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Yuangang Li, Pengfei Duan, Minghua Liu
A chiral gelator was designed and found to form chiral nanotwist and nanotube in toluene and DMSO, respectively, which could serve as host chiral matrixes for fabricating functional soft materials. Guest achiral π-conjugated donor and acceptor were doped in the gel and a solvent regulated self-assembly was observed. Although both the DMSO and toluene gels containing three components look similar as the transparent gels, it was clarified microscopically that while achiral dopants self-assembled in the confined nanotubes in DMSO gel, they only dissolve in the liquid phase in toluene gel...
March 24, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Lung-Chien Chen, Zong-Liang Tseng, Jun-Kai Huang
This work presents mixed (FAPbI₃)1-x(MAPbBr₃)x perovskite films with various composition ratios, x (x = 0-1), which are formed using the spin coating method. The structural, optical, and electronic behaviors of the mixed (FAPbI₃)1-x(MAPbBr₃)x perovskite films are discussed. A device with structure glass/indium tin oxide (ITO)/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS)/mixed perovskite/C60/BCP/Ag was fabricated. The mixed perovskite film was an active light-harvesting layer. PEDOT: PSS was a hole transporting layer between the ITO and perovskite...
October 13, 2016: Nanomaterials
Hua Tian, David A Six, Thomas Krucker, Jennifer A Leeds, Nicholas Winograd
The inherent difficulty of discovering new and effective antibacterials and the rapid development of resistance particularly in Gram-negative bacteria, illustrates the urgent need for new methods that enable rational drug design. Here we report the development of 3D imaging cluster secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) as a label-free approach to chemically map small molecules in aggregated and single Escherichia coli cells, with ~300 nm spatial resolution and high chemical sensitivity. The feasibility of quantitative analysis was explored, and a non-linear relationship between treatment dose and signal for tetracycline and ampicillin, two clinically-used antibacterials, was observed...
March 23, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
A Herreros-López, M Carini, T Da Ros, T Carofiglio, C Marega, V La Parola, V Rapozzi, L E Xodo, Ali A Alshatwi, C Hadad, M Prato
The covalent grafting of two amino-fullerene C60 derivatives (C60-LC-NH2 and C60-SC-NH2, LC=long chain and SC=short chain) onto the surface of TEMPO oxidized nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC-COOH) has been reported for the first time. These hybrids (NCC-LC-C60 and NCC-SC-C60) form stable colloidal suspensions at concentrations up to 0.5mg/mL and act as effective photosensitizers for singlet oxygen production as demonstrated by the oxidation of L-methionine-methyl ester to the corresponding sulphoxide. Using the same approach, in a one-pot reaction both a fluorescent target molecule (FITC-LC-NH2) and the C60-LC-NH2 derivative have been successfully attached covalently onto the NCC-COOH surface...
May 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yao Lu, Zhan-Da Fu, Qing-Hui Guo, Mei-Xiang Wang
O6-Corona[3]arene[3]tetrazines with expanded cavities were synthesized by one-pot SNAr reaction between 3,6-dichlorotetrazine and aromatic diols. The macrocycle-to-macrocycle transformation involving IEDDA of tetrazine moieties with an enamine followed by denitrogenative aromatization afforded O6-corona[3]arene[3]pyridazines. O6-Corona[6]arenes adopted coronary conformations yielding hexagonal cavities of varied sizes. While O6-corona[3]arene[3]pyridazines complexed both C60 and C70 in a virtually nonselective manner, O6-corona[3]arene[3]tetrazines behaved as selective receptors to complex C70 with K1:1 values up to (3...
March 21, 2017: Organic Letters
Nassir Mojarad, Jean-Nicolas Tisserant, Hannes Beyer, Hao Dong, Patrick A Reissner, Yuriy Fedoryshyn, Andreas Stemmer
We report on using 100 keV electrons to obtain amorphous carbon from aliphatic and fullerene molecules, and study this process by monitoring their Raman signal. In this regard, we use self-assembled monolayers of gold nanoparticles to provide high electromagnetic field enhancement, which allows the detection of the Raman signal from even nanometer-thick layers of analyte. Our results show different dynamics in the amorphization process of the two molecules, although both show suppression of their original vibrational resonances even at low exposure doses...
March 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
Xian-Sheng Ke, Taeyeon Kim, James T Brewster, Vincent M Lynch, Dongho Kim, Jonathan L Sessler
An expanded rosarian (P3P6) with a bowl-like conformation has been prepared and characterized. It is prepared in a one pot procedure that involves condensing a bispyrrole pyridine precursor (P1P2) with benzaldehyde, followed by oxidation. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals a bowl-like conformation in the solid state with an upper rim diameter defined by the meso-phenyl substituents of ca. 13.5 Å and a depth of roughly 6.3 Å. P3P6 forms both 1:1 and 2:1 complexes with C60 in the solid state...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Vesna Jacevic, Aleksandar Djordjevic, Branislava Srdjenovic, Vukosava Milic-Tores, Zoran Segrt, Viktorija Dragojevic-Simic, Kamil Kuca
Doxorubicin (DOX), commonly used antineoplastic agent, affects bone marrow, intestinal tract and heart, but it also has some hepatotoxic effects. Main mechanism of its toxicity is the production of free reactive oxygen species. Polyhidroxilated C60 fullerene derivatives, fullerenol nanoparticles (FNP), act as free radical scavengers in in vitro systems. The aim of the study was to investigate potential FNP protective role against DOX-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Experiments were performed on adult male Wistar rats...
March 16, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Ming-Chung Yang, Akhilesh K Sharma, W M C Sameera, Keiji Morokuma, Ming-Der Su
The addition reaction of M(Cl)(CO)(PPh3)2 (M = Rh, Ir) and M(PPh3)2 (M = Pd, Pt) fragments with X@C60 (X = 0, Li(+)) were characterized by density functional theory (DFT) and the artificial force-induced reaction (AFIR) method. The calculated free energy profiles suggested that the η(2)[6:6]-addition is the most favorable reaction, which is consistent with the experimental observations. In the presence of Li(+) ion, the reaction is highly exothermic, leading to η(2)[6:6] product of L4IrLi(+)@C60. In contrast, an endothermic reaction was observed in the absence of a Li(+) ion...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Tsukasa Futagoishi, Tomoko Aharen, Tatsuhisa Kato, Azusa Kato, Toshiyuki Ihara, Tomofumi Tada, Michihisa Murata, Atsushi Wakamiya, Hiroshi Kageyama, Yoshihiko Kanemitsu, Yasujiro Murata
A supramolecular complex was constructed by encapsulation of a (3) O2 molecule inside an open-cage C60 derivative. Its single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the presence of the (3) O2 at the center of the fullerene cage. The CV measurements suggested that unprecedented dehydrogenation was promoted by the encapsulated (3) O2 after two-electron reduction. The ESR measurements displayed the triplet character as well as the anisotropy of the (3) O2 . Additionally, the SQUID measurements also demonstrated the paramagnetic behavior above 3 K without an antiferromagnetic transition...
March 16, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Yong Jin Jeong, Dong-Jin Yun, Se Hyun Kim, Jaeyoung Jang, Chan Eon Park
Optical memories based on photoresponsive organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are of great interest due to their unique applications, such as multibit storage memories and flexible imaging circuits. Most studies of OFET-type memories have focused on the photoresponsive active channels, but more useful functions can be additionally given to the devices by using floating gates that can absorb light. In this case, effects of photoirradiation on photoactive floating-gate layers need to be fully understood...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jessica A Alexander, Frank J Scheltens, Lawrence F Drummy, Michael F Durstock, Fredrik S Hage, Quentin M Ramasse, David W McComb
Advances in electron monochromator technology are providing opportunities for high energy resolution (10 - 200meV) electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) to be performed in the scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM). The energy-loss near-edge structure in core-loss spectroscopy is often limited by core-hole lifetimes rather than the energy spread of the incident illumination. However, in the valence-loss region, the reduced width of the zero loss peak makes it possible to resolve clearly and unambiguously spectral features at very low energy-losses (<3eV)...
March 2, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
Anna N Bloom, Hua Tian, Christian Schoen, Nicholas Winograd
Obtaining a comprehensive grasp of the behavior and interaction of pharmaceutical compounds within single cells provides some of the fundamental details necessary for more effective drug development. In particular, the changes ensuing in the carrier, drug, and host environment in targeted drug therapy applications must be explored in greater detail, as these are still not well understood. Here, nilotinib-functionalized gold nanoparticles are examined within single mammalian cells with use of imaging cluster secondary ion mass spectrometry in a model study designed to enhance our understanding of what occurs to these particles once that have been internalized...
March 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Victor A Brotsman, Vitaliy A Ioutsi, Alexey V Rybalchenko, Vitaliy Yu Markov, Nikita M Belov, Natalia S Lukonina, Sergey I Troyanov, Ilya N Ioffe, Vasiliy A Trukhanov, Galina K Galimova, Artur A Mannanov, Dmitry N Zubov, Erhard Kemnitz, Lev N Sidorov, Tatiana V Magdesieva, Dmitry Yu Paraschuk, Alexey A Goryunkov
A series of novel highly soluble double-caged [60]fullerene derivatives were prepared by means of lithium salt-assisted [2+3]-cycloaddition. The bispheric molecules feature rigid linking of the fullerene spheres via a four-membered cycle and a pyrrolizidine bridge with an ester function CO2R (R=n-decyl, n-octadecyl, benzyl, and n-butyl: compounds 1a-d, respectively), as demonstrated by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Cyclic voltammetry studies revealed three closely overlapping pairs of reversible peaks due to consecutive one-electron reductions of fullerene cages, as well as an irreversible oxidation peak attributed to abstraction of an electron from the nitrogen lone electron pair...
March 9, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Rakesh Gupta, Beena Rai
The molecular level permeation mechanism of fullerenes and its derivatives through human skin could open a vast area for designing novel nanoparticles for cosmetics and drug delivery applications. In this study, we report the permeation mechanism of pristine fullerene C60 for the first time through the skin lipid layer, as determined via prolonged unconstrained and constrained coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations. The skin layer was modelled as an equimolar ratio of ceramides, cholesterol and free fatty acids...
March 10, 2017: Nanoscale
Hui Xiong, Benoit Mignolet, Li Fang, Timur Osipov, Thomas J A Wolf, Emily Sistrunk, Markus Gühr, Francoise Remacle, Nora Berrah
The interaction of gas phase endohedral fullerene Ho3N@C80 with intense (0.1-5 × 10(14) W/cm(2)), short (30 fs), 800 nm laser pulses was investigated. The power law dependence of Ho3N@C80(q+), q = 1-2, was found to be different from that of C60. Time-dependent density functional theory computations revealed different light-induced ionization mechanisms. Unlike in C60, in doped fullerenes, the breaking of the cage spherical symmetry makes super atomic molecular orbital (SAMO) states optically active...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
Nicholas J Popczun, Lars Breuer, Andreas Wucher, Nicholas Winograd
The prospect of improved secondary ion yields for secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) experiments drives innovation of new primary ion sources, instrumentation, and post-ionization techniques. The largest factor affecting secondary ion efficiency is believed to be the poor ionization probability (α(+)) of sputtered material, a value rarely measured directly, but estimated to be in some cases as low as 10(-5). Our lab has developed a method for the direct determination of α(+) in a SIMS experiment using laser post-ionization (LPI) to detect neutral molecular species in the sputtered plume for an organic compound...
March 6, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Fu-Yu Hsieh, A V Zhilenkov, I I Voronov, E A Khakina, D V Mischenko, Pavel A Troshin, Shan-Hui Hsu
Delivering drugs to the central nervous system (CNS) is a major challenge in treating CNS-related diseases. Nanoparticles that can cross blood-brain barrier (BBB) are potential tools. In this study, water-soluble C60 fullerene derivatives with different types of linkages between the fullerene cage and the solubilizing addend were synthesized (compounds 1-3: C-C bonds, compounds 4-5: C-S bonds, compound 6: C-P bonds, and compounds 7-9: C-N bonds). Fullerene derivatives 1-6 were observed to induce neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation in vitro and rescue the function of injured CNS in zebrafish...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Noritake Murakami, Yuto Tango, Hideaki Miyake, Tomoyuki Tajima, Yuta Nishina, Wataru Kurashige, Yuichi Negishi, Yutaka Takaguchi
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are potentially strong optical absorbers with tunable absorption bands depending on their chiral indices (n, m). Their application for solar energy conversion is difficult because of the large binding energy (>100 meV) of electron-hole pairs, known as excitons, produced by optical absorption. Recent development of photovoltaic devices based on SWCNTs as light-absorbing components have shown that the creation of heterojunctions by pairing chirality-controlled SWCNTs with C60 is the key for high power conversion efficiency...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Bhim Bali Prasad, Ragini Singh, Anil Kumar
A novel water-compatible C60-monoadduct based imprinted micelles was synthesized by the self-assembly of vinylic-C60-monoadduct with sodium dodecylsulfate micellar system, in the presence of chlorambucil as a model template (anticancer drug). After template retrieval with acetonitrile, these imprinted micelles were immobilized at the surface of ionic liquid decorated carbon ceramic electrode. Herein, C60-monoadduct (the head group of micelle) actually served as a nanomediator for electronic transmission across multiple interfaces...
February 24, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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