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Sophie Langis-Barsetti, Thierry Maris, James D Wuest
Derivatives of 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (1) are widely used in many areas of science and are particularly valuable as components of active layers in various thin-film optoelectronic devices. Even more effective benzothiadiazoles are likely to result if a deeper understanding of their preferred patterns of molecular association can be acquired. To provide new insight, we have analyzed the structures of compounds in which multiple benzothiadiazole units are attached to well-defined planar and nonplanar molecular cores...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Xiang Chen, Huanlin Chen, Jian Guan, Jieming Zhen, Zijun Sun, Pingwu Du, Yalin Lu, Shangfeng Yang
Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) as an emerging two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterial has been commonly used as a metal-free photocatalyst with potential applications in visible light photocatalytic water-splitting. However, the photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4 is quite low due to its relatively large band gap and the existence of contact resistance between the nanosheets. Herein we report for the first time the facile synthesis of a covalently bonded g-C3N4/C60 hybrid via a solid-state mechanochemical route and its application in photocatalytic hydrogen production under visible light...
April 19, 2017: Nanoscale
Xiao Gu, Huiyan Li, Bowen Shan, Zhifeng Liu, Qian Miao
Tetrabenzo[7]circulene, a new member of aromatic saddles, was conveniently synthesized from 2-(1-naphthoyl)benzoic acid with the seven-membered ring constructed at an early stage of the synthesis. This method, upon minor modification, was also useful for synthesis of thiophene-annulated [7]circulenes. The structures of tetrabenzo[7]circulene and [7]circulene were compared in terms of symmetry, flexibility, and curvature on the basis of DFT calculations and X-ray crystallography. It was also found that tetrabenzo[7]circulene functioned as a p-type semiconductor in thin-film transistors and cocrystallized with C60...
April 19, 2017: Organic Letters
Marilene D M Morselli Ribeiro, Chiu Chih Ming, Thiago I B Lopes, Renato Grimaldi, Anita J Marsaioli, Lireny A G Gonçalves
Low-calorie structured lipids (SLs) rich in behenic and oleic acids were produced by enzymatic (EI) and chemical interesterification (CI) of high oleic sunflower oil and fully hydrogenated Crambe abyssinica oil in proportions of 60:40, 50:50, 40:60 and 30:70 (w/w), respectively. The immobilized lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus (Lipozyme TL IM) was used for 3 h at 70 °C at a dosage of 7% (w/w) free of organic solvents. The original blend (BE) and the reaction products were evaluated for their fatty acid (FA) and triacylglycerols (TAG) compositions, solid fat contents, thermal analysis, regiospecific distribution of the FA, microstructure and polymorphism...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Mayank Joshi, Pramod Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Gajanand Sharma, Bhupinder Singh, Om Prakash Katare, Kaisar Raza
The purpose of study was to conjugate and evaluate methotrexate with C60-fullerenes and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for better drug delivery to cancer cells, and also to compare these two systems. C60-fullerenes and MWCNTs were functionalized by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition using glycine and paraformaldehyde. Methotrexate (MTX) was esterified and conjugated to the functionalized carbon-based carriers. The conjugates were characterized for micromeritics and drug conjugation. The systems were evaluated for drug release in various pH, MTT cytotoxicity assay, protein binding, cellular uptake, haemolytic profile and pharmacokinetics...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Lijuan Bai, Yuhan Chen, Yan Bai, Yongjie Chen, Jing Zhou, Ailong Huang
Tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is still a major threat to global public health. However, the existing methods for MTB detection are usually complicated and time consuming with unsatisfactory sensitivity and specificity. In this work, a relatively simple and ultrasensitive electrochemical aptasensor based on novel signal generation and amplification was constructed for the determination of MTB antigen MPT64. The coil-like fullerene (C60)-doped polyaniline (C60-PAn) nanohybrids with large surface area, abundant active groups and excellent electric performance were synthesized and used both as new redox nanoprobe and catalyst for the generation and amplification of electrochemical signal for the first time...
April 12, 2017: Biomaterials
Koki Ikemoto, Ryo Kobayashi, Sota Sato, Hiroyuki Isobe
Complexation of C60 at a conical region of a nanometer-sized geodesic phenylene bowl has been demonstrated. Proton NMR spectroscopy showed formation of a 1:1 complex that was driven by entropy gains for the assembly. Crystallographic analyses revealed its unique ball-in-bowl structure, and the presence of smoothly curved surfaces was unveiled at their interfaces.
April 14, 2017: Organic Letters
Margarita Suarez, Alberto Ruiz, Luis Almagro, Julieta Coro, Enrique E Maroto, Salvatore Filippone, Dolores Molero, Roberto Martinez-Alvarez, Nazario Martín
The diastereoselective synthesis of cis and trans steroid-fulleropyrrolidines hybrids by reaction of N-metalated azomethine ylides [Cu(II) or Ag(I)] with the appropriate chiral ligand and C60 is described. The experimental findings reveal that the azomethine ylide stabilized by an allylic group cycloadds to [60]fullerene in an efficient manner and with a good diastereomeric excess. Furthermore, the new generated stereocenters are fully controlled by the catalytic systems used without being influenced by the chirality of the steroid...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Qixun Shi, Tomas Javorskis, Karl-Erik Bergquist, Artūras Ulčinas, Gediminas Niaura, Ieva Matulaitienė, Edvinas Orentas, Kenneth Wärnmark
The design and synthesis of new stimuli-responsive hydrogen-bonding monomers that display a diversity of self-assembly pathways is of central importance in supramolecular chemistry. Here we describe the aggregation properties of a simple, intrinsically C2-symmetric enantiopure bicyclic cavity compound bearing a terminally unsubstituted ureidopyrimidinone fragment fused with a pyrrole moiety in different solvents and in the absence and presence of C60 and C70 guests. The tetrameric cyclic aggregate is selectively obtained in chlorinated solvents, where only part of the available hydrogen bonding sites are utilized, whereas in toluene or upon addition of C70 guests, further aggregation into tubular supramolecular polymers is achieved...
April 12, 2017: Nature Communications
Beatriz M Illescas, Javier Rojo, Rafael Delgado, Nazario Martín
The infection of humans by lethal pathogens such as Ebola and other related viruses has not been properly addressed so far. In this context, a relevant question arises: What can chemistry do in the search for new strategies and approaches to solve this emergent problem? Although initially a variety of known chemical compounds-for other purposes-proved disappointing in tests against Ebola virus (EBOV) infection, more recently, specific molecules have been prepared. In this Perspective, we present new approaches directed at the design of efficient entry inhibitors to minimize the development of resistance by viral mutations...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Lu Han, Wei Qin, Jia Zhou, Jiahuang Jian, Songtao Lu, Xiaohong Wu, Guohua Fan, Peng Gao, Boyu Liu
Metal modified C60 is considered to be a potential hydrogen storage medium due to its high theoretical capacity. Research interest is growing in various hybrid inorganic compounds-C60. While the design and synthesis of a novel hybrid inorganic compound-C60 is difficult to attain, it has been theorized that the atomic hydrogen could transfer from the inorganic compound to the adjacent C60 surfaces via spillover and surface diffusion. Here, as a proof of concept experiment, we graft Co9S8 onto C60via a facile high energy ball milling process...
April 20, 2017: Nanoscale
Xin Nie, Jinglong Tang, Ying Liu, Rong Cai, Qing Miao, Yuliang Zhao, Chunying Chen
The interaction between bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BDMSCs) and tumor cells promotes tumor proliferation and metastasis. We found that 4T1 breast cancer cells induced malignant differentiation of BDMSCs and that BDMSCs also affected the growth and metastasis of 4T1 cells. However, when the interaction between BDMSCs and 4T1 cells was attenuated or blocked by C60(OH)22 nanoparticles, tumor growth and metastasis were significantly suppressed. The suppression of metastasis depended on the activation of MAPK signals in the BDMSCs, whereas the underlying pathways were related to a broad range of extracellular responses and were modulated by the secretion of multiple cytokines...
March 30, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Yingjun Liu, Hui Liang, Zhen Xu, Jiabin Xi, Genfu Chen, Weiwei Gao, Mianqi Xue, Chao Gao
Superconductors are important materials in the field of low-temperature magnet applications and long distance electrical power transmission system. Besides metal-based superconducting materials, carbon-based superconductors have attracted considerable attention in recent years. Up to now, five allotropes of carbon, including diamond, graphite, C60, CNT and graphene, have been reported to show superconducting behavior. However, most of the carbon-based superconductors are limited to small size and discontinuous phases that inevitably hinders further application in macroscopic form...
March 29, 2017: ACS Nano
Chunlei Du, Bo Zhang, Yiliang He, Chaoyang Hu, Qin Xiang Ng, Hui Zhang, Choon Nam Ong, ZhifenLin
This work evaluated biological effect of nC60 on Scenedesmus obliquus. The cells were exposed to various concentrations of nC60 for 7days. Low-dose of nC60 was found to have a minor growth inhibitory effect. The transcriptomics and metabolomics were integrated to examine intricate molecular and cellular effects of nC60 on Scenedesmus obliquus. We found that Scenedesmus obliquus cells exposed to nC60 had several significant alterations in cellular transcription and biochemical processes. During the 7-day exposure to nC60, 2234 and 2,448 unigenes were differentially expressed by 0...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Yuangang Li, Pengfei Duan, Minghua Liu
A chiral gelator was designed and found to form chiral nanotwist and nanotube in toluene and DMSO, respectively, which could serve as host chiral matrixes for fabricating functional soft materials. Guest achiral π-conjugated donor and acceptor were doped in the gel and a solvent regulated self-assembly was observed. Although both the DMSO and toluene gels containing three components look similar as the transparent gels, it was clarified microscopically that while achiral dopants self-assembled in the confined nanotubes in DMSO gel, they only dissolve in the liquid phase in toluene gel...
March 24, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Lung-Chien Chen, Zong-Liang Tseng, Jun-Kai Huang
This work presents mixed (FAPbI₃)1-x(MAPbBr₃)x perovskite films with various composition ratios, x (x = 0-1), which are formed using the spin coating method. The structural, optical, and electronic behaviors of the mixed (FAPbI₃)1-x(MAPbBr₃)x perovskite films are discussed. A device with structure glass/indium tin oxide (ITO)/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS)/mixed perovskite/C60/BCP/Ag was fabricated. The mixed perovskite film was an active light-harvesting layer. PEDOT: PSS was a hole transporting layer between the ITO and perovskite...
October 13, 2016: Nanomaterials
Hua Tian, David A Six, Thomas Krucker, Jennifer A Leeds, Nicholas Winograd
The inherent difficulty of discovering new and effective antibacterials and the rapid development of resistance particularly in Gram-negative bacteria, illustrates the urgent need for new methods that enable rational drug design. Here we report the development of 3D imaging cluster secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) as a label-free approach to chemically map small molecules in aggregated and single Escherichia coli cells, with ~300 nm spatial resolution and high chemical sensitivity. The feasibility of quantitative analysis was explored, and a non-linear relationship between treatment dose and signal for tetracycline and ampicillin, two clinically-used antibacterials, was observed...
March 23, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
A Herreros-López, M Carini, T Da Ros, T Carofiglio, C Marega, V La Parola, V Rapozzi, L E Xodo, Ali A Alshatwi, C Hadad, M Prato
The covalent grafting of two amino-fullerene C60 derivatives (C60-LC-NH2 and C60-SC-NH2, LC=long chain and SC=short chain) onto the surface of TEMPO oxidized nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC-COOH) has been reported for the first time. These hybrids (NCC-LC-C60 and NCC-SC-C60) form stable colloidal suspensions at concentrations up to 0.5mg/mL and act as effective photosensitizers for singlet oxygen production as demonstrated by the oxidation of L-methionine-methyl ester to the corresponding sulphoxide. Using the same approach, in a one-pot reaction both a fluorescent target molecule (FITC-LC-NH2) and the C60-LC-NH2 derivative have been successfully attached covalently onto the NCC-COOH surface...
May 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yao Lu, Zhan-Da Fu, Qing-Hui Guo, Mei-Xiang Wang
O6-Corona[3]arene[3]tetrazines with expanded cavities were synthesized by one-pot SNAr reaction between 3,6-dichlorotetrazine and aromatic diols. The macrocycle-to-macrocycle transformation involving IEDDA of tetrazine moieties with an enamine followed by denitrogenative aromatization afforded O6-corona[3]arene[3]pyridazines. O6-Corona[6]arenes adopted coronary conformations yielding hexagonal cavities of varied sizes. While O6-corona[3]arene[3]pyridazines complexed both C60 and C70 in a virtually nonselective manner, O6-corona[3]arene[3]tetrazines behaved as selective receptors to complex C70 with K1:1 values up to (3...
April 7, 2017: Organic Letters
Nassir Mojarad, Jean-Nicolas Tisserant, Hannes Beyer, Hao Dong, Patrick A Reissner, Yuriy Fedoryshyn, Andreas Stemmer
We report on using 100 keV electrons to obtain amorphous carbon from aliphatic and fullerene molecules, and study this process by monitoring their Raman signal. In this regard, we use self-assembled monolayers of gold nanoparticles to provide high electromagnetic field enhancement, which allows the detection of the Raman signal from even nanometer-thick layers of analyte. Our results show different dynamics in the amorphization process of the two molecules, although both show suppression of their original vibrational resonances even at low exposure doses...
April 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
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