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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909031/a-topical-gel-from-flax-seed-oil-compared-with-hand-splint-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Mohammad Setayesh, Amir Reza Sadeghifar, Nozar Nakhaee, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Hossein Rezaeizadeh
This study compared the therapeutic effect of flax seed oil topical gel and hand splint in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. This study was a randomized clinical trial. Forty-nine patients, 96 hands, with mild to moderate idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome were divided into 2 groups randomly. One group was treated by topical gel and the other group by hand splint. Intensity of symptoms and function before and after intervention was measured via Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. After intervention, the ANCOVA showed a significant difference between the symptom and function scores of the 2 groups...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894899/dietary-flax-seed-oil-and-or-vitamin-e-improve-sperm-parameters-of-cloned-goats-following-freezing-thawing
#2
Rohollah Kargar, Mohsen Forouzanfar, Gholamreza Ghalamkari, Mohammad Hossein Nasr Esfahani
Semen cryopreservation is affected by individual differences and use of clones animal from the same source is the main tool to eliminate genetic variation. Among many nutrients that are necessary for fertility, essential fatty acids and antioxidants are vital for production of healthy sperm by improving sperm membrane integrity and protecting sperm from oxidative stress. The goal of the current study was to investigate whether a flax seed oil or/and Vitamin E dietary supplementation could improve semen quality of cloned bucks following semen cryopreservation...
November 25, 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826669/behavioral-and-molecular-genetics-of-reading-related-am-and-fm-detection-thresholds
#3
Matthew Bruni, Judy F Flax, Steven Buyske, Amber D Shindhelm, Caroline Witton, Linda M Brzustowicz, Christopher W Bartlett
Auditory detection thresholds for certain frequencies of both amplitude modulated (AM) and frequency modulated (FM) dynamic auditory stimuli are associated with reading in typically developing and dyslexic readers. We present the first behavioral and molecular genetic characterization of these two auditory traits. Two extant extended family datasets were given reading tasks and psychoacoustic tasks to determine FM 2 Hz and AM 20 Hz sensitivity thresholds. Univariate heritabilities were significant for both AM (h (2)  = 0...
November 9, 2016: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807734/lipid-lowering-with-soluble-dietary-fiber
#4
REVIEW
Prasanth Surampudi, Byambaa Enkhmaa, Erdembileg Anuurad, Lars Berglund
Consumption of dietary soluble fibers has been associated with health benefits such as reduced lipid levels, lower blood pressure, improved blood glucose control, weight loss, improved immune function, and reduced inflammation. Many of these health benefits relate to a reduced risk of developing cardiovascular disease. In this paper, we have reviewed recent studies on the hypocholesterolemic effects of dietary soluble fibers as well as fiber-rich foods. Findings include the following: (a) consumption of water-soluble, viscous-forming fibers can reduce total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by about 5-10 %; (b) minimal changes of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglyceride levels were observed; (c) cholesterol-lowering properties of soluble fibers depend on their physical and chemical properties; and (d) medium to high molecular weight fibers are more effective in reducing lipid levels...
December 2016: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804268/effects-of-canola-and-high-oleic-acid-canola-oils-on-abdominal-fat-mass-in-individuals-with-central-obesity
#5
Xiaoran Liu, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Sheila G West, Benoît Lamarche, David J A Jenkins, Jennifer A Fleming, Cindy E McCrea, Shuaihua Pu, Patrick Couture, Philip W Connelly, Peter J H Jones
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of diets low in saturated fatty acids and high in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) or polyunsaturated fatty acids on body composition in participants at risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: This study was a randomized, crossover, controlled feeding study. Participants (n = 101, ages 49.5 ± 1.2, BMI 29.4 ± 0.4 kg/m(2) ) were randomized to five isocaloric diets containing treatment oils: Canola, CanolaOleic, CanolaDHA, Corn/Safflower, and Flax/Safflower...
November 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777570/interactions-between-obesity-status-and-dietary-intake-of-monounsaturated-and-polyunsaturated-oils-on-human-gut-microbiome-profiles-in-the-canola-oil-multicenter-intervention-trial-comit
#6
Shuaihua Pu, Hamidreza Khazanehei, Peter J Jones, Ehsan Khafipour
Long-term dietary fatty acid intake is believed to induce changes in the human gut microbiome which might be associated with human health or obesity status; however, considerable debate remains regarding the most favorable ratios of fatty acids to optimize these processes. The objective of this sub-study of a double-blinded randomized crossover clinical study, the canola oil multi-center intervention trial, was to investigate effects of five different novel oil blends fed for 30 days each on the intestinal microbiota in 25 volunteers with risk of metabolic syndrome...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776375/investigation-of-the-lignan-content-in-extracts-from-linum-callitris-and-juniperus-species-in-relation-to-their-in-vitro-antiproliferative-activities
#7
Joël Doussot, Véronique Mathieu, Cyril Colas, Roland Molinié, Cyrielle Corbin, Josiane Montguillon, Laeticia Moreno Y Banuls, Sullivan Renouard, Frédéric Lamblin, Patricia Dupré, Benoit Maunit, Robert Kiss, Christophe Hano, Eric Lainé
Podophyllotoxin, a lignan still extracted from the rhizomes of Podophyllum hexandrum (Berberidaceae), is the starting molecule for the semisynthesis of widely used anticancer drugs such as etoposide. However, this source is threatened by the over-collection of P. hexandrum. Plants belonging to the Linaceae and Cupressaceae families could be attractive alternative sources with species that contain the lignan podophyllotoxin or its precursors and derivatives. Wild flax species, such as Linum flavum, as well as some Juniperus and Callitris species were investigated for their lignan content, and the in vitro antiproliferative capacity of their extracts was assayed on four tumor cell lines...
October 24, 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765874/effect-of-whole-flax-seed-and-carbohydrase-enzymes-on-gastrointestinal-morphology-muscle-fatty-acids-and-production-performance-in-broiler-chickens
#8
K Denise Apperson, Gita Cherian
Flax seed is a rich source of α-linolenic acid (18:3 n-3). Feeding broiler birds flax seed can increase n-3 fatty acids in meat tissues. However, non-starch polysaccharides in flax seed decrease nutrient digestibility and can have a negative impact on bird performance and muscle fatty acid content. Addition of carbohydrase enzymes to flax-based broiler diets can decrease the anti-nutritive effects of non-starch polysaccharides. An experiment was conducted to investigate on the effect of flax seed and carbohydrase enzyme foregut morphology, muscle tissue, fatty acids, and bird performance...
October 19, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754430/reflux-incidence-among-exclusively-breast-milk-fed-infants-differences-of-feeding-at-breast-versus-pumped-milk
#9
Jennifer Yourkavitch, Sabrina Zadrozny, Valerie L Flax
The practice of feeding infants expressed breast milk is increasing in the United States, but the impacts on infant and maternal health are still understudied. This study examines the monthly incidence of regurgitation (gastro-esophageal reflux) in exclusively breast milk fed infants from ages two to six months. Among infants whose mothers participated in the Infant Feeding Practices II Study (IFPS II; 2005-2007), data on reflux and feeding mode were collected by monthly questionnaires. A longitudinal, repeated measures analysis was used, with feeding mode lagged by one month in order to compare reflux incidence among infants fed directly at the breast to infants receiving pumped breast milk...
October 14, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669375/designing-a-clean-label-sponge-cake-with-reduced-fat-content
#10
Cristina Eslava-Zomeño, Amparo Quiles, Isabel Hernando
The fat in a sponge cake formulation was partially replaced (0%, 30%, 50%, and 70%) with OptiSol™5300.This natural functional ingredient derived from flax seeds, rich in fiber and alpha-linoleic acid, provides a natural substitute for guar and xanthan gums, avoiding E-numbers on labels. The structure and some physicochemical properties of the formulations were examined, sensory analysis was conducted and changes in starch digestibility due to adding this ingredient were determined. Increasing quantities of OptiSol™5300 gave harder cakes, with less weight loss during baking, without affecting the final cake height...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664601/kinetics-of-the-incorporation-of-the-main-phenolic-compounds-into-the-lignan-macromolecule-during-flaxseed-development
#11
Aina Ramsay, Ophélie Fliniaux, Anthony Quéro, Roland Molinié, Hervé Demailly, Christophe Hano, Christian Paetz, Albrecht Roscher, Eric Grand, José Kovensky, Bernd Schneider, François Mesnard
The main flax lignan, secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, is stored in a macromolecule containing other ester-bound phenolic compounds. In this study, NMR and HPLC-UV analyses were performed on flaxseeds harvested at different developmental stages to identify and quantify the main phenolic compounds produced during seed development. Extraction was carried out with or without alkaline hydrolysis to determine if these molecules accumulate in the lignan macromolecule and/or in a free form. Monolignol glucosides accumulate in a free form up to 9...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660774/draft-genome-sequences-of-two-salmonella-enterica-strains-isolated-from-sprouted-chia-and-flax-seed-powders
#12
Jennifer Ronholm, Nicholas Petronella, Sandeep Tamber
A 2014 foodborne salmonellosis outbreak in Canada and the United States implicated, for the first time, sprouted chia seed powder as the vehicle of transmission. Here, we report the draft whole genome sequences of two Salmonella enterica strains isolated from sprouted powders related to the aforementioned outbreak.
2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660157/probiotics-supplemented-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-are-more-effective-for-hepatic-steatosis-reduction-in-an-animal-model-of-obesity
#13
Nazarii Kobyliak, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Petro Bodnar, Tetyana Beregova
Today probiotics have been suggested as a treatment for the prevention of NAFLD. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation may have beneficial effects in regulating hepatic lipid metabolism, adipose tissue function and inflammation. The present study was designed to determine whether probiotics plus omega-3 are superior to probiotics alone on the monosodium glutamate (MSG)-induced NAFLD model in rats. We included 60 rats divided into four groups, 15 animals in each. Rats of group I were intact. Newborn rats of groups II-IV were injected with MSG...
September 22, 2016: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651519/morphologic-and-transcriptomic-assessment-of-bovine-embryos-exposed-to-long-chain-fatty-acids
#14
Reza Salehi, Marcos German Colazo, Stephen Tsoi, Amir Behrouzi, Benjamin K Tsang, Michael K Dyck, Masahito Oba, Divakar Justus Ambrose
The main objectives were to determine the influence of diets enriched in α-linolenic, linoleic or oleic acid on the development and transcriptomic profile of embryos collected from dairy cattle. Non-lactating Holstein cows received one of three diets supplemented with 8% rolled oilseeds: flax (FLX, n=8), sunflower (SUN, n=7) or canola (CAN, n=8). After a minimum 35-day diet adaptation, cows were superovulated, artificially inseminated and ova/embryos recovered non-surgically 7.5 days later. Cows fed FLX had less degenerated embryos and more viable embryos than those fed CAN or SUN...
September 20, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630565/flavonoid-c-glucosides-derived-from-flax-straw-extracts-reduce-human-breast-cancer-cell-growth-in-vitro-and-induce-apoptosis
#15
Magdalena Czemplik, Justyna Mierziak, Jan Szopa, Anna Kulma
Flax straw of flax varieties that are grown for oil production is a by product which represents a considerable biomass source. Therefore, its potential application for human use is of high interest. Our research has revealed that flax straw is rich in flavonoid C-glucosides, including vitexin, orientin, and isoorientin. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and possible proapoptotic effect of flax straw derived C-glucosides of flavonoids in the human breast adenocarcinoma cell line (MCF-7)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626291/synthesis-and-characterization-of-site-selective-orbitide-bsa-conjugate-to-produce-antibodies
#16
Pramodkumar D Jadhav, Youn Young Shim, Martin J T Reaney
Bioactive flax cyclic peptides (orbitides, linusorbs) were site specifically ligated through methionine with bovine serum albumin (BSA) to produce immunogenic compounds. In this study, modified flaxseed immunosuppressant orbitides (linusorbs, LOs) containing hydroxyl (OH) groups were synthesized for use as haptens. These compounds were extensively characterized by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, HPLC-MS/MS, and FTIR. The haptens were conjugated to BSA and the extent of hapten incorporation was determined by MALDI, LC-ESI-MS, and SDS-PAGE...
September 14, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618754/investigation-of-the-mechanical-properties-and-failure-modes-of-hybrid-natural-fiber-composites-for-potential-bone-fracture-fixation-plates
#17
Saeed Manteghi, Zia Mahboob, Zouheir Fawaz, Habiba Bougherara
The purpose of this study is to investigate the mechanical feasibility of a hybrid Glass/Flax/Epoxy composite material for bone fracture fixation such as fracture plates. These hybrid composite plates have a sandwich structure in which the outer layers are made of Glass/Epoxy and the core from Flax/Epoxy. This configuration resulted in a unique structure compared to prior composites proposed for similar clinical applications. In order to evaluate the mechanical properties of this hybrid composite, uniaxial tension, compression, three-point bending and Rockwell Hardness tests were conducted...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597965/bone-regeneration-after-treatment-with-covering-materials-composed-of-flax-fibers-and-biodegradable-plastics-a-histological-study-in-rats
#18
Tomasz Gredes, Franziska Kunath, Tomasz Gedrange, Christiane Kunert-Keil
The aim of this study was to examine the osteogenic potential of new flax covering materials. Bone defects were created on the skull of forty rats. Materials of pure PLA and PCL and their composites with flax fibers, genetically modified producing PHB (PLA-transgen, PCL-transgen) and unmodified (PLA-wt, PCL-wt), were inserted. The skulls were harvested after four weeks and subjected to histological examination. The percentage of bone regeneration by using PLA was less pronounced than after usage of pure PCL in comparison with controls...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585559/bacterial-succession-and-metabolite-changes-during-flax-linum-usitatissimum-l-retting-with-bacillus-cereus-hdym-02
#19
Dan Zhao, Pengfei Liu, Chao Pan, Renpeng Du, Wenxiang Ping, Jingping Ge
High-throughput sequencing and GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) were jointly used to reveal the bacterial succession and metabolite changes during flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) retting. The inoculation of Bacillus cereus HDYM-02 decreased bacterial richness and diversity. This inoculum led to the replacement of Enterobacteriaceae by Bacillaceae. The level of aerobic Pseudomonadaceae (mainly Azotobacter) and anaerobic Clostridiaceae_1 gradually increased and decreased, respectively. Following the addition of B...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581561/synbiotics-suppress-the-release-of-lactate-dehydrogenase-promote-non-specific-immunity-and-integrity-of-jejunum-mucosa-in-piglets
#20
Zuzana Andrejčáková, Drahomíra Sopková, Radoslava Vlčková, Lucia Kulichová, Soňa Gancarčíková, Viera Almášiová, Katarína Holovská, Vladimír Petrilla, Lenka Krešáková
The aim of our experiment was to study how synbiotics are able to deal with the problems of post-weaning piglets. Lactobacillus plantarum - Biocenol(TM) LP96 (CCM 7512), Lactobacillus fermentum - Biocenol(TM) LF99 (CCM 7514) and flaxseed (rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids) were administered to 36 conventional piglets from a problematic breed with confirmed presence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Coronavirus. The experimental piglets were supplied with probiotic cheeses and crushed flax-seed in the period starting 10 days before weaning and lasting up to 14 days post-weaning...
September 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
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