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Yurij I Prylutskyy, Inna V Vereshchaka, Andriy V Maznychenko, Nataliya V Bulgakova, Olga O Gonchar, Olena A Kyzyma, Uwe Ritter, Peter Scharff, Tomasz Tomiak, Dmytro M Nozdrenko, Iryna V Mishchenko, Alexander I Kostyukov
BACKGROUND: Bioactive soluble carbon nanostructures, such as the C60 fullerene can bond with up to six electrons, thus serving by a powerful scavenger of reactive oxygen species similarly to many natural antioxidants, widely used to decrease the muscle fatigue effects. The aim of the study is to define action of the pristine C60 fullerene aqueous colloid solution (C60FAS), on the post-fatigue recovering of m. triceps surae in anaesthetized rats. RESULTS: During fatigue development, we observed decrease in the muscle effort level before C60FAS administration...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Di Gao, Shawkat M Aly, Paul-Ludovic Karsenti, Gessie Brisard, Pierre D Harvey
Two electron transfer polyads built upon [C60]-[ZnP]-[BODIPY] (1) and [ZnP]-[ZnP](-[BODIPY])(-[C60]) (2), where [C60] = N-methyl-2-phenyl-3,4-fulleropyrrolidine, [BODIPY] = boron dipyrromethane, and [ZnP] = zinc(ii) porphyrin, were synthesized along with their corresponding energy transfer polyads [ZnP]-[BODIPY] (1a) and [ZnP]-[ZnP]-[BODIPY] (2a) as well as relevant models. These polyads were studied using cyclic voltammetry, DFT computations, steady state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy, and fs transient absorption spectroscopy...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Biswajit Santra, Mikhail N Shneider, Roberto Car
We report a theoretical analysis showing that Rayleigh scattering could be used to monitor the growth of nanoparticles under arc discharge conditions. We compute the Rayleigh scattering cross sections of the nanoparticles by combining light scattering theory for gas-particle mixtures with calculations of the dynamic electronic polarizability of the nanoparticles. We find that the resolution of the Rayleigh scattering probe is adequate to detect nanoparticles as small as C60 at the expected concentrations of synthesis conditions in the arc periphery...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Koen Vandewal, Johannes Benduhn, Karl Sebastian Schellhammer, Tim Vangerven, Janna E Rückert, Fortunato Piersimoni, Reinhard Scholz, Olaf Zeika, Yeli Fan, Stephen Barlow, Dieter Neher, Seth R Marder, Jean Manca, Donato Spoltore, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Frank Ortmann
In disordered organic semiconductors, the transfer of a rather localized charge carrier from one site to another triggers a deformation of the molecular structure, quantified by the intramolecular relaxation energy. A similar structural relaxation occurs upon population of intermolecular charge-transfer (CT) states formed at organic electron donor (D)-acceptor (A) interfaces. Weak CT absorption bands for D-A complexes occur at photon energies below the optical gaps of both the donors and the C60 acceptor, as a result of optical transitions from the neutral ground state to the ionic CT state...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
E V Litasova, V V Iljin, A V Sokolov, V B Vasilyev, M A Dumpis, L B Piotrovskiy
It is shown for the first time that the mammalian enzymes can cause the degradation of the C60 fullerene molecules. This biodegradation is caused by the action of а hypochlorite generated neutrophil enzyme myeloperoxidase of fullerene molecule and leads to the loss of the topology of the fullerene core.
November 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
O V Lynchak, Yu I Prylutskyy, V K Rybalchenko, O A Kyzyma, D Soloviov, V V Kostjukov, M P Evstigneev, U Ritter, P Scharff
The antitumor activity of pristine C60 fullerene aqueous solution (C60FAS) compared to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and pyrrole derivative 1-(4-Cl-benzyl)-3-Cl-4-(CF3-fenylamino)-1H-pyrrol-2.5-dione (MI-1) cytostatic drugs was investigated and analyzed in detail using the model of colorectal cancer induced by 1.2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) in rats. The number, size, and location of the tumors were measured, and the pathology was examined. It was found that the number of tumors and total lesion area decreased significantly under the action of C60FAS and MI-1...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Cuong Nguyen-Kien, Nguyen Van Khanh, Christian Hanzen
The reproductive performance of Holstein x Lai Sind crossbred dairy heifers and cows was evaluated at smallholdings in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). The data of 232 heifers and 244 cows (261 lactations) from 35 small dairy farms was collected over a 2-year period, from 2013 to 2014. The overall mean for age at first service (AFS), days between first and last service (DFLS), and age at conception (AC) of heifers was 479 (±80), 38 (±80), and 517 (±114) days, respectively. Average number of services per conception (NSC), conception rate (CR), and conception rate at first service (CRFS) was 1...
January 5, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Li Wang, Jin-Ting Ye, He Chen, Zhen-Zhen Chen, Yong-Qing Qiu, Hai-Ming Xie
To reveal a new structure-property relationship regarding the nonlinear optical (NLO) properties of fullerenes that are associated with gamma (γ) density, fullerenes I (C40, C50, C60 and C70), whose heights range from 4.83 to 7.96 Å, and II (C24, C36, C48 and C72), whose widths range from 4.45 to 8.22 Å, have been the research objects. Calculation of their geometric and electronic structures, absorption spectra, and the second hyperpolarizability (γ) and the γ density analysis have been performed. It is found that the electronic spatial extent and the polarizability (α) value increase linearly as the fullerenes increase by every 12 carbon atoms...
January 5, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Suzie Douix, Denis Duflot, Denis Cubaynes, Jean-Marc Bizau, Alexandre Giuliani
Photoionization of a buckminsterfullerene ion is investigated using an ion trap and a merged beam setup coupled to synchrotron radiation beamlines and compared to theoretical calculations. Absolute measurements derived from the ion trap experiment allow discrepancies concerning the photoionization cross section of C60(+) to be solved.
January 5, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Dan Li, Qing Liu, Jieming Zhen, Zhimin Fang, Xiang Chen, Shangfeng Yang
By using a facile one-pot nucleophilic addition reaction, we synthesized a novel imidazole (IMZ)-functionalized fullerene (C60-IMZ), and applied it as a third component of inverted ternary polymer solar cells (PSCs), leading to dramatic efficiency enhancement. According to FT-IR, XPS spectroscopic characterizations and elemental analysis, the chemical structure of C60-IMZ was determined with the average IMZ addition number estimated to be six. The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) level of C60-IMZ measured by cyclic voltammetry was -3...
January 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Vijayakumar C Nair, Chinnadurai Muthu, Andrey L Rogach, Reiko Kohara, Vasudevanpillai Biju
Hydrophobically capped nanocrystals of formamidinium lead bromide (FAPbBr3 ) perovskite (PNC) show bright and stable fluorescence in solution and thin-film states. When compared with isolated PNCs in a solution, close-packed PNCs in a thin film show extended fluorescence lifetime (ca. 4.2 μs), which is due to hopping or migration of photogenerated excitons among PNCs. Both fluorescence quantum efficiency and lifetime decrease in a PNC thin film doped with fullerene (C60 ), which is attributed to channeling of exciton migration into electron transfer to C60 ...
December 30, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Yuki Komoto, Yuji Isshiki, Shintaro Fujii, Tomoaki Nishino, Manabu Kiguchi
Electronic structure of molecular junctions has a significant impact on their transport properties. Despite the decisive role of the electronic structure, a complete characterization of the electronic structure remains a challenge. This is because there is no straightforward way of measuring electron spectroscopy for an individual molecule trapped in a nanoscale gap between two metal electrodes. Here, we present a comprehensive approach to obtain a detailed description of the electronic structure in single-molecule junctions based on analysis of current-voltage (I-V) and thermoelectric characteristics of the single-molecule junction...
December 29, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Alejandro Valderrama, Radamés Reynoso, Raúl W Gómez, Vivianne Marquina, Martín Romero
We report first-principles calculations carried out to analyze the adsorption of calcium on the outer surface of the fullerene C60, yielding [C60 + mCa]. Geometric optimization (GO) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation were performed using the plane-wave pseudopotential method within the framework of density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) to investigate the configurations, the associated energies in the ground state, and the stabilities of fullerenes and endofullerenes doped with radioactive sodium iodide when they interact with calcium atoms on the outer fullerene surface (i...
January 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Ghada I Koleilat, Michael Vosgueritchian, Ting Lei, Yan Zhou, Debora W Lin, Franziska Lissel, Pei Lin, John W F To, Tian Xie, Kemar England, Yue Zhang, Zhenan Bao
Semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube (s-SWNT) light sensitized devices, such as infrared photodetectors and solar cells, have recently been widely reported. Despite their excellent individual electrical properties, efficient carrier transport from one carbon nanotube to another remains a fundamental challenge. Specifically, photovoltaic devices with active layers made from s-SWNTs have suffered from low efficiencies caused by three main challenges: the overwhelming presence of high-bandgap polymers in the films, the weak bandgap offset between the LUMO of the s-SWNTs and the acceptor C60, and the limited exciton diffusion length from one SWNT to another of around 5 nm that limits the carrier extraction efficiency...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Timothy D Berry, Timothy R Filley, Andrea P Clavijo, Marianne Bischoff Gray, Ronald F Turco
The environmental fate of functionalized carbon nanomaterials (CNM) remains poorly understood. Using 13C-labeled nanomaterial we present the results of a study investigating the mineralization and microbial uptake of surface-functionalized C60 (fullerols) in agricultural soils with contrasting properties. Soil microcosms rapidly mineralized fullerol C, as determined by 13C-content in the respired CO2, with higher fullerol mineralization in an organic, clay-rich soil versus a silty, low C soil (~56.3% vs. ~30...
December 26, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Takahiro Adachi, Shigeru Kakuta, Yoshiko Aihara, Tomonori Kamiya, Yohei Watanabe, Naomi Osakabe, Naoki Hazato, Atsushi Miyawaki, Soichiro Yoshikawa, Takako Usami, Hajime Karasuyama, Hiromi Kimoto-Nira, Kazuhiro Hirayama, Noriko M Tsuji
Probiotics, such as lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Bacillus subtilis var. natto, have been shown to modulate immune responses. It is important to understand how probiotic bacteria impact intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), because IECs are the first line of defense at the mucosal surface barrier and their activities substantially affect the gut microenvironment and immunity. However, to date, their precise mechanism remains unknown due to a lack of analytical systems available for live animal models. Recently, we generated a conditional Ca(2+) biosensor Yellow Cameleon (YC3...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Yi Wang, Melanie Moses-DeBusk, Lauren Stevens, Junkai Hu, Peter Y Zavalij, Kit Hansell Bowen, Brett I Dunlap, Evan R Glaser, Bryan W Eichhorn
K5Sb4 and K3Sb7 Zintl ion precursors react with Pd(PPh3)4 in ethylenediamine/toluene/PBu4(+) solutions to give crystals of Sb@Pd12@Sb20(n-)/PBu4(+) salts where n = 3, 4. The clusters are structurally identical in the two charge states, with near perfect Ih point symmetry, and can be viewed as an Sb@Pd12 icosahedron centered inside of an Sb20 dodecahedron. The metric parameters suggest very weak Sb-Sb and Pd-Pd interactions with strong radial Sb-Pd bonds between the Sb20 and Pd12 shells. All-electron DFT analysis shows the 3- ion to be diamagnetic with Ih symmetry and a 1...
December 24, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Yanan Di, Yann Aminot, Declan C Schroeder, James W Readman, Awadhesh N Jha
We used the marine bivalve (Mytilus galloprovincialis) to assess a range of biological or biomarker responses following exposure to a model-engineered nanoparticle, C60 fullerene, either alone or in combination with a model polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, benzo(α)pyrene [B(α)P]. An integrated biomarker approach was used that included: (i) determination of 'clearance rates' (a physiological indicator at individual level), (ii) histopathological alterations (at tissue level), (iii) DNA strand breaks using the comet assay (at cellular level) and (iv) transcriptional alterations of p53 (anti-oncogene) and ras (oncogene) determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (at the molecular/genetic level)...
January 2017: Mutagenesis
K Hirata, K Yamada, A Chiba, K Narumi, Y Saitoh
We report probability distributions of the number of secondary ions (SIs) emitted by sub-MeV C60 ion impacts on an organic polymer target and the characterization of their emission processes through the analysis of the distributions. The probability distributions were obtained by analyzing experimental SI counting data obtained by a time-of-flight SI mass spectrometer combined with pulsed primary ion beams, using an analytical model developed to derive the distributions from the experimental data. A series of probability distribution functions was investigated for ion impacts of C60 with sub-MeV energies (0...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
M Álvarez-Murga, J P Perrillat, Y Le Godec, F Bergame, J Philippe, A King, N Guignot, M Mezouar, J L Hodeau
X-ray tomography is a non-destructive three-dimensional imaging/microanalysis technique selective to a wide range of properties such as density, chemical composition, chemical states and crystallographic structure with extremely high sensitivity and spatial resolution. Here the development of in situ high-pressure high-temperature micro-tomography using a rotating module for the Paris-Edinburgh cell combined with synchrotron radiation is described. By rotating the sample chamber by 360°, the limited angular aperture of ordinary high-pressure cells is surmounted...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
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