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Ut health

Sumi Sinha, Elliott D Kozin, Matthew R Naunheim, Samuel R Barber, Kevin Wong, Leanna W Katz, Tiffany M N Otero, Ishmael J M Stefanov-Wagner, Aaron K Remenschneider
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: 1) Determine feasibility of smartphone-based mobile technology to measure noise exposure; and 2) measure noise exposure in exercise spin classes. STUDY DESIGN: Observational Study. METHODS: The SoundMeter Pro app (Faber Acoustical, Salt Lake City, UT) was installed and calibrated on iPhone and iPod devices in an audiology chamber using an external sound level meter to within 2 dBA of accuracy. Recording devices were placed in the bike cupholders of participants attending spin classes in Boston, Massachusetts (n = 17) and used to measure sound level (A-weighted) and noise dosimetry during exercise according to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) guidelines...
October 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Keith W Easterling, Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones
INTRODUCTION: Prescription opioid pain reliever overdose is a major public health issue in the United States. To characterize the location of drug-related deaths, we examined fatal prescription opioid and illicit drug-related deaths reported in 12 states. METHODS: Data are from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN). Medical examiners or coroners in 12 states (MA, MD, ME, NH, NM, OK, OR, RI, UT, VA, VT, WV) reported details of state-wide drug-related mortality during 2008-2010...
September 2016: Journal of Safety Research
Karen Freitas Santos, Jessié Martins Gutierres, Micheli Mainardi Pillat, Vitor Braga Rissi, Maria do Carmo Dos Santos Araújo, Gustavo Bertol, Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves, Maria Rosa Chitolina Schetinger, Vera Maria Morsch
ETHOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC. (Rubiaceae) (Ut), also known as cat's claw, is a woody liana widely spread throughout the Amazon rainforest of Central and South America, containing many chemical constituents such as oxindole alkaloids, which are responsible for various biological activities. Since ancient times, the indigenous people of Peru have used it as a bark infusion for the treatment of a wide range of health problems gastric ulcers, arthritis and rheumatism...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Joanna Watson, Jerry Carlile, Angela Dunn, Megan Evans, Erin Fratto, Joel Hartsell, Lynn Meinor, Matthew Mietchen, Allyn Nakashima
Gonorrhea (caused by infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae) is the second most commonly reported notifiable disease in the United States (1). Left untreated, gonorrhea is associated with serious long-term adverse health effects, including pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Infection also facilitates transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (2,3). Effective gonorrhea control relies upon early detection and effective antimicrobial treatment. To assess gonorrhea rate trends in Utah, the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) analyzed Utah National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (UT-NEDSS) data for the state during 2009-2014...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Penradee Chanpiwat, Suthipong Sthiannopkao, Kenneth Widmer, Seiichiro Himeno, Hideki Miyataka, Ngoc-Ut Vu, Van-Viet Tran, Thi-Tuyet-Ngan Pham
Fish is the main source of animal protein and micronutrients for inhabitants in the lower Mekong River basin. Consumption of fish in the basin ranges from 41 to 51 kg capita(-1) year(-1). Thus, concerns of human health impacts caused by daily intake of metals contained in fish, and the incidence of bacterial contamination from Listeria and Escherichia coli have been raised. This study was conducted to 1) determine concentrations of metals, fecal indicator organisms, and Listeria spp. in cultivated common diet fish, and 2) assess human health risks as results of fish consumption on a daily basis...
November 2016: Chemosphere
Peir-Haur Hung, Hung-Bin Tsai, Kuan-Yu Hung, Chih-Hsin Muo, Mu-Chi Chung, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Chi-Jung Chung
The association between urothelial carcinoma (UC) and subsequent ESRD incidence has not been confirmed. This was a population-based study using claims data from the Taiwan National Health Institutes from 1998 to 2010. The study cohort consisted of 26,017 patients with newly diagnosed UC and no history of ESRD, and the comparison cohort consisted of 208,136 matched enrollees without UC. The incidence of ESRD was ascertained through cross-referencing with a registry for catastrophic illnesses. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to estimate the risk of ESRD associated with UC and UC subtype...
August 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Elizabeth T Cirulli, Geoffrey S Ginsburg
In 2015, for the first time in three decades, novel lipid-lowering drugs for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia were approved by the FDA in the US and EMA in Europe (US Food and Drug Administration 2015a, US Food and Drug Administration 2015b, European Medicines Agency 2015a, European Medicines Agency 2015b). Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), an enzyme encoded by the PCSK9 gene in humans, is the target of these novel therapeutics. In the early 2000s, PCSK9 was found to play a role in cholesterol homeostasis by promoting the degradation of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor in the liver, reducing its ability to remove LDL from circulation (Maxwell & Breslow, 2004, Park et al...
August 11, 2016: Oral Diseases
Sairam Challa, Pallavi Amirapu
INTRODUCTION: Surveillance of anaemia is an ongoing process for assessing iron status and anaemia prevalence among individuals and the communities they live in. Measuring blood haemoglobin levels is the commonest method espoused worldwide for screening individuals and populations for anaemia and iron deficiency. World Health Organization (WHO) proposed a classification of public health significance of anaemia in populations on the basis of prevalence estimated from blood levels of haemoglobin...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
K C Schliep, Sunni L Mumford, Erica B Johnstone, C Matthew Peterson, Howard T Sharp, Joseph B Stanford, Zhen Chen, Uba Backonja, Maeve E Wallace, Germaine M Buck Louis
STUDY QUESTION: Is sexual and/or physical abuse history associated with incident endometriosis diagnosis or other gynecologic disorders among premenopausal women undergoing diagnostic and/or therapeutic laparoscopy or laparotomy regardless of clinical indication? SUMMARY ANSWER: No association was observed between either a history of sexual or physical abuse and risk of endometriosis, ovarian cysts or fibroids; however, a history of physical abuse was associated with a higher likelihood of adhesions after taking into account important confounding and mediating factors...
August 2016: Human Reproduction
Juncong Li, Chao Hu, Hongming Yang, Yongming Yao
OBJECTIVE: To primarily evaluate the effects of ulinastatin on immune function of patients with severe burn injury. METHODS: Forty patients with severe burn admitted to our ward from March 2013 to October 2015, conforming to the study criteria, were divided into conventional treatment group (CT, n=20) and ulinastatin treatment group (UT, n=20) according to the random number table and patient's consent. After admission, patients in group CT received antishock treatment, antibiotic treatment, debridement, skin grafting, and nutrition support, etc...
June 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Roxana Moslehi, Elizabeth Freedman, Nur Zeinomar, Carmela Veneroso, Paul H Levine
BACKGROUND: To assess the importance of heredity in the etiology of inflammatory breast cancer (IBC), we compared IBC patients to several carefully chosen comparison groups with respect to the prevalence of first-degree family history of breast cancer. METHODS: IBC cases (n = 141) were compared to non-inflammatory breast cancer cases (n = 178) ascertained through George Washington University (GWU) with respect to the prevalence of first-degree family history of breast cancer and selected environmental/lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer...
2016: BMC Cancer
Hamzeh Salmani, Asaad Azarnezhad, Mohammad Reza Fayazi, Arshad Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Acute diarrheal disease and urinary tract infection are leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) has been identified as a major etiologic agent of diarrhea worldwide, and urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is one of the most common bacterial infections among human beings. Quick and precise detection of these bacteria help provide more effective intervention and management of infection...
February 2016: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
E Sarantopoulos
"Orandum est ut sit mens sana in corpore sano" ("You should pray for a healthy mind in a healthy body"). This phrase is a shortened citation from the satirical work of the Roman poet Juvenal. It highlights the significant role of physical as well as mental health. Aesthetic ideals have existed since the Archaic age, but they are not necessarily the same in different continents. Being familiar with aesthetic ideals in different cultures might help to accommodate patients' needs and wishes in today's globalised world...
April 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Yu-Hsuan Li, Shih-Yi Lin, Wayne Huey-Herng Sheu, I-Te Lee
OBJECTIVES: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with all-cause mortality. Ankle-brachial index (ABI) is the most widely used tool for detecting PAD, but can yield false-negative results in patients with non-compressible vessels. Pulse volume recording may be an alternative tool for assessing PAD in such patients. However, the association between pulse volume recording and all-cause mortality has seldom been reported. We hypothesised that the percentage of mean arterial pressure (%MAP) and upstroke time (UT), which are indexes of the arterial wave obtained on pulse volume recording, can predict mortality...
2016: BMJ Open
Po-Jen Hsiao, Po-Fan Hsieh, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Hsi-Chin Wu, Chi-Rei Yang, Chi-Ping Huang
Purpose This study used the a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study with the claims data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to investigate the risk of urothelial carcinoma (UC) for hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods The study population consisted of 2689 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) newly diagnosed in 2000-2002 and underwent maintenance HD. Then, 21,449 reference patients were collected without HD randomly selected and matched with sex and age. The exclusion criteria were previous long-term analgesics and Chinese medication usage...
June 2016: Renal Failure
Ut V Nguyen, Annelies Coddens, Vesna Melkebeek, Bert Devriendt, Tiphanie Goetstouwers, Mario Van Poucke, Luc Peelman, Eric Cox
F4 and/or F18 enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (F4(+)/F18(+) ETEC) are responsible for diarrhea while F18(+) verotoxigenic E. coli (F18(+) VTEC) cause edema disease in pigs. Both infections can result in severe economic losses, which are mainly the result of the medication, growth retardation and mortality. The susceptibility of piglets to these pathogens is determined by the presence of F4 and F18 receptors (F4R and F18R). Understanding the composition of the susceptibility phenotypes of pigs is useful for animal health and breeding management...
January 21, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
G F Ferrazzano, T Cantile, M Coda, A Ingenito
AIM: The ultrasonic inspection is a non invasive method which is very developed in the industrial field, for the non-destructive evaluation of materials, and in the medical field, for the ultrasound diagnostic analysis. In paediatric dentistry the most widely used non- destructive evaluation is the X-ray technique. Radiographs are valuable aids in the oral health care of infants, children, adolescents, allowing dentists to diagnose and treat oral diseases that cannot be detected during a visual clinical examination...
September 2015: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Tristan A Lindfelt, Eric J Ip, Mitchell J Barnett
PURPOSE: U.S. pharmacy school faculty were surveyed to assess their career satisfaction, lifestyle, and stress levels. METHODS: A 48-item survey, administered through Qualtrics (Provo, UT), was sent to current members of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy and included questions regarding respondents' academic institution and appointment status; lifestyle traits; career satisfaction; work-life balance; neurologic and psychiatric diagnoses; use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco; and stress levels...
September 15, 2015: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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