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Group B Strep

T Didbaridze, L Saginashvili, L Akhmeteli, B Iremashvili, N Gogokhia
This study provides a contemporary epidemiology of aspirates taken during surgery from the abdominal cavity among patients with bacterial peritonitis to identify the isolates and study their sensitivity to antibiotics. Our bacteriology investigations included isolation of poor cultures, and detection of microbes was conducted using a rapid identification system (API20E, API Staph, API Strep, API Ana, BioMerieux). Rapid tests for detection of oxidase and catalase activity were also used. Susceptibility of microorganisms to antibiotics was defined by the disc-diffusion method using standard discs (EUCAST guidelines 2015) according to Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) protocols (ATB strips: ATB G, ATB Staph, ATBANA, ATBPse, ATBStrep...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
B D Enger, R R White, S C Nickerson, L K Fox
Two meta-analyses were conducted using data from peer-reviewed natural exposure (NE) and experimental challenge (EC) teat dip efficacy trials to identify factors influencing the new intramammary infection (IMI) rate. A NE data set containing 16 studies and an EC data set containing 21 studies were created. New IMI rate was calculated based on the percentage of new quarter infections per month (PNQI/mo) for each observation, in both data sets, and used as the dependent variable for model derivation. A linear, mixed-effects model with a random study effect, weighted by number of quarters eligible for infection, was derived for each data set...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Mona Wassef, Doaa Ghaith, Rana M A Abdella, Mohamed Kamel
BACKGROUND: Prenatal screening for group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization can reduce the incidence of neonatal GBS infections. We aimed to improve the screening-based approach of GBS in a limited resources antenatal care clinic by using Strep B Granada™ Biphasic Broth. METHODS: This study included 80 pregnant women between 35 and 37 weeks of gestation, who attended the antenatal care clinic of Kasr El-Aini University Hospital from November 2013 to January 2014...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Edson Yukio Komiyama, Laura Soares Souto Lepesqueur, Cinthia Gomes Yassuda, Lakshman P Samaranayake, Nipuna B Parahitiyawa, Ivan Balducci, Cristiane Yumi Koga-Ito
Enterococci are considered as transient constituent components of the oral microbiome that may cause a variety of oral and systemic infections. As there is sparse data on the oral enterococcal prevalence, we evaluated the Enterococcus spp. and their virulence attributes including antimicrobial resistance in a healthy Brazilian cohort. A total of 240 individuals in different age groups were studied (children 4-11 yrs, adolescents 12-17 yrs, young adults 18-29 yrs, adults 30-59 yrs, elderly over 60 yrs). Oral rinses were collected and isolates were identified by API 20 Strep and confirmed by 16S rDNA sequencing...
2016: PloS One
Shelley Cobbett, Erna Snelgrove-Clarke
BACKGROUND: Clinical simulations can provide students with realistic clinical learning environments to increase their knowledge, self-confidence, and decrease their anxiety prior to entering clinical practice settings. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two maternal newborn clinical simulation scenarios; virtual clinical simulation and face-to-face high fidelity manikin simulation. DESIGN: Randomized pretest-posttest design. SETTING: A public research university in Canada...
October 2016: Nurse Education Today
Regina Wald, Martina Baumgartner, Verena Urbantke, Thomas Wittek, Beatrix Stessl
This case report describes the isolation and differentiation of Weissella (W.) spp. from the milk of two cows (A and B) with clinical mastitis (milk changes, asymmetry of the udder and increased somatic cell counts). Quarter milk samples obtained from two dairy cows of different farms had been submitted to the diagnostic laboratory of the Clinic for Ruminants in Vienna for bacteriological examination. Alpha-hemolytic catalase-negative gram-positive cocci in pure culture on Columbia blood agar were isolated and could not be assigned to a Lancefield group...
June 8, 2016: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Bojana Bogovič Matijašić, Tanja Obermajer, Luka Lipoglavšek, Tjaša Sernel, Igor Locatelli, Mitja Kos, Alenka Šmid, Irena Rogelj
We conducted a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled multicentric study to investigate the influence of a synbiotic fermented milk on the fecal microbiota composition of 30 adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The synbiotic product contained Lactobacillus acidophilus La-5, Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis BB-12, Streptococcus thermophilus, and dietary fiber (90% inulin, 10% oligofructose), and a heat-treated fermented milk without probiotic bacteria or dietary fiber served as placebo. Stool samples were collected after a run-in period, a 4-wk consumption period, and a 1-wk follow-up period, and were subjected to real-time PCR and 16S rDNA profiling by next-generation sequencing...
July 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Kyrsten Johnson, Stephen Messier
Early onset sepsis (EOS) is a worrisome, life-threatening condition in newborns with onset during the first week of life. Evaluation can be challenging due to the dynamic nature of the condition as the infant transitions to life ex-utero. Symptoms/signs can be nonspecific, thus, a high index of suspicion is warranted for subtle changes in condition including poor feeding, respiratory distress, or decreased activity. Common risk factors include chorioamnionitis, maternal fever, group B strep (GBS) colonization and preterm delivery...
January 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
P L Shewmaker, A M Whitney, B W Humrighouse
Phenotypic, genotypic, and antimicrobial characteristics of six phenotypically distinct human clinical isolates that most closely resembled the type strain of Streptococcus halichoeri isolated from a seal are presented. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA, rpoB, sodA, and recN genes; comparative whole-genome analysis; conventional biochemical and Rapid ID 32 Strep identification methods; and antimicrobial susceptibility testing were performed on the human isolates, the type strain of S. halichoeri, and type strains of closely related species...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Hyuk Yoon, Young Soo Park, Dong Ho Lee, Jae-Gu Seo, Cheol Min Shin, Nayoung Kim
We assessed the effect of multi-species probiotic mixture on the changes in fecal microbiota and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. Eighty-one IBS patients were randomly assigned to receive either probiotic mixture (n = 39; containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium breve, B. actis, B. longum, and Streptococcus thermophilus) or placebo (n = 42) for 4 weeks. A questionnaire regarding general symptom relief was administered. The change in total symptom scores (sum of 10 IBS symptoms) and subtotal scores in 4 domains (pain, constipation, diarrhea, and bloating/gas) were evaluated...
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Jennifer Ka Yee Ko, Sofie Shuk Fei Yung, Mimi Tin Yan Seto, Chin Peng Lee
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In an effort to reduce the impact of this serious affliction, universal screening for GBS has been adopted in many countries. The objective of this study was to examine the acceptability of self-collected GBS swabs in a local population in Hong Kong. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional questionnaire survey conducted in a tertiary teaching hospital. A total of 327 pregnant women who attended the antenatal clinic for GBS screening from April 2012 to May 2012 were included in our study...
February 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Tadeusz Morawiec, Anna Mertas, Robert D Wojtyczka, Iwona Niedzielska, Arkadiusz Dziedzic, Anna Bubiłek-Bogacz, Jakub Sender, Jacek Wróbel, Marta Tanasiewicz, Piotr Wesołowski, Wojciech Król
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of a topically administered hygienic preparation containing a 3% ethanolic extract of Brazilian green propolis (EEP-B) on oral microflora spectrum changes in a group of patients who underwent common oral surgery procedures. Two gel samples were compared: the tested gel containing an active ingredient, that is, a 3% EEP-B (gel GA), and a placebo as the negative control (gel GC). The collection of microbiological material included 14 patients requiring surgical extraction of wisdom molars and short endosseous implant installation...
2015: BioMed Research International
Taryn B T Athey, Jean-Philippe Auger, Sarah Teatero, Audrey Dumesnil, Daisuke Takamatsu, Jessica Wasserscheid, Ken Dewar, Marcelo Gottschalk, Nahuel Fittipaldi
Streptococcus suis is a major swine pathogen and a zoonotic agent. Serotype 2 strains are the most frequently associated with disease. However, not all serotype 2 lineages are considered virulent. Indeed, sequence type (ST) 28 serotype 2 S. suis strains have been described as a homogeneous group of low virulence. However, ST28 strains are often isolated from diseased swine in some countries, and at least four human ST28 cases have been reported. Here, we used whole-genome sequencing and animal infection models to test the hypothesis that the ST28 lineage comprises strains of different genetic backgrounds and different virulence...
2015: PloS One
Kenneth T Bono, Julie Balch Samora, Kevin E Klingele
Septic arthritis in infants is rare and can be difficult to diagnose. This study reviewed a series of patients younger than 3 months to identify factors that may assist in early diagnosis and treatment. A query of records at a large Midwestern pediatric hospital (1994-2010) was performed to identify all patients younger than 3 months at the time of diagnosis. Analysis included birth history, joint involvement, physical examination findings, laboratory results, imaging results, method of treatment, and outcome...
September 2015: Orthopedics
Rie Aoyama, Ayumi Kobayashi, Yusuke Tubokou, Kazuhiro Takeda, Hajime Fujimoto, Kazumasa Harada, Shunei Kyo
Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B streptococcus, GBS) is the major pathogen encountered in the perinatal period, although the incidence of GBS infection has recently increased among non-pregnant adults. Nevertheless, GBS infective endocarditis (IE) is uncommon and often accompanies aortic embolism. We experienced two cases of GBS IE. In Case 1, mobile vegetation of the aortic valve caused an infective cerebral aneurysm. In Case 2, the patient experienced an acute aortic embolic episode. Generally, early surgery for large mobile sites of vegetation is recommended as a class IIb therapy in the guidelines...
2015: Internal Medicine
Chunmao Zhang, You Yu, Maojun Yang, Yongqiang Jiang
Fhb is a surface virulence protein from Streptococcus suis, which could aid bacterial evasion of host innate immune defense by recruiting complement regulator factor H to inactivate C3b deposited on bacterial surface in blood. Here we successfully expressed and purified the N terminal domain of Fhb (N-Fhb) and obtained crystals of the N-Fhb by sitting-drop vapor diffusion method with a resolution of 1.50 Å. The crystals belong to space group C2 with unit cell parameters a = 127.1 Å, b = 77.3 Å, c = 131...
October 23, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Erica Heilman, Elizabeth Sushereba
Amniotic membrane sweeping or stripping is a safe and effective method of labor induction supported by national obstetrical organizations. While its use dates back to antiquity by both midwives and physicians there are still areas that need further research to define its role in induction of labor. A review of the literature reveals that amniotic membrane sweeping is a safe, effective, and inexpensive method of labor induction. It can be done in the outpatient setting with minimal risks so long as it is avoided in patients with contraindications...
October 2015: Seminars in Perinatology
Ziyaad Dangor, Gaurav Kwatra, Alane Izu, Peter Adrian, Clare L Cutland, Sithembiso Velaphi, Daynia Ballot, Gary Reubenson, Elizabeth R Zell, Sanjay G Lala, Shabir A Madhi
OBJECTIVES: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) surface-proteins have been shown to be immunogenic and potential vaccine candidates. We aim to determine the association between maternal IgG antibodies to select GBS surface-proteins and invasive GBS disease in their infants. METHODS: Using a matched case-control study, maternal antibody levels for GBS-immunogenic bacterial adhesin, fibrinogen-binding protein A and pilus-island (PI) PI-1, PI-2a, PI-2b were compared between infants with invasive GBS disease and well-baby controls...
2015: Expert Review of Vaccines
R Boyd, M Patel, B J Currie, D C Holt, T Harris, V Krause
Although the incidence of invasive group A streptococcal disease in northern Australia is very high, little is known of the regional epidemiology and molecular characteristics. We conducted a case series of Northern Territory residents reported between 2011 and 2013 with Streptococcus pyogenes isolates from a normally sterile site. Of the 128 reported episodes, the incidence was disproportionately high in the Indigenous population at 69·7/100 000 compared to 8·8/100 000 in the non-Indigenous population. Novel to the Northern Territory is the extremely high incidence in haemodialysis patients of 2205·9/100 000 population; and for whom targeted infection control measures could prevent transmission...
April 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
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