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Pancreatic cancer imaging

K Blouhos, K A Boulas, A Paraskeva, I Kariotis, N Barettas, A Hatzigeorgiadis
INTRODUCTION: Secondary pancreatic tumors are uncommon and account for 2-5% of pancreatic cancer. Tumors characterized most commonly with pancreatic involvement are lymphoma, renal cell and lung carcinomas. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 76-year-old female patient with obstructive jaundice as the primary symptom and inguinal lymphadenopathy is presented. Imaging revealed a bulky solitary solid pancreatic head mass along with paraaortic and mesenteric lymphadenopathy. The absence of a previous history of malignancy and the presence of a dominant pancreatic mass along with distal lymphadenopathy confined differential diagnosis to advanced secondary pancreatic lymphoma, which is the most common secondary pancreatic tumor, and locally advanced/metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Fernanda Ramos-Gomes, Julia Bode, Alyona Sukhanova, Svetlana V Bozrova, Mara Saccomano, Miso Mitkovski, Julia Eva Krueger, Anja K Wege, Walter Stuehmer, Pavel S Samokhvalov, Daniel Baty, Patrick Chames, Igor Nabiev, Frauke Alves
Early detection of malignant tumours and, especially, micrometastases and disseminated tumour cells is still a challenge. In order to implement highly sensitive diagnostic tools we demonstrate the use of nanoprobes engineered from nanobodies (single-domain antibodies, sdAbs) and fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) for single- and two-photon detection and imaging of human micrometastases and disseminated tumour cells in ex vivo biological samples of breast and pancreatic metastatic tumour mouse models expressing human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) or carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jennifer M Kolb, Pamela Argiriadi, Karen Lee, Xiaoyu Liu, Emilia Bagiella, Aimee L Lucas, Michelle Kang Kim, Nikhil A Kumta, Satish Nagula, Umut Sarpel, Christopher J DiMaio
BACKGROUND & AIMS: For patients with branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (BD-IPMNs, cysts), it is a challenge to identify those at high risk for malignant lesions. We sought to identify factors associated with development of pancreatic cancer, focusing on neoplasm growth rate. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 189 patients with BD-IPMNs who underwent at least 2 contrast-enhanced cross-sectional imaging studies, 1 year or more apart, at a tertiary referral center from January 2003 through 2013...
March 10, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Zhimin Tao, Mandar Deepak Muzumdar, Alexandre Detappe, Xing Huang, Eric Xu, Yingjie Yu, Tarek H Mouhieddine, Haiqin Song, Tyler Jacks, P Peter Ghoroghchian
Human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) contains a distinctively dense stroma that limits the accessibility of anticancer drugs, contributing to its poor overall prognosis. Nanoparticles can enhance drug delivery and retention in pancreatic tumors and have been utilized clinically for their treatment. In preclinical investigations, various mouse models differentially recapitulate the microenvironmental features of human PDAC. Here, we demonstrate that through utilization of different organic co-solvents and by doping of a homopolymer of poly(ε-caprolactone), a diblock copolymer composition of poly(ethylene oxide)- block-poly(ε-caprolactone) may be utilized to generate biodegradable and nanoscale micelles with different physical properties...
March 13, 2018: Nano Letters
Stefano Menini, Carla Iacobini, Luisa de Latouliere, Isabella Manni, Vittoria Ionta, Claudia Blasetti Fantauzzi, Carlo Pesce, Paola Cappello, Francesco Novelli, Giulia Piaggio, Giuseppe Pugliese
Diabetes is an established risk factor for pancreatic cancer (PaC), together with obesity, Western diet and tobacco smoking. The common mechanistic link might be the accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), which characterizes all the above disease conditions and unhealthy habits. Surprisingly, however, the role of AGEs in PaC has not been examined yet, despite the evidence of a tumor-promoting role of RAGE, the receptor for AGEs. Here, we tested the hypothesis that AGEs promote PaC through RAGE activation...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pathology
Gijs A Looijen, Bobby K Pranger, Koert P de Jong, Jan Pieter Pennings, Vincent E de Meijer, Joris I Erdmann
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the additional value of laparoscopic ultrasound (LUS) to staging laparoscopy (SL) for detecting occult liver metastases in patients with potentially resectable pancreatic head cancer. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed including all patients who underwent SL and LUS between 2005 and 2016. LUS was performed during SL to detect liver metastases not found by preoperative imaging or visual inspection of the liver...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Hye-Yeong Kim, Xiaolei Wang, Rui Kang, Daolin Tang, Brian A Boone, Herbert J Zeh, Michael T Lotze, W Barry Edwards
Noninvasive detection of both early pancreatic neoplasia and metastases could enhance strategies to improve patient survival in this disease that is notorious for an extremely poor prognosis. There are almost no identifiable targets for non-invasive diagnosis by positron emission tomography (PET) for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Over-expression of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is found on the cell surface of both pre-neoplastic lesions and invasive PDAC. Here, a RAGE-specific single chain (scFv) was developed, specific for PET imaging in syngeneic mouse models of PDAC...
2018: PloS One
Alex Root, Peter Allen, Paul Tempst, Kenneth Yu
Approximately 75% of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma are diagnosed with advanced cancer, which cannot be safely resected. The most commonly used biomarker CA19-9 has inadequate sensitivity and specificity for early detection, which we define as Stage I/II cancers. Therefore, progress in next-generation biomarkers is greatly needed. Recent reports have validated a number of biomarkers, including combination assays of proteins and DNA mutations; however, the history of translating promising biomarkers to clinical utility suggests that several major hurdles require careful consideration by the medical community...
March 7, 2018: Cancers
Shufang Yang, Jie Liu, Haiying Jin, Xiang He, Peng Nie, Changfu Wang
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical value of magnetic resonance images (MRI) in preoperative staging and resectability evaluation of pancreatic cancer. Materials and Methods: Thirty-one pancreatic cancer patients who received operation from January 2012 to May 2017 were included in this study. The upper abdominal MRI of 31 cases were analyzed retrospectively. The results of operation and pathology were compared to evaluate the correlation between MRI staging and postoperative pathological staging of pancreatic cancer...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Hinrich Wieder, Ambros J Beer, Jens Siveke, Tibor Schuster, Andreas K Buck, Ken Herrmann, Jens C Stollfuss
Purpose: The aim of this study was to correlate preoperative 3'-deoxy-3'-[18 F] fluorothymidine (FLT) uptake with the clinical outcome and survival in these patients after surgery. Materials and Methods: We performed a prospective analysis in 27 patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (15 males, 12 females, mean age: 62 ± 13 years, range: 34 - 86 years). FLT PET (45 min p.i., 300 MBq FLT; ECAT HR+) images were acquired according to standard protocols. FLT uptake was quantified using standardised uptake values (SUV)...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Freddy E Escorcia, Jeffrey M Steckler, Dalya Abdel-Atti, Eric W Price, Sean D Carlin, Wolfgang W Scholz, Jason S Lewis, Jacob L Houghton
PURPOSE: Tumor-specific molecular imaging is an important tool for assessing disease burden and treatment response. CA19.9 is an important tumor-specific marker in several malignancies, including urothelial carcinoma. [89 Zr]DFO-HuMab-5B1 (MVT-2163) is a CA19.9-specific antibody-based construct that has been validated in preclinical animal models of lung, colorectal, and pancreatic malignancies for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and is currently in a phase I trial for pancreatic cancer (NCT02687230)...
March 5, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Sho Takeshita, Toshiyasu Ogata, Hidekazu Mera, Jun Tsugawa, Mikiko Aoki, Morishige Takeshita, Yoshio Tsuboi
A 65-year-old woman presented to our emergency room because of sudden onset of right hemiparesis with severe fatigue. Neurological examination revealed right hemiparesis with right facial numbness and an extensor planter response on the right side.Magnetic resonance imaging with diffusion-weighted imaging revealed multiple highintensity areas in both cerebral hemispheres and the right cerebellum. A diagnosis of acute stage of multiple brain infarctions caused by emboli was made. An abdominal computed tomography showed a pancreatic tumor with multiple liver metastases...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Chih-Horng Wu, Ming-Chu Chang, Vladimir K Lyadov, Po-Chin Liang, Chyi-Mong Chen, Tiffany Ting-Fang Shih, Yu-Ting Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sarcopenia and cachexia are associated with pancreatic cancer and serve as important adverse prognostic factors. Body composition can be analyzed by routine computed tomography (CT) for cancer staging and has been used to study many types of cancer. The CT measurements are robust, but the diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia vary among different studies. Age, sex and race are important factors that affect muscle and fat masses. This study aimed to analyze the effect of different sarcopenia diagnostic criteria on the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Matthew B Lipner, Jen Jen Yeh
Next-generation sequencing of pancreatic juice can detect and quantify tumor-promoting mutations, supporting imaging and cytology findings to predict the degree of dysplasia in patients at high risk for pancreatic cancer. Future studies are needed to optimize this approach and determine how it best fits into clinical practice.
March 2, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Steffi J E Rombouts, Tyche C Derksen, Chung Y Nio, Richard van Hillegersberg, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Marieke S Walma, Izaak Q Molenaar, Maarten S van Leeuwen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to provide a systematic evaluation of the computed tomography(CT) findings after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in locally advanced pancreatic cancer(LAPC). METHODS: Eighteen patients with intra-operative RFA-treated LAPC were included in a prospective case series. All CT-scans performed prior to RFA and 1 week and 3 months of post-RFA, according to standard regimen, were assessed by two radiologists in consensus, using standardized radiological scoring lists...
February 28, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Ijin Joo, Jeong Min Lee, Eun Sun Lee, Su Joa Ahn, Dong Ho Lee, Sun-Whe Kim, Ji Kon Ryu, Do-Youn Oh, Kyubo Kim, Kyoung-Bun Lee, Jin-Young Jang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of MDCT in assessing tumor resectability in patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancers after receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in comparison with those undergoing upfront surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancers were randomly allocated to the neoadjuvant CRT group (arm 1; n = 18) or up-front surgery group (arm 2; n = 19)...
February 28, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Yao Pan, Jieyu Chen, Risheng Yu
Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor and surgical resection is the only curative treatment option. In order to improve the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer, it is very important to diagnose and evaluate pancreatic cancer accurately and early. Imaging examinations play an important role in tumor detection, staging and surgical resectability evaluation, which can provide reliable evidences for diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer. At present, the imaging techniques commonly used for diagnosis of pancreatic cancer include conventional ultrasound, endoscopic ultrasonography, PET-CT, multi-detector row CT (MDCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in which MDCT and MRI are the most widely used...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
M G Keane, A Shamali, L N Nilsson, A Antila, J Millastre Bocos, M Marijinissen Van Zanten, C Verdejo Gil, P Maisonneuve, Y Vaalavuo, T Hoskins, S Robinson, G O Ceyhan, M Abu Hilal, S P Pereira, J Laukkarinen, M Del Chiaro
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) are rare mucin-producing cystic tumours defined by the presence of ovarian-type stroma. MCNs have a malignant potential and thus surgery is frequently performed. The aim of this cohort study was to define better the criteria for surgical resection in patients with MCN. METHODS: This multicentre retrospective study included all resected MCNs between 2003 and 2015 in participating centres. Lesions without ovarian-type stroma were excluded...
March 2018: British Journal of Surgery
John Manov, Michael Langston, Patrick Roth, Jodie Barkin, Russ Kuker, Jamie S Barkin
Pancreatic cancer is often detected in late stages, which contributes to its grim prognosis. Although the manifestations of pancreatic cancer most often include nonspecific gastrointestinal complaints, we report a case with the sole initial complaint of halitosis and subsequent diagnostic workup demonstrating a pancreatic mass with secondary pancreatocolonic fistulization. The etiologies of and the radiological findings pertaining to halitosis, the presenting symptoms and imaging studies relevant to the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and the imaging and clinical findings of pancreatic fistulization are discussed...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Michele M Gage, Bradley N Reames, Aslam Ejaz, Johnathan Sham, Elliot K Fishman, Matthew J Weiss, Christopher L Wolfgang, Jin He
Resection with clean margin (R0 resection) is associated with better survival in patients with pancreatic cancer. Over the last decade, advancements in preoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy in pancreatic cancer have led to expansion of indications for surgical resection. Current guidelines define pancreatic cancer with unreconstructable vascular involvement as locally advanced, or surgically unresectable. We present our experience in managing patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer with a very unique series of patients who achieved R0 resection despite "unresectable" vascular involvement...
February 2018: Chinese Clinical Oncology
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