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Innovation leadership

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165682/the-silencing-of-political-context-in-health-research-in-ethiopia-why-it-should-be-a-concern
#1
Marit Tolo Østebø, Megan D Cogburn, Anjum Shams Mandani
In 2004, the Ethiopian government launched what has been called an innovative and groundbreaking solution to the country's public health challenges; the Health Extension Programme (HEP). The positive public health outcomes that have been reported following the implementation of the HEP have led researchers and global health actors to propose it as a model for other countries to emulate. In this systematic review, we point to a potential weakness and methodological bias in the existing research. Despite being implemented within a context of an increasingly authoritarian regime, research conducted following the implementation of HEP reflects a limited discussion of the political context...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159211/the-relationship-between-knowledge-of-leadership-and-knowledge-management-practices-in-the-food-industry-in-kurdistan-province-iran
#2
Seyyed Mohammad Moosavi Jad, Sahar Geravandi, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi, Rashin Alizadeh, Mohammad Sarvarian, Babak Rastegarimehr, Abolhasan Afkar, Ahmad Reza Yari, Mahboobeh Momtazan, Aliasghar Valipour, Mohammad Mahboubi, Azimeh Karimyan, Alireza Mazraehkar, Ali Soleimani Nejad, Hafez Mohammadi
The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between the knowledge of leadership and knowledge management practices. This research strategy, in terms of quantity, procedure and obtain information, is descriptive and correlational. Statistical population, consist of all employees of a food industry in Kurdistan province of Iran, who were engaged in 2016 and their total number is about 1800 people. 316 employees in the Kurdistan food industry (Kurdistan FI) were selected, using Cochran formula. Non-random method and valid questions (standard) for measurement of the data are used...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157569/a-regional-consortium-for-doctor-of-nursing-practice-education-integrating-improvement-science-into-the-curriculum
#3
Shea Polancich, Linda Roussel, Barbara Ann Graves, Pamela V O'Neal
The DNP curriculum prepares the graduate for evidence informed improvement translation through coursework integrating improvement, safety, and translation sciences. Innovative leadership skills are necessary to lead inter-professional unit-based and health system opportunities. Equipping the DNP with the necessary skills and competencies to accomplish any type of improvement translation requires exposure to the tools and techniques of these sciences with an emphasis in didactic content. With a foundational knowledge of the principles for improvement, translation and application will follow...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156118/strategies-in-assessment-of-leadership-competencies
#4
David M Rosch, Kerry L Priest
This chapter focuses on common pitfalls in assessing leadership competencies, simple strategies to avoid them, and innovative theoretical approaches and strategies in assessment.
December 2017: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149271/rangatahi-t%C3%A5-rangatira-innovative-health-promotion-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#5
Christina Severinsen, Angelique Reweti
Rangatahi Tū Rangatira (R2R) is a national health promotion programme in Aotearoa New Zealand which aims to promote cultural and physical wellbeing for rangatahi (young people) and their whānau (family). Grounded in tikanga Māori, the programme focuses on total wellbeing, leadership and cultural awareness providing rangatahi opportunities to increase their participation in physical activity and cultural knowledge through ngā taonga tākaro (Māori ancestral games). This paper focuses on an evaluation of this innovative health promotion programme focussing on the delivery of R2R by a local iwi provider in a rural area...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141742/characterizing-the-last-latrine-nonowners-in-rural-malawi
#6
Jurgita Slekiene, Hans-Joachim Mosler
Open defecation is a public health problem worldwide. NGOs in developing countries use various approaches to increase latrine coverage, but for little-understood reasons, some of the population does not adopt latrine construction. The objective of our research was to uncover which of the factors predicting latrine construction are relevant to the last nonowners of latrines, termed laggards in the diffusion of innovations theory. In a cross-sectional study, quantitative face-to-face interviews were conducted in households in rural Malawi (N = 824) to assess the behavioral determinants of latrine construction, mental health, and leadership...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140662/re-framing-biotechnology-regulation
#7
Alison Peck
Biotechnology is about to spill the banks of federal regulation. New genetic engineering techniques like CRISPR-Cas9 promise revolutionary breakthroughs in medicine, agriculture, and public health—but those techniques would not be regulated under the terms of the Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology. This revolutionary moment in biotechnology offers an opportunity to correct the flaws in the framework, which was hastily patched together at the advent of the technology. The framework has never captured all relevant technologies, has never satisfied the public that risk is being effectively managed, and has never been accessible to small companies and publicly-funded labs that increasingly are positioned to make radical, life-saving innovations...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140081/the-human-milk-glycome-as-a-defense-against-infectious-diseases-rationale-challenges-and-opportunities
#8
Kelly M Craft, Steven D Townsend
Each year over 3 million people die from infectious diseases with most of these deaths being poor and young children who live in low- and middle-income countries. Infectious diseases emerge for a multitude of reasons. On the social front, reasons include a breakdown of public health standards, international travel, and immigration (for financial, civil, and social reasons). At the molecular level, the modern rise of infectious diseases is tied to the juxtaposition of drug-resistant pathogens and a lack of new antimicrobials...
November 15, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138887/-developments-in-dysphagia-diagnostics-presentation-of-an-interdisciplinary-concept
#9
REVIEW
C Pflug, T Flügel, J C Nienstedt
Demographic developments and medical progress will cause the already high prevalence of swallowing disorders to increase further in the future. With the same number of specialists and economic resources, it is necessary to improve the efficiency of dysphagia diagnostics and continue to offer patients a treatment concept tailored to their needs. Manifold and often co-existing causes of dysphagia require interdisciplinary cooperation in this area. Endoscopic swallowing diagnostics play a prominent role in dysphagia diagnostics and should always contain thorough endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract-the domain of the ENT specialist and phoniatrician...
November 14, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#10
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105870/service-learning-partnerships-features-that-promote-transformational-and-sustainable-rural-and-remote-health-partnerships-and-services
#11
Debra Jones, Lindy McAllister, Robert Dyson, David Lyle
OBJECTIVE: To describe features that promote transformational and sustainable community engaged health partnerships and services in rural and remote Australian locations. DESIGN: A pragmatic qualitative study using focus groups and individual semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using four stages of data comparison. SETTING: Far west New South Wales, Australia. The health partnership, initiated by primary school principals in 2008, aimed to address allied health service inequities experienced by regional children...
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093688/transformational-leadership-transactional-contingent-reward-and-organizational-identification-the-mediating-effect-of-perceived-innovation-and-goal-culture-orientations
#12
Athena Xenikou
Purpose: The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of transformational leadership and transactional contingent reward as complementary, but distinct, forms of leadership on facets of organizational identification via the perception of innovation and goal organizational values. Design/Methodology/Approach: Three studies were carried out implementing either a measurement of mediation or experimental-causal-chain design to test for the hypothesized effects. Findings: The measurement of mediation study showed that transformational leadership had a positive direct and indirect effect, via innovation value orientation, on cognitive identification, whereas transactional contingent reward was more strongly related to affective, rather than cognitive, identification, and goal orientation was a mediator of their link...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062950/synthetic-biology-in-the-uk-an-outline-of-plans-and-progress
#13
REVIEW
L J Clarke, R I Kitney
Synthetic biology is capable of delivering new solutions to key challenges spanning the bioeconomy, both nationally and internationally. Recognising this significant potential and the associated need to facilitate its translation and commercialisation the UK government commissioned the production of a national Synthetic Biology Roadmap in 2011, and subsequently provided crucial support to assist its implementation. Critical infrastructural investments have been made, and important strides made towards the development of an effectively connected community of practitioners and interest groups...
December 2016: Synthetic and Systems Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056596/is-there-a-correlation-between-coaches-leadership-styles-and-injuries-in-elite-football-teams-a-study-of-36-elite-teams-in-17-countries
#14
Jan Ekstrand, Daniel Lundqvist, Lars Lagerbäck, Marc Vouillamoz, Niki Papadimitiou, Jon Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Do coaches' leadership styles affect injury rates and the availability of players in professional football? Certain types of leadership behaviour may cause stress and have a negative impact on players' health and well-being. AIM: To investigate the transformational leadership styles of head coaches in elite men's football and to evaluate the correlation between leadership styles, injury rates and players' availability. METHODS: Medical staff from 36 elite football clubs in 17 European countries produced 77 reports at four postseason meetings with a view to assessing their perception of the type of leadership exhibited by the head coaches of their respective teams using the Global Transformational Leadership scale...
October 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054104/integrating-gerontology-and-community-concepts-through-simulation
#15
Jacqueline Kayler DeBrew, Susan Hensley-Hannah
This article describes an innovative simulation experience for nursing students. Faculty from a community health nursing course and a course in gerontology worked together to provide a comprehensive simulation experience that combined low-fidelity and high-fidelity experiences that provided an integrated learning experience and gave faculty with an opportunity to collaborate to improve outcomes. Student and faculty feedback was overwhelmingly positive. Future plans include incorporating a third didactic course, Leadership and Management, and working with other disciplines to demonstrate interprofessional collaboration...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040303/continuing-professional-development-for-medical-nursing-and-midwifery-cadres-in-malawi-tanzania-and-south-africa-a-qualitative-evaluation
#16
Caryl Feldacker, Jillian Pintye, Sheena Jacob, Michael H Chung, Lyn Middleton, Jill Iliffe, H Nina Kim
BACKGROUND: As innovations in the prevention and treatment of HIV and TB advance, continuing professional development (CPD) of health care workers (HCWs) remains a high priority, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where dual TB/HIV epidemics are compounded by severe HCW shortages. There is further need to examine CPD programs to identify challenges and effective solutions to strengthen HIV/TB-related CPD. METHODS: Qualitative evaluations in Malawi, Tanzania and South Africa (RSA) were conducted using key informant interviews (KIIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) in each country to identify barriers and enablers of effective HIV/TB-related CPD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030677/safe-surgery-for-all-early-lessons-from-implementing-a-national-government-driven-surgical-plan-in-ethiopia
#17
Daniel Burssa, Atlibachew Teshome, Katherine Iverson, Olivia Ahearn, Tigistu Ashengo, David Barash, Erin Barringer, Isabelle Citron, Kaya Garringer, Victoria McKitrick, John Meara, Abraham Mengistu, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Cheri Reynolds, Mark Shrime, Asha Varghese, Samson Esseye, Abebe Bekele
Recognizing the unmet need for surgical care in Ethiopia, the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) has pioneered innovative methodologies for surgical system development with Saving Lives through Safe Surgery (SaLTS). SaLTS is a national flagship initiative designed to improve access to safe, essential and emergency surgical and anaesthesia care across all levels of the healthcare system. Sustained commitment from the FMOH and their recruitment of implementing partners has led to notable accomplishments across the breadth of the surgical system, including but not limited to: (1) Leadership, management and governance-a nationally scaled surgical leadership and mentorship programme, (2) Infrastructure-operating room construction and oxygen delivery plan, (3) Supplies and logistics-a national essential surgical procedure and equipment list, (4) Human resource development-a Surgical Workforce Expansion Plan and Anaesthesia National Roadmap, (5) Advocacy and partnership-strong FMOH partnership with international organizations, including GE Foundation's SafeSurgery2020 initiative, (6) Innovation-facility-driven identification of problems and solutions, (7) Quality of surgical and anaesthesia care service delivery-a national peri-operative guideline and WHO Surgical Safety Checklist implementation, and (8) Monitoring and evaluation-a comprehensive plan for short-term and long-term assessment of surgical quality and capacity...
December 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024362/the-impact-of-entrepreneurial-leadership-on-nurses-innovation-behavior
#18
Afsaneh Bagheri, Morteza Akbari
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of entrepreneurial leadership on nurses' innovation work behavior and its dimensions. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study employed the 10-item Innovation Work Behavior Questionnaire and the 8-item Entrepreneurial Leadership Questionnaire to explore the impact of entrepreneurial leadership on the innovation work behavior of 273 nurses from public and private hospitals in Iran. FINDINGS: Entrepreneurial leadership had a significant positive impact on nurses' innovation work behavior and most strongly improved idea exploration, followed by idea generation, idea implementation, and idea championing...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989553/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-intervention-study-of-a-mindfulness-based-self-leadership-training-mbslt-on-stress-and-performance
#19
Juliane Sampl, Thomas Maran, Marco R Furtner
The present randomized pilot intervention study examines the effects of a mindfulness-based self-leadership training (MBSLT) specifically developed for academic achievement situations. Both mindfulness and self-leadership have a strong self-regulatory focus and are helpful in terms of stress resilience and performance enhancements. Based on several theoretical points of contact and a specific interplay between mindfulness and self-leadership, the authors developed an innovative intervention program that improves mood as well as performance in a real academic setting...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957865/enhanced-influence-through-advancing-scope-of-practice-policy-research-an-interview-with-alex-hoyt
#20
Jeffrey M Adams
This department highlights emerging nursing leaders who have demonstrated leadership in advancing innovation and patient care in practice policy, research, education, and theory. This interview profiles Alex Hoyt, assistant professor at Massachusetts Institute for Health Professions.
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
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