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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160513/detection-of-schistosomiasis-in-an-area-directly-affected-by-the-s%C3%A3-o-francisco-river-large-scale-water-transposition-project-in-the-northeast-of-brazil
#1
José Damião da Silva, Marta Cristhiany Cunha Pinheiro, Mariana Silva Sousa, Vivian da Silva Gomes, Issis Maria Nogueira de Castro, Alberto Novaes Ramos, Fernando Schemelzer de Moraes Bezerra
INTRODUCTION: The development of the São Francisco River Integration Project [Projeto de Integração do Rio São Francisco (PISF)] in the State of Ceará, Brazil, has resulted in environmental and socioeconomic changes with potential risks to public health. We aimed to determine the presence of Schistosoma mansoni infections in schoolchildren (aged 7-14 years) and workers from the construction site in an area under the direct influence of the PISF in the municipality of Brejo Santo-CE, to aid in the prevention and control of schistosomiasis...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159958/evaluation-of-a-low-risk-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-intracranial-hemorrhage-emergency-department-observation-protocol
#2
Brian J Yun, Pierre Borczuk, Lulu Wang, Stephen Dorner, Benjamin A White, Ali S Raja
OBJECTIVES: Among emergency physicians, there is wide variation in admitting practices for patients who suffered a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) with an intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of implementing a protocol in the emergency department (ED) observation unit for patients with mild TBI and ICH. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. Study subjects were patients ≥18 years of age with an International Classification of Diseases (ICD) code corresponding to a traumatic IC, and admitted to an ED observation unit (EDOU) of an urban, academic level 1 trauma center between February 1, 2015 and January 31, 2017...
November 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159410/use-of-health-care-databases-to-support-supplemental-indications-of-approved-medications
#3
Michael Fralick, Aaron S Kesselheim, Jerry Avorn, Sebastian Schneeweiss
Importance: Manufacturers of US Food and Drug Administration-approved prescription drugs often apply for additional indications based on randomized clinical trials. Real-world database analyses on a medication's use and outcomes in routine settings of care might help to inform decision making regarding such supplemental indications. Objective: To examine whether longitudinal data from a health care database can support the results of a randomized clinical trial that led to a supplemental indication for telmisartan...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158990/increased-risk-of-periodontitis-in-patients-with-psoriatic-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Ni-Yu Su, Jing-Yang Huang, Chien-Jen Hu, Hui-Chieh Yu, Yu-Chao Chang
Aims: Periodontitis and psoriatic disease, including psoriasis (PS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), share the common risk factors and co-morbidities. However, the risk of periodontitis in patients with psoriatic disease still needs further investigation. This study was a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study assessing the risk of periodontitis from psoriatic disease exposure. Materials and Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed psoriatic disease from 2003 to 2012 were identified from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158896/factors-associated-with-minimal-meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-practices-among-infants-and-young-children-in-the-predominantly-agrarian-society-of-bale-zone-southeast-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#5
Mekonnen Tegegne, Semere Sileshi, Tomas Benti, Mulusew Teshome, Haile Woldie
Background: Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the first 2 years of age are among major causes of childhood malnutrition, in developing countries including Ethiopia. It results in irreversible outcomes of stunting, poor cognitive development, and significantly increases risks of many chronic and infectious diseases. This study was intended to assess factors associated with minimum meal frequency and minimum dietary diversity practice among children aged 6-23 months in the predominantly agrarian society of Bale zone, Southeast Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158721/knowledge-of-community-pharmacists-about-the-risks-of-medication-use-during-pregnancy-in-central-region-of-saudi-arabia
#6
Ziyad Alrabiah, Mohamed N Al-Arifi, Sultan M Alghadeer, Syed Wajid, Ali AlQahtani, Naif Almotari, AbdAllh AlHwerani, Salmeen D Babelghaith
Background: Community pharmacists (CPs) are the most accessible health care provider to the public, and they have huge duties to improve medication use especially among the pregnant women in their community. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge of CPs about the medication safety during pregnancy. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey was carried out over practicing community pharmacists in a capital of Saudi Arabia (SA). Pharmacists were asked about the safety of each medicine during pregnancy...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158543/genetic-predisposition-to-obesity-restrained-eating-and-changes-in-body-weight-a-population-based-prospective-study
#7
H Konttinen, C Llewellyn, K Silventoinen, A Joensuu, S Männistö, V Salomaa, P Jousilahti, J Kaprio, M Perola, A Haukkala
OBJECTIVES: There is no consensus on whether cognitive control over food intake (i.e. restrained eating) is helpful, merely ineffective or actually harmful in weight management. We examined the interplay between genetic risk of obesity, restrained eating and changes in body weight and size. METHODS: Participants were Finnish 25- to 74-year-olds who attended the DILGOM study at baseline in 2007 and follow-up in 2014. At baseline (n=5024), height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured in a health examination and participants self-reported their weight at age 20 years...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158232/development-and-validation-of-qdiabetes-2018-risk-prediction-algorithm-to-estimate-future-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-cohort-study
#8
Julia Hippisley-Cox, Carol Coupland
Objectives To derive and validate updated QDiabetes-2018 prediction algorithms to estimate the 10 year risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women, taking account of potential new risk factors, and to compare their performance with current approaches.Design Prospective open cohort study.Setting Routinely collected data from 1457 general practices in England contributing to the QResearch database: 1094 were used to develop the scores and a separate set of 363 were used to validate the scores.Participants 11...
November 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158063/frailty-and-the-quality-of-life-in-hemodialysis-patients-the-importance-of-waist-circumference
#9
Nazanin Noori, Arti Sharma Parpia, Rajiv Lakhani, Sabrina Janes, Marc B Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: Frailty among the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population is highly prevalent and has been associated with mortality. Little is known about the relation of different aspects of body composition, a modifiable risk factor, with the risk of frailty in ESRD population. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one patients including 85 men and 66 women, aged ≥18 years with ESRD who had been receiving conventional maintenance hemodialysis (HD) for at least 3 months were included...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157875/prostatic-calculi-do-they-matter
#10
REVIEW
Jun-Jie Cao, Wei Huang, Hong-Shen Wu, Min Cao, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Dong Jin
INTRODUCTION: Prostatic calculi (PC) are frequently detected at computed tomography or ultrasound in men attending the health center or the urology outpatient department. PC have attracted more attention from urologists, but the clinical significance of PC is unknown. AIM: To review the available literature on the effects of PC on prostatic diseases and sexual function in men. METHODS: Relevant clinical trials were identified by searching the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases...
November 17, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157301/family-support-discrimination-and-quality-of-life-among-art-treated-hiv-infected-patients-a-two-year-study-in-china
#11
Jun-Fang Xu, Zhong-Qiang Ming, Yu-Qian Zhang, Pei-Cheng Wang, Jun Jing, Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: By September 2016, approximately 653,865 people in China were living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and 492,725 people were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). PLWHA frequently experience discrimination in all domains of their personal and social lives. The World Health Organization includes discrimination in its list of social determinants of health factors that have been linked to poor physical and psychological health. This paper identifies the family support enjoyed and discrimination faced by people infected with HIV and examines the effect they have on patients' quality of life (QOL) as they undergo ART in China...
November 21, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157066/association-between-small-for-gestational-age-and-low-birth-weight-with-attention-deficit-and-impaired-executive-functions-in-3-6-years-old-children
#12
M Shariat, J Gharaee, H Dalili, Y Mohammadzadeh, Sh Ansari, Z Farahani
BACKGROUND: Behavioral disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are frequently reported among children with history of small body size at birth and disproportionate intrauterine growth retardation. The current study aimed to investigate some factors like executive functions and attention deficit in children with history of Small for gestational age (SGA) and /or Low Birth Weight (LBW) at birth. METHODS: A historical cohort study was done and 3-6 years old preschool children (with past history of SGA/LBW) from some kindergartens and health centers were selected...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156910/genetic-biomarkers-associated-with-changes-in-quality-of-life-and-pain-following-palliative-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-bone-metastases
#13
Anthony Furfari, Bo Angela Wan, Keyue Ding, Andrew Wong, Liting Zhu, Andrea Bezjak, Rebecca Wong, Carolyn F Wilson, Carlo DeAngelis, Azar Azad, Edward Chow, George S Charames
BACKGROUND: Patients with bone metastases undergoing palliative radiation therapy (RT) may experience changes in both the functional and symptomatic aspects of quality of life (QOL). The European Organization of Cancer Research and Treatment (EORTC) QOL Questionnaire Core-15 Palliative (QLQ-C15-PAL) is a validated questionnaire employed to assess QOL specifically in palliative patients. Our study aimed to identify single-nucleotide variant (SNV) genetic biomarkers associated with changes in QOL and pain...
September 28, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156529/alpinetin-improved-high-fat-diet-induced-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-through-improving-oxidative-stress-inflammatory-response-and-lipid-metabolism
#14
Yong Zhou, Yin-Lu Ding, Jian-Liang Zhang, Peng Zhang, Jin-Qing Wang, Zhao-Hua Li
The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a serious medical problem and an increasing threat to public health. It is characterized by the abnormal fat accumulation in liver without excessive alcohol intake. The concurrent NAFLD might up-regulate the risk of chronic kidney disease as well as the mortality rate. Though various drugs have been investigated to attenuate NAFLD, further study is still necessary to find new therapeutic strategy and to reveal the underlying molecular mechanism. In the present study, NAFLD animal models were induced by feeding with high fat (HF) diet for 8 weeks...
November 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156372/psychometric-properties-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-ies-2-in-a-culturally-diverse-hispanic-american-sample
#15
Jessica F Saunders, Kristin A Nichols-Lopez, Leslie D Frazier
BACKGROUND: Intuitive eating is an adaptive eating tendency consistently associated with positive physical and mental health outcomes, including lower risk for obesity and eating disorders (EDs). Obesity rates are disproportionately high in Hispanic American populations, yet the properties of intuitive eating remain to be examined in such samples. METHOD: The current study examined the psychometric properties of the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) in a Hispanic American sample of adult college students (N=482), and related IES-2 scores to levels of disordered eating, body mass index (BMI), fruit and vegetable consumption, and body shape satisfaction...
November 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156363/quality-of-life-is-associated-with-chronic-inflammation-in-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
M Faugere, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, C Faget-Agius, C Lançon, M Cermolacce, R Richieri
BACKGROUND: Inflammation may play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of depression. However, the association between chronic inflammation and health outcomes in depression remains unclear, particularly for patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between quality of life (QoL) (physical and mental health, assessed by the SF-36) and chronic inflammation assessed using C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with current major depressive disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155343/health-outcomes-and-costs-of-acute-traumatic-spinal-injury-in-new-south-wales-australia
#17
Rebecca Mitchell, Lara Harvey, Ralph Stanford, Jacqueline Close
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Traumatic spinal injuries are often associated with both long-term disability, higher frequency of hospital readmissions and high medical costs for individuals of all ages. Age differences in terms of injury profile and health outcomes among those who sustain a spinal cord injury have been identified. However, factors that may influence health outcomes among those with a spinal injury have not been extensively examined at a population-level. PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics of traumatic spinal injury, identify factors predictive of mortality; and estimate the cost of hospital treatment for younger and older people...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155339/body-mass-index-predicts-risk-of-complications-in-lumbar-spine-surgery-based-on-surgical-invasiveness
#18
Olivia J Bono, Gregory W Poorman, Norah Foster, Cyrus M Jalai, Samantha R Horn, Jonathan Oren, Alexandra Soroceanu, Subaraman Ramachandran, Taylor E Purvis, Deeptee Jain, Shaleen Vira, Bassel G Diebo, Breton Line, Daniel M Sciubba, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Aaron J Buckland, Thomas J Errico, Virginie Lafage, Shay Bess, Peter G Passias
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Obesity as a comorbidity in spine pathology may increase the risk of complications following surgical treatment. The BMI threshold at which obesity becomes clinically relevant, and the exact nature of that effect, remains poorly understood. PURPOSE: Identify the body mass index (BMI) that independently predicts risk of postoperative complications following lumbar spine surgery. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective review of the National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) years 2011-2013...
November 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155124/common-mental-disorders-in-adolescents-with-and-without-type-1-diabetes-reported-occurrence-from-a-countrywide-survey
#19
Gabriela H Telo, Felipe V Cureau, Cláudia S Lopes, Beatriz D Schaan
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of common mental disorders symptoms in adolescents with type 1 diabetes in comparison to a population-based sample of adolescents in Brazil. METHODS: We compared characteristics of 116 youth with type 1 diabetes and 73,508 youth without type 1 diabetes from the same population-based sample of adolescents aged 12-17 years, taken from the national Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents. We evaluated the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) score, which is a self-administered screening survey for detecting mental health symptoms...
November 15, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154262/review-of-scapular-movement-disorders-among-office-workers-having-ergonomic-risk
#20
Ö Depreli, E Angın
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are the most common health problems which affect millions of office workers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine scapular positioning at rest and different anatomical planes, the assessment of pain, postural changes and the functionality of upper extremity that is caused by the lack of ergonomic principles among office workers of civil servants in TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three individuals participated in the study and 2 groups were created by grand scores of Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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