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Muscle growth diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217832/gestational-protein-restriction-study-of-the-probable-effects-on-cardiac-muscle-structure-and-function-in-adult-rats
#1
Mona G Amer, Nader M Mohamed, Aly A M Shaalan
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) has been linked to heart disease in adulthood. This study aimed to examine the effect of gestational protein restriction during fetal and early postnatal life on the cardiac muscle structure and function in adult offspring. Pregnant female rats were randomly divided into two dietary groups: normal-protein diet (NP) and low-protein diet (LP). Fifteen male offspring from each group were included in the study. Offspring body weights were recorded at birth and monthly from weaning until 24 weeks of age while systolic blood pressure was measured weekly...
February 20, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210795/observational-comparisons-of-intestinal-microbiota-characterizations-immune-enzyme-activities-and-muscle-amino-acid-compositions-of-loach-in-paddy-fields-and-ponds-in-sichuan-province
#2
Song Yang, Yuanliang Duan, Jie Zhang, Jian Zhou, Ya Liu, Jun Du, Liulan Zhao, Zongjun Du, Shuaishuai Han
A balanced intestinal microbial ecosystem is crucial for the growth and health of animals because it can influence the digestion and absorption of nutrients in the intestine. Different culture conditions may change the ecology of microbial in intestine and thus affect the overall growth performance of an animal. In this study, we compared intestinal morphologies, microbiota characterizations, immune enzyme activities, and muscle amino acid compositions of loach cultured in paddy fields and ponds. The fish were fed with the same diets from May 5 to November 5 (2015) in three paddy or ponds...
February 16, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186980/diet-induced-obesity-links-to-er-positive-breast-cancer-progression-via-lpa-pkd-1-cd36-signaling-mediated-microvascular-remodeling
#3
Liuyi Dong, Ye Yuan, Cynthia Opansky, Yiliang Chen, Irene Aguilera-Barrantes, Shiyong Wu, Rong Yuan, Qi Cao, Yee Chung Cheng, Daisy Sahoo, Roy L Silverstein, Bin Ren
Obesity increases cancer risk including breast cancer (BC). However, the direct regulatory mechanisms by which obesity promotes BC progression remain largely unknown. We show that lysophosphatidic acid/protein kinase D1 (LPA/PKD-1)-CD36 signaling is a bona fide breast cancer promoter via stimulating microvascular remodeling in chronic diet-induced obesity (DIO). We observed that the growth of an estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer was markedly increased when compared to the lean control, and specifically accompanied by increased microvascular remodeling in a syngeneic BC model in female DIO mice...
February 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183442/high-dose-metformin-420mg-kg-daily-p-o-increases-insulin-sensitivity-but-does-not-affect-neointimal-thickness-in-the-rat-carotid-balloon-injury-model-of-restenosis
#4
June Guo, Troy J Pereira, Prasad Dalvi, Lucy Shu Nga Yeung, Nathan Swain, Danna M Breen, Loretta Lam, Vernon W Dolinsky, Adria Giacca
OBJECTIVE: Our laboratory has shown that insulin's effect to decrease neointimal thickness after arterial injury is greatly diminished in insulin resistant conditions. Thus, in these conditions, a better alternative to insulin could be to use an insulin sensitizing agent. Metformin, the most commonly prescribed insulin sensitizer, has a cardiovascular protective role. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the potential benefit of metformin on neointimal area after arterial injury in a rat model of restenosis...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183305/controlling-of-growth-performance-lipid-deposits-and-fatty-acid-composition-of-chicken-meat-through-a-probiotic-lactobacillus-johnsonii-during-subclinical-clostridium-perfringens-infection
#5
Hesong Wang, Xueqin Ni, Lei Liu, Dong Zeng, Jing Lai, Xiaodan Qing, Guangyao Li, Kangcheng Pan, Bo Jing
BACKGROUND: Meat is considered as a major source of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) which is essential for humans, therefore its lipid level and fatty acid composition have drawn great attention. As no clinical sign can be found in chicks subclinically infected by Clostridium perfringens (CP), the meat may be purchased and eaten. The objective of the present study was to determine whether Lactobacillus johnsonii (LJ) can control the CP-caused impact on growth, lipid levels, fatty acid composition and other flavor or nutritional quality in the meat...
February 10, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183169/effects-of-wheat-supplementation-levels-on-growth-performance-blood-profiles-nutrient-digestibility-and-pork-quality-in-growing-finishing-pigs
#6
Taehee Han, J S Hong, L H Fang, S H Do, B O Kim, Y Y Kim
Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate various wheat supplementation levels on growth performance, blood profiles, nutrient digestibility, and pork quality in growing-finishing pigs. Methods: A total of 120 growing pigs ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc), with an average 27.75 ± 1.319 kg body weight (BW), were used in growth trial. Pigs were allotted into each treatment by body weight and sex in 4 replicates with 6 pigs per pen in a randomized complete block (RCB) design...
February 1, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177127/emerging-roles-of-er-stress-and-unfolded-protein-response-pathways-in-skeletal-muscle-health-and-disease
#7
REVIEW
Kyle R Bohnert, Joseph D McMillan, Ashok Kumar
Skeletal muscle is the most abundant tissue in the human body and can adapt its mass as a consequence of physical activity, metabolism, growth factors, and disease conditions. Skeletal muscle contains an extensive network of endoplasmic reticulum (ER), called sarcoplasmic reticulum, which plays an important role in the regulation of proteostasis and calcium homeostasis. In many cell types, environmental and genetic factors that disrupt ER function cause an accumulation of misfolded and unfolded proteins in the ER lumen that ultimately leads to ER stress...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127425/novel-metabolic-and-physiological-functions-of-branched-chain-amino-acids-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Shihai Zhang, Xiangfang Zeng, Man Ren, Xiangbing Mao, Shiyan Qiao
It is widely known that branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are not only elementary components for building muscle tissue but also participate in increasing protein synthesis in animals and humans. BCAA (isoleucine, leucine and valine) regulate many key signaling pathways, the most classic of which is the activation of the mTOR signaling pathway. This signaling pathway connects many diverse physiological and metabolic roles. Recent years have witnessed many striking developments in determining the novel functions of BCAA including: (1) Insufficient or excessive levels of BCAA in the diet enhances lipolysis...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120474/effect-of-black-cumin-seeds-on-growth-performance-nutrient-utilisation-immunity-gut-health-and-nitrogen-excretion-by-broiler-chickens
#9
Pawan Kumar, Amlan Kumar Patra, Guru Prasad Mandal, Indranil Samanta, Saktipada Pradhan
BACKGROUND: Use of antibiotic growth promoters (AB) as feed additives in broiler chickens poses risky due to cross-resistance amongst pathogens and residues in tissues. The study aims to evaluate the supplementation of black cumin seed (BCS) as a natural growth promoter on nutrient utilisation, intestinal microbiota and morphology, immunity, anti-oxidant status, protein deposition in muscles, and nitrogen excretion by chickens. RESULTS: Broiler chickens were fed BCS at 0, 5, 10 and 20 g kg(-1) diet...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120335/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-carnosine-on-growth-performance-meat-quality-antioxidant-capacity-and-muscle-fiber-characteristics-in-broiler-chickens
#10
Jiahui Cong, Lin Zhang, Jiaolong Li, Shuhao Wang, Feng Gao, Guanghong Zhou
BACKGROUND: The effects of dietary carnosine were evaluated on the growth performance, meat quality, antioxidant capacity and muscle fiber characteristics in thigh muscle of 256 one-day-old male broilers that were assigned to 4 diets: basal diet supplemented with 0, 100, 200 or 400 mg/kg carnosine during 42-d experiment, respectively. RESULT: Carnosine concentration and carnosine synthase expression in thigh muscle were linearly increased (P < 0.05), and the feed:gain was decreased (P < 0...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116632/itraq-based-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-on-differentially-expressed-proteins-of-rat-mandibular-condylar-cartilage-induced-by-reducing-dietary-loading
#11
Liting Jiang, Yinyin Xie, Li Wei, Qi Zhou, Ning Li, Xinquan Jiang, Yiming Gao
As muscle activity during growth is considerably important for mandible quality and morphology, reducing dietary loading directly influences the development and metabolic activity of mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC). However, an overall investigation of changes in the protein composition of MCC has not been fully described in literature. To study the protein expression and putative signaling in vivo, we evaluated the structural changes of MCC and differentially expressed proteins induced by reducing functional loading in rat MCC at developmental stages...
January 23, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116075/effects-of-liquid-feeding-of-corn-condensed-distiller-s-solubles-and-whole-stillage-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-sensory-traits-of-pigs
#12
Xiaojian Yang, Carissa Nath, Alan Doering, John Goihl, Samuel Kofi Baidoo
BACKGROUND: The immense growth in global bioethanol production has greatly increased the supply of by-products such as whole stillage and condensed distiller's solubles, which could be potentially used for animal feeding. The objective of this study was to investigate effects of liquid feeding high levels of corn condensed distiller's solubles (CCDS) and whole stillage (CWS) on growth performance, carcass characteristics, belly firmness and meat sensory traits of pigs. METHODS: A total of 256 pigs were blocked by sex and initial BW (13...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115977/efficacy-of-a-novel-formulation-of-l-carnitine-creatine-and-leucine-on-lean-body-mass-and-functional-muscle-strength-in-healthy-older-adults-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#13
Malkanthi Evans, Najla Guthrie, John Pezzullo, Toran Sanli, Roger A Fielding, Aouatef Bellamine
BACKGROUND: Progressive decline in skeletal muscle mass and function are growing concerns in an aging population. Diet and physical activity are important for muscle maintenance but these requirements are not always met. This highlights the potential for nutritional supplementation. As a primary objective, we sought to assess the effect of a novel combination of L-Carnitine, creatine and leucine on muscle mass and performance in older subjects. METHOD: Forty-two healthy older adults aged 55-70 years were randomized to receive either a novel L-Carnitine (1500 mg), L-leucine (2000 mg), creatine (3000 mg), Vitamin D3 (10 μg) (L-Carnitine-combination) product (n = 14), L-Carnitine (1500 mg) (n = 14), or a placebo (n = 14) for eight weeks...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112773/combination-of-recreational-soccer-and-caloric-restricted-diet-reduces-markers-of-protein-catabolism-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
M Vieira de Sousa, R Fukui, P Krustrup, S Dagogo-Jack, M E Rossi da Silva
BACKGROUND: Moderate calorie-restricted diets and exercise training prevent loss of lean mass and cardiovascular risk. Because adherence to routine exercise recommendation is generally poor, we utilized recreational soccer training as a novel therapeutic exercise intervention in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of acute and chronic soccer training plus calorie-restricted diet on protein catabolism and cardiovascular risk markers in T2D...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112067/requirements-of-n-3-very-long-chain-pufa-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l-effects-of-different-dietary-levels-of-epa-and-dha-on-fish-performance-and-tissue-composition-and-integrity
#15
Marta Bou, Gerd M Berge, Grete Baeverfjord, Trygve Sigholt, Tone-Kari Østbye, Odd Helge Romarheim, Bjarne Hatlen, Robin Leeuwis, Claudia Venegas, Bente Ruyter
Farmed salmon feeds have changed from purely marine-based diets with high levels of EPA and DHA in the 1990s to the current 70 % plant-based diets with low levels of these fatty acids (FA). The aim of this study was to establish the impacts of low dietary EPA and DHA levels on performance and tissue integrity of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Atlantic salmon (50 g) in seawater were fed fourteen experimental diets, containing five levels (0, 0·5, 1·0, 1·5 and 2·0 %) of EPA, DHA or a 1:1 EPA+DHA plus control close to a commercial diet, to a final weight of 400 g...
January 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111775/effects-of-synbiotic-supplementation-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-meat-quality-and-muscular-antioxidant-capacity-and-mineral-contents-in-broilers
#16
Y F Cheng, Y P Chen, X H Li, W L Yang, C Wen, Y R Kang, A Q Wang, Y M Zhou
BACKGROUD: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary synbiotic supplementation on growth performance, carcass composition, meat quality and muscular antioxidant capacity and mineral contents in broilers. 96 day-old male broiler chicks (Arbor Acres Plus) were randomly allocated to 2 groups, and each group consisted of 6 replicates with 8 chicks each. Birds were fed a corn-soybean meal basal diet supplemented with either 0 or 1.5 g · kg(-1) synbiotic consisted of probiotics (Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, and Clostridium butyricum) and prebiotics (yeast cell wall and xylooligosaccharide) from 1 to 42 days of age...
January 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111445/evaluation-of-mango-saponin-in-broilers-effects-on-growth-performance-carcass-quality-meat-quality-and-plasma-biochemical-indices
#17
Yanan Zhang, Jing Wang, Bo Qi, Shugeng Wu, Haijun Zhang, Guanghai Qi, H R Chen, H Y Luo, D J Yin, F J Lü
Objective: The objective of the present study was to determine whether mango saponin (MS) could be used as a feed additive in broiler chicks by evaluating growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality and plasma biochemical indices. Methods: A total of 216 1-d-old Arbor Acres male broiler chicks were randomly assigned into three dietary treatments supplemented with 0 (control), 0.14% (MS 0.14%), or 0.28% (MS 0.28%). Each treatment had six replicates (cages) with 12 chicks each...
December 27, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108862/effects-of-chromium-methionine-supplementation-with-different-sources-of-zinc-on-growth-performance-carcass-traits-meat-quality-serum-metabolites-endocrine-parameters-and-the-antioxidant-status-in-growing-finishing-pigs
#18
Xiao Xu, Li Liu, Shen-Fei Long, Xiang-Shu Piao, Terry L Ward, Fei Ji
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of chromium methionine with/without zinc sulfate or zinc amino acid complex on the growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality, serum parameters, endocrine parameters, and antioxidant status of growing-finishing pigs. A total of 180 (32.0 ± 1.7 kg body weight, BW) crossbred pigs (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire) were used in a completely randomized design with three dietary treatments and 10 replicates per treatment (five pens of barrows and five pens of gilts with six pigs per replicate)...
January 21, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106759/sex-specific-muscular-maturation-responses-following-prenatal-exposure-to-methylation-related-micronutrients-in-pigs
#19
Michael Oster, Nares Trakooljul, Henry Reyer, Annette Zeyner, Eduard Muráni, Siriluck Ponsuksili, Klaus Wimmers
Supplementation of micronutrients involved in DNA methylation, particularly during pregnancy, is recommended because of its impacts on human health, but further evidence is needed regarding the effects of over-supplementation and differences between sexes. Here, a porcine model was used to assess effects of maternal supplementation with one-carbon-cycle compounds during prenatal and postnatal stages on offspring muscle development. Sows received either a standard diet (CON) or a standard diet supplemented with folate, B6, B12, methionine, choline, and zinc (MET) throughout gestation...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093090/potential-involvement-of-dietary-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-impairment-of-skeletal-muscle-growth-and-muscle-contractile-function-in-mice
#20
Tatsuro Egawa, Satoshi Tsuda, Ayumi Goto, Yoshitaka Ohno, Shingo Yokoyama, Katsumasa Goto, Tatsuya Hayashi
Diets enriched with advanced glycation end products (AGE) have recently been related to muscle dysfunction processes. However, it remains unclear whether long-term exposure to an AGE-enriched diet impacts physiological characteristics of skeletal muscles. Therefore, we explored the differences in skeletal muscle mass, contractile function and molecular responses between mice receiving a diet high in AGE (H-AGE) and low in AGE (L-AGE) for 16 weeks. There were no significant differences between L-AGE and H-AGE mice with regard to body weight, food intake or epididymal fat pad weight...
January 17, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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