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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738311/perception-is-key-does-perceptual-sensitivity-and-parenting-behavior-predict-children-s-reactivity-to-others-emotions
#1
Joyce Weeland, Alithe Van den Akker, Meike Slagt, Samuel Putnam
When interacting with other people, both children's biological predispositions and past experiences play a role in how they will process and respond to social-emotional cues. Children may partly differ in their reactions to such cues because they differ in the threshold for perceiving such cues in general. Theoretically, perceptual sensitivity (i.e., the amount of detection of slight, low-intensity stimuli from the external environment independent of visual and auditory ability) might, therefore, provide us with specific information on individual differences in susceptibility to the environment...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738210/neural-activity-and-emotional-processing-following-military-deployment-effects-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Daniel V Zuj, Kim L Felmingham, Matthew A Palmer, Ellie Lawrence-Wood, Miranda Van Hooff, Andrew J Lawrence, Richard A Bryant, Alexander C McFarlane
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are common comorbidities during military deployment that affect emotional brain processing, yet few studies have examined the independent effects of mTBI and PTSD. The purpose of this study was to examine distinct differences in neural responses to emotional faces in mTBI and PTSD. Twenty-one soldiers reporting high PTSD symptoms were compared to 21 soldiers with low symptoms, and 16 soldiers who reported mTBI-consistent injury and symptoms were compared with 16 soldiers who did not sustain an mTBI...
July 21, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736585/late-onset-asymptomatic-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-a-case-report-on-the-phenotypic-expansion-for-men1
#3
Charu Kaiwar, Sarah K Macklin, Jennifer M Gass, Jessica Jackson, Eric W Klee, Stephanie L Hines, John A Stauffer, Paldeep S Atwal
BACKGROUND: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a hereditary cancer syndrome associated with several endocrine as well as non-endocrine tumors and is caused by mutations in the MEN1 gene. Primary hyperparathyroidism affects the majority of MEN1 individuals by age 50 years. Additionally, MEN1 mutations trigger familial isolated hyperparathyroidism. We describe a seemingly unaffected 76-year-old female who presented to our Genetics Clinic with a family history of primary hyperparathyroidism and the identification of a pathogenic MEN1 variant...
2017: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734993/esthetically-favorable-surgical-alternative-for-the-removal-of-sinonasal-malignant-tumors-the-modified-facial-degloving-technique
#4
REVIEW
Gábor Vass, Zsolt Bella, Zoltán Tóbiás, Attila Nagy, László Iván, László Rovó
PURPOSE: The widely used external approach (Weber-Fergusson incision) for the removal of maxillary ethmoid tumors leaves stigmatizing scars and deformities on the patient's face. As an alternative technique, the scarless facial degloving approach was first described in the 1970s; since then, several modifications have been developed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors have been using a modified facial degloving technique for 7 years to remove maxillary ethmoid tumors...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729022/boldness-psychopathic-traits-predict-reduced-gaze-toward-fearful-eyes-in-men-with-a-history-of-violence
#5
Steven M Gillespie, Pia Rotshtein, Anthony R Beech, Ian J Mitchell
Research with developmental and adult samples has shown a relationship of psychopathic traits with reduced eye gaze. However, these relationships remained to be investigated among forensic samples. Here we examined the eye movements of male violent offenders during an emotion recognition task. Violent offenders performed similar to non-offending controls, and their eye movements varied with the emotion and intensity of the facial expression. In the violent offender group Boldness psychopathic traits, but not Meanness or Disinhibition, were associated with reduced dwell time and fixation counts, and slower first fixation latencies, on the eyes compared with the mouth...
July 17, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727040/genome-wide-association-studies-and-meta-analysis-reveal-novel-quantitative-trait-loci-and-pleiotropic-loci-for-swine-head-related-traits
#6
H Chen, T Huang, Z Zhang, B Yang, C Jiang, J Wu, Z Zhou, H Zheng, W Xin, M Huang, M Zhang, C Chen, J Ren, H Ai, L Huang
The pig is an important domestic animal that provides a larger amount of meat and serves as a biomedical animal model for human. Head and facial features are closely linked to identity recognition in mammal communication. To uncover the genetic architecture of swine head and facial features, we constructed 5 experimental pig populations and accurately measured 10 traits related to head and facial features, for which genome-wide association studies and meta-analysis were later carried out. As a result, we identified a total of 24 loci harboring 437 SNP on 8 swine chromosomes (SSC) that surpassed suggestively significant levels, of which 17 loci on 6 chromosomes exceeded the 5% genome-wide significance thresholds...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726812/a-patient-with-germ-line-gain-of-function-pdgfrb-p-n666h-mutation-and-marked-clinical-response-to-imatinib
#7
Dinel Pond, Florence A Arts, Nancy J Mendelsohn, Jean-Baptiste Demoulin, Gunter Scharer, Yoav Messinger
PurposeHeterozygous germ-line activating mutations in PDGFRB cause Kosaki and Penttinen syndromes and myofibromatosis. We describe a 10-year-old child with a germ-line PDGFRB p.N666H mutation who responded to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib by inhibition of PDGFRB.MethodsThe impact of p.N666H on PDGFRB function and sensitivity to imatinib was studied in cell culture.ResultsCells expressing the p.N666H mutation showed constitutive PDGFRB tyrosine phosphorylation. PDGF-independent proliferation was abolished by imatinib at 1 μM concentration...
July 20, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726231/-emotional-facial-recognition-difficulties-as-primary-deficit-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#8
D Rodrigo-Ruiz, J C Perez-Gonzalez, J Cejudo
INTRODUCTION: It has recently been warned that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show a deficit in emotional competence and emotional intelligence, specifically in their ability to emotional recognition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature in reference to the emotional recognition of facial expressions in children with ADHD is presented in order to establish or rule the existence of emotional deficits as primary dysfunction in this disorder and, where appropriate, the effect size of the differences against normal development or neurotypical children...
August 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725431/angiosarcoma-treated-successfully-with-anti-pd-1-therapy-a-case-report
#9
Simran Sindhu, Lana H Gimber, Lee Cranmer, Ali McBride, Andrew S Kraft
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcomas are tumors of malignant endothelial origin that have a poor prognosis with a five-year survival of less than 40%. These tumors can be found in all age groups, but are more common in older patients; with the cutaneous form most common in older white men. Combined modality therapy including surgery and radiation appears to have a better outcome than each modality alone. When metastatic, agents such as liposomal doxorubicin, paclitaxel and ifosfamide have activity but it is short-lived and not curative...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724810/updates-on-upper-eyelid-blepharoplasty
#10
REVIEW
Kasturi Bhattacharjee, Diva Kant Misra, Nilutparna Deori
The human face is composed of small functional and cosmetic units, of which the eyes and periocular region constitute the main point of focus in routine face-to-face interactions. This dynamic region plays a pivotal role in the expression of mood, emotion, and character, thus making it the most relevant component of the facial esthetic and functional unit. Any change in the periocular unit leads to facial imbalance and functional disharmony, leading both the young and the elderly to seek consultation, thus making blepharoplasty the surgical procedure of choice for both cosmetic and functional amelioration...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723957/brain-synchronization-during-perception-of-facial-emotional-expressions-with-natural-and-unnatural-dynamics
#11
Dionysios Perdikis, Jakob Volhard, Viktor Müller, Kathrin Kaulard, Timothy R Brick, Christian Wallraven, Ulman Lindenberger
Research on the perception of facial emotional expressions (FEEs) often uses static images that do not capture the dynamic character of social coordination in natural settings. Recent behavioral and neuroimaging studies suggest that dynamic FEEs (videos or morphs) enhance emotion perception. To identify mechanisms associated with the perception of FEEs with natural dynamics, the present EEG (Electroencephalography)study compared (i) ecologically valid stimuli of angry and happy FEEs with natural dynamics to (ii) FEEs with unnatural dynamics, and to (iii) static FEEs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722199/facial-expression-coding-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-reduced-adaptability-but-intact-norm-based-coding
#12
Gillian Rhodes, Nichola Burton, Linda Jeffery, Ainsley Read, Libby Taylor, Louise Ewing
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can have difficulty recognizing emotional expressions. Here, we asked whether the underlying perceptual coding of expression is disrupted. Typical individuals code expression relative to a perceptual (average) norm that is continuously updated by experience. This adaptability of face-coding mechanisms has been linked to performance on various face tasks. We used an adaptation aftereffect paradigm to characterize expression coding in children and adolescents with autism...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717523/assessment-of-emotional-expressions-after-full-face-transplantation
#13
Çağdaş Topçu, Hilmi Uysal, Ömer Özkan, Özlenen Özkan, Övünç Polat, Merve Bedeloğlu, Arzu Akgül, Ela Naz Döğer, Refik Sever, Nur Ebru Barçın, Kadriye Tombak, Ömer Halil Çolak
We assessed clinical features as well as sensory and motor recoveries in 3 full-face transplantation patients. A frequency analysis was performed on facial surface electromyography data collected during 6 basic emotional expressions and 4 primary facial movements. Motor progress was assessed using the wavelet packet method by comparison against the mean results obtained from 10 healthy subjects. Analyses were conducted on 1 patient at approximately 1 year after face transplantation and at 2 years after transplantation in the remaining 2 patients...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716674/pleasant-and-unpleasant-odour-face-combinations-influence-face-and-odour-perception-an-event-related-potential-study
#14
Stephanie Cook, Katerina Kokmotou, Vicente Soto, Nicholas Fallon, John Tyson-Carr, Anna Thomas, Timo Giesbrecht, Matt Field, Andrej Stancak
Odours alter evaluations of concurrent visual stimuli. However, neural mechanisms underlying the effects of congruent and incongruent odours on facial expression perception are not clear. Moreover, the influence of emotional faces on odour perception is not established. We investigated the effects of one pleasant and one unpleasant odour paired with happy and disgusted faces, on subjective ratings and ERP responses to faces. Participants rated the pleasantness of happy and disgusted faces that appeared during 3second pleasant or unpleasant odour pulses, or without odour...
July 14, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716069/angiosarcoma-treated-successfully-with-anti-pd-1-therapy-a-case-report
#15
Simran Sindhu, Lana H Gimber, Lee Cranmer, Ali McBride, Andrew S Kraft
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcomas are tumors of malignant endothelial origin that have a poor prognosis with a five-year survival of less than 40%. These tumors can be found in all age groups, but are more common in older patients; with the cutaneous form most common in older white men. Combined modality therapy including surgery and radiation appears to have a better outcome than each modality alone. When metastatic, agents such as liposomal doxorubicin, paclitaxel and ifosfamide have activity but it is short-lived and not curative...
July 18, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715782/approach-and-avoidance-tendencies-in-depression-and-anxiety-disorders
#16
Sascha Y Struijs, Femke Lamers, Maartje S Vroling, Karin Roelofs, Philip Spinhoven, Brenda W J H Penninx
Anxiety is linked to increased avoidance and inhibition, whereas depression is linked to decreased approach and diminished behavioral activation. Although these notions are widely recognized, systematic investigation of approach-avoidance tendencies is lacking across these diagnostic groups. Participants (mean age = 45.6; 65.8% female) were subdivided in healthy controls (405), remitted patients (877) and currently anxious (217), depressed (154) or comorbid (154) patients. Automatic approach-avoidance tendencies in reaction to facial expression were assessed using the Approach-Avoidance-Task (AAT)...
July 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715442/combining-random-forest-with-multi-block-local-binary-pattern-feature-selection-for-multiclass-head-pose-estimation
#17
Min-Joo Kang, Jung-Kyung Lee, Je-Won Kang
A new head pose estimation technique based on Random Forest (RF) and texture features for facial image analysis using a monocular camera is proposed in this paper, especially about how to efficiently combine the random forest and the features. In the proposed technique a randomized tree with useful attributes is trained to improve estimation accuracy and tolerance of occlusions and illumination. Specifically, a number of features including Multi-scale Block Local Block Pattern (MB-LBP) are extracted from an image, and random features such as the MB-LBP scale parameters, a block coordinate, and a layer of an image pyramid in the feature pool are used for training the tree...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714700/children-s-prototypic-facial-expressions-during-emotion-eliciting-conversations-with-their-mothers
#18
Vanessa L Castro, Linda A Camras, Amy G Halberstadt, Michael Shuster
Despite theoretical claims that emotions are primarily communicated through prototypic facial expressions, empirical evidence is surprisingly scarce. This study aimed to (a) test whether children produced more components of a prototypic emotional facial expression during situations judged or self-reported to involve the corresponding emotion than situations involving other emotions (termed "intersituational specificity"), (b) test whether children produced more components of the prototypic expression corresponding to a situation's judged or self-reported emotion than components of other emotional expressions (termed "intrasituational specificity"), and (c) examine coherence between children's self-reported emotional experience and observers' judgments of children's emotions...
July 17, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714699/putting-context-in-context-the-effects-of-body-posture-and-emotion-scene-on-adult-categorizations-of-disgust-facial-expressions
#19
Peter J Reschke, Jennifer M Knothe, Lukas D Lopez, Eric A Walle
Affective face perception is influenced by nonfacial contextual elements. However, investigations often conflate body posture and emotion scene, making it unclear whether posture or the combination of posture and scene produces perception-altering effects. This study examined adults' categorizations of disgust facial expressions superimposed onto isolated emotion postures or postures embedded in emotion scenes. Results indicated that emotional postures exerted a significant contextual effect on adults' emotion categorizations of disgust faces...
July 17, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713338/investigation-of-och1-in-the-virulence-of-candida-parapsilosis-using-a-new-neonatal-mouse-model
#20
Katalin Csonka, Máté Vadovics, Annamária Marton, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Erik Zajta, Adél Tóth, Renáta Tóth, Csaba Vizler, László Tiszlavicz, Héctor M Mora-Montes, Attila Gácser
Candida parapsilosis is an opportunistic human fungal pathogen that poses a serious threat to low birth weight neonates, particularly at intensive care units. In premature infants, the distinct immune responses to Candida infections are not well understood. Although several in vivo models exist to study systemic candidiasis, only a few are available to investigate dissemination in newborns. In addition, the majority of related studies apply intraperitoneal infection rather than intravenous inoculation of murine infants that may be less efficient when studying systemic invasion...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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