determined for each vessel. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were included 18 (range 12-24) months after transplantation...
February 2018: Clinical Transplantation
Daniel A Duprez, Natalia Florea, Sue Duval, Catherine Koukol, Jay N Cohn
Pharmacotherapy to protect the arteries may be appropriate for individuals with high-normal blood pressure who are at risk for future cardiovascular disease (CVD). Nebivolol (NEB) in contrast to atenolol (ATE) may have a beneficial effect on endothelial function and may be more effective than ATE in preventing CVD. Sixty subjects with preHTN or borderline BP and abnormal small artery elasticity (SAE) underwent evaluation with 10 tests, including large and small artery elasticity, resting and treadmill exercise BP, carotid intimal-media thickness, retinal vascular photography, micro-albuminuria, electrocardiography, echocardiography, and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide level...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
Mona Hussein El-Samahy, A A Adly, Yasmine Ibrahim Elhenawy, E A Ismail, Shaimaa Abdelmalik Pessar, Mohamed El-Sayed Mowafy, Mohammed Salah Saad, Hossam Hassan Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Urinary microRNAs (miRNAs) play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). AIM: To identify the expression of urinary miR-377 and miR-216a in 50 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) compared with 50 healthy controls and assess their relation to the degree of albuminuria, glycemic control and carotid intimal thickness (CIMT) as an index of atherosclerosis. METHODS: Diabetic subjects were divided into normoalbuminuric and microalbuminuric groups according to urinary albumin creatinine ration (UACR)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Deng-Feng Fang, Hong-Wei Zhang, Jun Gu, Kang-Jun Fan, Huai-Min Liang, Jia-Yu Shen, Er-Yong Zhang, Jia Hu
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the vessel wall characteristics and the expression levels of bone morphogenic protein4(BMP4) and proliferating cell antigen Ki67 in vein grafts harvested from diabetic rats,and to investigate the role of BMP4 in progression of vein graft hyperplastic remodeling under hyperglycemic condition. METHODS: 48 male SpragueDawky rats [body mass (194±16) g] aged 8 weeks were randomly divided into diabetes mellitus (DM) group ( n=24) and nondiabetes mellitus (NDM) group ( n=24)...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Xi Yang, Wei Guo, Xixi Wang, Mingdun Liao, Pingqi Gao, Jichun Ye
2D metallic arrays with binary nanostructures derived from a nanosphere lithography (NSL) method have been rarely reported. Here, we demonstrate a novel NSL strategy to fabricate highly ordered 2D gold arrays with disc-in-hole binary (DIHB) nanostructures in large scale by employing a sacrificing layer combined with a three-step lift-off process. The structural parameters of the resultant DIHB arrays, such as periodicity, hole diameter, disc diameter and thicknesses can be facilely controlled by tuning the nanospheres size, etching condition, deposition angle and duration, respectively...
November 24, 2017: Nanotechnology
Gökmen Akkaya, Çağatay Bilen, Tuğra Gençpınar, Pınar Akokay, Baran Uğurlu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effect of new generation oral, direct factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban on intimal hyperplasia and smooth muscle cell proliferation at the carotid artery anastomosis site of rabbits. METHODS: In total, 14 New Zealand male rabbits weighing 3-3.5 kg were randomized into two groups. Group A (7 rabbits) served as the control group and received no medication. Rivaroxaban was perorally administered to group B (7 rabbits) mg/kg/day for 28 days...
October 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
X Wang, R Bleher, L Wang, J G N Garcia, S M Dudek, G S Shekhawat, V P Dravid
The endothelium serves as a size-selective barrier and tightly controls the fluid exchange from the circulation to the surrounding tissues. In this study, a multiplexed microscopy characterization is developed to study the spatio-temporal effects of Abl kinases on endothelial cytoskeletal structure using AFM, SEM, and immunofluorescence. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) produces significant endothelial barrier enhancement by means of peripheral actin rearrangement. However, Abl kinase inhibition by imatinib reduces rapid redistribution of the important cytoskeletal proteins to the periphery and their association with the cortical actin ring...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
Himanshu Khutan, Simmi Aggarwal, K S Kajal, Ravinder Garg, Rupinderjeet Kaur, Amanpreet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension and atherosclerosis though separate entities, are interrelated as hypertension plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was undertaken to study the association of carotid intimal medial thickness with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hundred hypertensives (JNC-7, Stage 1 and 2) between 30 and 55 years were enrolled in this prospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care teaching institute of Punjab, India...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
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