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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351574/self-reported-knowledge-correct-knowledge-and-use-of-uk-drinking-guidelines-among-a-representative-sample-of-the-english-population
#1
Penny Buykx, Jessica Li, Lucy Gavens, Lucie Hooper, Elena Gomes de Matos, John Holmes
Aims: Promotion of lower risk drinking guidelines is a commonly used public health intervention with various purposes, including communicating alcohol consumption risks, informing drinkers' decision-making and, potentially, changing behaviour. UK drinking guidelines were revised in 2016. To inform potential promotion of the new guidelines, we aimed to examine public knowledge and use of the previous drinking guidelines, including by population subgroup. Methods: A demographically representative, cross-sectional online survey of 2100 adults living in England in July 2015 (i...
January 17, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351042/secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting-in-patients-born-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-20-year-follow-up
#2
Fatemeh Jabbari, Laila Wiklander, Erika Reiser, Andreas Thor, Malin Hakelius, Daniel Nowinski
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors of oral health important for the final outcome, after secondary alveolar bone grafting in patients born with unilateral cleft lip and palate and compare occlusal radiographs with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in assessment of alveolar bone height. DESIGN: Observational follow-up study. SETTING: Cleft Lip and Palate Team, Craniofacial Center, Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden. PATIENTS: 40 nonsyndromic, Caucasian patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350555/outcomes-of-latarjet-procedure-compared-with-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#3
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Gail P Parr
Reference/Citation:  An VV, Sivakumar BS, Phan K, Trantalis J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and patient-reported outcomes following two procedures for recurrent traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: Latarjet procedure vs. Bankart repair. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25(5):853-863. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Are clinical and patient-reported outcomes different between the Latarjet and Bankart repair stabilization procedures when performed for recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability? DATA SOURCES:   Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane databases, American College of Physicians Journal Club, and Database of Abstracts of Review of Effectiveness were searched up to June 2015...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350512/electronic-health-record-problem-lists-accurate-enough-for-risk-adjustment
#4
Timothy J Daskivich, Garen Abedi, Sherrie H Kaplan, Douglas Skarecky, Thomas Ahlering, Brennan Spiegel, Mark S Litwin, Sheldon Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether comorbidity information derived from electronic health record (EHR) problem lists is accurate. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 1596 men diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1998 and 2004 at 2 Southern California Veterans Affairs Medical Centers with long-term follow-up. METHODS: We compared EHR problem list-based comorbidity assessment with manual review of EHR free-text notes in terms of sensitivity and specificity for identification of major comorbidities and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) scores...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350378/eq-5d-studies-in-cardiovascular-diseases-in-eight-central-and-eastern-european-countries-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Paulina Batóg, Fanni Rencz, Márta Péntek, László Gulácsi, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Valentina Prevolnik Rupel, Judit Simon, Valentin Brodszky, Petra Baji, Jakub Závada, Guenka Petrova, Alexandru Rotar, Dominik Golicki
BACKGROUND: The measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) by validated generic instruments, such as EQ-5D, becomes an increasingly important tool for the assessment of health care in a wide range of different diagnoses. AIM: To systematically review EQ-5D literature generated in cardiovascular diseases in eight selected Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) countries. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library and the EuroQol website up to November 2016...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349250/best-worst-scaling-survey-of-preferences-regarding-the-adverse-effects-of-tobacco-use-in-china
#6
Takeshi Mori, Takahiro Tsuge
We use best-worst scaling to assess two types of concern levels of the adverse consequences of smoking in China. While the smoking cessation policy has worked well in Taiwan, more than 1 million people in mainland China are estimated to die every year from tobacco use. This study compares the preferences of Chinese individuals in the two jurisdictions (mainland versus Taiwan) and explores the possibility of information-based interventions. The relative importance of 13 adverse effects was assessed by conducting a web-based survey on a sample of 480 Chinese participants...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349229/does-gender-inequity-increase-men-s-mortality-risk-in-the-united-states-a-multilevel-analysis-of-data-from-the-national-longitudinal-mortality-study
#7
Shane A Kavanagh, Julia M Shelley, Christopher Stevenson
A number of theoretical approaches suggest that gender inequity may give rise to health risks for men. This study undertook a multilevel analysis to ascertain if state-level measures of gender inequity are predictors of men's mortality in the United States. Data for the analysis were taken primarily from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study, which is based on a random sample of the non-institutionalised population. The full data set included 174,703 individuals nested within 50 states and had a six-year follow-up for mortality...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349204/validity-of-a-scale-of-neighbourhood-informal-social-control-relevant-to-pre-schoolers-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Ester Cerin, Yi Nam Suen, Anthony Barnett, Wendy Y J Huang, Robin R Mellecker
Childhood physical activity (PA) is important for health across the lifespan. Time pre-schoolers spend outdoors, which has been associated with more PA, is likely influenced by parents' perception of neighbourhood informal social control relevant to pre-schoolers' PA, defined as the willingness of neighbours to intervene to ensure social order and a safe community environment for young children's active play. To advance measurement of this construct, we assessed factorial and construct validities of the PA-related neighbourhood informal social control scale for parents of pre-schoolers (PANISC-PP)...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348996/acculturation-and-dietary-intake-pattern-among-jamaican-immigrants-in-the-us
#9
Carol R Oladele, Elizabeth B Pathak, Jimin Yang, Wendy N Nembhard, Sangita Sharma, David Himmelgreen, Getachew Dagne, Thomas Mason
Information on dietary intakes of Jamaican immigrants in the United States is sparse. Understanding factors that influence diet is important since diet is associated with chronic diseases. This study examined the association between acculturation, socio-cultural factors, and dietary pattern among Jamaican immigrants in Florida. Jamaican persons 25-64 years who resided in two South Florida counties were recruited for participation. A health questionnaire that assessed acculturation, dietary pattern, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease was administered to participants...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348995/mental-health-assessment-in-health-checks-of-participants-aged-30-49%C3%A2-years-a-large-scale-cohort-study
#10
Christine Geyti, Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Else-Marie Dalsgaard, Kaj Sparle Christensen, Annelli Sandbæk
Mental distress is an independent risk factor for illness related impairment. Awareness of mental health (MH) allows prevention, but early detection is not routinely performed in primary care. This cohort study incorporated MH assessment in a health promoting programme. We described the level of poor MH among health check participants, explored the potential for early intervention, and the potential for reducing social inequality in MH. The study was based on 9767 randomly selected citizens aged 30-49 years invited to a health check in Denmark in 2012-14...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348857/influenza-vaccination-might-reduce-the-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Pai-Feng Kao, Ju-Chi Liu, Yi-Ping Hsu, Li-Chin Sung, Tsung-Yeh Yang, Wen-Rui Hao, Ying-Chin Lin, Szu-Yuan Wu
Purpose: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with the risk of ischemic stroke, regardless of the administration of appropriate antithrombotic prophylaxis. This study investigated whether influenza vaccination is associated with the risk of ischemic stroke, to determine a solution to reduce this risk in patients with AF. Methods: We used data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The study cohort comprised all patients diagnosed as having AF (n = 14 454) before January 1, 2005; these patients were followed until December 31, 2012...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346484/association-of-dietary-inflammatory-potential-with-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-men-and-women
#12
Fred K Tabung, Li Liu, Weike Wang, Teresa T Fung, Kana Wu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Yin Cao, Frank B Hu, Shuji Ogino, Charles S Fuchs, Edward L Giovannucci
Importance: Inflammation is important in colorectal cancer development. Diet modulates inflammation and may thus be a crucial modifiable factor in colorectal cancer prevention. Objective: To examine whether proinflammatory diets are associated with increased colorectal cancer risk by using an empirical dietary inflammatory pattern (EDIP) score based on a weighted sum of 18 food groups that characterizes dietary inflammatory potential based on circulating levels of inflammation biomarkers...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346448/a-cross-sectional-study-to-estimate-prevalence-of-periodontal-disease-in-a-population-of-dogs-canis-familiaris-in-commercial-breeding-facilities-in-indiana-and-illinois
#13
Judith L Stella, Amy E Bauer, Candace C Croney
The objectives of this cross-sectional study were: 1) to estimate the prevalence and characterize the severity of periodontal disease in a population of dogs housed in commercial breeding facilities; 2) to characterize PD preventive care utilized by facility owners; and 3) to assess inter-rater reliability of a visual scoring assessment tool. Adult dogs (N = 445) representing 42 breeds at 24 CB facilities in Indiana and Illinois were assessed. Periodontal disease was scored visually using the American Veterinary Dental Collage 0-IV scale...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346444/social-and-structural-barriers-for-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment-among-vietnamese-opioid-dependence-patients
#14
Bach Xuan Tran, Long Hoang Nguyen, Tung Thanh Tran, Carl A Latkin
INTRODUCTION: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) services may reduce the risk of HIV transmission if patients completely adhere to the treatment. Identifying adherence patterns and potential related factors is vital for the sustainability of MMT program in Vietnam. This study examined social and structural factors associated with adherence to MMT among patients in different service delivery models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 510 patients at three MMT clinics in Hanoi were interviewed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345048/urinary-incontinence-type-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-comparison-between-grand-multipara-and-non-grand-multipara-women-aged-%C3%A2-50-years
#15
Iris Shlain, Yuval Lavy, Revital Arbel, David Shveiky, Anna Woloski Wruble, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer
AIM: Parity and age are risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI). The aim of this study was to compare grand multipara women (GMP) to non-grand multipara (NGMP) women concerning UI types (stress urinary incontinence [SUI], urge urinary incontinence [UUI]), symptoms, and quality of life. METHODS: This correlation-comparative study used three tools: a demographic/health questionnaire, Questionnaire for Urinary Incontinence Diagnosis (QUID), and Incontinence Quality of Life (I-QOL)...
January 18, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344992/an-immunohistochemical-score-to-predict-the-outcome-for-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Luís Silva Monteiro, Márcio Diniz-Freitas, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Tomás Garcia-Caballero, Jerónimo Forteza, Máximo Fraga
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a major public health problem worldwide, with a poor survival. Our aim was to evaluate several protein markers in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) and analyse their prognostic value on patient's survival. METHODS: We analysed the expression of EGFR, p53, p27, p16, cyclin D1, cyclin A2, COX-2, Ki-67, Bcl-2, VEGFR-1, and VEGFR-2, by immunohistochemistry on 67 primary OSCC. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) analysis was evaluated by the Cox regression model...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344082/implementing-guidelines-on-physical-health-in-the-acute-mental-health-setting-a-quality-improvement-approach
#17
Stuart Green, Ed Beveridge, Liz Evans, Jenny Trite, Sandra Jayacodi, Rachel Evered, Caroline Parker, Luca Polledri, Emily Tabb, John Green, Anton Manickam, Joanna Williams, Rebecca Deere, Bill Tiplady
Background: In the UK, life expectancy for people living with a serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, is reduced by 15-20 years compared with the general population. In recent years, evidence based guidelines/policies designed to improve their physical health have been published, yet a gap remains between recommendations and practice. This case study describes how guidelines to support physical health were implemented using a quality improvement approach...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344047/a-comparative-study-of-shift-work-effects-and-injuries-among-nurses-working-in-rotating-night-and-day-shifts-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-north-india
#18
Anjana Verma, Jugal Kishore, Shobha Gusain
Background: Shift work can have an impact on the physical and psychological well-being of the healthcare worker, affecting patients as well as their own safety at the workplace. This study was conducted to compare the health outcomes and injuries, along with associated risk factors between the nurses working in rotating night shift (RNS) as compared to day shift (DS) only. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted from June to November 2016 in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344046/relationship-between-spiritual-intelligence-with-happiness-and-fear-of-childbirth-in-iranian-pregnant-women
#19
Sedigheh Abdollahpour, Ahmad Khosravi
Background: Spiritual intelligence is a person's ability to feel a connection to a higher power and a sacred entity. With regard to its relation with happiness, it can have an important effect on the mental health of pregnant women. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and happiness and fear of childbirth in pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 245 low-risk pregnant women from June till September 2015...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343987/performance-of-the-lace-index-to-predict-30-day-hospital-readmissions-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Maryam A Hakim, Frances L Garden, Matthew D Jennings, Claudia C Dobler
Background and objective: Patients hospitalized for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a high 30-day hospital readmission rate, which has a large impact on the health care system and patients' quality of life. The use of a prediction model to quantify a patient's risk of readmission may assist in directing interventions to patients who will benefit most. The objective of this study was to calculate the rate of 30-day readmissions and evaluate the accuracy of the LACE index (length of stay, acuity of admission, co-morbidities, and emergency department visits within the last 6 months) for 30-day readmissions in a general hospital population of COPD patients...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
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