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Arginine chloride

Shuai Huang, Aruna Balgi, Yaping Pan, Meng Li, Xiaoran Zhang, Lilin Du, Ming Zhou, Michel Roberge, Xin Li
Nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NLR) proteins serve as immune receptors in both plants and animals. To identify components required for NLR-mediated immunity, we designed and carried out a chemical genetics screen to search for small molecules that can alter resistance responses in Arabidopsis thaliana. From 13,600 compounds, we identified Ro 8-4304 that is able to specifically suppress the severe autoimmune phenotypes of chs3-2D (chilling sensitive 3, 2D), including the arrested growth morphology and heightened PR (Pathogenesis Related) gene expression...
October 15, 2016: Molecular Plant
Yulong Chen, Hongmei Zhang, Huanhuan Liu, Ailan Cao
Independent of its lipid-lowering properties, simvastatin (Sim) induces vasorelaxation; however, the underlying mechanisms have remained elusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate the vasorelaxant effects of Sim on rat superior mesenteric arteries and the mechanisms involved. The isometric tension of rat superior mesenteric arterial rings was recorded in vitro on a myograph. The results showed that Sim concentration-dependently relaxed the superior mesenteric artery rings with endothelium pre-contracted by phenylephrine hydrochloride [maximum relaxation (Emax)=51...
October 2016: Biomedical Reports
Yulong Chen, Cangbao Xu, Yahui Wei, Yaping Zhang, Ailan Cao
Resveratrol (Res) is a specific agonist of sirtuin 1, and has many cardioprotective effects. Although Res is able to relax various vascular beds, its pharmacological properties in rat superior mesenteric arteries and the underlying mechanism are not well clarified. The aim of present study was to investigate the vasorelaxant effects of Res on rat superior mesenteric arteries and the mechanisms involved. The isometric tension of rat superior mesenteric arterial rings was recorded in vitro using myography. It was found that Res concentration-dependently relaxed endothelium-intact superior mesenteric artery rings pre-contracted by phenylephrine hydrochloride (Emax, 97...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Christin Boldt, Tom Roeschel, Nina Himmerkus, Allein Plain, Markus Bleich, Robert Labes, Maximilian Blum, Hans Krause, Ahmed Magheli, Torsten Giesecke, Kerim Mutig, Michael Rothe, Steven M Weldon, Duska Dragun, Wolf-Hagen Schunck, Sebastian Bachmann, Alexander Paliege
Activation of the thick ascending limb (TAL) Na+-K+-2Cl--cotransporter (NKCC2) by the antidiuretic hormone arginine-vasopressin (AVP) is an essential mechanism of renal urine concentration and contributes to extracellular fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. AVP effects in the kidney are modulated by locally and/or by systemically produced epoxyeicosatrienoic acid derivates (EET). The relation between AVP and EET metabolism has not been determined. Here we show that chronic treatment of AVP-deficient Brattleboro rats with the AVP V2 receptor analog desmopressin (dDAVP; 5ng/h, 3d) significantly lowered renal EET levels (-56 ± 3% for 5,6-EET, -50 ± 3...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Houcemeddine Othman, Silke Andrea Wieninger, Mohamed ElAyeb, Michael Nilges, Najet Srairi-Abid
Glioblastoma is the deadliest type of brain cancer. Treatment could target the Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), which is known to be involved in the invasion process of glioblastoma cells. But current available inhibitors are not selective to MMP-2 due to their interaction with the catalytic binding site, which is highly conserved in all MMPs structures. Interestingly, members of the chloride channel blocker scorpion toxins, such as chlorotoxin (ClTx) and AaCTx, inhibit glioblastoma cell invasion and show a promising therapeutic potential...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Samsroz Ahmad Khan, Rajesh Choudhary, Amrita Singh, Surendra H Bodakhe
PURPOSE: To evaluate modes of cataractogenesis in the hypertensive state by using different hypertensive animal models, including fructose, cadmium chloride (CdCl2), N ω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), and two-kidney, one clip (2K1C) method. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley albino rats (150-180 g) were divided into different groups, each group containing six animals. Hypertension was induced in animals via six weeks administration of fructose (10% solution in drinking water), CdCl2 (0...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Judith Vajda, Dennis Weber, Dominik Brekel, Boris Hundt, Egbert Müller
Size exclusion chromatography is a standard method in quality control of biopharmaceutical proteins. In contrast, vaccine analysis is often based on activity assays. The hemagglutination assay is a widely accepted influenza quantification method, providing no insight in the size distribution of virus particles. Capabilities of size exclusion chromatography to complement the hemagglutination assay are investigated. The presented method is comparatively robust regarding different buffer systems, ionic strength and additive concentrations...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Jifeng Zhang, Vadim Frey, Marta Corcoran, Jian Zhang-van Enk, J Anand Subramony
Thermal stability of the CH2 domain for an IgG1 monoclonal antibody and its aggregation kinetics were systematically studied at pH 4.8, below its pI of 8.8 in individual solutions of arginine salts with acetate, glutamate (Glu(-)), chloride, and sulfate as the anion, in comparison to sodium chloride and sodium sulfate. Thermal unfolding temperature, Tm, an indicator of thermal stability, was measured by both differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and differential scanning fluorimetry (DSF). The aggregation kinetics was determined by assessing reversibility for the CH2 domain in the DSC repetitive scans and then cross-examined by the isothermal aggregation study measured by size exclusion chromatography...
October 3, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Peter Stärtzel, Henning Gieseler, Margit Gieseler, Ahmad M Abdul-Fattah, Michael Adler, Hanns-Christian Mahler, Pierre Goldbach
Previous studies have shown that protein storage stability in freeze-dried l-arginine-based systems improved in the presence of chloride ions. However, chloride ions reduced the glass transition temperature of the freeze concentrate (Tg') and made freeze drying more challenging. In this study, l-arginine was freeze dried with mannitol to obtain partially crystalline solids that can be freeze dried in a fast process and result in elegant cakes. We characterized the effect of different l-arginine counter ions on physicochemical properties of mannitol compared with mannitol/sucrose systems...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Purum Kang, Kang-Hyun Ryu, Jeong-Min Lee, Hyo-Keun Kim, Geun Hee Seol
Neroli, the essential oil of Citrus aurantium L. var. amara, is a well-characterized alleviative agent used to treat cardiovascular symptoms. However, because it has been found to have multiple effects, its mechanism of action requires further exploration. We sought to clarify the mechanism underlying the actions of neroli in mouse aorta. In aortic rings from mice precontracted with prostaglandin F2 alpha, neroli induced vasodilation. However, relaxation effect of neroli was decreased in endothelium-denuded ring or pre-incubation with the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor NG-Nitro-l-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME)...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Seyedeh Parisa Navabi, Hooman Eshagh Harooni, Ahmad Ali Moazedi, Lotfolah Khajepour, Kosar Fathinia
PURPOSE: Zinc is crucial for normal development of the brain, and Zinc deficiency has been shown to associate with neurological disorders (e.g. anxiety) through interactions with several neurotransmitter systems such as nitric oxide (NO). In this regard, our study aimed to evaluate the possible involvement of l-arginine NO pathway on anxiolytic effects of zinc in adult male rats. METHODS: Zinc chloride at doses of 2.5 and 10mg/kg (intraperitoneal or ip) or saline (1ml/kg, ip) were injected 30min before the anxiety test...
July 18, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mun Fei Yam, Chu Shan Tan, Mariam Ahmad, Ruan Shibao
Previous studies demonstrated that eupatorin content in Orthosiphon stamineus fractions correlated with their vasorelaxation activity. Even with previous studies, there is still very little information on the vasorelaxation effect of eupatorin, and not many scientific studies had been carried out. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the vasorelaxation activity and mechanism of action of eupatorin. The vasorelaxation activity and the underlying mechanisms of eupatorin was evaluated on thoracic aortic rings isolated from Sprague Dawley rats...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Guanying Hu, Xixiong Li, Sanyin Zhang, Xin Wang
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the roles of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors (EDHFs) and nitric oxide (NO) in mediating the vasodilatation response to astragaloside IV and the effects of astragaloside IV on voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels and receptor-operated Ca(2+) channels in rat thoracic aortic rings precontracted with potassium chloride (KCl; 60 mM) or phenylephrine (PHE; 1 µM). The results showed that astragaloside IV (1×10(-4)-3×10(-1) g/l) concentration-dependently relaxed the contraction induced by KCl (10-90 mM) or PHE (1×10(-9)-3×10(-5) µM) and inhibited concentration-contraction curves for the two vasoconstrictors in the aortic rings...
July 2016: Biomedical Reports
Asunción Cremades, Jesús Del Rio-Garcia, Ana Lambertos, Carlos López-Garcia, Rafael Peñafiel
The administration of l-arginine hydrochloride has been used for testing pituitary secretion in humans, and as an experimental model for induction of acute pancreatitis in rats and mice. Whereas in the first case, the administration of the amino acid is associated with hiperkalemia, in the model of acute pancreatitis no data are available on possible changes in potassium homeostasis. The present study shows that the acute administration to mice of l-arginine hydrochloride or other cationic amino acids almost duplicate plasma potassium levels...
2016: SpringerPlus
Gaëlle Claisse, Georges Feller, Magalie Bonneau, Jean-Luc Da Lage
In animals, most α-amylases are chloride-dependent enzymes. A chloride ion is required for allosteric activation and is coordinated by one asparagine and two arginine side chains. Whereas the asparagine and one arginine are strictly conserved, the main chloride binding arginine is replaced by a glutamine in some rare instances, resulting in the loss of chloride binding and activation. Amyrel is a distant paralogue of α-amylase in Diptera, which was not characterized biochemically to date. Amyrel shows both substitutions depending on the species...
August 2016: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Mishra Suman, Mishra Rajnikant
Arginase regulates arginine metabolism, ornithine-urea cycle, and immunological surveillance. Arginase-I is predominant in cytosol, and arginase-II is localised in the mitochondria. A mitochondrial membrane-bound arginase has also been proposed to be adsorbed with outer membrane of mitochondria which gets released by 150 mM potassium chloride (KCl). It is presumed that inclusion of 150 mM KCl in the homogenization medium would not only facilitate release of arginase bound with outer membrane of mitochondria but also affect functional anatomy of mitochondria, mitochondrial enzymes, and proteins...
2016: Scientifica
Mahshid Chekini, Laure Guénée, Valentina Marchionni, Manish Sharma, Thomas Bürgi
Organic molecules imprinting can be used for introducing specific properties and functionalities such as chirality to mesoporous materials. Particularly organic self-assemblies can work as a scaffold for templating inorganic materials such as silica. During recent years chiral imprinting of anionic surfactant for fabrication of twisted rod-like silica structures assisted by co-structuring directing agent were thoroughly investigated. The organic self-assemblies of anionic surfactants can also be used for introducing other shapes in rod-like silica structures...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Shunsuke Yoshizawa, Tsutomu Arakawa, Kentaro Shiraki
Arginine is widely used in biotechnological application, but mostly with chloride counter ion. Here, we examined the effects of various anions on solubilization of aromatic compounds and reduced lysozyme and on refolding of the lysozyme. All arginine salts tested increased the solubility of propyl gallate with acetate much more effectively than chloride. The effects of arginine salts were compared with those of sodium or guanidine salts, indicating that the ability of anions to modulate the propyl gallate solubility is independent of the cation...
October 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Saleh Sandoughdaran, Hamed Sadeghipour, Hamid Reza Sadeghipour
BACKGROUND: Lithium has been the treatment of choice for bipolar disorder (BD) for many years. Although erectile dysfunction is a known adverse effect of this drug, the mechanism of action by which lithium affects erectile function is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the possible involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in modulatory effect of lithium on penile erection (PE). We further evaluated the possible role of Sildenafil in treatment of lithium-induced erectile dysfunction...
February 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Shanshan Yin, Shuangwei Zhang, Guoyong Tong, Lihong Deng, Tuliang Liang, Jun Zhang
ETHNOPHARMCOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lemonfragrant Angelica (Ostericum citriodorum (Hance) C. Q. Yuan & Shan) is a traditional Chinese herb for treatment of angina pectoris, stomach pain and abdominal pain. However, its active components and mechanisms of action were not well understood. AIMS OF THE STUDY: In this study, we investigated whether the isoapiole extracted from Lemonfragrant Angelica Root (LAR) could directly stimulate the production of nitric oxide (NO) in vascular endothelial cells (VECs) and lead to the vascular relaxation MATERIALS AND METHODS: Vascular activity experiments were performed in aortic rings isolated from Wistar rats using standard muscle bath procedures...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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