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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692078/-temporal-characteristics-of-soil-fertility-of-cropland-requisition-compensation-in-the-typical-region-of-yangtze-river-delta-china
#1
Zhi Chao Xui, Dong Sheng Yu, Yue Pan, Xi Yang Wang, Jing Jing Huang, Bo Sun
Based on the satellite image in 1984, 2000 and 2016, we analyzed the temporal and spatial variation of cropland requisition-compensation in Changshu City, Jiangsu Province. Based on ArcGIS and the data of soil samples, membership function with integrated fertility index were used to evaluate the soil fertility in 1984 and 2000, respectively. The overlay analysis had been used to reveal the characteristics of soil fertility of cropland requisition-compensation between the period of 1984 to 2000 and 2000 to 2016...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692050/-carbon-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-stoichiometry-of-five-common-herbaceous-species-across-islands-in-the-yellow-sea-and-the-east-china-sea
#2
Chao Guo, Bin Tuo, Tian Su, Li Ting Zheng, Xiang Yu Liu, Fang Yin, Dong He, En- Ong Yan
Understanding variation of carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) stoichiometry in common plant species across islands along a latitude gradient is insightful to reveal the adaptation strategies of plant species to environmental changes. Five common herbaceous species including Artemisia argyi, Setaira viridis, Humulus japonicus, Ophiopog onjaponicus, and Oxalis corniculata were sampled in 125 plots across nine islands in Eastern China. C, N and P contents in leaves, stems, and roots of five plant species were measured, and their relationships with soil C, N and P contents as well as mean annual air temperature (MAT) and mean annual precipitation (MAP) were investigated...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692038/-interannual-changes-in-fish-community-structure-in-the-northern-part-of-the-coastal-waters-of-jiangsu-province-china-in-spring
#3
Jia Wo, Xiu Xia Mou, Bin Duo Xu, Ying Xue, Chong Liang Zhang, Yi Ping Ren
Based on the data collected from the bottom trawl surveys in the coastal waters of northern Jiangsu Province from 2009 to 2014, multivariate statistical analysis and other integrated indices were used to analyze the variation in the community structure of fish assemblage over time in the waters. The results showed that 68 species had been caught in the coastal waters of northern Jiangsu Province. There were significant fluctuations in the relative density of fish resources. The mean catch mass per site ranged from 0...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691750/long-term-study-of-cr-ni-zn-and-p-distribution-in-typha-domingensis-growing-in-a-constructed-wetland
#4
Hernán Ricardo Hadad, María de Las Mercedes Mufarrege, Gisela Alfonsina Di Luca, María Alejandra Maine
The aim of this work was to study Cr, Ni, Zn, and P bioaccumulation in different compartments of Typha domingensis plants and sediment in a free-water surface constructed wetland for the treatment of a metallurgical effluent for 5 years. Removal efficiencies were satisfactory. To increase metal tolerance, its transport from belowground to aboveground tissues is reduced, being metal concentrations in the roots and rhizomes significantly higher than in the aerial and submerged parts of leaves. Regarding belowground tissues, metals were retained in the roots, while P was mainly accumulated in rhizomes...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691745/identification-of-phytotoxins-in-different-plant-parts-of-brassica-napus-and-their-influence-on-mung-bean
#5
Azhar Mehmood, Muhammad Naeem, Farhan Khalid, Yousaf Saeed, Tasawer Abbas, Khawar Jabran, Muhammad Aqeel Sarwar, Asif Tanveer, Muhammad Mansoor Javaid
Plants in Brassica genus have been found to possess strong allelopathic potential. They may inhibit seed germination and emergence of subsequent crops following them in a rotation system. Series of laboratory and greenhouse experiments were conducted to determine the allelopathic impacts of Brassica napus L. against mung bean. We studied (1) the effects of aqueous extract (5%) of different plant parts (root, stem, leaf, flower, and whole plant) of B. napus, (2) the effects of leaf and flower extracts of B. napus at 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4% concentrations, and (3) the effect of residues of different B...
April 24, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691642/left-atrial-pressure-pattern-without-a-wave-in-sinus-rhythm-after-cardioversion-affects-the-outcomes-after-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Hideyuki Kishima, Takanao Mine, Satoshi Takahashi, Kenki Ashida, Masaharu Ishihara, Tohru Masuyama
The a-wave in left atrial pressure (LAP) is often not observed after cardioversion (CV). We hypothesized that repeated atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in patients who do not show a-wave pattern after CV. We investigated the impact of "LAP pattern without a-wave" on the outcome after catheter ablation (CA) for AF. We studied 100 patients (64 males, age 66 ± 8 years, 42 with non-paroxysmal AF) who underwent CA for AF. Sustained- or induced-AF were terminated with internal CV, and LAP was measured during sinus rhythm (SR) after CV...
April 24, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691634/the-ctenidium-of-the-giant-clam-tridacna-squamosa-expresses-an-ammonium-transporter-1-that-displays-light-suppressed-gene-and-protein-expression-and-may-be-involved-in-ammonia-excretion
#7
Mel V Boo, Kum C Hiong, Enan J K Goh, Celine Y L Choo, Wai P Wong, Shit F Chew, Yuen K Ip
Ammonium transporters (AMTs) can participate in ammonia uptake or excretion across the plasma membrane of prokaryotic, plant and invertebrate cells. The giant clam, Tridacna squamosa, harbors nitrogen-deficient symbiotic zooxanthellae, and normally conducts light-enhanced ammonia absorption to benefit the symbionts. Nonetheless, it can excrete ammonia when there is a supply of exogenous nitrogen or exposed to continuous darkness. This study aimed to elucidate the role of AMT1 in the ctenidium of T. squamosa by cloning and characterizing the AMT1/AMT1, determining its subcellular localization, and examining changes in its transcript and protein expression levels in response to light exposure...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691328/genetic-ablation-of-all-cerebellins-reveals-synapse-organizer-functions-in-multiple-regions-throughout-the-brain
#8
Erica Seigneur, Thomas C Südhof
Cerebellins are synaptic organizer molecules that bind to presynaptic neurexins and postsynaptic receptors. Cerebellins are well studied in cerebellum, but three of the four cerebellins (Cbln1, Cbln2, and Cbln4) are also broadly expressed outside of the cerebellum, suggesting that they perform general functions throughout the brain. Here we generated male and female single, double, and triple constitutive KO mice of Cbln1, Cbln2, and Cbln4. We found that all constitutive cerebellin-deficient mice are viable and fertile, suggesting that cerebellins are not essential for survival...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691289/hip-and-groin-time-loss-injuries-decreased-slightly-but-injury-burden-remained-constant-in-men-s-professional-football-the-15-year-prospective-uefa-elite-club-injury-study
#9
Jonas Werner, Martin Hägglund, Jan Ekstrand, Markus Waldén
BACKGROUND: Hip and groin injuries are common in men's professional football, but the time-trend of these injuries is not known. AIM: To investigate hip and groin injury rates, especially time-trends, in men's professional football over 15 consecutive seasons. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Men's professional football. METHODS: 47 European teams were followed prospectively for a varying number of seasons between 2001/2002 and 2015/2016, totalling 268 team seasons...
April 24, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691214/mobile-health-initiatives-in-vietnam-scoping-study
#10
Jeffrey A Lam, Linh Thuy Dang, Ngoc Tran Phan, Hue Thi Trinh, Nguyen Cong Vu, Cuong Kieu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) offers a promising solution to the multitude of challenges the Vietnamese health system faces, but there is a scarcity of published information on mHealth in Vietnam. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this scoping study were (1) to summarize the extent, range, and nature of mHealth initiatives in Vietnam and (2) to examine the opportunities and threats of mHealth utilization in the Vietnamese context. METHODS: This scoping study systematically identified and extracted relevant information from 20 past and current mHealth initiatives in Vietnam...
April 24, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691100/immunisation-of-chickens-with-live-salmonella-vaccines-role-of-booster-vaccination
#11
U Methner
It is accepted that booster vaccinations of chickens with live Salmonella vaccines are essential part of vaccinations schemes to induce an effective adaptive immune response. As manufacturer of registered live Salmonella vaccines recommend different times of booster the question raises whether the duration between the first and second immunisation might influence the protective effect against Salmonella exposure. Chickens were immunised with a live Salmonella Enteritidis vaccine on day 1 of age followed by a booster vaccination at different intervals (day 28, 35 or 42 of age) to study the effects on the colonisation and invasion of the Salmonella vaccine strain, the humoral immune response and the efficacy against infection with Salmonella Enteritidis on day 56 of age...
April 21, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691098/improved-patency-after-axillofemoral-bypass-for-aortoiliac-occlusive-disease
#12
Russell H Samson, David P Showalter, Michael R Lepore, Deepak G Nair, Douglas A Dorsay, Ricardo E Morales
OBJECTIVE: Axillofemoral bypasses (AxFBs) have been used since 1962 to treat aortoiliac disease. In the past, reported patency rates (37%-76%) for these extra-anatomic grafts have been inferior to those for anatomic aortic grafting. Reported low survival rates after AxFB (40%-50%) have confirmed that these procedures have been used primarily in patients at high risk for complications from aortofemoral bypass. However, modern medical and anesthesia management, preoperative scanning, donor artery preparation, postoperative graft surveillance, and graft technology may improve outcomes after AxFB, possibly supporting expansion of its use...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690960/is-hepatovenocaval-syndrome-a-different-entity-from-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-children
#13
Nadia Waheed, Huma Arshad Cheema, Hassan Suleman, Iqra Mushtaq, Zafar Fayyaz, Nadeem Anjum
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between clinical and demographic spectrum, and outcome in hepatovenocaval syndrome (HVCS) and Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children Hospital, Lahore, from January 2014 to January 2017. METHODOLOGY: All children less than 18 years of age, presenting with ascites and visible veins over abdomen, flanks and back were enrolled in the study...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690959/evaluation-of-microleakage-in-single-rooted-teeth-obturated-with-thermoplasticized-gutta-percha-using-various-endodontic-sealers-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Maham Muneeb Lone, Farhan Raza Khan, Muneeb Ahmed Lone
OBJECTIVE: To compare apical microleakage of extracted, single-rooted teeth obturated with thermoplasticized injectable gutta-percha using two different endodontic sealers (calcium-hydroxide and resin based). STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Dental Clinics and Laboratory from June to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted using extracted teeth...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690712/-biomechanics-changes-of-lumbar-spine-caused-by-foraminotomy-via-percutaneous-transforaminal-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy
#15
J Qian, S S Yu, J J Liu, L Chen, J H Jing
Objective: To analyze the biomechanics changes of lumbar spine caused by foraminotomy via percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy using the finite element method. Methods: Three healthy adult males (aged 35.6 to 42.3 years) without spinal diseases were enrolled in this study and 3D-CT scans were carried out to obtain the parameters of lumbar spine. Mimics software was applied to build a 3D finite element model of lumbar spine. Graded resections (1/4, 2/4, 3/4 and 4/4) of the left superior articular process of L(5) were done via percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy...
April 3, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690479/the-spurious-dragonfly-the-intricate-nomenclatural-problems-regarding-the-names-libelloides-and-libelluloides-neuroptera-ascalaphidae-et-myrmeleontidae
#16
Roberto A Pantaleoni, Laura Loru
Around 1970 Tjeder suggested two changes to the nomenclature of the Ascalaphidae regarding the names Libelloides and libelluloides. To avoid future confusion, we augment Tjeder's work by analyzing the nomenclatural status of all taxa related to these names-specifically Libelloides Schäffer, 1763 and Libelloides coccajus ([Denis et Schiffermüller], 1775), Ascalaphidae, and Palpares libelluloides (Linnaeus, 1764), Myrmeleontidae. After a short historical preamble, we treat the three taxa in chronological order of description...
February 27, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690334/new-information-on-the-distribution-pattern-of-acanthobdella-peledina-annelida-acanthobdellida-in-eastern-siberia
#17
Irina A Kaygorodova, Elena V Dzyuba
The Acanthobdellida is a group of annelid parasites of fish, which are restricted to subarctic parts of the Northern Hemisphere. These ancient worms arouse the interest of the scientific world due to their mosaic combination of (1) primitive oligochaetous characters (e.g. the presence of setae on the very anterior segments, a lateral nerve system and a metameric coelomic cavity around the intestinal canal) and (2) evolutionarily advanced hirudinean ecological and morphological features (e.g. suckers and parasitic lifestyle), attesting to their intermediate role between Oligochaeta and Euhirudinea (i...
March 20, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690197/a-new-species-of-barbatula-from-the-headwaters-of-the-bulgan-river-in-western-mongolia-teleostei-nemacheilidae
#18
Artem M Prokofiev
Barbatula karabanowi, new species, is described from the upper Bulgan River drainage in Mongolia. It is most similar to B. dsapchynensis from the Zavhan River basin (Lake Valley, Mongolia). The new species is distinguished from this and all other species of Barbatula in Asia by a combination of characters, none of them unique: nostrils widely spaced; snout broad, ratio between maximum head width and width of snout at anterior nare 1.4-1.6; lips smooth, upper lip with a short incision; lower lip with short, well developed lateral lobes, mental lobes oval, lacking conical protrusions; scales absent or isolated scales present on the flank between dorsal- and caudal-fin bases; 42-44 vertebrae (usually 43); 75-88 lateral line pores on flank; paired fins with rounded tips; pigmentation pattern with densely set and partially fused irregularly shaped blotches and streaks...
April 10, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690196/anophtalmic-and-epigean-description-of-an-intriguing-new-species-of-hyalella-amphipoda-hyalellidae-from-brazil
#19
Rafaela Bastos-Pereira, Marcus Paulo Alves De Oliveira, Rodrigo L Ferreira
The absence of eyes in Hyalella (Hyalellidae, Amphipoda) is typical of obligate groundwater-dwelling species. However, a new intriguing blind amphipod of this genus was found in epigean streams from the Iron Quadrangle (state of Minas Gerais, Brazil). Hyalella troglofugia sp nov. presents antenna 1 shorter than antenna 2, gnathopod 1 propodus inner face with four setae, gnathopod 2 propodus posterior margin longer than palm, dactylus slightly longer than palm, pereopod 5 shorter than others and uropod 3 shorter than telson...
April 10, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690165/revision-of-the-cicada-genus-dilobopyga-hemiptera-cicadidae-from-sulawesi-and-the-moluccas
#20
J P Duffels
This revision of the cicadas of the genus Dilobopyga provides a diagnosis of the genus and descriptions, illustrations and distribution maps for 48 species. The following 33 species described here are new to science: D. angulata, angustata, bifida, curvispina, fasciata, hayashii, hollowayi, johani, knighti, langeraki, laterocurvata, latifascia, luwukensis, macrocerata, maleo, mamasa, mediolobata, nebulosa, operculata, palopoensis, pelengensis, platyacantha, quadrimaculata, rantemario, recurvata, rozendaali, sangihensis, sarasinorum, splendida, tambusisi, toraja, vantoli and watuwila...
April 13, 2018: Zootaxa
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