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Muscle growth diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651290/anti-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-igg-elicits-a-dual-effect-on-calcium-oxalate-crystallization-and-progressive-nephrocalcinosis-related-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Stefanie Steiger, Julia Felicitas Grill, Qiuyue Ma, Tobias Bäuerle, Jutta Jordan, Michaela Smolle, Claudia Böhland, Maciej Lech, Hans-Joachim Anders
Crystallopathies are a heterogeneous group of diseases caused by intrinsic or environmental microparticles or crystals, promoting tissue inflammation and scarring. Certain proteins interfere with crystal formation and growth, e.g., with intrarenal calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystal formation, a common cause of kidney stone disease or nephrocalcinosis-related chronic kidney disease (CKD). We hypothesized that immunoglobulins can modulate CaOx microcrystal formation and crystal growth and that therefore, biological IgG-based drugs designed to specifically target disease modifying proteins would elicit a dual effect on the outcome of CaOx-related crystallopathies...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606168/temperament-and-dominance-relate-to-feeding-behaviour-and-activity-in-beef-cattle-implications-for-performance-and-methane-emissions
#2
P Llonch, M Somarriba, C A Duthie, S Troy, R Roehe, J Rooke, M J Haskell, S P Turner
In beef cattle, feeding behaviour and activity are associated with feed efficiency and methane (CH4) emissions. This study aimed to understand the underlying traits responsible for the contribution of cattle behaviour to individual differences in feed efficiency, performance and CH4 emissions. A total of 84 steers (530±114 kg BW) of two different breeds (crossbreed Charolais and Luing) were used. The experiment was a 2×2×3 factorial design with breed, basal diets (concentrate v. mixed) and dietary treatments (no additive, calcium nitrate or rapeseed cake) as the main factors...
April 2, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605743/effect-of-dietary-dehulled-white-lupine-seed-supplementation-on-the-growth-carcass-traits-and-chemical-physical-and-sensory-meat-quality-parameters-of-growing-fattening-rabbits
#3
Zdeněk Volek, Daniel Bureš, Linda Uhlířová
This work aimed to extend our current knowledge by obtaining novel information regarding the effect of the dietary inclusion of dehulled white lupine seeds (DWL) on the physical characteristics and sensory qualities of rabbit meat, as well as growth and carcass traits. The DWL diet was compared with a soybean meal-based diet. Feeding the DWL diet to rabbits led to lower Warner-Bratzler shear force values measured in grilled meat samples (Longissimus lumborum muscle) across fibers and this finding was confirmed in the sensory evaluation of texture in terms of higher tenderness and fibrosity of meat samples...
March 20, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604500/physiological-impacts-and-bioaccumulation-of-dietary-cu-and-cd-in-a-model-teleost-the-amazonian-tambaqui-colossoma-macropomum
#4
Marina Giacomin, Gisele C Vilarinho, Katia F Castro, Márcio Ferreira, Rafael M Duarte, Chris M Wood, Adalberto L Val
Increasing anthropogenic activities in the Amazon have led to elevated metals in the aquatic environment. Since fish are the main source of animal protein for the Amazonian population, understanding metal bioaccumulation patterns and physiological impacts is of critical importance. Juvenile tambaqui, a local model species, were exposed to chronic dietary Cu (essential, 500 μg Cu/g food) and Cd (non-essential, 500 μg Cd/g food). Fish were sampled at 10-14, 18-20 and 33-36 days of exposure and the following parameters were analyzed: growth, voluntary food consumption, conversion efficiency, tissue-specific metal bioaccumulation, ammonia and urea-N excretion, O2 consumption, Pcrit , hypoxia tolerance, nitrogen quotient, major blood plasma ions and metabolites, gill and gut enzyme activities, and in vitro gut fluid transport...
March 19, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584425/leucine-promotes-the-growth-of-fetal-pigs-by-increasing-protein-synthesis-through-the-mtor-signaling-pathway-in-longissimus-dorsi-muscle-at-late-gestation
#5
Chaoxian Wang, Fang Chen, Wenfei Zhang, Shihai Zhang, Kui Shi, Hanqing Song, Yijiang Wang, Sun Woo Kim, Wutai Guan
Leucine (Leu) plays an important role in protein synthesis and metabolism. The present study tested whether Leu supplementation in the diet for sows during late pregnancy could improve piglet birth weight, and also investigated the possible underlying mechanism. Two hundreds sows at day 70 of pregnancy were selected and assigned to four groups fed with following four diets until farrowing respectively: corn and soybean meal-based diet group (CON), CON + 0.40% Leu, CON + 0.80% Leu and CON + 1.20% Leu. We found that supplementing with 0...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581465/dietary-genistein-supplementation-for-breeders-and-their-offspring-improves-the-growth-performance-and-immune-function-of-broilers
#6
Zengpeng Lv, Hao Fan, Beibei Zhang, Kun Xing, Yuming Guo
Genistein (GEN) is mainly extracted from soy plants and has potential functions as an antioxidant and in promoting immune function and growth. This study evaluated the effects of feeding breeders and their offspring dietary GEN on the immune function and growth performance of broiler chicks. Breeders were assigned to a control diet or GEN diet (control diet +400 mg/kg GEN), and their offspring were fed a control diet or GEN diet (control diet +40 mg/kg GEN). GEN treatment increased the body weight gain, tibial length, tibial width and slaughter performance of broilers and decreased the feed conversion ratio...
March 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526104/valine-supplementation-in-a-reduced-protein-diet-regulates-growth-performance-partially-through-modulation-of-plasma-amino-acids-profile-metabolic-responses-endocrine-and-neural-factors-in-piglets
#7
Xiao Ya Zhang, Xiangfang Zeng, Xutong Liu, Hongmin Jia, Pingli He, Shiyan Qiao, Xiangbing Mao
The objective of this study was to investigate whether valine (Val) supplementation in a reduced protein (RP) diet regulates growth performance associated with the changes in plasma amino acids (AAs) profile, metabolism, endocrine and neural system in piglets. Piglets or piglets with a catheter in the precaval vein were randomly assigned to two treatments, including two RP diets with standardized ileal digestible (SID) Val: Lysine (Lys) ratio of 0.45 and 0.65, respectively. The results indicated that piglets in the higher Val:Lys ratio treatment had higher average daily feed intake (ADFI) (P < 0...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511650/effects-of-regular-moderate-exercise-on-high-fat-diet-induced-intramyocellular-lipid-accumulation-in-the-soleus-muscle-of-sprague-dawley-rats
#8
Kyung-Wan Baek, Hee-Jae Cha, Mee Sun Ock, Hong Soo Kim, Jeong-An Gim, Jung-Jun Park
Previously, we monitored the expression level of the pro-apoptotic proteins caspase-3 and cleaved poly-ADP-ribose polymerase in the skeletal muscle of high-fat diet-induced obese rats in order to assess muscle damage. In this study, we analyzed whether exercise or dietary adjustment was more effective at preventing high-fat diet-induced muscle damage. High-fat diet-induced obese rats were divided into three groups: the high-fat diet (HFD), the combined high-fat diet and exercise (HFD+EXE), and the dietary adjustment (DA) groups...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509944/effects-of-quantitative-nutrient-allocation-on-myopathies-of-the-pectoralis-major-muscles-in-broiler-chickens-at-32-43-and-50-days-of-age
#9
K J Meloche, B I Fancher, D A Emmerson, S F Bilgili, W A Dozier
An experiment was conducted to determine if myopathies of the Pectoralis major muscles are influenced by differences in growth trajectory achieved through a controlled feeding program. Male Yield Plus × Ross 708 broiler chicks were placed into 28 pens (25 birds/pen) equipped with plastic slats to prevent coprophagy. All birds received identical starter (1 to 10 d), grower (11 to 32 d), finisher (33 to 42 d), and withdrawal (43 to 50 d) diets that were formulated to meet or exceed nutrient recommendations of the primary breeder...
March 1, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494675/indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-knockout-limits-angiotensin-ii-induced-aneurysm-in-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-deficient-mice-fed-with-high-fat-diet
#10
Sarvenaz Metghalchi, Marie Vandestienne, Yacine Haddad, Bruno Esposito, Julien Dairou, Alain Tedgui, Ziad Mallat, Stephane Potteaux, Soraya Taleb
AIMS: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an age-associated disease characterized by chronic inflammation, vascular cell apoptosis and metalloproteinase-mediated extracellular matrix degradation. Despite considerable progress in identifying targets involved in these processes, therapeutic approaches aiming to reduce aneurysm growth and rupture are still scarce. Indoleamine 2-3 dioxygenase 1 (IDO) is the first and rate-limiting enzyme involved in the conversion of tryptophan (Trp) into kynurenine (Kyn) pathway...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472765/effect-of-dietary-fish-meal-replacement-by-red-algae-gracilaria-arcuata-on-growth-performance-and-body-composition-of-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#11
El-Sayed M Younis, Abdullah S Al-Quffail, Nasser A Al-Asgah, Abdel-Wahab A Abdel-Warith, Yousef S Al-Hafedh
A 12-week long feeding experiment was initiated to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of red algae, Gracilaria arcuata , on the growth performance, feed utilization and body composition of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). The fish were fed with an algae-free control diet (C) and three experimental diets which replaced conventional fish meal with varying levels of dried G. arcuata (20%, 40% and 60%, represented as G20, G40 and G60, respectively). The growth parameters of final weight (FW), weight gain (WG), percentage of weight gain (WG%), daily growth rate (DGR) and specific growth rate (SGR) were significantly reduced (P < 0...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471400/increased-dietary-protein-or-free-amino-acids-supply-for-heat-stress-pigs-effect-on-performance-and-carcass-traits
#12
A Morales, M Chávez, N Vásquez, J K Htoo, L Buenabad, S Espinoza, M Cervantes
Heat stress (HS) pigs reduce their voluntary feed intake (VFI) and ingestion of indispensable amino acids (AA). Increasing the dietary CP content may help to correct the reduced AA intake by HS pigs, but it may further increase their body heat load. Increasing the AA intake by adding free AA to the diet does not affect the heat load of HS pigs. Two 21-d experiments were conducted. In Exp. 1, 30 pigs (31.1 ± 1.2 kg initial BW) were used to determine the performance depression because of HS. Treatments were: thermo neutral pigs fed a 22% CP control diet (TN-C); HS pigs fed the control diet (HS-C); HS pigs fed a 14% CP, AA supplemented diet (HS-AA)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471322/whole-body-nitrogen-utilization-and-tissue-protein-and-casein-synthesis-in-lactating-primiparous-sows-fed-low-and-high-protein-diets
#13
Lee-Anne Huber, Marko Rudar, Nathalie L Trottier, John P Cant, Cornelis F M de Lange
Twenty-eight lactating Yorkshire and Yorkshire × Landrace primiparous sows were used to test the hypothesis that feeding a diet with reduced CP concentration and supplemented with crystalline amino acids (CAA) does not decrease milk protein yield and litter growth but improves apparent N utilization for milk protein production. Sows were assigned to 1 of 2 dietary treatments: [1] Control (CON; 16.2% CP; analyzed content) or [2] Low CP with CAA to meet estimated requirements of limiting amino acids (LCP; 12...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462978/impact-of-western-and-mediterranean-diets-and-vitamin-d-on-muscle-fibers-of-sedentary-rats
#14
Francesca Maria Trovato, Paola Castrogiovanni, Marta Anna Szychlinska, Francesco Purrello, Giuseppe Musumeci
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome is associated with sarcopenia. Decreased serum levels of Vitamin D (VitD) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 and their mutual relationship were also reported. We aimed to evaluate whether different dietary profiles, containing or not VitD, may exert different effects on muscle molecular morphology. METHODS: Twenty-eight male rats were fed for 10 weeks in order to detect early defects induced by different dietary regimens: regular diet (R); regular diet with vitamin D supplementation (R-DS) and regular diet with vitamin D restriction (R-DR); high-fat butter-based diets (HFB-DS and HFB-DR) with 41% energy from fat; high-fat extra-virgin olive oil-based diets (HFEVO-DS and HFEVO-DR) with 41% energy from fat...
February 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462360/effects-of-fatty-acid-glyceride-product-silohealth-104-on-the-growth-performance-and-carcass-composition-of-broiler-chickens
#15
A Bedford, H Yu, M Hernandez, E J Squires, S Leeson, J Gong
Butyric acid is the primary energy source for colonocytes, and has shown potential as an alternative to in-feed antibiotics, due to its antimicrobial activity and positive effects on production performance traits of broiler chickens. SILOhealth 104 (SILO S.P.A., Florence, Italy) is a commercial product mainly containing mono- and di-glycerides of butyrate with a small portion of propionic, caprylic, capric, and lauric acid mono- and di-glycerides. Its effects on broiler performance and carcass composition have yet to be evaluated...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460372/effects-of-a-rice-diet-and-phytase-addition-on-growth-performance-tissue-weights-phosphorus-and-nitrogen-retention-and-on-liver-threonine-dehydrogenase-malic-enzyme-and-fatty-acid-synthase-activities-in-broiler-chicks
#16
Hiroya Fujimoto, Nozomi Fujita, Ryozo Takada
This experiment was conducted to clarify the nutritional functions of rice and phytase addition for broiler chicks. Thirty-six 7-day-old male chicks (ROSS 308 strain) were assigned to one of the four treatment groups: corn- or rice-based diet groups and each diet with added phytase (2000 phytase units/kg diet) groups (corn + P or rice + P groups). The non-phytate phosphorus (npP) content in the diets with added phytase was approximately half of the requirement. Body weight gain and feed intake in the rice group was significantly higher than those in the corn group...
February 19, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444734/growth-performance-carcass-and-noncarcass-traits-and-meat-quality-of-barbarine-lambs-fed-rosemary-distillation-residues
#17
Y Yagoubi, H Hajji, S Smeti, M Mahouachi, M Kamoun, N Atti
The aim of this experiment was to study the effect of total replacement of oat hay by rosemary distillation residues (RR) on growth, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Barbarine lambs. A total of 21 lambs were divided into three groups. The control group (C) was offered 600 g of oat hay; the RR87 and RR60 groups received 600 g of pellets containing 87% and 60% of RR, respectively. The CP content was 9% and 14% for RR87 and RR60, respectively. All animals were supplemented by 600 g of concentrate. After 77 days of fattening, lambs were slaughtered...
February 15, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444136/ly2405319-an-analog-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-ameliorates-%C3%AE-smooth-muscle-actin-production-through-inhibition-of-the-succinate-g-protein-couple-receptor-91-gpr91-pathway-in-mice
#18
Cong Thuc Le, Giang Nguyen, So Young Park, Dae Hee Choi, Eun-Hee Cho
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is an important metabolic regulator expressed predominantly in the liver. In this study, we evaluated the role of LY2405319, an analogue of FGF21, in hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation and in a methionine and choline-deficient (MCD)-diet induced mouse model of liver fibrosis. During liver injury, HSCs trans-differentiate into activated myofibroblasts which produce alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and become a major cell type in hepatic fibrogenesis. Succinate and succinate receptor (GPR91) signaling has emerged as a regulator to promote α-SMA production in MCD diet- induced mice...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420022/the-transcriptomics-related-mechanisms-of-supplementing-laying-broiler-breeder-hens-with-dietary-daidzein-to-improve-the-immune-function-and-growth-performance-of-offspring
#19
Hao Fan, Zengpeng Lv, Liping Gan, Yuming Guo
Daidzein (DA) is an isoflavone that is primarily extracted from soy plants. This study evaluated the effects of supplementing laying broiler breeder hens with dietary DA on the immune function and growth performance of their offspring and the underlying mechanism. A total of 720 breeders were divided into 3 treatment groups that were fed either a control diet (CON), a DA-low-supplemented diet (DLS, CON+20 mg/kg DA) or a DA-high-supplemented diet (DHS, CON+100 mg/kg DA) for 8 weeks, eggs were collected for hatching during the final week...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417114/the-effects-of-whey-and-soy-proteins-on-growth-performance-gastrointestinal-digestion-and-selected-physiological-responses-in-rats
#20
B Wróblewska, J Juśkiewicz, B Kroplewski, A Jurgoński, E Wasilewska, D Złotkowska, L Markiewicz
The objective of this work was to identify the nutritional and physiological effects of commercial soy and whey protein preparations. Wistar rats were fed with soy (S), whey (W), or casein (C) preparations as the sole dietary protein source. The nitrogen balance, body composition, changes in caecal microbiota, mucosal and bacterial enzyme activities, and allergenic potential of the preparations were analysed. The whey diet elicited greater skeletal muscle anabolism than the soy diet. Rats from the S group had the lowest values of body weight, fat, and lean mass gain...
February 8, 2018: Food & Function
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