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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724894/self-viewing-is-associated-with-negative-affect-rather-than-reward-in-highly-narcissistic-men-an-fmri-study
#1
Emanuel Jauk, Mathias Benedek, Karl Koschutnig, Gayannée Kedia, Aljoscha C Neubauer
Subclinical narcissism is a personality trait with two faces: According to social-cognitive theories it is associated with grandiosity and feelings of superiority, whereas psychodynamic theories emphasize vulnerable aspects like fluctuating self-esteem and emotional conflicts. The psychodynamic view, however, is commonly not supported by self-report studies on subclinical narcissism. Personality neuroscience might help to better understand the phenomenon of narcissism beyond the limits of self-report research...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718968/the-design-of-the-mbt-g-adherence-and-quality-scale
#2
Espen J Folmo, Sigmund W Karterud, Kjetil Bremer, Kristoffer L Walther, Elfrida H Kvarstein, Geir A F Pedersen
Few group psychotherapy studies focus on therapists' interventions, and instruments that can measure group psychotherapy treatment fidelity are scarce. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reliability of the Mentalization-based Group Therapy Adherence and Quality Scale (MBT-G-AQS), which is a 19-item scale developed to measure adherence and quality in mentalization-based group therapy (MBT-G). Eight MBT groups and eight psychodynamic groups (a total of 16 videotaped therapy sessions) were rated independently by five raters...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718660/out-out-damned-blind-spot-the-problem-of-anxiety-with-dynamic-psychotherapy
#3
Neil Raveen Jeyasingam
OBJECTIVES: This article discusses Lady Macbeth's famous sleepwalking scene from the Shakespearean tragedy, and how it became used as a template for the formulation of obsessive-compulsive disorder. CONCLUSIONS: Psychoanalysis maintained its role in understanding the condition, despite the lack of evidence base and the repeated finding from many therapists of a failure to control symptomatology. It is suggested that psychodynamic psychotherapy suffered from a failure to recognise what components of its practice were aesthetically attractive concepts rather than evidence-based medicine and outcome measures, and is an important issue in considering its future directions...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711109/moderation-of-the-alliance-outcome-association-by-prior-depressive-episodes-differential-effects-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-short-term-psychodynamic-supportive-psychotherapy
#4
Lorenzo Lorenzo-Luaces, Ellen Driessen, Robert J DeRubeis, Henricus L Van, John R Keefe, Mariëlle Hendriksen, Jack Dekker
Prior studies have suggested that the association between the alliance and depression improvement varies as a function of prior history of depression. We sought to replicate these findings and extend them to short-term psychodynamic supportive psychotherapy (SPSP) in a sample of patients who were randomized to one of these treatments and were administered the Helping Alliance Questionnaire (N=282) at Week 5 of treatment. Overall, the alliance was a predictor of symptom change (d=0.33). In SPSP, the alliance was a modest but robust predictor of change, irrespective of prior episodes (d=0...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701097/-the-psychoanalytic-interactional-method-pim-a-psychodynamic-treatment-for-adolescents-with-severe-disorders-of-personality-functioning
#5
Carola Cropp
The Psychoanalytic-interactional Method (PIM): A Psychodynamic Treatment for Adolescents with Severe Disorders of Personality Functioning The psychoanalytic-interactional method (PIM) was developed as a psychodynamic treatment for adult patients with severe disorders of personality functioning (Streeck u. Leichsenring, 2015). However, it is also well suited for the treatment of adolescent patients because its techniques fit with specific conditions of adolescence. A modified version of the PIM for adolescents (Streeck-Fischer, Cropp, Streeck, Salzer, 2016) has proven to be efficacious...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701091/-mentalization-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-concept-and-efficacy
#6
Svenja Taubner, Jana Volkert, Thorsten-Christian Gablonski, Trudie Rossouw
Mentalization-Based Treatment for Adolescents with Borderline Personality Disorder - Concept and Efficacy In recent years, the concept of mentalization has become increasingly important in practice and research. It describes the imaginative ability to understand human behavior in terms of mental states. Mentalization is a central component to understand the etiology and to treat patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Both adult and adolescent patients with BPD have limited mentalization abilities, which can be reliably assessed using the Reflective Functioning Scale...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699818/implementing-brief-dynamic-interpersonal-therapy-dit-in-a-va-medical-center
#7
Cory K Chen, Christine P Ingenito, Michelle M Kehn, Nicole Nehrig, Karen S Abraham
BACKGROUND: Given increasing mental health needs in the VA, identifying strategies to deliver new services is critical. AIMS: This paper describes the process of navigating provider, patient and systems barriers of an initiative to increase choice, access and quality of psychotherapy at the VA by incorporating an evidence-based short-term, psychodynamic psychotherapy. METHODS: Brief Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT) was selected as a viable model for implementation...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692188/nielsen-a-c-2016-a-roadmap-for-couple-therapy-integrating-systemic-psychodynamic-and-behavioral-approaches-new-york-ny-routledge-290-pp-45-51
#8
REVIEW
Josh R Novak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686133/rethinking-compassion-fatigue
#9
Nathan Gerard
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to argue for a revision of the concept of compassion fatigue in light of both its history and psychodynamics. Design/methodology/approach This paper calls into question conventional interpretations of compassion fatigue and the assumptions underlying them. As an alternative, a psychoanalytic interpretation is offered that sheds light on the phenomenon's unconscious and organizational dynamics. This interpretation also aligns with the concept's historical use in media and politics...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678448/-psychotherapy-training-for-psychiatrists-issues-and-challenges
#10
Jean-Nicolas Despland, Alessandra Duc Marwood, Fabrice Herrera, Giorgio Enrico Maccaferri
Since the adoption of the Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist double title in 1961, the medical training in psychotherapy must obey specific requirements. In parallel to the clinical practice, the supervisions and the personal experience, 180 hours of theoretical training are required, in each of the psychotherapeutic orientations chosen by the medical doctor (psychodynamic, family / systemic and behavioural and cognitive therapies). Even though the effectiveness of these treatments is well established and there is no significant difference between psychotherapeutic schools in this respect, the choice of an orientation for psychotherapy training requires an adequate pedagogic process, both on the theoretical side, and in the ability to choose a suitable form of psychotherapeutic treatment adapted to the psychiatrist's conversational style...
September 21, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675999/subduing-the-green-eyed-monster-bridging-the-psychopharmacological-and-psychosocial-treatment-perspective-in-understanding-pathological-jealousy
#11
Farah Deena Abdul Samad, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Nurul Hazwani Hatta
Human being is not spared from a broad-ranged emotional state, including being jealous. Jealousy has both affective-cognitive and behavioural-evaluative dimension where the person perceives, or experiences a real threat on a valued relationship. As this complex emotion becomes irrational and not amenable to reason, it later transforms into a dangerously 'green-eyed monster'. This perilous situation which is viewed as pathological jealousy is a form of delusion, which is maintained by a fixed and false reasoning in an originally entrusted intimate relationship...
July 4, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658496/psychodynamics-of-onboarding-new-graduate-nurses
#12
Charles F Krozek
The new graduate RNs' first job lands them squarely in the middle of extraordinary workplace complexity and extreme psychological stress. Met with a whole host of daily challenges, the organization's understanding of the new graduate's psychodynamic coping strategies can make a difference in the sucess of the onboarding program. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2017;48(7):299-301.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650192/prediction-and-moderation-of-improvement-in-cognitive-behavioral-and-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-for-panic-disorder
#13
Dianne L Chambless, Barbara Milrod, Eliora Porter, Robert Gallop, Kevin S McCarthy, Elizabeth Graf, Marie Rudden, Brian A Sharpless, Jacques P Barber
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables predicting psychotherapy outcome for panic disorder or indicating which of 2 very different forms of psychotherapy-panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy (PFPP) or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)-would be more effective for particular patients. METHOD: Data were from 161 adults participating in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) including these psychotherapies. Patients included 104 women; 118 patients were White, 33 were Black, and 10 were of other races; 24 were Latino(a)...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649214/interactions-between-obsessional-symptoms-and-interpersonal-ambivalences-in-psychodynamic-therapy-an-empirical-case-study
#14
Shana Cornelis, Mattias Desmet, Kimberly L H D Van Nieuwenhove, Reitske Meganck, Jochem Willemsen, Ruth Inslegers, Jasper Feyaerts
The classical symptom specificity hypothesis (Blatt, 1974) particularly associates obsessional symptoms to interpersonal behavior directed at autonomy and separation from others. Cross-sectional group research, however, has yielded inconsistent findings on this predicted association, and a previous empirical case study (Cornelis et al., in press; see Chapter 2) documented obsessional pathology to be rooted in profound ambivalences between autonomous and dependent interpersonal dynamics. Therefore, in the present empirical case study, concrete operationalizations of the classical symptom specificity hypothesis are contrasted to alternative hypotheses based on the observed complexities in Chapter 2...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648970/treating-functional-non-epileptic-attacks-should-we-consider-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#15
REVIEW
Sarah R Cope, Norman Poole, Niruj Agrawal
Patients who experience functional non-epileptic attacks (FNEA) are frequently seen in Neurology clinics. Diagnosis alone can result in cessation of attacks for some patients, but many patients require further treatment. There is evidence that certain psychological therapies, like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic interpersonal therapy (PIT) can be beneficial. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a type of CBT that has been found to be effective at treating other somatic disorders, like epilepsy and chronic pain...
June 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648240/eventual-sport-performance-level-what-about-the-role-of-type-of-sport-perception-of-critical-life-events-and-practice-quality
#16
Tynke Toering
The target article describes an interesting study, which provides some challenging findings regarding athletes' pathway to excellence. The suggested links between critical life events, need for success, personal characteristics, and eventual performance level make sense from a psychodynamic perspective. This commentary will discuss some critical points related to the application of the findings in talent identification and -development programs. These are (1) the possible effect of the selection of participants on the results (including the impact of dependence on others for team sport athletes and the opportunity for multiple medal attainment), (2) a lack of detail in the description of how the athletes approached the critical life events (the perception of an event may contribute more to development than the event itself), and (3) a lack of detail in the description of the practice process throughout development...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648239/great-british-medalists-a-commentary-based-on-a-developmental-systems-theory-perspective
#17
Martin I Jones, Mark R Wilson
In their target article, Hardy and colleagues outline some psychosocial factors that were proposed to underpin the development of serial sporting champions. In this commentary, we suggest that the psychodynamic compensatory mechanisms model described by Hardy et al. is limited by its failure to consider the role of the broader developmental systems in which an individual exists (including funding structure, community, culture, and historical niche). We suggest that any workable talent development model needs to consider the bidirectional relationships between individuals and their contexts, and as such, should be guided by a more dynamic, developmental systems theory approach...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648236/the-stress-test-does-what-doesn-t-kill-me-make-me-a-super-elite-athlete
#18
Ian H Robertson
Super-elite athletes succeed in part because: (a) previous hardship builds resilience, (b) success breeds success, and (c) they can rename anxiety as excitement. It is unlikely that most of their outstanding success is due to psychodynamic compensatory mechanisms.
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648228/great-british-medalists-psychosocial-biographies-of-super-elite-and-elite-athletes-from-olympic-sports
#19
Lew Hardy, Matthew Barlow, Lynne Evans, Tim Rees, Tim Woodman, Chelsea Warr
Participants were 32 former GB athletes from Olympic sports, 16 Super-Elite athletes who had won multiple medals at major championships, and 16 matched Elite athletes who had not. In-depth interviews with the athletes, their coaches, and one of their parents explored all psychosocial aspects of their development and careers. Content analyses revealed that there were no differences between Super-Elite and Elite athletes with regard to family values, conscientiousness, or commitment to training. However, the two groups were found to be different with regard to: (1) the experience of a foundational negative life event coupled with a foundational positive sport-related event; (2) the experience of a career turning point that enhanced motivation and focus for their sport; (3) need for success; (4) obsessiveness and/or perfectionism with regard to training and performance; (5) ruthlessness and/or selfishness in the pursuit of their sporting goals; (6) dual focus on both mastery and outcome; (7) the use of counterphobic attitudes and/or total preparation to maintain higher levels of performance under pressure; and (8) the relative importance of sport over other aspects of life...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639313/change-in-attachment-states-of-mind-of-women-with-binge-eating-disorder
#20
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
Insecure and unresolved/disorganized attachment states of mind may impact affect regulation and interpersonal functioning that contribute to binge eating in women with binge-eating disorder (BED). Group psychological treatment may facilitate changes from insecure to secure and from unresolved-disorganized to non-unresolved/disorganized attachment states of mind. This study used attachment theory to understand better the psychopathology of BED and co-morbid overweight status and to understand better the treatment response of patients with BED who receive group psychotherapy...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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