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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156100/doctoral-training-in-clinical-psychology-across-23-years-continuity-and-change
#1
John C Norcross, Michael A Sayette, Andrew M Pomerantz
OBJECTIVE: Doctoral training in clinical psychology has undergone substantial changes in recent decades, especially with the increasing heterogeneity of training models and graduate students. To document these changes, we analyzed program, student, and faculty characteristics of American Psychological Association (APA)-accredited clinical psychology programs over a 23-year span. METHOD: We surveyed directors of clinical training about their doctoral programs every 2 years from 1991 to 2013, securing 90%-98% response rates...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151096/jumping-frenchmen-miryachit-and-latah-culture-specific-hyperstartle-plus-syndromes
#2
Douglas J Lanska
In the late 19th century, jumping (French Canadians in Maine, USA), miryachit (Siberia), and latah (Southeast Asia) were among a group of similar disorders described around the world, each of which manifests as an exaggerated startle response with additional late-response features that were felt by some to overlap with hysteria or tics. The later features following the exaggerated startle reaction variably include mimesis (e.g., echopraxia, echolalia) and automatic obedience. These reaction patterns tended to persist indefinitely in affected individuals...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151095/violent-behavior
#3
Sophia Sopromadze, Alexander Tsiskaridze
Violence is a significant public health problem representing one of the leading causes of death worldwide for people aged 15-44 years. Although violence and aggression are more frequent in adolescence and early adult life and decline with advancing age, these conditions can still develop for the first time in old age especially in association with organic brain disorder. Rates of violent death vary according to country income levels and are twice as higher in low- to middle-income countries than in high-income countries...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151092/conversion-factitious-disorder-and-malingering-a-distinct-pattern-or-a-continuum
#4
Silvio Galli, Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky, Selma Aybek
This chapter is aimed at highlighting the recent findings concerning physiopathology, diagnosis, and management of conversion, factitious disorder, and malingering. Conversion disorder is the unintentional production of neurological symptom, whereas malingering and factitious disorder represent the voluntary production of symptoms with internal or external incentives. They have a close history and this has been frequently confounded. Practitioners are often confronted to medically unexplained symptoms; they represent almost 30% of neurologist's consultation...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144186/-the-whole-is-greater-than-the-sum-of-the-parts-prison-staff-perceptions-of-domestic-violence-rehabilitation-programs
#5
Efrat Shoham, Anat Zelig, Badi Hasisi, David Weisburd, Noam Haviv
This qualitative study is part of a mixed methods research project that examined the effectiveness of the primary rehabilitation program for domestic violence offenders in the Israeli Prison Services-the "House of Hope." The quantitative part of the study showed that the "House of Hope" program was effective in reducing recidivism among participating inmates. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the rehabilitation program according to the perspectives of the program staff. For this purpose, semistructured interviews were conducted with the department staff during the study as well as with past directors...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134879/corrigendum
#6
(no author information available yet)
Evans, E.C., Deutsch, N.L., Drake, E., and Bullock, L. (2017). Nurse-Patient Interaction as a Treatment for Antepartum Depression: A Mixed-Methods Analysis. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 23, 347-359. (Original doi: 10.1177/1078390317705449) In the September/October issue of JAPNA the reference for Peplau (1997) was incorrectly listed and cited throughout the paper. This has been updated in the online version. The correct reference should have been: Peplau, H. E. (1952). Interpersonal relations in nursing: A conceptual frame of reference for psychodynamic nursing...
November 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131090/online-self-help-as-an-add-on-to-inpatient-psychotherapy-efficacy-of-a-new-blended-treatment-approach
#7
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Rudolf J Knickenberg, Martin Siepmann, Karin Hagen, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most frequent and costly mental disorders. While there is increasing evidence for the efficacy of online self-help to improve depression or prevent relapse, there is little evidence in blended care settings, especially combined with inpatient face-to-face psychotherapy. Therefore, we evaluated whether an evidence-based online self-help program improves the efficacy of inpatient psychotherapy. METHODS: A total of 229 depressed patients were randomly allocated either to an online self-help program (intervention group [IG]; Deprexis) or an active control group (CG; weekly online information on depression) in addition to inpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120205/university-counseling-service-for-improving-students-mental-health
#8
Francesca Vescovelli, Paolo Melani, Chiara Ruini, Pio Enrico Ricci Bitti, Fiorella Monti
The main aims of this study were to provide an initial sociodemographic and clinical characterization of university students' academic and psychological functioning and to investigate and compare the feasibility and clinical utility of psychotherapies (cognitive behavior vs. psychodynamic) delivered at a large University in Northern Italy for improving university students' mental health, using self and observer-report measures. One hundred forty-9 students (102 women; MAge = 24.55, SD = 3.35) were consecutively interviewed and extensively assessed by independent clinicians of the Service before and after the intervention, using the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation and the Global Assessment Scale...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102412/anosognosia-denial-of-illness-and-the-right-hemisphere-dominance-for-emotions-some-historical-and-clinical-notes
#9
REVIEW
Guido Gainotti
Poor disease awareness ('anosognosia') is often observed in patients with various disabilities caused by brain damage. The lack of disease awareness can be due to the disruption of specific cognitive mechanisms and the development of psychodynamic mechanisms of denial. The aim of this paper is to review how these phenomena were discovered and evolved over time and to consider the relationships between them and the right hemisphere dominance for emotions. It is not clear whether the term 'anosognosia' refers to a basic mechanism that can explain similar awareness defects in different behavioural domains or whether it must be viewed as a multifaceted phenomenon in which both the disruption of cognitive or sensorimotor mechanisms and the emergence of motivational factors can play different roles in various forms of disease unawareness and in different kinds of 'anosognosic' patients...
October 25, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088939/different-standards-when-assessing-the-evidence-for-psychodynamic-therapy-response-to-cristea-et-al
#10
Christiane Steinert, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088931/equivalence-of-psychodynamic-therapy-to-other-established-treatments-limited-supporting-evidence-and-clinical-relevance
#11
Ioana A Cristea, Pim Cuijpers, Florian Naudet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076396/mentalization-and-the-growth-of-symbolic-play-and-affect-regulation-in-psychodynamic-therapy-for-children-with-behavioral-problems
#12
Sibel Halfon, Pelinsu Bulut
OBJECTIVE: Children with behavioral problems often have problems with symbolic play organization, specifically with the regulation of negative affect and its representation. One of the aims of psychodynamic therapy with these children is enhancing their symbolic and mentalizing capacities in play. This study investigated the associations between promoting mentalization, and the growth of symbolic play and affect regulation. METHOD: The sample included 48 children with behavioral problems, who underwent long-term psychodynamic treatment informed with mentalization principles, with good outcome...
October 27, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062132/some-paths-towards-psychotic-alienation
#13
Franco De Masi
In this paper I use the term alienation to describe the mind's detachment from psychic reality and its withdrawal into an alien world that leads to progressive dehumanization. In spite of this phenomenon having a psychodynamic nosography and descriptive models that effectively reveal it in detail, mental alienation is still mysterious and unsettling, especially when it manifests all of a sudden in clinical work. Alienating withdrawal into sensory fantasizing, which causes increasing loss of contact with human reality, is often preceded by a long period of time spent in a dissociated world that has gradually replaced psychic reality...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044599/feedback-informed-treatment-an-empirically-supported-case-study-of-psychodynamic-treatment
#14
Stephanie Winkeljohn Black, Jesse Owen, Norah Chapman, Kelly Lavin, Joanna M Drinane, Patty Kuo
The use of client feedback, via self-report measures of psychological functioning and working alliance, is an effective way to improve therapy outcomes. Despite this progress, there are many questions about the mechanisms of change for these systems. The current study employed a case study approach to examine the effectiveness of feedback informed treatment within a psychodynamic therapy. We examined the case based on therapy outcomes, alliance processes, and verbatim dialogue of in-session exchanges. We also conducted a semistructured interview with the therapist to understand how she used and interpreted the feedback within her psychodynamic approach...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038094/transdiagnostic-psychodynamic-web-based-self-help-intervention-following-inpatient-psychotherapy-results-of-a-feasibility-study-and-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Robert Johansson, Ronald J Frederick, Gerhard Andersson, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders have become a major health issue, and a substantial number of afflicted individuals do not get appropriate treatment. Web-based interventions are promising supplementary tools for improving health care for patients with mental disorders, as they can be delivered at low costs and used independently of time and location. Although psychodynamic treatments are used frequently in the face-to-face setting, there has been a paucity of studies on psychodynamic Web-based self-help interventions...
October 16, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021766/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-functional-relaxation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychoeducation-for-stress
#16
Claas Lahmann, Maria Gebhardt, Heribert Sattel, Andreas Dinkel, Christoph Pieh, Thomas Probst
This randomized controlled trial investigated whether adding the psychodynamically based body-oriented psychotherapy "Functional Relaxation" (FR) to psychoeducation (PE) is more effective than PE alone to reduce stress and stress-associated complaints. Eighty-one participants with elevated stress-levels, ≥50 points on the global scale of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), received either 10 sessions of manualized FR + PE (n = 42) or two sessions of manualized PE alone (n = 39) in a group setting. Six FR trainers took part in this study...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020682/the-impact-of-theoretical-orientation-and-training-on-preference-for-diagnostic-models-of-personality-pathology
#17
Amy Paggeot, Sharon Nelson, Steven Huprich
The role of theoretical orientation in determining preference for different methods of diagnosis has been largely unexplored. The goal of the present study was to explore ratings of the usefulness of 4 diagnostic methods after applying them to a patient: prototype ratings derived from the SWAP-II, the DSM-5 Section III specific personality disorders, the DSM-5 Section III trait model, and prototype ratings derived from the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM). Three hundred and twenty-nine trainees in APA-accredited doctoral programs and internships rated one of their current patients with each of the 4 diagnostic methods...
2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994473/preliminary-thoughts-on-the-neurobiology-of-innate-unconscious-structures-and-the-psychodynamics-of-language-acquisition
#18
Susan Mizen
This paper builds upon Britton's recent writing on 'models in the mind', in which he gives an account of preverbal metaphoric structures based on object relations (Britton 2015). These correspond with Jung's theory of innate unconscious structures. These innate models are considered alongside current linguistic theory following Chomsky and post-Chomskyan views about language acquisition. Neuroscience evidence linking language and abstract thinking with structures involved in tool use are presented. The implications of these findings, and our understanding of the relational context within which language, metaphor and abstract thought are acquired, will be discussed along with the failures of symbolization and verbal communication common amongst those with severe narcissistic disorders...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987054/the-effects-of-short-term-group-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-on-the-personality-traits-of-patients-treated-in-a-day-ward
#19
Adrian Sieradzki, Marcin Szechiński, Krzysztof Małyszczak
OBJECTIVES: In the literature, there is no research that would indicate how a change in specific personality elements may affect the therapeutic effect of short-term group psychodynamic psychotherapy (STGP). The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of short-term group psychodynamic psychotherapy on personality traits in apopulation of patients with neurotic and personality disorders in a day ward of neurosis treatment. METHODS: The study involved 139 people with anxiety and personality disorders, including 110 who participated in the control measurements...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974183/-nonverbal-behavior-of-patients-with-social-phobia-and-their-therapists-in-psychodynamic-psychotherapies-part-of-the-sopho-net-project
#20
Irina Kreyenbrink, Peter Joraschky, Ippokrates Konstantinidis, Niklas Neumann, Hedda Lausberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
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