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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913281/beyond-emotion-recognition-deficits-a-theory-guided-analysis-of-emotion-processing-in-huntington-s-disease
#1
REVIEW
Catarina C Kordsachia, Izelle Labuschagne, Julie C Stout
Deficits in facial emotion recognition in Huntington's disease (HD) have been extensively researched, however, a theory-based integration of these deficits into the broader picture of emotion processing is lacking. To describe the full extent of emotion processing deficits we reviewed the clinical research literature in HD, including a consideration of research in Parkinson's disease, guided by a theoretical model on emotion processing, the Component Process Model. Further, to contribute to understanding the mechanisms underlying deficient emotion recognition, we discussed the literature in light of specific emotion recognition theories...
November 29, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910731/selective-attention-to-emotional-prosody-in-social-anxiety-a-dichotic-listening-study
#2
Virginie Peschard, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Pierre Philippot
The majority of evidence on social anxiety (SA)-linked attentional biases to threat comes from research using facial expressions. Emotions are, however, communicated through other channels, such as voice. Despite its importance in the interpretation of social cues, emotional prosody processing in SA has been barely explored. This study investigated whether SA is associated with enhanced processing of task-irrelevant angry prosody. Fifty-three participants with high and low SA performed a dichotic listening task in which pairs of male/female voices were presented, one to each ear, with either the same or different prosody (neutral or angry)...
December 2, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907238/an-assessment-of-how-facial-mimicry-can-change-facial-morphology-implications-for-identification
#3
Daniele Gibelli, Danilo De Angelis, Pasquale Poppa, Chiarella Sforza, Cristina Cattaneo
The assessment of facial mimicry is important in forensic anthropology; in addition, the application of modern 3D image acquisition systems may help for the analysis of facial surfaces. This study aimed at exposing a novel method for comparing 3D profiles in different facial expressions. Ten male adults, aged between 30 and 40 years, underwent acquisitions by stereophotogrammetry (VECTRA-3D(®) ) with different expressions (neutral, happy, sad, angry, surprised). The acquisition of each individual was then superimposed on the neutral one according to nine landmarks, and the root mean square (RMS) value between the two expressions was calculated...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905082/facial-identity-and-emotional-expression-as-predictors-during-economic-decisions
#4
Sonia Alguacil, Eduardo Madrid, Antonio M Espín, María Ruz
Two sources of information most relevant to guide social decision making are the cooperative tendencies associated with different people and their facial emotional displays. This electrophysiological experiment aimed to study how the use of personal identity and emotional expressions as cues impacts different stages of face processing and their potential isolated or interactive processing. Participants played a modified trust game with 8 different alleged partners, and in separate blocks either the identity or the emotions carried information regarding potential trial outcomes (win or loss)...
November 30, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904951/pre-emptive-injection-of-peri-articular-multimodal-drug-for-post-operative-pain-management-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Mahdi Motififard, Ali Omidian, Sajad Badiei
PURPOSE: Severe post-operative pain is one of the main problems after total knee arthroplasty. In this study, we investigated the effect of a peri-articular multimodal drugs injections pre-emptively on post-operative pain control and knee functions following total knee arthroplasty. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Eligible cases including 137 patients-aged 30 to 80 years old-were randomly divided into one of two groups: the drug group received a cocktail consisting of bupivacaine hydrochloride, morphine sulphate, epinephrine, and ketorolac...
November 30, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904004/delayed-diagnosis-of-blunt-carotid-trauma-in-a-seat-belt-syndrome-with-associated-abdominal-wall-injury-a-case-report
#6
Savino Occhionorelli, Dario Andreotti, Daniela Tartarini, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Lucia Morganti, Giorgio Vasquez
: The aim of this case report is to be aware of occult carotid lesions in thoracic- abdominal trauma because, carotid artery injury consequent to blunt trauma is rare, affecting less than 1% of patients as reported in literature. A 45-years-old female, involved in a traffic accident, arrived to Emergency Room hemodynamically stable, with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 15, complaining abdominal pain, without any neurological signs. She underwent Computed Tomography (CT) scan that showed a complete disruption of left abdominal wall muscles, associated with massive bowel loops herniation...
November 28, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902832/association-of-irritability-and-anxiety-with-the-neural-mechanisms-of-implicit-face-emotion-processing-in-youths-with-psychopathology
#7
Joel Stoddard, Wan-Ling Tseng, Pilyoung Kim, Gang Chen, Jennifer Yi, Laura Donahue, Melissa A Brotman, Kenneth E Towbin, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
Importance: Psychiatric comorbidity complicates clinical care and confounds efforts to elucidate the pathophysiology of commonly occurring symptoms in youths. To our knowledge, few studies have simultaneously assessed the effect of 2 continuously distributed traits on brain-behavior relationships in children with psychopathology. Objective: To determine shared and unique effects of 2 major dimensions of child psychopathology, irritability and anxiety, on neural responses to facial emotions during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902721/facial-indicators-of-positive-emotions-in-rats
#8
Kathryn Finlayson, Jessica Frances Lampe, Sara Hintze, Hanno Würbel, Luca Melotti
Until recently, research in animal welfare science has mainly focused on negative experiences like pain and suffering, often neglecting the importance of assessing and promoting positive experiences. In rodents, specific facial expressions have been found to occur in situations thought to induce negatively valenced emotional states (e.g., pain, aggression and fear), but none have yet been identified for positive states. Thus, this study aimed to investigate if facial expressions indicative of positive emotional state are exhibited in rats...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901041/bainbridge-ropers-syndrome-caused-by-loss-of-function-variants-in-asxl3-a-recognizable-condition
#9
Alma Kuechler, Johanna Christina Czeschik, Elisabeth Graf, Ute Grasshoff, Ulrike Hüffmeier, Tiffany Busa, Stefanie Beck-Woedl, Laurence Faivre, Jean-Baptiste Rivière, Ingrid Bader, Johannes Koch, André Reis, Ute Hehr, Olaf Rittinger, Wolfgang Sperl, Tobias B Haack, Thomas Wieland, Hartmut Engels, Holger Prokisch, Tim M Strom, Hermann-Josef Lüdecke, Dagmar Wieczorek
Truncating ASXL3 mutations were first identified in 2013 by Bainbridge et al. as a cause of syndromic intellectual disability in four children with similar phenotypes using whole-exome sequencing. The clinical features - postulated by Bainbridge et al. to be overlapping with Bohring-Opitz syndrome - were developmental delay, severe feeding difficulties, failure to thrive and neurological abnormalities. This condition was included in OMIM as 'Bainbridge-Ropers syndrome' (BRPS, #615485). To date, a total of nine individuals with BRPS have been published in the literature in four reports (Bainbridge et al...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900919/do-infants-discriminate-non-linguistic-vocal-expressions-of-positive-emotions
#10
Melanie Soderstrom, Melissa Reimchen, Disa Sauter, James L Morgan
Adults are highly proficient in understanding emotional signals from both facial and vocal cues, including when communicating across cultural boundaries. However, the developmental origin of this ability is poorly understood, and in particular, little is known about the ontogeny of differentiation of signals with the same valence. The studies reported here employed a habituation paradigm to test whether preverbal infants discriminate between non-linguistic vocal expressions of relief and triumph. Infants as young as 6 months who had habituated to relief or triumph showed significant discrimination of relief and triumph tokens at test (i...
February 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900467/what-makes-a-smiling-face-look-happy-visual-saliency-distinctiveness-and-affect
#11
Manuel G Calvo, Aida Gutiérrez-García, Mario Del Líbano
We investigated the relative contribution of (a) perceptual (eyes and mouth visual saliency), (b) conceptual or categorical (eye expression distinctiveness), and (c) affective (rated valence and arousal) factors, and (d) specific morphological facial features (Action Units; AUs), to the recognition of facial happiness. The face stimuli conveyed truly happy expressions with a smiling mouth and happy eyes, or blended expressions with a smile but non-happy eyes (neutral, sad, fearful, disgusted, surprised, or angry)...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900361/kbg-syndrome-involving-a-single-nucleotide-duplication-in-ankrd11
#12
Robert Kleyner, Janet Malcolmson, David Tegay, Kenneth Ward, Annette Maughan, Glenn Maughan, Lesa Nelson, Kai Wang, Reid Robison, Gholson J Lyon
KBG syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant genetic condition characterized by neurological involvement and distinct facial, hand, and skeletal features. More than 70 cases have been reported; however, it is likely that KBG syndrome is underdiagnosed because of lack of comprehensive characterization of the heterogeneous phenotypic features. We describe the clinical manifestations in a male currently 13 years of age, who exhibited symptoms including epilepsy, severe developmental delay, distinct facial features, and hand anomalies, without a positive genetic diagnosis...
November 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899310/electrophysiological-evidence-for-attentional-capture-by-irrelevant-angry-facial-expressions-naturalistic-faces
#13
Nicolas Burra, Sélim Yahia Coll, Caroline Barras, Dirk Kerzel
Recently, research on lateralized event related potentials (ERPs) in response to irrelevant distractors has revealed that angry but not happy schematic distractors capture spatial attention. Whether this effect occurs in the context of the natural expression of emotions is unknown. To fill this gap, observers were asked to judge the gender of a natural face surrounded by a singleton color among five other face identities. In contrast to previous studies, the similarity between the task-relevant feature (color) and the distractor features was low...
November 26, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896270/the-assessment-of-facial-expressions-in-piglets-undergoing-tail-docking-and-castration-toward-the-development-of-the-piglet-grimace-scale
#14
Pierpaolo Di Giminiani, Victoria L M H Brierley, Annalisa Scollo, Flaviana Gottardo, Emma M Malcolm, Sandra A Edwards, Matthew C Leach
Many piglets are exposed to potentially painful husbandry procedures within the first week of life, including tail docking and castration, without the provision of either anesthesia or analgesia. The assessment methods used to evaluate pain experienced by piglets are often affected by low specificity and practical limitations, prompting the investigation of alternative methodologies. The assessment of changes in facial expression following a painful event has been successfully applied to several species. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the utility of a Grimace Scale applied to neonatal pigs to evaluate pain evoked by tail docking and castration...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895883/alexithymia-but-not-autism-spectrum-disorder-may-be-related-to-the-production-of-emotional-facial-expressions
#15
Dominic A Trevisan, Marleis Bowering, Elina Birmingham
BACKGROUND: A prominent diagnostic criterion of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relates to the abnormal or diminished use of facial expressions. Yet little is known about the mechanisms that contribute to this feature of ASD. METHODS: We showed children with and without ASD emotionally charged video clips in order to parse out individual differences in spontaneous production of facial expressions using automated facial expression analysis software. RESULTS: Using hierarchical multiple regression, we sought to determine whether alexithymia (characterized by difficulties interpreting one's own feeling states) contributes to diminished facial expression production...
2016: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893222/the-emotion-seen-in-a-face-can-be-a-methodological-artifact-the-process-of-elimination-hypothesis
#16
Marissa A DiGirolamo, James A Russell
The claim that certain facial expressions signal certain specific emotions has been supported by high observer agreement in labeling the emotion predicted for that expression. Our hypothesis was that, with a method common to the field, high observer agreement can be achieved through a process of elimination: As participants move from trial to trial and they encounter a type of expression not previously encountered in the experiment, they tend to eliminate labels they have already associated with expressions seen on previous trials; they then select among labels not previously used...
November 28, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891819/autism-and-emotional-face-viewing
#17
Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Daniel Hovey, Nicole Zürcher, Loyse Hippolyte, Eric Lemonnier, Christopher Gillberg, Nouchine Hadjikhani
Atypical patterns of face-scanning in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may contribute to difficulties in social interactions, but there is little agreement regarding what exactly characterizes face-viewing in ASD. In addition, little research has examined how face-viewing is modulated by the emotional expression of the stimuli, in individuals with or without ASD. We used eye-tracking to explore viewing patterns during perception of dynamic emotional facial expressions in relatively large groups of individuals with (n = 57) and without ASD (n = 58) and examined diagnostic- and age-related effects, after subgrouping children and adolescents (≤18 years), on the one hand, and adults (>18 years), on the other...
November 28, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891474/an-evaluation-of-use-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-in-the-management-of-dynamic-forehead-wrinkles-a-clinical-study
#18
Avvaru Susmita, Naga Neelima Devi Kolli, Sridhar Meka, Srinivas Pandi Chakravarthi, Vivekanand Sabanna Kattimani, Krishna Prasad Lingamaneni, Latheef Saheb Shaik
INTRODUCTION: The pursuit of youth and beauty has undergone a resurgence of interest which is evidenced by increasing cosmetic procedures. Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox) is one among the many procedures invented for facial rejuvenation which denervates certain muscles of facial expression responsible for facial wrinkles. It has been applied in the forehead, glabella, lateral canthal area and neck. In maxillofacial area hyperactive forehead wrinkles show sagging. AIM: This study was aimed to clinically evaluate the efficacy of Botox injection in the elimination of hyperdynamic forehead wrinkles and the objectives were to compare pre-operative and post-operative improvement in the number of wrinkles, photographic grading and patient satisfaction responses after 1(st) week, 4(th) week and 16(th) week...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887980/the-interaction-between-state-and-dispositional-emotions-in-decision-making-an-erp-study
#19
Yingying Wang, Ruolei Gu, Yue-Jia Luo, Chenglin Zhou
In this study, to investigate the influence of incidental emotions on decision making in high-anxious individuals, participants were required to perform a monetary gambling task. Behavioral and electroencephalography responses were recorded to explore the stages of option assessment and outcome evaluation during decision making, respectively. Incidental emotions were elicited by facial expression pictures presented on the background, which included four conditions (control, neutral, fearful, and happy). Results showed smaller feedback-related negativity (FRN) amplitudes in high-anxious participants than low-anxious participants in the control, neutral, and fearful conditions, but not in the happy condition, for small outcomes...
November 22, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886807/a-method-for-the-assessment-of-facial-hedonic-reactions-in-newborns
#20
Caroline Ayres, Charles F Ferreira, Juliana R Bernardi, Thiago B Marcelino, Vânia N Hirakata, Clécio H da Silva, Marcelo Z Goldani
OBJECTIVE: This study describes a quantitative and qualitative methodology to assess hedonic responses to sweet stimulus in healthy newborns. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional, observational study, with healthy newborns (up to 24h of life), between 37 and 42 gestational weeks, vaginally born and breastfed previously to all tests. The evaluation of the newborns reactions was performed by hedonic facial expression analysis, characterized by facial expressions with rhythmic serial tongue protrusion after neutral or sweet solution intake...
November 22, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
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