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Reina Yamaji, Julia Rubin, Erika Thys, Cindy R Friedman, Lee W Riley
BACKGROUND: Incidence of drug-resistant community-acquired urinary tract infections (CA-UTI) continues to increase worldwide. In 1999-2000, a single lineage of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) ST69 caused 51% of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-resistant UTI in a Northern California university community. We compared the clonal distribution of UPEC and its impact on antimicrobial resistance prevalence in the same community during two periods separated by 17 years. METHODS: We analyzed E...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Sunjoo Kim, Jung Hyun Byun, Hyunwoong Park, Jaehyeon Lee, Hye Soo Lee, Haruno Yoshida, Akiyoshi Shibayama, Tomohiro Fujita, Yuzo Tsuyuki, Takashi Takahashi
BACKGROUND: The molecular characterization of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) has not yet been performed in Korea. This study aimed to find the differences or similarities in the clinical features, molecular epidemiological findings, and antimicrobial resistance patterns of SDSE from two countries (Korea and Japan). METHODS: SDSE isolates were collected from Korea (N=69) from 2012-2016 and Japan (N=71) from 2014-2016. Clinical characteristics, emm genotypes, and sequence types (STs) were compared...
May 2018: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
Magdalena T Nüesch-Inderbinen, Melinda Baschera, Katrin Zurfluh, Herbert Hächler, Hansjakob Nüesch, Roger Stephan
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the clonal structure, virulence potential and antibiotic susceptibility of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolates causing community acquired urinary tract infection (CAUTI) in unselected primary care patients in Switzerland. Methods: We performed multilocus sequence typing, virulence factor determination, and phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance testing on 44 non-duplicate UPEC isolates. Results: Twenty-seven different sequence types (STs) were identified...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Kathrin Nowak, Jakob Fahr, Natalie Weber, Antina Lübke-Becker, Torsten Semmler, Sabrina Weiss, Jean-Vivien Mombouli, Lothar H Wieler, Sebastian Guenther, Fabian H Leendertz, Christa Ewers
Bats are suspected to be a reservoir of several bacterial and viral pathogens relevant to animal and human health, but studies on Escherichia coli in these animals are sparse. We investigated the presence of E. coli in tissue samples (liver, lung and intestines) collected from 50 fruit bats of five different species (Eidolon helvum, Epomops franqueti, Hypsignathus monstrosus, Myonycteris torquata, Rousettus aegyptiacus) of two different areas in the Republic of Congo between 2009 and 2010. To assess E. coli pathotypes and phylogenetic relationships, we determined the presence of 59 virulence associated genes and multilocus sequence types (STs)...
2017: PloS One
Ryota Gomi, Tomonari Matsuda, Yasufumi Matsumura, Masaki Yamamoto, Michio Tanaka, Satoshi Ichiyama, Minoru Yoneda
Contamination of surface waters by antimicrobial-resistant bacteria and pathogenic bacteria is a great concern. In this study, 531 Escherichia coli isolates obtained from the Yamato River in Japan were evaluated phenotypically for resistance to 25 antimicrobials. Seventy-six isolates (14.3%) were multidrug resistant (MDR), 66 (12.4%) were nonsusceptible to one or two classes of agents, and 389 (73.3%) were susceptible. We performed whole-genome sequencing of selected strains by using Illumina technology. In total, the genome sequences of 155 strains were analyzed for antibiotic resistance determinants and phylogenetic characteristics...
March 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Sana Ferjani, Mabrouka Saidani, Zeineb Hamzaoui, Carla Andrea Alonso, Carmen Torres, Elaa Maamar, Amine Faouzi Slim, Ben Boubaker Ilhem Boutiba
The spread of extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) and plasmid mediated AmpC β-lactamases (pAmpC) was evaluated in Escherichia coli strains collected from the intestinal microbiota of healthy children in Tunisia. The carriage rate of CTX(R)E. coli was 6.6% (7 of 105 samples) and one strain/sample was further characterized (7 isolates). These isolates harbored blaCTX-M-1 (n = 4), blaCTX-M-15 (n = 2), and blaCMY-2 gene (n = 1), which were usually located on FIB replicon type and carried class 1 integrons. The acc(6')-Ib-cr variant was identified in one isolate that harbored blaCTX-M-15...
February 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
H Ciesielczuk, C Jenkins, M Chattaway, M Doumith, R Hope, N Woodford, D W Wareham
Extra-intestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli are a significant cause of urinary tract infection and bacteraemia within the UK. We sought to identify the serogroups of 658 E. coli isolates collected in the UK between January 2011 and March 2012, to better understand the ExPEC population and understand the relevance of serogroups in this pathotype. Isolates were typed and serogroup identified using established phenotypic and molecular methods. Sixty-two serogroups were identified; 54 among urinary isolates and 35 among bloodstream isolates...
October 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Malin Lager, Sara Mernelius, Sture Löfgren, Jan Söderman
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections caused by Escherichia coli and antibiotic resistance due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production constitute a threat against patient safety. To identify, track, and control outbreaks and to detect emerging virulent clones, typing tools of sufficient discriminatory power that generate reproducible and unambiguous data are needed. METHODS: A probe based real-time PCR method targeting multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) was developed...
2016: Clinical Laboratory
Doyle V Ward, Matthias Scholz, Moreno Zolfo, Diana H Taft, Kurt R Schibler, Adrian Tett, Nicola Segata, Ardythe L Morrow
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) afflicts approximately 10% of extremely preterm infants with high fatality. Inappropriate bacterial colonization with Enterobacteriaceae is implicated, but no specific pathogen has been identified. We identify uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) colonization as a significant risk factor for the development of NEC and subsequent mortality. We describe a large-scale deep shotgun metagenomic sequence analysis of the early intestinal microbiome of 144 preterm and 22 term infants. Using a pan-genomic approach to functionally subtype the E...
March 29, 2016: Cell Reports
Binghuai Lu, Yujie Fang, Lei Huang, Baowei Diao, Xiaoli Du, Biao Kan, Yanchao Cui, Fengxia Zhu, Dong Li, Duochun Wang
Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) is presently considered as a human pathogen associated with clinical infection. We characterized 56 SDSE isolates collected from two tertiary hospitals in Beijing, China. Sixteen distinct emm types/subtypes were detected, dominated by stG245.0 (32.1%), stG652.0 (10.7%), stG6.1 (10.7%) and stG485.0 (10.7%), and a novel stG840.0 variant type was identified. All isolates possessed virulence genes of sagA and scpA, and most carried slo (98.2%), ska (98.2%) and speG(dys) (35...
June 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
So Hae Park, Seok Cheol Choi, Kyung Won Lee, Mi-Na Kim, Soo Myung Hwang
Multilocus sequence typing analysis was applied to determine the genotypes of 147 (137 clinical and 10 environmental) Cryptococcus neoformans and three clinical Cryptococcus gattii isolates from 1993 to 2014 in Korea. Among the 137 clinical isolates of C. neoformans, the most prevalent genotype was ST5 (n = 131), followed by ST31 (n = 5) and ST127 (n = 1). Three C. gattii strains were identified as ST57, ST7, and ST113. All environmental isolates were identified as C. neoformans with two genotypes, ST5 (n = 7) and ST31 (n = 3)...
September 2015: Mycobiology
Majed F Alghoribi, Tarek M Gibreel, Garry Farnham, Sameera M Al Johani, Hanan H Balkhy, Mathew Upton
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the molecular epidemiology of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) from a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, revealing, for the first time, the population structure of UPEC in the region. METHODS: A total of 202 UPEC isolates were recovered from hospital and community patients with urinary tract infection in December 2012 and January 2013. Strains were characterized by MLST, antibiotic susceptibility determination and virulence gene detection...
October 2015: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Peter Ulleryd, Torsten Sandberg, Flemming Scheutz, Connie Clabots, Brian D Johnston, Paul Thuras, James R Johnson
Of 23 unique Escherichia coli strains from 10 men with febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) and their female sex partners, 6 strains (all UTI causing) were shared between partners. Molecularly, the 6 shared strains appeared more virulent than the 17 nonshared strains, being associated with phylogenetic group B2, sequence types ST73 and ST127, and multiple specific virulence genes. This indicates that UTIs are sometimes sexually transmitted.
June 2015: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Aaron E Darling, Jessica McKinnon, Paul Worden, Jerran Santos, Ian G Charles, Piklu Roy Chowdhury, Steven P Djordjevic
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli are a frequent cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) and are thought to have a foodborne origin. E. coli with sequence type 127 (ST127) are emerging pathogens increasingly implicated as a cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) globally. A ST127 isolate (2009-46) resistant to ampicillin and trimethoprim was recovered from the urine of a 56 year old patient with a UTI from a hospital in Sydney, Australia and was characterised here. RESULTS: We sequenced the genome of Escherichia coli 2009-46 using the Illumina Nextera XT and MiSeq technologies...
2014: Gut Pathogens
Majed F Alghoribi, Tarek M Gibreel, Andrew R Dodgson, Scott A Beatson, Mathew Upton
Galleria mellonella larvae are an alternative in vivo model for investigating bacterial pathogenicity. Here, we examined the pathogenicity of 71 isolates from five leading uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) lineages using G. mellonella larvae. Larvae were challenged with a range of inoculum doses to determine the 50% lethal dose (LD50) and for analysis of survival outcome using Kaplan-Meier plots. Virulence was correlated with carriage of a panel of 29 virulence factors (VF). Larvae inoculated with ST69 and ST127 isolates (10(4) colony-forming units/larvae) showed significantly higher mortality rates than those infected with ST73, ST95 and ST131 isolates, killing 50% of the larvae within 24 hours...
2014: PloS One
S E Dawson, T Gibreel, N Nicolaou, H AlRabiah, Y Xu, R Goodacre, M Upton
In this paper, we demonstrate that Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy is able to discriminate rapidly between uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) of key lineages with only relatively simple sample preparation. A total of 95 bacteria from six different epidemiologically important multilocus sequence types (ST10, ST69, ST95, ST73, ST127 and ST131) were used in this project and principal component-discriminant function analysis (PC-DFA) of these samples produced clear separate clustering of isolates, based on the ST...
June 2014: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Kazuki Harada, Yuka Nakai, Yasushi Kataoka
Thirty-three cefazolin-resistant extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli strains from companion animals were screened for bla(CMY-1) , bla(CMY-2) , bla(SHV) , bla(TEM) , and bla(CTX-M) genes. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing strains were further characterized by O serotyping and multilocus sequence typing. It was found that 20 and 17 isolates harbored TEM-1 and CMY-2 β-lactamases, respectively, and 13 isolates harbored both β-lactamases. One isolate harbored DHA-1 β-lactamase. Eleven isolates were found to possess CTX-M β-lactamases (CTX-M-27 [n= 6], CTX-M-14 [n= 3], CTX-M-15 [n= 1], and CTX-M-55 [n= 1])...
July 2012: Microbiology and Immunology
Tarek M Gibreel, Andrew R Dodgson, John Cheesbrough, Andrew J Fox, Frederick J Bolton, Mathew Upton
OBJECTIVES: Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) has been used to characterize diverse pathogens, including uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). There has been significant interest in the contribution of the O25b:H4-ST131 lineage to UPEC disease, as these isolates are often highly virulent and exhibit multidrug resistance. To reveal the wider impact of sequence type (ST) 131, we have examined its contribution to the overall population structure of UPEC isolates that were not selected on the basis of virulence or antibiotic resistance...
February 2012: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Anusak Kerdsin, Kazunori Oishi, Saowalak Sripakdee, Nitsara Boonkerd, Pitimol Polwichai, Shota Nakamura, Ryuichi Uchida, Pathom Sawanpanyalert, Surang Dejsirilert
Most cases of Streptococcus suis infection in humans are caused by serotype 2 strains, and only a few cases caused by other serotypes have been reported. Among 177 human isolates of S. suis in Thailand, 12 (6.8 %) were identified as being of serotype 14, and an occurrence of sporadic S. suis serotype 14 infection was noted during 2006-2008, particularly in northern Thailand. Clinical presentations of the 12 patients (median age 62.9 years) included meningitis (58.3 %), septic arthritis (25 %) and sepsis (16...
November 2009: Journal of Medical Microbiology
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