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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745307/a-dance-program-to-improve-gait-and-balance-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-a-feasibility-study
#1
Kara K Patterson, Jennifer S Wong, Thi-Ut Nguyen, Dina Brooks
Background and Objective Despite gains made with rehabilitation, gait and balance remain limited post-stroke. Dance is a fun and motivating activity which has shown benefits in individuals with Parkinson's disease. The purpose of this article is to investigate the feasibility of a dance program for individuals with chronic stroke. Methods Pre-post intervention feasibility study where twenty individuals with chronic stroke participated in a dance class twice a week for 10 weeks. Feasibility measures included interest, enrollment, attendance, adverse events, and participant satisfaction...
May 10, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744020/cardiac-metastases-from-malignant-melanoma-the-charcoal-heart
#2
Herbert L Fred, Hendrik A van Dijk
The column in this issue is supplied by Herbert L. Fred, M.D., M.A.C.P., and Hendrik A. van Dijk, both from McGovern Medical School-UT Health, Houston, Texas. Dr. Fred is emeritus professor of medicine and a well-known medical educator and diagnostician. A graduate of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, he has authored just under 500 publications including six books. Mr. van Dijk, former director of the University of Texas Health Science Center Medical School's Graphic Communications Group, has devoted 50 years to biomedical communications and is a national expert in that field...
October 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691733/health-disparities-impact-expected-treatment-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-nationally
#3
Waseem Lutfi, Mazen S Zenati, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh, Melissa E Hogg
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: National adherence to treatment guidelines for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a concern. This study aims to evaluate national expected treatment (ET) adherence for all PDAC stages. We hypothesized that both patient and hospital demographics are associated with national ET disparities for PDAC. METHODS: Clinical stage I through IV PDAC patients were evaluated using the National Cancer Data Base from 2004 to 2013. ET was defined as surgery for stage I/II, chemotherapy or radiation for stage III, and chemotherapy for stage IV...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655876/tolerance-of-uncertainty-a-systematic-review-of-health-and-healthcare-related-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Tania D Strout, Marij Hillen, Caitlin Gutheil, Eric Anderson, Rebecca Hutchinson, Hannah Ward, Hannah Kay, Gregory J Mills, Paul K J Han
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty tolerance (UT) is thought to be a characteristic of individuals that influences various outcomes related to health, healthcare, and healthcare education. We undertook a systematic literature review to evaluate the state of the evidence on UT and its relationship to these outcomes. METHODS: We conducted electronic and bibliographic searches to identify relevant studies examining associations between UT and health, healthcare, or healthcare education outcomes...
April 6, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559822/taxonomic-annotation-of-public-fungal-its-sequences-from-the-built-environment-a-report-from-an-april-10-11-2017-workshop-aberdeen-uk
#5
R Henrik Nilsson, Andy F S Taylor, Rachel I Adams, Christiane Baschien, Johan Bengtsson-Palme, Patrik Cangren, Claudia Coleine, Heide-Marie Daniel, Sydney I Glassman, Yuuri Hirooka, Laszlo Irinyi, Reda Iršėnaitė, Pedro M Martin-Sanchez, Wieland Meyer, Seung-Yoon Oh, Jose Paulo Sampaio, Keith A Seifert, Frantisek Sklenář, Dirk Stubbe, Sung-Oui Suh, Richard Summerbell, Sten Svantesson, Martin Unterseher, Cobus M Visagie, Michael Weiss, Joyce Hc Woudenberg, Christian Wurzbacher, Silke Van den Wyngaert, Neriman Yilmaz, Andrey Yurkov, Urmas Kõljalg, Kessy Abarenkov
Recent DNA-based studies have shown that the built environment is surprisingly rich in fungi. These indoor fungi - whether transient visitors or more persistent residents - may hold clues to the rising levels of human allergies and other medical and building-related health problems observed globally. The taxonomic identity of these fungi is crucial in such pursuits. Molecular identification of the built mycobiome is no trivial undertaking, however, given the large number of unidentified, misidentified, and technically compromised fungal sequences in public sequence databases...
2018: MycoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545684/association-between-knee-extensor-strength-and-pulmonary-function-in-the-female-elderly
#6
Jaeseok Lee, Dongwook Han
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to study the impact of knee extensor strength, which is an index of the degree of physical activity on lung capacity in older women. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-three older women who participated in the exercise program hosted by a senior citizen center and S University located in Busan. Force vital capacity (FVC) was measured with digital spirometry (Pony FX, COSMED Inc., Italy). Three rounds of measurements were taken for each participant, with one-minute rests between the tests...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387453/advancing-care-for-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-through-caregiver-and-community-partnerships
#7
Carole L White, Kristen J Overbaugh, Carolyn E Z Pickering, Bridgett Piernik-Yoder, Debbie James, Darpan I Patel, Frank Puga, Lark Ford, James Cleveland
Background: There are currently 15 million Americans who provide over 80% of the care required by their family members with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. Yet care for caregivers continues to be fragmented and few evidence-based interventions have been translated into routine clinical care and therefore remain inaccessible to most family caregivers. To address this gap, the Caring for the Caregiver program is being developed at UT Health San Antonio, School of Nursing to improve support services and health outcomes for family caregivers...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334316/potential-therapeutic-and-economic-value-of-risk-stratified-treatment-as-initial-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma-in-europe
#8
Jennifer G Gaultney, Therese W Ng, Carin A Uyl-de Groot, Pieter Sonneveld, Erik H van Beers, Martin H van Vliet, William K Redekop
Biomarkers associated with prognosis in multiple myeloma (MM) can be used to stratify patients into risk categories. An attractive alternative to uniform treatment (UT), risk-stratified treatment (RST) is proposed where high-risk patients receive bortezomib-based regimens while standard-risk patients receive alternative less costly regimens. An early Markov-type decision analytic model evaluated the potential therapeutic and economic value of different RST strategies compared with UT in MM patients in key European countries...
February 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276288/hazardous-drug-contamination-of-drug-preparation-devices-and-staff-a-contamination-study-simulating-the-use-of-chemotherapy-drugs-in-a-clinical-setting
#9
Evan Call, Brian Bill, Chad McLean, Nathan Call, Allyn Bernkopf, Craig Oberg
Background: Hazardous drug contamination (HD) in healthcare environments continues, placing healthcare staff at risk of significantly chronic health problems, despite the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and closed system transfer device systems (CSTDs). Objective: This study's aim was to determine how HD might spread through touch after handling contaminated vials in simulated pharmacy and nursing environments. Methods: UV fluorescent powder Glo Germ (Glo Germ Co., Moab, UT), composed of melamine resin, was used to simulate HD...
September 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251285/use-of-a-smartphone-application-for-prompting-oral-medication-adherence-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#10
Yelena P Wu, Lauri A Linder, Patsaporn Kanokvimankul, Brynn Fowler, Bridget G Parsons, Catherine F Macpherson, Rebecca H Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and acceptability of use of a smartphone medication reminder application to promote adherence to oral medications among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer.
. SAMPLE & SETTING: 23 AYAs with cancer from a Children's Oncology Group-affiliated children's hospital and a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center in Salt Lake City, UT.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: Participants were asked to use the application for eight weeks...
January 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195492/correction-to-exposure-to-a-community-wide-campaign-is-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-hispanic-adults-on-the-texas-mexico-border
#11
Natalia I Heredia, MinJae Lee, Belinda M Reininger
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that there is an acknowledgement missing. The authors would like to add the following - "The authors would like to thank the staff and community partners who work to implement the activities of the community wide campaign. In particular we would like to thank Lisa Mitchell-Bennett, Vanessa Saldana, Jennifer Mota, Sister Phylis Peters and the team of community health workers at UT Health and Proyecto Juan Diego who were involved in planning and gathering data...
December 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114347/examining-critical-factors-affecting-graduate-retention-from-an-emergency-training-program-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study-of-stakeholder-perspectives
#12
Meredith Kuipers, Amira Eapen, Joel Lockwood, Sara Berman, Samuel Vaillancourt, James Maskalyk, Aklilu Azazh, Megan Landes
Background: In Ethiopia, improvement and innovation of the emergency care system is hindered by lack of specialist doctors trained in emergency medicine, underdeveloped emergency care infrastructure, and resource limitations. Our aim was to examine the critical factors affecting retention of graduates from the Addis Ababa University (AAU) post-graduate emergency medicine (EM) training program within the Ethiopian health care system. Methods: One post-graduate trainee and one program manager from the AAU and the University of Toronto (UT) partnership conducted qualitative interviews with current AAU EM residents and stakeholders in Ethiopian EM...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101989/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-radiologic-management-of-central-venous-access
#13
Colette M Shaw, Shrenik Shah, Baljendra S Kapoor, Thomas R Cain, Drew M Caplin, Khashayar Farsad, M-Grace Knuttinen, Margaret H Lee, Joseph J McBride, Jeet Minocha, Elizabeth V Robilotti, Paul J Rochon, Richard Strax, Elrond Y L Teo, Jonathan M Lorenz
Obtaining central venous access is one of the most commonly performed procedures in hospital settings. Multiple devices such as peripherally inserted central venous catheters, tunneled central venous catheters (eg, Hohn catheter, Hickman catheter, C. R. Bard, Inc, Salt Lake City UT), and implantable ports are available for this purpose. The device selected for central venous access depends on the clinical indication, duration of the treatment, and associated comorbidities. It is important for health care providers to familiarize themselves with the types of central venous catheters available, including information about their indications, contraindications, and potential complications, especially the management of catheters in the setting of catheter-related bloodstream infections...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964869/anti-proliferative-and-pro-apoptotic-effects-of-uncaria-tomentosa-aqueous-extract-in-squamous-carcinoma-cells
#14
Francesca Ciani, Simona Tafuri, Annaelena Troiano, Alessio Cimmino, Bianca Saveria Fioretto, Andrea Maria Guarino, Alessandra Pollice, Maria Vivo, Antonio Evidente, Domenico Carotenuto, Viola Calabrò
Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC. (Rubiacee), also known as uña de gato, is a plant that grows wild in the upper Amazon region of Peru and has been widely used in folk medicine to treat several health conditions including cancer. We have produced an aqueous extract from Uncaria tomentosa (UT-ex) and analyzed its effects on squamous carcinoma cells and immortalized HaCaT keratinocytes. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells arising in the skin's squamous layer of epidermis. When detected at an early stage, SCCs are almost curable, however, if left untreated, they can penetrate the underlying tissue and become disfiguring...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863237/a-prospective-analysis-evaluating-tissue-biopsy-location-and-its-clinical-relevance-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#15
Ava R Weibman, Julia He Huang, Whitney W Stevens, Lydia A Suh, Caroline P E Price, Alcina K Lidder, David B Conley, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie Shintani-Smith, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Atsushi Kato, Robert C Kern, Robert P Schleimer, Bruce K Tan
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) has a high propensity for recurrence. Studies suggest that eosinophilia influences disease severity and surgical outcomes, but the selection of sinonasal site for measuring eosinophilia has not been examined. The aim of this study was to investigate how region-specific tissue eosinophilia affects radiographic severity, comorbidity prevalence, and polyp recurrence risk following sinus surgery. METHODS: Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) levels in uncinate tissue (UT) and nasal polyp (NP) homogenates from 116 CRSwNP patients were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
November 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816541/variability-in-thyroid-cancer-management-and-prognosis-among-hispanic-versus-non-hispanic-patients-17-years-data-from-university-of-texas-health-science-center-and-university-health-system-at-san-antonio
#16
Sara Ahmadi, Carol Ramirez Rojas, Maria Luisa Policarpio-Nicolas, Darlene Metter, Diane Avery, Thomas J Prihoda, Mona M Sabra
Abstracts: Objective : Given the increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer in the United States, and it's potential public health implications, patient studies assessing ethnic, disparity and health care access are important. In this study, we retrospectively examined the variability in stage of thyroid cancer at presentation and final outcome among Hispanic vs non-Hispanic patients. METHOD: After obtaining IRB approval, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 220 adult patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC) who were treated at UT Health Science Center San Antonio between1996 and 2013...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761794/newly-incident-cannabis-use-in-the-united-states-2002-2011-a-regional-and-state-level-benchmark
#17
Jacob P Leinweber, Hui G Cheng, Catalina Lopez-Quintero, James C Anthony
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use and cannabis regulatory policies recently re-surfaced as noteworthy global research and social media topics, including claims that Mexicans have been sending cannabis and other drug supplies through a porous border into the United States. These circumstances prompted us to conduct an epidemiological test of whether the states bordering Mexico had exceptionally large cannabis incidence rates for 2002-2011. The resulting range of cannabis incidence rates disclosed here can serve as 2002-2011 benchmark values against which estimates from later years can be compared...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735787/chemical-physical-properties-and-apatite-forming-ability-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-flow
#18
Bruno Martini Guimarães, Rodrigo Ricci Vivan, Bruno Piazza, Murilo Priori Alcalde, Clovis Monteiro Bramante, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to analyze the chemical-physical properties, including pH, volumetric change, radiopacity, and apatite-forming ability in simulated body fluid, of a new tricalcium silicate material (MTA Flow; Ultradent Products Inc, South Jordan, UT). METHODS: MTA Flow was tested in comparison with MTA Angelus (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil). The pH of soaking water was tested up to 168 hours in deionized water. In the solubility test, the root-end fillings of 20 acrylic teeth were scanned twice by micro-computed tomographic imaging before and after immersion in ultrapure water for 168 hours...
October 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619124/multiplex-tests-to-identify-gastrointestinal-bacteria-viruses-and-parasites-in-people-with-suspected-infectious-gastroenteritis-a-systematic-review-and-economic-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Karoline Freeman, Hema Mistry, Alexander Tsertsvadze, Pam Royle, Noel McCarthy, Sian Taylor-Phillips, Rohini Manuel, James Mason
BACKGROUND: Gastroenteritis is a common, transient disorder usually caused by infection and characterised by the acute onset of diarrhoea. Multiplex gastrointestinal pathogen panel (GPP) tests simultaneously identify common bacterial, viral and parasitic pathogens using molecular testing. By providing test results more rapidly than conventional testing methods, GPP tests might positively influence the treatment and management of patients presenting in hospital or in the community. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence for GPP tests [xTAG® (Luminex, Toronto, ON, Canada), FilmArray (BioFire Diagnostics, Salt Lake City, UT, USA) and Faecal Pathogens B (AusDiagnostics, Beaconsfield, NSW, Australia)] and to develop a de novo economic model to compare the cost-effectiveness of GPP tests with conventional testing in England and Wales...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500043/potential-for-waterborne-and-invertebrate-transmission-of-west-nile-virus-in-the-great-salt-lake-utah
#20
Melissa Lund, Valerie Shearn-Bochsler, Robert J Dusek, Jan Shivers, Erik Hofmeister
In November and December of 2013, a large mortality event involving 15,000 to 20,000 eared grebes ( Podiceps nigricollis ) occurred at the Great Salt Lake (GSL), UT. The onset of the outbreak in grebes was followed by a mortality event in >86 bald eagles ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus ). During the die-off, West Nile virus (WNV) was detected by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) or viral culture in the carcasses of grebes and eagles submitted to the National Wildlife Health Center. However, no activity of mosquitoes, the primary vectors of WNV, was detected by the State of Utah's WNV monitoring program...
July 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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