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Arginine chloride

Chu Shan Tan, Mun Fei Yam
Previous studies have demonstrated that 3'-hydroxy-5,6,7,4'-tetramethoxyflavone (TMF) content in Orthosiphon stamineus fractions correlate with its vasorelaxation activity. Even with the availability of previous studies, there is still very little information on the vasorelaxation effect of TMF, and few scientific studies have been carried out. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the vasorelaxation activity and mechanism of action of the TMF. The vasorelaxation activity and the underlying mechanisms of TMF were evaluated on thoracic aortic rings isolated from Sprague Dawley rats...
March 19, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Fatema Bhinderwala, Samantha Lonergan, Jade Woods, Chunyi Zhou, Paul D Fey, Robert Powers
Isotopically labeling a metabolite and tracing its metabolic fate has provided invaluable insights about the role of metabolism in human diseases in addition to a variety of other issues.13 C-labeled metabolite tracers or unlabeled1 H-based NMR experiments are currently the most common application of NMR to metabolomics studies. Unfortunately, the coverage of the metabolome has been consequently limited to the most abundant carbon-containing metabolites. To expand the coverage of the metabolome and enhance the impact of metabolomics studies, we present a protocol for15 N-labeled metabolite tracer experiments that may also be combined with routine13 C-tracer experiments to simultaneously detect both15 N- and13 C-labeled metabolites in metabolic samples...
March 5, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
A C McGeachy, N Dalchand, E R Caudill, T Li, M Doğangün, L L Olenick, H Chang, J A Pedersen, F M Geiger
Charge densities of cationic polymers adsorbed to lipid bilayers are estimated from second harmonic generation (SHG) spectroscopy and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) measurements. The systems surveyed included poly(vinylamine hydrochloride) (PVAm), poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC), poly-l-lysine (PLL), and poly-l-arginine (PLR), as well as polyalcohol controls. Upon accounting for the number of positive charges associated with each polyelectrolyte, the binding constants and apparent free energies of adsorption as estimated from SHG data are comparable despite differences in molecular masses and molecular structure, with ΔGads values of -61 ± 2, -58 ± 2, -57 ± 1, -52 ± 2, -52 ± 1 kJ mol-1 for PDADMAC400 , PDADMAC100 , PVAm, PLL, and PLR, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Koichiro Ogawa, Hidetaka Suga, Chikafumi Ozone, Mayu Sakakibara, Tomiko Yamada, Mayuko Kano, Kazuki Mitsumoto, Takatoshi Kasai, Yu Kodani, Hiroshi Nagasaki, Naoki Yamamoto, Daisuke Hagiwara, Motomitsu Goto, Ryoichi Banno, Yoshihisa Sugimura, Hiroshi Arima
Arginine-vasopressin (AVP) neurons exist in the hypothalamus, a major region of the diencephalon, and play an essential role in water balance. Here, we established the differentiation method for AVP-secreting neurons from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) by recapitulating in vitro the in vivo embryonic developmental processes of AVP neurons. At first, the differentiation efficiency was improved. That was achieved through the optimization of the culture condition for obtaining dorsal hypothalamic progenitors...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Marc-Henri Asmar, Louis Gaboury, Issam Saliba
Objectives Endolymphatic sac (ELS) pathophysiology in Ménière's disease (MD) remains poorly understood. We identified from the literature a group of proteins expressed on the ELS and involved in endolymph volume regulation: aquaporin-2 (AQP2), vasopressin receptor V2R, sodium potassium chloride cotransporter 2 (NKCC2), and transient receptor potential cation channel V4 (TRPV4). Our objective was to determine whether their ELS expression was altered in MD, to better understand the pathophysiology of endolymphatic hydrops...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Elena A Buvaylo, Vladimir N Kokozay, Nataliia Yu Strutynska, Olga Yu Vassilyeva, Brian W Skelton
Guanidine is the functional group on the side chain of arginine, one of the fundamental building blocks of life. In recent years, a number of compounds based on the aminoguanidine (AG) moiety have been described as presenting high anticancer activities. The product of condensation between two molecules of AG and one molecule of formaldehyde was isolated in the protonated form as the dinitrate salt (systematic name: 2,8-diamino-1,3,4,6,7,9-hexaazanona-1,8-diene-1,9-diium dinitrate), C3H14N82+·2NO3-, (I). The cation lacks crystallographically imposed symmetry and comprises two terminal planar guanidinium groups, which share an N-C-N unit...
February 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
Shakiru Ademola Salami, Hussein Mofomosara Salahdeen, Evangelshane Chukwudubem Ugbebor, Babatunde Adekunle Murtala, Yinusa Raji
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of aqueous leaf extract of Tridax procumbens (ALETP) on contractile activity of corpus cavernosum in N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME)-induced hypertensive male rats. METHODS: Twenty normal, adult male rats (130-150 g) were divided into four groups of five rats each. Group I (control) was given normal saline (0.6 mL/kg) and group II was given l-NAME (40 mg/kg) for 6 weeks. Groups III and IV also received l-NAME (40 mg/kg) for 6 weeks but were further co-treated with 100 and 200 mg/kg of ALETP, respectively, from week 4 to week 6...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Joachim K Dzotam, Ingrid Konga Simo, Gabin Bitchagno, Ilhami Celik, Louis P Sandjo, Pierre Tane, Victor Kuete
BACKGROUND: Nutmeg is the seed kernel inside the fruit of Myristica fragrans Houtt. (Myristicaceae). It possesses various pharmacological activities but is used in Cameroon only for its flavor in making cakes. The present study thus aimed to investigate the in vitro antibacterial activity and antibiotic modifying activities of crude seed kernel methanol extract (MFS), fractions (MFSa-e) as well as 3',4',7-trihydroxyflavone from Myristica fragrans against a panel of multi-drug resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria...
January 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Jian Zhang, Yiting Hu, Jimin Zheng, Juncha Gao, Hongtao Hou, Na Liu, Yuzhen Wang
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare inherited disorder of heme metabolism. It has the ability to trigger posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), a rare acute neurologic condition that is characterized by acute neurological symptoms. Pregnancy may induce AIP attacks. The present report describes the case of a pregnant woman with AIP. The patient was treated with heme-arginate during pregnancy and successfully delivered a healthy baby. Following delivery, the patient presented with PRES and experienced generalized seizures...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xuanxin Yang, Qi Hui, Bingjie Yu, Zhen Huang, Peipei Zhou, Panfeng Wang, Zhitao Wang, Shucai Pang, Jinghang Li, Hanshi Wang, Li Lin, Xiaokun Li, Xiaojie Wang
This study investigated the effect of the excipients, including glycine, mannitol, arginine, trehalose, sorbitol, and poloxamer188 on the stability of recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 21(FGF21) during the process of lyophilization and storage. The glass transition temperature (Tg), protein secondary structure, aggregation ratio and the bioactivity of lyophilized FGF21 were measured. We furthermore investigated the effect of FGF21 against ischemia cerebral injury using the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model in rats...
December 26, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Christina Grünberg, Florian Bauer, Alexander Crispin, Michael Jakob, Reinhard Hickel, Miriam E Draenert
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate if strontium-acetate- and arginine-containing dentifrices can significantly reduce dentin hypersensitivity (DH). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed. The investigation period was from 2006 to 2015 with the search term "dentin hypersensitivity". Nine original articles were relevant. A network meta-analysis of combined z scores was performed. Pooled results from random effects models with their 95% confidence intervals are reported...
August 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S Arbid
Background Lead is a toxic metal that is widely distributed in the environment where caftaric acid (CA) is the ester form of caffeic acid where CA is the major dietary polyphenol present in various foods and beverages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CA in lead acetate (LA)-associated nephrotoxicity through antidiuretic, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activities. Methods Forty-eight male albino rats divided into six equal groups; group 1 control injected intraperitoneally (ip) with saline (1 mL/kg of bw) over two weeks period, group 2 injected ip with CA (80 mg/kg of bw) over two weeks period, groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 injected ip with 100 μmol/kg of bw LA over two weeks period where groups 4, 5 & 6 co-injected ip with 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP) drug (1 mg/kg of bw), CA (40 mg/kg of bw), and CA (80 mg/kg of bw), respectively...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Chu Shan Tan, Yean Chun Loh, Chiew Hoong Ng, Yung Sing Ch'ng, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Mariam Ahmad, Mun Fei Yam
Although Banxia Baizhu Tianma Tang (BBT) has been long administered for hypertensive treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the ratio of the herbal components that makes up the formulation has not been optimized with respect to the anti-hypertensive effect that it inherently possesses. A newly amended BBT (ABBT) formulation was developed using the evidence-based approach of orthogonal stimulus-response compatibility model. The ABBT showed enhanced therapeutic effect while maintaining its traditional theoretical approach rooted in TCM...
November 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yudong Song, Cui Tang, Chunhua Yin
Arginine and α-tocopherol succinate (α-TOS) double grafted N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (TMC) nanoparticles (TAS NPs) were designed and developed for effective co-delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) and Survivin shRNA-expressing pDNA (iSur-pDNA). With DOX loading into the hydrophobic core and iSur-pDNA combining to the hydrophilic shell, TAS/DOX/pDNA NPs demonstrated favorable structural stability and sustained release properties in vitro. With the special non-clathrin-dependent endocytosis, TAS/DOX/pDNA NPs presented higher cellular uptake and mainly distributed in ER and Golgi rather than lysosomes following internalization...
October 4, 2017: Biomaterials
Ayşe Barutcigil, Arda Tasatargil
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the effects of nesfatin-1 on thoracic aorta vasoreactivity and to investigate the inotropic and chronotropic effects of nesfatin-1 on the spontaneous contractions of the isolated rat atria. METHODS: Isolated right atria and thoracic aorta were used in organ baths. The reactivity of the thoracic aorta was evaluated by potassium chloride (KCl), phenylephrine (Phe), acetylcholine (ACh), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP). The effects of nesfatin-1 on the spontaneous contractions of the rat atria were also examined...
October 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Seyyed Majid Eslami, Maryam Ghasemi, Taraneh Bahremand, Majid Momeny, Mahdi Gholami, Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Ahmad Reza Dehpour
This study aims to investigate the role of zolpidem in lithium-pilocarpine induced status epilepticus (SE) and probable mechanisms involved in seizure threshold alteration. In the present study, lithium chloride (127mg/kg) was administered 20h prior to pilocarpine (60mg/kg) to induce SE in adult male Wistar rats. Different doses of zolpidem (0.1, 1, 2, 5, 10mg/kg) were injected 30min before pilocarpine administration. Furthermore, to find out whether nitric oxide (NO) plays a role in the observed effect, L-arginine and L-NAME were injected 15min before zolpidem...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Han Zhang, Huanhuan Liu, Yulong Chen, Yan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Curcumin (Cur) is a natural lipophilic polyphenol compound extracted from the rhizome of turmeric. Recently, protective effect of Cur on cardiovascular system is paid close attention. Some researches demonstrated that Cur could induce vascular relaxation in many arterial beds. However, relaxant effect of Cur on rat superior mesenteric artery is not clear. This present study will investigate the vasorelaxant effect of Cur on rat superior mesenteric arteries and the mechanisms involved...
September 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Carolina Falcão Ximenes, Samya Mere Lima Rodrigues, Priscila Lang Podratz, Eduardo Merlo, Julia Fernandez Puñal de Araújo, Lívia Carla Melo Rodrigues, Juliana Barbosa Coitinho, Dalton Valentim Vassallo, Jones Bernardes Graceli, Ivanita Stefanon
Organotin compounds, such as tributyltin (TBT), are environment contaminants that induce bioaccumulation and have potential toxic effects on marine species and mammals. TBT have been banned by the International Maritime Organization in 2003. However, the assessment of butyltin and metal contents in marine sediments has demonstrated high residual levels of TBT in some cases exceeding 7000 ng Sn g(-1). The acceptable daily intake (ADI) level for TBT established by the World Health Organization is 0.5 μg/kg bw/day is based on genotoxicity, reproduction, teratogenicity, immunotoxicity, and mainly neurotoxicity...
November 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yung Sing Ch'ng, Yean Chun Loh, Chu Shan Tan, Mariam Ahmad, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Wan Maznah Wan Omar, Mun Fei Yam
CONTEXT: Vernonia amygdalina Del. (VA) (Asteraceae) is commonly used to treat hypertension in Malaysia. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the vasorelaxant mechanism of VA ethanol extract (VAE) and analyzes its tri-step FTIR spectroscopy fingerprint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dried VA leaves were extracted with ethanol through maceration and concentrated using rotary evaporator before freeze-dried. The vasorelaxant activity and the underlying mechanisms of VAE using the cumulative concentration (0...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Chaitanya Sudrik, Theresa Cloutier, Phuong Pham, Hardeep S Samra, Bernhardt L Trout
Preferential interactions of weakly interacting formulation excipients govern their effect on the equilibrium and kinetics of several reactions of protein molecules in solution. Using vapor pressure osmometry, we characterized the preferential interactions of commonly used excipients trehalose, L-arginine.HCl and NaCl with three therapeutically-relevant, IgG1 monoclonal antibodies that have similar size and shape, but differ in their surface hydrophobicity and net charge. We further characterized the effect of these excipients on the reversible self-association, aggregation and viscosity behavior of these antibody molecules...
October 2017: MAbs
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