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Linda Leonard, Drew Dawson
The longstanding human interest in dreams has led to a significant body of psychological and philosophical discourse, including research. Recently, however, dreams have been relegated to the periphery of clinical psychological practice. This is potentially problematic as clients continue to bring dreams to therapy and many psychologists lack the confidence or competence to respond effectively to dream material. Building on the structural, professional and research cultures surrounding psychology using a cultural-historical activity theory framework, we argue the marginalisation of dreams is due to cultural-historical factors...
April 22, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Ian J Davidson
This article is a cocitation network analysis of The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology ( JASP ) from 1925 to 1942. The analysis was conducted to help shed light on the historical roots of the intellectual and institutional relationships among social, personality, and abnormal psychology. JASP was a main venue for the boundary work of early- to mid-twentieth-century American psychologists. One of the main goals of these various research communities was to appropriate psychoanalytic and sociological concepts into preferred methods and approaches that favored an individualistic, quantifiable, and ultimately normal subject...
May 2018: History of Psychology
Eric M Plakun
This article defines psychodynamic psychiatry as the intersection between general psychiatry and psychoanalysis as a theory of mind. Psychodynamic psychiatry is built on a biopsychosocial model for understanding and treating mental disorders. Currently, a narrower biomedical model is in ascendancy, but it has not lived up to its promise and is not supported by emerging science as robustly as is the biopsychosocial model. The "difficult patient" emerges in part from the limits of our treatment models and treatment methods...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Sarah Marks
Sterilizations of Romani women in socialist Czechoslovakia, either carried out without proper consent, or coerced through substantial financial incentive, were first reported in 1978. Yet these practices did not end with the fall of communism, and it took until 2005 for this to be officially acknowledged by the Czech government. This article draws on published and unpublished documents, as well as oral history interviews, to trace the history of efforts to expose such practices, 'come to terms' with their existence, and change social attitudes in relation to the Romani minority in the Czech lands...
October 2017: History Workshop Journal: HWJ
Catherine Hall, Daniel Pick
This essay considers the frequent and varied uses of 'denial' in modern political discourse, suggests the specific psychoanalytic meanings the term has acquired and asks how useful this Freudian concept may be for historians. It notes the debates among historians over the uses of psychoanalysis, but argues that concepts such as 'denial', 'disavowal', 'splitting' and 'negation' can help us to understand both individual and group behaviour. The authors dwell, especially, on 'disavowal' and argue it can provide a particularly useful basis for exploring how and why states of knowing and not knowing co-exist...
October 2017: History Workshop Journal: HWJ
Paola Manfredi
About the relationship between medicine and psychoanalysis it has been written a lot, in primis in the psycho-somatic perspective, in secundis in the psychic modulation of health and disease. In this paper a different perspective is adopted. Both psychoanalysis and medicine are currently confronted with different patients than in the past, indeed nowadays patients are often more fragile, as in the somatic as in the psychic problems. For this reason in both disciplines the theme of adherence to treatment is very important, to which the theme of the relationship is linked...
April 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Asma Deeb, Mariette Akle, Abdulla Al Ozairi, Fergus Cameron
Diabetes is a chronic disease and its management is associated with multiple challenges. This is particularly the case in children and adolescents. Factors that contribute to difficulties in managing diabetes in youth include psychological characteristics, family dynamics, and social behavior. The purpose of this article is to highlight some psychological issues in children and adolescents with diabetes. We aim to present selected case scenarios encountered by health professionals and to provide tips on strategies for managing psychological aspect of diabetes...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
Adam Flintoff, Ewen Speed, Susan McPherson
From the 1980s onwards, discourses of risk have continued to grow, almost in ubiquity. Ideas and practices of risk and risk aversion have extended to UK mental health care where services are expected to assess and manage risks, and high-quality clinical assessment has been revised to incorporate risk assessment. This article problematises practices of risk assessment in mental health provision, focussing on the base-rate problem. It presents an analysis of audio recordings of risk assessments completed within a primary care mental health service...
April 1, 2018: Health (London)
Gunn Engelsrud, Birgit Nordtug, Ingvil Øien
This article advocates integrating ideas from phenomenological theory regarding the body with a psychoanalytical theory of language to enrich our understanding of the meaning of bodily presence in the practice of physiotherapy. The authors use this theoretical framework to explore bodily presence as a source for physiotherapists' professional development. They are using research on children as moving and meaning-producing subjects1 1 The concept of subject is used in different ways in phenomenology and psychoanalysis, and also in varying ways in each of the two traditions...
April 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Christian Gostečnik, Tanja Repič Slavič, Tanja Pate, Robert Cvetek
Psychoanalysis has always been full of diversity and controversy, in the theoretical field and especially in the plasticity and variety of its modalities and approaches. Yet all these theories are based on the premise that individuals compulsively repeat their old psycho-organic content, both in their personal lives and in analysis; the premise of Relational Family Therapy is that old emotional, behavioral and bodily complications must first be repeated before being fully processed so that something new can be created...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Austin Ratner
Freud's letters and papers indicate that his emotions interfered with his endeavor to justify his theories to an unsympathetic public. His example suggests that a psychoanalyst who wishes to prove the validity of psychoanalysis to critics may experience strong and unpalatable emotions that in turn stimulate defense mechanisms, such as avoidance of proving activities. While Freud habitually observed the public's resistance to psychoanalytic ideas, he overlooked the possibility of his own resistance to presenting them...
April 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Yael A Kadish
Women's psychosexuality remains an underdeveloped area in mainstream psychoanalysis. The paper argues for psychoanalytic recognition of women's secondary psychosexual development, that is, an extended developmental vantage point that includes women's pubertal and reproductive experiences. The author's arguments are illustrated through in-depth interview data from a research project that was conducted with mothers from thirty to sixty years old. The author proposes that women are subjected to at least three types of psychological conflict related to their secondary psychosexual events and processes...
April 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
Zeinab Mohhamadian, Jamileh Mohtashami, Camelia Rohani, Tayebeh Jamshidi
Background: Domestic violence is the third sociopathology after addiction and child abuse in Iran. Fifty-six percent of Iranian women in the range of 17-32 years old are exposed to the highest domestic violence. Objective: The aim of this study was to design and psychoanalyze a comprehensive questionnaire on coping with domestic violence against women in Iranian society. Methods: This study was carried out on a random sample of women exposed to domestic violence and referred to the health and care center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, and Forensic Medical Centers in Urmia city (Iran), in 2017...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
Jessica Yakeley
Like any discipline, psychoanalysis has evolved considerably since its inception by Freud over a century ago, and a multitude of different psychoanalytic traditions and schools of theory and practice now exist. However, some of Freud's original ideas, such as the dynamic unconscious, a developmental approach, defence mechanisms, and transference and countertransference remain essential tenets of psychoanalytic thinking to this day. This Review outlines several areas within modern mental health practice in which contemporary adaptations and applications of these psychoanalytic concepts might offer helpful insights and improvements in patient care and management, and concludes with an overview of evidence-based psychoanalytically informed treatments and the links between psychoanalysis, attachment research, and neuroscience...
March 21, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
Spyros D Orfanos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Louis Rothschild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Tom Wooldridge
After an overview of the opposed concepts of freedom and psychic determinism, and of the compatibilist reconciliation between the two that is most appropriate for psychoanalysis, the importance of agency as a psychoanalytic idea is considered. In particular, two ways in which the term agency may be used are examined: agency as fact and agency as experience. The former refers to the degree of relative freedom an individual possesses from "inner" constraints, whereas the latter refers to the experience of oneself as having an active impact on the self, other people, and/or the world...
February 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
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