Read by QxMD icon Read


H Ciesielczuk, C Jenkins, M Chattaway, M Doumith, R Hope, N Woodford, D W Wareham
Extra-intestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli are a significant cause of urinary tract infection and bacteraemia within the UK. We sought to identify the serogroups of 658 E. coli isolates collected in the UK between January 2011 and March 2012, to better understand the ExPEC population and understand the relevance of serogroups in this pathotype. Isolates were typed and serogroup identified using established phenotypic and molecular methods. Sixty-two serogroups were identified; 54 among urinary isolates and 35 among bloodstream isolates...
October 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Malin Lager, Sara Mernelius, Sture Löfgren, Jan Söderman
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections caused by Escherichia coli and antibiotic resistance due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) production constitute a threat against patient safety. To identify, track, and control outbreaks and to detect emerging virulent clones, typing tools of sufficient discriminatory power that generate reproducible and unambiguous data are needed. METHODS: A probe based real-time PCR method targeting multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) was developed...
2016: Clinical Laboratory
Doyle V Ward, Matthias Scholz, Moreno Zolfo, Diana H Taft, Kurt R Schibler, Adrian Tett, Nicola Segata, Ardythe L Morrow
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) afflicts approximately 10% of extremely preterm infants with high fatality. Inappropriate bacterial colonization with Enterobacteriaceae is implicated, but no specific pathogen has been identified. We identify uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) colonization as a significant risk factor for the development of NEC and subsequent mortality. We describe a large-scale deep shotgun metagenomic sequence analysis of the early intestinal microbiome of 144 preterm and 22 term infants. Using a pan-genomic approach to functionally subtype the E...
March 29, 2016: Cell Reports
Binghuai Lu, Yujie Fang, Lei Huang, Baowei Diao, Xiaoli Du, Biao Kan, Yanchao Cui, Fengxia Zhu, Dong Li, Duochun Wang
Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) is presently considered as a human pathogen associated with clinical infection. We characterized 56 SDSE isolates collected from two tertiary hospitals in Beijing, China. Sixteen distinct emm types/subtypes were detected, dominated by stG245.0 (32.1%), stG652.0 (10.7%), stG6.1 (10.7%) and stG485.0 (10.7%), and a novel stG840.0 variant type was identified. All isolates possessed virulence genes of sagA and scpA, and most carried slo (98.2%), ska (98.2%) and speG(dys) (35...
June 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
So Hae Park, Seok Cheol Choi, Kyung Won Lee, Mi-Na Kim, Soo Myung Hwang
Multilocus sequence typing analysis was applied to determine the genotypes of 147 (137 clinical and 10 environmental) Cryptococcus neoformans and three clinical Cryptococcus gattii isolates from 1993 to 2014 in Korea. Among the 137 clinical isolates of C. neoformans, the most prevalent genotype was ST5 (n = 131), followed by ST31 (n = 5) and ST127 (n = 1). Three C. gattii strains were identified as ST57, ST7, and ST113. All environmental isolates were identified as C. neoformans with two genotypes, ST5 (n = 7) and ST31 (n = 3)...
September 2015: Mycobiology
Majed F Alghoribi, Tarek M Gibreel, Garry Farnham, Sameera M Al Johani, Hanan H Balkhy, Mathew Upton
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the molecular epidemiology of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) from a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, revealing, for the first time, the population structure of UPEC in the region. METHODS: A total of 202 UPEC isolates were recovered from hospital and community patients with urinary tract infection in December 2012 and January 2013. Strains were characterized by MLST, antibiotic susceptibility determination and virulence gene detection...
October 2015: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Peter Ulleryd, Torsten Sandberg, Flemming Scheutz, Connie Clabots, Brian D Johnston, Paul Thuras, James R Johnson
Of 23 unique Escherichia coli strains from 10 men with febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) and their female sex partners, 6 strains (all UTI causing) were shared between partners. Molecularly, the 6 shared strains appeared more virulent than the 17 nonshared strains, being associated with phylogenetic group B2, sequence types ST73 and ST127, and multiple specific virulence genes. This indicates that UTIs are sometimes sexually transmitted.
June 2015: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Aaron E Darling, Jessica McKinnon, Paul Worden, Jerran Santos, Ian G Charles, Piklu Roy Chowdhury, Steven P Djordjevic
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli are a frequent cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) and are thought to have a foodborne origin. E. coli with sequence type 127 (ST127) are emerging pathogens increasingly implicated as a cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) globally. A ST127 isolate (2009-46) resistant to ampicillin and trimethoprim was recovered from the urine of a 56 year old patient with a UTI from a hospital in Sydney, Australia and was characterised here. RESULTS: We sequenced the genome of Escherichia coli 2009-46 using the Illumina Nextera XT and MiSeq technologies...
2014: Gut Pathogens
Majed F Alghoribi, Tarek M Gibreel, Andrew R Dodgson, Scott A Beatson, Mathew Upton
Galleria mellonella larvae are an alternative in vivo model for investigating bacterial pathogenicity. Here, we examined the pathogenicity of 71 isolates from five leading uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) lineages using G. mellonella larvae. Larvae were challenged with a range of inoculum doses to determine the 50% lethal dose (LD50) and for analysis of survival outcome using Kaplan-Meier plots. Virulence was correlated with carriage of a panel of 29 virulence factors (VF). Larvae inoculated with ST69 and ST127 isolates (10(4) colony-forming units/larvae) showed significantly higher mortality rates than those infected with ST73, ST95 and ST131 isolates, killing 50% of the larvae within 24 hours...
2014: PloS One
S E Dawson, T Gibreel, N Nicolaou, H AlRabiah, Y Xu, R Goodacre, M Upton
In this paper, we demonstrate that Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy is able to discriminate rapidly between uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) of key lineages with only relatively simple sample preparation. A total of 95 bacteria from six different epidemiologically important multilocus sequence types (ST10, ST69, ST95, ST73, ST127 and ST131) were used in this project and principal component-discriminant function analysis (PC-DFA) of these samples produced clear separate clustering of isolates, based on the ST...
June 2014: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Kazuki Harada, Yuka Nakai, Yasushi Kataoka
Thirty-three cefazolin-resistant extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli strains from companion animals were screened for bla(CMY-1) , bla(CMY-2) , bla(SHV) , bla(TEM) , and bla(CTX-M) genes. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing strains were further characterized by O serotyping and multilocus sequence typing. It was found that 20 and 17 isolates harbored TEM-1 and CMY-2 β-lactamases, respectively, and 13 isolates harbored both β-lactamases. One isolate harbored DHA-1 β-lactamase. Eleven isolates were found to possess CTX-M β-lactamases (CTX-M-27 [n= 6], CTX-M-14 [n= 3], CTX-M-15 [n= 1], and CTX-M-55 [n= 1])...
July 2012: Microbiology and Immunology
Tarek M Gibreel, Andrew R Dodgson, John Cheesbrough, Andrew J Fox, Frederick J Bolton, Mathew Upton
OBJECTIVES: Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) has been used to characterize diverse pathogens, including uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). There has been significant interest in the contribution of the O25b:H4-ST131 lineage to UPEC disease, as these isolates are often highly virulent and exhibit multidrug resistance. To reveal the wider impact of sequence type (ST) 131, we have examined its contribution to the overall population structure of UPEC isolates that were not selected on the basis of virulence or antibiotic resistance...
February 2012: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Anusak Kerdsin, Kazunori Oishi, Saowalak Sripakdee, Nitsara Boonkerd, Pitimol Polwichai, Shota Nakamura, Ryuichi Uchida, Pathom Sawanpanyalert, Surang Dejsirilert
Most cases of Streptococcus suis infection in humans are caused by serotype 2 strains, and only a few cases caused by other serotypes have been reported. Among 177 human isolates of S. suis in Thailand, 12 (6.8 %) were identified as being of serotype 14, and an occurrence of sporadic S. suis serotype 14 infection was noted during 2006-2008, particularly in northern Thailand. Clinical presentations of the 12 patients (median age 62.9 years) included meningitis (58.3 %), septic arthritis (25 %) and sepsis (16...
November 2009: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"