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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500043/potential-for-water-borne-and-invertebrate-transmission-of-west-nile-virus-in-the-great-salt-lake-utah
#1
Melissa Lund, Valerie Shearn-Bochsler, Robert J Dusek, Jan Shivers, Erik Hofmeister
In November and December of 2013, a large mortality event involving 15,000 - 20,000 eared grebes (Podiceps nigricollis) occurred at the Great Salt Lake (GSL), UT. The onset of the outbreak in grebes was followed by a mortality event in > 86 bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus). During the die-off, West Nile virus (WNV) was detected by RT-PCR or viral culture in carcasses of grebes and eagles submitted to the National Wildlife Health Center. However, no mosquito activity, the primary vector of WNV, was detected by the State of Utah's WNV monitoring program...
May 12, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498862/severity-and-duration-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-dfu-before-seeking-care-as-predictors-of-healing-time-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Hilde Smith-Strøm, Marjolein M Iversen, Jannicke Igland, Truls Østbye, Marit Graue, Svein Skeie, Bei Wu, Berit Rokne
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether A) duration of ulcer before start of treatment in specialist health care, and B) severity of ulcer according to University of Texas classification system (UT) at start of treatment (baseline), are independent predictors of healing time. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study, based on electronic medical record data, included 105 patients from two outpatient clinics in Western Norway with a new diabetic foot ulcer during 2009-2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415084/p260right-cardiac-chambers-remodeling-in-marathon-and-ultra-trail-athletes-detected-by-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#3
K Ujka, R M Bruno, B Catuzzo, L Bastiani, A Tonacci, G D'angelo, S Mrakic-Sposta, A Vezzoli, G Giardini, L Pratali
Background: Strenuous and chronic exercise training can have detrimental effects on cardiac morphology and function. Our aim was to evaluate the cardiac adaptation between 2 different specialties' endurance athletes: marathon runners (M) and ultra-trailers (UT). Methods: 47 M (age 45±7, men 32; training: 18 (9-53) years*days/week), 41 UT (age 42±9, men 38, training: 30 (15-66) years*days/week) were submitted in rest condition to conventional 2D echocardiography and Speckle-Tracking echo (STE) (Beyond Diogenes 2...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367389/the-effect-of-volunteering-at-a-student-run-free-healthcare-clinic-on-medical-students-self-efficacy-comfortableness-attitude-and-interest-in-working-with-the-underserved-population-and-interest-in-primary-care
#4
Kelvin Tran, Aleksandr Kovalskiy, Anand Desai, Amna Imran, Rahim Ismail, Caridad Hernandez
INTRODUCTION: The number of primary care physicians in the United States continues to lag behind the number of uninsured people. There has been a growing demand for medical students to improve their self-efficacy, comfortableness, attitude, and interest in working with the underserved and in primary care. This study aims to discern whether volunteering at a student-run, free healthcare clinic has a positive impact on these five variables of interest or not. METHODS: A 95-item survey was distributed through Qualtrics Survey Software (Qualtrics, Provo, UT, USA) to medical students from the Class of 2018 and Class of 2019 at the University of Central Florida College of Medicine...
February 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325799/a-proposal-for-an-out-of-range-glycemic-population-health-safety-measure-for-older-adults-with-diabetes
#5
Leonard Pogach, Chin-Lin Tseng, Orysya Soroka, Miriam Maney, David Aron
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient-level glycemic control and facility variation of a proposed out-of-range (OOR) measure (overtreatment [OT] [HbA1c <7% (53 mmol/mol)] or undertreatment [UT] [>9% (75 mmol/mol)]) compared with the standard measure (SM) (HbA1c <8% [64 mmol/mol]) in high-risk older adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Veterans Health Administration patients ≥65 years of age in 2012 who were taking antihyperglycemic agents in 2013 were identified...
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324792/tolerance-of-uncertainty-conceptual-analysis-integrative-model-and-implications-for-healthcare
#6
REVIEW
Marij A Hillen, Caitlin M Gutheil, Tania D Strout, Ellen M A Smets, Paul K J Han
RATIONALE: Uncertainty tolerance (UT) is an important, well-studied phenomenon in health care and many other important domains of life, yet its conceptualization and measurement by researchers in various disciplines have varied substantially and its essential nature remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) analyze the meaning and logical coherence of UT as conceptualized by developers of UT measures, and 2) develop an integrative conceptual model to guide future empirical research regarding the nature, causes, and effects of UT...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316051/pathogenic-multiple-antimicrobial-resistant-escherichia-coli-serotypes-in-recreational-waters-of-mumbai-india-a-potential-public-health-risk
#7
Aayushi Maloo, Abhay B Fulke, Najmuddin Mulani, Soniya Sukumaran, Anirudh Ram
Globally, coastal waters have emerged into a pool of antibiotic resistance genes and multiple antibiotic resistant microorganisms, and pathogenicity of these resistant microorganisms in terms of serotypes and virulence genes has made the environment vulnerable. The current study underscores the presence of multiple antibiotic resistant pathogenic serotypes and pathotypes of Escherichia coli, the predominant faecal indicator bacteria (FIB), in surface water and sediment samples of famous recreational beaches (Juhu, Versova, Mahim, Dadar, and Girgaon) of Mumbai...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267687/hypertension-s-3-dilemmas-and-3-solutions-pharmacology-of-the-kidney-in-hypertension
#8
William A Pettinger
The Hypertension Community has 3 conflicting dilemmas: a goal systolic pressure of 120 mm Hg or less (the SPRINT Trials), 40% of our 60,000,000 hypertensives still sustain blood pressures above 140/90 mm Hg, and our most potent antihypertensive drug minoxidil sits on the sidelines, imprisoned in the Food and Drug Administration's Black Box designation. My solutions to these dilemmas are: (1) review of the facts of our most potent antihypertensive drug minoxidil which is essentially free of toxicity, (2) treatment focus on the fundamental cause of high blood pressure, that is excess dietary sodium and, (3) prevention of, and/or reversal of, the fundamental mechanism of worsening hypertension, arteriolar hypertrophy...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235431/stakeholder-education-and-community-mobilization-garner-support-for-sex-education
#9
Kristen Plastino, Jennie Quinlan, Jennifer Todd, Heather D Tevendale
PURPOSE: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio UT Teen Health (UTTH) implemented a community-wide teen pregnancy prevention (TPP) initiative in south San Antonio. This article describes how UTTH staff educated community stakeholders and mobilized community members to support implementation of evidence-based TPP interventions. METHODS: UTTH educated key stakeholders about the need for TPP efforts, strong local support for such efforts, and the value of evidence-based interventions (EBIs)...
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042258/dental-prosthetic-status-and-treatment-needs-of-adult-population-in-jizan-saudi-arabia-a-survey-report
#10
Syed Ali Peeran, Fuad Al Sanabani, Bandar M A Al-Makramani, Elfatih Ibrahim Elamin
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate and compare the dental prosthetic status and treatment needs of adult population in Jizan, Saudi Arabia, in relation to the age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1779 people aged 35-74 years from 4 survey areas (Hay al matar, Mahata khams, Dara ut tawhid, and Suq ad dakhili) selected through convenient sampling, around Jizan University, were surveyed, using the WHO survey criteria, 1997. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Number and percentages were calculated, and univariate analysis was performed using Chi-square test at 5% level of significance...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000683/elemental-analysis-of-infant-airborne-particulate-exposures
#11
Chantel D Sloan, Frank X Weber, Rebecca K Bradshaw, Tyler J Philipp, W Bradford Barber, Vanessa L Palmer, Robert J Graul, Steven C Tuttle, Ryan T Chartier, James D Johnston
Air pollution is hypothesized to have negative impacts on infant pulmonary health because of infants' increased rates of respiration and ongoing lung development. The severity and type of impact may differ depending on elemental concentrations. We conducted a study of 21 infants <6 months old whose parents carried a small personal particulate monitoring device (RTI MicroPEM) and GPS unit with the infant for 7 days in January and February 2015. The study area was Utah County, UT, USA. Real-time particulate exposure levels, as well as optical density and elemental analysis of the particulate matter (PM), were compared with levels from an outdoor stationary monitor...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972219/quality-of-life-qol-and-health-utility-ut-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-dm2-receiving-different-oral-hypoglycemic-therapy-in-a-real-world-setting
#12
T Ionova, T Nikitina, A Rodionova, K Kurbatova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902557/stiffness-after-pan-lumbar-arthrodesis-for-adult-spinal-deformity-does-not-significantly-impact-patient-functional-status-or-satisfaction-irrespective-of-proximal-endpoint
#13
Robert A Hart, Jayme Hiratzka, Marie S Kane, Virginie Lafage, Eric Klineberg, Christopher P Ames, Breton G Line, Frank Schwab, Justin K Scheer, Shay Bess, D Kojo Hamilton, Christopher I Shaffrey, Greg Mundis, Justin S Smith, Douglas C Burton, Daniel M Sciubba, Vedat Deviren, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multi-center OBJECTIVE.: To determine if stiffness significantly affects function or satisfaction after pan-lumbar arthrodesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The Lumbar Stiffness Disability Index (LSDI) is a validated measure of the effect of lumbar stiffness on functional activities. Data suggests that patients undergoing fusion of the entire lumbar spine are at greatest risk of functional limitations from stiffness. METHODS: The LSDI, Short Form 36 (SF-36), Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22), and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were administered pre-operatively and at 2-year minimum follow-up to 103 spinal deformity patients from 11 centers...
November 29, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731901/cycling-exercise-classes-may-be-bad-for-your-hearing-health
#14
Sumi Sinha, Elliott D Kozin, Matthew R Naunheim, Samuel R Barber, Kevin Wong, Leanna W Katz, Tiffany M N Otero, Ishmael J M Stefanov-Wagner, Aaron K Remenschneider
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: 1) Determine feasibility of smartphone-based mobile technology to measure noise exposure; and 2) measure noise exposure in exercise spin classes. STUDY DESIGN: Observational Study. METHODS: The SoundMeter Pro app (Faber Acoustical, Salt Lake City, UT) was installed and calibrated on iPhone and iPod devices in an audiology chamber using an external sound level meter to within 2 dBA of accuracy. Recording devices were placed in the bike cupholders of participants attending spin classes in Boston, Massachusetts (n = 17) and used to measure sound level (A-weighted) and noise dosimetry during exercise according to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) guidelines...
October 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730795/do-legal-issues-deserve-space-in-specialty-medical-journals
#15
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620940/location-of-fatal-prescription-opioid-related-deaths-in-12-states-2008-2010-implications-for-prevention-programs
#16
Keith W Easterling, Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones
INTRODUCTION: Prescription opioid pain reliever overdose is a major public health issue in the United States. To characterize the location of drug-related deaths, we examined fatal prescription opioid and illicit drug-related deaths reported in 12 states. METHODS: Data are from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN). Medical examiners or coroners in 12 states (MA, MD, ME, NH, NM, OK, OR, RI, UT, VA, VT, WV) reported details of state-wide drug-related mortality during 2008-2010...
September 2016: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590731/uncaria-tomentosa-extract-alters-the-catabolism-of-adenine-nucleotides-and-expression-of-ecto-5-nucleotidase-cd73-and-p2x7-and-a1-receptors-in-the-mda-mb-231-cell-line
#17
Karen Freitas Santos, Jessié Martins Gutierres, Micheli Mainardi Pillat, Vitor Braga Rissi, Maria do Carmo Dos Santos Araújo, Gustavo Bertol, Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves, Maria Rosa Chitolina Schetinger, Vera Maria Morsch
ETHOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC. (Rubiaceae) (Ut), also known as cat's claw, is a woody liana widely spread throughout the Amazon rainforest of Central and South America, containing many chemical constituents such as oxindole alkaloids, which are responsible for various biological activities. Since ancient times, the indigenous people of Peru have used it as a bark infusion for the treatment of a wide range of health problems gastric ulcers, arthritis and rheumatism...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583786/increased-gonorrhea-cases-utah-2009-2014
#18
Joanna Watson, Jerry Carlile, Angela Dunn, Megan Evans, Erin Fratto, Joel Hartsell, Lynn Meinor, Matthew Mietchen, Allyn Nakashima
Gonorrhea (caused by infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae) is the second most commonly reported notifiable disease in the United States (1). Left untreated, gonorrhea is associated with serious long-term adverse health effects, including pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Infection also facilitates transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (2,3). Effective gonorrhea control relies upon early detection and effective antimicrobial treatment. To assess gonorrhea rate trends in Utah, the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) analyzed Utah National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (UT-NEDSS) data for the state during 2009-2014...
September 2, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552694/assessment-of-metal-and-bacterial-contamination-in-cultivated-fish-and-impact-on-human-health-for-residents-living-in-the-mekong-delta
#19
Penradee Chanpiwat, Suthipong Sthiannopkao, Kenneth Widmer, Seiichiro Himeno, Hideki Miyataka, Ngoc-Ut Vu, Van-Viet Tran, Thi-Tuyet-Ngan Pham
Fish is the main source of animal protein and micronutrients for inhabitants in the lower Mekong River basin. Consumption of fish in the basin ranges from 41 to 51 kg capita(-1) year(-1). Thus, concerns of human health impacts caused by daily intake of metals contained in fish, and the incidence of bacterial contamination from Listeria and Escherichia coli have been raised. This study was conducted to 1) determine concentrations of metals, fecal indicator organisms, and Listeria spp. in cultivated common diet fish, and 2) assess human health risks as results of fish consumption on a daily basis...
November 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533250/patients-with-urothelial-carcinoma-have-poor-renal-outcome-regardless-of-whether-they-receive-nephrouretectomy
#20
Peir-Haur Hung, Hung-Bin Tsai, Kuan-Yu Hung, Chih-Hsin Muo, Mu-Chi Chung, Chao-Hsiang Chang, Chi-Jung Chung
The association between urothelial carcinoma (UC) and subsequent ESRD incidence has not been confirmed. This was a population-based study using claims data from the Taiwan National Health Institutes from 1998 to 2010. The study cohort consisted of 26,017 patients with newly diagnosed UC and no history of ESRD, and the comparison cohort consisted of 208,136 matched enrollees without UC. The incidence of ESRD was ascertained through cross-referencing with a registry for catastrophic illnesses. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to estimate the risk of ESRD associated with UC and UC subtype...
September 20, 2016: Oncotarget
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