keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Entamoeba histolytica

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335696/development-and-initial-evaluation-of-a-lateral-flow-dipstick-test-for-antigen-detection-of-entamoeba-histolytica-in-stool-sample
#1
Syazwan Saidin, Muhammad Hafiznur Yunus, Nurulhasanah Othman, Yvonne Ai-Lian Lim, Zeehaida Mohamed, Nik Zairi Zakaria, Rahmah Noordin
Entamoeba histolytica infection remains a public health concern in developing countries. Early diagnosis of amoebiasis can avoid disease complications, thus this study was aimed at developing a test that can rapidly detect the parasite antigens in stool samples. Rabbits were individually immunized with recombinant pyruvate phosphate dikinase (rPPDK) and E. histolytica excretory-secretory antigens to produce polyclonal antibodies. A rapid dipstick test was produced using anti-rPPDK PAb lined on the dipstick as capture reagent and anti-EhESA PAb conjugated to colloidal gold as the detector reagent...
March 24, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317870/structural-and-functional-studies-of-a-noncanonical-dicer-from-entamoeba-histolytica
#2
Xiang Yu, Xuhang Li, Lina Zheng, Jinbiao Ma, Jianhua Gan
RNaseIII proteins are dsRNA-specific endonucleases involved in many important biological processes, such as small RNA processing and maturation in eukaryotes. Various small RNAs have been identified in a protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. EhRNaseIII is the only RNaseIII endonuclease domain (RIIID)-containing protein in E. histolytica. Here, we present three crystal structures that reveal several unique structural features of EhRNaseIII, especially the interactions between the two helixes (α1 and α7) flanking the RIIID core domain...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302528/association-between-enteric-protozoan-parasites-and-gastrointestinal-illness-among-hiv-and-tuberculosis-infected-individuals-in-the-chowke-district-southern-mozambique
#3
María José Irisarri-Gutiérrez, Marta Hernández-de Mingo, Aida de Lucio, Horacio Gil, Lucía Morales, Raimundo Seguí, Edy Nacarapa, Carla Muñoz-Antolí, Fernando Jorge Bornay-Llinares, José Guillermo Esteban, David Carmena
Human immune deficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) infections remain major public health issues globally, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Impairment of both cell-mediated and humoral immunity by HIV and/or TB infections may limit the host's defences against other pathogens, including the diarrheagenic protozoan Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia intestinalis, and Entamoeba histolytica. During September-December 2015 a cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence and molecular diversity of these enteric parasites among HIV- and/or TB-infected patients at a medical reference centre in Chowke district, southern Mozambique...
March 14, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293543/the-tudor-staphylococcal-nuclease-protein-of-entamoeba-histolytica-participates-in-transcription-regulation-and-stress-response
#4
Javier Cázares-Apátiga, Christian Medina-Gómez, Bibiana Chávez-Munguía, Mercedes Calixto-Gálvez, Esther Orozco, Carlos Vázquez-Calzada, Aarón Martínez-Higuera, Mario A Rodríguez
Entamoeba histolytica is the protozoa parasite responsible of human amoebiasis, disease that causes from 40,000 to 100,000 deaths annually worldwide. However, few are known about the expression regulation of molecules involved in its pathogenicity. Transcription of some virulence-related genes is positively controlled by the cis-regulatory element named URE1. Previously we identified the transcription factor that binds to URE1, which displayed a nuclear and cytoplasmic localization. This protein belongs to the Tudor Staphyococcal nuclease (TSN) family, which in other systems participates in virtually all pathways of gene expression, suggesting that this amoebic transcription factor (EhTSN; former EhURE1BP) could also play multiple functions in E...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287148/behavior-of-dna-lacking-mitochondria-in-entamoeba-histolytica-revealed-by-organelle-transplant
#5
Makoto Kazama, Sanae Ogiwara, Takashi Makiuchi, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Kumiko Nakada-Tsukui, Tomoyoshi Nozaki, Hiroshi Tachibana
The anaerobic protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica has mitosomes that are mitochondria lacking some canonical functions and organelle DNA. Mitosomes play an important role in the life cycle of the parasite. The distribution of proteins in mitosomes is not uniform, and how mitosomes are maintained and retained is unknown. To answer these questions, we developed a transplant method for mitosomes with hemagglutinin-tagged protein into recipient cells containing mitosomes with Myc-tagged protein. Immunofluorescence staining showed that the two protein tags colocalized in single mitosomes in some recipient cells...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273080/geospatial-distribution-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-and-its-association-with-social-determinants
#6
Clarissa Perez Faria, Graziela Maria Zanini, Gisele Silva Dias, Sidnei da Silva, Marcelo Bessa de Freitas, Ricardo Almendra, Paula Santana, Maria do Céu Sousa
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections remain among the most common infectious diseases worldwide. This study aimed to estimate their prevalence and provide a detailed analysis of geographical distribution of intestinal parasites in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro, considering demographic, socio-economic, and epidemiological contextual factors. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The cross-section survey was conducted among individuals attending the Evandro Chagas National Institute of Infectious Diseases (FIOCRUZ, RJ) during the period from April 2012 to February 2015...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246365/role-of-eosinophils-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-interleukin-25-mediated-protection-from-amebic-colitis
#7
Zannatun Noor, Koji Watanabe, Mayuresh M Abhyankar, Stacey L Burgess, Erica L Buonomo, Carrie A Cowardin, William A Petri
The parasite Entamoeba histolytica is a cause of diarrhea in infants in low-income countries. Previously, it was shown that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) production was associated with increased risk of E. histolytica diarrhea in children. Interleukin-25 (IL-25) is a cytokine that is produced by intestinal epithelial cells that has a role in maintenance of gut barrier function and inhibition of TNF-α production. IL-25 expression was decreased in humans and in the mouse model of amebic colitis. Repletion of IL-25 blocked E...
February 28, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229045/occurrence-of-giardia-cryptosporidium-and-entamoeba-in-wild-rhesus%C3%A2-macaques-macaca-mulatta-living-in-urban-and-semi-rural-north-west-india
#8
John J Debenham, Kristoffer Tysnes, Sandhya Khunger, Lucy J Robertson
Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp., and Entamoeba spp. are intestinal protozoa capable of infecting a range of host species, and are important causes of human morbidity and mortality. Understanding their epidemiology is important, both for public health and for the health of the animals they infect. This study investigated the occurrence of these protozoans in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) in India, with the aim of providing preliminary information on the potential for transmission of these pathogens between macaques and humans...
April 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224032/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-in-referred-individuals-to-the-medical-centers-of-tonekabon-city-mazandaran-province
#9
Samira Shahdoust, Maryam Niyyati, Ali Haghighi, Eznoallah Azargashb, Mohammad Reza Khataminejad
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and their relation with socio-demographic data in referred individuals to the medical centers in Tonekabon, Mazandaran province, 2015. BACKGROUND: Due to the climatic and ecological conditions in Mazandaran province, determination of the status of intestinal parasites among referred individuals to the medical centers of Tonekabon city can help researchers and healthcare services to prevent and/or control of parasitic infection in this region...
December 2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222400/antiprotozoal-antimycobacterial-and-anti-inflammatory-evaluation-of-cnidoscolus-chayamansa-mc-vaugh-extract-and-the-isolated-compounds
#10
Mariana Z Pérez-González, Gabriel A Gutiérrez-Rebolledo, Lilián Yépez-Mulia, Irma S Rojas-Tomé, Julieta Luna-Herrera, María A Jiménez-Arellanes
Cnidoscolus chayamansa is a medicinal and edible plant known as Chaya, is commonly used as an anti-inflammatory, antiprotozoal, antibacterial agent and as a remedy for respiratory illness, gastrointestinal disorders, and vaginal infections related with the inflammation process. In this paper, we describe the plant's phytochemical analysis and biological activities (antimycobacterial, antibacterial, antiprotozoal, and anti-inflammatory properties) of the CHCl3:MeOH (1:1) leaves extract and isolated compounds, as well as the acute and sub-acute toxic effects...
February 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216899/antiprotozoal-constituents-from-annona-cherimola-miller-a-plant-used-in-mexican-traditional-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-diarrhea-and-dysentery
#11
Fernando Calzada, Jose Correa-Basurto, Elizabeth Barbosa, David Mendez-Luna, Lilian Yepez-Mulia
BACKGROUND: Annona cherimola Miller (Annonaceae) is a medicinal plant frequently recommended in Mexican traditional medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea and dysentery. OBJECTIVE: This work was undertaken to obtain information that support the traditional use of A. cherimola, on pharmacological basis using in vitro and computational experiments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bioassay-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract of the leaves of A...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186296/entamoeba-histolytica-encoded-homolog-of-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-contributes-to-mucosal-inflammation-during-amebic-colitis
#12
Renay Ngobeni, Mayuresh M Abhyankar, Nona M Jiang, Laura A Farr, Amidou Samie, Rashidul Haque, Shannon N Moonah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182579/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-newer-1-3-4-oxadiazoles-incorporated-with-benzothiazepine-and-benzodiazepine-moieties
#13
Patel Navin, Patel Sarvil, Purohit Amit, Patel Divyesh, Rajani Dhansukh, Rosa Moo-Puc, Gildardo Rivera
A series of thiazepines and diazepines having 1,3,4-oxadiazole moiety were synthesized, and they were analyzed for their in vitro antimicrobial activity against several bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and fungi (Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus Clavatus) and protozoa (Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania mexicana). Few of the selected compounds were tested for their antitubercular activity...
March 1, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180910/-ambiguous-hepatic-mass-and-fever-after-stay-in-turkey
#14
J Mueller, S Dagenbach, B Riecken, C Klinger
We report the case of a 76-year old female patient with a hepatic mass after staying in eastern Turkey. There were no indices for malignancy or an infection with Echinococcus or Entamoeba histolytica. Finally we diagnosed a Fascioliasis (liver fluke) and cured the patient successfully.
February 8, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167597/epidemiology-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-and-intestinal-protozoan-infections-in-preschool-aged-children-in-the-amhara-region-of-ethiopia
#15
Kristen Aiemjoy, Sintayehu Gebresillasie, Nicole E Stoller, Ayalew Shiferaw, Zerihun Tadesse, Melsew Chanyalew, Solomon Aragie, Kelly Callahan, Jeremy D Keenan
Intestinal parasites are important contributors to global morbidity and mortality and are the second most common cause of outpatient morbidity in Ethiopia. This cross-sectional survey describes the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths and intestinal protozoa in preschool children 0-5 years of age in seven communities in the Amhara region of Ethiopia, and investigates associations between infection, household water and sanitation characteristics, and child growth. Stool samples were collected from children 0-5 years of age, 1 g of sample was preserved in sodium acetate-acetic acid-formalin, and examined for intestinal helminth eggs and protozoa cysts ether-concentration method...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151567/first-molecular-epidemiology-of-entamoeba-histolytica-e-dispar-and-e-moshkovskii-infections-in-yemen-different-species-specific-associated-risk-factors
#16
Mona A Al-Areeqi, Hany Sady, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Tengku Shahrul Anuar, Abdulelah H Al-Adhroey, Wahib M Atroosh, Salwa Dawaki, Fatin Nur Elyana, Nabil A Nasr, Init Ithoi, Yee-Ling Lau, Johari Surin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the molecular epidemiology of Entamoeba histolytica, E. dispar and E. moshkovskii infections among rural communities in Yemen. METHODS: In a community-based study, faecal samples were collected from 605 participants and examined by wet mount, formalin-ether sedimentation, trichrome staining and nested multiplex PCR techniques. Demographic, socio-economic and environmental information was collected using a pre-tested questionnaire. RESULTS: Overall, 324 (53...
February 2, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134428/prevalence-and-seasonal-variation-of-human-intestinal-parasites-in-patients-attending-hospital-with-abdominal-symptoms-in-northern-jordan
#17
A S Jaran
This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and their seasonal variation in northern Jordan. A total of 21 906 stool samples were collected over a period of 4 years (2009- 2013) from 5 government hospitals in 3 cities. Samples were processed and examined microscopically and by concentration methods. Parasitic infection was found in 9611 samples (44%). Giardia lamblia was the most prevalent parasite (41%) followed by Entamoeba histolytica (31%) and Ent. coli (13%); the least prevalent parasites were Ascaris lumbricoides (1%), Hymenolepis nana, Taenia sp...
January 23, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131659/sine-polymorphism-reveals-distinct-strains-of-entamoeba-histolytica-from-north-india
#18
Shraddha Sharma, Neha Banyal, Mukul Singh, A K Mandal, Sudha Bhattacharya, Jaishree Paul
Entamoeba histolytica is an intestinal parasite causing significant morbidity and mortality in the developing world. More tools are needed to understand the epidemiology and molecular pathogenesis of amebiasis. Virulence pattern of E. histolytica could be linked with the genotype of a strain. Several loci showing insertion polymorphism of retrotransposable short interspersed nuclear elements EhSINE1 and EhSINE2 have been reported among laboratory strains of E. histolytica. The present study was undertaken to validate this observation in clinical isolates from north India...
April 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126902/the-monomeric-gtpase-rab35-regulates-phagocytic-cup-formation-and-phagosomal-maturation-in-entamoeba-histolytica
#19
Kuldeep Verma, Sunando Datta
One of the hallmarks of amoebic colitis is the detection of Entamoeba histolytica (Eh) trophozoites with ingested erythrocytes. Therefore, erythrophagocytosis is traditionally considered as one of the most important criteria to identify the pathogenic behavior of the amoebic trophozoites. Phagocytosis is an essential process for the proliferation and virulence of this parasite. Phagocytic cargo, upon internalization, follows defined trafficking route to amoebic lysosomal degradation machinery. Here, we demonstrated the role of EhRab35 in the early and late phase of erythrophagocytosis by the amoeba...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100304/iron-responsive-like-elements-in-the-parasite-entamoeba-histolytica
#20
Liliana Soto-Castro, Laura Yuliana Plata-Guzman, Elisa Elvira Figueroa-Angulo, Jaeson Calla-Choque, Magda Reyes-Lopez, Mireya DE LA Garza, Nidia Leon-Sicairos, Jose Antonio Garzon-Tiznado, Rossana Arroyo, Claudia Leon-Sicairos
In Entamoeba histolytica, iron modulates virulence and gene expression via unknown regulatory mechanisms. The existence of a posttranscriptional iron regulatory system parallel to the IRE/IRP (Iron-Responsive Element/Iron Regulatory Protein) system in the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis has recently been reported. Due to their evolutionary closeness and the importance of iron for growth and virulence in these protozoa, we hypothesized the existence of an IRE/IRP-like mechanism in E. histolytica. To determine the presence of IRE-like elements in some mRNAs from this parasite, we performed in silico analyses of the 5'- and 3'-UTRs of mRNAs encoding virulence factors and cytoskeleton, ribosomal, and metabolism proteins...
January 18, 2017: Microbiology
keyword
keyword
38647
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"