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Muscle growth diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623008/yucca-schidigera-can-promote-rabbit-growth-fecundity-affect-the-release-of-hormones-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-induce-pathological-changes-in-liver-and-reduce-ovarian-resistance-to-benzene
#1
Martina Földešiová, Andrej Baláži, Ľubica Chrastinová, Juraj Pivko, Jan Kotwica, Abdel Halim Harrath, Peter Chrenek, Alexander V Sirotkin
This study evaluated the effect of Yucca schidigera (YS) extract on the physiological, reproductive, and endocrine indexes of New Zealand White rabbit does. Six-week-old rabbit does were fed a standard diet (control group) or a diet enriched with 5 or 20g of Y powder extract per 100-kg feed mixture for 350days. The does were artificially inseminated after induction of superovulation. Weight gain; conception and kindling rate; viability of pups and mothers; histopathological state of liver and muscle; plasma levels of progesterone (P4), oxytocin (OT), and prostaglandin F (PGF); and the release of P4, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), OT, and PGF by isolated ovarian fragments and their response to the addition of benzene were analyzed...
June 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621563/reduced-mastication-impairs-memory-function
#2
Y Fukushima-Nakayama, Takehito Ono, M Hayashi, M Inoue, H Wake, Takashi Ono, T Nakashima
Mastication is an indispensable oral function related to physical, mental, and social health throughout life. The elderly tend to have a masticatory dysfunction due to tooth loss and fragility in the masticatory muscles with aging, potentially resulting in impaired cognitive function. Masticatory stimulation has influence on the development of the central nervous system (CNS) as well as the growth of maxillofacial tissue in children. Although the relationship between mastication and cognitive function is potentially important in the growth period, the cellular and molecular mechanisms have not been sufficiently elucidated...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620941/endothelial-mechanotransduction-proteins-and-vascular-function-are-altered-by-dietary-sucrose-supplementation-in-healthy-young-male-subjects
#3
Lasse Gliemann, Nicolai Rytter, Mads Lindskrog, Martina H Lundberg Slingsby, Thorbjörn Åkerström, Lykke Sylow, Erik A Richter, Ylva Hellsten
Endothelial mechanotransduction is important for vascular function but alterations and activation of vascular mechanosensory proteins have not been investigated in humans. In endothelial cell culture, simple sugars effectively impair mechanosensor proteins. To study mechanosensor- and vascular function in humans, twelve young healthy male subjects supplemented their diet with 3 × 75 g sucrose day(-1) for 14 days in a randomized cross-over design. Before and after the intervention period, the hyperemic response to passive lower leg movement and active knee extensor exercise was determined by ultrasound doppler...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607005/opa1-deficiency-promotes-secretion-of-fgf21-from-muscle-that-prevents-obesity-and-insulin-resistance
#4
Renata Oliveira Pereira, Satya M Tadinada, Frederick M Zasadny, Karen Jesus Oliveira, Karla Maria Pereira Pires, Angela Olvera, Jennifer Jeffers, Rhonda Souvenir, Rose Mcglauflin, Alec Seei, Trevor Funari, Hiromi Sesaki, Matthew J Potthoff, Christopher M Adams, Ethan J Anderson, E Dale Abel
Mitochondrial dynamics is a conserved process by which mitochondria undergo repeated cycles of fusion and fission, leading to exchange of mitochondrial genetic content, ions, metabolites, and proteins. Here, we examine the role of the mitochondrial fusion protein optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) in differentiated skeletal muscle by reducing OPA1 gene expression in an inducible manner. OPA1 deficiency in young mice results in non-lethal progressive mitochondrial dysfunction and loss of muscle mass. Mutant mice are resistant to age- and diet-induced weight gain and insulin resistance, by mechanisms that involve activation of ER stress and secretion of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) from skeletal muscle, resulting in increased metabolic rates and improved whole-body insulin sensitivity...
June 12, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598969/cucurbitacin-e-reduces-obesity-and-related-metabolic-dysfunction-in-mice-by-targeting-jak-stat5-signaling-pathway
#5
Munazza Murtaza, Gulnaz Khan, Meha Fatima Aftab, Shabbir Khan Afridi, Safina Ghaffar, Ayaz Ahmed, Rahman M Hafizur, Rizwana Sanaullah Waraich
Several members of cucurbitaceae family have been reported to regulate growth of cancer by interfering with STAT3 signaling. In the present study, we investigated the unique role and molecular mechanism of cucurbitacins (Cucs) in reducing symptoms of metabolic syndrome in mice. Cucurbitacin E (CuE) was found to reduce adipogenesis in murine adipocytes. CuE treatment diminished hypertrophy of adipocytes, visceral obesity and lipogenesis gene expression in diet induced mice model of metabolic syndrome (MetS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593444/efficacy-of-dietary-supplementation-of-fatty-acid-compound-on-performance-and-production-in-finishing-pigs
#6
Santi Devi Upadhaya, Hyeok Min Yun, Shuaiqi Huang, In Ho Kim
The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of dietary supplementation of 0.5 and 1% of fatty acid (FA) compound containing conjugated linoleic acid as active component on growth performance, apparent nutrient digestibility, serum lipid profile, meat quality, and fatty acid profiles in muscle and adipose tissue in finishing pigs. A total of 90 finishing pigs ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc) were used in 5-week trial. The growth performance and nutrient digestibility were unaffected with FA supplementation...
June 8, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579299/sglt2-inhibition-by-empagliflozin-promotes-fat-utilization-and-browning-and-attenuates-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance-by-polarizing-m2-macrophages-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#7
Liang Xu, Naoto Nagata, Mayumi Nagashimada, Fen Zhuge, Yinhua Ni, Guanliang Chen, Eric Mayoux, Shuichi Kaneko, Tsuguhito Ota
Sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors increase urinary glucose excretion (UGE), leading to blood glucose reductions and weight loss. However, the impacts of SGLT2 inhibition on energy homeostasis and obesity-induced insulin resistance are less well known. Here, we show that empagliflozin, a SGLT2 inhibitor, enhanced energy expenditure and attenuated inflammation and insulin resistance in high-fat-diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. C57BL/6J mice were pair-fed a high-fat diet (HFD) or a HFD with empagliflozin for 16weeks...
May 26, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557427/metabolomics-approach-to-evaluate-a-baltic-sea-sourced-diet-for-cultured-arctic-char-salvelinus-alpinus-l
#8
Ken Cheng, Elisabeth Müllner, Ali A Moazzami, Hanna Carlberg, Eva Brännäs, Jana Pickova
Aqua feeds traditionally rely on fishmeal as a protein source, which is costly and unsustainable. A new feed was formulated in the study with Baltic Sea sourced decontaminated fishmeal, Mytilus edulis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and given to Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) for ten months. The diet-induced changes on metabolic profile in fish plasma, liver, and muscle were studied relative to a fishmeal-based standard diet by using a (1)H NMR-based metabolomics approach. Fish fed the test diet had higher content of betaine and lower levels of trimethylamine-N-oxide and aromatic amino acids in plasma or tissues, which were mainly caused by the diet...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554169/neohesperidin-exerts-lipid-regulating-effects-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-via-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-and-amp-activated-protein-kinase-sirtuin-type-1-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-coactivator-1%C3%AE-signaling-axis
#9
Haoshu Wu, Yunxi Liu, Xiaobing Chen, Difeng Zhu, Jian Ma, Youyou Yan, Meimei Si, Xian Li, Chongde Sun, Bo Yang, Qiaojun He, Kunsong Chen
The purpose of this study is to prove the lipid-regulating effects of neohesperidin (NHP) and explore the potential mechanisms related to fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Free fatty acids (FFAs)-induced lipid-accumulated HepG2 cells, acutely egg yolk-induced dyslipidemia and chronically diet-induced obese (DIO) model mice were treated with NHP. Biochemical analyses were carried out to determine the lipid profiles. Western blotting and real-time PCR were employed to analyze FGF21, AMPK and the related proteins or mRNA expressions...
May 30, 2017: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549196/effects-of-enterococcus-faecium-slb-120-on-growth-performance-blood-parameters-relative-organ-weight-breast-muscle-meat-quality-excreta-microbiota-shedding-and-noxious-gas-emission-in-broilers
#10
R X Lan, S I Lee, I H Kim
This 5-week study was conducted to determine the effects of Enterococcus faecium (SLB 120) on growth performance, blood parameters, relative organ weight, breast muscle meat quality, excreta microbiota shedding, and noxious gas emission in broilers. A total of 816 one-day-old male broilers were allocated to 4 groups with 12 replications (17 broilers/pen) according to body weight (43.2 ± 0.32 g). Dietary treatment groups were: (1) CON, basal diet, (2) T1, CON + 0.05% E. faecium, (3) T2, CON + 0.10% E. faecium, (4) T3, CON + 0...
May 26, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545403/long-lasting-effect-of-obesity-on-skeletal-muscle-transcriptome
#11
Ilhem Messaoudi, Mithila Handu, Maham Rais, Suhas Sureshchandra, Byung S Park, Suzanne S Fei, Hollis Wright, Ashley E White, Ruhee Jain, Judy L Cameron, Kerri M Winters-Stone, Oleg Varlamov
BACKGROUND: Reduced physical activity and increased intake of calorically-dense diets are the main risk factors for obesity, glucose intolerance, and type 2 diabetes. Chronic overnutrition and hyperglycemia can alter gene expression, contributing to long-term obesity complications. While caloric restriction can reduce obesity and glucose intolerance, it is currently unknown whether it can effectively reprogram transcriptome to a pre-obesity level. The present study addressed this question by the preliminary examination of the transcriptional dynamics in skeletal muscle after exposure to overnutrition and following caloric restriction...
May 25, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530575/effects-of-ergothioneine-rich-mushroom-extracts-on-lipid-oxidation-and-discoloration-in-salmon-muscle-stored-at-low-temperatures
#12
Jade Pahila, Hisayuki Kaneda, Reiko Nagasaka, Tomoyuki Koyama, Toshiaki Ohshima
The effects of supplementing ergothioneine-rich mushroom extracts (ME) on discoloration and lipid oxidation in astaxanthin-pigmented salmon muscles were evaluated. ME (Flammulina velutipes) were added (in vitro) to minced Oncorhynchus mykiss muscles and stored at -10°C. During several weeks of storage, the ME-treated group showed lower lipid hydroperoxide (HPO) accumulation and higher retained astaxanthin levels than in the control group. The effects of adding concentrated ME (Pleurotus cornucopiae) to Oncorhynchus kisutch diets were also tested over a 2-month feeding trial...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521034/effects-of-dietary-gallic-acid-supplementation-on-performance-antioxidant-status-and-jejunum-intestinal-morphology-in-broiler-chicks
#13
K G Samuel, J Wang, H Y Yue, S G Wu, H J Zhang, Z Y Duan, G H Qi
Gallic acid (GA), widely distributed in plants and feeds, is known to have a diverse range of activities such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-allergic, anti-mutagenic, and anti-carcinogenic. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of inclusion of dietary GA at levels 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, or 150 mg/kg on growth performance, antioxidant status, and jejunum intestinal morphology of broiler chicks. In total, 630 one-day-old Arbor Acres (AA) male broiler chicks were randomly allotted to 6 treatment groups for a period of 6 weeks...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516388/effects-of-different-selenium-sources-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-meat-quality-of-local-chinese-subei-chickens
#14
J L Li, L Zhang, Z Y Yang, Z Y Zhang, Y Jiang, F Gao, G H Zhou
Despite increasing evidence indicating the essential involvement of selenium (Se) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and meat quality of commercial broilers, the effects of different Se sources on local Chinese Subei chickens is unclear. A total of 360 50-day-old male chickens were individually weighed and randomly allocated to four treatment groups. Chickens in each of the four groups were fed diets supplemented with 0.3 mg Se/kg as sodium Se (SS), Se-enriched yeast (SY), selenomethionine (Met-Se), or nano red element Se (Nano-Se) for 40 days...
May 17, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507342/effects-of-dietary-methionine-on-breast-muscle-growth-myogenic-gene-expression-and-igf-i-signaling-in-fast-and-slow-growing-broilers
#15
Chao Wen, Xueying Jiang, Liren Ding, Tian Wang, Yanmin Zhou
This study investigated the responses of fast- (FG) and slow- (SG) growing broilers to dietary methionine (Met) status. The broilers were subjected to low (LM, 0.38 and 0.28 g/100 g), adequate (AM, 0.51 and 0.42 g/100 g) and high (HM, 0.65 and 0.52 g/100 g) Met during 1-21 and 22-42 d, respectively. Compared with the LM diets, the AM and HM diets increased body weight gain only in the FG broilers. The HM diets increased breast muscle yield only in the FG broilers, although insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentration was increased in both strains of broilers...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497652/an-isoflavone-enriched-diet-increases-skeletal-muscle-adaptation-in-response-to-physical-activity-in-ovariectomized-rats
#16
Wenya Zheng, Jonas Hengevoß, Sebastian T Soukup, Sabine E Kulling, Mingyong Xie, Patrick Diel
SCOPE: This study was to investigate anabolic adaptation of skeletal muscle in response to an isoflavone (ISO) enriched diet, training and their combinations in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Female Wistar rats were sedentary, performed treadmill uphill running, received ISOs, or a combination of ISOs and running after ovariectomy. Body weight was increased by OVX. Both ISO and training treatment antagonized this increase. The weights of soleus and gastrocnemius muscles were increased only when training and ISOs were combined...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497348/evaluation-of-dietary-palygorskite-supplementation-on-growth-performance-mineral-accumulations-antioxidant-capacities-and-meat-quality-of-broilers-fed-lead-contaminated-diet
#17
Y F Cheng, Y P Chen, C Wen, W B Wang, A Q Wang, Y M Zhou
The objective of this study was to evaluate influence of dietary palygorskite (Pal) supplementation on growth performance, mineral accumulations in the tissues (livers, kidneys, and muscles), antioxidant capacities, and meat quality of broilers fed lead (Pb)-contaminated diet. One-hundred forty-four male broiler chicks were randomly divided into three treatment groups, receiving a corn-soybean meal basal diet (the control group), the basal diet contaminated with 10 mg/kg Pb (the Pb group), and the basal diet with 10-g/kg Pal supplementation and 10-mg/kg Pb contamination (the Pal/Pb group) from 1 to 42 days of age, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494385/l-leucine-dietary-supplementation-modulates-muscle-protein-degradation-and-increases-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-tumour-bearing-rats
#18
Bread Cruz, André Oliveira, Maria Cristina Cintra Gomes-Marcondes
Cancer cachexia is characterised by involuntary weight loss associated with systemic inflammation and metabolic changes. Studies aimed at maintaining lean body mass in cachectic tumour-bearing hosts have made important contributions reducing the number of deaths and improving the quality of life. In recent years, leucine has demonstrated effective action in maintaining lean body mass by decreasing muscle protein degradation. Currently, there is a growing need to understand how leucine stimulates protein synthesis and acts protectively in a cachectic organism...
May 8, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485800/gdf11-does-not-improve-the-palmitate-induced-insulin-resistance-in-c2c12
#19
Y-Y Jing, D Li, F Wu, L-L Gong, R Li
OBJECTIVE: GDF11 (Growth Differentiation factor 11) has been reported to rejuvenate skeletal muscle, heart and brain in aged mice, and the aged skeletal muscle is closely related to insulin resistance. We wondered whether GDF11 has an effect on skeletal muscle insulin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High fat diet induced obese mice with insulin resistance were established in vivo. Palmitate-induced insulin resistance in C2C12 myotubes was established in vitro...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464081/a-multivariate-approach-to-determine-the-factors-affecting-response-level-of-growth-carcass-and-meat-quality-traits-in-finishing-pigs-fed-ractopamine
#20
M A Pompeu, L A Rodrigues, L F L Cavalcanti, D O Fontes, F L B Toral
The effect of ractopamine (RAC) supplementation on growth, carcass, and meat quality traits of finishing pigs was studied using a meta-analytical approach. The database was composed of 57 studies published from 2004 to 2016. The dependent variables extracted for the meta-analysis included final BW, ADG, ADFI, feed:gain ratio, HCW, dressing percentage, carcass length, lean yield, back fat thickness, loin muscle area, loin depth, postmortem pH, meat brightness, redness, and yellowness. The studies were grouped by similarity in 3 clusters (C1, C2, and C3) by hierarchical clustering on principle components...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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