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DNA silver nanocluster

S Y New, S T Lee, X D Su
12 years after the introduction of DNA-templated silver nanoclusters (DNA-AgNCs), exciting progress has been made and yet we are still in the midst of trying to fully understand this nanomaterial. The prominent excellence of DNA-AgNCs is undoubtedly its modulatable emission property, of which how variation in DNA templates causes emission tuning remains elusive. Based on the up-to-date DNA-AgNCs, we aim to establish the correlation between the structure/sequence of DNA templates and emission behaviour of AgNCs...
October 7, 2016: Nanoscale
Peng Zhang, Hui Liu, Xiaocheng Li, Suzhen Ma, Shuai Men, Heng Wei, Jingjing Cui, Hongning Wang
The harm of Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) to public health mainly by the consumption of contaminated agricultural products or water stresses an urgent need for rapid detection methods to help control the spread of S. typhimurium. In this work, an intelligently designed sensor system took creative advantage of triple trigger sequences-regenerated strand displacement amplification and self-protective hairpin template-generated-scaffolded silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) for the first time. In the presence of live S...
September 12, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kun Wang, Mengqi He, Jin Wang, Ronghuan He, Jianhua Wang
A series of complex logic gates were constructed based on graphene oxide and DNA-templated silver nanoclusters to perform both arithmetic and nonarithmetic functions. For the purpose of satisfying the requirements of progressive computational complexity and cost-effectiveness, a label-free and universal platform was developed by integration of various functions, including half adder, half subtractor, multiplexer and demultiplexer. The label-free system avoided laborious modification of biomolecules. The designed DNA-based logic gates can be implemented with readout of near-infrared fluorescence, and exhibit great potential applications in the field of bioimaging as well as disease diagnosis...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jiaona Xu, Chunying Wei
Two general and reliable fluorescence sensors were proposed in this work utilizing aptamer DNA-templated silver nanoclusters (Ag NCs). Both DNA-AgNCs could be used for label-free detecting of ATP with the limits of detection of 0.44 and 0.65mM. One of them was further applied to monitor the activity of adenosine deaminase (ADA). In our effort to elucidate the light-up mechanism, we studied a total of six Ag NCs prepared by different DNA sequences, and found that they showed different sensitivity to ATP. Both BT3T3- and BT3T3(R)-templated Ag NCs were chose to make particular studies by UV-vis, TEM, fluorescence, and TCSPC methods...
August 25, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Chang Yeol Lee, Ki Soo Park, Yun Kyung Jung, Hyun Gyu Park
A novel label-free system for the sensitive fluorescent detection of deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) activity has been developed by utilizing DNA-templated silver nanocluster/graphene oxide (DNA-AgNC/GO) nanocomposite. AgNC is first synthesized around C-rich template DNA and the resulting DNA-AgNC binds to GO through the interaction between the extension DNA and GO. The resulting DNA-AgNC/GO would show quite reduced fluorescence signal because the fluorescence from DNA-AgNCs is quenched by GO. In the presence of DNase I, however, it degrades the DNA strand within DNA/RNA hybrid duplex probe employed in this study, consequently releasing RNA which is complementary to the extension DNA...
August 24, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Shuangqin Li, Yuewei Fu, Xuejuan Ma, Yaodong Zhang
Pancreatic function tests are used to determine the presence of chronic pancreatitis, particularly in the early stage of the disease. Chymotrypsin is an indicator of pancreatic function and is thus related to pancreatic diseases. A new fluorescent biosensing method for assay of chymotrypsin activity was developed using DNA (dC12)-templated silver nanoclusters and graphene oxide (GO). A peptide probe was also designed using chymotrypsin-cleavable amino acid sequence and a cysteine terminus. The peptide probe formed Ag-S bond to dC12-AgNCs to enhance the fluorescence of dC12-AgNCs...
August 12, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jin-Liang Ma, Bin-Cheng Yin, Xin Wu, Bang-Ce Ye
We present a new copper-mediated on-off switch for detecting either pyrophosphate (PPi) or alkaline phosphatase (ALP) based on DNA-scaffolded silver nanoclusters (DNA/AgNCs) templated by a single-stranded sequence containing a 15-nt polythymine spacer between two different emitters. The switch is based on three favorable properties: the quenching ability of Cu(2+) for DNA/AgNCs with excitation at 550 nm; the strong binding capacity of Cu(2+) and PPi; and the ability of ALP to transform PPi into orthophosphate (Pi)...
September 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Nina Kasyanenko, Vladimir Bakulev, Igor Perevyazko, Tatiana Nekrasova, Olga Nazarova, Alexandr Slita, Yulia Zolotova, Euginii Panarin
Creation of multifunctional nanoplatforms is one of the new approaches to complex treatment and diagnosis with the monitoring of the curative process. Inclusion of various components into the drug delivery system may reduce toxicity and enhance or modify the therapeutic effects of medicines. In particular, some properties of metal nanoparticles and nanoclusters provide the ability to create new systems for treatment and diagnosis of diseases, biocatalysis and imaging of objects. For example, the ability of metal nanoparticles to enhance the quantum yield of luminescence can be used in bioimaging and therapy...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
Huan Wang, Yihe Zhang, Hongmin Ma, Xiang Ren, Yaoguang Wang, Yong Zhang, Qin Wei
In this work, an ultrasensitive electrochemical sensor was developed for detection of Hg(2+). Gold nanoparticles decorated bovine serum albumin reduction of graphene oxide (AuNP-BSA-rGO) were used as subsurface material for the immobilization of triple-helix DNA. The triple-helix DNA containing a thiol labelled single-stranded DNA (sDNA) and a thymine-rich DNA (T-rich DNA), which could be unwinded in the present of Hg(2+) to form more stable thymine-Hg(2+)-thymine (T-Hg(2+)-T) complex. T-Hg(2+)-T complex was then removed and the sDNA was left on the electrode...
December 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kaiyuan Zheng, Magdiel I Setyawati, Tze-Peng Lim, David Tai Leong, Jianping Xie
Integration of two distinctive bactericides into one entity is a promising platform to improve the efficiency of antimicrobial agents. We report an efficient antimicrobial hybrid formed through conjugating silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) with daptomycin. The as-designed antimicrobial hybrid (D-AgNCs) inherits intrinsic properties of both bactericides with an enhanced synergistic performance. In particular, the chemically integrated D-AgNCs showed improved bacterial killing efficiency over the physically mixed daptomycin and AgNCs (D+AgNCs)...
August 23, 2016: ACS Nano
Larry J Kricka, Paolo Fortina, Jason Y Park
Important and emerging trends at the interface of luminescence, nucleic acids and nanotechnology are: (i) the conventional luminescence labeling of nucleic acid nanostructures (e.g. DNA tetrahedron); (ii) the labeling of bulk nucleic acids (e.g. single-stranded DNA, double-stranded DNA) with nanostructured luminescent labels (e.g. copper nanoclusters); and (iii) the labeling of nucleic acid nanostructures (e.g. origami DNA) with nanostructured luminescent labels (e.g. silver nanoclusters). This review surveys recent advances in these three different approaches to the generation of nanostructured luminescently labeled nucleic acids, and includes both direct and indirect labeling methods...
July 15, 2016: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Jackson Travis Del Bonis-O'Donnell, Daniel Vong, Sumita Pennathur, Deborah Kuchnir Fygenson
DNA-stabilized silver nanoclusters (AgNCs), the fluorescence emission of which can rival that of typical organic fluorophores, have made possible a new class of label-free molecular beacons for the detection of single-stranded DNA. Like fluorophore-quencher molecular beacons (FQ-MBs) AgNC-based molecular beacons (AgNC-MBs) are based on a single-stranded DNA that undergoes a conformational change upon binding a target sequence. The new conformation exposes a stretch of single-stranded DNA capable of hosting a fluorescent AgNC upon reduction in the presence of Ag(+) ions...
August 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Ehsan Shokri, Morteza Hosseini, Farnoush Faridbod, Mahdi Rahaie
Citrus Tristeza virus (CTV) is one of the most destructive pathogens worldwide that exist as a mixture of malicious (Sever) and tolerable (Mild) strains. Mild strains of CTV can be used to immunize healthy plants from more Severe strains damage. Recently, innovative methods based on the fluorescent properties of DNA/silver nanoclusters have been developed for molecular detection purposes. In this study, a simple procedure was followed to create more active DNA/AgNCs probe for accurate and selective detection of Tristeza Mild-RNA...
September 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
Roopali Prajapati, Surajit Chatterjee, Krishna K Kannaujiya, Tushar Kanti Mukherjee
The mechanism and dynamics of excitation energy transfer (EET) from photo-excited 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) to silver nanoclusters (Ag NCs) and its subsequent modulation in the presence of cationic polymer poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) and Calf Thymus DNA (CT-DNA) have been demonstrated using steady-state fluorescence and femtosecond fluorescence upconversion techniques. The synthesized Ag NCs were characterized using FTIR, mass spectrometry, XPS, HRTEM, DLS, UV-Vis and PL spectroscopy...
July 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Yu-Dan Ye, Li Xia, Dang-Dang Xu, Xiao-Jing Xing, Dai-Wen Pang, Hong-Wu Tang
Based on the remarkable difference between the interactions of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) oxide with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), and the fact that fluorescence of DNA-stabilized silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) can be quenched by CNPs oxide, DNA-functionalized AgNCs were applied as label-free fluorescence probes and a novel fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) sensor was successfully constructed for the detection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) DNA sequences. CNPs oxide were prepared with the oxidation of candle soot, hence it is simple, time-saving and low-cost...
November 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Anna Dembska
Polycytosine DNA strands are often found among natural sequences, including the ends of telomeres, centromeres, and introns or in the regulatory regions of genes. A characteristic feature of oligonucleotides that are rich in cytosine (C-rich) is their ability to associate under acidic conditions to form a tetraplex i-motif consisting of two parallel stranded cytosine-hemiprotonated cytosine (C·C+) base-paired duplexes that are mutually intercalated in an antiparallel orientation. Nanotechnology has been exploiting the advantages of i-motif pH-dependent formation to fabricate nanomachines, nanoswitches, electrodes and intelligent nanosurfaces or nanomaterials...
August 3, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Jingjing Feng, Caixia Zhuo, Xuejuan Ma, Shuangqin Li, Yaodong Zhang
Thrombin has been implicated in atherosclerotic disease development. However, thrombin activity detection is currently limited because of the lack of convenient fluorescent probes. We developed a label-free fluorescent method to assay thrombin activity on the basis of a designed peptide probe with a thrombin-cleavable peptide sequence and a cysteine terminus. The peptide probe can be conjugated to DNA-templated silver nanoclusters (DNA-AgNCs) through Ag-S bonding; as a result, the fluorescence of DNA-AgNCs was enhanced...
July 21, 2016: Analyst
Yang Chen, Guangyu Tao, Ruoyun Lin, Xiaojing Pei, Feng Liu, Na Li
The rationale for the preparation of DNA-templated gold nanoclusters (DNA-Au NCs) has not been well understood, thereby slowing down the advancement of the synthesis and applications of DNA-Au NCs. The interaction between metal ions and the DNA template seems to be the key factor for the successful preparation of DNA-templated metal nanoclusters. With the help of circular dichroism in this contribution, we put efforts into interrogating the necessity of pre-incubation of HAuCl4 with poly-adenine template in the formation of Au NCs by citrate reduction...
June 6, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Siamak Javani, Romina Lorca, Alfonso Latorre, Cristina Flors, Aitziber L Cortajarena, Álvaro Somoza
Silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) stabilized by DNA are promising materials with tunable fluorescent properties, which have been employed in a plethora of sensing systems. In this report, we explore their antimicrobial properties in Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. After testing 9 oligonucleotides with different sequence and length, we found that the antibacterial activity depends on the sequence of the oligonucleotide employed. The sequences tested yielded fluorescent AgNCs, which can be grouped in blue, yellow, and red emitters...
April 27, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Wen Yang, Jianniao Tian, Lijun Wang, Shui Fu, Hongyun Huang, Yanchun Zhao, Shulin Zhao
A label-free and sensitive fluorescence biosensing platform for human immunodeficiency virus gene (HIV-DNA) detection has been fabricated based on luminescent DNA-scaffolded silver nanoclusters (DNA/AgNCs) and autonomous exonuclease III (Exo III)-assisted recycling signal amplification. One long-chain DNA (X-DNA) molecule can hybridize with two assistant DNA (F-DNA) molecules and one HIV-DNA molecule; after Exo III digests X-DNA to liberate F-DNA and HIV-DNA. F-DNA combines with P-DNA (template of DNA/AgNCs), accordingly, P-DNA is cut and the fluorescence of the system is quenched...
May 10, 2016: Analyst
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