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Streptococcus agalactiae

Yuly López, Elena Parra, Virginio Cepas, Isabel Sanfeliú, Teresa Juncosa, Antonia Andreu, Mariona Xercavins, Josefa Pérez, Sergi Sanz, Andrea Vergara, Jordi Bosch, Sara Maria Soto
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus agalactiae, or group B streptococci (GBS), is the main aetiological agent of early neonatal sepsis in developed countries. This microorganism belongs to the gastrointestinal tract microbiota wherefrom it can colonize the vagina and be vertically transmitted to the child either before or at birth, and subsequently cause infection in the newborn. Approximately, 50% of newborns born to women with GBS become colonized, with 1-2% developing early neonatal infection if no preventive intervention is performed...
October 10, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Balaji Veeraraghavan, Naveen Kumar Devanga Ragupathi, Sridhar Santhanam, Valsan Philip Verghese, Francis Yesurajan Inbanathan, Charles Livingston
Group B streptococcus is known as a leading cause of neonatal infections in developing countries. The present study describes the whole genome shotgun sequences of four Group B Streptococcus (GBS) isolates. Molecular data on clonality is lacking for GBS in India. The present genome report will add important information on the scarce genome data of GBS and will help in deriving comparative genome studies of GBS isolates at global level. This Whole Genome Shotgun project has been deposited at DDBJ/ENA/GenBank under the accession numbers NHPL00000000 - NHPO00000000...
December 2017: Genomics Data
Jeffrey S Rush, Rebecca J Edgar, Pan Deng, Jing Chen, Haining Zhu, Nina M van Sorge, Andrew J Morris, Konstantin V Korotkov, Natalia Korotkova
In many Lactobacillales species (i.e. lactic acid bacteria), peptidoglycan is decorated by polyrhamnose polysaccharides that are critical for cell envelope integrity and cell shape and also represent key antigenic determinants. Despite the biological importance of these polysaccharides, their biosynthetic pathways have received limited attention. The important human pathogen, Streptococcus pyogenes, synthesizes a key antigenic surface polymer-the Lancefield group A carbohydrate (GAC). GAC is covalently attached to peptidoglycan and consists of a polyrhamnose polymer, with N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) side chains, which is an essential virulence determinant...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Qin-Yun Ma, Da-Yu Huang, Hui-Jun Zhang, Shaohua Wang, Xiao-Feng Chen
The microbial community in the mucosal surfaces is involved in the development of human cancers, including gastric cancer and colorectal cancer. The respiratory tract in the lung also hosts a distinctive microbial community, but the correlation between this community and lung cancer is largely unknown. Here, we examined the Th1 and Th17 responses toward several bacterial antigens, in CD4(+) T cells sourced from the peripheral blood (PB), the lung cancer (LC) tissue, and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients...
October 2, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
Mercedes Gonzalez Moreno, Andrej Trampuz, Mariagrazia Di Luca
Objectives: To determine the antimicrobial activity against streptococcal biofilm in species mostly isolated from implant-associated infections and examine the effect of enzyme treatment of biofilm on the antimicrobial activity of different antibiotics. Methods: The activities of fosfomycin, rifampicin, benzylpenicillin, daptomycin, gentamicin, levofloxacin, proteinase K and their combinations on planktonic and/or biofilm-embedded standard laboratory strains of Streptococcus agalactiae , Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus oralis were investigated in vitro by standard methods and isothermal microcalorimetry...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
A Puertas-Prieto, A Lara-Oya, C Liébana Martos, J Rodríguez-Granger, F Cobo, A Sampedro, A Padilla, J Gutiérrez-Fernández, S Manzanares-Galán, M Cueto-López, M Rosa-Fraile, J M Navarro-Mari
Streptococcus agalactiae, group B Streptococcus (SGB), is the most important cause of morbi-mortality among newborn population, and an important pathogen among immunossupressed adult patients. Despite the advances in the treatment and prevention of neonatal infections as a consequence of implementation of national and international recommendations for prevention of infection, there are still some improvements for the final control of the disease. In this sense, the vaccination against SGB could be an effective measure for the prevention of disease in those cases where intrapartum prophylaxis is not useful and in adult patients with risk factors for invasive infection due to SGB...
September 25, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
Tetsufumi Koga, Wataru Aoki, Miki Fujii, Kiyoshi Satou, Yoshinori Ikeda
During 2006 through 2012, spontaneous group B Streptococcus infections were reported in 22 female KK-Ay mice, an animal model of type 2 diabetes. The affected mice were 5 to 27 wk old, and the cases involved various body sites, including cases of submandibular, caudal, and lumbar abscesses (n =18) or led to torticollis (n = 2), hydrocephalus (n = 1), or moribund clinical signs (n = 1). At necropsy, the mouse with hydrocephalus also demonstrated retained exudate in the uterus, and the moribund mouse showed renal inflammation...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
Geoffrey H Rosen, Tara M Randis, Purnahamsi V Desai, Katherine J Sapra, Bing Ma, Pawel Gajer, Michael S Humphrys, Jacques Ravel, Shari E Gelber, Adam J Ratner
Background: Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus [GBS]) is an important neonatal pathogen and emerging cause of disease in adults. The major risk factor for neonatal disease is maternal vaginal colonization. However, little is known about the relationship between GBS and vaginal microbiota. Methods: Vaginal lavage samples from nonpregnant women were tested for GBS, and amplicon-based sequencing targeting the 16S ribosomal RNA V3-V4 region was performed...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Ali A Rabaan, Justin V Saunar, Ali M Bazzi, Joan L Soriano
The CDC recommends antenatal screening of vaginal/rectal samples for Streptococcus agalactiae at 35-37 weeks' gestation, with intra-partum antibiotic prophylaxis for positive cases. We tested a modified use of the Cepheid Xpert GBS real-time PCR kit on enrichment cultures from 554 vaginal/rectal swabs compared to the current subculturing gold standard method. Swabs were inoculated on polymyxin nalidixic acid agar plates, and Todd-Hewitt enrichment broth cultures were examined daily for growth. Todd-Hewitt broth culture was also used for Xpert GBS...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
J Reyes, M Chaffer, Juan Carlos Rodriguez-Lecompte, Javier Sánchez, Ruth N Zadoks, Natasha Robinson, Ximena Cardona, N Ramírez, G P Keefe
Group B Streptococcus or Streptococcus agalactiae continue to be challenging for milk quality programs in countries with emerging dairy industries, such as Colombia, where high prevalence has been reported. Molecular typing of isolates is needed to understand the variability and epidemiology of this pathogen and to develop effective control and eradication programs. We characterized the molecular profile of Strep. agalactiae isolated from cows with subclinical mastitis in 21 Colombian dairy herds and measured diversity within and between herds using multilocus sequence typing...
November 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Claire Gendrin, Nicholas J Shubin, Erica Boldenow, Sean Merillat, Morgan Clauson, Danny Power, Kelly S Doran, Magnus Abrink, Gunnar Pejler, Lakshmi Rajagopal, Adrian M Piliponsky
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) or Streptococcus agalactiae are ß-hemolytic, Gram-positive bacteria that colonize the lower genital tract of women and are frequently associated with infections during pregnancy. Innate immune defenses are critical for controlling GBS dissemination and systemic infection. Mast cells are resident sentinel cells that come into contact with pathogens early during colonization and infection. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the contribution of chymase to systemic GBS infection and rates of preterm birth...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Jens Reiners, Marcel Lagedroste, Katja Ehlen, Selina Leusch, Julia Zaschke-Kriesche, Sander H J Smits
Lantibiotics are (methyl)-lanthionine-containing antimicrobial peptides produced by several Gram-positive bacteria. Some human pathogenic bacteria express specific resistance proteins that counteract this antimicrobial activity of lantibiotics. In Streptococcus agalactiae COH1 resistance against the well-known lantibiotic nisin is conferred by, the nisin resistance protein (NSR), a two-component system (NsrRK) and a BceAB-type ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter (NsrFP). The present study focuses on elucidating the function of NsrFP via its heterologous expression in Lactococcus lactis...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
A Glusko-Charlet, C Fontaine, M Raucy, L Barcat, A Lahana, R Erbani, G Poirie, G Kongolo, M Diouf, A Leke, J Gondry, P Tourneux
BACKGROUND: Neonatal early onset sepsis (EOS) remains an important etiology of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis is difficult due to a lack of sensitivity and specificity markers. In France, the management of newborn infants suspected of infection includes the analysis of gastric suction. The objective of the study was to identify early clinical signs in newborn infants with suspected neonatal sepsis to differentiate a likely infection with pathogen bacteria in the gastric suction culture (Streptococcus agalactiae or Escherichia coli) from a possible infection without such pathogen bacteria...
September 8, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Peter Sobolewski, Agata Goszczyńska, Małgorzata Aleksandrzak, Karolina Urbaś, Joanna Derkowska, Agnieszka Bartoszewska, Jacek Podolski, Ewa Mijowska, Mirosława El Fray
We present an ink platform for a printable polymer-graphene nanocomposite that is intended for the development of modular biosensors. The ink consists of catechol-modified chitosan and reduced graphene oxide decorated with platinum nanoparticles (rGO-Pt). We modified the chitosan with catechol groups, in order to obtain adhesive properties and improve solubility. Dispersions of rGO-Pt in ethylene glycol were admixed with an aqueous solution of modified chitosan to yield an ink that is suitable for non-contact piezoelectric printing using a commercial microplotter (Sonoplot GIX Microplotter Desktop)...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Xiaofang Zhong, Meng Chen, Mingmei Ding, Meiqi Zhong, Bingxi Li, Yuhong Wang, Shengli Fu, Xiaoxue Yin, Zheng Guo, Jianmin Ye
The complement components C1r and C1s play a vital role in immunity with the activation of C1 complex in the classical complement pathway against pathogen infection. In this study, Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) C1r and C1s orthologs (OnC1r and OnC1s) were identified and characterized. The cDNA of OnC1r and OnC1s ORFs consisted of 1902 bp and 2100 bp of nucleotide sequence encoding polypeptides of 633 and 699 amino acids, respectively. The deduced OnC1r and OnC1s proteins both possessed CUB, EGF, CCP and SP domains, which were significantly homology to teleost...
September 5, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Chuian-Fu Ken, Chieh-Ning Chen, Chen-Hung Ting, Chieh-Yu Pan, Jyh-Yih Chen
Streptococcus agalactiae infection is one of the most significant bacterial diseases in tilapia aquaculture. Identification of immune-related genes associated with Streptococcus agalactiae infection may provide a basis for breeding selection or therapeutics to augment disease resistance. Therefore, we utilized transcriptome profiling to study the host response in tilapia following Streptococcus agalactiae infection. Based on GO and KEGG enrichment analyses, we found that differentially expressed genes are widely involved in immune-related pathways, including the induction of antimicrobial peptides...
September 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ri-E Bu, Jin-Liang Wang, Jin-Hua Wu, Gao-Wa Xilin, Jin-Long Chen, Hua Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish a rapid and accurate method for the detection of the Streptococcus agalactiae antibody (SA-Ab) to determine the presence of the bovine mastitis (BM)-causative pathogen. METHODS: The multi-subunit fusion protein rSip-Pgk-FbsA was prokaryotically expressed and purified. The triple activities of the membrane surface-associated proteins Sip, phosphoglycerate kinase (Pgk), and fibronectin (FbsA) were used as the diagnostic antigens to establish an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method for the detection of SA-Ab in BM...
March 1, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
César T Facimoto, Roberta T Chideroli, Daniela D Gonçalves, Anderson O do Carmo, Evanguedes Kalaphotakis, Ulisses de Pádua Pereira
Streptococcus agalactiae is an important pathogen to world aquaculture due to its high mortality rates in fish farms and consequent economic losses. Our study presents the complete genome sequence of strain S13, isolated from a tilapia farm outbreak in southern Brazil.
August 31, 2017: Genome Announcements
Alex Farr, Frank A Chervenak, Laurence B McCullough, Rebecca N Baergen, Amos Grünebaum
Placentophagy or placentophagia, the postpartum ingestion of the placenta, is widespread among mammals; however, no contemporary human culture incorporates eating placenta postpartum as part of its traditions. At present, there is an increasing interest in placentophagy among postpartum women, especially in the United States. The placenta can be eaten raw, cooked, roasted, dehydrated, or encapsulated or through smoothies and tinctures. The most frequently used preparation appears to be placenta encapsulation after steaming and dehydration...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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