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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228461/sex-differences-in-inflammatory-markers-and-health-status-among-young-adults-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-virgo-variation-in-recovery-role-of-gender-on-outcomes-of-young-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-study
#1
Yuan Lu, Shengfan Zhou, Rachel P Dreyer, Erica S Spatz, Mary Geda, Nancy P Lorenze, Gail D'Onofrio, Judith H Lichtman, John A Spertus, Paul M Ridker, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Young women (≤55 years of age) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have higher mortality risk than similarly aged men. Elevated inflammatory markers are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular outcomes after AMI, but little is known about whether young women have higher inflammatory levels after AMI compared with young men. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed sex differences in post-AMI inflammatory markers and whether such differences account for sex differences in 12-month health status, using data from 2219 adults with AMI, 18 to 55 years of age, in the United States...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222921/relationships-between-left-ventricular-structure-and-function-according-to-cardiac-mri-and-cardiac-biomarkers-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#2
Bryan A Ross, Ron Wald, Marc B Goldstein, Darren A Yuen, Jonathon Leipsic, Mercedeh Kiaii, Andrea Rathe, Djeven P Deva, Anish Kirpalani, Olugbenga O Bello, John J Graham, Howard Leong-Poi, Kim A Connelly, Andrew T Yan
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess the relationships between left ventricular (LV) remodelling and the mechanical and uremic stressors in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: In this prospective 2-centre cohort study, 67 prevalent hemodialysis patients were followed for 1 year. Data on routine bloodwork and predialysis blood pressure (BP) measurements were collected over a 12-week period. LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) and LV mass (LVM) were measured using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and indexed...
December 3, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222033/non-hdl-cholesterol-and-c-reactive-protein-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
María Mercedes Prado, Teresita Carrizo, Adela Victoria Abregú, Tomás Meroño
BACKGROUND: To what extent high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is associated with known cardiovascular risk factors in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has not been fully explored. METHODS: Forty-two T1D children (age: 12+/-1 years) without hypertension, retinopathy, hypothyroidism, albuminuria or other endocrine diseases and 20 controls were studied. Out of the 42 T1D patients studied 57% were prepubertal or early pubertal (Tanner I/II), 38% were pubertal (Tanner III/IV) and 5% post-pubertal (Tanner V)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212629/cardiometabolic-risk-in-a-population-of-older-adults-with-multiple-co-morbidities-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-indepth-communities-study
#4
Thomas A Gaziano, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Alisha Wade, Nigel J Crowther, Sartaj Alam, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Ryan Wagner, Julia Rohr, Livia Montana, Kathleen Kahn, Till W Bärnighausen, Lisa F Berkman, Stephen Tollman
BACKGROUND: A consequence of the widespread uptake of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is that the older South African population will experience an increase in life expectancy, increasing their risk for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), and its risk factors. The long-term interactions between HIV infection, treatment, and CMD remain to be elucidated in the African population. The HAALSI cohort was established to investigate the impact of these interactions on CMD morbidity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207497/concurrent-presence-of-inflammation-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-exacerbates-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-koges-6-year-follow-up-study
#5
Jinkwan Kim, Dae Wui Yoon, Seung Ku Lee, Seunggwan Lee, Kyung-Mee Choi, Thomas J Robert, Chol Shin
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) leads to multiple end-organ morbidities that are mediated by the cumulative burden of oxidative stress and inflammation. Both OSA and inflammation play key roles in increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Thus, we hypothesized that the combination of inflammation and OSA could accelerate the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a large cohort study.A total of 1835 participants were randomly selected from the ongoing Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study for the years between 2007 and 2015...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190687/short-term-effects-of-particle-size-fractions-on-circulating-biomarkers-of-inflammation-in-a-panel-of-elderly-subjects-and-healthy-young-adults
#6
Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Kazem Naddafi, Homa Kashani, Sasan Faridi, Nino Kunzli, Ramin Nabizadeh, Fatemeh Momeniha, Akbar Gholampour, Mohammad Arhami, Ahad Zare, Zahra Pourpak, Mohammad Hoseini, Masud Yunesian
Systemic inflammation biomarkers have been associated with risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We aimed to clarify associations of acute exposure to particulate matter (PM10 (PM < 10 μm), PM2.5-10 (PM 2.5-10 μm), PM2.5 (PM < 2.5 μm), PM1-2.5 (PM 1-2.5 μm), and PM1 (PM < 1 μm)) with systemic inflammation using panels of elderly subjects and healthy young adults. We followed a panel of 44 nonsmoking elderly subjects living in a retirement home and a panel of 40 healthy young adults living in a school dormitory in Tehran city, Iran from May 2012 to May 2013...
February 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182038/study-of-anemia-in-nondialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease-with-special-reference-to-serum-hepcidin
#7
H Goyal, S Mohanty, M Sharma, A Rani
We studied the role of serum hepcidin in anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a hospital-based cross-sectional study. Serum hepcidin, ferritin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels were evaluated in patients of CKD. Hepcidin levels were increased in patients as compared to healthy adults. Hepcidin levels increased as CKD progressed through stage 3-5 (P trend = 0.015) but did not correlate with estimated glomerular filtration rate. Hepcidin correlated positively with ferritin (P < 0...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177726/vitamin-d-status-is-not-related-to-insulin-resistance-in-different-phenotypes-of-moderate-obesity
#8
Manal Al Masri, Ahmed Jerome Romain, Catherine Boegner, Laurent Maimoun, Denis Mariano-Goulart, Vincent Attalin, Elodie Leprieur, Marion Picandet, Antoine Avignon, Ariane Sultan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Low plasma 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25OHD) and high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) are associated with obesity and could play a role in the occurrence of its complications such as insulin resistance. The objective of the study was to evaluate whether the relationship between 25OHD status and phosphocalcic parameters differ between metabolically healthy obese (MHO) and insulin-resistant obese (IRO). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 158 consecutive adults (121 females) with obesity (BMI 35...
January 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174109/increased-ratio-of-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-to-interleukin-10-as-a-potential-peripheral-biomarker-of-schizophrenia-and-aggression
#9
Qinting Zhang, Wu Hong, Haozhe Li, Fanglan Peng, Fan Wang, Ningning Li, Hui Xiang, Zongfeng Zhang, Yousong Su, Yueqi Huang, Shengyu Zhang, Guoqin Zhao, Rubai Zhou, Ling Mao, Zhiguang Lin, Weixiong Cai, Yiru Fang, Bin Xie, Min Zhao
BACKGROUND: Many studies have indicated that immune dysfunction might be involved in the physiopathology of schizophrenia and aggression. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin (IL)-10 and clinical characteristics, especially aggression, and to explore the potential role of hsCRP and IL-10 as plasma biomarkers of schizophrenia. METHODS: Forty-one patients with schizophrenia and forty healthy individuals were enrolled...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164513/baseline-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-correlates-with-disease-activity-and-therapeutic-outcomes-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-irrespective-of-anemia-status
#10
Xing-Li Zou, Xiao-Jing Lin, Xun Ni, Jing Wang, Wen Liu, Jin Wei
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) has been recently found to reflect systemic inflammation in addition to anisocytosis, and its value for assessing disease activity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been addressed in two studies, but its correlation with therapeutic outcomes and disease flare has not been evaluated. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-six newly diagnosed patients with SLE (all-SLE), including 105 non-anemic patients (na-SLE) and 91 patients with anemia (a-SLE) were prospectively studied...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163961/the-adjuvant-use-of-calcium-fructoborate-and-borax-with-etanercept-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-pilot-study
#11
Saad Abdulrahman Hussain, Sattar Jabir Abood, Faiq Isho Gorial
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effects calcium fructoborate (CFB) and sodium tetraborate (NTB) as supplements in Iraqi patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) maintained on etanercept. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial with 60 days treatment period was carried out at Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical city, Baghdad, Iraq. Eighty RA patients were randomized into three groups to receive either 220 mg/day CFB, 55 mg/day NTB in capsule dosage form (equivalent to 6 mg elemental Boron), or placebo formula once daily...
January 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160438/metabolically-healthy-obesity-and-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-the-role-of-systemic-inflammation-in-a-prospective-study
#12
Lin Lin, Kui Peng, Rui Du, Xiaolin Huang, Jieli Lu, Yu Xu, Min Xu, Yuhong Chen, Yufang Bi, Weiqing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) phenotype and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a Chinese population and whether systemic inflammation affects this association. METHODS: A cohort study was performed with 2,491 Chinese adults. Body mass index ≥ 25.0 kg/m(2) was defined as obesity. CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) or urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio ≥ 30 mg/g...
February 3, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156007/acute-effects-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-shocks-on-biomarkers-of-myocardial-injury-apoptosis-heart-failure-and-systemic-inflammation
#13
Jordan Brewster, Travis Sexton, Gary Dhaliwal, Richard Charnigo, Gustavo Morales, Kevin Parrott, Yousef Darrat, John Gurley, Susan Smyth, Claude S Elayi
BACKGROUND: ICD shocks are potentially associated with myocardial injury, altered hemodynamics, apoptosis and inflammatory signaling. Their precise cellular impact can be explored after defibrillation testing (DFT) via biomarkers. We evaluated changes in biomarkers after ICD shocks during DFT. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled outpatients presenting for first implantation of a cardiac device. Biomarkers indicative of myocardial injury, inflammation and apoptosis were measured before and after implantation, and compared between patients receiving DFT (DFT+) to those not (DFT-)...
February 3, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154166/prognostic-significance-of-plasma-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#14
Ling Zhu, Yubao Zou, Yilu Wang, Xiaoliang Luo, Kai Sun, Hu Wang, Lei Jia, Yan Liu, Juan Zou, Zuyi Yuan, Rutai Hui, Lianming Kang, Lei Song, Jizheng Wang
BACKGROUND: Elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) has been associated with increased risks of adverse outcomes of various cardiovascular diseases. The relationship between hsCRP and the prognosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy remains to be evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study used an observational cohort methodology. A total of 490 patients were enrolled in the Fuwai Hospital from 2001 to 2011 and were followed for 3.7±2.0 years. According to the risk category of hsCRP, subjects in the high hsCRP group (>3...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153935/association-of-tnf-receptor-2-and-crp-with-gfr-decline-in-the-general-nondiabetic-population
#15
Jørgen Schei, Vidar Tor Nyborg Stefansson, Bjørn Odvar Eriksen, Trond Geir Jenssen, Marit Dahl Solbu, Tom Wilsgaard, Toralf Melsom
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Higher levels of inflammatory markers have been associated with renal outcomes in diabetic populations. We investigated whether soluble TNF receptor 2 (TNFR2) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were associated with the age-related GFR decline in a nondiabetic population using measured GFR (mGFR). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A representative sample of 1590 middle-aged people from the general population without prevalent kidney disease, diabetes, or cardiovascular disease were enrolled in the Renal Iohexol-Clearance Survey in Tromsø 6 (RENIS-T6) between 2007 and 2009...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153875/prognostic-impacts-of-plasma-levels-of-cyclophilin-a-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Tomohiro Ohtsuki, Kimio Satoh, Junichi Omura, Nobuhiro Kikuchi, Taijyu Satoh, Ryo Kurosawa, Masamichi Nogi, Shinichiro Sunamura, Nobuhiro Yaoita, Tatsuo Aoki, Shunsuke Tatebe, Koichiro Sugimura, Jun Takahashi, Satoshi Miyata, Hiroaki Shimokawa
OBJECTIVE: Cyclophilin A (CyPA) is secreted from vascular smooth muscle cells, inflammatory cells, and activated platelets in response to oxidative stress. We have recently demonstrated that plasma CyPA level is a novel biomarker for diagnosing coronary artery disease. However, it remains to be elucidated whether plasma CyPA levels also have a prognostic impact in such patients. APPROACH AND RESULTS: In 511 consecutive patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography, we measured the plasma levels of CyPA, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and brain natriuretic peptide and evaluated their prognostic impacts during the follow-up (42 months, interquartile range: 25-55 months)...
February 2, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148953/retinopathy-signs-improved-prediction-and-reclassification-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Henrietta Ho, Carol Y Cheung, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Wanfen Yip, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Peng Guan Ong, Paul Mitchell, Khuan Yew Chow, Ching Yu Cheng, E Shyong Tai, Tien Yin Wong
CVD risk prediction in diabetics is imperfect, as risk models are derived mainly from the general population. We investigate whether the addition of retinopathy and retinal vascular caliber improve CVD prediction beyond established risk factors in persons with diabetes. We recruited participants from the Singapore Malay Eye Study (SiMES, 2004-2006) and Singapore Prospective Study Program (SP2, 2004-2007), diagnosed with diabetes but no known history of CVD at baseline. Retinopathy and retinal vascular (arteriolar and venular) caliber measurements were added to risk prediction models derived from Cox regression model that included established CVD risk factors and serum biomarkers in SiMES, and validated this internally and externally in SP2...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144255/vitamin-d-status-and-circulating-biomarkers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-and-inflammation-in-non-diabetic-obese-individuals-a-pilot-study
#18
Branislava Ilinčić, Edita Stokić, Zoran Stošić, Nevena Eremić Kojić, Niki Katsiki, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Esma R Isenovic
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and inadequate vitamin D status are associated with endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. We evaluated the associations between vitamin D status (i.e. serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)), biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction (i.e. serum concentrations of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) and soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin)), inflammatory markers (i.e. high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and fibrinogen) and cardiometabolic risk factors...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138360/serum-levels-of-undercarboxylated-osteocalcin-are-related-to-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-healthy-subjects
#19
Sergio Sanchez-Enriquez, Isabel Thalia Ballesteros-Gonzalez, José Rafael Villafán-Bernal, Sara Pascoe-Gonzalez, Edgar Alfonso Rivera-Leon, Blanca Estela Bastidas-Ramirez, Jorge David Rivas-Carrillo, Juan Luis Alcala-Zermeno, Juan Armendariz-Borunda, Iris Monserrat Llamas-Covarrubias, Abraham Zepeda-Moreno
AIM: To determine a potential relationship between serum undercarboxylated (ucOC) concentration and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients and healthy subjects (HS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 140 subjects classified into two groups, 70 with T2D and 70 HS. Medical history and physical examination with anthropometric measurements were obtained from all subjects. Body fat percentage was determined by bioelectrical impendency analysis...
January 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127562/declining-physical-performance-associates-with-serum-fasl-mir-21-and-mir-146a-in-aging-sprinters
#20
Reeta Kangas, Timo Törmäkangas, Ari Heinonen, Markku Alen, Harri Suominen, Vuokko Kovanen, Eija K Laakkonen, Marko T Korhonen
Aging is associated with systemic inflammation and cellular apoptosis accelerating physiological dysfunctions. Whether physically active way of life affects these associations is unclear. This study measured the levels of serum inflammatory and apoptotic molecules, their change over 10 years, and their associations with physical performance in sprint-trained male athletes. HsCRP, cell counts, HGB, FasL, miR-21, and miR-146a were measured cross-sectionally (n = 67, 18-90 yrs) and serum FasL, miR-21, and miR-146a and their aging-related associations with physical performance were assessed over a 10-year follow-up (n = 49, 50-90 yrs)...
2017: BioMed Research International
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